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剑桥少儿英语_第一级_课堂笔记(独家版本)

发布时间:2013-12-27 11:02:13  

剑桥少儿英语

第一级

课 堂 笔 记

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上 册

Unit 1 What's your name?

1. What's your name (please)?

My name is Andy / Liu / Dehua.

I am Andy / Liu / Dehua.

英文名首字母大写;汉语名姓首字母大写,名首字母大写。

2. 介绍朋友:I am → I'm be 动词 am are is (是,在) he is → he's

she is → she's 记忆歌:我用am

it is → it's 你用are

we are → we're is跟着他、她、它 they are → they're 复数一律用长are

3. How old are you?

I am 7(Yours old).

4. Boy's name: Ted Jeff…

Girl's name: Kelly Meg…

5. ① come [k?m] 来 →(反) go [ɡo] 去

② Let's play. 让我们玩。

△ Let's = Let us + do (动词原形).

③ It's time to get up.

△ time [tɑim] 时间

get up 起床

It's time to do.

6.* Mr. [mist?] 先生 + 姓氏 (在学校中有“老师”的意思。) Miss [mis] 小姐 + 姓氏 (在学校中有“老师”的意思。) You are… 你是??。

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7.

8. Come in, please. 请进。

close →(反) open

Go to school. 上学。

don't = do not 不要

be late [leit] 晚的,迟到

learn [l?:n] 学习,学会

again and again [?'ɡein] 一次又一次地

9. What's your name? (你的) My name is…

I am…

What's his name? (他的) His name is…

He is…

What's her name? (她的) Her name is…

She is…

10. 语音 a [?]: Dan bag mat cap

e [e]: Ben pen leg neck

Unit 2 What's this?

1. What's this? this →(反) that

What's that? =>It's a …(当该句用于询问字母时,答句中无“a”,即It's ―B‖.)

What's this in(△用) English? It's a …

2. ① letter ['let?] 字母,信 letter“A”

② jump [??mp] v. 跳

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③ A a B b C c D d E e F f G g

[ei] [bi:] [si] [di:] [i:] [ef] [?i:] H h I i J j K k L l M m N n

[ei?] [ɑi] [?ei] [kei] [el] [em] [en] O o P p Q q R r S s T t

[?u] [pi:] [kju:] [ɑ:] [es] [ti:]

U u V v W w X x Y y Z z

[ju:] [vi:] ['d?blju:] [eks] [wɑi] [zi:][zed] 元音字母:a e i o u

剩下的都是辅音字母。

元音字母:a, e, i, o, u。元音最重要,没有元音就不能构成单词。 音节:有一个元音音素叫一个音节。

开音节:以元音字母和不发音的字母“e”结尾的音节。

闭音节:以辅音字母结尾的音节。

*元音字母在开音节和闭音节中的发音规则:

字母c的发音规则: △ have [h?v] do [du:] who [hu:] to [tu:]

单词的辩音问题: ⑴ A: take B: lake C: name D: lamp

⑵ A: me B: she C: we D: Meg

⑶ A: Bill B: mine C: lip D: tip

⑷ A: code B: nod C: top D: mop

⑸ A: duck B: cup C: cube D: club

字母的辩音问题:

① A B C D ③ G J A k

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② F E L M ④ Q W U P

a: e: i:

o:

u:

3. 缩写字

CCTV 中国中央电视台

VOA 美国之音/声

BBC 英国广播公司

PC 个人电脑

AM am 上午

PM pm 下午

UN 联合国

SOS 求救信号

DC 公元

CD 光盘

BC 公元前

WTO 世界贸易组织

PRC 中华人民共和国

USA 美利坚合众国

4. which [wi?] 哪一个

right [rɑit] 右边;正确的,对的

too [tu:] 也(句末) (与to, two是同音异形词)

handbag 手提包

schoolbag 书包

5. 句子

陈述句 This is a bag. 变疑问句把脖子提到前面去

That is a book.

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一般疑问句用yes或no来回答:或。答句的最后一个词用问句的第一个词。

Unit 3 What colour do you like?

1. colour (color) ① v.(动词) 涂颜色 Colour the book blue.

② n.(名词) 颜色 orange yellow black red

pink green white brown blue purple

indigo grey(gray)

△ dark [dɑ:k] 深色的 light [lɑit] 浅色的

I like (颜色) black.

I don't like white.

look vi.(不及物动词) 看 + at

e.g.: Look at Miss Yang.

what about 怎么样

2. 对话

A: What's this (in English)?

B: It's a/an book.

A: What colour is it?

B: It's blue.

A: Do you like blue?

B: No, I don't.

A: What colour do you like?

B: I like…

3. they → them 他们 发出动作:they 承受动作:them I've got… = I have got…

lots [l?ts] of 许多

a lot of 许多

4. 颜色的用法:① be ~: It's pink.

② ~ n.: It's a pink shirt.

5. shoes pencil umbrella banana book apples bike flowers cat clock tree bee pen dog mouse

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umbrella ['?mbrel?] 雨伞 an

clock [kl?k] 钟

6. A and B make C. (A, B, C = colour)

Red and green make black. 红和绿形成黑。

7. and用最后两者之间。

Unit 4 How many ducks are there?

1. how many ① (多少),可数名词的数量

② + 可数名词 (pl.) 复数

2. 可数名词单数→复数

⑴ 在词尾加s。

pen → pens

⑵ 以s, x, ch, sh结尾的词加es。

bus → buses box → boxes

watch → watches brush → brushes

⑶ 以辅音字母加y结尾的词,变y为i,再加es。 (y → ies) baby → babies boy → boys

⑷ 以f, fe结尾的词,变f, fe为v,再加es。 (f →ves) (fe → ves) leaf → leaves knife → knives

⑸ 以辅音加o结尾的词(外来词、缩写词除外)加es。

negro ['neɡr?u] → negroes hero ['hi?r?u] → heroes

potato → potatoes tomato → tomatoes mango → mangoes 思。(es)

下列词除外,

photo → photos kilo → kilos

⑹ 特殊变化:

① oo → ee foot → feet tooth → teeth goose → geese ② a → e man → men woman → women ['wimin]

③ mouse → mice louse → lice

④ sheep → 不变 deer → 不变

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people → +s peoples 民族

不变 people 人

fish → 不变或加es fish 或 fishes

⑤ child → children ox → oxen

3. 有 have 某人有某物

there be 某处有某物

there is (are) + 存在物 + [存在的地点]

There is a pen on the desk. 桌子上有笔。

There are two boys in the classroom. 教室里有两个男孩。

4. be →is 可数单数/不可数

→are 可数复数

△ 如果存在物是多种东西时,按“就近”原则选be。

5. 复数一定是可数名词,不可数名词没有单复数之分。

6. butterfly ['b?t?flɑi] 蝴蝶

bear [b??] 熊

hippo ['hɑip?u] 河马

??的?? 加―'s‖ e.g.: Miss Yang's…

beautiful ['bju:t?f?l] 美丽的

homework 家庭作业

7. sh [?] she shoe

ch [?] chick chair

① look vi + at + 物

look!

② here [hi?] 在这里 →(反) there [ee?(r)] 在那里

③ I don't know. 我不知道。 know → no (同音异形) ④ count [kɑunt] 数数

⑤ 数字:one → ten

eleven twelve

13 → 19 ~ teen (thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen

seventeen eighteen nineteen)

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Unit 5 Have you got any fish?

1. ① have [h?v] 有 I have a book.

have got 有 I have got a book.

② some [s?m] 一些 I have got some books.

any ['eni] 一些 Have you got any books?

some 用于肯定句;any用于疑问句,否定句。

③ fish [fi?] 鱼 可数名词 条数:复数不变 fish → fish 种类:复数变 fish → fishes 不可数名词:鱼肉

2. riding

go bike riding. (ride →riding)

go v. –ing go fish →go fishing

在go后面把动词变成 –ing 形式,表示去做……。

3. radio ['reidi?u] 收音机

picture ['pik??] 图片,照片

camera ['k?m?r?] 照相机

bookcase [bukeis] 书柜,书架

colour ①颜色 ②深颜色 colour + sth + 颜色

oo [u] ① foot [fut]

[u:] ② food [fu:d]

4. Are you boy? Yes, I am.

No, I'm not.

Is this a pencil? Yes, it is.

No, it isn't.

Can you sing? Yes, I can.

No, I can't.

Do you like green? Yes, I do.

No, I don't.

Have you got a fish? Yes, I have.

No, I haven't.

一般疑问句需要用yes或no来回答。

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在回答一般疑问句时,答句的最后落脚点与问句的开头词是同一类词。

Unit 6 Has he got a teddy bear?

1. 单三形式:单数的第三人称或第三人称单数形式

第一人称→我,我们

第二人称→你,你们

第三人称→他,他们 人名和物名(我的书)

单三主语有:she, he, it, Rose(单独的人名) the book(物名)等。 如果句子中出现单三形式,have → 变has

She has got a book. 她有一本书。

She has a book.

例如(e.g.):第一人称 I have got a chair.

→变问句

→变否定句

第三人称 她有一本书。 →变问句 她有一本书吗?

→变否定句

2. teddy bear ['tedi] [b??] 泰迪熊(玩具)

I have got a teddy bear.

He has got a teddy bear.

Has he got a teddy bear? ↗

Yes, he has.

No, he hasn't.

but [b?t] 但是 —and

coconut ['k?uk?n?t] 椰子

computer ['k?mpju:t?] 电脑

too 用于句末,表示“也”。

e.g.: I'm a boy, he's a boy too.

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3. 助动词 do

Does

who's got = who has got

bat [b?t] 蝙蝠,球棒

肯定式 I have a book. = I have got a book.

否定式 I don't have a book. = I haven't got a book.

助动词(否定式) do not = don't

does not = doesn't

肯定式 She has a book. = She has got a book.

否定式 ↓(还原)只能一个词表示单三

用于单三否定时,doesn't和has都表示单三,所以has应还原为

have,即:has变have,使句子中只有一个词表示单三。

① We have got some flowers.

We have some flowers.

否 We haven't got any flowers.

We don't have any flowers.

② She has got a bike.

She has a bike.

否 She hasn't got a bike.

She doesn't have a bike.

4. an apple

a red apple

u [?] ?bd] 壁橱 ?mb]

Unit 7 Our family

1. our [ɑu?] 我们的

(同音异形 hour [ɑu?] 小时 an hour 因为h不发音,所以用an) family ['f?mili] 家庭

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families (pl.) 家人(多) family (pl.)

father ['fɑ:e?] mother ['m?e?] brother ['br?e?] sister ['sist?] uncle [?nkl] aunt [ɑ:nt]

This is my family.

This is my father, he is…years old.

2. 数字:eleven twelve

13~19 -teen [ti:n]

20, 30…90 -ty

hundred ['h?ndr?d] 一百(前加one或a)

11~19 eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen

sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen

20~90 twenty thirty forty fifty

sixty seventy eighty ninety

3. family photo ['f?ut?u] 全家福 (photo → photograph) look + at + 物

4. grand [ɡr?nd] (隔一辈) grandmother = grandma

grandfather = grandpa

5. be for 是给??的

The book is for Fed.

6. hip [hip] (欢呼声)

hooray ['hu:rei] (欢呼声) go away 出去

① holidy ['h?l?dei] 假日

② song [s?η] 歌曲

③ lovely ['l?vli] 可爱的

④ guitar [ɡi'tɑ:] 吉它

⑤ help [help] 帮助

help sb. do sth I help Miss Tang learn English. help sb. to do sth I help Miss Tang to learn English.

7. o [?] box sock dog

[?u] nose those close

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8. 人名后 + 's 表示:??的

e.g.: Tom's family.

Unit 8 Who is the winner?

1. revision:

⑴ What's your name? My name is…

I'm…

⑵ How old are you? I'm…years old.

⑶ How many pencils are there in the pencil-box.

There's 1.

There are 2.

⑷ What's this? It's a…

⑸ How old is your father? He's 36.

⑹ What colour is it? It's…

What colour(s) are they? They are…

⑺ How many people are there in your family?

⑻ What are these? They're…

⑼ Which is the pen? This is the pen.

⑽ Have you got a…? Yes, I have.

No, I haven't.

Has he got a…? Yes, he has.

No, he hasn't.

⑾ This is a pen. → (变复数形式) These are some pens.

2. turtle [t?:tl] 乌龟 present ['preznt] 礼物

park [pɑ:k] 公园 telephone ['telif?un] 电话 doctor [d?kt?] 医生 watermelon ['w?:t?mel?n] cherry ['?eri] 樱桃 grape [ɡreip] 葡萄

3. i —开 [ɑi] bike five

—闭 [i] big

wh —[w] white

—[h] + o who whose 西瓜

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row [r?u] n. 横排 What row are you in?

I am in Row One.

v. 划(船) Row a boat.

merry ['meri] 快乐的 Merry Christmas 圣诞节快乐

Unit 9 What's your favourite fruit?

1. ① favourite [fei'v?reit] adj. 最喜爱的 My favourite food. n. 最喜欢的(人或物)

My favourite is my mother.

我最喜欢的人是妈妈。

前面用“某人的”

e.g.: your favourite book

② fruit [fru:t] 水果

③ food [fu:d] 食物

④ drink [?iηk] n. 饮料 drink some drink 喝点饮料 v. 喝 drink some milk 喝点牛奶

2. fruit:(可数):watermelon apple pear pineapple coconut

banana grape lemon orange mango

plum peach cherry kiwi [ki'wi:] 弥猴桃

strawberry

food:(可数):hamburger sandwich hotdog cake

sausage ['s?sei?] egg biscuit pie

(不可数):beef rice bread pizza noodles

ice cream fish meat

drink:(不可数): tea milk water coffee juice [?u:s]果汁

7-up 饮料 coke 可口可乐 lemonade

[lem?'neid] 柠檬汁

3. 句型:

① (代表类别)

② (不可数)

(可数名词复数)(pl.)

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③ I like… (pl.)

④ Apples are my favourite fruit.

4. let's = let us let's + do

go out 出去 come in 进来

there be: 有

there are / is 有

lots of = a lot of 许多

beautiful ['bju:t?f?l] 漂亮的

5. fruit un (不可数名词)

fruits (种类)

6. long [l?η] 长的 →(反) short [??:rt] 短的 like + n.(形式) I like Miss Yang.

+ to(do) (原形) I like to run.

+ doing I like running.

go to school 上学

at 7:00(时刻) at 12:30

have = eat = drink

for lunch [l?n?] 午餐

also ['?:ls?u] 也 (用于句中,放在be后) too [tu:] 也 (用于句末)

7. 物主代词:my your his her our their ??的 物主代词 + n

8. a [ei] cake game face snake

Unit 10 Do you want an orange or a pear?

1. want [w?nt] 想要 + n. I want a book.

+ to do I want to play.

or [?] 或者,还是 Do you like red or green?

Do you want an apple? ↗ Yes, I do.

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No, I don't.

Do you want an apple or a pear? ↘ I want a pear.

It is a pencil-box.

→ Is it a pencil-box? Yes, it is.

No, it isn't.

Is it a pencil-box or a pencil-bag? It's a pencil-box.

I can see a bird.

→ Can you see a bird? Yes, I can.

No, I can't.

Can you see a bird or a mouse? I can see a bird.

2. ⑴ juice lemonade 不可数

果汁 柠檬汁

⑵ 一些 some (陈述句)

any (疑问句,否定句)

用some希望得到肯定回答。 ⑶ too 也 There's an egg, too. (句末)

also 也 They also love me. (句中 be ~ ~ v.) too用于句末;also用于句中,用在be动词后面,实动词前面,一句当中动词最重要。

I am a teacher, too.

I am also a teacher.

I also like English.

⑷ a, an 一个 a 用在辅音音标开头词前

an 用在元音音标开头词前

a pear a university [?ju:ni'v?:s?ti] 大学

an apple an hour [?u?] 小时

⑸ ar [ɑ] car farm garden

3. 把陈述句转换成一般疑问句,再变成选择疑问句。

I like red.

Do you like red?

Do you like red or green?

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Unit 11 Look at this tall man.

1. look at

Look at Miss Yang.

tall [t?:l] adj. 高的 →short [??:t] adj. 短的,矮的

short adj. 短的 →long [l?η] adj. 长的

big [biɡ] adj. 大的 →small [sm?:l] adj. 小的

adj. (形容词) ??的

用法:① be + adj. 形容词放在be动词后面。

The pen is long.

My mother is tall.

② adj. + n. (名词) 形容词放在名动词前面,修饰名词。 I have a small nose.

These are big trees.

2. this [eis] 这 →(复数)these [ei:z] 这些

that [e?t] 那 →(复数)those [e?uz] 那些

This is a book.(变成复数形式的句子)Those are some books.

3. see(同音异形词)sea

Touch your nose.

touch your + 身体器官(hair, head, ear, eye, nose, mouth, face, neck, arm, hand, lag, foot, toe, heel)

I have a (adj.) … (介绍自己有一个??)

I have got a (adj.) …

缩写:I've got…

tail [teil] 尾巴

round [rɑund] 圆的

clock [klɑk] 钟表

snake [sneik] 蛇

4. What is she? (询问某人的职业)她是干什么的?

She is a… (回答用职业)

What are you? 你是干什么的?

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I'm a student.

5. ee [i:] bee sheep tree

6. hair 整体:不可数 My hair is black.

个体:可数 There are some hairs on Miss Yong's head. pretty ['priti] adj. 漂亮的 [多修饰人(女)]

beautiful (主要修饰物 此两词同意)

Unit 12 Whose bike is it?

1. whose [hu:z] 谁的

whose + n. 单 Book is it?

复 Books are they?

they're ① They're Lily's.

② They're Lily's book.

③ They're my + n..

物主代词:my your his her its our their (代)的

2. Whose book is it? ① It's Rose's.

② It's Fred's book.

③ It's his book.

Whose tables are they?

物主代词:① my your his her its our your their + n.

② mine yours his hers its ours yours theirs 不能加名词 ① 形容词性物主代词

② 名词性物主代词

e.g.: This is teacher. (我们的)

This teacher is

3. new →(反)old

I'm sorry = sorry → It doesn't matter.

maybe ['meibi:] 也许 (句首)

trousers ['tr?uz?z] 裤子 (永远处理成复数)

trousers = pants

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pl. My trousers blue (be).

This pair of trousers blue.

a of trousers

一条

Unit 13 What's for breakfast?

1. meal [mi:l] 餐

breakfast ['brekf?st] 早餐

lunch [l?n?] 午餐

supper ['s?p?] 晚餐 → 晚 ← dinner ['din?] snack [sn?k] 间食,小吃,夜宵,零食

注:一日三餐前无冠词,均用for。

2. What's for breakfast? I have/eat…

What's for lunch?

What's for supper?

I have/eat…for breakfast.

I have bread for breakfast.

We're got…for breakfast.

We're got bread for breakfast.

3. ⑴ mother: Mum, Mom, Mummy

⑵ That's great. 太好了,太棒了

好的,棒的,伟大的

the Great Wall 长城

⑶ they I →发出动作用

them me →承受动作

⑷ goodness ['ɡudnis] 天地 goodness (口语) my goodness ! = my god! = my! 我的天啊! Thank goodness. 谢天谢地

⑸ What's your favourite food?

My favourite food is 可数(复)

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不可数

可数(复)数are my favourite food 不可 is

I like to do (to eat)

doing (eating)

⑹ best [best] 最 like…best 最喜欢?? ⑺ French fries [fren?, frɑiz] 薯条

⑻ chicken ['?ik?n] 鸡肉

⑼ carrot ['k?r?t] 胡萝卜

凡是肉类都不可数

4. What's in the box?

注:① what's + 地点? 这个地方有什么? ↓

② be → is

look(不及物动词)= have a look 看一看 thank you = thanks 谢谢

you're welcome 不客气

5. time [t?im] 时间

读法:① 5:00 five

five o'clock 整点

② 3:30 three thirty

5:05 five five

What's the time? 几点了?

What time is it?

6. look 强调动作:看

see 强调结果:看见

What's the time? = What time is it? => It's 5:45.

a glass of milk 一杯牛奶

be doing 动作正在发生

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e.g.: I am playing… 我正在玩??。

We are eating… 我们正在吃??。

glass [ɡlɑ:s] 杯子 => 不可数名词可数化

a glass of milk 一杯牛奶

after ['ɑ:ft?] 在??后(时间)

go to school 上学

a lot of = lots of — many

— much

7. kind [kɑind] n. 种类

a kind of 一种 kinds of 多种 all kinds of 各种各样的 jam [??m] 果酱

would like ( = want like ) 想要 (用法一样)

① + n. I want milk. I would like milk.

② + to do I want to play. I would like to play.

8. What's for breakfast on…?

Monday 星期一 Tuesday 星期二 Wednesday 星期三 Thursday 星期四 Friday 星期五 Saturday 星期六 Sunday 星期日

=> ① 首字母大写

② 无冠词the

③ on ~ 在??

④ What day is it today? 今天星期几?

It's Sunday. 今天星期日

=> What's for breakfast on Monday?

I have burger for breakfast on Monday. .....

Unit 14 By bus or by bike?

1. traffic tools: bus bike = bicycle car taxi train plane

motorbike [?m?ut?'b?ik] ship [?ip] boat [b?ut]

helicopter ['helik?pt?] subway = under ground

=> ① by bus = ② on a bus = ③ on the bus = ④ on buses (用

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于句尾)

2. 同意句转换

I go to Beijing by…

I go to the zoo by…

I go to shool (go home) by…

I take (搭乘) a bus to + 地点

I ride (骑) a bike to +地点

I walk (走) to +地点

by bus ※ on foot 步行

e.g.: I go to school by bus.

I take a bus to school.

I walk to the park.

I go to the park on foot.

I go home by bike.

I ride a bike home.

口语:① Do you go to school on foot?

你是走着上学?

Yes, I do.

No, I don't.

② Do you go to school by bus or by bike? I go to school by bus.

③ How do you go to school?

I go to school by bus.

3. ① still [stil] 依然,仍旧

② wait [weit] v. 等待 wait for… 等待?? ③ how do you go to

④ bookstore ['bukst?:] 书店

⑤ want to do

e.g.: I want to be a…

⑥ ay [ei] play day may

4. 疑问句

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一般疑问句 用升调提问的问句,需要用yes或no回答 选择疑问句

特殊疑问句

反意疑问句(附加)

5. 一般疑问句,需要用yes或no来回答,用升调提问。

陈述句变成一般疑问句

① 含有be (am, is, are) 动词的句子,将be提前,第一人称变第

二人称,第三人称不变。

e.g.: I am a girl.

→ Are you a girl?

There is a book on the table.

→ Is there a book on the table?

They are friends.

→ Are they friends?

② 含有情态动词can的句子,将情态动词提前。

e.g.: We can see a bird.

→ Can you see a bird?

She can sing a song.

→ Can you sing a song?

③ 含有实义动词(行为动词)的句子,找与实义动词对应的助

动词,将其放在句首,句中的动词还原。

助动词:帮助动词形成问句的词,无实际意义。

do does did

原形 单三 过去式

→ Do you like English?

She likes English.

6. 练习

① 注意大小写的变化和标点符号的变化。

② 注意人称变化,一变二,二变一,三不变。

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③ 特殊词的变化

some(肯定陈述句)→ any(疑问句)

e.g.: I have some milk.

Do you have any milk?

⑴ There are some children in the classroom.

→ Are there any children in the classroom?

Yes, there are.

No, there aren't.

⑵ I play football every day.

→ Do you play football every day?

Yes, I do.

No, I don't.

⑶ They can come here.

→ Can they come here?

Yes, they can.

No, they can't.

⑷ We have milk for breakfast.

→ Do you have milk for breakfast?

Yes, we do.

No, we don't.

⑸ I am drinking.

→ Are you drinking?

Yes, I am.

No, I'm not.

7. 特殊疑问句,需要用具体内容来回答。

结构:以 wh~ 开头(特殊疑问词) + 一般疑问句 + ? 题型:就划线部分提问。

答题步骤:① 找到划线部分对应的特殊疑问词。(寻找) 如: → (what)

特殊疑问词有

what 什么 (代事物)

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who 谁 (代人物)

whose 谁的 (代人物的)

where 哪里 (代地点)

when 什么时候 (代时间)

which 哪一个 (代特征)

why 为什么 (代原因)

how 怎样 (代方式)

② 将原句变成一般疑问句。(改变)

③ 两者加合(疑问词 + 一般疑问句),去掉划线部分。

① how

③ How do you go to school?

① where

② Is the book on the desk?

③ Where is the book?

Unit 15 We love animals.

1. love [l?v] v. 喜爱

like v. 喜欢

① ~ + n.(单/复数)

e.g.: I like / love books.

I like / love the book.

I love / like Miss Yang.

② ~ + doing I like / love playing football.

to do I love / like to play football.

animal ['?nim?l] n. 动物

spider ['spɑid?] n. 蜘蛛

I like/love + 动物

cat → cats

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snake [sneik] 蛇 → snakes

fish [fi?] 鱼 → fish

goat [ɡ?ut] 山羊 → goats

tiger ['tɑiɡ?] 老虎 → tigers

mouse [mɑus] 老鼠 → mice [mɑis]

hippo ['hip?u] 河马 → hippos

crocodile ['kr?k?dɑil] n. 鳄鱼

duck [d?k] 鸭子 → ducks

giraffe [dri'raif] n. 长颈鹿

chicken ['?ikin] n. 小鸡

I love horses.

I like chickens.

Unit 16 What do you do every day?

1. What do you do? 你是做什么的?

= What are you?

= What's your job?

回答:I am a…

What do you do + 地点

时间

e.g.: What do you do at school? 你在学校做什么?

everyday 每天

※ 一、一般现在时:在现在一段时间内反复发生的动作和状态。 构成:⑴ 主语 + 动词原型 + 其它

动词原型:表示动作的词的原本形式。

e.g.: I read English everyday.

⑵ 主语是第三人称单数(he, she, it, 人名)+

动词 + s + 其它

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e.g.: He reads English everyday.

have breakfast drink milk eat cakes

learn English read books ride a bike

3. ⑴ throw ['θrou] v. 扔

⑵ sing → songs

→ a song

⑶ kick [kik] v. 踢

⑷ play with a dog play + 某类运动 play with…

e.g.: I play with my brother everyday.

⑸ study ['st?di] learn English (学会) study English (学) ⑹ go on 继续前进

go back 后退

⑺ letter 字母 word 单词

⑻ find [fɑind] v. 找到,寻找

⑼ sit on a chair

⑽ throw a ball

⑾ sleep in bed

⑿ kick a ball

⒀ dirty [d?:ti] adj. 脏的

⒁ spell [spel] v. 拼读

⒂ can't = can not 不能

catch [k??] v. 抓住

can't catch the ball

run to school

for… 为??

away [?'wei] 远离

throw sth away 把某东西扔出去。 run away 跑走了

sleep in class 在课堂上睡觉了

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⒃ question n. 问题

answer v. 回答

ask [ɑ:sk] v. 问

answer questions

ask questions

I ask questions in class.

I answer questions in class.

⒄ help [help] v. 帮助

child → children

help sb to do sth = help sb do

help sb with sth

⒅ home work 家庭作业

talk [t?lk] v. 谈话,讲话

right [rɑit] adj. 正确的,右边的

Don't colour the right pictures.

have a bath 洗澡 = take a bath

go to bed on time 按时睡觉

sleep with shoes on 穿鞋睡觉

⒇ congratulation [k??'ɡr?tjulei??n] n. 祝贺,恭喜 catch mice and fish

swim in the water

play games [ɡeim]

at school 在学校

(21) study [st?di] v. 学 (一般)

learn (用心)

(22) I like… ~ + n.

I love… ~ + to do

~ + doing

4. What do you do? = What are you? = What's your job? I'm a…

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What do you do + 时间:everyday?

地点:in the classroom?

时态:一般现在时:经常发生的动作。

人/物 + 动词原形(do) + 时间 地点

Unit 17 Assessment

1. ① What colour is…?

② How many…are there?

③ What's in…?

Unit 18 Revision

1. dress jeans glasses jacket shirt shoes sock handbag

2. on under behind in between next to near

in front of(位置) in front of(范围外) in the front of(事物内)

3. n.-s : → [s] 清 → 清 caps desks

[z] 浊 → 浊 cabs bags

[?] hats cats

[?] hands heads

[iz] oranges cages

4. parrot ['p?r?t]

at home = in the house 在家

Do you like…?

① Yes, I do. / No, I don't. (回答)

一般疑问句答案落脚点与问句开头词为同一类词。 .... ② Yes, / No, 句子(理由)

③ Yes, I like… 实意动词 + ??

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下 册

Unit 1 At the farm.

1. I can see hens the farm. (A: in B: at C: on) 表示“在农场上”最佳介词“on”。

farm → farmer

What's on the farm? → There are many animals.

2. they(发出动作) → them(承受动作)

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but [b?t] conj.(连接词)但是,(转折)

※ I like rabbits, but I don't like cats.

I like rabbits, I like cats.

用逗号隔开,不能独立存在,用and连接。独立存在用句号。 he → him

※ like v. + ing: I like eating burgers. 我喜欢吃汉堡。

to + v. :

right ① right 右 →(反)left 左

② right 对的,正确的 →(反)wrong [r??] 错的 That's right. 对了。

That's all right. 没关系。

Me too. 我也如此。

There are goats on the farm. 农场上有些山羊。 → Are there goats on the farm?

变疑问句 some →(变)any

回答:Yes, there are.

No, there aren't.

These ducks are beautiful.

→ Are these ducks beautiful?

Yes, they are.

No, they aren't.

形容词: beautiful 美的 →(反)ugly 丑的

干净的 →(反) 脏的

Unit 2 A busy Sunday morning.

1. busy ['bizi] adj. 忙碌的 Miss Yang is busy.

① 前必须加be动词,动作变ing形式。

我们忙着玩呢。 Busy as a bee. 忙的不可开交。

② 某一天前的介词一定用on。

on Sunday 在星期天。

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③ 在早上,上午,下午前的介词都用in。

in the morning afternoon evening

on Sunday morning (只要出现某一天,前面介词就用on。) Miss Yang is busy singing a song.

be busy doing 忙于

everybody ['ev?rib?di] 每个人,大家 (处理成单三形式) Everybody is here.

2. What are you doing? 你们正在做什么?

时态 → 动(作)词

※ 二、现在进行时:表示现在正在发生的动作。

构成:be + doing

e.g.: I am playing.

We are dancing.

v. → v.-ing 形式:

① 直接加 read → reading

② 不发音e结尾,把e去掉 take → taking

③ 重读闭音节单词,双写结尾辅音字母

run → running

重读闭音节:① 以辅、元、辅结尾。

② 该音节必须重读,单音节单词书写时无重

音符号。

③ 发音以辅、元、辅结尾,有独立发音。

3. The Spring Festival 春节

see → seeing mend → mending play → play

swim → swimming ride → riding write → writing draw → drawing sing → singing listen → listening say → saying run → running hop → hopping jump → jumping open → opening close → closing I am singing. → What are you doing?

paint [peint] v. 粉刷油漆

pick [pik] v. 拾,摘

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Unit 3 Where's the cat?

1. where [wε?] 在哪里

Where is the book? (where is = where's)

Where are the books? (Where are 不能缩写)

回答:It's on the desk.

They're on the desk.

be + prep. (介)

表示位置的介词:in, on, under, behind, between(两者之间),

next to(挨着??),

in front of,

in the front of,

near.

2. floor [fl?:] n. 地板,地面,(楼层)

on the floor 在地面上,在地板上

Which floor do you live on? 你住在第几层?

我住在第三层。

(楼层在前,数字在后,二者第一个字母都大写。)

near [ni?] 在??附近

pond [p?nd] 池塘

pool [pu:l] 水池

Unit 4 Please have some cake.

1. have 有 = have got

吃 = eat

喝 = drink

cake: a birthday cake(可数)一个生日蛋糕 (切开不可数) 小事一桩,小意思

2. please: 句首 Please sit down.

句末 Sit down please.

have: have got 有 I have a book.

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eat 吃 I have bread for breakfast.

drink 喝 I have coffee for lunch.

3. 祈使句 特点:① 无主语

② 动词原形开头

③ 表示了对对方的命令,意愿,请求

肯定:Stand up. Go out.

否定:Don't 开头 Don't stand up.

4. drink v. 喝

n. 饮品 soft drink

It's time for + n. for lunch / school / class

It's time to + v. to have lunch / go to school

5. What are you doing? 现在进行时=> be + v.-ing I'm swimming. talk [t?:k] v. 谈 谈论 about + 谈论内容

(对象)talk to… 与??说,对??说

(强调前者对后者说) talk with… 和??说,与??说 (两者之间谈论) Put…on… 放在??

Put the book on the desk.

6. shelf [?elf] n. 架子 bookshelf = bookcase 书架,带有书柜的 shelves pl.(复数) 一层一层的

have a drink 喝点东西吧

lots of = a lot of 许多

for example [iɡzɑ:mpl] 例如,例子

child → children pl.

go to school 上学 go home 回家

have fun = have a good time 过的开心,玩的愉快

fun 没有冠词a(不可数名词)

ping-pong 乒乓球(加连词符 – 无须大写)

? Ping Pong (不加连词符 – 则大写)

? Table tennis 乒乓球

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① desk → desks 直接加

② box → boxes

③ wife → wives

④ city → cities

⑤ tomato →tomatoes 直接加es

⑥ photo → photos

⑦ foot → feet

⑧ sheep → sheep 不变

play 玩 play the + 乐器: 翻译成:吹,拉,弹,奏 play + 球类: 翻译成:踢,打,玩

Unit 5 This is our house.

1. house [h?us] 房子 → houses ['h?uziz]

horse [h?:s] 马 → horses [h?:siz]

※ How many rooms are there in your house? 你家有多少间房间? 有: there be 句式翻译成(有)。存在句(某地有某物) have = have got (有生命类的东西)(某人有物) There is a book on the desk. 桌子上有一本书。

There are ten girls in the classroom. 教室里有十个女生。 → there is 单数/不可数(就近原则)

There are 复数

※ There are 5 rooms in my house. 我家有五间房间。

2. How many rooms are there in your house?

There are 5 rooms in my house.

What are they? 他们都是什么?

They are living room. 客厅 ['li:vi?]

bedroom 卧室 ['bedru:m]

bathroom 洗手间 [bɑ:θru:m]

kitchen 厨房 ['ki??n]

dining room 餐厅 ['d?ini?]

balcony 阳台 ['b?lk?ni]

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They are a living room, a kitchen and two bedrooms.

他们是一个客厅,一个厨房和两间卧室。

3. It's + adj. (加描述这个房间的形容词)

① live [li:v] v. 居住,生活

vi.(不及物动词)+ in…

live in… 住在??

How many rooms are there in your house?

→ There are 5 rooms in my house.

What are they?

→ They are two bedrooms, a living, a bathroom and a kitchen. (在最后两者之间加and)

① live(居住)+ in(介词)

I live in Shenyang. 我住在沈阳。

② parent ['p?rent] 父母亲之一

父母双亲

e.g.: My parent is old. (parent不加s表示父母亲中的一个人) My parents are old. (加s表示父母两个人)

③ 's 表示谁的 Leo's

teachers' 老师们的

(复数加s后面加“'”,省略一个s) teacher's 一个老师的

④ often [?fn] 经常 (te不发音,一个动作经常发生,一般

现在时)

一般现在时:do

⑤ watch TV 看电视

watch n. 手表 v. 看

watch: 观看( + 电视,电影,比赛)

see: 看到,看见( + 内容)

look: 看 (强调发出动作)

read: 读看书报( + 文字性的东西)

① play games 做游戏(固定词组)

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② take a bath = have a bath 洗澡

③ tidy ['tɑidi] adj. 整洁的 (双音节或多音节的结尾y发 [i],

一个音节y发 [i] )

④ very much 非常 I miss you very much.

(句末,修饰动作)

very 非常 She is very tall. 她非常高。

(修饰形容词,放在形容词之前)

⑩ meal 餐

4. j: 字母 j 都发音 [?]

l: 在单词前面发清楚音 [l] ,在单词结尾发含糊音 [l]

leg

table

which [wi?] 哪一个

prep. 介词:in, on, under, between, behind, next, to near, in front,

in the front of

=> ① 人/物 be + prep.(介词) 没有动作用动词be

② 放 put… + prep.

storey ['st?ri] 楼层 同意词 → floor

living room = sitting room 客厅,起居室

I love my house. 我爱我家。

5. 人称并列:长辈到小辈的顺序,我在最后,你→他→我,我一定

在最后。

Unit 6 What's in your bedroom?

1. What's in your bedroom? 卧室里有什么?

询问某地有什么时:what's(只有is) + 地点?

疑问词 + is + 地点

回答:① There be…

② I have got…

bedroom: bed, bookcase, computer, table-end(床头柜)(连字

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符‖-―不能丢), photo, clock, desk, toy, chair, armchair,

flower, map, camera, wardrobe ['w?:dr?ub] (衣柜), lamp,

telephone.

living room: sofa(沙发), TV(television), table(桌子), flower(花),

armchair(手扶椅), mirror(镜子), mat(地毯),

table-end(茶几).

bathroom: toilet(马桶), tap(水龙头), glass(杯子), toothbrush(牙刷),

tub(浴缸), washing-shower(淋浴器), towel(毛巾),

soap(肥皂), mop(拖布), shampoo(香波), broom(扫

帚).

kitchen, dining-room: spoon(匙), pot(锅), bowl(碗), plate(dish)(盘),

cooker(炊具), knife(刀), fork(叉), chopstick(筷子),

fridge(ice box)(冰箱), microwave(微波炉),

cupboard(橱柜).

2. well [wel] ① adj.(形容词)好的(表示身体好)

I am well. 我很好。

② good → well adv.(副词) This is a good book. 好的 好地 I study English well. ③ n.(名词)井

④ 语气词:转移话题,没有实际意义。“那么” 语文:的:形容词,修饰名词,修饰人或物。

地:副词,修饰动作。

3. scissors ['siz?:z] 剪刀(无论何时出现,都是复数形式。)

be: are My scissors are black.

a pair of scissors 一把剪刀

4. thing [θi?] 东西,事情

something 一些东西(永远单数)(本身为一个词,如分开写,

则为some things)。

5. n. + s的读法:[s] caps, desks ① 单词结尾音为清辅音。

[z] toys, cabs ② 单词结尾音为浊辅音

(包括元音)。

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chi [?] cats, hats ③ t结尾。

zhi [ds] hands, heads ④ d结尾。

[iz] oranges, cages ⑤ 鸟笼 结尾音为[?],

一般结尾有e。

6. You've got to go to school. 你们得[dei]去上学了。

① have got + n.(名词) 有??

表示“有”的时候,后面一定要跟“名词”。

e.g.: I've got a book. 我有一本书。

② have got to do 典型的口语,大多数都要缩写。

Have多和主语缩写,表达的含义:得做??,强调动作即

将发生。

Unit 7 What do you do at school?

1. at school 在学校 (固定词组)

at home 在家

同义句:① what do you do?

② what are you?

③ what your job?

你是干什么的?(询问职业)

=> I'm a pupil. 我是一名小学生。

经常) do? 你经常做什么?

只要句子加一点词,就表示:你??做什么?

=> I often read books.

2. listen (vi.不及物动词) (听) to music 听音乐

不及物动词 + to…

① 代词用宾格形式 listen to me

② 科目前不加冠词the ()

③ 普通名词n.前加冠词the listen to the radio

take a walk 散步

swim 游泳

have a meeting 开会

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ask and answer the questions 问或回答问题

play soccer ['s?k?] 踢足球

draw pictures 画画

play computer games 打电子游戏

tell stories(story) [st?ri] 讲故事

read books 读书

learn + 科目 学??

English, music, maths(数学 s可有可无), Chinese,

science(自然科学), P.E.(体育的缩写), art(美术), computer,

M.E.(品德课), H.E.(健康课), social['s???l] studies(综合)

① 科目前没有冠词

② English, Chinese 首写字母大写,与国家有关

ask 问 → (反) answer 答 (w不发音)

question ['kwes??n] qu [kw] tion [??n] stion [??n] soccer (英)足球 = football 足球 (美语中有橄榄球的意思)

3. I do(动词原形)…

I play computer games.

I tell stories. story ['st?ri]

I read books.

4. inside [in'sɑid] 里边 → (反) outside [ɑut'sɑid] 外边

go inside 进来 go outside 出去

classmate ['klɑ:smeit] 同学,同班同学

~mate ~体(具有同种关系的人)

schoolmate 校友

roommate 室友

like to do: I like to swim.

like doing: I like swimming.

at school 在校(一般意义的学习,玩。哪所学校都可)(泛指) in the school 在(特定的某所学)校(特指)

pool [pu:l] 水池 the swimming pool 游泳池

固定词组:

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after class 下课后

after school 放学后

in the morning 在早上

in the afternoon 在下午

in the evening 在晚上

at noon 在中午

at night 在午夜

5. throw [θr?u] 扔,投 ~ to 扔向(无意识)

~ at 扔到(有意识,打中目标) ~ away 扔掉

Don't throw the paper away. Don't throw away the paper.

6. 校名:I study in No.3 Qigong School. (公立)

用街道名字命名的,先说数字,后说街道。

名词:只要是什么东西的名字,就是名词。

I study in Yong Eagle School. 我在雏鹰小学。

以特定的名字命名的学校(私立),可用拼音。

playground ['pleiɡrɑund] 操场

underground 地铁

in class 在课上

watch TV 看电视

on the ground 在操场上

play the + 乐器 play the piano 弹钢琴 play 球类(不加冠词) play football 踢足球 play a game / play games

play game(单独存在时) 下棋

take a walk 散步

walk 走(动词)

Unit 8 What's your favourite sport?

1. What's your favourite fruit?

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My favourite fruit is mangoes(复数).

用复数代表整个芒果的类别。

sport [sp?:t] 运动

play football(足球), basketball(篮球), Ping Pang ball(乒乓球),

soccer(足球), volleyball(排球), table tennis(乒乓球),

badminton(羽毛球), baseball(棒球), golf(高尔夫球),

tennis(网球), hockey(曲棍球), ice hockey(冰球)(典型组合

词), rugby(橄榄球)

My favourite sport is football. 我最喜欢的运动是踢足球。 My favourite sport is playing football.

动词ing形式:

① 让动词具有名词词性,即动名词。

② 构成现在进行时,即现在分词。

sport: three-leg-running 两人三足(如果用连字符,名词用单

数。)

frog jumping 蛙跳

sport meeting 运动会

2. still [stil] 依然,仍旧 (be动词之后,实义动词之前)

我依然喜欢英语。

3. What's your favourite sport? 你最喜欢的运动是什么?

→ My favourite sport is football. 我最喜欢的运动是足球。

My favourite sport is playing football. 我最喜欢的运动是踢足球。 同义句:→ I like football best. (句末加best,表示最喜欢) I like playing football best. (like…best)(我最喜欢) My favourite flower is rose. = I like rose best.

我最喜欢的花是玫瑰花。 我最喜欢玫瑰花。

My favourite sport is running. (动词的ing形式)(代表动作的

名称)

我最喜欢的运动是跑步。

4. He's running(现在分词). 他在跑步。

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running v. + ing ① 动词的ing形式,让这个动词具有名词

的性质。

② 现在分词,用在现在进行时中。 在??时间 ① at 时刻 e.g.: at 6:30

② on 某一天 e.g.: on Sunday, on May 21st (5月21日) ③ in 某一时段 e.g.: in 2008, in a week (在一周) a.m. 上午 = in the morning

p.m. 下午 = in the afternoon

p.m., a.m. 前面都没有介词。

5. play…with… 和??(谁)玩??(什么)

play with 人:和??玩

物:玩弄某物

e.g.: ① I often play football with Miss Yang.

我经常和杨老师踢足球。

② I often play with my sister.

我经常和妹妹玩。

③ Don't play with the fire.

别玩火。

6. watch TV

watch…on TV 在电视里看到??(节目)用on。

7. go fishing = go to fish

will [wil] 将要(后面用动词原形)

e.g.: I will go to Beijing.

Unit 9 Let's play.

1. ① in English 用英语 in

e.g.: What's this in English? 这用英语怎么说?

② get…from 从??取得

e.g.: I get a notebook from Miss Yang. 从杨老师那里得到一

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本笔记本。

③ stand on a leg 单腿站立

stand on the head. 倒立

④ 祁使句:无主语,动词原形开头,表示对对方的意愿和请求。 Go to the door.

Don't go to the door.

⑤ right now 立刻,马上

2. 用:① use [ju:z] v. 用 人use物 (人用??物)

② in prep.(介词) 用

in + 语言或抽象东西

③ with prep.(介词) 用 I writhe with a pen.我用钢笔写字。 with + 具体的东西(工具类)

3. fold [f?uld] 折 fold up 折起来(固定词组)

4. everybody 大家,每个人

5. I'm busy doing my homework. 我忙着做家庭作业。 There is some milk, bags and books on the desk.

Unit 10 Our beautiful garden.

1. our [?u?] 我们的

Miss Yang is our teacher. Ms.杨是我们的老师。

同音异形词 hour 小时 an hour 一小时

冠词:a / an 一个

the this 特指用the

the that

the these

the those

an hour 名词前用a / an与开头字母是否发音有关系。

a university ['ju:niv?siti] 大学 冠词用a

Where are you? I'm in the classroom. here, there前无介词 I'm here. 我在这。 / He is there. 他在那儿。 look at… 看?? look at him

主格:发出动作的人 I, you, he, she, we, they, it.

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宾格:承受动作的人 me, you, him, her, us, them, it.

clean v. 打扫 clean the classroom 打扫教室

adj. 干净的 My bedroom is very clean. 我的卧室很干净。 take a bath = have a bath 洗澡

Do you like taking a bath? 你喜欢洗澡吗?

※like to do

like doing

口语:Me, too. 我也这样。

2. be doing <= 现在进行时

(地点放在句末)

许多:① many ['meni] 许多

② any ['eni] 一些

③ lots of = a lot of 许多

花园里有许多花。 杯子里有许多牛奶。

这里有许多男孩。

many只能修饰可数名词,后面一定是可数名词。

Flowers只能用many来修饰。

lots of和a lots of既可以修饰可数名词,也可以修饰不可数名词。

3. 一般疑问句,用yes或no来回答,用升调。

① We are good friends.

Are you good friends? (一人称改为二人称)

Yes, we are.

No, we aren't.

② They can swim here.

Can they swim here?

Yes, they can.

No, they can't.

③ I play football everyday.

Do you play football everyday?

Yes, I do.

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No, I don't.

④ I have got a bike.

Have you got a bike?

Yes, I have.

No, I haven't.

4. carrot ['k?r?t] 胡萝卜

onion ['?ni?n] 洋葱

① There are some apples on the desk. (are be动词) some(肯定,否定)→ any(疑问)

Are there any apples on the desk?

② We can learn English well. (can情态动词) Can you learn English well?

③ They often read books in class. (read一般动词用助动词) Do they often read books in class?

other ['?e?] 另外的,其它的 the other

one… + the other…

e.g.: I have two babies, one is a girl, and the other is a boy.

我有两个孩子,一个是女孩,一个是男孩。

the other加前面的one…构成前面的整体。

play with a skipping-rope 玩跳绳

skipping-rope ['skipi?-'r?up] 跳绳

hide[h?id] and seek[si:k] 捉迷藏

sure [?u?] 当然了

How do you spell ―Peter‖? 你怎么拼Peter?

→ P↗—E↗—T↗—E↗—R↘ Peter

mountain ['m?unt?n] 高山

hill [hil] 小山

in the sky 在空中

Unit 11 What's Li Tong Dong?

1. What are you doing? => I'm running.

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What's he doing? => He's learning.

What's she doing? => She's running.

=> 现在进行时,此时此刻正在发生的动作。

=> 人,物 be(am, is, are) doing

play → playing skate → skating sit → sitting draw

→ drawing stand → standing make → making run → running listen →)

do homework 做作业(固定词组) do不能用write write [rɑit] v. 写

sentence [sentens] n. 句子

2. AM: 上午 = in the morning

PM: 下午 = in the afternoon

通常和时间一起,不再加介词。

e.g.: 8:00 AM. 上午8点。

I often have a class at 8:00 AM.

What time is it? = What's the time? 几点了?

回答:It's… 数字法:5:15 five fifteen.

介词法:past [pɑ:st] 过了

to [tu:] 差??分到??点。

quarter ['kw?:t?] 一刻钟

half [hɑ:f] 半小时

e.g.: 半小时以内

5:15 a quarter past five = fifteen past five

5:30 half past five

5:05 five past five

4:20 twenty past four

8:10 ten past eight

过半小时

5:45 a quarter to six = fifteen to six

5:50 ten to six

1:58 two to two

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2:54 six to three

o'clock 用于整点 = of clock

3. Children's Day 儿童节

在树下的高个子男人

The tall man is under the tree. 高个的男人在树下。 介词短语修饰名词时要放在后面。

the book on the desk 桌子上的书

the pencil in the pencil-box 文具盒里的铅笔

look for 寻找

lizard ['liz?:d] 蜥蝎

Unit 12 What are they doing?

1. What are they doing? => They are (doing)… 现在进行时 v. + ing

write → writing phone → phoning 打电话 paint → painting 画画 talk → talking 交谈

swim → swimming eat → eating

drink → drinking fly → flying 飞

kick → kicking 踢 sleep → sleeping

watch → watching

2. phone = (同义词) telephone n. 电话

v. 打电话

talk 谈话 about 谈论(内容,主题)

to 对??说

with 和??说

3. have fun = have a good time 过的开心,玩的愉快

play games ['ɡeims] 玩游戏

like (love) to do 偶尔喜欢

doing 习惯性的喜欢,爱好

love是like更深层次的喜欢

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e.g.: I love cakes. (加名词)

I like running. (加动词的ing形式)

I like eating cakes every day, but today I like to eat bread. 我每天都喜欢吃蛋糕,但我今天喜欢吃面包。

let's = let us 让我们

e.g.: Let's play soccer.

Let us talk.

close ['kl?us]

behind the big tree → (反) in front of

Unit 13 Can you do it?

1. can 能 (情态动词)

① + do (原形) : I can read English. 我能读英语。(动词原形) ② 变疑问句:(can提前):Can you read English?

③ 变否定句:can + not => can't:I can't read English.

④ 回答:Yes, I can. / No, I cant.

fish n. 鱼

v. 钓鱼 go fishing 去钓鱼

game 比赛,游戏 play a game / games

棋 play game 下棋

who 谁 当表示未知的人时,要把who当成“单三”形式。 Dragon 龙 Boat 舟 Festival 端午节

rice dumpling 粽子(用米饭包的饺子)

Can you walk like(象) me? 你能像我这样吗?

Yes, I can. / No, I can't.

like v. 喜欢

prep.(介词) 象 look like 看起来象

动词和介词后要用宾格。

fly v. ① fly a kite 放风筝

② fly to somewhere 飞往那里(搭乘飞机)

③ fly a plane 开飞机

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n. 苍蝇

great [ɡreit] adj. 好的,棒的

That's great! (口语)太棒了!

The Great Wall 长城

try [tr?i] v. 试看,努力去?? n. have a try 试试 try to do 试着去做?? try to answer my questions.

2. put on 穿上,戴上

① 穿上你的夹克衫。 (名词可中间,可后面。)

② 把它穿上。(代词只能放中间)

class

① 同学们(复数 = students)(集合名词永远是复数)

② 课堂,课程 an English class → (pl.复数) English classes ③ 班级 I'm in Class 4 Grade 2.

What class are you in? 你在几年班?

play

① the + 乐器 (前面必须加the)

② 球类运动 (前面不加the)

paper ['peip?]

① test paper 卷纸(可数名词)

② paper 纸张 (不可数名词)

③ a piece of paper 一张纸

Unit 14 Goats' family is at the beach.

1. goat [ɡ?ut] 山羊 → goats (??的) → goats' 山羊的

beach [bi:?] 海滨,海边 at / on the beach

一般现在时:I like swimming. 我喜欢游泳。

单三:he / she / it / 一个人名 / 一个物名

e.g.: She likes swimming.

特殊:have → has

like vi.(不及物动词) 后面应用动名词(v. + ing)或to do形式。

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※一般现在时的句子中,通常用动词的原形,当发出动作的人是

单三形式时(he / she / it / 一个人名 / 一个物名),要把对应的动作改成单三形式。

① 他每天7:00上学。 ② Lily经常看看电视。 Lily often watches TV.

have a good time 过的愉快,玩的开心

2. dig [diɡ] 挖

sand [s?nd] 沙子,沙滩

castle [kɑ:sl] 城堡

newspaper ['nju:speip?] 报纸

get up

then [een] 然后,那么

after class / school 下课/放学后

What do you do everyday?

I play everyday.

What does she do everyday?

She plays everyday.

3. She gets up at 6:00 every morning.

Does she get up at 6:00 every morning?

Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't.

does: 做(三单)(实义动词)

do: ① 做(原形)(实义动词)

②(助动词)

Does Jim often do his homework.

Unit 15 A birthday party.

1. birthday ['b?:θdei] 生日

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Happy birthday to him! (宾格)

Happy birthday to + n.(名词)

① When is your birthday? 你什么时候生日?

② What month is your birthday? 你的生日是哪月?

回答:① It's on(天)(加介词的答案是针对when来回答的) It's in(月)

② It's + 月(不用介词)

month [m?nθ] 月份

day → week → month → year

天 星期 月 年

month: January ['??nju?ri] 一月份

February ['febru?ri] 二月

March [mɑ:?] 三月 Long March 长征

April ['eipr?l] 四月

May [mei] 五月

June [?u:n] 六月

July [?u:'lɑi] 七月

August ['?:ɡ?st] 八月

September [s?p'temb?] 九月

October ['?kt?ub?] 十月

November [n?u'vemb?] 十一月

December [di'semb?] 十二月

注:① 首字母大写。

② 前无a / the。

③ in + 月份。

2. party ['pɑ:ti] n. 宴会 at the party 在宴会上

Party ['pɑ:ti] 党派

When is your birthday? It's in + 月份

It's on + 日

你生日的时候做什么?

→ eat(吃) a birthday cake / blow out(吹灭) candles(蜡烛) / sing

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happy birthday song(唱生日快乐歌) / open the presents ['prez?nt] 礼物(拆礼物) / make a wish [wi?](许愿)

① first [f?:st] 第一 (用时前面一定要加冠词the) e.g.: Miss Yang is the first. (first前加the)

② first 首先,起初 at first

③ wish n.

v. 希望?? wish for + n.

④ today [t?'dei] 今天 (前面无介词)

yesterday ['jest?dei] 昨天 (前面无介词)

tomorrow [t?'m?:r?u] 明天 (前面无介词)

⑤ really ['ri?li] 真的

⑥ What do you do at your birthday party? 在你生日宴会上你

做什么?

What do you do on your birthday? 在你生日那天你做什么?

3. 在:① on Saturday (某一天)

② at 4:00 (某一时刻)

③ in May (某一时段)

道别:① goodbye = bye-bye = bye

② see you… = see you later(tomorrow) = see you on…

Unit 16 What's your hobby?

1. hobby ['h?bi] 爱好

What's your hobby?

→ My hobby is + n.(名词). football

My hobby is + v.-ing(动词的ing形式).

→ I like to do

I like doing

Pardon? = Beg your pardon? = I beg your pardon?

go to the movies [mu:viz] 去看电影

2. ① be + 地点(无动作): The book is on the desk.

v. + 地点(在某地做某事):

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We are learning English in the classroom.

② in the tree 在树上 (后落到树上的,挂上的)

on the tree 在树上 (天然生长的)

③ 现在进行时:be doing

④ over there 在那里

⑤ 一般现在时:do(原形)

Does(单三)

⑥ cap (前边带沿)

hat (周围带沿)

3. need [ni:d] v. 需要 need…to do

I need a pen to write.

towel n. 毛巾

curly ['k?:li] 卷的

straight [streit] 直的

rainbow ['reinb?u] 彩虹

4. ① 我需要杯子喝水。 I need a cup to drink water.

② 我们正在教室里学英语。

We are learning English in the classroom.

③ 我每天7点上学。 I go to school at 7:00 everyday.

④ 我妈妈每天晚上9点上床睡觉。

My mother goes to bed at 9:00 every evening.

5. 时态:动作(不同的时间发生的不同的动作)

一、现在进行时:此时此刻正在发生的动作。

be + v.-ing (be + 动词的ing形式)

e.g.: Rita is singing. Rita正在唱歌。

二、一般现在时:目前一段时间内经常发生的动作。

do: I go to school at 7:00.

does: she goes to school at 7:00.

三、一般将来时:在未来可能要发生的动作(将要)(打算要)。 ① be going to(将要) do(动作原形)

We are going to play. 我们将要玩。

第 56 页 共 56 页 201312283.doc ② will do(动作原形)

We will play. 我们将要玩。 ※be going to: 主语做好准备。 will: 一种“将要”的趋向。

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