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英文字母急英标

发布时间:2013-12-23 15:00:57  

26个英文字母及发音音标如下:

Aa [e?] Bb [bi:] Cc [si:] Dd [di:] Ee [i:] Ff [ef] Gg [d i:] Hh [e?t∫] I i [ɑ?] J j [d e?] K k [ke?] L l [el] Mm [em] N n [en] O o [?u] P p [pi:] Q q [kju:] R r [ɑ:] S s [es] T t [ti:] U u [ju:] V v [vi:] W w [′dΛblju:] X x [eks] Y y [wai] Z z [zi:]/[zed]

以上我们可以看出,英语字母中有一些含有共同的元音音素.如: з

1)含元音音素[ei]

字母: Aa Hh Jj Kk

音标: [e?] [e?t∫] [d e?] [ke?]

2) 含元音音素[i:]

字母: Bb Cc Dd Ee Gg Pp Tt 音标: [bi:] [si:] [di:] [i:] [d i:] [pi:] [ti:]

3) 含元音音素[e] 字母: Ff Ll Mm Nn Ss Xx Zz

音标: [ef] [el] [em] [en] [es] [eks] [zed]

4) 含元音音素[ju:] 字母: Uu Qq Ww

音标: [ju:] [kju:] [`dΛblju:]

5) 含元音音素[ɑ?] 字母: Ii 音标: [ɑ?] Yy 音标: [wɑ?]

英语发音规则

一,元音字母在重读音节中的读音

元音字母的读音

a 在开音节中读[e?] 如:name plane Jane baby cake

在闭音节中 [?] 如:bag dad hat map black back

e 在开音节中 [i:] he these me Chinese

在闭音节中 [e] bed let pen desk yes egg

i 在开音节中 [ɑ?] bike drive time nice kite

在闭音节中 [?] fish big drink sit milk swim

o 在开音节中 [?u] those close go home no

在闭音节中 [D] clock not box shop sock

u 在开音节中 [ju:] student excuse duty Tuesday

在闭音节中 [Λ] bus cup jump much lunch

在开音节中,元音字母u在辅音字母j, l ,r ,s后面时读[u:]音,

例如:June blue ruler super Vv [vi:]

二,元音字母在非重读音节中的读音

a [?] China another woman breakfast

[ ? ] orange comrade village cabbage

e [?] hundred student open weekend

[?] chicken pocket begin children

i [?]/[?] holiday beautiful family animal

[a?] exercse satellte

o [?] second tonight somebody welcome

[?u] also zero photo

u [?] autumn diffcult

[ju:] popular congratulation January

动词中的a如果处在开音节位置,a读[e?]音,例如:operate

u处在开音节位置,又在辅音字母j、 l、 r、 s后面时,读[u(:)]音,

例如:July influence February issue

三,元音字母在重读音节中的特殊读音

1、a在[w]音后面 [?] want what watch wash quality

a在f、n、 sk 、ph 、sp 、ss 、st 、th前时读 [ɑ:]

after plant graph ask grasp glass fast father

2、i在-nd、 -ld和gh前 读[ɑ?] 如: find child light high

3、o在-st、 -ld前读[?u] 如: most postcard old cold

4、o在m、 n 、v 、th前 读[Λ] come monkey love mother

四,-r音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音 ?з?

1、ar

ar 一般读[ɑ: 在[w]后读[?:] warm quarter towards

2、or

[?:] 如: forty morning short

or在[w]音后面 读 [з:] word worker worse

3、er、 ir、 ur读 [з:] 如: certainly bird Thursday

辅音字母r双写时,前面的元音字母不能与r构成 -r音节,而是按重读闭音节的 拼读规则发音.例如: carry sorry hurry

-r音节在非重读音节中通常读[?]音,例如:

dollar teacher martyr forget Saturday

五,-re音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音

元音字组

读 音

例 词

are [e?] care dare hare

ere [??] here mere

ire [ɑ??] fire hire wire

ore [?:] more score before shore bore

ure [ju:?] pure cure

are ere ire ore很少出现在非重读音节中,ure在非重读音节中读[?]音,例如:picture pleasure

重读元音字母加r,再加非重读元字组时,重读元音字母应按-re音节拼读规则拼读,字母r读[r]音.

例如: parent zero story during inspiring

某些常用词及多音节词经常出现长音短化现象.

例如:orange very American paragraph

六,元音字组在重读音节中的读音

元音字组

ai/ay读音[e?]

例 词 afraid rain wait day play

air[e?] air hair chair pair repair

al在f,m前读 [?:l] small ball talk wall all

[?:l] always also salt almost bald

[ɑ:] half calm palm

au/aw[?:] autumn daughter draw

ea [i:] teach easy cheap please

[e] heavy bread sweater weather

[e?] break great

ear [??] hear dear near clear year

[e?] bear pear wear

[з:] earth learn early

ee [i:] jeep week green three

eer [??]] pioneer deer beer

ei/ey [e?] eight neighbour they

[i:] either key

eu/ew在j、l、r、s后读 [ju:] new few newspaper

[u:] flew brew

ie/ei 在[s]音之后 念[i:] piece field receive

oa [?u] coat Joan boat goal

oar/oor [?:] roar board door floor

oi/oy [??] noise point boy toilet

oo [u:] broom food tooth school

[u] book look cook foot good

ou/ow [ɑu] flower house count down

[?u] know row throw though

[Λ] young country enough

[u:] group you soup

our [?:] course your four

[ɑu?] our hour ours

tuition [з:] journey ui 在j、l 、r、 s后 [ju: ?] fluid suicide

[u:] juice fruit suit

六,非重读音节中元音字组和字群的读音

元音字组或字群

读 音 例 词

ai/ay 、ei/ey [?] Sunday foreign

ow [?u] yellow sparrow monkey tomorrow

元音字组在非重读音节中读[?]音或 [?].

例如:neighbour serious famous biscuit coffee

-sion -tion [∫n] impression nation

-sion在元音字母后 [n] vision decision occasion

-tion在s后 [t∫n] question suggestion

-sten [sn] listen

-stle [sl] whistle castle

-sure [З?] pleasure measure

-ture [t∫?] picture culture

七,元字组在复合词非重读音节中的读音

复合词中的第二部分不标注重音符号,但其中的元音字母或元音字组仍按重读音节拼读规则拼读.

例如:

everyday [e?]

handbag [?]

blackboard [?:]

有些词随着语言的发展,前后两部分已失去其单独存在的意义,融合成为一个词.其中的非重读部分要按非重读音节的读音规则发音.

例如:

sun太阳 + day[e?]日子 > Sunday[?] 星期天

holy神圣 + day[e?]日子 > holiday[?] 假日

break中断 + fast[ɑ:]斋戒 > breakfast[?] 早餐

cup茶杯 + board木板[?:] > cupboard[?] 碗柜

八,辅字组的读音

辅音字母组 读 音 例 词

b [b] bike bus bag

[/] bomb tomb

c [k] cake picture coat music 在 e前或在i/y前 [s] face decide cinema

ch [t∫] much chick rich teacher

[k] school headache chemistry

[∫] machine

-ck [k] cock pocket black knock

d [d] doctor bread hand day

-dge [d ] bridge fridge

dr- [dr] children driver drink

-ds [dz] stands floods goods

f [f] five four breakfast

g [g] bag gardon go

在e i/y前 [d ] orange large German

gh [f] cough enough

[/] light daughter high

gu- -gue gu在非重读音节中 [g] guess league dialogue

[gw] language anguish h [h] hot head house hand

[/] hour honest

j [d ] jeep jar joke join July

k [k] kind bike skate make week

kn- [n] knife know knock

l [l] life milk school tall

m [m] monkey come autumn

-mn [m] autumn column

n [n] not shine ten note

在[k]/ [g]音前 [?] uncle thank hungry

-ng [?] morning young wrong

p [p] paper plane pig ship pen

ph [f] elephant photo telephone

q [k] Iraq

qu- [kw] quality quite

r [r] red rubber ruler

s在词首或清辅音前 [s] sit sleep desk

元音字母间或浊辅音前 [z] music husband

sc- [sk] scarlet school

[s] muscle science

sh [∫] she fish shirt wash

t在通常情况下 [t] ten letter meet

在弱读字母ia ie io前 [∫] patient nation

tch [t∫] watch kitchen

th在通常情况下[θ] thin thirty method

在冠词 代词 介词 连词中 [e]the these with than

在词尾-the -ther中 [e] clothe father weather

tr- [tr] tree train country truck

ts [ts] sports parts

v [v] very voice love leave

w [w] week win wake sweet wait

[/] answer two

wh- wh-在字母o前 [w] what when white why

[h] who whose whole

x 在重读元音前 [ks] box text exercise

[gz] examle exist exact

wr- [r] write

y- [j] yes yard yellow young

z [z] puzzle zero zoo

重读音节 单词中读音特别响亮的音节.用音标标记双音节,多音节词的读音时,应使用重读符号.单音节词多数是重读音节,标记读音时不需要使用重读符号. 开音节 ①绝对开音节:单个元音字母后面没有辅字组的重读音节.例如:

no blue ba-by stu-dent se-cret.

②相对开音节:单个元音字母后面加单个辅音字母,再加一个不发音字母e构成的重读音节.例如:name these bike home ex-cuse. 闭音节 单个元音字母后面有辅字组(r w y 除外)且以辅字组结尾的重读音节.例

如: bag egg fish not cup

多音节词重读规则 多音节词通常在倒数第三个音节重读.

例如: el-e-phant con-grat-u- la-tion

词尾有-ic或-tion,-sion的词,在-ic或-sion,-tion前的一个音节上重读.例如: scien `tific im`pression `nation

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