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精美英文春节习俗PPT

发布时间:2014-01-04 09:01:09  

Spring Festival
--------李祖培 戴昭宇 欧阳崇德 周洁

There is a Chinese ancient times called the "years" of the monster, the first long tentacles, unusually ferocious. "Year" for many years hiding the sea, only to climb up every New Year's Eve shore, devouring livestock harm human life. Therefore, every New Year's Eve that day, the village young people Walled villages fled to the mountains, to escape the "year" animal damage.

Spring Festival
? The Chinese New Year is traditional festival that China is rich with most the special features.It symbolizes the lunar calendar for old year to end. New year has already start.The people will take leave cold monotonous of winter, greet the organic full of life spring.

Customs
过年 celebrate the spring festival 春联 spring festival couplets 年画 new year paintings 灯笼 lantern 烟花 爆竹 fireworks firecrackers 拜年pay new year’s call /give new year’s greetings
年夜饭 the dinner on New Year's Eve 吃饺子:eat dumplings; eat stuffed dumplings 团圆饭 family reunion dinner 年画New year picture 祭灶:Honouring the Kichen God

?Dumpling

Eating “jiaozi” (吃饺子) On New Year’s Eve, the whole family will sit together to make jiaozi and celebrate the Spring Festival. The shape of jiaozi is like gold ingot from ancient China. So people eat them and wish for money and treasure. The tradition of having jiaozi is very important during the Spring Festival. You cannot have a complete Spring Festival without having jiaozi.

Chinese dumplings are not only delicious but also easy to make. First, make the filling. 首先做馅 Second, make the dough. 其次,做 Finally ,make the dumplings 最后 包饺子 Once the dumplings are finished ,boil them in boiling water until they are cooked . 包完饺 子放在沸水里煮。 That's all.

Some kinds of dumplings

南方

北方

Family reunion dinner

New Year paintings
年画

年画New year picture

Pasting Paper-cuts and “Up-sided Fu”(贴窗花和“福”字
Paper-cuts, usually with lucky patterns, give a happy and prosperous atmosphere of the Festival and express the good wishes of Chinese people looking forward to a good life. In addition to pasting paper-cuts on windows, it is common for Chinese to paste the character “fu(福)”, big or small, on walls or doors. “Fu” shows people’s yearning(向往) toward a good life. Some people even invert (倒置)the character “fu” to mean that blessing has arrived because “inverted(倒转的)” is a homonym(同音) for “arrive” in Chinese.

祭灶:Honouring the Kichen God

Pasting/putting up Spring Couplets(贴春联)
On the eve of the Spring Festival, every household will paste on doors a spring couplet written on red paper to give a happy and prosperous(繁荣的) atmosphere of the Festival.

贴春联 Pasting Spring Couplets
“The Spring Couplet”, also called “couplet” and “a pair of antithetical phrases”, is a spe

cial form of literature in China. The Spring Couplet is composed of two antithetical sentences on both sides of the door and a horizontal scroll bearing an inscription, usually an auspicious phrase, above the gate. ? “春联”也被称为和“对联”对立的一对短语,在中 国是一种特殊的文学形式。春联是由贴在门口两侧两 组对立的句子组成,在门上面的横批通常是一个吉祥 的短语。 ?

贴春联:paste Spring Festival couplets;

Customs
? 守岁:watch night/stay up late on New Year's Eve ? 逛灯会:join the Lantern Festival ? 猜灯谜:guess Lantern riddles ? 吃汤圆:eat rice dumplings ? 放鞭炮:to set off firecrackers; to shoot off firecrackers ? 中国结Chinese Knotting

paper-cuts
剪纸

lantern
灯笼

放鞭炮:to set off firecrackers; to shoot off firecrackers

red envelope 红包
? On the first day of the Chinese lunar year, ? everybody puts on their best clothes and pays formal calls on their relatives and friends, wishing them all the luck in the coming year. Juniors will greet seniors, wishing them health and longevity(长寿), while seniors will give juniors some gift money as a wish for their safety in the coming year. When friends meet, they will wish each other happiness and prosperity with a big smile.

Chinese Knotting
中国结

看春节联欢晚会 The CCTV New Year's Gala
The New Year’s Gala is a variety show held by China Central Television (CCTV) since 1983. For every year at the turn of the Lunar New Year, the program begins at 8:00PM and lasts five or six hours. It brings laughter to billions of people and creates many popular words. For over twenty years, its value has gone far beyond a variety show. It is essential entertainment for the Chinese both at home and abroad. Many Chinese would like to watch the gala while having the dinner on New Year’s Eve.

Staying Up Late on New Year's Eve(守岁) The tradition of staying up late to see New Year is originated from an interesting folk tale. In ancient China there lived a monster named Year, who was very terrible. Year always went out from its burrow(洞穴) on New Year’s Eve to eat people. Therefore, on every New Year’s Eve, every household would have supper together. After dinner, no one dared go to sleep and all the family members would sit together, chatting and emboldening(壮胆) each other. Gradually the habit of staying up late on New Year’s Eve is formed. Thus in China, “celebrating the Spring Festival” is also called “passing over the year (guo nian)”.

Thank you
谢谢


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