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国际音标发音练习3

发布时间:2013-10-26 08:52:06  

英语国际音标

英语国际音标简介

? 音素是语音的最小单位,一个音素就是一个音。 48音素 元音 辅音 ? 音标是用于标记读音的符号,也就是音素的书 面符号。英语音标的作用相当于汉语的拼音。 ? 国际音标是国际语音协会制定的一套语音符号。 ? 音标在标注字母或单词的读音时,音标外要用 两条斜线∕∕括起来,以免与单词或字母混淆。

? 元音是指发音时气流通过口腔或鼻腔时,不 受任何阻碍,同时声带振动。英语中的元音 共有20个。 ? 辅音是指发音时,气流从肺部压出来后,通 过口腔或鼻腔时受到各发音器官的阻碍,如 受到唇、齿、舌、咽喉等的阻碍而形成的音。 ? 清辅音发音时声带不振动,浊辅音发音时声 带振动。

/?/
★发音要诀 (1)舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,音短促。 (2)双唇扁平,牙床半合,上下齿之间可放 入一个小指尖。口腔肌肉松弛。 ★发音练习

/ⅰ/ ⅰ / / /ⅰ / /ⅰ / /ⅰ/ /ⅰ/

pig big dig kid kick pick

猪 大的
挖 小孩子

踢 采摘

Milk/milk/ 牛奶 minute/minit/分钟 fish/fi? / 鱼 window/wind??/窗 fit /fit/ 适合的 rabbit/r?bit/兔子 Is/iz/ 是 music/mju:zik/音乐 his/hiz/ 他的 fifteen/fifti:n/十五

hit/hit/打,击中 city/siti/城市 hill/hil/小山 happy/k?pi/快乐 thin/ θ in/瘦的 live/liv/居住 this/eis/这个

朗读下面的句子
(1)This is a pig. (2)Jim is as thin as a pin. (3)Dick often sits on the hill. (4)Bill lives in this village. (5)It is a pity, this city is too noisy.

/i:/
★发音要诀 (1)舌尖抵下齿,舌前部尽量抬高。 (2)双唇扁平,牙床几乎半合。 (3)这是长元音,发音时嘴角向旁伸,做微笑 状,并要有一定的延长。 ★发音练习

me [ mi:] see [ si: ] meet[ mi:t ] need [ ni:d ] feel [ 'fi:l ]

sea [ si: ] heat [ hi:t ] free [ fri: ] bee [ bi: ]

We/wi:/我们 me/mi:/ 我(宾格) she /?i: /她 knee/ni:/膝盖 We/wi:/我们 Tree/ tr i:/树 Chinese/t?aini:z/ Sheep/?i:p/羊 three /θri:/三 canteen/c?nti:n/ These/e i:z/这些

朗读下面的句子
(1)A friend in need is a friend indeed. (2)Which would you like, black tea or green tea? (3)Can you see the green tree? (4)There is a key on the seat. (5)Do you like to eat meat?

/e/
★发音要诀 (1)舌尖抵下齿,舌前部稍抬高。 (2)双唇中常,上下齿间可容下一食指,口腔肌肉 松弛。 ★注意事项 (1)发/e/ 音时,口不能张得太大。 (2)要避免舌头随便移动,从而发成其他的双元音。 ★发音练习

朗读下面的单词 leg [ leɡ ] tell [ tel ] desk [ desk ] bed [ bed ] bread [ bred ]

Leg/leg/腿 egg/eg/鸡蛋 Bed/bed/床 desk/desk/桌子 Pen/pen/笔 elephant/elif?nt/大象 get/get/获得 seven/sev?n/七 Yes/jes/是的 eleven/?lev?n/十一

bed 床 / / belt 腰带 / / / / pet 宠物 egg 蛋 / / / leg 腿 / d

esk 书桌 / /

朗读下面的句子
(1)It is never too late to mend. (2)He has already passed the test. (3)Fresh vegetables are good for our health. (4)So many men, so many minds. (5)Let’s get ready for the lesson.

/? /
★发音要诀 (1)舌尖抵下齿,舌前部稍抬高,音短促。 (2)双唇向两边平伸,成扁平形。上下齿间 可容两指宽度。口腔肌肉松弛。 ★发音练习

/ / / / / / / / / /

ad bad sad dad bag

广告 坏的 伤心的 爸爸 书包

/ / / /

/ / p/ /

bat 蝙蝠/球拍 cat 猫 cap 帽子 black 黑色的

朗读下面的句子
(1)As a matter of fact, the man is fat. (2)The cat catches a fat rat. (3)A fat man ran after a black cat. (4)She has a black bag. (5)Mack comes back very late.

/?/
★注意事项 /?/不出现在重读音节中,在词首或词中时发 音较模糊,在词尾时适当拖长。 ★发音练习

ago [ ?'ɡ?u ] panda [ 'p?nd? ] brother [ 'br?e? ] sister [ 'sist? ] winter [ 'wint? ] river [ 'riv? ] breakfast [‘brekf?st ]

朗读下面的句子
(1)Her younger sister is a teacher. (2)Did you forget the famous writer’s name? (3)After supper, he went to visit his younger brother. (4)There is an eraser under the computer. (5)The second picture drew by my brother is very beautiful

/ ?:/ her [h?:] bird [ b?:d ] work [ w?:k ] shirt [ ??:t ] girl [ ɡ?:l ] skirt [ sk?:t ]

? /?:n/ /n?:s/ /t?:m/ /h?:/ /s?:/ /h?:d/ /?:n/

/s?:v/

/h?:t/

/b?:d/

朗读下面的句子
(1)The early bird catches the worm. (2)There are thirteen girls in the third picture. (3)Please turn to page thirty and read the first dialogue. (4)The nurse in a dirty skirt is feeding the bird. (5)He has written thirty poems this term.

/?/
★注意事项 发/?/ 时,声音要短促,不能拖泥带水。 ★发音练习

fun [ f?n ] bus [ b?s ] must [ m?st ] cut [ k?t ] luck [ l?k ] sun [ s?n ] son [ s?n ] duck [ d?k ]

朗读下面的句子
(1)What colour is this bus? (2)Her son loves nothing but money. (3)It’s Sunday, but you must get up now. (4)Her cousin cut her finger last Monday. (5)He doesn’t have enough money, but he is going to take his mother to visit the Great Wall.

/ɑ:/
art [ ɑ:t ] hard [ hɑ:d ] star [ stɑ: ] card [ kɑ:d ] dark [ 'dɑ:k ] arm [ ɑ:m ] start [ stɑ:t ]

朗读下面的句子
(1)There is a large park near the farm. (2)A fast car passed through the park. (3)Her father is counting the stars in a dark house. (4)He didn’t pass the exam, for it’s rather hard. (5)Her farther put the card into the basket.

/?/
hot [ h?t ] stop [ st?p ] not [ n?t ] box [ b?ks ] sorry [ 's?ri ] what [w?t ] fox dog pot clock

朗读下面的句子
(1)I got a job as a pop song singer. (2)Barking dogs do not bite. (3)---What’s this? ---It’s a clock. (4)There are many hot dogs in the shop. (5)The dog stopped on the top of the hill.

/?:/
door [ d?: ] law [ l?: ] call [ k?:l ] more [ m?: ] small [ sm?:l ] story [

'st?:ri ] tall [t?:l]

朗读下面的句子
(1)Look before you leap. (2)It’s warm today. (3)Please open the door. (4)George saw a door on the wall. (5)Your daughter who is tall has bought four balls.

/?/ put [put] book [ buk ] good [ ɡud ] look [ luk ] cook [ kuk ] foot [ fut ]

朗读下面的句子
(1)The classroom is full of books. (2)She is a good-looking cook. (3)More sugar should be put in the coffee. (4)He is looking for a good book. (5)I sometimes cook with a book near my right foot.

/U:/ shoe [ ?u: ] food [ fu:d ] cool [ ku:l ] room [ ru:m ] noodle [ 'nu:dl ]

/e?/ make [ meik ] date [ deit ] data [ 'deit?] cake [ keik ] wait [ weit ] name [ neim ] lake [ leik ] table [ 'teibl ]

/a?/ fly [ flai ] cry [ krai ] my [mai] kind [ kaind ] buy [ bai ]

/??/ boy [ b?i ] toy [ t?i ] oil [ ?il ] noise [ n?iz ] voice [ v?is ]

/a?/ out [ aut ] now [ nau ] how [ hau ] house [ haus ] mouth [ mauθ]

/??/ coat [ k?ut ] cold [ k?uld ] boat [ b?ut ] know [ n?u ] old [ ?uld ] low [ l?u ] No go So Old Home Those rose

/??/ ear [ i? ] near [ ni? ] clear [ kli? ] here [ hi? ] media [ 'mi:di? ] beer [ bi? ] deer [ di? ]

/e?/ air [ ε? ] hair [ hε? ] share [ ?ε? ] pear [ pε? ] hardware [ 'hɑ:dwε? ]

/??/ tour [ tu? ] poor [ pu? ] sure [ ?u?]

[p] pen
[b] bike

picture
bus

jeep
book

map
box

[ t ] ten
[d ] desk [k] cake [ g ] good [ s ] sit [z] is

two
down Kate girl see his

boat
bird thank egg yes these

meet
good clock bag class zero

/f/
fine

/v/

/θ/
thin

/e/

very
seven

this
that

five
four

think
thank

have
love

these
those

family
face floor friend

three
thirteen thirty tenth

glove
over eleven

there
father mother

/m/ my map am game

/n/
nine

/?/

morning
wrong think thank

new
ten

son

/h/ /r/

he red

hat right Hello you

here brown Floor your

hill room family yellow white

/l/ Look /j/ yes

/w/ we woman where

?[ ? ]
cash [ k? ? ] share [ ?ε? ] she [ ?i: ] ship [ ?ip ] shop [ ??p ] fish [ fi? ]

? [?]
usual [ 'ju:?u?l] leisure ['le?? ] pleasure [ 'ple??]

[tr] tree [tri:] try [trai] train [trein] true [tru:] truth [tru:θ] trade [treid] [trein]

train

? [dr]
dry [ drai ] draw [ dr?: ] drum [ dr?m ] dream [ dri:m ] dress [ dres ] driver [ draiv? ]

? [t?]
cheap [ t?i:p ] search [ s?:t? ] chair [ t?e? ] watch [ w?:t?] match [ m? t?]

? [d? ]
job [ d??b ] orange [ '?rind? ] Japan [ d??'p?n ] just [ d??st ] message [ 'mesid? ]


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