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英语公开课

发布时间:2013-10-31 10:01:44  

动词分类 (Classification of Verbs)

Lead-in
Listen to the song" do-re-mi", and find the verbs in the lyric(歌词)and try to classify(分类) them. Lyric: Doe, a deer, a female(女的) deer Ray, a drop of golden(金色的) sun Me, a name I call myself Far, a long, long way to run Sew, a needle(针) pulling thread (线) La, a note(曲子) to follow Sew(缝补) Tea, a drink with jam(果酱) and bread That will bring us back to Do (oh-oh-oh)

Verbs
call

run pull(拉着) follow(跟随着) sew(缝补) will bring

实义动词: 1.及物动词:call, pull, follow, bring 2.不及物动词:run, sew 助动词: will

动词的定义(Definition of Verb)
一、什么是动词 动词是用来表示主语做什么(即行为动词),或 表示主语是什么或怎么样(即状态动词)的词, 例如:The boy runs fast.(这个男孩跑得快。)runs 表示主语的行为 He is a boy.(他是个男孩。)is与后面 的表 语a boy表示主语的状态

Classification(分类)
标准:按照含义及它们在句中的作用 四类: 行为动词(也称实义动词) 助动词 连系动词 情态动词

(一)行为动词(Notional Verb)
? 行为动词(实义动词或主动词)是表示行为、动 作或状态的词。它的词义完整,可以单独作谓语。 行为动词(即实义动词)按其是否需要宾语,可 以分为及物动词(transitive verb)和不及物动词 (intrasitive verb)。

Read the sentences and think about the characteristic(特点) of the verbs in red. 1. The man died. 2. Look, the boy is playing over there. 3. The bus has stopped. 4. Today the wind blows heavily. 5. His sister will come tomorrow. 6. He looks out of the window.

不及物动词vi.

本身表达完整的意思,不 加宾语。如加宾语则加一 个适当的介词

Read the sentences and think about the characteristic(特点) of the verbs in red and pay attention to the words in blue. 1. He bought a computer for me. 2 .I don’t know her . 3. He is reading a newspaper. 4 .I advise him to read more books. 5. He achieves his goal.

及物动词vt.
本身不能表达完整意思,必须 加上宾语,方可表达完整意 思。

(二)助动词(Auxilary Verb) 这类词本身无词义,不能单独作谓 语,只能与主要动词一起构成谓语, 表示不同的时态、语态、或构成句 子的否定、疑问。 英语的助动词有?

助动词 1.Be(am, is, are, was, were,been,being) 2.have(has, had) 3.do(does, did) 4.shall(should) 5.will(would)

Analyzing(分析) the function(作用) of the auxiliary verbs 1.The wind is blowing.( 时态 ) 2.It was raining heavily .(时态) 3. The Olympic Games was hosted successfully in Beijing.( 时态、语态 ) 4.Do you like dancing?( 疑问、时态 ) 否定 ) 5.She didn’t watch TV last night .( 6. The bus has stopped.(时态 ) 7.They will come tomorrow.( 时态)


动词 be ,do, have,will ,shall +实义动词

Exercises
1.选择题

C 1. We had twenty miles to walk to ____the
nearest railway station. A.get B.arrive C.reach D.return
解析:get,arrive做到达的意思是vi,get to sp,arrive in/at sp,return 作回来的意思时也是vi.只有reach是 vt.所以选C.

2. Li Ping studied hard , ______ he ? A. was B. did C. wasn’t didn’t

D

D.

解析:studied 是过去时态,反义疑问句借助助动词 did, 前面是肯定,后面就用否定,所以选D.

2.指出下列各句中划线部分是什么动词(vi,vt,aux.v) 例如:All of us study hard.(vi.) 1、The sun rises in the east.( ) vi 2、I left the key at home.( ) 3、I have studied English for six years.( vt. ) 4、Do you agree to the plan?( ) aux.v 5、Don’t think of yourself;think of others.( ) vi. 6、We are having a meeting now.( ) 7.Lily helps her mother with her housework. aux.v. ( ) aux.v

vt.

Homework
Review the other classifications of verbs and read the related grammar materials .


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