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过去式

发布时间:2013-11-11 08:39:27  

规则动词的过去式词尾变化有几种:

1.一般情况下加ed,如watched, planted, watered, pulled, climbed, picked。 527920924

2.以不发音字母e结尾的加d,如liked, moved, tasted。

3.以辅音字母加y结尾的变y为i再加ed,如study——studied。

4.以1个元音字母加1个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节,双写最后一个辅音字母再加ed,如stop——stopped。

词尾读音有3种:

a.在浊辅音和元音后读[d],如lived, watered, listened, played。

b.在清辅音后读[t],如liked, helped, watched。

c.在[t],[d]音后读[Id],如planted, wanted, handed(上交)。

不规则动词的过去式变化则没有什么规律,请大家背熟记牢:

sit —— sat throw —— threw am, is —— was

drink —— drank draw —— drew are —— were

sing —— sang fly ——flew do —— did

begin —— began grow —— grew have, has —— had

swim —— swam put —— put may —— might

give —— gave cut —— cut can —— could

ring —— rang let —— let shall ——should

run —— ran read —— read will —— would

ride —— rode catch —— caught go —— went

write —— wrote teach —— taught eat —— ate

drive —— drove think —— thought hear —— heard

keep —— kept buy —— bought see —— saw

sleep —— slept fight —— fought find —— found

sweep —— swept hold —— held wear —— wore

feel —— felt tell —— told meet —— met

come —— came get —— got mean —— meant

become —— became make —— made speak —— spoke

take —— took say —— said

1)is, am -was are-were

2) begin-began ring-rang drink-drank swim-swam give-gave

sing-sang sit-sat run-ran have-had make-made

come-came eat-ate

3) write-wrote ride-rode speak-spoke drive-drove stand-stood

tell-told win-won get-got take-took

4) sleep-slept sweep-swept feel-felt keep-kept

spell-spelt spend-spent bend-bent

meet-met go-went

5) know-knew fly-flew blow-blew grow-grew

throw-threw draw-drew (glow-glowed)

6) teach-taught catch-caught buy-bought

fight-fought think-thought

7) find-found hear-heard say-said lie-lay

see-saw learn-learnt mean-meant

8) put-put read-read cut-cut let-let

英语不规则动词归类记忆表

初中英语不规则动词表(一)

一、AAA型(原形→原形→原形)

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思

read read read 读

cut cut cut 切,割

let let let 让

put put put 放

cost cost cost 花费,值

hit hit hit 撞,击

set set set 安排,安置

hurt hurt hurt 使…伤痛

二、ABA型(原形→过去式→原形)

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思

become became become 成为

come came come 来

run ran run 跑

三、ABC型

1. ow →ew →own

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 blow blew blown 吹

draw drew drawn 画

grow grew grown 生长 know knew known 知道 fly flew flown 飞

2. i→a →u

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 begin began begun 开始 drink drank drunk 喝

sing sang sung 唱

swim swam swum 游泳 ring rang rung 打电话

3. 原形→过去式→过去式+(e)n 原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 wear wore worn 穿

forget forgot forgotten 忘记 speak spoke spoken 说 freeze froze frozen 冻

choose chose chosen 选择

4. 原形→过去式→原形+(e)n 原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 eat ate eaten 吃

forbid forbade forbidden 禁止 give gave given 给

ride rode ridden 骑

see saw seen 看见

write wrote written 写 fall fell fallen 落下

5. 无规律

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 am/is was been 是

are were been 是

do did done 做

go went gone 走

take took taken 拿

四、ABB型

1. 原形→ought →ought

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 bring brought brought 带来 buy bought bought 买

fight fought fought 打架 think thought thought 思考

2. 原形→aught →aught

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 catch caught caught 捉,抓 teach taught taught 教

3. 变其中一个元音字母

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 feed fed fed 喂

meet met met 遇见

get got got 得到

hold held held 拥有

babysit babysat babysat 临时照看 sit sat sat 坐

win won won 赢

find found found 发现

4. 原形→□lt→□lt

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 feel felt felt 感到

keep kept kept 保持

leave left left 离开

sleep slept slept 睡

sweep swept swept 扫

5. 变其中一个辅音字母

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 build built built 建造

hear heard heard 听见

make made made 制造 mean meant meant 意思 send sent sent 送,寄

spend spent spent 花费 deal dealt dealt 处理

6.辅音字母和元音字母都变

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 have had had 有,吃

lay lain lain 放

lose lost lost 丢失

pay paid paid 付钱

say said said 说

sell sold sold 卖

tell told told 告诉

stand stood stood 站

五、AAB型

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 beat beat beaten 打败

六、有两种形式

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 bear bore born 生

bore borne

hang hanged hanged 吊死 hung hung 挂

learn learned learned 学 learnt learnt

lie lied lied 说谎

lay lain 躺

show showed showed 给…看 showed shown

spell spelled spelled 拼写 spelt spelt

burn burned burned 烧 burnt burnt

smell smelled smelled 闻 smelt smelt

shine shined shined 照耀 shone shone

dream dreamed dreamed 做梦 dreamt dreamt

wake waked waked 醒

woke woken

hide hid hid 躲藏

hid hidden

七、情态动词

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 can could ∕ 能

may might ∕ 也许

must ∕ ∕ 必须

shall should ∕ 将要

will would ∕ 会

初中英语不规则动词表(二) 原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 am/is was been 是

are were been 是

babysit babysat babysat 临时照看 bear bore born 生

bear bore borne 生

beat beat beaten 打败

become became become 成为 begin began begun 开始 blow blew blown 吹

bring brought brought 带来 build built built 建造

burn burned burned 烧 burn burnt burnt 烧

buy bought bought 买

can could ∕ 能

catch caught caught 捉,抓 choose chose chosen 选择 come came come 来

cost cost cost 花费,值 cut cut cut 切,割

deal dealt dealt 处理

dig dug dug 挖

do did done 做

draw drew drawn 画

dream dreamed dreamed 做梦 dream dreamt dreamt 做梦 drink drank drunk 喝

drive drove driven 驾驶 eat ate eaten 吃

fall fell fallen 落下

feed fed fed 喂

feel felt felt 感到

fight fought fought 打架 find found found 发现 fly flew flown 飞

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 forbid forbade forbidden 禁止 forget forgot forgotten 忘记 freeze froze frozen 冻 get got got 得到

give gave given 给

go went gone 走

grow grew grown 生长 hang hanged hanged 吊死 hang hung hung 挂

have had had 有,吃

hear heard heard 听见 hide hid hid 躲藏

hide hid hidden 躲藏

hit hit hit 撞,击

hold held held 拥有

hurt hurt hurt 使…伤痛 keep kept kept 保持

know knew known 知道 lay lain lain 放

learn learned learned 学 learn learnt learnt 学

leave left left 离开

lend lent lent 把…借给 let let let 让

lie lied lied 说谎

lie lay lain 躺

lose lost lost 丢失

make made made 制造 may might ∕ 也许

mean meant meant 意思 meet met met 遇见

must ∕ ∕ 必须

pay paid paid 付钱

put put put 放

read read read 读

原形 过去式 过去分词 汉语意思 ride rode ridden 骑

ring rang rung 打电话 run ran run 跑

say said said 说

see saw seen 看见

sell sold sold 卖

send sent sent 送,寄

set set set 安排,安置 shall should ∕ 将要

shine shined shined 照耀 shine shone shone 照耀

show showed showed 给…看 show showed shown 给…看 sing sang sung 唱

sit sat sat 坐

sleep slept slept 睡

smell smelled smelled 闻 smell smelt smelt 闻

speak spoke spoken 说 spell spelled spelled 拼写 spell spelt spelt 拼写

spend spent spent 花费 stand stood stood 站

sweep swept swept 扫 swim swam swum 游泳 take took taken 拿

teach taught taught 教

tell told told 告诉

think thought thought 思考

wake waked waked 醒

wake woke woken 醒

wear wore worn 穿

will would ∕ 会

win won won 赢

write wrote written 写

英语不规则动词过去式、过去分词

一般过去式构成:

表示一般过去式的动词通常用动词的过去式形式来表示,而动词的过去式是在动词原形的基础上变化的。动词的过去式可分为规则动词和不规则动词。规则动词的过去式变化如下:

一般情况下,动词词尾加 -ed ,如:? worked played wanted acted

以不发音的 -e 结尾动词,动词词尾加 -d,如:?

lived moved decided declined hoped judged raised wiped?

以辅音字母 + y结尾的动词,把-y变为-i 再加-ed,如:?

studied tried copied justified cried carried embodied emptied?

以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词,双写词尾辅音字母,再加 -ed,如:? stopped begged fretted dragged dropped planned dotted dripped?

注:不规则动词的过去式变化规律性不强,须多加记忆。?

go - went make - made get - got buy - bought come - came fly-flew?

英语不规则动词过去式、过去分词表

be ( am, is, are )(是)was, were been

(1)AAA型

cost(花费)cost cost

cut(割) cut cut

hit(打) hit hit

hurt 伤害) hurt hurt

let(让)let let

put(放)put put

read /1:/(读)read /e/ read /e/

(2) 只有过去式,没有过去分词 Can could

May might

Must must

Will would

Shall should

(3) ABA型

become(变成)became become come(来)came come run(跑)ran run

(4) ABB型

dig(挖)dug dug

get(得到)got got

hang(吊死)hanged hanged hang(悬挂)hung hung

hold(抓住)held held

shine(照耀)shone shone sit(坐) sat sat

win (赢)won won meet(遇见)met met keep (保持)kept kept sleep(睡)slept slept sweep(扫)swept swept feel(感觉)felt felt smell(闻)smelt smelt leave(离开)left left build(建设)built built lend(借出)lent lent send (传送)sent sent spend(花费)spent spent lose (丢失)lost lost burn (燃烧)burnt burnt learn(学习)learnt learnt

mean(意思是)meant meant

catch(抓住)caught caught

teach(教)taught taught

bring(带来)brought brought

fight (战斗)fought fought

buy(买)bought bought

think(想)thought thought

hear (听见)heard heard

sell(卖)sold sold

tell(告诉)told told

say(说)said said

find(找到)found found

have/has(有)had had

make(制造)made made

stand(站)stood stood

understand明白understood understood

其中 feel 感觉;learn学习;burn燃烧;hang(只有做“吊死”意思时)还可以直接+ed变过去时和过去分词

(5) ABC型

begin(开始)began begun

drink(喝) drank drunk

ring(铃响) rang rung

sing (唱) sang sung

swim(游泳)swam swum

blow(吹) blew blown

draw(画) drew drawn

fly(飞) flew flown

grow(生长) grew grown

know(知道) knew known

throw(投掷) threw thrown

show(出示) showed shown

break(打破) broke broken

choose(选择)chose chosen

forget(忘记)forgot forgotten (forgot)

speak(说,讲)spoke spoken

wake(醒) woke woke drive(驾驶) drove driven eat(吃) ate eaten fall(落下) fell fallen give(给) gave given rise(升高) rose risen take(取) took taken

mistake(弄错)mistook mistaken ride(骑) rode ridden write(写) wrote written do(做) did done go(去) went gone lie(平躺) lay lain see(看见) saw seen wear(穿) wore worn beat(跳动) beat beaten

高中英语不规则动词表

(根据高中英语教材和新课标词汇表整理)

动词原形 中文意思 过去式 过去分词 arise 出现 arose arisen

awake 醒来 awoke awaked / awoken baby-sit 临时照顾 baby-sat baby-sat be(am / is / are) 是 was / were been beat 击打 beat beaten

become 变成 became become

begin 开始 began begun

bend 使弯曲 bent bent

bet 赌 bet bet

bite 咬 bit bitten / bit

blow 吹 blew blown

break 打破 broke broken

bring 拿来 brought brought

build 建造 built built

burn 燃烧 burnt / burned burnt / burned buy 买 bought bought

can 能 could ×

cast 抛 cast cast

catch 捕捉 caught caught

choose 选择 chose chosen

come 来 came come

cost 花费 cost cost

cut 割 cut cut

deal 分配 dealt dealt

dig 挖 dug dug

do / does 做 did done

draw 画,拉,拖 drew drawn

dream 做梦 dreamed / dreamt dreamed / dreamt drink 喝 drank drunk

drive 驾驶 drove driven

eat 吃 ate eaten

fall 掉落 fell fallen

feed 喂 fed fed

feel 触摸 felt felt

fight 作战 fought fought

find 找出 found found

fly 飞 flew flown

forbid 禁止 forbade / forbad forbidden forget 忘记 forgot forgot / forgotten

forgive 原谅 forgave forgiven

freeze 结冰 froze frozen

get 得到 got got

give 给 gave given

go 去 went gone

grow 成长 grew grown

hang 挂 / 绞死 hung / hanged hung / hanged have / has 有 had had

hear 听到 heard heard

hide 隐藏 hid hidden / hid

hit 打 hit hit

hold 拿住 held held

hurt 受伤 hurt hurt

keep 保持 kept kept

know 知道 knew known

lay 放置 laid laid

lead 引导 led led

learn 学习 learnt / learned learnt / learned leave 离开 left left

lend 借贷 lent lent

let 让 let let

lie 躺 lay lain

light 点着 lit / lighted lit / lighted

lose 遗失 lost lost

make 制作 made made

may 可以 might ×

mean 表…意思 meant meant

meet 遇到 met met

mistake 误认 mistook mistaken

misunderstand 误会 misunderstood misunderstood pay 支付 paid paid

prove 证明 proved proved / proven

put 放置 put put

quit 放弃 quit / quitte quit / quitted

read 读 read read

rebuild 改建 rebuilt rebuilt

retell 复述 retold retold

rid 免除 rid / ridded rid / ridded

ride 骑 rode ridden

rise 上升 rose risen

run 跑 ran run

saw 锯 sawed sawed / sawn

say 说 said said

see 看 saw seen

seek 寻觅 sought sought

sell 卖 sold sold

send 送 / 寄 sent sent

set 安置 set set

sew 缝合 sewed sewn / sewed

shake 摇 shook shaken

shall 将 should ×

shine 发光 shone shone

擦亮 shined shined

shoot 放(炮) shot shot

show 显露 showed showed / shown

sing 唱歌 sang sung

sink 下沉 sank / sunk sunk / sunken

sit 坐 sat sat

sleep 睡 slept slept

smell 发出气味 smelt smelt

sow 种植 sowed sown / sowed

speak 说 spoke spoken

spell 拼写 spelt / spelled spelt / spelled

spend 花费 spent spent

spit 吐出 spat / spit spat / spit

spring 跳跃 sprang / sprung sprung

stand 站立 stood stood

steal 偷 stole stolen

sweep 打扫 swept swept

swim 游泳 swam swum

take 拿 took taken

teach 教 taught taught

tear 撕裂 tore torn

tell 告诉 told told

think 思考 thought thought

throw 投 / 扔 threw thrown

understand 了解 understood understood

wake 醒着 woke / waked waked / woken

wear 穿着 wore worn

wet 淋湿 wet / wetted wet / wetted

will 将 would ×

win 获胜 won won

write 书写 wrote written

高中英语不规则动词表

(根据2008高考英语大纲和新课标词汇表整理)

动词原形 中文意思 过去式

过去分词

arise 出现 arose arisen

awake 醒来 awoke awaked / awoken

baby-sit * 临时照顾 baby-sat

baby-sat

be(am/is/are) 是 was / were

been

beat 击打 beat beaten

become 变成 became become

begin 开始 began begun

bend 使弯曲 bent bent

bet 赌 bet bet

bite 咬 bit bitten / bit

blow 吹 blew blown

break 打破 broke broken

bring 拿来 brought brought

broadcast 广播 broadcast/broadcasted

broadcast/broadcasted

build 建造 built built

burn 燃烧 burnt / burned burnt / burned

buy 买 bought bought

can 能 could ×

cast 抛 cast cast

catch 捕捉 caught caught

choose 选择 chose chosen

come 来 came come

cost 花费 cost cost

cut 割 cut cut

deal 分配 dealt dealt

dig 挖 dug dug

do / does 做 did done

draw 画,拉,拖 drew drawn

dream 做梦 dreamt / dreamed

dreamt / dreamed

drink 喝 drank drunk

drive 驾驶 drove driven

eat 吃 ate eaten

fall 掉落 fell fallen

feed 喂 fed fed

feel 触摸 felt felt

fight 作战 fought fought

find 找出 found found

( found 建立 founded

founded )

fly 飞 flew flown

forbid 禁止 forbade / forbad

forbidden

forget 忘记 forgot forgotten / forgot

forgive 原谅 forgave forgiven

freeze 结冰 froze frozen

get 得到 got got

give 给 gave given

go 去 went gone

grow 成长 grew grown

hang 悬挂 hung hung

绞死 hanged hanged

have / has 有 had had

hear 听到 heard heard

hide 隐藏 hid hidden / hid

hit 打 hit hit

hold 拿住 held held

hurt 受伤 hurt hurt

keep 保持 kept kept

know 知道 knew known

lay 铺,放,下蛋 laid laid

lead 引导 led led

learn 学习 learnt / learned learnt / learned

How,How a,What What a之间的区别

主要表现在感叹句中的区别,感叹句是表达喜、怒、哀、乐以及惊奇、惊讶等强烈感情的句子。感叹句通常由 what 或 how 引导。现分述如下:

一 . 由 what 引导的感叹句,其句子结构可分为以下三种:

1. 可用句型:“ What + a/an +形容词+可数名词单数+主语+谓语!”。如:

What a nice present it is! 它是一件多么好的礼物啊!

What an interesting book it is! 它是一本多么有趣的书啊!

2. 可用句型:“ What +形容词+可数名词复数+主语+谓语!”。如:

What beautiful flowers they are! 多么漂亮的花啊!

What good children they are! 他们是多么好的孩子啊!

3. 可用句型:“ What +形容词+不可数名词+主语+谓语!”。如:

What fine weather it is today! 今天天气多好啊!

What important news it is! 多重要的新闻啊!

二 . 由 how 引导的感叹句,其句子结构也分为三种:

1. 可用句型:“ How +形容词 / 副词+主语+谓语!”。如:

How careful she is! 她多么细心啊!

How fast he runs! 他跑得多快啊!

2. 可用句型:“ How +形容词+ a/an +可数名词单数+主语+谓语!”。如:

How beautiful a girl she is! 她是个多么漂亮的姑娘啊!

3. 可用句型:“ How +主语+谓语!”。如:

How time flies! 光阴似箭!

由 what 引导的感叹句与由 how 引导的感叹句有时可以转换,但句中部分单词的顺序要有所变化。如:

How beautiful a girl she is! = What a beautiful girl she is!

What delicious cakes these are! = How delicious these cakes are!

结构:

How +形容词+ a +名词+ 陈述语序

How+形容词或副词+ 陈述语序

What +名词+ 陈述语序

What+a+形容词+名词+ 陈述语序

What+ 形容词+复数名词+ 陈述语序

What+ 形容词+不可数名词+ 陈述语序

如:

How clever a boy he is!

How lovely the baby is!

What noise they are making!

What a clever boy he is!

What wonderful ideas (we have)!

What cold weather it is!

感叹句的省略形式为:

What a clever boy (he is)!

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