海量文库 文档专家
您现在的位置:首页 > 幼儿教育 > 少儿英语少儿英语

Harbor Safety and You

发布时间:2013-12-05 14:02:33  

Harbor Safety and You

The Auxiliary’s Role in

Harbor Safety and Security

US Coast Guard Auxiliary

Department of Marine Safety and Environmental Protection

Maritime Domain Awareness


??Security and homeland defense begin with “situational awareness” --what’s going on…?--the rivers, harbors, port and waterways of our communities and our nationOur challenge: use our interests, training and skills to build maritime awareness

A Busy Place on the Water

?The maritime domain is a busy place:

–commercial shipping (ocean and coastal)–fishing vessels

–ferries and small passenger vessels–tugboats and barges

–cruise ships

–special purpose vessels (drilling rigs, etc.)–and --a whole variety of recreational boats

A Modal Interconnect

?The water’s edge is a meeting and connecting place for transport modes:

–Deep-draft ocean commerceHighways, roadways and ferry terminalsRailroads … and sometimes subwaysCoastwise and inter-coastal shippingIn some places, airports (Newark, LA, Boston)Parks, marinas and recreational boats

Where the Sea Meets the Land

?Ports and waterways attract special kinds of users

–terminals and petrochemical refineries

–power plants that need cooling water

–seafood processors

–container handling and storage yards

–industries requiring a lot of water (steel, AL)

–and recreational boaters looking for fun!

An Economic Engine

?Ports, terminals and marinas --and the traffic they service --are big business?



?95% of all foreign trade is moved by vessels25% of domestic trade is moved by vessels16 million jobs affecting directly 50 million people22 million recreational boaters (an Auxiliary challenge...)

?29,000 commercial fishing vessels (again, Auxiliary...)

A Sensitive Environment?





?Coastal fisheries need protectionOffshore fisheries depend on coastal nursery grounds and marine food chainMarine mammals need protectionPeople want clean water at the beachBoaters want clean water for boatingMarinas want a clean environment

Confluence and Conflict

?Users have different wants and needs in the maritime domain:

–Plants and sewer operators want to dump effluent --which must be treatedCommercial operators need deep dredged channels and commercial accessRecreational boaters want parks, marinas, ramps and plenty of open water

The MTS Report to Congress

A New Initiative --

A Coordinated Approach

to Managing the Nation’s

Maritime Transportation


U.S. Department of Transportation

Report submitted September 1999

by the Secretary of Transportation

A Management Approach

?MTS and Seven Strategic Areas for Action:


–Funding the Marine Transportation System–MTS Competitiveness and Mobility

–Improving Awareness of the MTS

–Information Management and Infrastructure–Security

–Safety and Environmental Protection

An Honest Broker

?The Coast Guard and Navigation and Inspection Circular (NVIC) 1-00

–“Harbor Safety Committees are often the only local bodies available for facility

operators and port users to meet and discuss mutual safety, mobility and

environmental protection issues.”

“It is our intention to actively promote and encourage the establishment and expansion of these organizations.”–from NVIC 1-00

The Harbor Safety Committee

What does it do:





?Coordinates MTS activitiesAdvocates and Supports Funding of the MTSSupports MTS Competition and MobilityPromotes Improved Awareness of the MTSPromotes Effective Information Management and Infrastructure Security

?Promotes Safety and Environmental Protection

Who’s On the Committee?

1. The Commercial Maritime Community

?Port Authority

?Vessel owners and operators (tankers, dry cargo, barges, ferries)

?Harbor pilots and pilot associations

?Marine Exchange

?Docking pilots/tug and tow operators

?Shipping agents

?Terminal operators


?Industry associations (national, state and local)?Organized labor

?Commercial fishing industry associations

2. Government Agencies and Organizations

Coastal Zone Management


Environmental Agencies

Regional Development AgenciesMetropolitan Planning

Organizations (MPOs)

Emergency Management Agencies


Fire and police departmentsHarbor masters

Transportation Agencies

Occupational Safety Agencies

US Coast Guard (COTPs, Groups, District

Aids to Navigation/WWM/Marine Safety Branches)MARAD

NOAA (hydrographic, fisheries, endangered

species, etc.)

U.S. Army Corps of EngineersFEMAOSHA

INS/Customs/DEAU.S. Navy


Other government representatives (e.g., St.

Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation)

Foreign government and maritime industry

representatives where appropriate

3. Boaters and the Public?Environmental and citizens groups?Waterfront developers

?Recreational boaters

?Rowing clubs

?Yacht racing associations

?Members of the general public

From: NVIC 1-00

Promoting Safe Boating?Including recreational boating

interests is vital because of the increased use of our ports and waterways by many users with conflicting interests.

Recreational use of our ports and waterways, often intermingled with commercial users, is on the

increase and presents increasing safety issues for HSCs.

Therefore, regardless of their degree of involvement all

stakeholder groups need to be provided agendas, minutes of meetings and other important information. From NVIC 1-00??

Respecting the Environment

?As port operations and development have the potential of affecting natural resources and other environmental issues, there will likely be increasing impetus to include environmental group representation in HSCs in the future. This is clearly indicated in the MTS Report to Congress:

?“The environmental protection of the MTS ensures its desired efficiency and safety. In recent years, there has been a growing public awareness of potential adverse environmental impacts from the MTS. ... Improving integrated and non-regulatory approaches that involve all levels of

government, MTS users and all stakeholders is important in addressing the future trends and challenges in MTS environmental protection.”

from NVIC 1-00

Honoring the Mariner

?The Coast Guard Wants to Involve Stakeholders

and to Respect their Points of View

?Local coordination plays a critical role in improving our MTS. It is recognized that the

establishment or enhancement of HSCs may add time, effort and possible funding burdens to local port stakeholders. However, HSC establishment/enhancement is a key first step in moving forward with many of the recommendations in the much

larger MTS initiative, in which HSCs are viewed as key coordinating bodies.

There are also numerous advantages to HSCs using the guidance outlined here.

Enhancing local coordination and plugging into a national coordinating structure allows a stronger local voice for vetting issues to a higher level, facilitates more

efficient handling of port issues and results in a better run, safer and more

economically efficient port or waterway. Through adopting those traits that have

helped other HSCs, using tools and assistance that the Coast Guard can provide and addressing issues that can advance our MTS as a whole, each individual port is


From NVIC 1-00?

A Spirit of Cooperation

?Improved coordination among the public and private

MTS stakeholders at the local, regional and national level is a key element of the MTS envisioned by 2020. One coordination recommendation is to “Encourage the creation of Harbor Safety Committees and regional concerns.”

HSCs are first and foremost a principal

building block in the National MTS

Coordinating Structure. Local input and

coordination are critical to achieving any

future enhancement of our Marine Transportation System. FromNVIC 1-00

The “New Normalcy”

?Maritime Security Condition I … the “New Normalcy”

?Heightened Security, Balance All




Coordination -HSCs

Securing the Waterways

?The MTS Task Force concluded that many of the recommendations related to

port MTS security will be considered by the Presidential Interagency

Commission on Crime and Security in U.S. Seaports. It is likely that an HSC subcommittee on security can address items like terminal and ship

vulnerability and threat assessments.

Develop public/private sector MTS partnerships to establish security guidelines for onshore facilities, offshore facilities, and vessels. Implement incentive-based mechanisms to address MTS security vulnerabilities. The ICMTS and regional and local coordinating bodies should be engaged on this issue. Participants should include USCG, USCS, DOD, MARAD, private sector organizations, State and local authorities, and labor organizations.

Recommend cargo throughput practices that accommodate necessary security inspection while minimizing delay.

From NVIC 1-00??

The Role of the Auxiliary





?Harbor PatrolsSupport assignments at local CG unitsAdvocacy of the BoatSmartprogramOutreach and preparedness -->ICS a toolMembership and participation in the work of Harbor Safety Committees … especially

in the area of recreational boating safety

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。