Napoleon Bonaparte,An outstanding strategist
Napoleon Bonaparte,The French First Republic of the ruling、Emperor of the French First Empire.He is an outstanding military genius.He is a great personality.Although finally failed,but he is not weak.
He was Born in 1769 in Corsica.His family is a Italy aristocracy.In father Carlo Bonaparte arrangements.When he was 10,he Was sent for military education.He has great strength.He Graduated with honors in 1784.He was sent to the Royal Academy of the French Army,and learning the artillery.His character is temperament.1785 graduation, he only 16 years old, began when the lieutenant in the army.This is his success element.
Four years later, the outbreak of the French Revolution, the newly established Government of France within a few years been involved in the war with several foreign powers of the rapids. God bestow the first time Napoleon comes to his command Baodui Toulon in the 1793 siege warfare, from the hands of the French military and the British recovered Toulon. At this point he has given up his Corsican nationalist ideology, and to see themselves as French. He surrounded war in Toulon made the exploits; was promoted to Brigadier, in 1796 and was promoted to army commander in Italy and France. From 1796 to 1797, Napoleon in Italy won a series of brilliant victory, and then return to Paris as heroes. He became very fearful.
1798 Napoleon's challenge of Egypt led by the French military, and this set off been disastrous. Although Napoleon's army in the land has been made on the overall victory, but Nelson led the British Navy destroyed the French fleet. 1799 Napoleon abandoned his army in Egypt and returned to France.
Napoleon returned to France found that people can still remember that he directed the successful war Italy rather than set off Egypt's defeat. Napoleon use of this advantage, and after a month of the rain Abeixi and others launched a coup, was proclaimed a new government - the bailiff, he was appointed the first Government to govern. Although Napoleon auspices to formulate a comprehensive constitution and the people voted for, but he is only one of the military dictatorship of the pay mask, he quickly overcame the coup in the other accomplices.
So Napoleon SUPERFATE alarming rate. August 1793 siege warfare in Toulon before he is only a nameless Shubei, a 24-year-old non-French descent small entirely officer less than six years later, at the age of 30, he became France argued no monarch, he Monarchs in the throne sit in a more than 14.
Napoleon was in power during the French administrative and legal system has undergone major reforms. He reform of France's financial structure and the judicial system; founder of the Bank of France and the French University; France implemented the centralized system. Although each of these reforms on France itself has an important and in some ways is a lasting impact, but the rest of the world countries do not have any impact. Only the impact on the internal.
However, the reforms undertaken by Napoleon in a positive and far more than the French border, which is the Creation of the French Civil Code, the famous "Napoleonic
Code." The code in many ways embodied the ideal of the French Revolution. For example, in front of everyone without descent Code privileges, in equality before the Code. At the same time code with past French law and customs similar enough to make the French public and the legal profession had to accept the degree. In short, the Code of sound appropriate, coherent clear, concise, it is boasted praise. Code not only in France which has been implemented (the French Civil Law and today the original "Code Napoleon" obvious similarity), and the partial amendment also used by many other countries. Napoleon has always advocated the principle that we are the defenders of the revolution. But in 1804 Napoleon was officially declared itself to the French emperor, but also for his three brothers in other countries in Europe received the most. He these acts undoubtedly caused some resentment France Republicans - they think that this behavior is the French revolutionary ideals and the complete betrayal - but Napoleon faced by the only serious difficulties come from external war.
1802 Napoleon in Amiens and the United Kingdom signed a peace treaty, so France, after more than 10 years after the war a succession of have a breathing space of the machine. But the following year, the peace treaty was torn up, the United Kingdom and France and the Allies in a series between the long-term war. Although Napoleon's army on the land and continue to win, but it does not defeat the British Navy will not be able to conquer Britain. 1805 Napoleon Shiyunbuji, Tefalajia promontory in a decisive battle, the British navy formidable, and achieved complete success, since the United Kingdom has been made basically the control of the sea. Although Napoleon only in Trafalgar Jiahai Kok six weeks after the war broke Austrian Russian forces, made glorious victory, but not really for his major that the Navy's defeat.
1808 Napoleon foolish to make French involvement in the Iberian peninsula on a long-term objective without war, the French military for many years is in trouble. But Napoleon cast fatal big mistake is that he levy Russian war. 1807 Napoleon met with the Russian Czar, signed Tyre Belfast agreement, and vowed to establish a permanent friendship. But such alliances have begun to emerge in a vicious split, in 1812 Napoleon's invasion of Russia army.
The outcome of the war is well known. Russian troops under normal circumstances avoid war against Napoleon carried out. So he was able to quickly attack, in September had occupied Moscow. However, the Russian contingent from the point of the fire filled almost to the whole city reduced to ashes. Napoleon in Moscow for five weeks, the sum hopes evaporated, and then finally decided to withdraw, but it was too late. Russian army to be the Plaza, ruthless Russian winter, the French military supply shortage, which all the immediate aftermath of the French soldiers alarming, Luanzuoyiqiu, trampled on each other, the results can also fled alive less than 10%.
Other European countries such as Austria and Prussia recognize now is that they rule out the Miao, France opportunity. Their rendezvous attack Napoleon. Napoleon in 1813 compared to the Battle of tin and was a devastating frustration. The following year he announced the resignation was banished to a small island to the coast of Italy - Elba
In 1815 he fled from the French island of Elba, he popular in France, the success of the revival. Other European powers immediately vowed to revive him after 100 days in Waterloo was the ultimate failure. Waterloo of Napoleon by the British after the war imprisoned in the South Atlantic, a small island - on the island of St. Helena in 1821, died of cancer where dead.His life has a lot of conflict.But h e accomplish his anticipate.