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两词都表示

发布时间:2013-12-22 13:01:49  

两词都表示"希望",但在用法上有相同和不同之处,不能随意互换。

一、相同之处

1.都可接不定式作宾语。

We wish to see the film.

我们都希望看那部电影。

The children hope to do something for the old man. 这些孩子希望为这位老人做些事情。

2.都能以某些代词作宾语。

That's what you have wished.

那就是你所希望的。

You can't hope much from such people.

对于这样的人,我们的希望不能过多。

3.都能与介词for连用,后接名词或某些不定代词,表示"希望得到""祈求"。

Do you hope for peace?

你希望和平吗?

Do you wish for anything better?

你希望得到更好的东西吗?

4.都可与过去过完成时连用,表示本来想做而没做成。 I had hoped to come here, but I couldn't.

我本来希望来这里,但没能做到。

He had wished to finish it on time, but he didn't. 他希望按时完成这件事,但没有。

5.都用于It is / was to be…that的句型中。

It is to be hoped that she will get full marks in English. 希望她会在英语考试中得到满分。

It is to be wished that the problem will soon be solved. 希望这个问题很快会得到解决。

二、不同之处

1. wish作为及物动词,可接名词或代词作宾语,hope则不能。

Do you wish a pen or a book?

你要的是钢笔还是书?

2. wish能接双宾语表示祝愿,hope则不能。

I wish you success. 我祝你成功。

3. wish能接复合宾语,hope则不能。

I wish you to go with me.

我希望你同我一道去。

4. wish和hope都能接that引导的从句,但wish后的从句的谓语动词要用虚拟语气(动词用过去时,或过去完成时),hope则用所需要的时态。

I hope that he will win the game.

我希望他会赢得这场比赛。

I wish that I knew the answer.

我希望我知道这个答案。

I wish I had bought it yesterday.

我希望昨天买了它。

5. hope可与so或not连用,分别代替一个具有肯定和否定意义的宾语从句,以免重复,wish则不能。

-Will it be fine tomorrow?

-I hope so.

-Will it rain tomorrow?

-I hope not.

三、wish, hope都可作名词,可数或不可数均可,wish表示"愿望""心愿""祝愿",hope表示"希望"。

1. My wish is to become a doctor.

我的愿望是当一名医生。

2. It is said that they have realized their wishes. 据说他们已实现了他们的愿望。

3. I have no (not much) wish to see him.

我并不(不大)想见他。

4. Send him my best wishes.

请代我向他致意。

5. Where there is life there is hope. 有生命就有希望。

6. There is a hope of success. 有成功的希望。

7. He has some hope (s) of success. 他有成功的希望。

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