haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 幼儿教育 > 少儿英语少儿英语

音标-英语单词发音规则(超全)

发布时间:2013-11-26 08:01:08  

英语单词发音规则

一、元音字母在重读音节中的读音

元音字母

a 在开音节中

在闭音节中

在开音节中

在闭音节中

在开音节中

在闭音节中

在开音节中

在闭音节中

在开音节中

在闭音节中 读 音 [ei] [?] [i:] [e] [ai] [i] 例 词 name plane Jane baby cake bag dad hat map black back he these me Chinese bed let pen desk yes egg bike fly drive time nice kite fish big drink sit milk swim e i o [?u] those close go hoe home no [?] clock not box shop sock u [ju:] student excuse duty Tuesday

[Λ] bus cup jump much lunch

在开音节中,元音字母u在辅音字母j l r s后面时读[u:]音,例如:ruler super

三、元音字母在重读音节中的特殊读音

元音字母

a在[w]音后面 读 音 [?] 例 词 want what watch wash quality

after plant graph ask grasp glass fast father

find child light high a在f n sk ph sp ss st th前[α:] i在-nd -ld和gh前

o在-st -ld前

o在m n v th前

[ai] [ou] most postcard old cold [Λ] come monkey love mother

(英语单词发音规则表 第 1 页 共 7 页)

二、元音字母在非重读音节中的读音

元音字母

a 读 音 [?]?

[i]

[?]

[i]

[?]/[i]

[ai]

[?]

[?u]

[?]

[ju:] 例 词 China another woman breakfast orange comrade village cabbage hundred student open weekend chicken pocket begin children holiday beautiful family animal exercise satellite second tonight somebody welcome also zero photo autumn difficult popular congratulation January e i o u

动词中的a如果处在开音节位置,a读[ei]音,例如:operate

u处在开音节位置,又在辅音字母j l r s后面时,读[u(:)]音,例如:February issue

在非重读音节中,许多单词中的元音字母a e i 即可以读作[?]音,也可以读作[i]音。

四、-r音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音

元音字组

ar

ar在[w]音后面

or

or在[w]音后面

er ir ur 读 音 [α:] 例 词 car farm dark sharpener [?:] warm quarter towards [?:] forty morning short [?:] word worker worse [?:] certainly bird Thursday

辅音字母r双写时,前面的元音字母不能与r构成-r音节,而是按重读闭音节的拼读规则发音。例如: carry sorry hurry

-r音节在非重读音节中通常读[?]音,例如:

(英语单词发音规则表 第 2 页 共 7 页)

五、-re音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音

元音字组 are ere ire ore ure

读 音 [ε?] [i?] [ai?] [?:] [ju?]

care dare hare here mere fire hire wire more score before pure cure

例 词

are ere ire ore很少出现在非重读音节中,ure在非重读音节中读[?]音,例如:picture pleasure

重读元音字母加Rr,再加非重读元字组时,重读元音字母应按-re音节拼读规则拼读,字母Rr读[r]音。 例如:parent zero story during inspiring

某些常用词及多音节词经常出现长音短化现象。 例如:orange very American paragraph

六、元音字组在重读音节中的读音

元音字组 ai/ay air al al在f m前 au/aw

读 音 [ei] [ε?] [?] [?:l] [α:] [?:] [i:]

ea

[e] [ei] [i?]

ear

[ε?] [?:]

例 词

afraid rain wait day play air hair chair pair repair small ball talk wall all always also salt almost half calm

autumn daughter draw teach easy cheap please heavy bread sweater weather break great

hear dear near clear year bear pear wear swear earth learn early

(英语单词发音规则表 第 3 页 共 7 页)

ee eer ei/ey eu/ew在 j l r s后 ie/ei[s]音之后

oa oar/oor oi/oy oo

[i:] [i?] [ei] [i:] [ju:] [u:] [i:] [?u] [?:] [?i] [u:] [u] [au]

jeep week green three pioneer deer beer eight neighbour they either key new few newspaper flew brew jewelry piece field receive coat Joan boat goal roar board door floor noise point boy toilet broom food tooth school book look cook foot good flower house count down know row throw though young country enough group you soup course your four our hour ours journey

fluid suicide tuition juice fruit suit

ou/ow

[?u] [Λ] [u:] [?:]

our [au?] [?:]

ui 在j l r s后

[ju:i] [u:]

七、非重读音节中元音字组和字群的读音

元音字组或字群 ai/ay ei/ey ow

读 音 [i] [?u]

例 词

Sunday foreign monkey yellow sparrow tomorrow

元音字组在非重读音节中读[?]音或[i]。 例如:neighbour serious famous biscuit coffee

-sion -tion -sion在元音字母后

[?n] [?n]

impression nation vision decision occasion

(英语单词发音规则表 第 4 页 共 7 页)

-tion在s后

-sten -stle -sure -ture

[???n] [sn] [sl] [??] [???]

question suggestion listen whistle

pleasure measure picture culture

八、元字组在复合词非重读音节中的读音

everyday[ei] handbag[?] blackboard[?:]

有些词随着语言的发展,前后两部分已失去其单独存在的意义,融合成为

sun太阳 + day[ei]日子 > Sunday[i] 星期天 holy神圣 + day[ei]日子 > holiday[i] 假日 break中断 + fast[α:]斋戒 > breakfast[?] 早餐 cup茶杯 + board木板[?:] > cupboard[?] 碗柜

九、辅字组的读音

辅字组 b c

c在e前或在i/y前

读 音 [b] [/] [k] [s] [??]

ch

[k] [?]

-ck d

[k] [d]

例 词

bike bus bag bomb tomb

cake picture coat music face decide cinema much chick rich teacher school headache chemistry machine

cock pocket black knock doctor bread hand day

(英语单词发音规则表 第 5 页 共 7 页)

-dge dr- f g g在e i/y前

gh gu- -gue gu在非重读音节中

h j k kn- l m -mn n n在[k] [g]音前

-ng p ph q qu- r

s在词首或清辅音前 元音字母间或浊辅音前

sc- sh

[??] [dr] [f] [?] [??] [f] [/] [?] [?w] [h] [/] [??] [k] [n] [l] [m] [m] [n] [?] [?] [p] [f] [k] [kw] [r] [s] [z] [sk] [s] [?]

bridge fridge children driver drink five four breakfast bag garden go orange large German cough enough light daughter high guess league dialogue language anguish hot head house hand hour honest

jeep jar joke join July kind bike skate make week knife know knock life milk school tall monkey come autumn autumn column solemn not shine ten note uncle thank hungry morning young wrong paper plane pig ship pen elephant photo telephone Iraq

quality quite red rubber ruler sit sleep desk music husband scarlet

muscle science she fish shirt wash

(英语单词发音规则表 第 6 页 共 7 页)

t在通常情况下 在弱读字母ia ie io前

tch th在通常情况下 在冠词 代词 介词 连词中

在词尾-the -ther中

tr- v w wh- wh-在字母o前

x 在重读元音前

wr- y- z

[t] [?] [??] [θ] [?] [?] [tr] [v] [w] [/] [w] [h] [ks] [gz] [r] [j] [z]

ten letter meet patient nation watch

thin thirty method the these with than clothe fathe r weather tree train country truck very voice love leave week win wake sweet wait Answer two

what when white why who whose whole box text exercise example exist exact write

yes yard yellow young puzzle zero zoo

(英语单词发音规则表 第 7 页 共 7 页)

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com