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新编实用英语第三版综合教程Unit 6 Olympics and Sports

发布时间:2013-12-08 09:01:51  

Unit | Six
Olympics and Sports
Unit | Six

Unit Goals:
What You Should Learn to Do
1. Understand a sports event poster
2. Invite someone to see a sports event 3. Talk about and comment on a sports event 4. Invite friends to take part in outdoor activities 5. Design and write a sports event poster

What You Should Know About
1. Successful Beijing Olympic Games 2. Use of contextual reference of tenses
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Contents
Talking Face to Face
Section Ⅰ
Section Ⅴ

Appreciating Culture Tips
Section Ⅱ

Being All Ears
Section Ⅲ

Section Ⅳ

Maintaining a Sharp Eye

Trying Your Hand
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Section Ⅰ Talking Face to Face
Imitating Mini-Talks
Speak and Recite

Acting out the Tasks
Studying Posters, Notices and Announcements Following Sample Dialogues Putting Language to Use

Speak and Perform

Study and Imitate

Imitate and Perform Speak and Complete Speak and Communicate
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SECTION I Talking Face to Face
Imitating Mini-Talks
Speak and Recite 1 Work in pairs. Practice the following mini-talks about sports events and outdoor activities. 1) Talking About a Sports Event Poster Window on Key Words A: Look at the poster! B: Oh, there will be a fun sports meet in our school. 趣味运动会 A: Sunday morning, in the stadium. 体育场 B: And everybody is welcome!

比赛

细节

2) Suggesting Taking Part in a Sports Event A: Are you going to join the swimming contest? You are a good swimmer. B: A swimming contest? A: There is a poster of a swimming contest at the school gate. B: Great! I'll go and check the details. Unit | Six

Window on Key Words 学生会;骑自行车 3) Inviting One to an Outdoor Activity A: Our students' union will hold a cycling race this weekend around the city. B: Cycling? I love it. A: Would you like to come with us? B: Sure. 4) Talking About a Sports Event with a Friend A: You know, the City Inter-college Basketball Championship will be held in our university this May. B: Yes, I've seen posters almost everywhere on campus. A: I am eager to watch the game. B: Me, too. I can hardly wait.

锦标赛

国际徒步大会 (节);临近

5) Commenting on an Outdoor Activity A: The 3rd International Walking Festival is drawing near. B: Yes, there are posters everywhere around the city. A: Walking is a healthy outdoor activity. Back B: And we can relax both our mind and our body. Unit | Six

Acting out the Tasks
Speak and Perform 2 Work in pairs and act out the tasks by following the above mini-talks. 1 Task: Talk about the poster of an international women's volleyball match. 2 Task: Suggest going to watch a football match. 3 Task: Talk about a weekend fishing contest. 4 Task: Invite your friends to take part in a city long-distance race. 5 Task: Suggest taking part in a summer camping trip.

Back

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Studying Posters, Notices and Announcements
Study and Imitate 3 Posters and notices for Sports are common in newspapers, on campus and on notice boards (布告栏). Read the following posters carefully

and try to use the information to practice short dialogues.

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Back

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Following Sample Dialogues
Imitate and Perform 4 Read the following sample dialogues and try to perform your own tasks. 1) Do You Want to Watch the Basketball Match? A: Hello, Robert. Are you free on Saturday morning? B: Yes, why? A: There is a basketball match at the college gymnasium. Do you want to watch it? B: Sure. Between which teams? A: Our university versus Normal University. B: Oh, great! Let's go cheer for our team. A: Yeah. Normal University team is not easy to beat. B: So the match will be exciting. What time does it start? A: 8:30. Do you think you can get up on time? B: Of course. I'm eager to watch the game. A: OK. There will be three school buses waiting for us in front of the library. Let's meet there at 8:00 sharp. Unit | Six B: All right. See you then.

2) Are You Going to the Rowing Match? A: Hello, Ann. Are you going to the rowing match? B: Rowing match? Is there one? A: Haven't you seen the notice for a friendly match organized by the Students' Union? B: No, not yet. Who're competing? A: It's between the Chinese students and the overseas students in our college. B: Wow, that's going to be exciting! A: Yes. And everybody is welcome. B: Are you going to be on the Chinese students' team? A: No, I'm not good at rowing a boat. But I'll cheer for them. How about you? B: I want to be a member of the overseas students' team. I used to be on my school team in England. A: I'm sure the team will be happy to have you. B: I hope so. What time is the match and where? A: 4:00 p.m., Saturday afternoon. It's at South Lake. Back B: OK. I think I'll start training for it now.

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Putting Language to Use
Speak and Complete
5 Imagine you are talking with Mr. Power about a poster for a swimming contest. Read aloud the following dialogue with your partner by putting in the missing words. Have you seen You: Good morning, Mr. Power. 1 ______________ the poster on the school bulletin? Mr. Power: No, not yet. What does it say? You: It says 2 ____________________________ on the coming Wednesday. there will be a swimming contest Mr. Power: That's great! Who is the organizer? You: Well, 3 ______________ by the Recreational and Physical Culture it is organized Section. Mr. Power: I'd like to see the contest. 4 _________________________? What time and where is it You: 7:00 p.m. at the College Swimming Pool. Mr. Power: Good. I'll be free then. But where 5 _______________________? can we get the tickets You: Actually we don't need any tickets. The poster says admission 6 ______________. is free Back Mr. Power: Really? 7 _________________! Shall we go there together? That's wonderful You: OK. See you at 6:30 at the school gate. Unit | Six

Speak and Communicate 6 Imagine you are going to have a picnic with an American friend, Sherry, by the side of a lake. Fill in the blanks according to the clues given in the brackets. Then act it out with your partner. Y

ou: Sherry, what should we do this weekend? 1 (问她对什么娱乐活动感兴趣) _______________________________________? What kind of recreation are you interested in Sherry: Well, how about having a picnic? 2 (说明野餐是一种很好的户外娱乐) _______________________________________. Picnicking is a very good outdoor activity You: Good idea! 3 (同她商量去哪儿搞野餐) ____________________________? Where shall we have the picnic Sherry: How about going outside the city, by the side of the big lake? You: OK. 4 (说明湖边的空气清新) __________________________________, The air is fresh by the side of the lake and the scenery is beautiful.

Sherry: Well, what else shall we do there besides eating and drinking?
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Speak and Communicate 6 Imagine you are going to have a picnic with an American friend, Sherry, by the side of a lake. Fill in the blanks according to the clues given in the brackets. Then act it out with your partner.

You: 5 (提议尝试一下在湖中划船和钓鱼)
_______________________________________? Shall we try boating and fishing in the lake Sherry: Great! All these activities would be fun. You: 6 (表示看到她喜欢这些活动很高兴) ______________________________. I'm glad you like all these activities But I'm not very good at them. Sherry: Oh, come on! These activities can fire us up, get us refreshed and relaxed.

You: OK. I'm also eager to have a try at them. 7 (提议现在做些准备工作)
_______________________. Let's get prepared now Sherry: Yeah, we'll really have a lot to do.
Back

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SECTION II Being All Ears
Learning Sentences for Workplace Communication
Listen and Repeat Listen and Match Listen and Respond

Handling a Dialogue

Listen and Decode

Understanding a Short Speech / Talk

Listen and Complete Listen and Match

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SECTION II Being All Ears
Learning Sentences for Workplace Communication
Listen and Repeat 1 Listen to 10 sentences for workplace communication cross-referenced with their Chinese translations.

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Window on Key Words close 激烈的,势均力敌的 chess game 象棋比赛

incredibly 难以置信地

mountain climbing 爬山

Back

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Listen and Match 2 Listen to the following sentences for workplace communication in Column A and match each one with its Chinese version in Column B. Column A Column B

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Column A

Column B

Key: 1-h, 2-j, 3-f, 4-g, 5-i, 6-d, 7-c, 8-e, 9-a, 10-b
Back

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Listen and Respond

Script

3 Listen to 6 sentences for workplace communication and choose their right responses. 1) A) That's terrible. C) Why not? 2) A) You are just crazy. C) It sounds attractive. 3) A) Let's go on foot. C) What's wrong with them? 4) A) Work makes me tired. C) Shall we go for a walk now? 5) A) Why don't we join them? C) Don't mention it! 6) A) Come on! Don't be afraid. C) Mind your steps. B) Never mind! D) You are welcome. B) Cheer up! D) Come on! B) Are you crazy about basketball?

D) The match must be very exciting. B) Would you like to come? D) Are you interested in the work? B) Would you like to join us? D) It's on the notice board. B) Go ahead. D) Look out!
Back

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Script: 1. Would you like to come with us? 2. Aren't you crazy about tennis? Why not sign up for it?

3. Both the two football teams are very strong.
4. Walking is a healthy outdoor activity. 5. A poster says there is going to be a picnic lunch by the river this weekend. 6. Mountain cycling is so demanding that I am afraid I can't do it.
Back

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Handling a Dialogue
Listen and Decode Script

4 Listen to a dialogue and decode the message by finding out the correct choices in the brackets according to what you have heard. It is a very lovely day. Bob and his Chinese friend Xiao Li would like to have some 1 outdoor, out-of-the-door, out-of-date activity. Now they are discussing 2 when to set off, what to do, whom to invite . Xiao Li hasn't made up her mind yet, and Bob suggests they go to the lake area by 3 bus, bike, car . Xiao Li agrees by saying that they will have a good time enjoying the 4 foods, routes, woods . Bob believes it must be very enjoyable for them to see the beautiful 5 hill, view, dew on their way to the lake area. Xiao Li suggests that they should take their time so that they can 6 breathe in more fresh air, feel more relaxed, see more of nature . They've also decided to bring with them the 7 basketball, swimming suits, barbecue grills . They will have a nice picnic by the 8 lake, river, sea .

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Script: Bob: Look, Xiao Li. What a clear day! Xiao Li: Yes, it looks very nice. A good day for outdoor activities. Bob: Right. And it will be good for us to spend time outdoors. What do you feel like doing exactly? Xiao Li: I haven't made up my mind yet. What do you think? Bob: How about a bicycle ride to the lake area? Xiao Li: Good idea! Let's take a ride through the woods. Bob: Yeah! It would be so nice to take in the beauty of nature. Xiao Li: Yes, indeed. We'd better go slowly so that we can see more of the view. Bob: And we can take deep breaths of the fresh air. Xiao Li: Now let's see what we should bring with us. Swimming suits? Bob: No, the water might be cold by now. Just some food and drinks. Oh, yes, and perhaps the barbecue grills. Xiao Li: Barbecue grills? All right. With them we can have a good picnic by the lake. Back Bob: And how about the fishing rod and fishing line?

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Understanding a Short Speech / Talk
Listen and Complete 5 Now listen to a short speech / talk and fill up the blanks according to what you have heard. The words in brackets will give you some hints. Good afternoon, everyone. Welcome to my brief introduction to the Fun Outdoor Activities Club. Set up 1 ___________ ( when?), this club now has a last year membership ( 成 员 ) of 2 ___________ (how many?). We organize 3 over 300 ___________ (what kind?) activities including Walking, Mountain and Road outdoor Cycling, Camping,

Tennis, Fishing and Skiing. We also have such 4 ___________ (what?) as Boating and Bungee Jumping ( 蹦 极 ) that are activities organized occasionally. The club notice board will contain 5 ___________ details (what?) of these events and their organizers. We are now seeking any 6 ___________ (who?) that are interested in people activities to 7 ___________ (do what?) us. You don't need to be an expert. In join fact, complete 8 ___________ (who?) are encouraged. Join Fun Outdoor Back beginners Activities Club, and you will find your life 9 ___________ (how?)! full of fun Unit | Six

Listen and Match 6 Listen to the speech / talk again and complete the information in Column A with the right choices in Column B. Column A Column B a. welcome foreign visitors. 1) The purpose of this speech is to b. introduce outdoor activities. c. get more people to join the club. d. invite more people to visit the club.

a. outdoor activities. 2) The club organizes lots of b. indoor activities. c. competitions. d. tours.
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Column A a. walking. b. cycling. c. picnicking.

Column B

3) The club's activities do not include

d. camping.
a. experienced people. b. outdoor activity lovers. c. just the beginners. d. activity organizers.

4) Fun Outdoor Activities Club members are all

5) The speaker is most probably

a. a club member. b. an activity organizer. c. a club manager. d. an outdoor activity lover.

Back

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SECTION III Trying Your Hand

Practicing Applied Writing
Write and Simulate
Write and Create

Writing Sentences and Reviewing Grammar
Write and Apply Rules Write and Translate Write and Correct Mistakes Write and Describe a Picture

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SECTION III Trying Your Hand
Practicing Applied Writing
Write and Simulate 1 Read the following two sample announcements / posters and learn to write your own.

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Back

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Write and Create 2 Translate the following poster into Chinese, using the data bank in the Workbook for reference.

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Write and Create 3 Write an English poster according to the information given in Chinese. Begin it with GO! GO!! GO!!!.

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Write and Create 4 Write an English poster for a volleyball match according to the dialogue given below. A: Hi, Mike. Are you interested in going to watch a volleyball match? B: Oh, of course. Men's or women's? A: It's an international women's volleyball match between China and Cuba. B: Wonderful! The Chinese volleyball team is my favorite. What time will it start? A: 7:00 p.m. May 2. That's next Tuesday evening. Can you make it? B: Yes, I'll be free after 4:30. Where will the match be held? A: The City Stadium. It's very far away. But there will be a school bus leaving at 6:00 p.m. from the university. B: Good. I think I can manage it. Well, where can we get the tickets? A: Tickets are limited to 100 in our university. We can book them now at the Students' Union. B: OK. Let's go to the Students' Union right away. Back
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Write and Create 4

Write an English poster for a volleyball match according to the dialogue given below.

Back

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Writing Sentences and Reviewing Grammar

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Writing Sentences and Reviewing Grammar

Back

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Write and Apply Rules 5 Put in the proper tense form of the verb according to the adverbial or clause in each of the sentences. 1) They __________ (live) in the suburb when she was only a child. lived

2) The football match __________ (begin) at seven yesterday evening. began
3) The time of the entrance examination _______________ (be changed) to will be changed next week. 4) The students __________ (play) basketball energetically on the playground are playing right now. 5) The professor ____________ (explain) the questions to the students already. has explained 6) I __________ (try) to repair the car while you were watching TV. was trying 7) They went to have their dinner after they had finished(finish) the assignment. __________ 8) The bridge ___________________ (be built) by the time you come back will have been built from abroad.
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Write and Apply Rules 5 Put in the proper tense form of the verb according to the adverbial or clause in each of the sentences. 9) She __________ (tell) me that she would be very happy to have us in her told home at the weekend. 10) The children have already learnt from chemistry that water __________ is made (be made) up of hydrogen and oxygen. 11) He will come home as soon as he ____________________ (finish) his job finishes / has finished in the office. 12) I'll be very glad to go to the picnic if the weather __________ (be) fine is tomorrow. 13) She got angry with us and __________ (leave) the room without saying left goodbye. 14) “I __________ (see) the film. It is really worth seeing,” my sister told me have seen on the phone. 15) It __________________________ (snow) heavily just now and the was snowing / snowed Back ground is still covered with white snow. Unit | Six

Write and Correct Mistakes
6 Correct the errors in the following sentences. 1) Please give me a call when you will need me. Please give me a call when you need me. 2) The patient came to hospital for two days. The patient has been in hospital for two days. 3) I got the news that they have planted a lot of trees on the slope. I got the news that they had planted a lot of trees on the slope. 4) We'll have a boating race in the lake if the weather will be fine in the afternoon. We'll have a boating race in the lake if the weather is fine in the afternoon. 5) My supervisor promised that he will come to help me immediately. My supervisor promised that he would come to help me immediately. 6) Mr. Deng told me that he will not attend the party at the weekend. Mr. Deng told me that he would not attend the party at the weekend. 7) By the end of the term, we will all leave the university. By the end of the term, we will all have left the university. 8) The timetable shows that all classes began at eight. The timetable show

s that all classes begin at eight. Unit | Six

Write and Correct Mistakes
6 Correct the errors in the following sentences. 9) I have waited for you for a long time before I left in disappointment. I had waited for you for a long time before I left in disappointment.

10) There are even greater changes in the coming ten years. There will be even greater changes in the coming ten years.
11) Let's leave the place the moment I'll get the plane tickets. Let's leave the place the moment I get the plane tickets.

12) The watches they have produced a year ago were poor in quality. The watches they produced a year ago were poor in quality.
13) The actors were still performing on the stage although it rained hard. The actors were still performing on the stage although it was raining hard. 14) “Did you mind if I smoke here?” He asked us politely. “Do you mind if I smoke here?” He asked us politely. 15) If I will be rich, I will travel all over the world. If I am (were) rich, I will (would) travel all over the world.
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Write and Translate 7 Translate the following sentences into English.

1) 明天将有一场精彩的网球比赛,我已经搞到票啦!
There will be an excellent tennis match tomorrow. I have got the tickets already.

2) 小李告诉我,他那天下午参加了拔河 (tug-of-war) 比赛。
Xiao Li told me that he had taken part in the tug-of-war match that afternoon.

3) 等到明年的这个时候,一座现代化的体育馆 (gymnasium) 将在我校建成。
A modern gymnasium will have been built at our university by this time next year.

4) 运动员们在泳池中比赛游泳时,我们大声地为他们喝彩 (cheer)。
When / While the sportsmen were swimming, we were cheering for them loudly.

5) 运动对健康大有好处,因此我从年轻时就开始锻炼了。
Sports do a lot of good to the health. So I have been doing exercise since I was young.
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Write and Describe a Picture 8 Write a short passage of about 100 words to tell a story or about an event related to the picture given below. Some useful words and phrases have been provided here to help you. You may start the passage with the sentence: Fishing is my favorite sport.

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Key:

Fishing is my favorite sport. I often fish for hours without catching
anything. But this does not worry me. Some fishermen are unlucky. Instead of catching fish, they catch old boots and rubbish. I am even

less lucky. I never catch anything — not even old boots. After having
spent whole mornings by the lake, I always go home with an empty bag. “You must give up fishing!” my friends advise me, “It's a waste of

time.” But they don't realize one important thing. I'm not really
interested in fishing. I am only interested in sitting by the lake and enjoying the pleasant time.
Back

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SECTION IV Maintaining a Sharp Eye
PASSAGE I Information Related to the Reading Passage Text

PASSAGE II Information Related to the Re

ading Passage
Text

Language Points
Read and Think
Read and Complete Read and Translate

Language Points
Read and Judge Read and Translate

Read and Simulate
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SECTION IV Maintaining a Sharp Eye
Information Related to the Reading Passage
The Olympic Emblem Each Olympic Games has its own Olympic emblem, which is a design

integrating the Olympic rings with one or more distinctive elements. They are
created and proposed by the Organizing Committee of the Olympic Games (OCOG) or the National Olympic Committee (NOC) of the host country. It is the responsibility of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) to approve Olympic emblems for the Olympic Games. The Olympic emblems are used in promotional materials, by sponsors of the Olympics, on the uniforms of every Olympic competitor. All emblems are the property of the IOC.
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The 2008 Olympic Emblem Dancing Beijing is the name of the official emblem of the 2008 Summer Olympics, which took place in Beijing in the People's Republic of China. It was unveiled in August 2003 in a ceremony attended by 2 008 people at Temple of Heaven in Beijing. The emblem draws on various elements of Chinese culture, depicting a traditional red Chinese seal above the words “Beijing 2008” and the Olympic rings. The logo was created by Guo Chunning, the vice-president of the “Beijing Armstrong International Corporate Identity” (AICI). International Olympic Committee President Jacques Rogge delivered an address at the unveiling ceremony. Here is part of his speech: “Your new emblem immediately conveys the awesome beauty and power of China which are embodied in your heritage and your people … In this emblem, I saw the promise and potential of a New Beijing and a Great Olympics. This is a milestone in the history of your Olympic quest. As this new emblem becomes known around the world and, as it takes its place at the centre of your Games, we are confident that it will achieve the stature of one of the best and most meaningful symbols in Olympic history.”
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The International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the Olympic Games

The International Olympic Committee is an organization based in Lausanne,
Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. Its membership consists of the 205 National Olympic Committees. The IOC organizes the modern Olympic Games held in Summer and Winter, every four years. The first Summer Olympics organized by the International Olympic Committee held in Athens, Greece, in 1896; the first Winter Olympics in Chamonix, France, in 1924. Until 1992, both Summer and Winter Olympics were held in the same year. After that year, however, the IOC shifted the Winter Olympics to the even years between Summer Games, to help space the planning of the two events two years apart from one another.
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PASSAGE I
Dancing Beijing
Every emblem of the Olympics tells a beautiful story. 1 When the Beijing 2008
Olympic Games emblem “Chine

se Seal, Dancing Beijing” was first presented to the International Olympic Committee, the IOC officials all gave it high praise,

saying it was the best emblem ever designed. 2 The Beijing 2008 Olympic Games emblem is filled with Beijing's hospitality and
hopes, and carries the commitment made to the Olympic Movement by a country

that has a population of 1.3 billion and by a nation with both ancient civilization and
modern culture. “Dancing Beijing” is a symbol of trust and an expression of self confidence, standing for the promise that Beijing — the host city of the Beijing 2008

Summer Olympic Games — has made to the world and to all mankind.
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Exercises

3 “Dancing Beijing” is in a favorite color of the Chinese people. The color “red” is intensively used in the emblem, pushing the passion up to a new level. It carries
Chinese people's longing for luck and happiness and their explanation of life. Red is the color of the Sun and the Holy Fire, symbolizing life and a new beginning. Red represents a mind at ease, symbolizes vitality, and conveys China's blessing and invitation to the world. “Dancing Beijing” calls upon heroes.4 “Dancing Beijing” is a kind invitation. 5 Olympic Games function as the stage The open arms in the emblem say that where heroes are made, records broken and medals earned. China is opening its arms to welcome the rest of the world to join the Olympics, a celebration of “peace, friendship and progress of mankind”. 6 “Is it not a joy to have friends come from afar?”7 Come to Beijing, take a good look at the historical heritage of China's capital city, and feel the pulse of the country's modernization. Come, share every piece of its joy, and experience the slogan “One World, One Dream”.
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Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences

(Para. 1) When the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games emblem “Chinese Seal, Dancing
Beijing” was first presented to the International Olympic Committee, the IOC officials all gave it high praise, saying it was the best emblem ever designed.

Analysis: This complex sentence is introduced by when-clause, with +ing-clause as
the complement to the main clause “the IOC officials all gave it high praise”. Translation: 当2008年北京奥运会会徽“中国印,舞动的北京”首次提交给国际奥委 会 的时候,国际奥委会官员们都给予了它高度的评价,称这是有史以来设 计得最好的会徽。 Example: When he first came to that place, he could hardly believe his eyes, thinking that he must have bumped into a wonderland.
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Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences

2. (Para. 2) The Beijing 2008 Olympic Games emblem is filled with Beijing's hospitality and hopes, and carries the commitment made to the Olympic Movement by a country that has a population of 1.3 billion and by a nation with both ancient civilization and modern culture. Analysis: Note that the word commit

ment is followed by an attributive with “that was” omitted; a country is followed by an appositive introduced by that, and both a country and a nation are part of by in the passive voice structure. Translation:2008年北京奥运会会徽充满了北京的热情和希望,承载着一个拥有 13亿人口的国家、一个兼具古老文明和现代文化的民族为奥林匹克 运动所做出的承诺。 Example: The website published loads of pictures taken by those who have great interest in recording their personal lives by cameras and by Back those who are eager to share their happy moments with others.
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Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences 3. (Para. 3) “Dancing Beijing” is a symbol of trust and an expression of self confidence, standing for the promise that Beijing — the host city of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games — has made to the world and to all mankind. Analysis: The host city of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games is the inserted element, splitting the attributive clause introduced by that. Translation: “舞动的北京”象征了信任,表达了自信,代表了北京作为2008年奥运 会主办城市对全世界和全人类的承诺。 Example: Surprisingly, the local residents — people living there for generations — hailed their plans for reform.
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Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences
4. (Para. 5) Olympic Games function as the stage where heroes are made, records broken and medals earned. Analysis: An attributive introduced by where is used here. Note omission is used in the attributive. The auxiliary verb are is omitted in records broken and medals earned when similar structures occur on the run. Translation: 奥运会提供了舞台,英雄不断在此诞生,纪录不断在此被打破,奖牌 不断为人所摘取。

Example: His shoes were lost, glasses broken and knees bruised.
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Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences
5. (Para. 6) The open arms in the emblem say that China is opening its arms to welcome the rest of the world to join the Olympics, a celebration of “peace, friendship and progress of mankind”. Analysis: A celebration of “peace, friendship and progress of mankind” is the appositive of the Olympics. Translation: 会徽中张开的双臂表明中国正敞开怀抱欢迎世界各国的健儿前来参赛, 这是一场“和平,友谊和人类进步”的庆典。

Example: Welcome to our outdoor activities club, a place for relaxing both your mind and your body.

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Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences

6. (Para. 7) “Is it not a joy to have friends come from afar?” Analysis: This is a quote from Confucius. Translation:有朋自远方来,不亦乐乎? Example: Is it not a joy to be able to travel a lot?

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Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences

7. (Para. 7) Come to Beijing, take a good look at the historical heritages of C

hina's capital city, and feel the pulse of the country's modernization.

Analysis: Imperative structure verb + verb + and verb is used here to encourage people to do something.
Translation: 到北京来吧,好好欣赏一下中国首都的历史文化遗产,感受一下这个 国家现代化的脉搏吧。 Example: Come, share every piece of its joy, and experience the slogan “ One World, One Dream”

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Language Points
2 Important Words

1. present v. give or hand over something to somebody 交给,递给 e.g.

? He presented her with a signed copy of his new book.
? She happily presented her design to the jury.

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Unit | Six

Language Points
2 Important Words

2. hospitality

n. friendly and generous reception and entertainment of
guests or strangers, esp. in one's own home 好客,殷勤待客

e.g.
? Thank you for your kind hospitality. ? Chinese people are famous for their hospitality.
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Unit | Six

Language Points
2 Important Words

3. commitment n. things one has promised to do; pledge 承诺 e.g. ? I am overworked at the moment — I've taken on too many commitments. ? They have made a commitment to organizing committee to ensure the security of the city.
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Unit | Six

Language Points
2 Important Words

4. intensively

ad. concentrating all one's effort on a specific area 集中地;密集地

e.g.

? The students are trained intensively to form a good habit of
discipline. ? The summer courses focuses intensively on listening and speaking.
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Unit | Six

Language Points
2 Important Words

5. passion

n. strong feeling, eg. of hate, love or anger
强烈的(诸如仇恨、爱情或愤怒等)情感

e.g.
? Her speech was filled with great passion. ? Passions were running high at the meeting.
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Unit | Six

Language Points
2 Important Words

6. symbolize

v. be a symbol of something 象征(某事物)
e.g.

? The little girl drew a red disc with rays coming from it to symbolize
the sun. ? The logo symbolizes their passion for the career.
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Unit | Six

Language Points
2 Important Words

7. represent v. stand for 代表;表示

e.g. ? I am standing here, representing the whole class. ? The word “love” was represented by a small red heart.
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Unit | Six

Language Points
2 Important Words

8. vitality n. persistent energy; liveliness or vigor 活力,精力

e.g. ? This young city is full of vitality, progress and changes.

? The BRICs impressed the world with their economic vitality.
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Unit | Six

Language Points
2 Important Words

9. historical

a. concerning past events 历史的

e.g.

? Xi'an is another famous historical city in China.
? This city attracts thousands of tourists with its beautiful sceneries rather than historical sites.
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Unit | Six

Read and Think 1 Answer the following questions according to the passage.

1) What is a specific feature of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games emblem? It is designed in the form of a

Chinese seal showing Beijing is dancing.
2) What is the comment all the IOC officials gave to the design of the emblem? They all said it was the best one ever designed. 3) What spirit is represented by the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games emblem? It represents the hospitality and commitment of a nation with an ancient civilization and modern culture. 4) What does the red color of the emblem symbolize? It symbolizes life and a new beginning and it also represents mind at ease, symbol of vitality, and China's blessing and invitation to the world. 5) How would you interpret the Confucius' quote (引语) and the Beijing 2008 slogan “One World, One Dream”? The Confucius' quote: Welcome to Beijing, friends from all over the world. Back The Olympic slogan: We live in the same world and we share the same dream.
Unit | Six

Read and Complete

2 Complete each of the following statements with words or phrases from the passage.
1) Everyone got excited with the grand ____________ of the 60th anniversary celebration of the founding of the People's Republic of China. 2) Chinese people are famous for their kindness and ____________. hospitality 3) When all the lost things were ____________ to the owner by the police, he presented could hardly believe it was true. 4) The newly elected president was popular among his people for his dynamism and ____________. vitality 5) The webpage is ____________ for the convenience of the users. designed 6) The job requires not only hard work but also deep devotion and __________. passion
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3 Fill in the blanks with the proper words or expressions given below, changing the form if necessary. a symbol of make a promise historical heritage function as the host city be filled with up to a new level open one's arms to come from afar stand for 1) China has _________________ to the whole world that it will live peacefully made a promise to

with the rest of the world.
2) 2010 Shanghai World Expo pushed China's image _______________ on the up to a new level international stage. 3) What do you think should be ____________ of China, the Great Wall or the a symbol of Forbidden City? 4) This new holiday resort is ready to _______________ the general public. open its arms to 5) This conference ____________ a platform for people to exchange ideas. Unit | Six functions as

3 Fill in the blanks with the proper words or expressions given below, changing the form if necessary. a symbol of make a promise historical heritage function as the host city be filled with up to a new level open one's arms to come from afar stand for 6) He is a bit nervous in front of this unexpected visitor _______________. coming from afar 7) Nodding seems like an easy body language, but it may ____________ stand for agreement in one culture but totally the opposite in another. 8) As ____________ of World Economic Forum, Dalian and Tianjin have both the host cities done a great job. 9) Holiday seasons ____________ always ____________ happiness, joy and are fi

lled with peace. 10) The little girl is attracted by those __________________, enchanted by historical heritages things in the past.
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Unit | Six

Read and Translate 4 Translate the following sentences into English. 1) 我们公司对产品质量和顾客服务都有承诺。 have a commitment to

Our company has a commitment to both product quality and customer service.
2) 瑜伽 (yoga) 这项运动有助于使人们身心放松。 make ... at ease

Yoga helps to make your body and mind at ease.
3) 这次徒步大会受到所有参与者的高度赞扬。 the Walking Festival, high praise

The Walking Festival got high praise from all the participants.
Unit | Six

Read and Translate

4 Translate the following sentences into English.
4) 2008年奥运会,中国赢得了最多的奖牌,选手们打破了几项世界纪录。 earn medals, break records

In the 2008 Olympic Games, China earned the most medals and Chinese sportsmen broke several world records.
5) 我们的时代呼唤独立和合作精神。 call upon

Our times call upon independence and cooperation.
6) 孩子们渴望得到家长的关心和尊重。 long for

Kids long for the attention and respect from their parents.
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Unit | Six

Read and Simulate 5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences.

Every emblem tells a beautiful story.
Every design represents a spirit. 每一个孩子都有一个美好的梦想。

每一个人都希望拥有一个属于自己的家。

Every child has a beautiful dream.

Everyone hopes for a home of his own.

Unit | Six

Read and Simulate 5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences. When the emblem was first presented to the IOC, the officials all gave it high praise, saying it was the best emblem ever designed. When this new model was first put to the market, people all gave it plenty of praise, saying it was the best design ever made. 这张唱片专辑 (album) 刚一投放市场,就受到了所有歌迷的喜爱,他们争相到商 店购买。 这家商城刚一开业,就受到了所有顾客的热烈欢迎,他们纷纷前去购物。 When the album was first released to the market, the fans all loved it, rushing into shops to buy it. When the shopping mall was first opened for business, the customers all gave it a warm welcome, going shopping there. Unit | Six

Read and Simulate 5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences.

It was the best emblem ever designed.
It is the most extensive outdoor activity ever organized.

这是看过的最激动人心的比赛。
这是目前建成的最高楼房。

It is the most exciting match ever watched.

It is the tallest building ever constructed.
Unit | Six


Read and Simulate 5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences. “Dancing Beijing” is a symbol of trust, standing for the promise that Beijing has made to the world. Red is the color of the Sun and the Holy Fire, representing life and a new beginning. 梦想成功是每个人的追求 (pursuit),激励他们努力工作。 这个作品是他努力的成果,承载了他所有的希望。 Dreaming of success is the pursuit of everyone, driving / inspiring them to work hard.

This work is the child / result of his efforts, carrying all of his hopes.
Unit | Six

Read and Simulate 5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences. Olympic Games function as the stage where heroes are made known, records broken and medals earned. The contest functions as the stage where ideas are exchanged, experiences introduced and friendship made. 通过采取积极的生活态度,我们可以提高幸福感。 通过提供更多的交通选择, 这个城市可以大大改善交通拥堵状况。 Outdoor activities clubs function as the stage where health gets improved through outdoor activities. The Internet functions as the stage where information is obtained, opinions voiced and time killed.
Unit | Six

Read and Simulate 5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences. Is it not a joy to have friends come from afar? Is it not deep sorrow to hear you say that? 有机会认识这么伟大的人物不是一种荣幸吗? 让这么多的双胞胎一起坐在这里不是一个奇迹吗?

Is it not an honor to have the chance of meeting such a great person?

Is it not a wonder to have so many twins sit here together?
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Unit | Six

PASSAGE II Information Related to the Reading Passage
BOCOG The Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad (BOCOG) was established on December 13, 2001, five months after Beijing won the right to host the 2008 Olympic Games. BOCOG is responsible for numerous Games functions ranging from venue planning to environmental management to meet the timesensitive demands of the Olympic preparations.

Unit | Six

Jacques Rogge
Jacques Rogge (born May 2, 1942) is a Belgian sports bureaucrat. He is the eighth and current president of the International Olympic Committee (IOC). Rogge was elected as president of the IOC on 16 July 2001 at the 112th IOC Session in Moscow as the successor to Juan Antonio Samaranch, who had led the IOC since 1980. Under his leadership, the IOC aims to create more possibilities for developing countries to bid for and host the Olympic Games. At the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, Rogge became the first IOC President to stay in the Olympic village, to enjoy closer contact

with the athletes. In October 2009 he was re-elected for a new term as President of the IOC. In 2013 he will not be eligible for a new term.
Unit | Six

Paralympic Games

The Paralympic Games are a major international multi-sport event
where athletes with a physical disability compete; this includes athletes with mobility disabilities, amputations, blindness, and Cerebral Palsy. There are Winter and Summer Paralympic Games, which are held immediately following their respective Olympic Games. All Paralympic Games are governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC). 2008 Paralympic Games were held in Beijing.
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Unit | Six

PASSAGE II
Closing Speech by Jacques Rogge
Dear Chinese Friends, 1 Tonight, we will soon come to the end of 16 glorious days which we will cherish forever. 2 Thank-you to the people of China, all the wonderful volunteers and BOCOG! Through these Games, the world learned more about China, and China learned more about the world. Athletes from 204 National Olympic Committees came to

these dazzling venues and awed us with their talent.
New stars were born. Stars from past Games amazed us again. We shared their joys and their tears, and we marveled at their ability. We will long remember the

achievements we witnessed here.
Unit | Six

Exercises

3 As we celebrate the success of these Games, let us all together wish the best for the

talented athletes who will soon participate in the Paralympic Games. They also inspire
us. To the athletes tonight: You were true role models. You have shown us the unifying

power of sport. 4 The Olympic spirit lives in the warm embrace of competitive rivals
from nations in conflict. Keep that spirit alive when you return home. These were truly exceptional Games! And now, in accordance with tradition, I declare the Games of the XXIX Olympiad closed, and I call upon the youth of the world to assemble four years from now in London to celebrate the Games of the XXX Olympiad. Thank you!
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Unit | Six

Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences
(Para. 1) Tonight, we come to the end of 16 glorious days which we will cherish forever. Analysis: which introduces a relative clause. Note in translation, the sentence is cut into two separate parts.

Translation: 今晚,我们即将走到16天光辉历程的终点,这些日子将在我们的 心中永远珍藏。
Example: Tomorrow, they will come to the end of their global study tour which they will cherish forever.
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Unit | Six

Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences
2. (Para. 2) Thank-you to the people of China, all the wonderful volunteers and BOCOG! Analysis: This is an elliptical sentence, the full sentence will be “I would like to say thank you to …”. In speeches, another commonly used sentence expressing thanks is (my) thanks goes to … Translation: 感谢中国人民,感谢所有出色的志愿者,感谢北京奥组委。 Example: Thank-you to everyone who have helped me to make all this possib

le.
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Unit | Six

Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences
3. (Para. 5) As we celebrate the success of these Games, let us all together wish the best for the talented athletes who will soon participate in the Paralympic Games. Analysis: As introduces an adverbial of time, meaning when. Wish the best for sb. means 祝福. Translation: 在庆祝奥运会圆满成功之际,让我们一起祝福残奥会运动健儿们,预祝 他们在即将到来的残奥会上取得优秀的成绩。 Example: As Spring Festival is approaching, let us all together wish the best for every family.

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Unit | Six

Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences
4. (Para. 6) The Olympic spirit lives in the warm embrace of competitive rivals from nations in conflict. Analysis: The prepositional phrase in conflict is the post modifier of nations, meaning those nations are not on a peaceful and friendly terms. Translation:来自冲突国家的竞技对手之间的热情拥抱闪耀着奥林匹克精神的光辉。 (奥林匹克精神的光辉存在于来自冲突国家的竞技对手的热情拥抱。) Example: Tolerance can help solve the problems of those in conflict。

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Unit | Six

Language Points
2 Important Words

1. cherish

v. hold dear 珍惜

e.g.

? She cherished every minute the whole family stay together.
? People tend to cherish something that they lose or ignore when they have it.
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Unit | Six

Language Points
2 Important Words

2. awe v. inspire with wonder 惊奇 e.g. ? The audience were awed by the athletes participating in the Paralympics. ? Those boys awed everyone present with their hip-hop skills.
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Unit | Six

Language Points
2 Important Words

3. talent n. a special aptitude or faculty 天资;才干 e.g.

? The little boy has a great talent for music.
? The young man has proved his real talent in the project.

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Unit | Six

Language Points
2 Important Words

4. marvel
v. feel and show great surprise or wonder (followed by at or thatclause) 惊奇,感到不可思议 e.g. ? We marvel that she was able to fix a grand dinner within such a short time. ? We marveled at the beauty and peace of this place.
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Unit | Six

Language Points
2 Important Words

5. witness v. see something happen 见证,目睹

e.g. ? The crowd witnessed the whole accident.

? The whole nation witnessed the success of 2010 World Expo.

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Unit | Six

Language Points
2 Important Words

6. competitive a. involving in competition 竞争性的 e.g. ? They are competitive rivals, but that does not prevent them from

being good friends.
? The girl's health does not permit her to do any competitive sport.

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Unit | Six

Language Points
2 Important Words

7. exceptional a. unusually good, outstanding 杰出的,非凡的 e.g. ? She is an exceptional teacher. Children all admire her. ? This prize goes to those exceptional scientists who have made great achievements in their fields.
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Unit | Six

Language Points
2 Important Words

8. assemble v. gather together, collect 集合,汇集 e.g. ? World leaders assembled in Copenhagen discussing the issue of Climate Change. ? They are assembled here to celebrate the golden wedding anniversary of the old couple.
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Unit | Six

Read and Judge 6 Are the following statements true or false according to the passage? Write T / F accordingly. 1) Mr. Jacques Rogge gave his thanks to the Chinese people and the

volunteers in his closing speech. 2) The Olympic Games gave China a chance to learn about the world and vice versa. 3) The 29th Olympics saw 204 athletes from all over the world. 4) Mr. Jacques Rogge expressed his best wishes to the athletes who were going to participate in the Paralympics. 5) The unifying power of the Olympic spirit brought nations in conflict together in peace. 6) The XXX Paralympics is to be held in London 4 years later. 7) Mr. Rogge declared the XXX Olympic Games closed. 8) The 16-day 29th Olympics will leave the world forever with the memory Back of the achievements of talented athletes and the Olympic spirit. Unit | Six

Read and Translate 7 Translate the following sentences into Chinese. 1) Every July, graduates come to the end of their college life, which they will cherish forever. 每年七月,毕业生迎来他们大学生活的结束,那段时光让他们永生难忘。 2) The Internet offers people more chances of learning about the world. 互联网给人们提供了更多的机会去了解世界。 3) Now, in accordance with tradition, I declare the Winter Olympic Games open! 现在,遵照传统,我宣布本届冬奥会开幕!

4) She has been reading all the necessary information ever since in order to be able to participate in that project.
从那以后她一直在阅读必要的资料以便能够参与那个项目。
Unit | Six

Read and Translate 7 Translate the following sentences into Chinese. 5) The group awed us with their talent, teamwork and achievements.

这一组的才能、合作精神与成就让我们感到敬畏。
6) Every year CCTV chooses “Moving China Top Ten” as the true role models from across the whole nation.

每年中央电视台都在全国范围内挑选“感动中国十大人物”作为 真正的楷模。
7) The past two decades have witnessed great changes in information technology.

过去二十年,信息技术发生了巨大的变化。
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Unit | Six

Search Online

To offer suggestions to bid for 2022 World Cup.

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Unit | Six

SECTION V Appreciating Culture Tips
Discuss, Appreciate and Comment

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Unit | Six


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