Harbor Safety and You
The Auxiliary’s Role in
Harbor Safety and Security
US Coast Guard Auxiliary
Department of Marine Safety and Environmental Protection
Maritime Domain Awareness
??Security and homeland defense begin with “situational awareness” --what’s going on…?--the rivers, harbors, port and waterways of our communities and our nationOur challenge: use our interests, training and skills to build maritime awareness
A Busy Place on the Water
?The maritime domain is a busy place:
–commercial shipping (ocean and coastal)–fishing vessels
–ferries and small passenger vessels–tugboats and barges
–special purpose vessels (drilling rigs, etc.)–and --a whole variety of recreational boats
A Modal Interconnect
?The water’s edge is a meeting and connecting place for transport modes:
–Deep-draft ocean commerceHighways, roadways and ferry terminalsRailroads … and sometimes subwaysCoastwise and inter-coastal shippingIn some places, airports (Newark, LA, Boston)Parks, marinas and recreational boats
Where the Sea Meets the Land
?Ports and waterways attract special kinds of users
–terminals and petrochemical refineries
–power plants that need cooling water
–container handling and storage yards
–industries requiring a lot of water (steel, AL)
–and recreational boaters looking for fun!
An Economic Engine
?Ports, terminals and marinas --and the traffic they service --are big business?
?95% of all foreign trade is moved by vessels25% of domestic trade is moved by vessels16 million jobs affecting directly 50 million people22 million recreational boaters (an Auxiliary challenge...)
?29,000 commercial fishing vessels (again, Auxiliary...)
A Sensitive Environment?
?Coastal fisheries need protectionOffshore fisheries depend on coastal nursery grounds and marine food chainMarine mammals need protectionPeople want clean water at the beachBoaters want clean water for boatingMarinas want a clean environment
Confluence and Conflict
?Users have different wants and needs in the maritime domain:
–Plants and sewer operators want to dump effluent --which must be treatedCommercial operators need deep dredged channels and commercial accessRecreational boaters want parks, marinas, ramps and plenty of open water
The MTS Report to Congress
A New Initiative --
A Coordinated Approach
to Managing the Nation’s
U.S. Department of Transportation
Report submitted September 1999
by the Secretary of Transportation
A Management Approach
?MTS and Seven Strategic Areas for Action:
–Funding the Marine Transportation System–MTS Competitiveness and Mobility
–Improving Awareness of the MTS
–Information Management and Infrastructure–Security
–Safety and Environmental Protection
An Honest Broker
?The Coast Guard and Navigation and Inspection Circular (NVIC) 1-00
–“Harbor Safety Committees are often the only local bodies available for facility
operators and port users to meet and discuss mutual safety, mobility and
environmental protection issues.”
“It is our intention to actively promote and encourage the establishment and expansion of these organizations.”–from NVIC 1-00
The Harbor Safety Committee
What does it do:
?Coordinates MTS activitiesAdvocates and Supports Funding of the MTSSupports MTS Competition and MobilityPromotes Improved Awareness of the MTSPromotes Effective Information Management and Infrastructure Security
?Promotes Safety and Environmental Protection
Who’s On the Committee?
1. The Commercial Maritime Community
?Vessel owners and operators (tankers, dry cargo, barges, ferries)
?Harbor pilots and pilot associations
?Docking pilots/tug and tow operators
?Industry associations (national, state and local)?Organized labor
?Commercial fishing industry associations
2. Government Agencies and Organizations
Coastal Zone Management
Regional Development AgenciesMetropolitan Planning
Emergency Management Agencies
Fire and police departmentsHarbor masters
Occupational Safety Agencies
US Coast Guard (COTPs, Groups, District
Aids to Navigation/WWM/Marine Safety Branches)MARAD
NOAA (hydrographic, fisheries, endangered
U.S. Army Corps of EngineersFEMAOSHA
Other government representatives (e.g., St.
Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation)
Foreign government and maritime industry
representatives where appropriate
3. Boaters and the Public?Environmental and citizens groups?Waterfront developers
?Yacht racing associations
?Members of the general public
From: NVIC 1-00
Promoting Safe Boating?Including recreational boating
interests is vital because of the increased use of our ports and waterways by many users with conflicting interests.
Recreational use of our ports and waterways, often intermingled with commercial users, is on the
increase and presents increasing safety issues for HSCs.
Therefore, regardless of their degree of involvement all
stakeholder groups need to be provided agendas, minutes of meetings and other important information. From NVIC 1-00??
Respecting the Environment
?As port operations and development have the potential of affecting natural resources and other environmental issues, there will likely be increasing impetus to include environmental group representation in HSCs in the future. This is clearly indicated in the MTS Report to Congress:
?“The environmental protection of the MTS ensures its desired efficiency and safety. In recent years, there has been a growing public awareness of potential adverse environmental impacts from the MTS. ... Improving integrated and non-regulatory approaches that involve all levels of
government, MTS users and all stakeholders is important in addressing the future trends and challenges in MTS environmental protection.”
from NVIC 1-00
Honoring the Mariner
?The Coast Guard Wants to Involve Stakeholders
and to Respect their Points of View
?Local coordination plays a critical role in improving our MTS. It is recognized that the
establishment or enhancement of HSCs may add time, effort and possible funding burdens to local port stakeholders. However, HSC establishment/enhancement is a key first step in moving forward with many of the recommendations in the much
larger MTS initiative, in which HSCs are viewed as key coordinating bodies.
There are also numerous advantages to HSCs using the guidance outlined here.
Enhancing local coordination and plugging into a national coordinating structure allows a stronger local voice for vetting issues to a higher level, facilitates more
efficient handling of port issues and results in a better run, safer and more
economically efficient port or waterway. Through adopting those traits that have
helped other HSCs, using tools and assistance that the Coast Guard can provide and addressing issues that can advance our MTS as a whole, each individual port is
From NVIC 1-00?
A Spirit of Cooperation
?Improved coordination among the public and private
MTS stakeholders at the local, regional and national level is a key element of the MTS envisioned by 2020. One coordination recommendation is to “Encourage the creation of Harbor Safety Committees and regional concerns.”
HSCs are first and foremost a principal
building block in the National MTS
Coordinating Structure. Local input and
coordination are critical to achieving any
future enhancement of our Marine Transportation System. FromNVIC 1-00
The “New Normalcy”
?Maritime Security Condition I … the “New Normalcy”
?Heightened Security, Balance All
Securing the Waterways
?The MTS Task Force concluded that many of the recommendations related to
port MTS security will be considered by the Presidential Interagency
Commission on Crime and Security in U.S. Seaports. It is likely that an HSC subcommittee on security can address items like terminal and ship
vulnerability and threat assessments.
Develop public/private sector MTS partnerships to establish security guidelines for onshore facilities, offshore facilities, and vessels. Implement incentive-based mechanisms to address MTS security vulnerabilities. The ICMTS and regional and local coordinating bodies should be engaged on this issue. Participants should include USCG, USCS, DOD, MARAD, private sector organizations, State and local authorities, and labor organizations.
Recommend cargo throughput practices that accommodate necessary security inspection while minimizing delay.
From NVIC 1-00??
The Role of the Auxiliary
?Harbor PatrolsSupport assignments at local CG unitsAdvocacy of the BoatSmartprogramOutreach and preparedness -->ICS a toolMembership and participation in the work of Harbor Safety Committees … especially
in the area of recreational boating safety