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英语元音字母与字组的发音规则

发布时间:2013-12-08 15:00:43  

目录

字母在单词中的发音 ....................................................................................................................... 1 辅音字母在单词中不发音的规则 ................................................................. 错误!未定义书签。

字母组合........................................................................................................................................... 6

元音字母组合及发音 ....................................................................................................................... 9

字母在单词中的发音

元音字母在单词中的发音 开音节

1)以发音的元音字母结尾的单节。 例:be,he。

2)以辅音字母(r 除外)+不发音的e结尾的音节。 例:make,like。

* 在重读的开音节中元音字母按字母名称读音。

闭音节

以一个或几个辅音字母(r 除外)结尾而中间只有一个元音字母的音节,

称为闭音节。例:map,desk,is。

* 在重读的闭音节中元音字母读做短元音。

Aa [ei] 在单词中的发音

1. 在重读开音节中发字母音[ei]

a age able ache bake cake snake wake lake make take case cable age save

base

tape wave date race

face name same game frame gate hate male pale sale taste

shave shade race plane plate place page space safe slave state table stable stage skate paste trace trade waste (注意have[] ,ate []和 vase的英国发音)

2. 在重读闭音节中发[?]

at act ash bag bad bat cap cat can dad fact hand jam black thank rabbit glad chat van vat sad

3. 在非重读音节中发[?]

a'go a'wake a'live a'lone a'long a'side a'board a'broad a'round a'bout a'bove a'ccept a'djust a'like American a'mount a'sleep a'ware a'way a'part

4. 在重读-r音节中发[α:]

car star start far arm army hard farm party card part pardon March farther farthest garden harvest market large apart parking (注意"[w]+ar" ,ar发[?:] warm war toward quarter

[

] ; 在非重读-r音节中发[?] 'sugar)

5. 在-re音节中发 [e]

care hare careful parent (注意are[α:] )

6. 在重读闭音节中,"a+age"字母组合中,发[ei]

dange dangerous strange stranger change exchange (注意orange

[

7. 在重读闭音节中,"a+ss, a+st, a+sp, a+sk, a+th, a+f, a+n" 中的a 发[α:]

glass class classmate grass pass passer-by last fast past grasp ask mask basketball rather father after afternoon dance answer France plant can't

8. 在重读闭音节中,a前是w时,a常发 []

want wash washer watch was (注意water

[] ) ] )

Aa 的字母组合音节在单词中的发音

<al> - [?:] all call ball wall walk<al>有时发

[

<aw> - [?:] saw law draw

<au> - [?:] autumn August (注意laugh

[

<augh> - [?:] taught daughter

<ai> - [ei] train tailor (注意said

[] )

] ; Monday 等词中,ay为非重读音节发[]) ] aunt

[] ) ] also salt always almost… <ay> - [ei] day play today (注意says

[

<air> -

[e ] air hair chair

Ee [i:] 在单词中的发音

1. 在重读开音节中,发字母音 [i:]

be he she we key these me

2. 在重读闭音节中发 [e]

bed beg bet cell send rent tent debt egg ten neck let desk yes yellow

3. 在重读-r音节中发[?:]

her hers term person certain certainly prefer perform Germany reserve

4. 在非重读-r音节中发[?]

under teacher winter summer better cover water sister mother father supper leader ladder Peter wonder player

5. 在重读-re音节中发

[??] here [e] there where

Ee [i:]的字母组合在单词中的发音

<ea> - [i:]] tea eat read team meat sea jeans pea peach wheat reach

- [e] head bread health dead deaf sweat heavy breath heaven

<ee> - [i:] bee see meet sheep tree three jeep feet teeth knee fee

<ei> - [i:]] receive (<ie> - [i:] piece field believe 或

[

<ew> - [ju:] new few sew

- [u:] blew threw flew (r+ew, l+ew)

<eer>- [??] pioneer volunteer

<ear>- [??] ear near hear dear clear

-

[e] pear bear

<eigh>- [ei] eight weight ] quiet science)

Ii [a?] 在单词中的发音

1.在开音节中发字母音[ai]

I hi bike time rice tidy die lie tie (元音字母加不发音字母e视为开音节)注意 give live

2.在闭音节中 []

is it milk fish pig ship big

3.在-nd -ld和gh前 [ai]

find child light high

4.在-r音节中

[]

bird girl shirt skirt first dirty thirsty firm third thirty birthday birth

5.在-re音节中

[

tire fire hire ]

Ii[a?]的字母组合音节在单词中的发音

<ig> -

[

<igh> -

[

<ia> -

[

<ie> -

[] ] (gh 不发音) ] ] - [i:]

<io> -

[] Oo

[] 在单词中的发音

] 1、在开音节中发字母本音

[

no toe zero piano kilo hello home note hope whole role nose rose vote pole mode bone zone tone code joke Rome cope sole owe own (注意:[u:] do to who shoe move ;

[

2. 在重读闭音节中发[?]

not nod rob hot cost off lot job stop doctor honest Tom dot got shop box lost most from

3. 在非重读音节中发[?]

to'day o'clock 'pilot com'puter o'ccur o'btain

4. 在重读-r音节发

[ : ] ] come done )

or for morning forty born horse sport report north northern nor order fork pork corner record report normal important cord force (注意:[w]+or, or 发

[ : ] word work worse worst world workplace )

5. 在非重读-r音节中发

[ ]

6. 在重读-re音节中发 [?:]

more before score

7. 在重读闭音节中,o+st 或 o+ld,o发

[]

most post (注意[] cost lost ) old cold hold told

8. 在重读音节中,o+m, o+n, o+v, o+th时,o发 []

come some become sometimes

son one front month monkey among none ton done once won done Monday wonder wonderful (注意only [

'love above cover (注意over

[nl ] gone [ gn] ) ]

] mother brother other another (注意both

[

Oo 字母组合音节在单词中的发音

<oa> -

[

<ow> -

[

[] cow crowd brown town flower down

] (注意

] brought thought

]

] ) ] (注意

] slow throw snow ]

[] ) <oor> -

[<ough> -

[<our> -

[

[]

[] colour neighbour

<ou> -

[] about count

[∧] young country touch trouble southern

[u:] group rout you

[] famous favourite nervous dangerous

字母u在单词中的发音

1.在重读开音节中[ju:]

student excuse duty Tuesday true rule blue glue June 2.在开音节中,元音字母u在辅音字母j l r s后面时读[u:]音

June blue ruler super

3.在重读闭音节中,多数读[Λ]

us must trust sun bus (busy特例)

4. 在重读闭音节中p后读[u]

put pull push (full bull)

5. 在非重读音节中一般发[] 元音字母在重读音节中的特殊读音

a在f n sk ph sp ss st th前 [α:] after plant graph ask grasp glass fast father

i在-nd -ld和gh前 [ai] find child light high

o在-st -ld前 [?u]

most postcard old cold

o在m n v th前 [∧] come monkey love mother

字母组合er, ir, ur, or,的发音规律

er, ir, ur,通常读长音/?:/。例如:term, her, girl, bird, nurse, hurt

or在/w/之后也读/?:/。在其他情况下读/:/例如:word, worker, world, worm,afford, corn, horse

er, ir, ur, or在非重读音节里读短元音/?/,如:river, farmer, teacher, doctor

元音字母:a e i/y o u

元音字组:ar er ir or ur are ere ire ore ure ai/ay air al au/aw ea ear

ee eer ei/ey eu/ew ie oa oar/oor oi/oy oo ou/ow our ui

辅音字母:b c d f g h j k l m n p q r s t v w- x y- z

辅音字组:ch -ck -dge dr- -ds gh gu- kn- -mn

-ng ph qu- sh -tch th tr- -ts wh- wr-

字母组合

字组的分类

英语字组表

元音字母: a e i/y o u 元音字组: ar er ir or ur

are ere ire ore ure ai/ay air al au/aw ea ear ee eer ei/ey eu/ew ie

oa oar/oor oi/oy oo ou/ow our ui

字 组

元字组 辅字组

元音字母 元音字组 辅音字母 辅音字组

辅音字母: b c d f g h j- k l m n p q r- s t v w- x y- z 辅音字组: ch -ck -dge dr- -ds gh gu- -gue kn- -mn -ng

ph qu- -que sh -tch th tr- -ts wh- wr-

字组分两类:元字组和辅字组。 元字组指的是:元音字母和元音字组。

元音字母指的是五个元音字母 a e i o u。元音字母数量虽少,但出现的频率高。(w y 也可以作为元音字母来使用)

元音字组指的是由两个或三个元音字母在一起发一个元音。常用元音字组:ar er ir or ur are ere ire ore ure ai/ay air al au/aw ea ear ee eer ei/ey eu/ew ie oa oar/oor oi/oy oo ou/ow our ui,辅音字母 r l 也可以和元音字母一起组成元音字组,w y 是半元音字母,经常用来代替元音字母 u 和 i 。

元音字组数量较多,为了方便记忆,将元音字组分为三类: -r音节元音字组(ar er ir or ur)、 -re音节元音字组are ere ire ore ure)、

普通元音字组(ai/ay air al au/aw ea ear ee eer ei/ey eu/ew ie oa oar/oor oi/oy oo ou/ow our ui)。

辅字组指的是辅音字母和辅音字组。

辅音字母:b c d f g h j- k l m n p q r- s t v w- x y- z

辅音字组:ch -ck -dge dr- -ds gh gu- -gue kn- -mn -ng ph qu- -que sh -tch th tr- -ts wh- wr-

练习2-01 写出下列单词的字母个数和字组个数:(双写辅音字母算一个字组,音节未尾不发音字母e也算一个字组。)答案 单词 black earth drive

字母个数 字组个数 5个 个 个

4个 个 个

单词 teacher member further

字母个数 字组个数

个 个 个

个 个 个

eight clock shop they lunch corner church bright voice wheat thought March cheer fish shower mouth powder summer through children

个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个

个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个

require shore check knock brother three square weather tortoise hardware cartoon daughter sick nervous chair Saturday truck dream journey autumn

个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个

个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个 个

补充练习 knowledge butcher orphan morning wrong

这个练习非常重要,下一章的练习,判断单词音节的个数、划分音节等练习都需要能够准确熟练地辨认字组。字组数量较多,死记硬背式的记下来也不一定能灵活运用。通过这个练习可以轻松愉快地掌握字组,为进一步学习拼读规则打下良好基础。如果练习量不够的话,可以从字典里找一些词来补充一下。

以字组的眼光去看一个单词,俗称“字组眼”。“字组眼”不是天生的,必须通过反复训练,训练量要足够大,持续时间要足够长。最终形成以字组为单位来辨认单词的拼写形式。 学习拼读规则要训练出“三只眼”:字组眼、音节眼、重音眼。“三只眼”中,字组眼是根本,是基础。简单地把字组死记硬背式的记下来不是目的,目的是要养成以字组的眼光去辩认单词的习惯。 常见错误:

bingo 字组数是5个,其中的ng在这里不是一个字组,因为ng分别发不同的音素。 require 字组数是4个,不要把ui看成一个字组,要取大优先。

《英语单词拼读规则》 练习答案 练习1-01 练习2-01 练习3-01 练习4-01 练习5-01 练习6-01 练习7-01 练习7-02/04 练习8-01/05 练习8-06/07 练习8-08/19 练习9-01 练习10-01 练习11-01 练习12-01 练习13-01 练习14-01 练习15-01 练习2-01 单词 black earth

字母个数 字组个数 5个 5个

4个 2个

单词 teacher member

字母个数 字组个数 7个 6个

4个 5个

drive eight clock shop they lunch corner church bright voice wheat thought March cheer fish shower

mouth powder summer through

5个 5个 5个 4个

4

个 5

6个 6个 6个 5个 5个

7

个 5个 5个 4

6个 5个 6个 6个 7个

4个 3个 4个 3个 2个 4个 4个 3个 5个 4个 3个 4个 3个 2个 3个 3个 3个 4个 4个 4个

further require shore check knock brother three square weather tortoise hardware cartoon daughter sick nervous chair Saturday truck dream journey

7个 7个 5个 5个 5个 7个 5个 6个 7个 8个 8个 7个 8个 4个 7个 5个 8个 5个 5个 7个

4个 4个 2个 3个 3个 5个 3个 3个 4个 6个 5个 5个 5个 3个 5个 2个 6个 3个 3个 4个

children 8个 6个 autumn 6个 4个 chimney 中的 mn 发两个音素,所以 mn 不是一个字组。autumn 中的 mn 发一个音素,所以 mn 是一个字组。

元音字母组合及发音

Aa 的字母组合音节在单词中的发音

<al> - [?:] all call ball wall walk<al>有时发 [<aw> - [?:] saw law draw

<au> - [?:] autumn August (注意laugh [<augh> - [?:] taught daughter <ai> - [ei] train tailor (注意said [

] )

] ; Monday 等词中,ay为非重读音节发[]) ] aunt [

] )

] also salt always almost…

<ay> - [ei] day play today (注意says [

<air> -

[e ] air hair chair

Ee [i:]的字母组合在单词中的发音

<ea> - [i:]] tea eat read team meat sea jeans pea peach wheat reach

- [e] head bread health dead deaf sweat heavy breath heaven

<ee> - [i:] bee see meet sheep tree three jeep feet teeth knee fee <ei> - [i:]] receive (<ie> - [i:] piece field believe 或

[

<ew> - [ju:] new few sew

- [u:] blew threw flew (r+ew, l+ew)

<eer>- [??] pioneer volunteer

<ear>- [??] ear near hear dear clear

-

[e] pear bear

<eigh>- [ei] eight weight ] quiet science)

Ii[a?]的字母组合音节在单词中的发音

<ig> -

[

<igh> -

[

<ia> -

[

<ie> -

[] ] (gh 不发音) ] ] - [i:]

<io> -

[] Oo 字母组合音节在单词中的发音

<oa> -

[

<ow> -

[

[] cow crowd brown town flower down

] (注意

] brought thought

]

] ) ] (注意

] slow throw snow ]

[] ) <oor> -

[<ough> -

[<our> -

[

[

]

[] colour neighbour

<ou> -

[] about count

[∧] young country touch trouble southern

[u:] group rout you

[] famous favourite nervous dangerous 元音字母在重读音节中的特殊读音

a在f n sk ph sp ss st th前 [α:] after plant graph ask grasp glass fast father

i在-nd -ld和gh前 [ai] find child light high

o在-st -ld前 [ou] most postcard old cold

o在m n v th前 [∧] come monkey love mother

字母组合er, ir, ur, or,的发音规律

er, ir, ur,通常读长音/?:/。例如:term, her, girl, bird, nurse, hurt

or在/w/之后也读/?:/。在其他情况下读/:/例如:word, worker, world, worm,afford, corn, horse er, ir, ur, or在非重读音节里读短元音/?/,如:river, farmer, teacher, doctor

元音字母:a e i/y o u

元音字组:ar er ir or ur are ere ire ore ure ai/ay air al au/aw ea ear

ee eer ei/ey eu/ew ie oa oar/oor oi/oy oo ou/ow our ui

辅音字母:b c d f g h j k l m n p q r s t v w- x y- z

辅音字组:ch -ck -dge dr- -ds gh gu- kn- -mn

-ng ph qu- sh -tch th tr- -ts wh- wr-

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