海量文库 文档专家
您现在的位置:首页 > 幼儿教育 > 少儿英语少儿英语

chinese traditional festival

发布时间:2013-12-24 10:00:59  

Chinese traditional festival

第 1 页 共 5 页

As we know, Qing Ming Festival, another name Tomb Sweeping Festival, is around the fifth day of the fourth month every year. Different places have different customs. In my hometown, we would neither ban fire nor fly kites; we would not have a swing, nor would we play cuju (a ball is just like football); and so on. These things are not suitable for the villages in countryside, I think, because we have no such leisure time to do such leisure things.

What we do during these days is just worshiping our late relations. Besides sweeping the ancestors’ tomb, we are also allowed to do other things. For instance, it is thought that the festival is a good day. Thus, some families would like to invite a Master before the festival, to find a good place from where the livings will benefit if their ancestors entomb in. At the day of the festival, they would gather all males of the family to dig out the previous tomb, then move the bone of their ancestor to the place where they found before. Finally, they sweep the new tomb. When they finish sweeping, they will get together to have a lunch at the ancestral hall or someone’s house. Though nowadays the government advocate cremation and burying the cremains in the same place, but in my hometown some rich people refuse to cremate their late relations or to bury their cremains at the provided place.

At length, in spite of everything, there are three things we should care. First, we all believe that the paper money, which we fire to the ancestors, would use in their world just like in our world. In this way, we must burn it entirely, if not, they would get the fragment of the money uselessly. Second, before we leave, we should put out all the blaze in order to avoid fire accident. Third, after sweeping tomb, we should break a small branch of a special plant, and before we reach home, we must throw it away. I do not know why, because every time I ask my mother, she just say that it is bad. I just believe that the customs keep us doing that without reasons. However, sometimes I guess that may this plant keep other spirits from following us home.

Qi Xi Festival, also named Chinese Valentine’s Day, is the seventh day of the seventh month of the lunar year.

In my hometown, no one thinks of it as the western Valentine’s Day for lovers. They just know that if we sow the vegetable seeds before this day, the vegetable will grow better and longer without decaying. They do not refer to the romantic legend of the Cowherd and the Weaving Girl, but they will tell their children about the Seven Weaving Girls. They believe that at this day these Seven Weaving Girls will fly down from the heaven and bathe in the river. If we bathe in the river too, we would not get

Chinese traditional festival

第 2 页 共 5 页

the Miliaria Rubra in the hot summer. Meanwhile, if we bottle water and lay some small and nice stones in it at this festival, we could keep it for a long time without odor. If we get the Miliaria Rubra, we could use these water to heal them.

Believe it or not, there are still several bottles of the Qi Xi water in my home which may have kept for more than ten years, because I have believed it and bottled water since I was a child.

Ghost Festival, which is just like the Halloween in the western countries, is at the fourteenth day of the seventh month of the lunar year.

However, it is not a festival to memorise our ancestors, nor to worship the Buddhist. In my opinion, it is a festival for those ghosts, who are not accepted by the heaven, going around to find things to eat. The reason is that the local custom demands our villages to avoid going to the mountain at this day. Besides, all the people should not go out when darkness falls. Moreover, my mother will lay two brooms, which are made of some kind of plant growing in the mountain, on each side of the door gate. Perhaps, the brooms, seen from the long distance, are similar to two guards standing there, so it is necessary to prevent the ghosts from coming into the house, I believe.

Additionally, when one old man in my hometown died, my mother will do the same thing at night when the Master evoke the spirit back. In the logical thinking, I make the conclusion as above which may not be true, for my mother has never told me the reason.

The Spring Festival is the most important festival for the Chinese people and is when all family members get together, just like Christmas in the West. All people living away from home go back, becoming the busiest time for transportation systems of about half a month from the Spring Festival. Airports, railway stations and long-distance bus stations are crowded with home returnees.

The Spring Festival falls on the 1st day of the 1st lunar month, often one month later than the Gregorian calendar. It originated in the Shang Dynasty (c. 1600 BC-c. 1100 BC) from the people's sacrifice to gods and ancestors at the end of an old year and the beginning of a new one.

Chinese traditional festival

第 3 页 共 5 页

Strictly speaking, the Spring Festival starts every year in the early days of the 12th lunar month and will last till the mid 1st lunar month of the next year. Of them, the most important days are Spring Festival Eve and the first three days. The Chinese government now stipulates people have seven days off for the Chinese Lunar New Year.

Many customs accompany the Spring Festival. Some are still followed today, but others have weakened.

On the 8th day of the 12th lunar month, many families make laba porridge, a delicious kind of porridge made with glutinous rice, millet, seeds of Job's tears, jujube berries, lotus seeds, beans, longan and gingko.

The 23rd day of the 12th lunar month is called Preliminary Eve. At this time, people offer sacrifice to the kitchen god. Now however, most families make delicious food to enjoy themselves.

After the Preliminary Eve, people begin preparing for the coming New Year. This is called "Seeing the New Year in".

Store owners are busy then as everybody goes out to purchase necessities for the New Year. Materials not only include edible oil, rice, flour, chicken, duck, fish and meat, but also fruit, candies and kinds of nuts. What's more, various decorations, new clothes and shoes for the children as well as gifts for the elderly, friends and relatives, are all on the list of purchasing.

Before the New Year comes, the people completely clean the indoors and outdoors of their homes as well as their clothes, bedclothes and all their utensils.

Then people begin decorating their clean rooms featuring an atmosphere of rejoicing and festivity. All the door panels will be pasted with Spring Festival couplets, highlighting Chinese calligraphy with black characters on red paper. The content varies from house owners' wishes for a bright future to good luck for the New

Chinese traditional festival

第 4 页 共 5 页

Year. Also, pictures of the god of doors and wealth will be posted on front doors to ward off evil spirits and welcome peace and abundance.

The Chinese character "fu" (meaning blessing or happiness) is a must. The character put on paper can be pasted normally or upside down, for in Chinese the "reversed fu" is homophonic with "fu comes", both being pronounced as "fudaole." What's more, two big red lanterns can be raised on both sides of the front door. Red paper-cuttings can be seen on window glass and brightly colored New Year paintings with auspicious meanings may be put on the wall.

People attach great importance to Spring Festival Eve. At that time, all family members eat dinner together. The meal is more luxurious than usual. Dishes such as chicken, fish and bean curd cannot be excluded, for in Chinese, their pronunciations, respectively "ji", "yu" and "doufu," mean auspiciousness, abundance and richness. After the dinner, the whole family will sit together, chatting and watching TV. In recent years, the Spring Festival party broadcast on China Central Television Station (CCTV) is essential entertainment for the Chinese both at home and abroad. According to custom, each family will stay up to see the New Year in.

Waking up on New Year, everybody dresses up. First they extend greetings to their parents. Then each child will get money as a New Year gift, wrapped up in red paper. People in northern China will eat jiaozi, or dumplings, for breakfast, as they think "jiaozi" in sound means "bidding farewell to the old and ushering in the new". Also, the shape of the dumpling is like gold ingot from ancient China. So people eat them and wish for money and treasure.

Southern Chinese eat niangao (New Year cake made of glutinous rice flour) on this occasion, because as a homophone, niangao means "higher and higher, one year after another." The first five days after the Spring Festival are a good time for relatives, friends, and classmates as well as colleagues to exchange greetings, gifts and chat leisurely.

Burning fireworks was once the most typical custom on the Spring Festival. People thought the spluttering sound could help drive away evil spirits. However, such an activity was completely or partially forbidden in big cities once the

Chinese traditional festival

第 5 页 共 5 页

government took security, noise and pollution factors into consideration. As a replacement, some buy tapes with firecracker sounds to listen to, some break little balloons to get the sound too, while others buy firecracker handicrafts to hang in the living room.

The lively atmosphere not only fills every household, but permeates to streets and lanes. A series of activities such as lion dancing, dragon lantern dancing, lantern festivals and temple fairs will be held for days. The Spring Festival then comes to an end when the Lantern Festival is finished.

China has 56 ethnic groups. Minorities celebrate their Spring Festival almost the same day as the Han people, and they have different customs

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。