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新编实用英语第三版综合教程Unit 5 Our Weather and Climate

发布时间:2013-12-08 09:01:44  

Unit | Five
Our Weather and Climate
Unit | Five

Unit Goals:
What You Should Learn to Do
1. Understand weather forecast of: global weather conditions local weather reports 2. Talk about weather changes: temperature, wind, rain, shower, snow, etc. 3. Talk about the weather to start a conversation 4. Make comments on weather conditions and show likes or dislikes 5. Write a weather report

What You Should Know About
1. The way weather is forecast 2. Celsius and Fahrenheit 3. Use of tenses: simple past and present perfect
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Contents
Talking Face to Face
Section Ⅰ
Section Ⅴ

Appreciating Culture Tips
Section Ⅱ

Being All Ears
Section Ⅲ

Section Ⅳ

Maintaining a Sharp Eye

Trying Your Hand
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Section Ⅰ Talking Face to Face
Imitating Mini-Talks
Speak and Recite

Acting out the Tasks
Studying Weather Forecasts Following Sample Dialogues Putting Language to Use

Speak and Perform

Study and Imitate

Imitate and Perform Speak and Complete Speak and Communicate
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SECTION I Talking Face to Face
Imitating Mini-Talks
Speak and Recite 1 Work in pairs. Practice the following mini-talks about weather conditions Window on Key Words 轻柔的 1) Talking About the Weather A: It is sunny and clear these days. B: The wind is gentle, too. A: And the temperature is comfortable. B: Yes, the best time of year. 2) Asking About Weather Conditions A: What's the weather like this summer in Qingdao? B: Very hot and dry. A: I'm thinking of spending a couple of days there. B: You can go swimming and sunbathing then. Unit | Five

晒日光浴

Window on Key Words 闷的 下降

3) Referring to the Weather Forecast A: It's so stuffy and no wind at all. B: The forecast says it's going to rain this evening. A: Really? I hope the temperature will drop, too. B: I bet it will.

宜人的

4) Making Comments on the Weather A: What do you think of the weather here? B: Neither too hot in summer nor too cold in winter. A: Yes, pretty agreeable. People love it. B: Me, too.
5) Complaining About the Weather A: What an awful day! B: Yes, the heat is killing me. A: The weather forecast says the high is 34℃. B: Gosh, no wonder I can't stand it.

糟糕的

Back

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Acting out the Tasks
Speak and Perform 2 Work in pairs and act out the tasks by following the above mini-talks.

1 Task: Ask for Mark's comments on the weather.
2 Task: Ask about and describe the weather at this time of year. 3 Task: Ask Mr. Green about the weather condition tomorrow and plan an activity. 4 Task: Talk about the change of the weather from long rainy days. 5 Task: Complain about a cold day.
Back

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Studying Weather Forecasts
Study and Imitate 3 A weather forecast is a statement that tells the public what the weather condition is going to be. We need to watch weather forecasts on TV or hear them over the radio every day. It is part of our life. Read the following samples of weather forecasts carefully and try to use the information to practice shor

t dialogues.

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Back

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Following Sample Dialogues
Imitate and Perform 4 Read the following sample dialogues and try to perform your own tasks. 1) Talking About the Weather Today Sandy: Hi, Jane. What's the weather like today? Do I need to wear a sweater? Jane: I don't know. Why don't you call the weather service? Sandy: What's the number? Jane: 121. ...

Reporter: Good morning. This is the local weather report. Today will be cool and
partly cloudy, with a chance of rain this afternoon ... Jane: Well, what is the weather report, Sandy? Will it be a nice day? Sandy: Not exactly. It's 62?F and there's a chance of rain. Jane: So I guess you should wear a sweater and take an umbrella with you.
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2) Talking About the Weather in New York

Bill: Hello, Jack? It's me, Bill. Jack: Hello, Bill. Have you arrived in New York? Bill: Yes, I'm in New York now. Jack: How is the weather there? Bill: It's warm and sunny. Jack: What's the temperature?

Bill: It's 50?F.
Jack: Is that about 10?C? Bill: That's right. Jack: Wow! That's cold for November.
Back

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Putting Language to Use
Speak and Complete
5 Mrs. Parks is talking about the weather of two places in the United States with her students. Read aloud the following dialogue with your partner by putting in the missing words. Mrs. Parks: 1 ____________________ in California? How is the weather Student A: It's always warm. Mrs. Parks: 2 _______________________ there? What's the temperature Student B: The temperature is always about 78 degrees. Student A: That's the temperature in 3 ______________. It's the same as 26 Fahrenheit degrees 4 ____________________. Celsius / Centigrade Mrs. Parks: 5 __________________ in Seattle? How's the weather Student B: It's 6 ______________, because it rains almost every day and terrible / awful people are very happy when the sun 7 ______________. comes out
Back

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Speak and Communicate 6 There is going to be a sports meet tomorrow. Bob is worried about the weather and you are talking about it. Fill in the blanks according to the clues given in the brackets. Then act it out with your partner. Bob: I'm wondering if it is going to be fine tomorrow. You: You are right. 1 _____________________________________ We shall have a sports meet tomorrow (说明天我们要开运动会). Bob: But look at the fog. You can only see things within a short distance. You: 2 ___________________________________________________ But don't you see the wind is beginning to lift it up. (提醒说难道你没看到风在开始把它吹散吗)?

Bob: Don't be so sure.
You: I bet 3 ____________________ (说明天天气会好的). it will be fine tomorrow. Bob: You've heard the morning weather forecast, haven't you? You: No. 4 ____________________ (问预报怎么说)? What does it say?

Bob: It says it's going to be foggy.
You: 5 That's why you're worrying, isn't it? (问这就是他担心的原因,对不对)? _____________________________ Bob:

Yes, it is.
Back

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SECTION II Being All Ears
Learning Sentences for Workplace Communication
Listen and Repeat Listen and Match Listen and Respond

Handling a Dialogue

Listen and Decode

Understanding a Short Speech / Talk

Listen and Complete Listen and Match

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SECTION II Being All Ears
Learning Sentences for Workplace Communication
Listen and Repeat 1 Listen to 10 sentences for workplace communication cross-referenced with their Chinese translations.

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Window on Key Words fairly 相当地 mild 温和的,暖和的
Back

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Listen and Match 2 Listen to the following sentences for workplace communication in Column A and match each one with its Chinese version in Column B. Column A Column B

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Column A

Column B

Key: 1-f, 2-h, 3-i, 4-j, 5-g, 6-c, 7-e, 8-d, 9-a, 10-b
Back

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Listen and Respond

Script

3 Listen to 6 sentences for workplace communication and choose their right responses.

1) A) I'm sorry. C) I'd like to. 2) A) Don't mention it. C) It snows too much. 3) A) The pleasure is mine. C) It's wonderful. 4) A) Me, too. C) What is it? 5) A) Me, too. C) Not at all. 6) A) Never mind. C) I'm glad to meet you.

B) It's noisy. D) It's wet. B) No problem. D) It's popular there. B) There is a chance of rain. D) That's terrible. B) How about you? D) Yes, it is. B) Thank you. D) That's nothing. B) Many thanks. Back D) What does the weatherman say? Unit | Five

Script:
1. What's the weather like there? 2. What do you think of the weather here? 3. What does the weatherman say? 4. Hot day, isn't it? 5. The heat is killing me. I feel like swimming. 6. Is it going to cool down tomorrow?

Back

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Handling a Dialogue
Listen and Decode Script

4 Listen to a dialogue and decode the message by finding out the correct choices in the brackets according to what you have heard. Pat 1 Alice, Alex, Alison came to see Li Hong. They talked about the weather and the party last night. Pat didn't go to the party because it was so cold and 2 windy, rainy, snowy . It seemed that he didn't like the weather here. When Li Hong suggested a 3 walk, talk, work in the afternoon, Pat

thought it was too cold to go out because it was 4 fourteen, thirteen, sixteen
degrees Celsius. Li Hong didn't agree. She said in winter, the weather could be much colder. Last winter, it was 5 three, six, seven degrees below zero

for three 6 weeks, days, months and it was very windy.
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Script: Pat Alex comes by to see Li Hong. They talk about the party last night and about the weather. Li Hong: Hi, Pat! Why didn't you go to the party last night? Pat: Because it was so cold and rainy. Li Hong: That's too bad! It was a really good party. Hey, why don't we go out for a walk this afternoon, Pat? I need some exercise. Pat: Go out for a walk? But it's so cold out. Li Hong: Cold out? What's the temperature? Pat: About 13℃. Li Hong: 13℃? That's not cold. Just wait until winter. Pat: Why? Li Hong: Well ..

. it snows a lot and sometimes it's very cold. Last winter it was 7 degrees below zero for three weeks. And it was windy, too. Pat: That sounds awful! Li Hong: It wasn't all that bad. The sun was out almost every day.

Back

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Understanding a Short Speech / Talk
Listen and Complete 5 Now listen to a short speech / talk and fill up the blanks according to what you have heard. The words in brackets will give you some hints. Ladies and gentlemen, welcome to Dalian, a famous summer resort (避暑 胜地) and one of the best 1 ___________ (what?) in China. With clear sky, tourist cities green mountains, blue seas, fine beaches, clean streets and lovely buildings, beautiful our city is 2 _________ (how?). Climate in Dalian is agreeable. It is 3 neither ________________ (how?) nor too hot in summer, with yearly average (平均 too cold in winter 的) temperature of about 10℃. People here can enjoy moderate (中等的)

rainfalls and 4 ________________ (what?), and above all, clean and fresh air plenty of sunshine
with the nice smell of 5 _______ (what?). We've got 6 ___________ (how the sea thousands of from both home and abroad many?) visitors coming here 7 ________________________ (from where?) every year. I bet you are going to have a great time here as you've just come
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8 ______________________ (when?). at the best time of year

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Listen and Match 6 Listen to the speech / talk again and complete the information in Column A with the right choices in Column B. Column A Column B a. attract more people to come to China. 1) The purpose of this speech is to b. welcome a group of tourists to Dalian. c. tell people what Dalian is like. d. describe Dalian's climate.

a. biggest cities. 2) Dalian is one of China's b. financial (金融) centers. c. best tourist cities. d. commercial centers.
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Column A

Column B a. very hot in summer. b. very cold in winter. c. neither too cold in winter nor too hot in summer. d. very hot in summer but not very cold in winter. a. foreigner. b. visitor. c. tour guide. d. doctor. a. comes in the best season. b. is here to join more tourists c. may not stand the heat here. d. is traveling back home.

3) The weather in Dalian is

4) The speaker may most probably be a

5) This group of tourists

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SECTION III Trying Your Hand

Practicing Applied Writing
Write and Simulate
Write and Create

Writing Sentences and Reviewing Grammar
Write and Apply Rules Write and Translate Write and Correct Mistakes Write and Describe a Picture

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SECTION III Trying Your Hand
Practicing Applied Writing
Write and Simulate 1 Read the following two samples of weather report and learn to write your own.

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Back

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Write and Create 2 Translate the following weather forecast into Chinese, using the data bank in the Workbook for reference.

现在播报天气预报。今天天气以晴为主,白天最高温度15℃。预计 明天多云、有风,气温较低

。明天上午气温将降至5℃,下午气温回升, 最高气温10℃;傍晚时分非常可能有雨或雪,气温会降至0℃。
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Write and Create 3 Write an English weather report according to the information given in Chinese.

Weather outlook for the urban area:
It'll be cloudy today, and later turn to be partly cloudy. The high will be one degrees Celsius and the low four degrees below zero. It is

expected to be partly cloudy in the next two days. The winds will be
calm with little change of the temperature.
Back

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Writing Sentences and Reviewing Grammar

Back

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Write and Apply Rules 4 Analyze the following sentences to see what tenses they belong to. PP PP PP 1) I've only been here for ten minutes or so. 2) Ted has always worked in an accounting department. 3) Mark has worked for this large company for many years.

P
P PP PP P PP PP

4) John graduated from Florida State University in 1990.
5) We had the same weather in Detroit last year. 6) He has never made a serious mistake at work. 7) What has the weather been like recently? 8) Robert went to school part-time while he worked full time. 9) Robert has received two promotions so far.
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10) Robert has decided to look for a job in a larger company.

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Write and Correct Mistakes 5 Correct the errors in the following sentences. 1) They didn't see each other since September.

They haven't seen each other since September.
2) Gina is in college for one year. Gina has been in college for one year. 3) She has worked at the cafeteria since nine months. She has worked at the cafeteria for nine months. 4) He always arrived at his office on time before. He has always arrived at his office on time before. / He used to have always arrived at his office on time before. 5) He never had a problem with his boss. He has never had a problem with his boss.
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Write and Correct Mistakes 5 Correct the errors in the following sentences. 6) Did you ever take the telephone orders before?

Have you ever taken the telephone orders before?
7) In the last three months, Robert trained more than twenty new employees. In the last three months, Robert has trained more than twenty new employees. 8) Robert has started to use a computer when he was an office worker. Robert started to use a computer when he was an office worker. 9) Robert attended several important business meetings in the last three years.

Robert has attended several important business meetings in the last three years.
10) So far they already got six traveler's checks.
Back

So far they have already got six traveler's checks.

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Write and Translate 6 Translate the following sentences into English. 1) 昨天天气不好,实际上这几天天气一直不好。

The weather was terrible yesterday. In fact, it has been awful for several days.
2) 她在这个办事处工作已有5年了。 She has worked in this office for 5 years. 3) 去年我游览了长城,而且玩得特

别开心。 I paid a visit to the Great Wall last year and had a very good time there. 4) 自从上次吵架之后,我们就再也没有跟对方讲过话。

We have never spoken to each other since we quarreled last time.
5) 把电视声音调低点,天气预报还没开始呢。 Turn down the TV a bit. The weather forecast hasn't begun yet.
Back

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Write and Describe a Picture 7 Write a short passage of about 100 words to tell a story or about an event related to the picture given below. Some useful words and phrases have been provided to help you.

Back

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Key: Janet is planning to go to a picnic with her former high school classmates at the weekend. Since they haven't met each other for half a year, Janet feels excited about this big event. However, she worries a

lot about the weather. In July her relatives came to visit her and they
went out to have a barbecue. They were going to enjoy themselves, but to their disappointment, the party was spoiled by heavy rain. They all felt bored and irritated. Now she is dialing 121 in order to get the recent weather information. This time she is going to feel happy with the reunion.
Back

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SECTION IV Maintaining a Sharp Eye
PASSAGE I Information Related to the Reading Passage Text

PASSAGE II Information Related to the Reading Passage
Text

Language Points
Read and Think
Read and Complete Read and Translate

Language Points
Read and Judge Read and Translate

Read and Simulate
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SECTION IV Maintaining a Sharp Eye
Information Related to the Reading Passage
Climate Change and Global Warning: The term climate change is often used interchangeably with the term global warming, but “climate change” is growing in preferred use to “global warming” because it helps convey the fact that there are other changes in addition to rising temperatures. Climate change refers to any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). Climate change may result from: natural factors, such as changes in the sun's intensity or slow changes in the Earth's orbit around the sun; natural processes within the climate system (e.g. changes in ocean circulation); human activities that change the atmosphere's composition (e.g. through burning fossil fuels) and the land surface (e.g. deforestation, reforestation, Unit | Five urbanization, desertification, etc.)

Global warming is an average increase in the temperature of the atmosphere near the Earth's surface and in the troposphere, which can

contribute to changes in global climate patterns. Global warming can occur
from a variety of causes, both natural and human induced. In common usage, “global warming” often refers to the warming that can occur as a result of increased emissions of greenhouse gases from human activities. Greenhouse Gases: For over the past 200 years, the burning of fossil fuels, such as coal and oil,

and defor

estation have caused the concentrations of heat-trapping
“greenhouse gases” to increase significantly in our atmosphere. These gases prevent heat from escaping to space, somewhat like the glass panels of a greenhouse.
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Greenhouse gases are necessary to life as we know it, because they keep the planet's surface warmer than it otherwise would be. But, as the

concentrations of these gases continue to increase in the atmosphere, the
Earth's temperature is climbing above past levels. According to NOAA and NASA data, the Earth's average surface temperature has increased by about 1.2 to 1.4oF in the last 100 years. The eight warmest years on record (since 1850) have all occurred since 1998, with the warmest year being 2005. Most of the warming in recent decades is very likely the result of human activities. Other aspects of the climate are also changing such as rainfall patterns,

snow and ice cover, and the sea level.
Scientists are certain that human activities are changing the composition of the atmosphere, and that increasing the concentration of greenhouse gases will change the planet's climate. But they are not sure by how much it will

change, at what rate it will change, or what the exact effects will be.

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PASSAGE I

We Can Make a Difference 1 Climate change may be a big problem, but there are many little things we can do to make a difference. If we try, most of us can do our part to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases that we put into the atmosphere. Many greenhouse gases come from things we do every day. 2 As we have learned, these greenhouse gases trap energy in the atmosphere and make the Earth warmer. Driving a car or using electricity is not wrong. We just have to be smart about it. Some people use less energy by carpooling. For example, four people can ride together in one car instead of driving four cars to work. Why not try to do something to help make the planet a better place? Save Electricity Whenever we use electricity, we put greenhouse gases into the air. 3 By turning off lights, the television, and the computer when you are through with them, you can help a lot. If you're leaving your computer for a while, put it on stand-by. You'll be able to restart it quickly, and it'll take less energy than shutting it down and then restarting it. Bike, Bus, and Walk You can save energy by sometimes taking the bus, riding a bike, or simply walking.

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Exercises Plant Trees Planting trees is fun and a great way to reduce greenhouse gases. Trees absorb carbon dioxide from the air. Recycle Recycle cans, bottles, plastic bags, and newspapers. When you recycle, you send less trash to the landfill and you help save natural resources, like trees, oil, and elements such as aluminum. When You Buy, Buy Cool Stuff There are lots of ways we can improve the environment. 4 One of the ways to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases that we put into the air is to buy products that don't use as much energy. Ta

ke Corporate Action Tell the companies you invest in that you care about global warming. Don't like a company's attitude on global warming? Go to shareholder meetings and speak up! Knowledge Is Power Learn everything you can about global warming. What is it? How does global warming work? Why is it happening? What are the causes? What are the critics saying? Find out all the answers! Join a national or local environmental group that is fighting the climate crisis every Back day, so their membership numbers swell and their voice has more power.
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Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences

1. (Para. 1) Climate change may be a big problem, but there are many little things we can do to make a difference.

Analysis: May can be used to introduce concession in putting forward an argument.

Translation:气候变化可能是一个大问题,但是我们仍然可以做许多小事来影响它。

Example:The goal you set may be nice, but it is too difficult to reach.
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Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences

2. (Para. 1) As we have learned, these greenhouse gases trap energy in the atmosphere and make the Earth warmer. Analysis: As is often used to introduce an indicator of the information source, such as in as we have learned. Similar structures are: as the saying goes, as everyone knows, as you know, as you put it, etc. Translation:如我们所知,这些温室气体把能量困锁在大气中从而使地球变暖。 Example: As the famous Adidas ad goes: impossible is nothing.
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Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences
3. (Para. 3) By turning off lights, the television, and the computer when you are

through with them, you can help a lot.
Analysis: By is followed by a gerund, introducing a prepositional phrase of manner. Note, by is not necessarily always translated as “通过”. Translation:你用完电灯、电视或电脑就随手关闭,那你就是帮了大忙! Example:You can save energy by sometimes taking the bus, riding a bike, or

simply walking.
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Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences 4. (Para. 8) One of the ways to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases that we put into the air is to buy products that don't use as much energy. Analysis: Two that-clauses are used to serve as post-modifiers of nouns: the first one is that we put into the air, modifying greenhouse gases; The second that-clause is that don't use as much energy, modifying products. Note: In translation, the noun phrase products that don't use as much energy

can simply be translated into “节能产品”, instead of “不消耗那么多能量
的产品”。 Translation: 减少排放到空气中的温室气体的方法之一就是购买节能产品。 Example: Join a national or local environmental group that is fighting the climate crisis every day.
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Language Points
2 Important Words

1. trap v. store (energy, gas or water, etc.) so th

at it cannot escape 使困留在某处

e.g. ? A filter traps dust from the air. ? The fabric of the clothes can trap body heat and keep you warm.

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Language Points
2 Important Words

2. stand-by n. readiness for duty 待机,备用,待命 e.g. ? The soldiers are on stand-by, ready to leave any time. ? Eggs are a great stand-by in the kitchen.

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Language Points
2 Important Words

3. absorb
v. take in, suck up (liquid, heat, knowledge, etc.) 吸收,吸取(液体、热量、知识等) e.g. ? She absorbed greedily anything she can get a hold of in the library.

? The material absorbs heat from the sun and releases it when needed.
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Language Points
2 Important Words

4. stuff n. things such as substances, materials, or any small objects referred to in general (不必详细说明的)东西

e.g.
? There is a lot of stuff about it in the newspaper. ? Get your stuff and go right away.

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Language Points
2 Important Words

5. membership n. being a member of (an organization) 会员

e.g.
? He lost his membership card and was denied access. ? The gym offered some special programs and its membership swelled

all of a sudden.

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Language Points
2 Important Words

6. swell v. (number or amounts) grow bigger; expand (数量) 增加,增长 e.g. ? It took only less than half a year for the housing price to swell to twice its original.

? The population swelled during the mid-1970's.

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Read and Think 1 Answer the following questions according to the passage. 1) Why should we reduce the amount of greenhouse gases that we put into the air? Because the greenhouse gases trap energy in the atmosphere and make the Earth warmer. 2) What is carpooling? People ride together in one car instead of driving cars of their own separately. 3) How can we help to reduce greenhouse gases when using computers? Shut down the computer when we are through with it; put it on stand-by when we leave it for a while. 4) How can recycling help in protecting the environment? When people recycle, they produce less trash and help save natural resources. 5) What are the little things we can do to make a difference? List some. Saving electricity, using less cars, riding more bikes, taking buses and walking, planting trees, recycling, buying cool stuff, taking corporate actions, learning more Back about global warming, joining environmental groups, etc. Unit | Five

Read and Complete

2 Complete each of the following statements with words or phrases from the passage.
1) A lot of small problems can be solved by ____________ your computer. restarting

2) There is ____________ everywhere on the ground, and the whole place trash
smells terrible. 3) We can see an obvious Chinese ____________ in the design of the dress. element 4) ____________ the times you dine out, cook more at home, then you'll enjoy a Reduce much healthier lifestyle. 5) There's no way ou

t! We're ____________ in this one-way lane (胡同)! trapped 6) The area is rich in such ____________ as mineral water hot springs. resources
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3 Fill in the blanks with the proper words or expressions given below, changing the form if necessary. make a difference do one's part put ... on care about find out speak out be through with for a while take action smart about

1) The little girl ____________ in helping the family through the difficult time. did her part 2) If you _________________ the novel, give it to me. I can't wait to read it. are through with 3) Try to be just a little more open and ____________ your ideas whenever speak out

you feel like sharing with others.
4) I would like to take a walk outside ____________ after a whole day's work. for a while 5) Always think positively, and it will __________________ in your life. make a difference
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3 Fill in the blanks with the proper words or expressions given below, changing the form if necessary. make a difference do one's part put ... on care about find out speak out be through with for a while take action smart about 6) Sometimes speaking up is not enough, and you need to ____________. take action

7) Alice was as ____________ about life as anybody she ever came up against. smart about
8) The meeting is about to start. Please _____ your mobile phone ______ the put on mute mode (静音模式). 9) Having searched online for hours, the team finally ____________ about the found out causes of the problem. 10) Today more and more people ____________ the harmful effects cars bring care about
Back

to the environment, and they call for a No-Car Day.

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Read and Translate 4 Translate the following sentences into English. for 1) 即便只是离开房间一小会儿,也要记得把灯关掉。 a while, turn off Even if you leave the room only for a little while, please remember to turn off the lights. 2) 为什么不试试拼车?那样可以降低费用,而且会使出行显得不同。 carpool, reduce, make a difference Why not try carpooling? That'll reduce your cost and make a difference in your trip. 3) 互联网是个好东西,为我们开启了崭新的世界。我们只需要巧妙地运用 它就行了。 be smart about The Internet is a good thing and opens a whole new world for us. We just have to be smart about using it.
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Read and Translate

4 Translate the following sentences into English.
4) 孩子们从小就应接受教育,要为节约自然资源、改善环境做点事情。 do our part, natural resources Kids / Children should be educated from very early age to do their part / something to save natural resources and improve the environment. 5) 没人关心这次交通事故的原因是什么。 care about, causes No one cares about what the causes of the traffic accident are.

6) 这个地方环保组织发展得很好,会员数量不断扩大。
local, membership, swell This local environmental organization has develo

ped well and its membership keeps on swelling / growing. Back
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Read and Simulate 5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences. Climate change may be a big problem, but there are many little things we can do to make a difference. Your suggestions may sound nice, but there are many problems in putting them into practice.

语言或许是相互沟通的大问题,但是你可以做许多别的事情来弥补。
规定的时间短或许是个大问题,但是我们还是可以做很多事情来把进度赶上去。

Language may be a big problem, but there are many other things you can do to help. The short time schedule may be a big problem, but there are many other things we can do to catch up.
Unit | Five

Read and Simulate 5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences. Driving a car or using electricity is not wrong. We just have to be smart about it. Having different opinions is not wrong. We just have to work as a team. 哭泣并没有错,但是之后我们必须要振作起来。 有梦想并没有错,但是我们必须要为实现梦想努力。

Crying is not wrong. We just have to cheer up after it.

Dreaming is not wrong. We just have to work on to realize our dreams.
Unit | Five

Read and Simulate 5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences.

Whenever we use electricity, we put greenhouse gases into the air.
Whenever he is in trouble, he starts to sing songs to himself until he forgets all the trouble. 每当她心情不佳时,都会去海边散散步。 每当你想和我聊天的时候,就给我打电话。

Whenever she is in bad mood, she goes to the seaside for a walk.

Whenever you feel like talking with me, give me a call.
Unit | Five

Read and Simulate 5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences. If you're leaving your computer for a while, put it on stand-by. If you're improving the environment, do your part with little things. 如果你要与我们一起去,晚上八点来与我们碰个头吧。 如果你要到别的地方旅游,到网上查查有用的信息吧。

If you're going with us, come and meet us at eight.

If you're traveling to other places, go online for some helpful information.

Unit | Five

Read and Simulate 5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences. You can help a lot by turning off lights and the computer when you are through with them.

You can save energy by sometimes taking the bus or riding a bicycle.
通过采取积极的生活态度,

我们可以提高幸福感。 通过提供更多的交通选择, 这个城市可以大大改善交通拥堵状况。

We can increase our sense of happiness by taking a positive attitude on life.

The city can improve the traffic condition a lot by offering more options of transportation.
Unit | Five

Read and Simulate 5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences. Planting trees is fun and a great way to reduce greenhouse gases. Walking is fun and a great way to keep fit.

网络聊天很有意思,也是消磨时间的很好方式。
生活在异国很有意思,也是了解他国文化的很好方式。

Online chatting is fun and a great way to kill time.

Living in a foreign country is fun and a great way to learn about its culture.
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Unit | Five

PASSAGE II Information Related to the Reading Passage
The British Climate
The climate in Britain is very changeable. Sometimes it can be cold, rainy,
windy and sunny — all in the same day. Generally, it rains quite a lot, especially in the north and the west. Most of the time, the weather is quite mild — never too hot nor too cold. In the summer, it is usually warm. The south of Britain is generally warmer than the north.

Unit | Five

Here is a letter to The Times from Mrs. G. L. Thompson, from which we can learn how a British native thinks about the weather in Britain.
Dear Sir,

I've been interested to read your letter on the Englishman's fascination with the weather and many of our visitors from abroad find it amusing. It is true that talking about the weather is a constant topic of conversation in this country, but the reason for this is not only climatic but social. Greeting people with expressions such as “lovely day, isn't it?” or “What terrible weather we're having, aren't we?” is our way of being friendly or starting a conversation. It may have very little to do with the state of the weather as such. We expect the other person to say “Yes, it is.” or “Yes, we are.” in the same way that we expect a person to say “Hello!” when we say “Hello!”. This custom can be very puzzling to foreigners. Of course, this way of making a conversation is closely related to the variability of our weather. There must be few places in the world where the weather changes quite so much from day to day. No wonder we take a daily interest in it! But I do think we are much too fond of running down our own climate, which is not half as bad as some people make out. It seems that our interest is more on speaking ill of it than the weather itself.
Yours faithfully, (Mrs.) G.L. Thompson Unit | Five Back

PASSAGE II
The British Like Talking About the Weather
1 The most important thing to remember about the weather in Britain is that it often changes. You can wake up to a beautiful blue sky and then it starts raining during breakfast. Similarly, you may decide not to go for a pi

cnic because it's too wet —

then later it's fine. 2 As it is not very common in Britain to have long periods when
the weather stays the same day after day, the kind of weather you get will depend not only on the time of year, but also on luck. The weather in Britain may explain a lot about what you find here. 3 For example,

the opportunities for people to meet outside depend a lot on the weather, so you
won't see people meeting and spending time together outdoors as much as you do in hotter countries. This may give some visitors the idea that the British are not very friendly. The weather helps to explain eating customs too; a large hot breakfast, for example, is a good idea on a cold dark morning.
Unit | Five

Exercises 4 Foreigners are often amused that the British spend so much time discussing the weather. An important reason for this is that the climate in Britain is interesting and variable. 5 Because the weather changes frequently, there's always something to say about it. This is probably the commonest way for strangers to start a conversation. At places like bus stops you might hear conversations start like this: 1st person: Lovely day, isn't it? 2nd person: Yes, isn't it?

Then they go on to talk about what the weather has been like recently or what it'll be
like next day. Another reason is that the British are reluctant to converse about 6

personal matters with people who are not friends. Mentioning the weather is also a useful way to greet someone you pass on the street; it's inoffensive to begin a conversation with someone you don't know at a social event. 7 A comment on a nice day or a personal complaint about the rain is an easy way to break the ice.
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Unit | Five

Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences (Para. 1) The most important thing to remember about the weather in Britain is that it often changes.
Analysis:To remember about ... is the post modifier of the sentence subject the most important thing, and that introduces the complement clause. Translation:关于英国的天气,需要记住的最重要的一点就是它多变。

Example:The worst problem to solve about the city is that it is desperately short of water.
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Unit | Five

Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences
2. (Para. 1) As it is not very common in Britain to have long periods when the weather stays the same day after day, the kind of weather you get will depend not only on the time of year, but also on luck. Analysis: Within the as-clause of reason, there is a relative clause introduced by when and modifying periods. And in its main clause, there is another relative clause you get modifying weather, with the relative pronoun that omitted. Translation:因为连续几天天气都保持不变的情况在英国不是很常见,所以会遇上 什么样的天气不仅取决于是一年中的什么时候,而且取决于运气。

Example:As the time when he will return home is not set, the welcome party
(that) we are going

to give him is not prepared yet.
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Unit | Five

Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences
3. (Para. 2) For example, the opportunities for people to meet outside depend a lot on the weather, so you won't see people meeting and spending time together outdoors as much as you do in hotter countries. Analysis:For people to meet outside modifies opportunities. Both meeting and spending time together are the object complement of the verb see, and do refers to see ... Translation: 举个例子来说吧,人们在外面见面的机会很大程度上取决于天气,因此你 会注意到这里人们外出见面或在外面共度时光的机会没有你在比较炎热 的国家里见到的那样多。 Example:The length of the conversation for the baby to give depends on its listener, so you won't hear it murmuring to the visitor as much as you do to its Back mother.
Unit | Five

Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences
4. (Para. 3) Foreigners are often amused that the British people spend so much time discussing the weather. Analysis: That is often used to introduce a clause which gives the cause or the effect of an adjective, just like amused in this case. Translation:外国人时常感到好笑,因为英国人花这么多时间讨论天气。 Example:They are often puzzled that he spends so much time working without any relaxation.
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Unit | Five

Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences

5. (Para. 3) Because the weather changes frequently, there's always something to
say about it. This is probably the commonest way for strangers to start a conversation. Analysis: In there's always something to say about it, to say … is the post modifier of something and it refers to the weather, so it means “we can always say something about the weather”. Another pronoun this refers to saying something about the weather. Please note the structure for sb. to do sth.

Translation:因为天气多变,人们对天气总是有话可说。这或许是互不相识的人最常把
天气作为话题的原因。 Example:Because the city has changed a great deal, there is always something to say about it, and this is the usual way for local people to start their talk.
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Unit | Five

Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences
6. (Para. 4) Another reason is that the British people are reluctant to converse about personal matters with people who are not friends. Analysis: Here that introduces a subject-complement clause, in which a relative who-clause modifies people.

Translation: 另外一个原因是英国人不愿同朋友之外的人谈论私事。
Example: The real reason is that he cannot forget the man who saved his life in that terrible accident.
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Unit | Five

Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences
7. (Para. 4) A comment on a nice day or a personal complaint about the rain is an easy way to break the ice. Analysis: Note that when or is used to coordinate two subjects, the verb must agree

with the subject after or. To break the ice is an infinitive clause

modifying an easy way.
Translation: 赞美天气好或抱怨天下雨是打破僵局开始交谈的一个捷径。

Example: Kind words or a friendly smile is a useful way to make the guest feel
comfortable.
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Unit | Five

Language Points
2 Important Words

1. depend v. (与on连用) 1) change according to (no passive) (无被动) 由…而定 e.g.

?
?

Whether the match will be held depended on the weather.
The success of a person depends on many things.

2) need someone or something for help or to be able to live 依赖,依靠
e.g. ? ? My wife and my children depend on me. I know you are my true friend whom I can always depend on.
Back Unit | Five

Language Points
2 Important Words

2. opportunity n. a favorable moment or occasion (for doing something) 机会,时机 e.g. ? Opportunity knocks at the door, but only those who are well-prepared can seize it. ? China's entry to the WTO brings us many wonderful opportunities.
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Unit | Five

Language Points
2 Important Words

3. outdoors

ad. in the open air 在户外

e.g.

? Children like playing outdoors no matter what the weather is like.
? They prefer walking outdoors to sitting indoors.
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Unit | Five

Language Points
2 Important Words

4. amuse v. make someone laugh; cause laughter in 逗乐,使发笑 e.g. ? I am amused by his funny experience in Paris.

? He is amused by the little girl's words.

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Unit | Five

Language Points
2 Important Words

5. climate n. the average weather conditions at a particular place over a period of year 气候 e.g. ? I am still not used to the climate here.

? She gets to love this place because of its agreeable climate.
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Unit | Five

Language Points
2 Important Words

6. discuss
v. talk about 讨论,谈论

e.g.
? They are discussing where to spend their May Day holiday. ? The leaders have discussed the problem but haven't worked out a

solution yet.
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Unit | Five

Language Points
2 Important Words

7. variable a. changeable, not steady 易变的,无常的,不稳定的

e.g.
? The winds today will be light and variable. ? Stock market is variable, and you'd better be cautious.

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Unit | Five

Language Points
2 Important Words

8. reluctant

a. unwilling and therefore perhaps slow to act 勉强的,不情愿的
e.g. ? He is very reluctant to accept the date with the girl. ? You cannot depend on him, for his promise is so reluctant.

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Unit | Five

Language Points
2 Important Words

9. converse
v. talk informally 交谈,谈话

e.g.
? After a year of study at university, I feel able to converse with anyone
about anything.

? They often converse over the phone.
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Unit | Five

Language Points
2 Important Words

10. personal

a. belonging or relating to a particular person, not to others
个人的,私人的 e.g. ? It's a matter of personal preference — I simply like the blue one. ? This is my

personal problem, and you have no right to know.
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Unit | Five

Language Points
2 Important Words

11. social a. relating to leisure activities that involve meeting other people 社交的,交际的

e.g. ? He is very shy on social occasions. ? You must take part in some social activities, otherwise you'll have no way to make friends.
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Unit | Five

Language Points
2 Important Words

12. comment v. make a remark, give an opinion 评论 e.g. ? The coach refused to comment on the result of the football match. ? His friends commented humorously about his new haircut. n. (an) opinion, explanation, or judgment written or spoken about an event, book, person, etc. 评语,评论

e.g. ? What comments do you have on this event? ? This is only my personal comment. Take it easy.

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Unit | Five

Language Points
2 Important Words

13. complaint n. (cause or reason for) being not satisfied 抱怨,投诉

e.g. ? I am fed up with your constant complaints about our present life. ? We can often hear his complaints about the Sales Department.

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Unit | Five

Read and Judge 6 Are the following statements true or false according to the passage? Write T / F accordingly. 1) The most important thing to remember about Britain is the weather. 2) People in Britain can enjoy lovely weather most of the year. 3) British people tend to talk about weather quite a lot.

4) It is quite common in Britain for people to comment on a rainy day or a
lovely day at a bus stop. 5) The eating habits of people in Britain have a lot to do with the weather conditions there. 6) The best word we may use to describe the weather in Britain is “predictable”. 7) The variable weather explains why British people talk a lot about it. 8) Talking about weather is an inoffensive way to begin a conversation with a stranger in Britain.
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Unit | Five

Read and Translate 7 Translate the following sentences into Chinese. 1) The most important thing to remember about China is that it is a huge country with a large population. 关于中国需要记住的最重要的一点是:它是一个幅员辽阔,人口众多的 国家。 2) Similarly, you can download the kind of software you like. 同样,你可以下载你所喜欢的软件。

3) China's National Football Team's success in the World Cup Qualifiers depended more on their excellent performance than on luck. 中国国家足球队在世界杯外围赛的胜利更多是依靠它出色的表现,而不 只是凭运气。
Unit | Five

Read and Translate 7 Translate the following sentences into Chinese. 4) However often they meet, there is always a lot for them to say to each other. 无论他们见面多么频繁,他们总是有很多话可说。 5) It is impolite to ask personal questions of those you don't know well. 向你不太熟的人问私人生活问题是不礼貌的。 6) She is reluctant to accept his invitation to see a movie. 她不大愿意接受他的邀请去看电影。 7) You won't se

e people spending as much as they did before the economic crisis. 你将很难见到人们像经济危机之前那样慷慨消费了。
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Unit | Five

Search Online

To find some ways of helping improve the air condition of a city.
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Unit | Five

SECTION V Appreciating Culture Tips
Discuss, Appreciate and Comment

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Unit | Five


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