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新编实用英语第三版综合教程Unit 8 From Fat to Fit

发布时间:2013-12-08 10:03:41  

Unit | Eight
From Fat to Fit

Unit | Eight

Unit Goals:
What You Should Learn to Do
1. See a doctor: patient's complaints 2. Inquire about symptoms 3. Give advice and write a prescription 4. Understand and follow a doctor's advice and prescriptions

5. Comfort a patient
6. Understand and write a doctor's prescriptions and medical instructions

What You Should Know About
1. Health advice 2. Medical advances

3. Use of conjunctions
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Contents
Talking Face to Face
Section Ⅰ
Section Ⅴ

Appreciating Culture Tips
Section Ⅱ

Being All Ears
Section Ⅲ

Section Ⅳ

Maintaining a Sharp Eye

Trying Your Hand
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Section Ⅰ Talking Face to Face
Imitating Mini-Talks
Speak and Recite

Acting out the Tasks
Studying Medical Instructions Following Sample Dialogues Putting Language to Use

Speak and Perform

Study and Imitate

Imitate and Perform Speak and Complete Speak and Communicate
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SECTION I Talking Face to Face
Imitating Mini-Talks
Speak and Recite 1 Work in pairs. Practice the following mini-talks about seeing a doctor and complaining of health problems. Window on Key Words 糟糕的

1) Complaining of One's Illness to a Doctor A: Oh, doctor, I feel so terrible! B: Let's see. What seems to be the problem? A: My whole body hurts. B: Perhaps you've got a cold. Take this medicine. 2) Asking About Taking a Medicine A: How shall I take the medicine? B: Two pills a time, three times a day. A: Before or after meals? B: After meals.

医药,药品

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Window on Key Words 关怀 事情,问题;麻烦 头痛

医疗的

牙齿检查 憎恨,不喜欢;牙钻 处方

3) Showing Concern for a Friend A: What's the matter / trouble with you? B: I've got a bad headache. A: Have you seen a doctor? B: Yeah. He asked me to have a good rest. 4) Giving Medical Advice A: You've got another bad tooth. B: Well, I often have very bad toothaches. A: You should have dental checks more often. B: Yeah. But I just hate to see the dental drill. 5) Giving a Prescription A: What's wrong with you? B: I couldn't sleep well. A: Let me prescribe the BEST medicine for you! B: I know what you'll say. You want me to do more exercise.

Back

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Acting out the Tasks
Speak and Perform 2 Work in pairs and act out the tasks by following the above mini-talks. 1 Task: Complain of one's illness to a doctor. 2 Task: Show concern for a friend. 3 Task: Explain how to use the medicine. 4 Task: Give medical advice to a boy suffering from a toothache. 5 Task: Prescribe medicine to help an overweight woman.

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Studying Medical Instructions
Study and Imitate 3 Here are instructions for taking two different medicines. Read the following instructions carefully and try to use the information to practice short dialogues.

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Back

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Following Sample Dialogues
Imitate and Perform

4 Read the following sample dialogues and try to perform your own tasks.
1) A Doctor Is Talking to a Patient Doctor

: What's wrong with you? Patient: I've got a sore throat and a bad cough. Doctor: Try this throat spray. You should feel relieved soon.

Patient: Thank you. How should I use it?
Doctor: Simply spray it in your throat three times a day. And remember not to drink or eat anything immediately afterwards. Patient: I see. Thank you very much. Doctor: Oh, remember to keep it in a cool and dry place. Patient: Yes, I will
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2) Talking About the Use of a Medicine

A: Why do you look so unhappy? Is there anything wrong?
B: It's my skin. It's so dry and rough.

A: You could try this skin oil capsule. Just rub the oil into your skin. It will
soothe and soften your skin immediately. B: Really? What are the ingredients? A: Vitamin E and vegetable oil.
Back

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Putting Language to Use
Speak and Complete
5 Imagine you are a doctor. An overseas student from England is suffering from a toothache. He is coming to you for help. Read aloud the following dialogue with your partner by putting in the missing words. You: What's 1 ______________? You don't look 2 ______________. the matter very well Patient: Oh, doctor. I have got a terrible toothache. You: Let me 3 ______________. Open your mouth. Oh, the whole gum (牙床) have a look is sore. Patient: I can't eat or sleep at all. I'm feeling weak and dizzy. worry You: That's no surprise. Don't 4 ______________. I'll prescribe 5 ______________ for you. It will 6 ______________ very soon. some medicine stop the pain Patient: Thank you, doctor. How should I take the medicine?

You: 7 _______________________ twice a day. And spray the liquid on the Take the tablets / capsule
several times a day gum 8 __________________. Patient: I see. Thank you, doctor.
Back

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Speak and Communicate 6 Imagine you are a tour guide. You notice that one of the tourists does not look very well. Talk with her and try to give her some help. Fill in the blanks according to the clues given in brackets. Then act it out with your partner.

Tourist: Excuse me. When will we be back at the hotel?
You: 1 (很快就回去。你没事吧?你看上去好像有点不舒服。) ___________________________________________________ Very soon. Are you sure you're all right? / Are you OK? ___________________________________________________. You don't look quite yourself. / You don't look well. Tourist: I don't feel very well. Perhaps I've got heat-stroke (中暑). You: 2 (这可真糟糕。你最好休息一会儿。你吃过什么药吗?) Oh, that's too bad. You'd better take a rest now. Have you ___________________________________________________ had / taken any medicine? ___________________________________________________. Tourist: Yes. I took some medicine, but I still feel sick.
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Speak and Communicate 6 Imagine you are a tour guide. You notice that one of the tourists does not look very well. Talk with her and try to give her some help. Fill in the blanks according to the clues given in brackets. Then a

ct it out with your partner.

You: 3 (看,这是风油精 (medicated oil),你可以先在太阳穴 (temple) 上擦一点。)
Look, this is medicated oil. You might want to rub some on your temples. ___________________________________________________________ Tourist: Thank you. I feel better now. You: 4 (但是你最好还是去看看医生。一到旅馆我就陪你去诊所。) ___________________________________________________________ But you'd better go to see a doctor. I'll accompany you to the clinic

___________________________________________________________. as soon as we return to the hotel.
Tourist: That's very kind of you. You have been really very helpful.
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SECTION II Being All Ears
Learning Sentences for Workplace Communication
Listen and Repeat Listen and Match Listen and Respond

Handling a Dialogue

Listen and Select

Understanding a Short Speech / Talk

Listen and Complete Listen and Match

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SECTION II Being All Ears
Learning Sentences for Workplace Communication
Listen and Repeat 1 Listen to 10 sentences for workplace communication cross-referenced with their Chinese translations.

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Window on Key Words bleed 出血 dizzy 头晕的,眩晕的 tired 疲劳的

lie down 躺下

flu 流感

treatment 治疗

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Listen and Match 2 Listen to the following sentences for workplace communication in Column A and match each one with its Chinese version in Column B. Column A Column B

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Column A

Column B

Key:

1-g, 2-a, 3-c, 4-f, 5-j 6-b, 7-i, 8-h, 9-e, 10-d

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Listen and Respond

Script

3 Listen to 6 sentences for workplace communication and choose their right responses. 1) A) Oh, thank you. B) Sit down, please.

C) That's a chance for you.
2) A) Thank you for the advice. C) Three times a day after meals. 3) A) Yes, it is beautiful. C) The nurse treats me well. 4) A) I hate to take any medicine! C) See you this afternoon. 5) A) No, I don't think so. C) How wonderful it is. 6) A) Yes, the tooth is killing me! C) Yeah, every now and then.

D) I've got a bad toothache.
B) I went to see the doctor. D) Not yet. But perhaps I should. B) The doctor works too hard. D) Well, let's wait and see. B) No. The appointment is tomorrow. D) I'd love to go with you. B) Don't mention it. D) The pleasure is mine. B) He does not like candy. D) No, he is a good boy.
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Script:

1. What's the trouble with you?
2. Have you taken the medicine?

3. Does this new treatment work well?
4. Have you seen a doctor?

5. Do I need to take some more medicine?
6. Does he often have bad toothaches?
Back

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Handling a Dialogue
Listen and Decode 4 Listen to a dialogue and do the following multiple choice exercises. 1) Jack doesn't feel well because __________. a. somebody has hurt his feelings b. he has taken some aspirin c. it is very cold outside d. he has got a bad cold 2) Which of the following is TRUE? a. Jack needs to have an injection.

b. Aspirin doesn't work well for Jack. c. Li is a medical doctor. d. Jack can't go straight to the hospital. 3) In the hospital, __________. a. the doctor tells Jack that he is seriously ill b. Jack tells the doctor that he is running a high fever c. the doctor wants to see if Jack's lungs are all right d. Jack tells the doctor that he's hurt his body badly Script

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Script: Jack and Li are good friends. Li: Why, Jack, are you all right? You don't look quite yourself. Jack: I'm feeling awful. I've got a terrible headache. Li: It might be a bad cold. Have you taken any medicine? Jack: I took some aspirin, but I still feel sick. Li: You'd better go to see a doctor immediately. Want me to go with you to the hospital? Jack: Oh, it's so nice of you. I do need your help. I just can't think straight at the moment. ... In the hospital, a doctor is receiving Jack. Doctor: What's the matter? Jack: I've got a terrible headache, a sore throat, and my whole body hurts badly. Doctor: Let me see. Oh, you're running a high fever. Jack: Am I seriously ill, doctor? Doctor: Don't worry. I think you've just got a bad cold. But you'd better take an X-ray first. Back Jack: Thank you, doctor. Unit | Eight

Understanding a Short Speech / Talk
Listen and Complete 5 Now listen to a short speech / talk and fill up the blanks according to what you have heard. The words in brackets will give you some hints. My grandparents live in a small 1 __________ (what?). They always get up village at about 2 __________ (what time?). Grandpa works 3 ___________ (where?) in the field five o'clock and Grandma is always 4 ___________ (how?) at home. Their 5 busy ___________ (what?) is mostly home-produced. They chat with their food spare neighbors in their 6 ___________ (what kind of?) time. They prefer to live 7 ___________ (how?). this way I live in a large 8 ___________ (what?) with all the modern facilities. I drive town a beautiful car 9 ___________ (where?). But my food is not very 10 to work ___________ (how?), nor is the air very fresh 11 ___________ (where?). I in my office healthy have a lot of worries and 12 ___________ (how much?) free time. very little You see, we have quite different life styles. But it's difficult to 13Back ___________ (do what?) which is better. say Unit || Seven Unit Eight

Listen and Match 6 Listen to the speech / talk again and complete the information in Column A with the right choices in Column B. Column A Column B a. life styles in the country and in the city. b. living standards of the rich and the poor. c. modern and traditional people. d. people's different attitudes toward life.

1) The speech mainly compares

a. do not have much to eat. 2) The speaker's grandparents b. both work hard in the field. c. get up and go to bed late. d. can enjoy fresh food and air.
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Column A

Column B

a. likes city life much better. 3) It seems that the speaker b. lives a fashionable life. c. misses the simple country life. d. enjoys life

without worries.

a. being busy all day long. 4) One advantage of living in a small village is b. having friendly neighbors. c. enjoying modern facilities. d. staying with old parents.
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SECTION III Trying Your Hand

Practicing Applied Writing
Write and Simulate
Write and Create

Writing Sentences and Reviewing Grammar
Write and Apply Rules Write and Translate Write and Correct Mistakes Write and Describe a Picture

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SECTION III Trying Your Hand
Practicing Applied Writing
Write and Simulate 1 Read the following samples of a doctor's prescription and medical instructions for taking medicine and learn to write your own.

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Back

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Write and Create 2 Translate the following instructions into Chinese.

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Write and Create 3 Try to understand the following medical prescription and translate it into Chinese.

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Writing Sentences and Reviewing Grammar

Back

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Write and Apply Rules 4 Combine each pair of sentences into one sentence using a proper conjunction.

1) Your nose is bleeding. You'd better lie down immediately.
Your nose is bleeding, so you'd better lie down immediately. 2) Bob got the prescription. Then he went to a drugstore.

Bob got the prescription and then he went to a drugstore.
3) Jack speaks a little Chinese. He can't write in it. Jack speaks a little Chinese, but he can't write in it. 4) The patient could not decide what to do. He asked the doctor for advice. The patient could not decide what to do, so he asked the doctor for advice. 5) I have to take a sleeping pill. I can't fall asleep easily. I have to take a sleeping pill, or / otherwise I can't fall asleep easily.
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Write and Apply Rules 4 Combine each pair of sentences into one sentence using a proper conjunction.

6) It must have rained yesterday. The ground is wet.
It must have rained yesterday, for the ground is wet. 7) He works as hard as others. He is in poor health.

He works as hard as others, although he is in poor health.
8) We listened to the report. We discussed it in small groups. We discussed the report in small groups after we had listened to it.

9) Tom has made big progress in his Chinese. He works very hard.
Tom has made big progress in his Chinese because he works very hard. 10) You know the rules of grammar. You will be able to write correctly.

As you know the rules of grammar, you will be able to write correctly.

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Write and Correct Mistakes
5 Correct the errors in the following sentences. 1) The man has had a bad cough recently, or he has to give up smoking. The man has had a bad cough recently, so he has to give up smoking. 2) Because your eyes are tired, so you should close them for a while. Because your eyes are tired, you should close them for a while. / Your eyes are tired, so you should close them for a while. 3) The old woman doesn't go out to do morning exercise seems very strange to her old friends. That the old w

oman doesn't go out to do morning exercise seems very strange to her old friends. 4) I'm not quite sure that you should take the medicine twice or three times a day. I'm not quite sure whether you should take the medicine twice or three times a day. 5) Although he hates TV, but he still watches the program every day. Although he hates TV, he still watches the program every day. / He hates TV, but he still watches the program every day.
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Write and Correct Mistakes
5 Correct the errors in the following sentences.

6) This is my room when I can do that I want to do here.
This is my room where I can do what I want to do. 7) The old couple moved to the country so that their grandchildren would have a garden which they could play. The old couple moved to the country so that their grandchildren would have a garden where they could play / in which they could play. 8) My sister doesn't like the material, nor I do. My sister doesn't like the material. Nor / Neither do I. 9) He doesn't speak and write French. He doesn't speak or write French. 10) They always jog around the campus without rains. They always jog around the campus unless it rains.
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Write and Translate 6 Translate the following sentences into English. 1) 医生走进诊所,开始工作。 The doctor went into the clinic and began to work. 2) 好好休息,你很快就会康复。

Have a good rest, and you will recover soon.
3) 她看上去很健壮,其实却很虚弱。 She looks very strong, but actually she is rather weak.

4) 把大衣穿上,不然会感冒的。
Put on your overcoat, or you'll catch a cold. 5) 虽然这个护士很年轻,但是认真负责。 The nurse is very young, but she is responsible.
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Write and Translate 6 Translate the following sentences into English. 6) 你可以自己做面部按摩,或者也可以请你妹妹帮你做。 You may do the face massage by yourself, or you may ask your younger sister to do it for you.

7) 我请了一天假,因为我觉得不舒服。
I had a day off, for I wasn't feeling well. 8) 他一定是感冒了,因为他的嗓子又酸又痛。 He must have come down with a bad cold, for he has got a sore throat. 9) 所有的药店都关门了,所以我没买到处方上的药。 All the drugstores are closed, so I can't fill this prescription. 10) 今天你咳得很厉害,所以要多喝些水。 Your cough is very bad today, so you'd better drink more water.
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Write and Describe a Picture 7 Write a short passage of about 100 words to tell a story or about an event related to the picture given below. Some useful words and phrases have been provided here to help you. You may start your passage with the sentence: Have you ever seen someone get burnt by accident?

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Key: Have you ever seen someone get burnt by accident? This is the case where the firstaid kit is needed. Sometimes, knowing what to do for an injured person before a doctor get

s to the scene can make all the difference between life and death in an emergency. If the person is burnt seriously, try to protect the burnt parts from being infected. If mild,

with skin unbroken, put the burnt area into ice water until the pain stops.
While applying first aid, send for an ambulance as soon as possible.
Back

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SECTION IV Maintaining a Sharp Eye
PASSAGE I Information Related to the Reading Passage Text

PASSAGE II Information Related to the Reading Passage
Text

Language Points
Read and Think
Read and Complete Read and Translate

Language Points
Read and Judge Read and Translate

Read and Simulate
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SECTION IV Maintaining a Sharp Eye
Information Related to the Reading Passage
WHO Definition of Health (世界卫生组织关于健康的定义)
Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. (健康乃是一种全面的涉及身心 和社会安康的完满状态,而不仅仅是没有疾病和身心衰弱的状态。)

The Five Vital Organs and the Six Hollow Organs According to Chinese Traditional Medicine (中医认为人体的重要脏器有实质“五脏”与内空的“六腑”)
The five vital organs: heart, liver, spleen, lungs and kidneys (五脏:心、肝、脾、肺、肾) The six hollow organs: small intestine, gallbladder, stomach, large intestine, bladder, sanjiao 六腑:小肠、胆、胃、大肠、膀胱、三焦 (腹腔的上中下)。
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Five Senses of Human Body (人类的五个感官)
sense of sight 视觉 sense of taste 味觉 sense of hearing 听觉 sense of touch触觉 sense of smell 嗅觉

Criteria of psychological health (心理健康的标志)
Self-acceptance and self-esteem 自我认可与自尊 Self-knowledge 有自知之明 Self-confidence and control 有自信与自控能力 Clear (though slightly optimistic) perception of reality 对现实有清晰(略微 乐观的)理解 Courage and resilience 有勇气与韧性 Balance and moderation 能保持平衡与适度 Love of others 有爱心 Love of life 热爱生命 Purpose in life 生活有目标 Back (Adopted from Capuzzi and Gross 1997) Unit | Eight

PASSAGE I
1 Don't Wait Until Death Does Its Part

We have but one body. It must last a lifetime. Without it, life ends, and we are done and finished. But do we treat our body fairly, lovingly, like prized possessions? Do we appreciate our body's nonstop efforts to function smoothly? My body asks for little: water to keep hydrated; food for nutrients, energy, and strong bones; rest when I'm tired or sick; and play to lift my spirits. Its ability to self-repair and respond to good care is incredible. But until recently, I have abused my body with excesses of all kinds. 2 Not only did I take its resiliency for granted, I was annoyed when a physical problem, such as a cold or injury, kept me from doing what I want. 3 Moreover, I was harshly critical when it failed to conform to standards o

f beauty in the media. 4 My overeating, lazy lifestyle, and excessive work had a negative impact on my life, though not fatal. I've also seen friends and family members destroy their body through drugs, alcoholism, or workaholism.
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For years I had good intentions to change, but I didn't follow through. I could see my future: increased medical expenses, exhausted senses,

premature death. 5 Once I understand that it is in my own self-interest to take
care of it, I'm struggling to develop a positive relationship with my body. Evidently, I'm not the only one with this awareness now.

I begin to make more constructive choices. Instead of asking the question,
“What do I want?” I ask, “What does my body need?” And then I respond accordingly. Positive actions — exercising, eating mindfully, getting

enough rest and water, limiting my work hours, and scheduling recreation —
have gradually become regular habits rather than disciplined efforts. After all, each of us gets only one body. So don't wait until death does its part. Appreciate our body and treat it lovingly. It will reward us with a longer, healthier and happier life.
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Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences

1. (The title)

1) From Fat to Fit: From Fat to Fit is a health website. Here in the phrase of
from fit and fat the word being is omitted — From Being Fat to Being Fit.

2) Don't Wait Until Death Does Its Part: Not until is often used to mean
something to the effect that in Chinese (别坐等某种结果来临,等到……时候就晚了。此标题可译为:不要坐等 死亡伸出魔爪。)
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Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences 2. (Para. 3) Not only did I take its resiliency for granted, I was annoyed when a physical problem, such as a cold or injury, kept me from doing what I want. Analysis: Not only is a negative phrase often used to begin a clause with an inverted S + V order , as did I in the first clause. Very often “not only” is correlated with “also” in the following clause.

Translation: 我不仅把其韧性看做是理所当然的,而且当身体出现一点小毛病,
如得了感冒或受了点小伤,使我没法去做想做的事,我便会大为光火。 Example: Not only did he take his parents' support for granted, he was (also) angry when a delayed help, such as a slow response to his need of money, kept him from buying what he wanted.
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Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences
3. (Para. 3) Moreover, I was harshly critical when it failed to conform to standards of beauty in the media. Analysis: Note that the first to shows that an infinitive form is required to follow fail, while the second to after the verb conform is a preposition, requiring a noun (phrase) or a gerund to be its object, as in conform to the standards of beauty in the media in the sentence above. Translation: 更有甚者,当身体未能达到媒体宣传

的审美标准时,我还会粗暴地对 其加以挑剔。

Example: Moreover, he would scream when his parents failed to listen to his Back complaints. Unit | Eight

Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences
4. (Para. 3) My overeating, lazy lifestyle, and excessive work had a negative impact on my life, though not fatal. Analysis: Though not fatal is an elliptical adverbial clause of concession. The complete structure should be “though it is not fatal”. Such a clause could also be put at the beginning of the main clause. Translation: 我的饮食无度、懒散的生活方式和过度工作都给我的生命带来了虽不 致命但却很负面的影响。 Example: His parents' excessive love had a negative impact on his way of life, though not very serious.

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Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences
5. (Para. 4) Once I understand that it is in my own self-interest to take care of it, I'm struggling to develop a positive relationship with my body. Analysis: Once is used as a conjunction, meaning “immediately after”, or “as soon as” and introducing an adverbial clause of time. The first it is the formal subject of is in the that clause, while the second it is a pronoun referring to my body. Translation: 一旦明白了爱护身体是在维护自己的利益,我便努力去培养与我的身体 的积极关系。 Example: Once we realize that it is for our own good to protect the earth, we begin to repair the harmonious relationship with Nature.

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Language Points
2 Important Words

1. possession

n. anything owned by a certain person 拥有物,财产
e.g. ? The possession of a degree does not necessarily guarantee a good job. ? The old lady's possessions could fit in one small suitcase.
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Language Points
2 Important Words

2. incredible

a. beyond belief or understanding 令人难以置信的
e.g.

? He ran at an incredible speed, and won another gold medal
for our country. ? For such a little girl, she had an incredible courage.
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Language Points
2 Important Words

3. abuse v. treat badly, use excessively 虐待,滥用

e.g. ? The animals in our local zoo are never physically abused.

? He abused his power while in office.
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Language Points
2 Important Words

4. resiliency

n. the physical property of returning to its original shape or
position 弹性,恢复能力

e.g.
? Vitamin C could improve the resiliency of the skin. ? The quick resiliency from the disease reflects your good health.
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Language Points
2 Important Words

5. conform
v. behave in accordance or in agreement with; satisfy a condition or restriction 遵守;适应;使符合,使一致

e.g. ? If you don't conform to the traffic laws, you might get injured.

? Every student is required to conform to the school rules.
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Language Points
2 Important Words

6. exhausted a. drained of e

nergy or effectiveness; extremely tired 精疲力竭的,耗尽用完的 e.g. ? All the students were sweating, dirty and exhausted after the hard training. ? It is impossible to grow wheat in such exhausted soil.
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Language Points
2 Important Words

7. premature

a. born earlier than at the expected time
比预期早的,不成熟的;早产的 e.g. ? This disease produces premature aging of the brain. ? Let's try to avoid premature judgment.

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Read and Think 1 Answer the following questions according to the passage.

1) Why do we have to treat our body fairly and lovingly?
Because we have but one body. Without it, life ends, and we are done and finished. 2) Why should we appreciate our body? Because our body makes nonstop efforts to function smoothly. 3) What does our body need to function smoothly? It needs water to keep hydrated; food for nutrients, energy, and strong bones; rest when we are tired or sick; and play to lift our spirits. 4) How did the author abuse his body in the past years? He took its resiliency for granted. He was annoyed when a physical problem kept him from doing what he wanted. He was harshly critical when his body failed to conform to standards of beauty in the media.
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Read and Think 1 Answer the following questions according to the passage. 5) What consequence might be expected if our body continues to be abused? We would only expect increased medical expenses, exhausted senses and premature death. 6) Why does the author begin to struggle to develop a positive relationship with his body? Because he understands that it is in his own self-interest to take care of his body. 7) What regular habits has the author gradually developed? The author has begun to do regular exercise, eat mindfully, get enough rest and water, limit his work hours, and schedule recreation.
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Read and Complete 2 Complete each of the following statements by choosing the correct answers. 1) The sentence “without it, life ends, and we are done and finished” means ____.

a. we all want to have a stronger body
b. our body does a lot for us c. there is a lot to be done with our body d. life won't continue without a healthy body 2) Which of the following statements about our body is TRUE? a. Our body has been always treated with love and care.

b. Our body can be strong only through disciplined efforts.
c. Our body keeps working hard for us. d. Our body has ability to function well all the time.
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2 Complete each of the following statements by choosing the correct answers. 3) Which of the following was the author's previous attitude towards his body? a. He treated it like prized possessions. b. He ate too much to keep fit. c. He limited his work hours to get enough rest. d. He tried to respond to its demands. 4) According to the author, the essential thing to do in order to keep a strong and healthy body is ____________. a. to build up good habits b. to incr

ease resiliency of strong bones c. to do excessive work and recreation d. to conform to standards of beauty 5) What is the main idea of the passage? a. Many people don't know how to take care of their body. b. We should treat our body fairly and lovingly. c. Some people do not work hard enough. d. Water and food are important to us.

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3 Fill in the blanks with the proper words or expressions given below, changing the form if necessary. Abuse awareness incredible lifestyle discipline prized exhaust positive fatal harsh hydrate premature schedule

1) After the military training, the students became more ____________. disciplined 2) My headache must have been caused by my bad ____________. I often stay lifestyle up too late. 3) Most of us take our family and friendship as our ____________ possessions. prized

4) She was born ____________, and has been suffering from poor health all the premature
time. 5) He told us that this hot spring's ____________ effect on health is __________. positive incredible

6) The animals in this zoo look ____________. They are not treated lovingly. abused
Unit | Eight

3 Fill in the blanks with the proper words or expressions given below, changing the form if necessary. Abuse awareness incredible lifestyle discipline prized exhaust positive fatal harsh hydrate premature schedule

7) The mixture is allowed to ____________ for approximately 3 minutes. hydrate 8) The meeting was ____________ to begin at eight o'clock. But only a few scheduled appeared on time. 9) Natural disasters further raised people's ____________ of environmental awareness protection. fatal 10) Is AIDS still regarded as a ____________ disease? exhausted 11) I finished all the difficult reading materials in 5 hours and felt quite ________. 12) He blamed me so ____________ that I felt hurt and angry. harshly
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Unit | Eight

Read and Translate 4 Translate the following sentences into English. 1) 你只有一个选择:要么信守诺言,要么失去我们的信任。 have but one, follow through You have but one choice: either to follow through on your promise, or to lose our trust. 2) 那位姑娘请求帮助,周围的人给予了肯定的回应。 ask for, respond to The young girl asked for help, and people around responded positively.

3) 你的工作又未能达到标准。别把其他团队成员的原谅当成理所当然之事。

fail to, take for granted
Your work fails to reach the standard again. Don't always take the other team members' forgiveness for granted.
Unit | Eight

Read and Translate 4 Translate the following sentences into English. 4) 我希望你能明白我是为你做了这件事,而不是为我自己的利益。 rather than, in one's own self-interest I hope you could understand that I did this for you rather than in my own selfinterest. 5) 我们的所作所为要合法,而不是按照我们自己的选择去做。 conform to, instead of What we do has to conform to the law instead of our own choi

ce. 6) 那位流行歌手在媒体上说的话对歌迷们影响很大,毕竟他们大多数都还 非常年轻。 in the media, impact on, after all The pop singer's words in the media have a strong impact on the fans. After all, most of them are still quite young.
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Unit | Eight

Read and Simulate 5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences. Its ability to self-repair and respond to good care is incredible. Her ability to self-adjust and look for opportunities is great. 他自学与汲取知识的能力很强。 我姐姐自立与照顾他人的能力是超常的。

His ability to self-teach and take in knowledge is very strong.

My sister's ability to self-control and care for others is extraordinary.
Unit | Eight

Read and Simulate 5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences. Not only did I take its resiliency for granted, I was annoyed when a physical problem, such as a cold or injury, kept me from doing what I want. Not only does she take others' help for granted, she is unhappy when an easy task, such as online search or copying a report, keeps her from doing what she enjoys. 我们不仅把大自然看作是理所当然的,而且当出现暴雨或大雪之类的坏天气,使 我们没法做想做的事时,我们便会感到很难受。 他不仅把自己的职责看作是理所当然的,而且当出现了问题,如任务太重或有人 抱怨,使他没法按自己的意愿行事时,他便会很不高兴。 Not only do we take Nature for granted, we are upset when bad weather, such as a storm or heavy snow, keeps us from doing what we want. Not only did he take his duty for granted, he was unhappy when a problem, such as dealing with a heavy task or facing somebody's complaint, kept him from doing what Unit | Eight he chose to do.

Read and Simulate 5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences.

My overeating, lazy lifestyle, and excessive work had a negative impact on my life, though not fatal. His hardworking, disciplined lifestyle and kind heart have a positive impact on his children, though not direct.
他的贪杯,糟糕的生活方式和过度沉迷于游戏,都给他的健康带来了虽不致命但 却是可怕的影响。 她的天赋,简单的生活方式和严谨的时间安排,都给她的事业带来了虽不明显但 却很积极的影响。 His overdrinking, bad lifestyle, and excessive games had a terrible impact on his health, though not fatal.

Her talent, simple lifestyle, and strict work schedules had a positive impact on her career, though not obvious.

Unit | Eight

Read and Simulate 5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate t

he Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences. Once I understand that it is in my own self-interest to take care of it, I'm struggling to develop a positive relationship with my body. Once we know that it is for our own good to pay the fee, we are willing to take the trouble. 一旦我明白买保险是在维护自己的平安,我便试着说服朋友们也买保险。 一旦她明白存钱对自己有益,她便开始每月存一点。 Once I understand that it is for my own safety to buy insurance, I'm trying to persuade my friends to buy it.

Once she understood that it was in her own interest to save some money, she began to save a bit every month.
Unit | Eight

Read and Simulate 5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences. Positive actions — exercising, and eating mindfully ... have gradually become regular habits rather than disciplined efforts. Active actions — walking, and sleeping properly have gradually become a pleasure rather than a duty . 有节制的行为,如少饮酒和多锻炼,已逐渐成为我的生活方式而不是要花力气去 做的事。 良好的举止,如微笑和文雅的谈吐,已逐渐成为她的习惯而非需要强迫自己去做 的行为。 Disciplined actions — less drinking, and more exercise have gradually become my lifestyle rather than hard work. Good behavior — smiling, and talking gently has gradually become her habit rather than forced actions.
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Read and Simulate 5 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences. After all, each of us gets only one body. So don't wait until death does its part. After all, each of us gets only one life. So don't wait until we are too old to enjoy it.

毕竟,我们每个人都只有一个童年。所以不要坐等我们长大成人。
毕竟,我们每个人都只有一个母亲。所以不要坐等她白了头才关心她。

After all, each of us has only one childhood. So don't wait until we become adults.

After all, each of us gets only one mother. So don't wait to care about her until her hair is white.
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Unit | Eight

PASSAGE II Information Related to the Reading Passage

The song mentioned in the passage My Heart Will Go on is the theme

song of the feature film Titanic. The film has won several Oscar Academy
Awards. The director James Cameron has made it a box office hit not only in America, but also in the whole world. The song, together with the touching love between Rose and Jack, strikes a chord with a vast number of audience.
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Unit | Eight

PASSAGE II
The Loving Heart Will Go On
Carmen's mother Maria had just survived a serious heart attack. 1 But her life was still in constant danger without a heart transplant. Both mother and daughter knew that the chances were very sm

all: finding a donor heart that matched Maria's blood type and body size could take years. However, Carmen was determined to save her mother's life. She kept contacting hospitals all over the country. She also stuck a card to her car. It read, “If I'm in an accident, please make sure my heart is donated to my mother”. Days stretched into weeks and months. By Christmas, Maria had trouble walking in the room. Carmen was in despair. She fell into a corner of the hospital and began to cry. “Are you OK?” a man asked. “No,” she said, looking up. “My mother is dying.” Carmen sobbed as she told the stranger her story. This middleaged man was Frank. 2 His wife, Cheryl, a tender and devoted mother of four lovely children, had been in hospital with a brain disease. Doctors expected her to return home within a week.

Unit | Eight

Exercises 3 However, things didn't turn out as expected. Cheryl suddenly fell into a deep coma. 4 Frank was told that there was only a million-to-one chance. Two days later, it became clear that Cheryl would not make it through the night. This time, Carmen found Frank crying. “She's leaving us. She'll never wake up again.” Suddenly, an idea came to Frank's mind: Cheryl had always wanted to donate something from herself. 5 She had been very open about it and had checked “yes” on her driver's license. Could her heart go to Carmen's mother? After reviewing the data, doctors informed Frank that his wife's heart was by some miracle a perfect fit for Carmen's mother. They were able to carry out the transplant. That night, when Cheryl was declared dead, Frank knocked at Maria's door. She was sitting on the bed praying for Frank's family. Though Maria had never met Frank before, they both felt a strange bond as they hugged and cried. Carmen stood by crying in a low voice, “I can never pay you back.” Her voice was choked with tears. 6 On New Year's Eve, Carmen stood by Frank's family at Cheryl's funeral, who were singing one of their favorite songs, “My heart will go on.” One day later, on New Year's Day, Maria woke up with Cheryl's heart. Yes, Cheryl's loving heart would go Back on, for it was alive in another loving mother's chest.

Unit | Eight

Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences 1.(Para. 1) But her life was still in constant danger without a heart transplant.
Analysis: The prepositional phrase in ... danger refers to a state. The antonym is “out of danger”. Similar pairs are: in / out of order (有序/无序), in / out

of trouble (陷入/摆脱麻烦), in / out of love (爱上/不再爱), in / out of
form (在状态/不在状态). Translation: 但由于没进行心脏移植,她的生命还随时处在危险之中。 Example: Their company is often in big trouble without a smart manager.
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Unit | Eight

Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences
2. (Para. 6) His wife, Cheryl, a tender and devoted mother of four lovely children, had been in hospital with a brain dis

ease. Analysis: Both Cheryl and a tender and devoted mother of four lovely children are

appositions of his wife. Appositions are often separated by commas.
Translation: 他的妻子绮瑞尔,一位四个可爱孩子的温柔尽心的母亲,因大脑病变已 住院治疗。

Example: My sister, Cindy, a lively and trusted friend of all our neighbors, is the organizer of the community party.

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Unit | Eight

Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences
3. (Para. 7) However, things didn't turn out as expected. Analysis: As expected can be understood as an adverbial clause of manner, meaning “in the way in which things are expected to turn out to be”. The words omitted after as could be “they were”. Translation: 然而,事情的发展并不像预期的一样。 Example: However, the case didn't come out as expected.
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Unit | Eight

Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences 4. (Para. 7) Frank was told that there was only a million-to-one chance.

Analysis: The conjunction that introduces an object clause. Million-to-one is a

compound word, meaning “one millionth, very small” in this case.

Translation: 弗兰克被告知她康复的可能已微乎其微了。

Example: The players were informed that there was a half-and-half chance to win the game.
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Unit | Eight

Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences 5. (Para. 8) She had been very open about it and had checked “yes” on her driver's

license.
Analysis: It refers to the donation matter mentioned above. The fact that Cheryl checked “yes” illustrates her openness and tells people that she was willing to donate her organs. Translation: 她对此事想得很开,并且在驾驶执照的相关栏里选取了“愿意”一项。 Example: As for the necessity of reform, he has shown great concern about it and has ticked “totally agree” on the questionnaire (问卷调查表).
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Unit | Eight

Language Points
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences
6. (Para. 11) On New Year's Eve, Carmen stood by Frank's family at Cheryl's funeral, who were singing one of their favorite songs, “My heart will go on.” Analysis: Who introduces an unrestricted clause, modifying Frank's family. My Heart Will Go On is the title of the song they were singing at Cheryl's funeral. Translation: 除夕夜,在绮瑞尔葬礼上,卡门与弗兰克一家人站在一起唱起他们最喜 爱的一首歌: 《我心永恒》。 Example: On her birthday, Cindy was invited to Mary's family, who received her as their own daughter.
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Unit | Eight

Language Points
2 Important Words

1. constant

a. going on all the time; frequently occurring 持续的;经常的

e.g.

? The computer center is kept at a constant temperature.
? Her constant headache is a result of her habit of overwork.

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Unit | Eight

Language Points
2 Important Words

2. stretch

v. extend; become longer or wider when pulled 延伸;伸展
e.g. ? The forest used to stretc

h for hundreds of miles. ? The children stretch their neck to see what was happening in the teacher's test tube.
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Unit | Eight

Language Points
2 Important Words

3. despair

n. the state of having lost all hope 绝望

e.g. ? In despair, she tore the check into small pieces. ? Your silly words drove her to despair.
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Unit | Eight

Language Points
2 Important Words

4. devoted a. very loving or loyal 全心奉献的,忠诚的

e.g. ? The Queen believes that all her subjects (臣民) are devoted. ? I used to believe that he was a devoted friend.

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Unit | Eight

Language Points
2 Important Words

5. miracle n. something good or welcome, which does not follow the known laws of nature 奇迹 e.g. ? The child's life was saved by a miracle. ? The doctor said that his recovery was a pure miracle.
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Unit | Eight

Language Points
2 Important Words

6. hug

n. v. put(ting) the arms around tightly, esp. to show love 拥抱

e.g.

? My mother always gives me a hug and a kiss before I go to sleep.
? The little girl hugged her doll lovingly.

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Unit | Eight

Language Points
2 Important Words

7. choke

v. be unable to breathe 窒息;哽咽,噎住

e.g.

? She stared at him, choked with anger.
? The winner of the prize was almost choked with excitement.

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Unit | Eight

Read and Judge 6 Are the following statements true or false according to the passage? Write T / F accordingly.

1) Carmen helped her mother survive a bad heart attack. 2) Maria's life couldn't be saved unless she had her heart replaced.

3) It's easy to find a donor heart for Maria's case.
4) Frank felt hopeless about his wife's illness from the very beginning. 5) Cheryl had a loving heart for all people as well as her own children. 6) After Cheryl died, doctors found her heart a perfect match for Maria. 7) Maria hugged Frank when she got to know who he was. 8) Cheryl's funeral was a touching scene.
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Unit | Eight

Read and Translate 7 Translate the following sentences into Chinese. 1) But her life was in constant danger without a heart transplant.

但由于没进行心脏移植,她的生命还随时处在危险之中。

2) Finding a donor heart that matched Maria's blood type and body size could take years. 要找到一颗与玛利娅血型和体型相配的捐赠心脏可能得花上好几年。

3) She had been very outspoken about donating her organs and had checked yes on her driver's license. 她对捐献器官坦言无忌,并且在驾驶执照上与此相关的一栏里签上了 “愿意” 。
Unit | Eight

Read and Translate 7 Translate the following sentences into Chinese. 4) After reviewing the data, doctors informed Frank that his wife's heart by some miracle was a perfect fit for Carmen's mother. 在验查了有关数据之后,医生告诉弗兰克,简直是奇迹,他妻子的心脏恰是 卡门母亲的完美捐赠体。

5) Yes, Cheryl's loving heart will go on to live in another loving mother's chest.

是的,绮瑞尔那颗博爱的心将会继续跳动在另一位充满爱心的母亲的胸膛中。

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Unit | Eight

Search Online

To find some ways in which health tips and medical prescriptions are given to keep us fit and fine.

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Unit | Eight

SECTION V Appreciating Culture Tips
Discuss, Appreciate and Comment

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Unit | Eight


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