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Costs and Benefits of Doctoral Programmes

发布时间:2013-12-04 13:02:21  

Costs and Benefits of Doctoral Programmes: Institutional

PerspectivesProfessor Dianne Berry

Pro-Vice-Chancellor for Research

University of Reading

Plan for today

?Costs & Benefits of supporting PGR students per se

–JM Consulting report 2005

–Reading study 2007

?Growth of formal generic training programmes /

Graduate Schools, etc

?Dilemma for HEIs

?Areas for discussion

What Costs and Benefits?

?Can interpret at two levels

–Costs & Benefits of supporting PGR students per se

–Costs & Benefits of providing formal training programmes, Grad Schools etc

Costs / Benefits of PGR Students per se

?Supporting and training research students costs significant amounts of money

?JM Consulting report (2005) calculated actual costs and concluded that costs were far greater than most HEIs had envisaged.

JM Consulting Findings

?Costs for 3 year programme ranged from £52K (Band C) to £87K (Band A) -(2003-4 data)

–Costs included fee waivers, time spent on supervision, subject-specific training, consumables, equipment, examiners, management & administration, estate costs. EXCLUDED –transferable skills training and stipends

?Rate of cost recovery ranged from 14% to 62% -i.e. significant shortfall


?JM Report excluded cost of stipends but many HEIs spending lot of income on stipends

–Nationally, over 30% of stipends are funded by HEIs–Less than 20% funded by Research Councils

Non-financial benefits

?Report concluded that HEIs would need to weigh the non-financial benefits of supporting PGR students against significant costs incurred.–Benefits included –PGRs form next generation of researchers; important contribution to research

environment; contribute to QR volume measure; contribute to outputs; contribute to supervisor’s

research programme; provide status for supervisors and Departments

Reading Study (2005-6 data)

Biological Sciences / Chemistry

Costs -£73.6K

Shortfall –range from £35.3K (for RCUK funded) to £47.6K (Home -fees waived)

Psychology / Geography

Costs -£55.9K

Shortfall –range from 22.6K to 34.9K

Reading Study (cont.)English / SociologyCosts -£42.2K

Shortfall -range from £13.9K to £26.2K

Reading Study (cont.)

?Agreed with benefits identified in JM Consulting Report

?Identified additional benefits

–Contribute to formation of collaborative links with other Departments / HEIs, commerce, industry & professions

–Opportunity to pilot research in new areas

–Allow more cost effective use of equipment etc.–Contribute to teaching and other aspects of Department

–Benefits for students themselves!

Additional costs of Generic

Training Programmes / Graduate Schools

?Since JM report, much more resource going into developing generic training programmes / formation of Graduate Schools

?Roberts money contributing (in some HEIs) but institutions having to top up

?Organisation / management taking considerable staff resource (including senior management time)

Dilemma for HEIs

?PGR support / training costing significant amounts of money -But PGRs are key part of research focused Universities

?In order to keep recruiting PGRs, need to provide better training and support environments (costing even more money)

Areas for discussion

?Can costs be reduced, while maintaining standards (more shared provision)?

?Coping with increasing costs of supporting PGRs in some areas of Science

?Incentivising timely submission; level of registration fees for year 4 and beyond

?Will additional investment eg in Grad Schools / Advanced programmes pay off, in terms of extra recruitment?

–Many HEIs investing in developing training programmes / Graduate Centres etc without significant amounts of Roberts funding; and Roberts Funding may end in 2011

?How can we do more to maximise benefits that PGRs bring?

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