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英语自然拼音表

发布时间:2013-12-13 11:01:03  

(1)单音节是由一个元音(或再加上前后的辅音) 构成。

如:make face my I Mike.

(2)双音节是由两个元音(或再加上前后的辅音)构成。

如:hour answer.

(3)多音节是由三个或三个以上的音节构成。 如:exercise.

(4)"元

音字母+辅音字母(r除外)+不发音的e"

如:绝对开音节 no 相对开音节 (5)如:not desk on.

2.音节的划分:

(1)(除r和字母组合外),

如:let-ter (2)(除r和字母组合外),

则该辅音字母属于后面;如果前面是闭音节,

stud-y.

(3)r时:

①相邻处是rr时,一个r属于前面,另一个r属于后面,前边按

重读闭音节规律发音。

如:mar-ry.

②相邻处是"元音字母+r+其他辅音字母"时,r属于前面,前边按

重读-r音节规律发音。

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如:far-ther.

③相邻处是"元音字母+r+元音字母"时,r属于前面。

如:dur-ing.

④有字母组合的词在划分音节时,要保持字母组合的完整。 如:daugh-ter. 3.26个英文字母在单词中常发的音:

a [a] b [b] c [k] d [d] e [e]

f [f] g [g] h [h] i [i] j [d?]

k [k] l [l] m [m] n [n] o [?]

p [p] q [k] qu[kw] r [r] s [s]

t [t] u [?] v [v] w [w] x[ks]

y [j] z [z]

a_e e_e i_e o_e [ei] [i:] [ai] [ 4.基本字母组合发音:

an [?n] can ran at [?t] cat hat en [en] hen pen

jet

wig

rip zip

ot [? cot pot dot

og [?g] frog fog log dog

ug [?g] rug bug hug mug

ink [i?k] drink pink sink wink

5.元音字母和元音字母组合在非重读音节中的读音:

a e i o u

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[?] [?] [?] [?] [?]

ar er or ur

[?] [?] [?] [?]

如:about around hello April student o'clock 元音字母组合发音规则

a的字母组合:

ai [ei]

ai[ei] rain paint pain

ai[e] again said

ay [ei]

ay[ei] way say pay aw [?:]

aw[?:] paw draw law awful au [?:]

au[?:] August

au[a:] aunt augh [] hair aeroplane aerial

al [?:]

al[?:] talk call tall fall ball wall also

al[a:] half e的字母组合:

ee [i:]

ee[i:] bee jeep feet see teeth street

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beef week agree green need

ea [i:]/[e]

ea[i:] sea meat peanut clean peach tea pea eat please teacher

ea[e] head sweater sweat pear bear

feather weather heavy breakfast

ea[ei] great

ea[i?] really idea

ey [i:]/[ei]

ey[i:] donkey money jockey turkey ey[ei] grey

ear [i?]/[e?]

ear[i?] hear near beard ear[e?] bear wear pear

ear[a:] heart

ear[?读[?:])

eer [i?]

eer[i?] deer neither either

时,ei常读[i:])

eu/ew/iew [ju:]

eu/ew/iew[ju:] new view few newspaper

eir [e?]

eir[e?] their theirs

eo [i:]

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eo[i:] people

i的字母组合:

ie [ai]

ie[ai] tie pie lie die

ie[i:] thief belief believe

ie[e] friendly

ie[ai?] quiet science

ia/io [ai?]

ia/io[ai?] dialogue diary lion

ig/igh [ai]

ig/igh[ai] right sight night tight high o的字母组合:

oa [?u]

oa[?u] road toast

ow [?u]/[au]

ow[?

follow

ow[au] cow flower

down now

out mouth count mountain

mouse found sound around ou[?] country young

ou[u:] group soup you through

ou[?u] though shoulder although

oi [?i]

oi[?i] coin oil point noise soil

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join voice

oy [?i]

oy[?i] boy toy cowboy enjoy

oo [u:]

oo[u:] moon zoo roof boots food spoon

room cool pool noodle school soon too oo[u] book woods wool foot cook hook look good

our [?:]/[au?]

our[?:]/[au?] four our your

our[u?] tour

our[?:] journey

owe/ower [au?]

owe/ower[au?] towel oor/oar [?:]

oor/oar[?:] door oor[u?] poor

ough [?:]

ough[? would could

u

ui [u:]/[ju:]

ui[u:] suit juice fruit

ui[ju:] suitcase

ue [u:]/[e]

ue[u:] Sue blue glue

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ue[e] guess guest

uy [ai]

uy[ai] buy guy

ture [t??]

ture[t??] future

y的字母组合:

y

y[ai] sky fly dry spy type shy cry my y[i] rainy sunny puppy dirty happy

baby

y[j] yes yard (词首的y

"元音字母+re"字母组合(are [e?]

are[e?] care dare square are[a:] are

ere [i?]/[e?]

ere[i?

ere[eire[ai

ore

ore[?:] more before store

ure [ju?]/[u?]

ure[ju?] cure pure

ure[u?] sure

"元音字母+r"字母组合(a/e/i/o/u+r)

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ar [ar]

ar[ar] arm car card farm park garden

market smart hard art star start

ar[?:] warm quarter

er [?:]

er[?(:)] sister brother under

marker mother person her other clever

ir [?:]

ir[?:] birthday dirty bird circle girl sir

birth first

or [?r]

or[?r] pork horse morning report short sport or[?(:)] world work ur [?r]

ur[?r] turkey

ch [ t? ]

ch[t? cheese bench church chicken chair

??tch[t?] watch catch

sh [ ? ]

sh[?] sheep shirt ship fish dish push shoes

wh [w]/[h]

wh[w] white wheel wheat

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wh[h] whose who

ph [ f ]

ph[f] photo elephant telephone gu [g]/[gw]

gu[g] guess guest

gu[gw] language

gn [n]

gn[n] sign foreign

ng [?g]

ng[?g] hungry language

gh [ f ]

gh[f] laugh

-ge [d?]

-ge[d?] cabbage bridge

ck [k]

ck[k] back rock

nc/nk [?k]

nc/nk[? th [e]/[ mother

θ nothing both knock know

wr[r] write wrong

mb[m] thumb

mn[m] autumn

qu[kw] quiet question

ss[s] glasses grass discuss

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tw[tw] twenty

thr[θr] through

tr [tr]

tr[tr] truck train tree dr[dr] dream dry drop draw drink bl[bl] blue black

fl[fl] flu fly floor flag flower

pl[pl] plane play plus plate

cl[kl] clock cloud clean climb close clap

gl[gl] glass glove globe glue cream crayon cry

gr[gr] gray green grass grapes pr[pr] prize price press prince br[br] bright bride brown brother

fr[fr] frog frost fruit front friend sm[sm] smile smell

sn[sn] snowman snake

sl[sl]

sweet sweater sweat

spoon spell

store star stamp storm stick student

sc[sg] scarf

sk[sg] skunk skis skirt skates

smoke

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