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学龄前少儿英语常用词汇

发布时间:2013-12-14 10:00:38  

学龄前少儿英语常用词汇

1. 学习用品(school things)

pen pencil pencil-box pencil-case pencil sharpener ball pen

book bookcase bookshelf notebook comic book story book Chinese book English book math book bag school bag paper bag plastic bag

ruler eraser crayon magazine dictionary newspaper

2.人体(body)

body head hair eye nose mouth eye face neck shoulder arm hand leg foot toe back

3.颜色(color)

Red orange yellow green brown blue purple black white grey pink black and white black and blue

4.动物(animals)

pig cat dog chicken hen cock turkey duck goose horse cow sheep goat rabbit elephant bird eagle beaver snake ant mouse squirrel monkey panda lamb donkey lobster shark seal fish fox frog bee bear dragon deer giraffe hare kangaroo koala lion ox panther puma rat squirrel rat turtle tiger camel snail spider fly crocodile dragonfly whale dolphin bat

五、人物(people)

friend(朋友) boy(男孩) girl(女孩) mother(母亲) father(父亲) mom(妈妈) dad(爸爸) parents(父母) grandpa/ grandfather(祖父,外祖父) sister(姐妹) brother(兄弟) uncle(叔叔,舅舅) aunt(姑姑) man(男人) woman(女人) Mr(先生) Miss(小姐) lady(女士,小姐) grandma/ grandmother(祖母,外祖母) cousin(堂表兄弟,堂表姐妹) son(儿子) baby(婴儿) kid(小孩) classmate(同学) queen(女王) visitor(参观者) neighbour(邻居) principal(校长) university student(大学生) pen pal(笔友) tourist(旅行者) people(人物) robot(机器人)

六、职业(jobs)

teacher(教师) student(学生) doctor(医生) nurse(护士) driver(司机) farmer(农民) singer(歌唱家) writer(作家) actor(男演员) actress(女演员) artist(画家) TV reporter(电视台记者) engineer(工程师) accountant(会计) policeman(警察)

cleaner(清洁工) salesperson(销售员)

baseball player(棒球运动员) assistant(售货员)

七、食品、饮料(food & drink)

rice(米饭) bread(面包) beef(牛肉) milk(牛奶) water(水) egg(蛋) fish(鱼) tofu(豆腐) chicken(鸡肉) honey(蜂蜜) lunch(中餐)cake(蛋糕) hot dog(热狗) hamburger(汉堡包) French fries(炸薯条) soup(汤) cookie(曲奇) biscuit(饼干) jam(果酱) noodles(面条) meat(肉) pork(猪肉) mutton(羊肉) vegetable(蔬菜) salad(沙拉) soup(汤) ice-cream(冰淇淋) ice(冰) Coke(可乐) juice(果汁) tea(茶) coffee(咖啡) breakfast(早餐)dinner(晚餐)

八、水果、蔬菜(fruit & vegetables)

apple(苹果) banana(香蕉)watermelon(西瓜) pear(梨) orange(橙) grape(葡萄) eggplant(茄子) green beans(青豆) tomato(西红柿) potato(土豆)peach(桃) strawberry(草莓) cucumber(黄瓜) onion(洋葱) carrot(胡萝

卜) cabbage(卷心菜)

九、衣服(clothes)

jacket(夹克衫) shirt(衬衫) T-shirt(T恤衫) shirt(短裙子) dress(连衣裙) jeans(牛仔裤) pants(长裤)socks(袜子) shoes(鞋子)sweater(毛衣) coat(上衣) raincoat(雨衣) shorts(短裤) sneakers(网球鞋) slippers(拖鞋) sandals(凉鞋) boots(靴子) hat(有沿的帽子) cap(便帽) tie(领带) scarf(围巾) gloves(手套) sunglasses(太阳镜)

十、交通工具(vehicles)

bike(自行车) bus(公共汽车) train(火车) boat(小船)

ship(轮船) yacht(快艇) car(小汽车) taxi(出租车) jeep(吉普车) van(小货车) plane(飞机) subway(地铁) motor cycle(摩托车)

十一、杂物(other things)

window(窗户) door(门)computer(计算机) desk(课

桌) chair(椅子) bed(床) board(写字板) teacher’s desk(讲台) fan(风扇) light(灯) wall(墙壁) floor(地板) picture(图画,照片) curtain(窗帘) closet(壁橱) trash bin(垃圾箱) mirror(镜子) end table(床头柜) football(足球) present(礼物)

walkman(随身听) lamp(台灯) phone(电话) sofa(沙发) shelf(书架) fridge(冰箱) table(桌子) air-conditioner(空调) TV(电视) key(钥匙) lock(锁) photo(照片) chart(图表) plate(盘子) knife(刀) fork(叉) spoon(勺子) chopsticks(筷子) pot(锅) gift (礼物) toy(玩具) doll(洋娃娃) jigsaw puzzle(拼图游戏) ball(球) kite(风筝) balloon(汽球) box(盒子) umbrella(伞) zipper(拉链) violin(小提琴) yo-yo(溜溜球) nest(鸟窝) toothbrush(牙刷) hole(洞) tube(管子) menu(菜单) e-card(电子贺卡) e-mail(电子邮件) money( 钱) medicine(药)

十二、地点(locations)

home(家) room(房间) living room(起居室,客厅) bedroom(卧室) study(书房) kitchen(厨房)bathroom(卫生间) classroom(教室)school(学校) park(公园) library(图书馆) post office(邮局) hospital(医院) cinema(电影院) bookstore(书店) farm(农场) zoo(动物园) garden(花园) playground(操场) canteen(食堂) gym(体育馆) teacher’s office(教师办公室) washroom(卫生间) art room(绘画教室) music room(音乐教室) computer room(计算机教室) TV room(电视机房) flat(公寓) company(公司) factory(工厂) fruit stand(水果摊) pet shop(宠物商店) nature park(自然公园) theme park(主题公园) supermarket(超市) bank(银行) the Great Wall(长城) science museum(科学博物馆) country(国家) village(乡村) city(城市)

十三、课程(classes)

class(课程) Chinese(中文,汉语) English(英语) math(数学) P.E.(体育) music(音乐) science (科学) sports(体育活动) Moral Education(思想品德课) Social Studied(社会课)

十四、国家、城市(countries & cities)

China/ PRC(中国) American/ USA(美国) UK(联合王国) England(英国) Canada/ CAN(加拿大) Australia(澳大利亚) New York(纽约) London(伦敦) Sydney(悉尼) Moscow(莫斯科) Cairo(开罗)

十五、天气(weather)

cold(寒冷的) warm(温暖的) cool(凉爽的) snowy(下雪的) sunny(晴朗的)

hot(炎热的) rainy(下雨的) windy(有风的) cloudy(多云的) weather report(天气预报)

十六、景物(nature)

river(河流) lake(湖泊) stream(河、溪) forest(森林) path(路,小道) road(公路,大道) house(房子) bridge(桥)

building(建筑物) rain(雨) cloud(云) sun(太阳) mountain(山) sky(天空) rainbow(彩虹) wind(风) air(空气)

十七、植物(plants)

flower(花) grass(草) seed(种子) sprout(苗,芽,嫩芽) tree(树) plant(植物,种植) soil(土壤) rose(玫瑰) leaf(叶子)

十八、星期(week)

Monday/ Mon. (星期一) Tuesday /Tue. (星期

二) Wednesday /Wed. (星期三) Thursday /Thu. (星期四) Friday /Fri. (星期

五) Saturday /Sat. (星期六) Sunday /Sun. (星期日) weekend(周末)

十九、月份(months)

Jan.(January 一月) Feb.(February 二月) Mar.(March 三月) Apr.(April 四月) May(五月) June(六月) July(七月) Aug.(August 八月) Sept.(September 九月) Oct.(October 十月) Nov.(November 十一月)

Dec.(December 十二月)

二十、季节(seasons)

spring(春) summer(夏) fall(秋) winter(冬)

二十一、方位(directions) left(

)

right(

)

east(东) west(西) south(南) north(北)

二十二、患病(illness)

hurt(疼痛) sore(疼的) have a cold(感冒) have a fever(发烧) have a toothache(牙疼) have a headache(头疼) have a sore throat(喉咙疼)

二十三、数词(numbers) one(four(seven(

一四七)

two(

二五

))

three( six(

三六八

) ) )

) five(

)

eight(

nine(九) ten(十) eleven(十一) twelve(十二) thirteen(十三) fifteen(十五) twenty(二十) fourteen(十四) sixteen(十六) seventeen(十七) eighteen(十八) nineteen(十九) thirty(三十) forty(四十) fifty(五十) sixty(六十) seventy(七

十) eighty(八十) ninety(九

十) hundred(百) first(第一) second(第

二) third(第三) fourth(第四) fifth(第五) eighth(第

八) ninth(第九) twelfth(第十二) twentieth(第二十)

二十四、形容词(adj.)

good(好的) big(大的) small(小的) long(长的) tall(高的) short(短的,矮的) young(年轻的) old(旧的,老的) strong(健壮的) thin(瘦的) active(积极活跃的) quiet(安静的) kind(和蔼亲切的) strict(严格的) smart(聪明的) funny(滑稽可笑的) tasty(好吃的) sweet(甜的) salty(咸的) sour(酸的) favourite(最喜爱的) fresh(新鲜的) clean(干净的) tired(疲劳的) excited(兴奋的) angry(生气的,愤怒的)happy(高兴的) sad(忧愁的,悲伤的) bored(无聊的,烦人的) taller(更高的) shorter(更矮的) stronger(更强壮的) older(年龄更大的) younger(更年轻的) bigger(更大的) heavier(更重的) longer(更长的) thinner(更瘦的) smaller(更小的) nice(好看的) fine(好的) great(很好的) heavy(重的) new(新的) fat(胖的) happy(快乐

的) right(对的) hungry(饥饿的) cute(逗人喜爱的) little(小的) lovely(可爱的) beautiful(漂亮的) colourful(色彩鲜艳的) pretty(漂亮的) cheap(便宜的) expensive(昂贵的) juicy(多汁的) tender(嫩的) healthy(健康的) ill(有病的) helpful(有帮助的) high(高的) easy(简单的) proud(骄傲的) sick(有病的) better(更好的) higher(更高的)

二十五、介词(prep.)

in(在……里) on(在……上,在……时候) under(在……下面) near(在……旁边) behind(在……后面) next to(与……相邻) at(在……点钟) by(经……乘……) for(为……,给……)

to(朝,向) over(在……上方) in front of(在……前面)

二十六、代词(pron.)

I(我) we(我们) you(你,你们) he(他) she(她)

it(它) they(他/她/它们) my(我的) our(我们的) your(你的,你们的) his(他的) her(她的) this(这,这

个) that(那,那个)

二十七、动词(v.)

work(工作) play(玩,踢) swim(游泳) skate(滑冰) fly(飞) jump(跳) walk(走) run(跑) climb(往上爬) fight(打架) swing(荡) eat(吃) sleep(睡觉) like(像,喜欢) have(有,吃) turn(转弯) buy(买) take(买,带) live(居住) teach(教) stop(停,停车站) wait(等) study(学习) learn(学习) sing(唱歌) dance(跳舞) row(划)

do homework(做作业) watch TV(看电视) read books(读书)

cook the meals(做饭) water the flowers(浇花) sweep the floor(扫地) clean the bedroom(打扫卧室) make the bed(铺床) set the table(摆饭桌) wash the clothes(洗衣服) do the dishes(洗碗碟) use a computer(使用计算机) eat breakfast(吃早饭) eat dinner(吃晚饭) do morning exercises(晨练,做广播操) go to school(上学) play sports(进行体育运动) get up(起床) have English class(上英语课) climb

mountains(爬山) play the piano(弹钢琴) fly kites(放风筝) make a snowman(堆雪人) plant trees(种树)

draw pictures(画画) cook dinner(做饭) read a book(看书) answer the phone(接电话) listen to music(听音乐) clean the room(打扫房间) write a letter(写信) write an e-mail(写电子邮件) drink water(喝水)

take pictures(照相) watch insects(观察昆虫) pick up leaves(采摘树叶) do an experiment(做实验) catch butterflies(捉蝴蝶) count insects(数昆虫) collect insects(收集昆虫) collect leaves(收集树叶) write a report(写报告) play chess(下棋) have a picnic(举行野餐) get to(到达)

ride a bike(骑自行车) play the violin(拉小提琴) make kites(制作风筝) collect stamps(集邮) go shopping(买东西) go swimming(去游泳)

go fishing(去钓鱼) go hiking(去远足) go skiing(去滑雪)

go ice-skating(去滑冰) visit grandparents(看望祖

父母/外祖父母)

meet见面)welcome欢迎) thank谢谢 love(爱) drink(喝) taste(尝) smell(闻) feed(喂养) shear(剪)

milk(挤奶) look(看) guess(猜) help(帮助) pass(传递)

show(展示) use(使用) clean(打扫) open(打开)

close(关上) put(放) read(读) write(写) paint(绘画)

tell(告诉) kick(踢) bounce(反弹) ride(骑) find(寻找)

drive(驾驶) fold(折) send(寄) wash(洗) shine(照耀)

become(变成) feel(感觉到) think(思考) fall(落下) leave(离开)

wake up(醒来) put on(穿上) take off(脱掉) hang up(挂起) wear(穿)

go home(回家) go to bed(上床睡觉) play computer games(玩电脑游戏) do housework(做家

务) empty the trash(倒垃圾) put away the clothes(收拾衣服) get off(下车) take a trip(去旅行) read a magazine(阅读杂志) go to the cinema(去看电影)

二十八、其他(others)

day(天,日子) today(今天) date(日期) yes(是,是的) no(不,不是) not(不,不是的) o’clock(……点钟) time(时间) here(这儿,这里) there(那儿,那里) very(很,非常) but(但是)

then(然后) and(和) too(也,太) next week(下周)

last(上一个,仅余的,留在最后的) noon(中午) evening(夜晚,晚上)

please(请) usually(通常,一般) often(经常) sometimes(有时候) hobby(兴趣,爱好) best(最,极) because(因为) straightly(成直线地) birthday(生日) traffic(交通) traffic light(交通灯) traffic rule(交通规则) matter(事情,麻烦) should(应该) come from(从……来,来自……)

this morning(今天上午) this afternoon(今天下午) this evening(今天晚上)

二十九、动词的第三人称单数形式

read—reads live—lives

watch—watches teach—teaches go—goes do—does have—has

三十、动词的-ing形式

go—going do—doing walk—walking jump—jumping climb—climbing play—playing teach—teaching

watch—watching

read—reading cook—cooking clean—cleaning answer—answering catch—catching listen—listening collect—collecting count—counting run—running

swim—swimming

have—having live—living make—making take—taking use—using dive—diving write—writing ride—riding

三十一、动词的过去式

watch—watched wash—washed clean—cleaned play—played visit—visited learn—learned climb—climbed row—rowed dance—danced do—did go—went sing—sang eat—ate take—took have—had see—saw buy—bought

read—read

三十二、形容词的比较级

tall—taller short—shorter old—older young—younger small—smaller long—longer strong—stronger big—bigger thin—thinnerheavy—heavier

三十三、疑问词

what(什么) which(哪一个) when(什么时候) where(在哪里) why(为什么) how(怎样,如何) how many(多少) how much(多少钱) what about……(……怎么样)

三十四、单词的缩写

I’m = I am it’s = it is he’s = he is she’s = she is

that’s = that is who’s = who is what’s = what is they’re = they are

isn’t = is not aren’t = are not can’t = cannot don’t =

not let’s = let us

do not doesn’t = does

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