解这类题目的要求：先通读下面的短文， 掌握其大意，然后根据短文内容和所给首 字母，在空格内填入一个适当的词，使短 文意思完整。完成后再通读文章，考虑所 填词的形式：动词要考虑时态；名词要考 虑单复数的变化；形容词要考虑变副词或 比较等级的变化；数词要考虑基数词与序 数词的变化。
一） Do you like reading? Reading is an in interesting thing to do i_______your free way time and is also a good w______to become a better student. You are learning large words numbers of new w______from reading. This can help you to have a bigger and If richer vocabulary(词汇). I_______ you read a lot, you will meet with many new words that you would not often use in everyday life improve l______ . Reading often also helps i_____ your writing because new words can be used in your compositions.
reason Another good r______to read books is that the story can take your mind to new places and become help you b______more open-minded. Each story you read is different. This gets your mind m______ wide. When you read books, you have h______to think over the background and persons and think of new and exciting people and places.
二）A storm dropped heavy rains on central and southern parts of China. The radio says that Along a_____ the Xiangjiang River in Hunan, rain floods caused by terrible r___ in the past weeks killed 25 people and 13 others were missing.The Chinese Government wwarned ___ some parts in Yunnan and the city of Chongqing of possible heavy rains over the next few days.In Changsha water levels rose ( 水位上升 ) to 38 metres early Monday morning, about 3 metres a above the danger ____ line.
In Guangdong, at least 21 people have been l__ killed, while three were badly hurt and seven b__ after went missing a ___ heavy floods hit northern parts by Saturday. The cities of Shaoguan, Meizhou and Heyuan were hardest hit and w___ many people were left homeless.About 620 million yuan has been lost in the floods. Guangdong has sent something useful to u___ Meizhou, Heyuan and Shaoguan to help the people who had lost homes b___ their homes build again.
三）Traveling to all corners of the world gets easier and easier, but how do we know and understand u________ each other? Here is a simple test. Imagine you will hold a m_______ at four meeting o?clock, what time should you e_____ your expect foreign business friends to come? If they?re arrive German, they will a______ on time. If they are American, they?ll probably be fifteen minutes early. If they are British, they?ll be fifteen minutes late. The British seemed to think since the English l_______ was language widely used in the world, what they did was certain to be widely understood.
found Very soon they f_______ they were example completely wrong. For e ______ , the British are happy to have a business lunch and discuss business matters with a drink
during the meal; the Japanese p prefer not _____ to work while eating. Lunch is a time for each them to relax and get to know e _______ other, and they don?t drink at lunch. The before Germans like to talk business b ______ dinner; the French like to eat first and talk afterwards. They have to be well fed and watered before they discuss anything.
四） Until 1871, everyone in England played football for fun. Then someone had the idea giving of g__ a beautiful cup to the best team each year. The Football Association(足球协 agreed 会) a___ . It made rules for its teams. Today in the FA Cup, teams play against a ____ each other until there is only one team left, the winning team. The wwinners get the Cup. ___ Any team, large or small, important, in or out the association, can play, but it is very hard /difficult h/d_________ to get the Cup.
called /named The FA Cup is often just c/n ____ “the Cup”. There are other cups (like the League Cup, for example), but “the Cup” always means the “big one”. To win it is as good as winning the League, perhaps even better . b __ At the end of the game, one team is best of all. The players stand there in front f ___ of many people, sometimes more than fifty thousand, and one by one, each of the eleven members of the team holds. It is one of the great moments of England football.
五） It is s said that e-schoolbags are going ___ to be brought into use in Chinese middle schools soon. In fact, the e-schoolbag perhaps should be called an e-textbook. It is a small c computer ___ for students. Heavy schoolbags have long been a serious p problem for them. But the ___ e-schoolbag will change everything. It is much l lighter than a usual schoolbag. Also it ___ is as small as a usual book, but it can still hold the things f for study, such as a textbook, an __ exercise-book and s __so on.
made They can be m ____ into chips (芯片) that are as small as a stamp. The students can read the text page by page on the screen, take notes, or even send e-mails to their teachers. All they have to do is to put the right chip into the e-schoolbag and p press ____ a button. Some say that an e-textbook can be easily broken; some say it is not good for students? e eyes . But only time will t ____ _____ . tell
developing 六） Xuzhou is d_______ quickly. Every day thousands of t_______ come to visit it , tourists act so we should a______ well to show that both the city and its people are l______. In lovely order to be lovely Xuzhounese , we should always be r______ to help others . We ready s_______ speak loudly in public places or shouldn?t throw t_______ litter on the ground. I want to b______ a lovely Xuzhounese. I am now be studying h_______ and getting ready for the hard future f______.
七） British Milkman Steve Leech saved some shops and flats（公寓）with milk and won a National Bravery Award（国家勇敢 奖）.Leech, 35 years old, said that when he was sending our milk as uusual ____
along Pine Street, he s suddenly heard a loud, strange sound ____ behind him and then he saw smoke coming out of a shop in Cornwall, southern England. “That must be a fire. I t thought ,”Leech said. “Then I _____ quickly d____ to do something. decided
So I p pushed the door in and then I s shouted the ___ __ for people inside. Then I started pouring milk e everywhere He used 320 pints milk to stop the _____ .” fire. When firefighters r reached the shop, the ___ fire was under control（得到控制）. Leech helped save the l lives of eight people in ___ the flats above the shops. “It was hard work o opening all those bottles. But ____ it was even harder trying to tell my boss where all the milk had gone,” Leech said jokingly （风趣）.
八） Mark lived in a village far away. One day he became very ill and everyone die thought he would d____ soon. They ssent ___ for a doctor. Two days l_____ the doctor late looked came and l_____ over the sick man. The asked doctor a____ for a pen and some paper to write down the name of the medicine. But or there was no pen o____ paper in the village, because no one could write.The doctor picked p______ up a piece of burnt wood from the fire and wrote the name of the medicine on the door of the house.
“Get this medicine for him,”he said,“and he well will soon get w_____.”Mark?s family and friends did not know what to do. They could not read the strange words w_____.Then a had young man h____ an idea. He took off the door of the house, put it on his carriage（马 车）and drove to the nearest hospital. He bought the medicine there ,and Mark was soon well again.
九) The bike is one of the most useful iinvent ions ___ . Fifty years ago, man r rode on a heavy and __ dangerous type of bike with a rather large wheel in the front and small one in the b back _____ . Then the bike with two wheels of the same s____ was invented. But riding size such on s ____ a bike was quite uncomfortable as the tyres (轮胎) were m made of solid ____ rubber.
Later, a c clever man discovered the use of airfilled tyres and this helped to make the bike what it is today. In China, many people c choose to use bikes __ for short j journey . But a f few ___ people __ have even used bikes for long distance traveling.
十） Do you know Sweden？It l lies __in the north of Europe．It is the fourth largest country in Europe with an area of 450，000 square kilometers and a p _____of populationabout 8．5 million．Over one third of them live in the three largest cities，namely Stockholm ， Goteborg and Malmo． More than half of Sweden is c __with covered is one of the r ___countries trees．It richest world．About 100 years ago Sweden became in the industrialized（工业化）． Today less than one third farmers of the people are f _ ． Sweden is the country where the world-fam ous Nobel Prizes（诺贝尔奖）are awarded．
Many people who have been to Stockholm ， the c capital of Sweden，m
ust have visited the places where Nobel Prizes are awarded． The first language of Sweden is Swedish．English is the first f foreign language in schools．Many middle-school students can s speak two to three languages．Most of the Swedish people， men and women ，o old and young， can speak English． So there is no p problem to speak with them in English．
十一）Some people say that laughter is the best medicine．Scientists are beginning to agree __with this．They are a ／it studying laughter______seriously and are l/i now ffinding ___it is really good for us． So what happens w ____we laugh？We use when fifteen different muscles in our face， and laughing is good ___for every organ in our g body．When ／As ___we laugh，we breathe w/a _ quickly and exercise the face，shoulders and chest．
blood ___pressure goes down， and our Our b circulation gets better． Every minute we laugh is the same as forty-five minutes of relaxation．Many doctors around the world t/b/s ／believe ／say think ____ ___that laughter helps us get better when we are sick． Of course， t there __are many kinds of laughter．We may change the way we laugh in different situations．But we all h have ___a laugh that is special to us．How do you usually laugh？
十二） The car was invented just a century ago a_____. The first car was i____ not by a invented American German , but ___3_ by an A______. . His name is Henry Ford .Henry was born in a poor family . When he was a boy, he became b______ interested in fixing (修理) watches and machines. When he was twelve, his mother died .After that , during the day he for worked in a machine shop f____ $2.50 a week , and in the evening he mended watches for $1.50 a week .
made The hard work m______ him strong and able . At that time there was another interest in the life of the young Ford . He wanted to make a machine ,it could run w_______ horses . without He worked hard and in April 1893, the “horseless car” was finished , it was the first car. Later , Henry Ford f_______ the Ford founded Company (福特汽车公司). He was really inventor the first i________ of the car in the world
十三） Last May I stayed in Santo Lusa for a week. That was my fFirst _____ trip there. One morning I sstarted out to visit a famous _____ museum, but I didn?t know w which way ______ to go, so I stopped a stranger and asked, “Excuse me, does this street lead to the Grand Museum ?”“Yes,” he answered, “ Go along this street and turn left at the second crossing. You can?t m miss it.”So I w _____ walked ______ two blocks and turned to my left, but the museum w wasn?t there. _____
Then I asked a second stranger. He said, “ Go along this street and turn left at the second again crossing.” But a _______ I couldn?t find the museum. I asked a third stranger and he said the same thing.This time I found the Grand Museum. Just then s someone walked ______ up and said, “Excuse me, where?s
the nearest n_________ bank ?” I answered q quickly , _____ “Go along this street and turn left at the second crossing!”
十四） Have you ever asked yourself why children go to school? You will probably say that they go to school to learn languages, geography, history, science and many other Subjects . That is s ______ quite what q_______ true. But w______ do they learn these things for? And are these things all that they learn at school?We send s______ our children to school to get ready for their future work and life. Many of these things they study at school are useful in their why life, but is that the only reason w_______ they go to school?There is more in education than c______ just learning facts.
We go to school above all to learn how to learn or teach ourselves, so that when we finish our schooling, we can go on l______ . If a man really learning knows how to learn, he will always be more successful s_______, because when he has to do something new, he will quickly teach himself how to do it in best the b_______ way. The uneducated person, on the other hand, is e_______ unable to do it, or does it either badly. So the purpose of modern education is not only to learn languages, geography, history, science and many other subjects, but to teach students the way to learn.
十五） What you speak ,write a letter,make a telephone c call ______ ,your words take a message.People communication(交流) with words. Do you think you can communicate w_______ without words? A smile on your face s______ you are shows happy and friendly.Tears in your eyes tell others that you are sad. When you put up your h______ hand in calss,the teacher knows you want to say or something o______ ask questions. You shake your head,and people know you are saying “No.” You nod (点头)and people know you are saying “Yes.” Other things can also carry massages . For m_____ example,a sign at the bus stop helps you know which bus to t take ____ . A sign on the wall of your school helps you to find the library.
whether Sign on doors tell you w _______ to go in or go out. Have you noticed that there are a lot of signs(标志) a around you and that you r___ __ ______ receive messages from them in no time? People can communicate in many other w ways ______ . An artist can use his drawings to tell about b beautiful ________ mountains, about the sea and many other things.Books a also _______ tell you about all the wonderful things in the world and w write about ____ people and their ideas. Books,magazines,TVs, radios and films all help us to communicate with others.They all help us to know what is going on what in the world and w _____ other people are thinking about.
十六）When women get married in some western names countries, they change part of their n_______. That is, they take their husband's last names as theirs t_______.Miss Surrey r________ to teach in returned September after she got married. She told the firstcall grade students that they
were to c_______ her Miss White. Most of the s_______ were the ones students she had taught before, and quite a few of them looked confused (困惑的).When school was over in the a_______, a girl went home and told her afternoon teacher mother, "We have a new t_______, Mum. Her H______ name is Mrs White, but she l_______ looks much like Miss Surrey so m______ that it will be very difficult to tell one from the other.
十七） Why do we learn English? This is an interesting question for us to t______ about. think(talk) more We all know that m______ people speak Chinese in the world than English. But Chinese is spoken l_______ outside China. little English is spoken in many c_______, not countries only in the United Kingdom, the United states, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, but also in India, Singapore, the Philippines, some Malaysia and s_______ other places.
widely English is the most w_______ used language in the world. There are a______ about 750,000,000 English speakers in the world. As we have seen, even though English does not have the greatest n______ of speakers in number useful the world, it is one of the most u______ languages in the world. English is just like a bridge b______ between countries in the world.
十八） Doctors tell us that holidays are necessary. We should rest from w______ for a week or two work weeks every year. If it is possible, they say, we leave should l_______ our homes and go to another away p______ of the country. We should go a_______ part for holiday. Then, after the holiday, we r_______ return home fresh and strong and ready for another y_______ of work. This seems to be true for year most adults(成年人) but not for a________. Some all people do not like leaving their homes to stay in places strange p_______. For young children it is untrue. They do not like a sudden change in their l______. lives They like their homes b____ ___of all. best
十九） Western country music is very old. It came from the United States, Canada, Ireland, and Great Britain. It is a mixture ( 混合 ) of music f from all ____ of these places. In the west of America, cowboys had to take c care ______ of the cattle(cows). They had to watch them all day and all night because the cattle were nervous and sometimes ran a away . A ____ cowboy's life was l_______ and dangerous. When he lonely was alone in the desert with the cattle, he drank strong coffee to stay awake at night. He also sang music to the cattle to make them q quiet ______ . Of course, the cowboys also sang music when they t _____ to town travelled/traveled to relax and have a good time.
In the south of America, many people came from Ireland. Scotland, and England. Other people came from France. Canada. They e ______ their enjoyed own kind of mu- When they visited their sic. holidays friends and families on h_______ like Thanksgiving and Christmas, they usually sang and played country music.Western country music describes life. It talks about love, j jobs/jou
rneys ______ , home and money. It talks about friends and enemies, farms and crops. People in many parts of the world like western country music b______ because everyone knows something about these ideas.
more 二十） There is nothing m__________ important that the sun. Without the sun all die living things on the earth will d________ . The sun is a start. In the sky there are t_______ of stars like the sun. They are as thousands large l_______ as the sun and as h______ as the hot sun. At night you can see m_______ stars, many but in the day-time you can only see one much star, the sun. The sun is m______ nearer to us than any other star.
That is why it looks the biggest and brightest of all the stars. The distance(距离) of the sun from the earth is as much as 150 million kilometres k________ . Most of the stars are thousands of light years (光年) a_______ from the away earth. Do you know light year? Nothing in the world t________ faster than light. It travels travels 300,000 kilometres a second. And one light year is the distance that light travels in one year.
二一） On Thursday, there were n________classes no in LinYi's class. They worked o________a farm. on They wanted to help the f________pick apples. farmers near The farm was not n_________, so they go there by bus. There are some foreign students in the class. Some c_________from Canada, and some are come from f________England and America. Now they are singing and t________ on the bus. They are happy talking b________ they like picking apples. And they can because fly swim in the river and f_________ kites near it after a_________ work.
二二） There's one language used in every country. People, young and old, short and often tall, thin and fat, use it very o_____ ___. It is everybody's s______ ___ language. It is second understand very easy to u_____ __. It is sign (手势) language. When you wave your hand in saying the street, you are s____ ___ "hello" to your up friend. When you put u_____ __ your hand in class, you are telling the teacher that you know the r_______ ___ answer. right
policeman When a p_____ __ wants to stop cars or buses, he raises his hand. He is using sign useful language. Sign language is more u______ __ in quiet places. For example, when you are s_______ __ with your friends, you can swimming under have a talk u_____ __ water by using sign language.
二三） The seasons in Australia are not like o________. When it is winter in China, it is ours summer southern s_______ there. Australia is a s_______ country. It is in the south of the world. A very no large part of the country has n______ rain at all. The east coast has rain all the year. There are no dry m_______ there. The southeast winds months bring blow b______ all the year. They b______ rain from the sea. There is not much rain on the west side .
The southeast part of Australia has summer rain from the southeast winds. They only blow here southwest in summer. The s______ part of Austr
alia has winter rain. The west winds blow over the southwest in winter only. In summer the southwest of the country has no rain. In the north of Australia there i_______no rain in is winter. The rain c_______ in summer. The comes northwest winds bring it.
二四）Students learn their lessons in class. They sit listening in the classroom l________ to the teacher. This is a way of learning. Is this the o________ way for only students to learn? Of course not. There is another way to learn. That is students can teach themselves. example For e________ , if you cannot remember something when you are doing your homework, what will you do? You can look at your book to find f_______ the answer. How to teach yourself? The first thing you must do is reading. Read something interested you are i________ in, or you have to read.
The second is that you must ask yourself questions. A clever student is usually good g_______ at asking questions. The third is to thinking answer the questions yourself by t________ hard, by reading books, and sometimes by other asking o________ people. These are the ways of teaching yourself. If you keep doing all _a_______ these for a long time, you are sure success to have great s__________ in your study.
二五） The idea of owning his own house is very close to an Englishman's heart. He usually wants a home with five or six rooms r________ and a garden. And he is ready r_______ for spending a good part of his for adult life paying f_______ such a house. He has to pay a certain amount of (一定数 money 量的) m_______ each week or each month for twenty or thirty years.
long Then, when those l_______ years have passed his p_______, the house is h_______; and he has paid more than twice the price for it. But he is still a happy owner a_______ a and happy man. The value (价值) of his home is greater very much g_______ than it was when he bought first b_______ it.
二六) A: Betty, we haven't been out for over a month. Let's go s somewhere _________ this evening. B: Fine. Where would you like to go? To see a film or to watch a play? new A: A n _____ play is on this week. Let's go and watch it, shall we? B: The newspaper said it was the w worst ______ play of the year. A: How about the film "World Without Thieves"? That should be e enjoyable/exciting ____________. B: We've already seen it. Don't you r ______? remember
A: T Then _______ let's go to the neighbourhood cinema. The film "Not One Less" is o on ______. start B: Good. What time does it s ______ ? A: 15 minutes ago. We just missed it. B: Well, I guess a all _____ we can do is to stay home and watch TV. A: Now it will take me another month to get interested you i ________ in going out.
二七) A new world champion(冠军) has been born. After his 18th birthday, Ding Junhui b beat _____ Stephen Hendry, a seventime world champion，9-5 and won first prize at last. This was the first time a C Chinese ______ has won a major snooker(斯诺克) family champion. Di
ng was born in an o ______ family in the city of Yixing, Jiangsu. He s started ________ to play snooker at the age of eight.
By the time he was 10, n nobody in the city _____ could play better than him. Then his father wanted to let Ding make snooker his career(职业). Two years l later , his family ___ moved to Dongguan of Guangdong, a city n near ______ Hong Kong, where snooker is more p popular . To help him, the family _____ sold eeverything , even their small house. _____ Luckily, Ding has been successful and the p pride ______ of the Chinese people now. Ding has created（创造）history.
new 二八) Adidas invented the world?s _n______ smart (智能的) shoes called “Adidas I”. They since have been put on sale (销售) s_____ April 1st. The company hopes that the new “Adidas I” will be popular with people. But they also worry whether people can afford it. Adidas says it takes them three years to make m______ the new shoes. The “Adidas I” has a machine inside. It can adjust (调节) the shoes runners to the r_______.
It can decide whether the shoes are too soft or Batteries firm (紧的). B________ in the shoes can be Users good for 100 hours of running. U_____ can turn the shoes off to save battery life. When off, they're just like other sports shoes. first Adidas' new shoes are the f_________ invention in the US sports business.
二九) The most important drink is water．Not many people understand this but it is quite true．People can l live ___ for a long time withthout food，but they will die if two or three days w without ____ water．In h hot ___ weather，many people do not drink e enough water， ___ because they don?t know how much water they n need ____．
After taking exercise，people need more w water ．The water in the man?s body is m much____more than other matters(物 质)．We?d b better ___ have enough water， or we may get i11． Water is necessary to all the living things．“There will be no life ___ if there l is no water·” So we must save water and don?t w waste ___ water．
三十) Two friends were walking through a journey desert( 沙漠 ). During the j_________they had a quarrel, and one hit the other in the face.The one who got hit felt t________ because he was badly terrible hurt, but he wrote in the sand, w_______ saying without anything, “Today my best friend hit me in the until face.”They kept on walking u_______ they found an oasis（绿洲）, where they decided to have a swim. The one who had been hit got in trouble in sinking the water and started s_________ . His life was in danger but the friend saved him at once.After he himself came to h________ , he wrote on a stone, “Today my best friend saved my life.”
The friend who had hit and saved him asked, “After I hurt you, you wrote in the sand and now you write on the stone. Why?”He replied r_______, “When someone hurts us, we where should write it down in the sand w_______ winds of forgiveness（
宽恕）can erase it something away. But when someone does s_______ good for us, we must write it on the stone where wind can hardly erase it.”Learn to write your hurts in the sand and to write thanks your t_________ on the stone.
三一) Only Mother Love is true love . It gives everybody everything all h his ___ life. When _ you are still a baby, mother takes good care of you as p possible ____.In your w waking hours she _ ___ always holds you in her arms. When you are ill, she stops her work right now to look after you day and night a and ___ forgets about herself. When you are growing up day b by ___day, she feels very happy. When you are old enough to go to school, mother still looks after you all the time. On cold winter days, she always tells you to put on more clothes. She always stands in the wind w waiting ______ for you back from school.
When you hurry to leave home for school with little breakfast, she you back from school. When you hurry to leave home for school with little breakfast, she always feels w worried about you ___ at home. She usually knows about your study and spends much money on your school things. When you do well at school, you will see the brightest smile on her face. Mother is always ready to give everything she h has ____ to her children, n not _____ to receive. What true love that is in the w world ____! We will remember Mother Love for ever!
三二) A rich man named Richard Ellis had been counting his money. When he finished， he carelessly 1eft a $ 100 bill on his desk. But when he r__ ____ for it a short while returned Only later，it was gone.O______ two persons could have seen the bill.0ne was the maid; the other was the butler. The maid told him that she thought it was not a s______ safe on the desk and had placed it under a green book. But when they looked，the bill was not there. The butler said he had found the 1eft bill where the maid had l_______ it.
He had put it inside the book. Where he thought there was less c_____ that chance somebody would find it. He had written down the numbers so that he would not forget f________ them. The bill was between pages p_______ 35 and 36，he said. But when money they looked there was no m________ in the book. stories After hearing their s_______ ，he called the police. It was c___________ to him that clear/certain who had taken the money.