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Preparing Subject Specialists for Academic and Research Libraries

发布时间:2013-10-22 08:40:55  

Agenda

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?Study overviewMethodologyPreliminary findings for one questionConclusions and questions for consideration

January 18, 2006Preparing Subject Specialists...2

Areas Addressed by the Study?

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?Current demand for and supply of subject specialists in ARL librariesProjected demand for and supply of subject specialists in ARL librariesRecruitment of qualified individuals to librarianship as a careerEducation of students preparing to become subject specialists

January 18, 2006Preparing Subject Specialists...3

Project Staff

?Studying the supplyside…?School of Library and Information Studies -

University of Wisconsin –Madison?Louise S. Robbins (Project P.I.)?Ming-Hsin “Phoebe” Chiu (Research assistant)?Studying the demandside…

Maryland -College Park?College of Information Studies-University of ?Diane Barlow (Project Co-P.I.)?Pat Fisher (Research assistant)

Preparing Subject Specialists...4January 18, 2006

Research Question

“From the perspective of the professional

librarian, what knowledge, skills and attitudes do subject specialists in an academic or research library need?”

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Methodology

?Survey?All ARL library directors (n=123) ?45.5% response rate (n=56)

?Subject specialists within the responding libraries (n=30)?Interviews

?Content analysis?A total of 50 position descriptions and job

advertisements for subject specialists

Preparing Subject Specialists...6January 18, 2006

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Aspects of LIS Education

Survey and interview respondents rated the importance

of 20 aspects of LIS education:

?Administration?Information literacy

?Appropriate Technology?Information policy

?Automation of library functions/services?Intellectual freedom

?Cataloging & bibliographical control?Instructional design

?Collection management?Preservation and conservation?Database searching?Reference & information services?Digital collections creation?Research methods

?History & culture of librarianship?Subject bibliography

?Information architecture?User needs

Teaching Methods

?Group projects/collaborative work?Practicum/internship

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Most Important Aspects of LIS Education

Aspects ranked very/extremely important by Directors

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?User needs Collection managementReference & info. ServicesAppropriate technologies Database searching Information literacy Research methodsSubject bibliography

January 18, 200696%88%85%81%80%79%79%74%9Preparing Subject Specialists...

Most Important Aspects of LIS Education, cont.

Aspects ranked very/extremely important by Subject Specialists

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?Practicum/internship User needs Reference and Information servicesAppropriate technologies Collection management 90%87%87%83%77%

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Comments on User Needs?

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?User needs assessment techniquesAttentiveness to users –must know about different usersHow to present information to users

With the exception of language specialties, we don’t need subject specialists anymore. We need people who can talk to faculty about their information needs.

January 18, 2006Preparing Subject Specialists...13?

Comments on Collection Management

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?Licensing electronic resourcesSubject collection in broader library contextBasic practicalities –approval plan, evaluation and selection, acquisitionCopyrightVendor relations –negotiation, contractsCM in a subject areaFaculty liaison activitiesScholarly communication process & influence on CMCourse in CM should be mandatoryJanuary 18, 2006Preparing Subject Specialists...14?

Comments on Reference & Information Services?

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?Understand the collaborative nature of research –working with the user…it is their question; suppress your subject expertise egoReference and teachingTools and general resourcesBroad coverage of subject area coursesJanuary 18, 2006Preparing Subject Specialists...15

Comments on Appropriate Technology

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?Sophisticated in technologyEmerging technologiesMust be able to talk to systems peopleJanuary 18, 2006Preparing Subject Specialists...16

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Conclusions I

?Agreement in the view from the field about most important curricular areas?User needs?Collection management?Reference & information services?Appropriate technologies?Research methods?Subject bibliography

Preparing Subject Specialists...January 18, 200618

Conclusions II

?Differences in the view from the field about most important curricular areas?Practicum?Database searching?Information literacy?Instruction?Library administration?Teamwork/collaborationJanuary 18, 2006Preparing Subject Specialists...19

Conclusions III

?Agreement in the view from the field about least important curricular areas?Administration?History & culture of librarianship?Preservation & conservationJanuary 18, 2006Preparing Subject Specialists...20

Important Attributes

?Versatility and adaptability in professional work?Able to work effectively in more than one function?Interested in developing new professional competencies

?Versatility and adaptability in intellectual work?Able to work in more than one field?Able to transition to a new field

Preparing Subject Specialists...January 18, 200621

Staffing Needs?

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?Multidisciplinary Science & TechnologyArts & ArchitectureBiological, Physical, & Medical SciencesArts and Social SciencesAfrican Studies, Education, & Social SciencesBiological, Social, and Physical SciencesJanuary 18, 2006Preparing Subject Specialists...22

Questions for Consideration?

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?Generalist vs Specialist Preference for intellectual specialty vs need for intellectual breadthSpecial programs for holders of advanced subject degreesDifferent career laddersValue of professional acculturationJanuary 18, 2006Preparing Subject Specialists...23

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