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Organization and Requirements

发布时间:2013-11-25 13:03:02  

Drug Addiction(Psychology 451)

Course Objectives,

Organization, & Requirements

Copyright 2005 Dr. Michael A. Bozarth, Department of Psychology, State University of New York at Buffalo

?Attitude & Subjective Appraisal?Concepts & Terminology?Analytical Methods

?Factual Knowledge

?Overview of fundamental concepts

?Detailed examination of two prototypical drug classes

?psychomotor stimulants (e.g., cocaine)?opiates (e.g., heroin)

?Emphasis on biological mechanisms?Possible generalization to some other addictive drugs

?Not covered in the course

?many psychoactive drugs

?marijuana

?MDMA (ecstasy)

?hallucinogens

?alcohol

?nicotine & caffeine

?diagnosis & treatment of addiction?possible nonchemical “addictions”

?Introductory Psychology

?conditioning & learning theory

?biological mechanisms of behavior

?Research Methods & Statistics

?experimental design

?principles of scientific inference

?Biopsychology or Behavioral Neuroscience

?Survey course/module on Drug Abuse or equivalent background

?Assigned readings (primary learning ‘tool’)

?Lecture (mostly Q & A with mini lectures)?Discussions (limited to main themes)?Some videos (introductory case studies)?Possible laboratory demonstrations?Class attendance essential

?Internet access mandatory

?Textbook installments available at Jacob’s Copy Center throughout the semester?availability announced in class

?chapter study guides are available online?readings must be completed meetingbeforeclass ?Online material (see course home page)?Reserve list at UGL

?Student is responsible for ‘mastering’ the material and asking questions for clarification

?Based on three exams administered during regularly scheduled class periods?grades are not“curved” but based on absolute grading criteria (A-= 90%, B-= 80%, etc.)

?major emphasis on readings and lecture material but material discussed in class may also be included as well as material from the Discussion List

?make-up exams allowed only under exceptional circumstances and with prior approval of the instructor and with written documentation

?This is an upper level (elective) psychology course that places responsibility for ‘learning’ largely on the student

?The course becomes progressively more difficult for most students

?later concepts build on earlier concepts?more material to learn, more difficult reading (e.g., details & level of analysis)?more biological orientation

?Past course grades

?average “C+”

?40 to 48% “A’s & B’s”

?a few students have managed perfect or near perfect exam scores (even on Exam #3)

http://wings.buffalo.edu/aru/

PSY451syl.htm

What’s the course about???

?What does the term “addiction” mean?

What’s the course about???

?What does the term “addiction” mean??What drugs are considered addictive by this definition?

What’s the course about???

?What does the term “addiction” mean??What drugs are considered addictive by this definition?

?What does the term “drug abuse” mean?

What’s the course about???

?What does the term “addiction” mean??What drugs are considered addictive by this definition?

?What does the term “drug abuse” mean??What drugs are considered abused by this definition?

What’s the course about???

?What does the term “addiction” mean??What drugs are considered addictive by this definition?

?What does the term “drug abuse” mean??What drugs are considered abused by this definition?

?What does the term “dependence” mean?

What’s the course about???

?What does the term “addiction” mean??What drugs are considered addictive by this definition?

?What does the term “drug abuse” mean??What drugs are considered abused by this definition?

?What does the term “dependence” mean??What are some examples of dependence?

?addiction: to use compulsively or uncontrollably; to enslave

?addiction: to use compulsively or uncontrollably; to enslave

?abuse: to use wrongly or improperly

?addiction: to use compulsively or uncontrollably; to enslave

?abuse: to use wrongly or improperly?habit: a constant, often unconscious, inclination to perform some act, acquired through its frequent repetition

?addiction: to use compulsively or uncontrollably; to enslave

?abuse: to use wrongly or improperly?habit: a constant, often unconscious, inclination to perform some act, acquired through its frequent repetition

?addiction liability/potential: the tendency to develop/produce an addiction

?dependence: state of being determined, influenced, or controlled by something else; subordination to someone or something needed or greatly desired; required for normal physiological or psychological function

?physical/physiologic/physiological

?psychological/psychic

?Compare the course title/subject matter (i.e., Drug Addiction) vs.the National Institute on Drug Abuse

?Therein lies the difference --this course is about drug addiction not drug abuse

?Addiction potential is a property of . . . ?the drug?

?Addiction potential is a property of . . . ?the drug?

?the individual?

?Addiction potential is a property of . . . ?the drug?

?the individual?

?the situation/circumstances (e.g., social setting?)

?Addiction potential is a property of . . . ?the drug?

?the individual?

?the situation/circumstances (e.g., social setting?)?The common factor that has been identified is the drug

?Some important characteristic of a drug’s action is critically involved in producing an addition

?Attempts to identify personality characteristics, social environment, etc. have been far less successful than identifying common characteristics of drug action

?Determine characteristics of addiction

?Determine characteristics of addiction?Refine definitions of addiction?typical characteristics

?defining attributes

?Determine characteristics of addiction?Refine definitions of addiction?typical characteristics

?defining attributes

?Develop scientific understanding of addiction

?behavioral processes

?biological mechanisms

Addictive drugs take a horrific toll on humanity?personal

?social

?economic?

?But addictive drugs also provide probes for understanding brain function

?addictive drugs provide a tool for probing the mind and its underlying neurochemical and neuroanatomical basisFrom Smith et al., 1998.From Bozarth, 1987.

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