haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 幼儿教育 > 少儿英语少儿英语

英语音标发音表及发音规则 xunlian

发布时间:2014-01-05 12:02:27  

1、英语音标发音表

英语国际音标共48个音素,其中元音音素20个,辅音音素28个。对于初学者来说,若采用集中教学,要学会48个音素的发音并区别开。确实不易。笔者对音标的教学采用了相对集中的方法,即从字母名称教学过渡到部分音标教学。

国际音标(英语语音)元音单元音前元音[i:][i][e][?] 中元音[?][?:][?]

后元音[u:][u][?:][?][a:]双元音开合双元音[ei][ai][?

i][?u][au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音

[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半

元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

元音单元音前元音[i:][i][e][?] 中元音[?][?:][?] 后元音

[u:][u][?:][?][a:]双元音开合双元音[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音

[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音

[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)

[w][j]

元音单元音前元音[i:][i][e][?] 中元音[?][?:][?] 后元音

[u:][u][?:][?][a:]双元音开合双元音[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音

[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音

[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)

[w][j]

单元音前元音[i:][i][e][?] 中元音[?][?:][?] 后元音

[u:][u][?:][?][a:]双元音开合双元音[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音

[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音

[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)

[w][j]

前元音[i:][i][e][?] 中元音[?][?:][?] 后元音

[u:][u][?:][?][a:]双元音开合双元音[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音

[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音

[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)

[w][j]

[i:][i][e][?] 中元音[?][?:][?] 后元音

[u:][u][?:][?][a:]双元音开合双元音[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音

[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音

[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] ?? PAGE ??2??1??

破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)

[w][j]

[i][e][?] 中元音[?][?:][?] 后元音[u:][u][?:][?][a:]双元音开合双元音[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音

爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音

[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音

[e][?] 中元音[?][?:][?] 后元音[u:][u][?:][?][a:]双元音

[?] 中元音[?][?:][?] 后元音[u:][u][?:][?][a:]双元音开合双元音[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音 中元音[?][?:][?] 后元音[u:][u][?:][?][a:]双元音开合双元音[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅

音[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音

[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音中元音[?][?:][?] 后元音[u:][u][?:][?][a:]双元音开合双元音

[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音

[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音

[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音中元音[?][?:][?] 后元音[u:][u][?:][?][a:]双元音开合双元音

[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音

[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音

[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音中元音[?][?:][?] 后元音[u:][u][?:][?][a:]双元音开合双元音

[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音

[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音

[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音中元音[?][?:][?] 后元音[u:][u][?:][?][a:]双元音开合双元音

[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音

[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音

[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音

[?][?:][?] 后元音[u:][u][?:][?][a:]双元音开合双元音

[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音

[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音

[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音

[?:][?] 后元音[u:][u][?:][?][a:]双元音开合双元音[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音

[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半

元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

?? PAGE ??2??2??

[?] 后元音[u:][u][?:][?][a:]双元音开合双元音[ei][ai][?

i][?u][au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音

[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半

元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

后元音[u:][u][?:][?][a:]双元音开合双元音[ei][ai][?

i][?u][au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音

[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半

元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

后元音[u:][u][?:][?][a:]双元音开合双元音[ei][ai][?

i][?u][au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音

[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半

元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

后元音[u:][u][?:][?][a:]双元音开合双元音[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]

后元音[u:][u][?:][?][a:]双元音开合双元音[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音

[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)

[w][j]

后元音[u:][u][?:][?][a:]双元音开合双元音[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音

[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)

[w][j]

后元音[u:][u][?:][?][a:]双元音开合双元音[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中

双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音

[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)

[w][j]

[u:][u][?:][?][a:]双元音开合双元音[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音

[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音

[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)

[w][j]

[u][?:][?][a:]双元音开合双元音[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音

[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音

[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅 ?? PAGE ??2??3??

舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)

[w][j]

[?:][?][a:]双元音开合双元音[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g]

[?][a:]双元音开合双元音[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g]

[a:]双元音开合双元音[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清

辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t

?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j] 双元音开合双元音[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 双元音开合双元音[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?]

双元音开合双元音[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音

[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音开合双元音[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破

音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音

[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音

[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音

[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音

[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音

[ai][?i][?u][au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音

[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音

[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音

[?i][?u][au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音

[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音

[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音

[?u][au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k]

浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音

[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半

元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

[au]集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k]

集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅

音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音

[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半

元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音

[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] ?? PAGE ??2??4??

舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)

[w][j]

集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音

[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)

[w][j]

集中双元音[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音

[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)

[w][j]

[i?][ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)

[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

[ε?][u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音

[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

[u?] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅

音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t

?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j] 辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音

[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音辅音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音

[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音爆破音清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音

[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音

清辅音[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音

[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音

[p][t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音

[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音

[t][k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]音)[m][n][?] ?? PAGE ??2??5??

[k] 浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅

音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d

?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r]

半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音

[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半

元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音

[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半

元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音

[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半

元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音

[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半

元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音

[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半

元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

浊辅音[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音

[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半

元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

[b][d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)

[w][j]

[d][g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e]

[g] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)

[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅

音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)

[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音

[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j] ?? PAGE ??2??6??

摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音

[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j] 摩擦音清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j] 清辅音[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t

?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

[f][s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音

[s][?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts]

浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊

辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

[?][θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts]

[θ][h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)

[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

[h]浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r]

半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d

?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r]

半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d

?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r]

半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d

?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r]

半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

浊辅音[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d

?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r]

半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

[v][z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半

元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

[z][?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音

(浊辅音)[w][j]

[?][e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz]

[e] 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音 破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)

[w][j]

破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)

[w][j]

?? PAGE ??2??7??

破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)

[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

破擦音清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)

[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

清辅音[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)

[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

[t?][tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?]

舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

[tr][ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?]

舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

[ts] 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?]

浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音 浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊

辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅

音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅

音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)

[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

浊辅音[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)

[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

[d?][dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r]

半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

[dr][dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r]

半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

[dz] 鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r]

半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r]

鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元

音(浊辅音)[w][j]

鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音鼻音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅

音)[w][j]

[m][n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

[n][?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

[?] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j] 舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j] ?? PAGE ??2??8??

舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

舌则音(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

(浊辅音)[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

[l][r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

[r] 半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

半元音(浊辅音)[w][j]

(浊辅音)[w][j]

[w][j]

[j]

英语语音名词解释:

1.音节 以元音为主体构成的发音单位,一般说来元音发音响亮,可以构成音节,辅音发音不响亮,不能单独构成音节([m] [n] [ ] [l]例外)。从单词拼写形式上看,有几个元字组就有几个音节。

2.音节的划分 ①在重读音节和非重读音节的相邻处有两个辅字组时,一个辅字组属于前面的音节,一个属于后面的音节。

例如:let-ter mem-ber chil-dren daugh-ter

②在重读和非重读音节的相邻处只有一个辅字组时,如果前面重读音节里的元音是长音则辅字组属于后面一个音节,如果重读音节里的元音是短音,则辅字组属于重读音节。

例如:长音 pa-per stu-dent fa-ther ze-ro mo-tor far-ther

短音 sev-en stud-y moth-er ver-y mod-le weath-er 0-02

?? PAGE ??2??9??

3.重读音节 单词中读音特别响亮的音节。用音标标记双音节、多音节词的读音时,应使用重读符号。单音节词多数是重读音节,标记读音时不需要使用重读符号。

4.开音节 ①绝对开音节:单个元音字母后面没有辅字组的重读音节。例如:no blue ba-by stu-dent se-cret

②相对开音节:单个元音字母后面加单个辅音字母,再加一个不发音字母e构成的重读音节。例如:name these bike home ex cuse

五个元音字母在开音节中发长音 [e ] [i:] [a ] [ u] [ju:]

5.闭音节 单个元音字母后面有辅字组(r w y 除外)且以辅字组结尾的重读音节。例如:bag egg fish not cup 五个元音字母在闭音节中发短音 [ ] [e] [ ] [ ] [ ] 0-05

6.双音节词重读规则 双音节词的第一个音节通常是重读音节。

例如: stu-dent Chi-na sec-ond au-tumn

含有a- be- de- re- in- ex- 等前缀的双音节词往往是在第二个音节上重读。双音节词的重读位置不会因增加前缀或后缀而发生改变。例如:

a bout be fore ex cuse re pair for get-ful in ven-tor 0-06

7.多音节词重读规则 多音节词通常在倒数第三个音节重读。

例如: el-e-phant con-grat-u la-tion

词尾有-ic 或-tion,-sion 的词,在-ic或-sion,-tion前的一个音节上重读。例如:scien tific im pression nation

48个国际音标的发音—元音:

[i:] 嘴唇微微张开,舌尖抵下齿,嘴角向两边张开,露出微笑的表情,与字母E的发音相同。

[i] 嘴唇微微张开,舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,嘴形扁平。

[?:] 嘴形扁平,上下齿微开,舍身平放,舌中部稍稍抬高。

[?] 嘴唇微微张开,舌身放平,舌中部微微抬起,口腔自然放松发声。

[?:] 双唇收得小而圆,并向前突出,舌身往后缩。

[?] 口腔打开,嘴张大,舌头向后缩,双唇稍收圆。

[u:] 嘴形小而圆,微微外突,舌头尽量后缩。

?? PAGE ??2??10??

[u] 嘴唇张开略向前突出,嘴形稍收圆并放松些,舌头后缩。

[ɑ:] 口腔打开,嘴张大,舌身放平,舌尖不抵下齿,下巴放低,放松发音。

[?] 嘴唇微微张开,伸向两边,舌尖轻触下齿,舌后部稍稍抬起。

[?] 嘴张大,嘴角尽量拉向两边,成扁平形,舌尖抵下齿。

[e] 嘴形扁平,舌尖抵下齿,舌前部稍抬起。

[ei] 由[e]和[i]两个单音组成,[e]重读,[i]轻读,口形由半开到合,字母A就发这个音。

[ai] 由[a]和[i]两个单音组成,[a]重读,[i]轻读,口形由开到合,与字母I的发音相同。

[?i] 由[?]和[i]两个单音组成,[?]重读,[i]轻读,口形由圆到扁,由开到合。

[au] 由[a]和[u]两个单音组成,[a]重读,[u]轻读,口型由大到小。

[?u] 由[?]和[u]两个单音组成,[?]重读,[u]轻读,口形由半开到小,与字母O的发音相同。

[i?] 由[i]和[?]两个单音组成,[i]重读,[?]轻读,双唇始终半开。

[e?] 由[e]和[?]两个单音组成,[e]重读,[?]轻读,舌端抵下齿,双唇半开。

[u?] 由[u]和[?]两个单音组成,[u]重读,[?]轻读,双唇由收圆到半开。

48个国际音标的发音—辅音:

[p]双唇紧闭,然后快速张开,让气流冲出口腔,发出爆破音,但声带不振动。

[b]双唇紧闭,然后快速张开,让气流冲出口腔,发出爆破音,但声带需振动。

[t]舌尖抵上齿龈,憋住气,然后突然弹开舌尖,让气流从口腔喷出,但声带不振动。

[d]舌尖抵上齿龈,憋住气,然后弹开舌尖,让气流从口腔中喷出,但声带需振动。

[k]舌后部抵住软腭,憋住气,然后突然间离开,将气送出来,想咳嗽一样,但声带不震动。

[ɡ]舌后部抵住软腭,憋住气,然后突然间离开,将气送出来,但声带需振动。

[s]双唇微微张开,舌头自然放松,气流从上下齿隙间送出,但声带不振动。

[z]双唇微微张开,舌头自然放松,气流从上下齿隙间送出,但声带需振动。

[?]双唇收圆并稍微突出,舌尖接近上齿龈,送气,声带不振动。

[?]双唇收圆并稍微突出,舌头稍微上卷,舌尖接近上齿龈,送气,但声带需振动。

[t?]双唇略微张开突出,舌尖抵住上齿龈,用力吐气,声带不振动。

[d?]双唇略微张开突出,舌尖抵住上齿龈,用力吐气,但声带需振动。

?? PAGE ??2??11??

[f]上齿轻轻接触下唇,然后吹气,让气流从唇齿间通过,形成摩擦,但声带不振动。

[v]上齿轻轻接触下唇,然后吹气,让气流从唇齿间通过,形成摩擦,但声带需振动。

[θ]舌尖微微伸出,上下齿轻轻咬住舌尖,送气,但声带不振动。

[e]上下齿轻轻咬住舌尖,送气,但声带需振动。

[ts]舌尖先抵住上齿,堵住气流,使气流从舌尖和齿龈间送出,声带不振动。

[dz]舌尖先抵住上齿,堵住气流,使气流从舌尖和齿龈间送出。

[tr]双唇收圆向前突出,舌尖上翘抵住上齿龈,采取伐[r]的姿势,声带不振动。

[dr]双唇收圆向前突出,舌尖上翘抵住上齿龈,采取伐[r]的姿势,但声带振动。

[h]嘴唇自然张开,自然呵气,声带不振动。

[r]舌尖向上卷起,舌头不要接触任何部位,双唇稍微突出,声带振动。

[l]舌尖抵住上齿龈,舌尖轻微用力弯曲,气流从舌的旁边送出。

—鼻音

[m]双唇紧闭,舌头平放,气流从鼻腔送出,声带振动。

[n]双唇微开,舌尖抵上齿龈,气流从鼻孔里出来,声带振动。

[?]双唇张开,舌尖抵上齿龈,气流从鼻腔送出,声带振动。

—辅音

[w]双唇缩小并向前突出,舌后部抬起,嘴慢慢向两边滑开。

[j]嘴形成微笑状,舌尖抵住下齿,舌面贴住上颚,声带需振动。

48个英语国际音标发音规则

“英语里一共有48个音素,其中20个是元音,28个是辅音。元音又可分为单元音(12个)和双元音(8个)。先讲解12个单元音,这12个单元音又可以分为:

一、前元音[i:][i][e][?]

所谓前元音是指发音时要使用舌前部,也就是说舌前部要向硬腭抬起,舌尖要抵住下齿,口形扁平,不要收圆。四个前元音中发[i:]的时候舌前部抬得最高,牙床近乎全合。发[i]的时候舌前部比[i:]稍低,牙床也开得稍大一些。上下齿之间的距离大约可以容纳一个小指尖。发第三个前元音[e]的时候舌前部比[i]又要第一些,牙床也开得更大一些。上下齿之间的距离大约相当于一个食指尖。发第四个前元音[?]的时候舌前部最低,牙床开得最大。上下齿之间的距离大约 ?? PAGE ??2??12??

相当于一个食指加中指。

二、后元音[ɑ:] [?] [?:] [u] [u:]

所谓后元音是指发音时要使用舌的后部,也就是说舌后部要向软腭抬起。发后元音时舌尖可以不抵下齿。除了后元音[ɑ:]要用中常唇外,其它四个音都要用圆唇,发音时嘴要拢圆。个别的音如[u] [u:]嘴唇还要向前突出。其次,要注意后元音的舌位。五个后元音中[ɑ:]的舌位最低,开口最大。[?]的舌位比[ɑ:]稍高,开口度比[ɑ:]稍小。[?:]的舌位比[?]又要更高一些,开口度比[?]再小一些。[u]的舌位比[?:]又要高一些,开口度再小一些。[u:]的舌位最高,开口最小。

三、中元音[?:] [?] [?]

所谓中元音是指发音时要使用舌的中部,也就是说舌的中部要稍稍抬起,舌尖可以轻抵下齿,口形扁平或中常。[?:]的舌位最高,[?]的舌位最低,[?]的舌位介乎两者之间,比[?:]稍低,比[?]稍高。

上面提到了12个单元音。英语里还有8个双元音。这8个双元音又可分成两类,合口双元音和集中双元音,下面分别讲解。

一、合口双元音[ei][ai][?i][?u][au]

所谓“合口双元音”是指两个元音中的第二个元音都是一个合口元音[i]或[u]。发双元音时要注意从第一个元音向第二个元音滑动。在滑动过程中,口形、舌位都有明显的变化。另外,还要注意双元音的下面几个特点:1、前长后短(前音长后音短)。2、前重后轻(前音发得重,后音发得轻)。3、前音清楚,后音模糊。

二、集中双元音

所谓集中双元音是指两个元音中的第二个元音都是中元音[?]。发音时要注意第一个元音向第二个元音滑动时的口形和舌位的变化。比如发[i?]时舌位由前元音[i]向中元音[?]的滑动。口形由半合的扁唇变为稍高于半开的扁唇。发[??]时由相当于前元音[?]的舌位向中元音[?]滑动,口形由半开的中常唇变为稍高于半开的扁唇。发[u?]时由后元音[u]向中元音[?]的滑动,口形由半合的圆唇变为稍高于半开的扁唇。

张冠林教授说:上面简单地讲解了英语里的20个元音。英语里的28个辅音,按照不同的发音方法又可以把它们分为六类。

一、爆破音

爆破音一共有六个,根据发音时声带是否振动可以分为清辅音和浊辅音两种。清辅音有三个:

[p,t,k];浊辅音也有三个:[b,d,g]。这样,六个爆破音就可以归纳为清、浊相对应的三对。第一对是:[p,b],第二对是:[t,d],第三对时[k,g]。

二、摩擦音

?? PAGE ??2??13??

摩擦音一共有十个。其中八个音又可以分为清、浊音相对应的四对。第一对是唇齿摩擦音

[f,v]。发音时下唇轻触上齿,气流通过时摩擦成音,[f]是清辅音,[v]是浊辅音。第二对是舌齿摩擦音[θ,e]。发音时舌尖要轻触上齿边缘。[θ]是清辅音,[e]是浊辅音。第三对是舌端齿龈摩擦音[s,z]。发音时舌端靠近(上)齿龈,气流通过时摩擦成音。[s]是清辅音,[z]是浊辅音。第四对是舌端齿龈后部摩擦辅音[?,?]。发音时舌端向齿龈后部靠近,气流通过时摩擦成音。[?]是清辅音,[?]是浊辅音。第九个音是声门摩擦辅音[h]。第十个音是舌尖齿龈后部摩擦辅音[r]。发这个音时舌尖要卷起来,靠近齿龈后部。这个音的本音是[r]。为了发音清楚,拼音方便,后面也可以加上一个元音,念成[r?]。

三、破擦音

破擦音共有六个:[?,?],[tr,dr],[ts,dz]。破擦音由两个成分组成:开头是爆破音,结尾是摩擦音。六个破擦音也可以分成清、浊相对应的三对。第一对是[?,?]。在[?,?]中的第一个成分,即爆破音[t,d]由于受了后面摩擦音[?,?]的影响,发音时舌位靠后,在齿龈较后部分发音。这一点也适用于第二对破擦音[tr,dr]。这里,[t,d]由于受了后面摩擦音[r]的影响舌位也要靠后,实际发音很像破擦音[?,?],后面再加上[r],分别念成[tr,dr]。第三对破擦音[ts,dz]中的清辅音[ts]很像汉语普通话里的 c(雌、雄的“雌”),加上声带振动就能发出浊辅音[dz]。

四、鼻辅音

英语里有三个鼻辅音,即[m][n][?]。发鼻音时,由于口腔通道被堵住,声音只能从鼻子里出来。发第一个鼻辅音[m]时双唇闭拢;发第二个鼻辅音[n],(不闭嘴)舌尖要贴住上齿龈;发第三个鼻辅音[?],(不闭嘴)舌后部要抬起来,贴住软腭。

五、舌边音

英语里的舌边音有两种发音方法。1)出现在元音之前叫作清晰舌边音,它的发音是[l?];2)出现在辅音及单词末尾时叫作模糊舌边音,它的发音是[l]。发这个音时可以先摆好发后元音[u]的舌位,然后把舌端贴住上齿龈。这样发出来的音就是[l]。

六、半元音

半元音[w][j]的舌位和元音[u:][i:]相似,但半元音的发音方法和元音不同。元音可以单独成音,可以延长。半元音则不能单独成音,不可延长,必须很快滑向它后面的元音,和元音拼合在一起发音。由于这一特点也有人把半元音[w][j]称为“滑音”。

弃我去者,昨日之日不可留

乱我心者,今日之日多烦忧

48个国际音标表

音12个单元音长元音[i:][ INCLUDEPICTURE ?? PAGE ??2??14??

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/32.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/05.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u:][a:] 短元音[i][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/01.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][e][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/11.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 8个双元音[ai][ei][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

12个单元音长元音[i:][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/32.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/05.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u:][a:] 短元音[i][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/01.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][e][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/11.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 8个双元音[ai][ei][ INCLUDEPICTURE

?? PAGE ??2??15??

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

长元音[i:][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/32.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/05.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u:][a:] 短元音[i][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/01.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][e][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/11.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 8个双元音[ai][ei][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

[i:][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/32.gif" \* ?? PAGE ??2??16??

MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/05.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u:][a:] 短元音[i][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/01.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][e][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/11.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 8个双元音[ai][ei][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

[ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/32.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/05.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u:][a:] 短元音[i][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/01.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][e][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/11.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 8个双元音[ai][ei][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* ?? PAGE ??2??17??

MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

[ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/05.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u:][a:] 短元音[i][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/01.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][e][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/11.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 8个双元音[ai][ei][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

[u:][a:] 短元音[i][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u][ INCLUDEPICTURE ?? PAGE ??2??18??

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/01.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][e][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/11.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 8个双元音[ai][ei][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

[a:] 短元音[i][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/01.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][e][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/11.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 8个双元音[ai][ei][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

短元音[i][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* ?? PAGE ??2??19??

MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/01.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][e][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/11.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 8个双元音[ai][ei][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

短元音[i][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/01.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][e][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/11.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 8个双元音[ai][ei][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE ?? PAGE ??2??20??

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

短元音[i][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/01.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][e][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/11.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 8个双元音[ai][ei][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

短元音[i][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/01.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][e][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/11.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 8个双元音[ai][ei][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* ?? PAGE ??2??21??

MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

短元音[i][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/01.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][e][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/11.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 8个双元音[ai][ei][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

[i][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/01.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][e][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/11.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 8个双元音[ai][ei][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE ?? PAGE ??2??22??

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

[ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/01.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][e][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/11.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 8个双元音[ai][ei][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

[ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/01.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][e][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/11.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 8个双元音[ai][ei][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* ?? PAGE ??2??23??

MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

[u][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/01.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][e][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/11.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 8个双元音[ai][ei][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

[ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/01.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][e][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/11.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 8个双元音[ai][ei][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE ?? PAGE ??2??24??

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

[e][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/11.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 8个双元音[ai][ei][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

[ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/11.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 8个双元音[ai][ei][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

8个双元音[ai][ei][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE ?? PAGE ??2??25??

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

8个双元音[ai][ei][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

8个双元音[ai][ei][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

8个双元音[ai][ei][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE ?? PAGE ??2??26??

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

[ai][ei][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

[ei][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

[ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i][i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE ?? PAGE ??2??27??

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

[i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

[ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

[ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

[u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][au] 辅

[au] 辅

音10对清辅音[p][t][k][f][s][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/16.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ ∫ ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/35.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][tr][ts]浊辅音 ?? PAGE ??2??28??

[b][d][g][v][z][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][dr][dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

10对清辅音[p][t][k][f][s][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/16.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ ∫ ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/35.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][tr][ts]浊辅音

[b][d][g][v][z][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][dr][dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

清辅音[p][t][k][f][s][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/16.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ ∫ ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/35.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][tr][ts]浊辅音

[b][d][g][v][z][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][dr][dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ ?? PAGE ??2??29??

INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[p][t][k][f][s][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/16.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ ∫ ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/35.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][tr][ts]浊辅音

[b][d][g][v][z][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][dr][dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[t][k][f][s][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/16.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ ∫ ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/35.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][tr][ts]浊辅音

[b][d][g][v][z][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][dr][dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[k][f][s][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/16.gif" \* ?? PAGE ??2??30??

MERGEFORMATINET ][ ∫ ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/35.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][tr][ts]浊辅音

[b][d][g][v][z][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][dr][dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[f][s][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/16.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ ∫ ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/35.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][tr][ts]浊辅音

[b][d][g][v][z][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][dr][dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[s][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/16.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ ∫ ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/35.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][tr][ts]浊辅音

[b][d][g][v][z][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* ?? PAGE ??2??31??

MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][dr][dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/16.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ ∫ ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/35.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][tr][ts]浊辅音

[b][d][g][v][z][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][dr][dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[ ∫ ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/35.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][tr][ts]浊辅音

[b][d][g][v][z][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][dr][dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[ INCLUDEPICTURE ?? PAGE ??2??32??

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/35.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][tr][ts]浊辅音

[b][d][g][v][z][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][dr][dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[tr][ts]浊辅音[b][d][g][v][z][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][dr][dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[ts]浊辅音[b][d][g][v][z][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][dr][dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

浊辅音[b][d][g][v][z][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE ?? PAGE ??2??33??

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][dr][dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

浊辅音[b][d][g][v][z][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][dr][dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

浊辅音[b][d][g][v][z][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][dr][dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

浊辅音[b][d][g][v][z][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][dr][dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE

?? PAGE ??2??34??

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[b][d][g][v][z][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][dr][dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[d][g][v][z][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][dr][dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[g][v][z][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][dr][dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[v][z][ INCLUDEPICTURE ?? PAGE ??2??35??

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][dr][dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[z][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][dr][dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][dr][dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][dr][dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE

?? PAGE ??2??36??

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ][dr][dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[dr][dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[dz]3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

3个鼻音[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[m][n][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵 ?? PAGE ??2??37??

上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[n][ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] 3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

3个似拼音[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[h][r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[r][l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[l] 2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

2个半元音[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[w][j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

[j] /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

/i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。

/i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。 /i/--发音要领的是:舌尖抵下齿,舌前部抬高,舌两侧抵上齿两侧,口形偏平。 ?? PAGE ??2??38??

/i:/--发音要领是发音时舌尖抵下齿,前舌尽量抬高、舌位高于/i/:口形扁平。 /e/--发音时舌尖抵下齿,舌前部稍抬起,舌位比/i:/低;唇形中常,开口度比/i:/大。

/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/01.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /--发音时舌尖抵下齿;舌前部稍抬高,舌位比/e/更低;双唇平伸,成扁平形。

/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/02.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /--/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/02.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /是长元音。发音时口张大,舌身压低并后缩,后舌稍隆起,舌尖不抵下齿。双唇稍收圆。

/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /--发音时口张大,舌身尽量降低并后缩,双唇稍稍收圆。 / INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/05.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /--它是长元音。发音时舌后部抬得比/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /即美式/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/03.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /美式/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/06.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /高,双唇收得更圆更小,并向前突出。

/u/--发音时舌后部抬起,舌身后缩,舌尖离开下齿。双唇收圆,稍突出。

/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/14.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /--发音时舌后部尽量抬起,舌位比/u/即美式读音/ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/09.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /英式读音/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/09.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /高。双唇收圆并突出。口形比/u// INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/09.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET // INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/09.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /稍小。

/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/11.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /--发音时舌尖和舌端两侧轻触下齿,舌后部靠前部分稍抬 ?? PAGE ??2??39??

起,唇形稍扁,开口度较大,与/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/01.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /相似。

/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/32.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /--/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/32.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /是长元音。发音时舌中部比发/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /音时略高。双唇扁平。

/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /--/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /是读短元音。发音时舌身平放,舌中部略隆起,双唇扁平。 /ei/--先发/e/音,然后滑向/i/音。双唇稍扁,口形从半开到合。

/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /--它由元音/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /滑向后元音/u/即美音和英音的/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/09.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /,舌位由半低到高,口形由半开到小。注意将音发足。 /ai/--/ai/为双元音。先发/a/音,然后滑向/i/音。舌尖抵住下齿。发此音的关键是要把/a/音发足,注意从开到合的滑动。

/au/--/au/或/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/30.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /由/a/滑向/u// INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/09.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /。舌位由低到高,口形由大到小。注意将音发足。

/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET i/--发音时双唇从圆到扁,口形从开到合。发好这个音的关键是首先要把后元音/a// INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/06.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET // INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /发足,然后滑向/i/音。

/i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /--其发音要领是从/i/音滑向/ INCLUDEPICTURE ?? PAGE ??2??40??

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /音,美音则滑向/r/音。前面的/i/发得较清楚,后面的/ INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /或/r/较弱。双唇始终半开。此音一定要发足。

/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /--其发音方法是从/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET //e/音滑向/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /音。发间时舌端抵下齿,前舌略抬起,双唇半开,此音中的/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /有似于/e/音,/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /音较轻。

/u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /--发音时,嘴唇从收圆到半开。发好这个音的关键是首先要把/u// INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/09.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /音发足,然后滑向/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /音。

/p/ /b/--/p/是p的发音,/b/是b的发音。双唇爆破辅音。发音时双唇紧闭,憋住气,然后突灰分开,气流冲出口腔,发出爆破音。/p/是清辅音,声带不振动;/b/是浊辅音,声带振动。

/t/ /d/--/t/是t的发音,/d/是d的发音。舌齿爆破辅音。发音时舌尖抵上齿龈,憋住气,然后突然分开,使气流冲出口腔,发出爆破音。/t/是清辅音,声带不振动;/d/是浊辅音,声带振动。

/k/ / INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/20.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /--/k/是字母k和字母c的发音,/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/20.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /是字母g的读音。舌后软颚爆破辅音。发音时舌后部隆起紧贴软颚,憋住气,然后突然分开,气流送出口腔,形成爆破音。/k/是清辅音,声带不振动;/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/20.gif" \* ?? PAGE ??2??41??

MERGEFORMATINET /是浊辅音,声带振动。

/f/ /v/--/f/是f和ph的发音,/v/是v的发音。唇齿摩擦辅音。发音时下唇轻触上齿,气流由唇齿间通过,形成摩擦音。/f/是清辅音,声带不振动;/v/是浊辅音,声带振动。

/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/16.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET / / INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /--/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/16.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET // INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /是th的发音。舌齿摩擦辅音。发音时舌尖轻触上齿背,气流由舌齿间送出,形成摩擦音。/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/16.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /是清辅音,声带不振动;/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /是浊辅音,声带振动。

/s/ /z/--/s//z/是s的发音,/z/又是z的发音。舌齿摩擦辅音。发音时舌端靠近齿龈,气流由舌端齿龈间送出,形成摩擦音。/s/是清辅音,声带不振动;/z/是浊浦音,声带振动。

/∫/ / INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /--/∫/是sh的发音,/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /是s的发音。舌端齿龈后部摩擦辅音。发音时舌端靠近齿龈后部,舌身抬起靠近上鄂,双唇稍收圆并略突出。气流通过时形成摩擦音。/∫/是清辅音,声带不振动;/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/15.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /是浊辅音,声带振动。

/h/--/h/是字母h的发音。声门摩擦辅音。发音时气流送出口腔,在通过声门时发出轻微摩擦;口形随其后的元音而变化。/h/是清辅音,声带不振动。

/m/--/m/是m的发音。双唇鼻辅音。发音时软颚下垂,双唇紧闭,气流从鼻腔送出。 /n/--/n/是n的发音。舌尖齿龈鼻辅音。发音时舌尖抵上齿龈,软颚下垂,气流从鼻腔送出。

/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /--/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /是ng的发音。舌后软颚鼻辅音。发音时软颚下垂,堵住口腔通道,气流从鼻腔送出。声带振动。

?? PAGE ??2??42??

/w/--/w/是w的发音。舌后软颚半元音。发音时舌后部向软颚抬起,舌位高。双唇收小并向前突出,声带振动。发音短促,立刻滑向其后的元音。

/l/--/l/是l的发音。舌端齿龈边辅音。发音时舌尖及舌端紧贴上齿龈,舌前向硬颚抬起,气流从舌的旁边送出。当此音为尾音时,将舌端抵住上齿龈,舌前下限,舌后上抬,舌面形成凹形。浊辅音、声带振动。

/r/--/r/是r的发音。舌尖齿龈(后部)摩擦辅音。发音时舌尖卷起,靠近上齿龈后部。舌两侧稍收扰。双唇略突出。气流通过舌尖和齿龈形成轻微摩擦。浊辅音,声带振动。

/j/--/j/传统的国际音标的读音符号 该音是国音字母y在词首的读音,是舌前硬颚半元音。发音时舌前部向硬颚尽量抬起,舌位较高,双唇伸展成扁平状。它是个浊辅音,声带振动。

/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/35.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /--/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/35.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /是ch的发音,/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /是dge的发音。舌端齿龈破擦辅音。发音时舌身抬高,舌端抵上齿龈后部,气流通过时发出破擦音。/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/35.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /是清辅音,声带不振动;/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET /是浊辅音,声带振动。

/ts/ /dz/传统的国际音标读音符号,新课本中美式、英式读音都没将其包括在内,破擦音/ts/、/dz/分别是字母组合ts和ds的读音。舌端齿龈破擦辅音。舌端先贴住齿龈,堵住气流,然后略下降,气流送出口腔。/ts/是清辅音,/dz/是浊辅音。 /tr/ /dr/传统的国际音标读音符号。新课本中美式、英式读音都没将其包括在内。/tr/、/dr/分别是tr、dr的发音。齿龈后部破擦辅音。发音时舌身与/r/相似,舌尖贴齿龈后部,气流冲破阻碍发出短促的/t/后立即发/r/。/tr/是清辅音,/dr/是浊辅音。

[i:]字母组合 ee ea e ie --three tree green sheep meet beef see seek eat tea meat leave lead teacher team mean speak clean piece

[?]发音字母 a--bag hand and ant happy hat map mad bad black back glad flag shall man

[e]字母组合 ea e a--head bread pleasure elephant electric remember sell shell lesson better bed desk hotel yes many any

[ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/32.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ]字母组合ir ur ear er or--girl shirt skirt thirty thirteen third bird turn burn murder nurse turtle Thursday burger learn earn earth heard

?? PAGE ??2??43??

[ε]字母组合 er or ou ar o a e u--teacher leader remember player speaker farmer powder doctor actor mayor author tractor delicious gracious pleasure familiar collar dollar together tomorrow today lesson control around account ago elephant manta banana Canada

[a:] 字母组合 ar a--car farm card arm garden fast class last glass plant aunt calm

[ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/11.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ]发音字母 u o ou oo--up supper lunch fun gun hunt cup bus come mother dose brother love above trouble rough flourish blood flood

[ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/05.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ]字母组合 al or au our ar--small wall talk tall hall ball call walk short more lord horse for forty sport door floor store author caught autumn four mourn court bought warm quarrel quarter

[ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/04.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ]发音字母 o a--hot lost lot fox box mop hop loss collar not want wash watch

[u:]字母组合 oo o u--food moon room gloom broom doom goose tooth shoe do two true truth blue full prude

[u]字母组合 oo ou u o--look good foot book wood should could put full bull pull push woman wolf

[ei]发音字母 a ay ea ai ey--name cake late gate plane April play say may way great break rain paint plain they grey

[ai]发音字母 i y--bike fine find die nine light night high my try fly eye

[au]字母组合 ou ow--house out flour ground account count sound loud around mouse flower down now cow how town

[ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/34.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ]发音字母 o ow oa--home cold go no phone host ghost know low below grow blow show flow boat coat goal

[i INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ]字母组合 eer ear--beer deerear near here fierce idea

[ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/17.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/18.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ]字母组合ear air ere--pear bear chair air fair there where care

?? PAGE ??2??44??

[u INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/07.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ]字母组合our ower--hour tour flower shower

[t] tree two ten ton town twenty city

[d] door dull desk dose do dog dictionary

[k] king kite key look cook book kitchen sky

[g] girl good goal goat grade long language

[m] man make moon morning move come comb

[n] pen ten nine fine night noon moon clean

[ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/10.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] uncle bank English think thank junk sing king morning

[l] long land lend lord fly flag black world cold could goal soul

[r] read red right run room write

[f] five fly fine flag frog fog roof knife life wife cough laugh rough

[v] very evening even every voice vest of

[s] six sit student same seat kiss miss case scarf

[z] zoo zebra zero zap close nose hose suppose pause those

[ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/12.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] that this those these though

[∫] sheep shoulder ship shoe she brush wash nation attention

[h] hot hop home house horse how who

[w] when what where window wind wood

[j] yes year yell you your yolk yellow

[ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/35.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] child chicken china chair lunch ouch catch teach

[ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://news.tenglong.net/photo/fj/jgzh/20051130/kcyf/cz/02/36.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET ] age language cabbage vegetable stage bridge joy enjoy join July June junk

[tr] tree country try treat track trunk

[dr] dry dream drop drive drink

[ts] students boots boats goats nuts

[dz] goods woods moods hoods

?? PAGE ??2??45??

1 元音: 1) [i:] 字母组合:ee ea e ie three tree green sheep meet beef see seek(ee) eat tea meat leave lead teacher team mean speak clean please(ea) he she me(e) piece receive ceiling (ie,ei) 2) [i] 发音字母 i y e sit picture it is list six mix fix fit pig big build miss myth many twenty happy dictionary defect decide delicious 3) 发音字母 a bag hand and ant happy hat map mad bad black back glad flag shall man 4) [e] 字母组合 ea e a head bread pleasure elephant electric remember sell shell lesson better bed desk hotel yes many any 5) [ε:] 字母组合ir ur ear er or girl shirt skirt thirty thirteen third bird turn burn murder nurse turtle Thursday burger learn earn earth heard term her nerd serve work worm work world 6) [ε] 字母组合 er or ou ar o a e u teacher leader remember player speaker farmer powder doctor actor mayor author tractor delicious gracious

?? PAGE ??2??46??

pleasure familiar collar dollar together tomorrow today shallop lesson Washington control polite around account ago

elephant manta banana Canada Japan china men listen

famulus Saturday

7) [a:] 字母组合 ar a

car farm card arm garden fast class last glass plant aunt calm

8) [ ] 发音字母 u o ou oo

up supper lunch fun gun hunt cup bus come mother dose brother love above

trouble rough flourish blood flood 9) [ ] 字母组合 al or au our ar aw

small wall talk tall hall ball call walk

short more lord horse for forty sport door floor store

author caught autumn four mourn court bought

warm quarrel quarter

draw saw flaw 10) [ ] 发音字母 o a

hot lost lot fox box mop hop loss collar not want wash

11) [u:] 字母组合 oo o u

food moon room gloom broom doom goose tooth shoe do two true truth blue full 12) [u] 字母组合 oo ou u

??2??47?? ?? PAGE

look good foot book

should could

put full bull pull push woman wolf 13) [ei] 发音字母 a ay ea ai ey

name cake late gate plane April

play say may way

great break

rain paint plain they grey

14) [ai] 发音字母 i y

bike fine find die nine light night high

my try fly eye 15) [au] 字母组合 ou ow

house out flour ground account count sound loud around mouse flower down now cow how town 16) [εu] 发音字母 o ow oa

home cold go no phone host ghost

know low below grow blow show flow boat coat goal 17) [ ] 字母组合oy oi

boy toy joy

oil soil voice choice

18) [iε] 字母组合 eer

beer deer ear idea near here fierce

19) [ ] 字母组合ear air

pear bear chair air fair care there where

?? PAGE ??2??48??

20) [uε] hour tour poor flower shower

[ei] [ai] [aU] [EU] [Ri] [i[] [Z[] [UE]

2 容易混淆的元音

[ ] [e] bad bed hand head man men land lend pan pen sad said

[i :] [ei]

real rail greet great mean main read raid

[e] [ai] bet bite red write said side head hide [aU] [ ] house horse loud lord south sauce cloud clause now nor count corn [aU] [ ] found fond down done gown gone town ton

3 辅音

1) [p] pen pear play pig pour pull push

2) [b] book big boot bike bread break

3) [t] tree two ten ton town twenty city

4) [d] door dull desk dose do dog dictionary 5) [k] king kite key look cook book kitchen sky ( 发音字母k) card cat cream correct climb come account accept ( 发音字母c) fox box oxygen x-ray ( 发音字母x)

school schedule schema ( 字母组合ch)

6) [g] girl good goal goat grade long language

7) [m] man make moon morning move come comb

8) [n] pen ten nine fine night noon moon clean

9) [N] uncle bank English think thank junk

sing king morning evening

?? PAGE ??2??49??

10) [l] long land lend lord fly flag black

world cold could goal soul

11) [r] read red right run room write

12) [f] five fly fine flag frog fog roof knife life wife (字母f) cough laugh rough (字母gh)

physic photo phone (ph) 13) [v] very evening even every voice vest( 字母v) of ( 字母f)

14) [s] six sit student same seat kiss miss case scarf ( 发音字母s) license city cease cedar ceiling celebrate ( 发音字母c) licence piece juice science lance space ace ( 字母组合ce)

15) [z] zoo zebra zero zap (z) close nose hose suppose pause those whose (se) 16) [ ] think thank three thirty tooth mouth

17) [ ] that this those these though

18) [ ] sheep shoulder ship shoe she brush wash (sh) nation attention station

social special

sure

19) [ ] pleasure

20) [h] hot hop home house horse how who

21) [w] when what where window wind wood

22) [j] yes year yell you your yolk yellow

23) [ ] child chicken china chair lunch ouch teach ( 字母组合ch) catch watch match (字母组合tch)

24) [ ] age language cabbage vegetable stage bridge joy enjoy join July June junk

?? PAGE ??2??50??

25) [tr] tree country try treat track trunk

26) [dr] dry dream drop drive drink

27) [ts] students boots boats goats nuts

28) [dz] goods woods moods hoods

4 容易混淆的辅音

[v] [w] vest west vet wet vine wine very well [s] [ ] sink think mass math miss myth sort sought

[z] [ ] close cloth breeze breathe

[n] [ ] thin thing sin sing ran rang ban bang win wing 5 字母,组合音节发音规律

1 )a [ei] [?] [ ] [a:] [ ]

late private grade bake grape nation station page active hand bank fan parent family glad flag accept about above formative machine cinema fast last glass class past father

wash what watch want

2 )e [i:] [e] [i] [ ] 不发音

appreciate extremely secret she me he

letter left message generate pebble decide pretty previous result restore

problem prosperous student confident

active table late wife store lecture

3)i [ai] [i]

??2??51?? ?? PAGE

high price library ice cream wife size line fist pick chicken piano fiancé city unit 4 )o [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

lode host cold note okay old home lose do who whose prove

love some other mother honey company today tomorrow together control collect lost hot mock office soft honest

5 )u [ju] [u] [ ] [ ]

university refuse unique universe huge put push pull full bull

but brush bucket duck bubble

support suggest

6 )c [k] [s]

country camp camera courage cable city ceiling celebrate cell cease

7 )g [g] [ ] [ ]

girl grade glass glade bag flag

village vegetable bridge gentleman gym long song sing morning evening

8) l [l] 读音不同

listen learn language collect English gorilla world cold soil tall sell cool animal

9) n [n] [ ] moon night noodle number

uncle hungry angry young

10) r [r] [ ](美语发音)

??2??52?? ?? PAGE

right read write grade progress

card board door floor form north 11 )y [j] [i] [ai]

yellow year yell young yolk

university country pretty happy dyke dying fly buy by my

12 )ar [a:] [ ] [ ]

farm card garden mark

dollar

warm quarrel quarter

13) ea [i:] [e] [ei] [ ] cease season breathe feature meat please bread breast breath meadow weather great break

idea realize

14) ear [ ] [ ]

learn earth earn heard

hear near clear ear fear

15) er [ ] [ ] [ ] deserve serve her person

teacher driver anger singer

serious experience mysterious fierce 16 ) ere [ ] [ ]

here mere fere sere

there 17) ir [ ] [ai] shirt girl skirt

??2??53?? ?? PAGE

admire desire

18) oo [u:] [u] [ ] [ ] room tool cool moon noon goof food

good foot stood wood wool cook wood book blood flood

door floor 19) or [ ] [ ] [ ]

short form corn born for

work world worm word worst

tractor doctor actor sector senior senator

20) oor [ ] [ ]

door floor

moor poor boor

21) our [ ] [ ] hour tour flour bourn lour

pour court four mourn

22) ou [au] [ ] [ ] house mouth mouse sound found

enough trouble touch

delicious gracious prosperous

23) ow [ ] [au] window meadow know show low

now town how down cow

24) se [z] [s] nose suppose gose lose pose rose

mouse house

25) th [W] [T]

??2??54?? ?? PAGE

thank think thought cloth clothes that this then than 26) sion [ ] [ ] propulsion tension progression passion protrusion provision conclusion television 27) tion [ ] [ ](不常见) station nation translation attention question 6关于语音的几个概念: 音素: 音的最小单位,英语中有48个音素. 音节: 由元音和辅音构成的发音单位. 元音: 发音响亮,是乐音,口腔中气流不受阻碍,是音节的主要组成部分.英语中有20个元音. 辅音: 发音不响亮,是噪音,口腔中气流受到阻碍,不是音节的重要组成部分,英语中有28个 辅音. 开音节: 1)辅音+元音+辅音+不发音e kite cake name bike make take home plane shine 2)辅音+元音 he hi go no do be tree three hello 闭音节: 1)辅音+元音+辅音 sit bed bad bag hot hop let mad map head 2)元音+辅音 it is of in on up out ant clothes that this then than 26) sion [ ] [ ] propulsion tension progression passion protrusion provision conclusion television 27) tion [ ] [ ](不常见) station nation translation attention question 6关于语音的几个概念:

?? PAGE ??2??55??

音素: 音的最小单位,英语中有48个音素. 音节: 由元音和辅音构成的发音单位. 元音: 发音响亮,是乐音,口腔中气流不受阻碍,是音节的主要组成部分.英语中有20个元音. 辅音: 发音不响亮,是噪音,口腔中气流受到阻碍,不是音节的重要组成部分,英语中有28个 辅音. 开音节: 1)辅音+元音+辅音+不发音e kite cake name bike make take home plane shine 2)辅音+元音 he hi go no do be tree three hello 闭音节: 1)辅音+元音+辅音 sit bed bad bag hot hop let mad map head 2)元音+辅音 it is of in on up out ant 音标的发音规则3 1 元音: 1) [i:] 字母组合:ee ea e ie three tree green sheep meet beef see seek(ee) eat tea meat leave lead teacher team mean speak clean please(ea) he she me(e) piece receive ceiling (ie,ei) 2) [i] 发音字母 i y e sit picture it is list six mix fix fit pig big build miss myth many twenty happy dictionary defect decide delicious 3) 发音字母 a bag hand and ant happy hat map mad bad black back glad flag shall man 4) [e] 字母组合 ea e a

?? PAGE ??2??56??

head bread pleasure elephant electric remember sell shell lesson better bed desk hotel yes many any 5) [ε:] 字母组合ir ur ear er or girl shirt skirt thirty thirteen third bird turn burn murder nurse turtle Thursday burger learn earn earth heard term her nerd serve work worm work world 6) [ε] 字母组合 er or ou ar o a e u teacher leader remember player speaker farmer powder doctor actor mayor author tractor delicious gracious pleasure familiar collar dollar together tomorrow today shallop lesson Washington control polite around account ago elephant manta banana Canada Japan china men listen famulus Saturday 7) [a:] 字母组合 ar a car farm card arm garden fast class last glass plant aunt calm 8) [ ] 发音字母 u o ou oo up supper lunch fun gun hunt cup bus come mother dose brother love above trouble rough flourish blood flood 9) [ ]字母组合 al or au our ar aw small wall talk tall hall ball call walk

?? PAGE ??2??57??

short more lord horse for forty sport door floor store author caught autumn four mourn court bought

warm quarrel quarter

draw saw flaw 10) [ ] 发音字母 o a

hot lost lot fox box mop hop loss collar not want wash

11) [u:] 字母组合 oo o u

food moon room gloom broom doom goose tooth shoe do two true truth blue full 12) [u] 字母组合 oo ou u

look good foot book

should could

put full bull pull push woman wolf 13) [ei] 发音字母 a ay ea ai ey

name cake late gate plane April

play say may way

great break

rain paint plain they grey

14) [ai] 发音字母 i y

bike fine find die nine light night high

my try fly eye 15) [au] 字母组合 ou ow

??2??58?? ?? PAGE

house out flour ground account count sound loud around mouse flower down now cow how town 16) [εu] 发音字母 o ow oa

home cold go no phone host ghost

know low below grow blow show flow boat coat goal 17) [ ] 字母组合oy oi

boy toy joy

oil soil voice choice

18) [iε] 字母组合 eer

beer deer ear idea near here fierce

19) [ ] 字母组合ear air

pear bear chair air fair care there where 20) [uε] hour tour poor flower shower

[ei] [ai] [aU] [EU] [Ri] [i[] [Z[] [UE]

2 容易混淆的元音

[ ] [e] bad bed hand head man men land lend pan pen sad said

[i :] [ei]

real rail greet great mean main read raid

[e] [ai] bet bite red write said side head hide [aU] [ ] house horse loud lord south sauce cloud clause now nor count corn [aU] [ ] found fond down done gown gone town ton

3辅音

?? PAGE ??2??59??

1) [p] pen pear play pig pour pull push

2) [b] book big boot bike bread break

3) [t] tree two ten ton town twenty city

4) [d] door dull desk dose do dog dictionary 5) [k] king kite key look cook book kitchen sky ( 发音字母k) card cat cream correct climb come account accept ( 发音字母c) fox box oxygen x-ray ( 发音字母x)

school schedule schema ( 字母组合ch)

6) [g] girl good goal goat grade long language

7) [m] man make moon morning move come comb

8) [n] pen ten nine fine night noon moon clean

9) [N] uncle bank English think thank junk sing king morning evening 10) [l] long land lend lord fly flag black

world cold could goal soul

11) [r] read red right run room write

12) [f] five fly fine flag frog fog roof knife life wife (字母f) cough laugh rough (字母gh)

physic photo phone (ph) 13) [v] very evening even every voice vest( 字母v) of ( 字母f)

14) [s] six sit student same seat kiss miss case scarf ( 发音字母s) license city cease cedar ceiling celebrate ( 发音字母c) licence piece juice science lance space ace ( 字母组合ce)

15) [z] zoo zebra zero zap (z) close nose hose suppose pause those whose (se) 16) [ ] think thank three thirty tooth mouth

?? PAGE ??2??60??

17) [ ] that this those these though

18) [ ] sheep shoulder ship shoe she brush wash (sh) nation attention station

social special

sure

19) [ ] pleasure

20) [h] hot hop home house horse how who

21) [w] when what where window wind wood

22) [j] yes year yell you your yolk yellow

23) [ ] child chicken china chair lunch ouch teach ( 字母组合ch) catch watch match (字母组合tch)

24) [ ] age language cabbage vegetable stage bridge joy enjoy join July June junk

25) [tr] tree country try treat track trunk

26) [dr] dry dream drop drive drink

27) [ts] students boots boats goats nuts

28) [dz] goods woods moods hoods

4 容易混淆的辅音

[v] [w] vest west vet wet vine wine very well [s] [ ] sink think mass math miss myth sort sought

[z] [ ] close cloth breeze breathe

[n] [ ] thin thing sin sing ran rang ban bang win wing 5 字母,组合音节发音规律

?? PAGE ??2??61??

1 )a [ei] [?] [ ] [a:] [ ]

late private grade bake grape nation station page active hand bank fan parent family glad flag accept about above formative machine cinema fast last glass class past father

wash what watch want

2 )e [i:] [e] [i] [ ] 不发音

appreciate extremely secret she me he

letter left message generate pebble decide pretty previous result restore

problem prosperous student confident

active table late wife store lecture

3 )i [ai] [i]

high price library ice cream wife size line fist pick chicken piano fiancé city unit

4 )o [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

lode host cold note okay old home

lose do who whose prove

love some other mother honey company today tomorrow together control collect lost hot mock office soft honest

5 )u [ju] [u] [ ] [ ]

university refuse unique universe huge

put push pull full bull

but brush bucket duck bubble

support suggest

6)c [k] [s]

??2??62?? ?? PAGE

country camp camera courage cable city ceiling celebrate cell cease

7 )g [g] [ ] [ ]

girl grade glass glade bag flag

village vegetable bridge gentleman gym long song sing morning evening

8) l [l] 读音不同

listen learn language collect English gorilla world cold soil tall sell cool animal

9) n [n] [ ] moon night noodle number

uncle hungry angry young

10) r [r] [ ]( 美语发音)

right read write grade progress

card board door floor form north

11 )y [j] [i] [ai]

yellow year yell young yolk

university country pretty happy

dyke dying fly buy by my

12 )ar [a:] [ ] [ ]

farm card garden mark

dollar

warm quarrel quarter

13) ea [i:] [e] [ei] [ ] cease season breathe feature meat please bread breast breath meadow weather great break

??2??63?? ?? PAGE

idea realize

14) ear [ ] [ ]

learn earth earn heard

hear near clear ear fear

15) er [ ] [ ] [ ] deserve serve her person

teacher driver anger singer

serious experience mysterious fierce 16 ) ere [ ] [ ]

here mere fere sere

there 17) ir [ ] [ai] shirt girl skirt

admire desire

18) oo [u:] [u] [ ] [ ] room tool cool moon noon goof food

good foot stood wood wool cook wood book blood flood

door floor 19) or [ ] [ ] [ ]

short form corn born for

work world worm word worst

tractor doctor actor sector senior senator

20) oor [ ] [ ]

door floor

moor poor boor

21) our [ ] [ ]

??2??64?? ?? PAGE

hour tour flour bourn lour pour court four mourn 22) ou [au] [ ] [ ] house mouth mouse sound found enough trouble touch delicious gracious prosperous 23) ow [ ] [au] window meadow know show low now town how down cow 24) se [z] [s] nose suppose gose lose pose rose mouse house 25) th [W] [T] thank think thought cloth clothes that this then than 26) sion [ ] [ ] propulsion tension progression passion protrusion provision conclusion television 27) tion [ ] [ ](不常见) station nation translation attention question 6关于语音的几个概念: 音素: 音的最小单位,英语中有48个音素. 音节: 由元音和辅音构成的发音单位. 元音: 发音响亮,是乐音,口腔中气流不受阻碍,是音节的主要组成部分.英语中有20个元音. 辅音: 发音不响亮,是噪音,口腔中气流受到阻碍,不是音节的重要组成部分,英语中有28个 辅音.

?? PAGE ??2??65??

开音节: 1)辅音+元音+辅音+不发音e kite cake name bike make take home plane shine 2)辅音+元音 he hi go no do be tree three hello 闭音节: 1)辅音+元音+辅音 sit bed bad bag hot hop let mad map head 2)元音+辅音 it is of in on up out ant

48个国际音标---20个元音音标;24个辅音音标 March 23rd, 2008

英语国际音标共48个,其中20个元音音标,24个辅音音标

1、元音音标分单元音和双元音:

(1)单元音12个,分为长元音(5个)和短元音(7个) 长元音 [i:] [((] [((] [((] [((] 短元音 [( ] [( ] [( ] [( ] [(] [(] [(]

(2)双元音8个 [((] [((] [((] [((] [((] [((] [((] [((]

2、辅音音标24个

(1)清浊成对的辅音8组,共16个(发声时喉咙声带振动为浊辅音,不振动为清辅音) 清辅音 [(] [(] [(] [( ] [(] [(] [(] [((] ([((] [((])

浊辅音 [(] [(] [(] [(] [(] [(] [(] [((] ([((] [((])

(2)其他辅音音标

3个鼻音 [(] [(] [(]

3个似拼音 [(] [(] [(]

2个半元音 [(] [(]

小测验:写出5个元音字母及其音标:

小测验:请根据老师的读音写出26个字母的音标。

4个包含[((]:

9个包含[i:]:

7个包含[(]:

?? PAGE ??2??66??

2个包含[((]: 1个包含[((]: 3个包含[((]: 1个包含[((]:

单词重音的一般规律

“有轻有重”是英语单词的特点。英语的词重音如同汉语的四声,是单词不可分割的一部分,是学好语调的基础,而且一些词的重音还有区分词性、词义的作用。因此我们记单词时要记住其重音位置。

词的重音与次重音

首先看什么是音节?一个音节由一个元音音标和一个辅音音标组成,如:comedy是___个音节,music是___个音节;单独的一个元音音标也可以构成一个音节,如I, about /((((((/)

重音:单音节词单独读时都重读,而不必标注重音符号;两个或两个以上的音节才有重音。两个音节重音符号一般标注在第一个音节前。

次重音:在部分含有两个音节的单词和含有3个或3个以上音节的多音节单词中,有时除了有主重音还有次重音,次重音表示读该音节时要弱于重音节而强于其他音节,如:(Chi(nese, (thir(teenth

英语单词重音没有一成不变的规则,我们这里总结的只是一般性规律,便于大家更快学习和掌握重音。

1、双音节词的重音多数在第一个音节上。如: ′birthday, ′someone, ′very

2、多音节词的重音多数在倒数第三个音节上。如:′interesting, ′February,docu′mentary,但也

有例外,如:Sep′tember, suc′cessful

练一练:请把下列单词标注上正确的音标。

August movie favorite piano sing January October twentieth second speak

________________________________________________________________________________________

连续与爆破音

在英语的学习过程中,一定要注意英语发音的连读和爆破音现象,掌握了它了规律,对我们在发音和英语听力方面都会有很大的帮助。

那么,什么是连读呢?

在连贯地说话或朗读时,在同一个意群(即短语或从句)中,如果相邻的两个词前者以辅音音素结尾,后者以元音音素开头,就要自然地将辅音和元音相拼,构成一个音节,这就是连读。连读时的音节一般不重读,只需顺其自然地一带而过,不可以加音,也不可以读得太重。如:not at all这个短语。连读时听起来就像是一个单词。注意:连读只发生在句子中的同一个意群中。在两个意群之间即使有两个相邻的辅音和元音出现,也不可连读。如:Please take a look at it.这个句子中take a look at it是同一个意群,那么take与a可连读,look与at可连读,at与it可连读。在There is a book in it.一句中book与in往往不连读,因为book与in分别在两个不同的意群中。 连读中有一个是元音结尾与元音开头这属于加音节情况

?? PAGE ??2??67??

如果你注意美国人说话,你会发现,要从你听到的一连串声音里面挑出某个词来近乎是不可能的。因为他们在说话的时候,词汇常常整个地连贯在一起。比如说,本来一个单词一个单词地拼读,我们发现词汇里面没有r的发音,或者没有某个音节的发音,但是在整个句子连贯说出来的时候,这样的现象就产生了,尤其是两个元音相邻的时候。除了r是最常用的连续音节以外,w和j常常用来接两个元音。

例如:area(r)of literature

drama(r)and music

the idea(r)of it

law(r)and order

打不出音标的字体所以用()代表所加的音节

连读的条件:相邻的两词在意义上必须密切相关,同属一个意群。连读所构成的音节一般都不重读,只需顺其自然地一带而过,不可读得太重,也不可音。(连读符号:~)

(1)“辅音+元音”型连读

在同一个意群里,如果相邻两词中的前一个词是以辅音结尾,后一个词是以元音开头,这就要将辅音与元音拼起来连读。

I’m~an~English boy.

It~is~an~old book.

Let me have~a look~at~it.

Ms Black worked in~an~office last~yesterday.

I called~you half~an~hour~ago.

Put~it~on, please.

Not~at~all.

Please pick~it~up.

(2)“r/re+元音”型连读

如果前一个词是以-r或者-re结尾,后一个词是以元音开头,这时的r或re不但要发/r/,而且还要与后面的元音拼起来连读。

They’re my father~and mother.

I looked for~it here~and there.

There~is a football under~it.

There~are some books on the desk.

Here~is a letter for you.

Here~are four~eggs.

But where~is my cup?

Where~are your brother~and sister?

但是,如果一个音节的前后都有字母r,即使后面的词以元音开头,也不能连读。 The black clouds are coming nearer and nearer.(nearer与and不可连读)

(3)“辅音+半元音”型连读

英语语音中的 /j/和/w/是半元音,如果前一个词是以辅音结尾,后一个词是以半元音,特别是/j/开头,此时也要连读。

Thank~you.

Nice to meet~you.

Did~you get there late~again?

Would~you like~a cup~of tea?

Could~you help me, please?

“音的同化”

—常把/d/+/j/读成/dV/,did you听上成了/dIdVu/,would you成了/wudVu/,could you成了/kudVu/。

(4)“元音+元音”型连读如果前一个词以元音结尾,后一个词以元音开头,这两个音往往也要自然而不间断地连读到一起。

I~am Chinese.

He~is very friendly to me.

She wants to study~English.

How~and why did you come here?

She can’t carry~it.

?? PAGE ??2??68??

It’ll take you three~hours to walk there.

The question is too~easy for him to answer.

(5)当短语或从句之间按意群进行停顿时,意群与意群之间即使有两个相邻的辅音与元音出现,也不可连读。

Is~it a~hat or a cat?(hat与or之间不可以连读)

There~is~a good book in my desk. (book与in之间不可以连读)

Can you speak~English or French? (English与or之间不可以连读)

Shall we meet at~eight or ten tomorrow morning? (meet与 at,eight与or之间不可以连读)

She opened the door and walked~in. (door与and之间不可以连读)

爆破音是指发音器官在口腔中形成阻碍,然后气流冲破阻碍而发出的音。这些音有6个,即/p/, /b/, /t/, /d/, /k/和/g/。但在某些情况下,发爆破音时,气流不必冲破阻碍,而只是发音器官在口腔中形成阻碍,并稍做停顿,(也就是说,做好要发出这个爆破音的准备,但不要发出音来),这样的发音过程叫作"不完全爆破"。

6个爆破音有3对/p/,/b/,/t/,/d/,/k/,/g/

失去爆破,又叫不完全爆破,就是在某些情况下,只须做出发音的准备,但并不发音,稍稍停顿后就发后面的音。

(1)“爆破音+爆破音” 型

6个爆破音【t、d、k、g、p、b】中的任意2个相临时,前一个爆破音会失去爆破,即由相关的发音器官做好这个发音的姿势,稍做停顿后即发后面的爆破音。

The girl in the re(d) coat was on a bla(ck) bike jus(t) now.

The bi(g) bus from the fa(c) tory is full of people.

Wha(t) time does he get up every morning?

This is an ol(d) pi(c)ture of a bi(g) car.

The ol(d) do(c)tor has a ca(t), too.

We’re going to work on a farm nex(t) Tuesday.

What would you like, ho(t) tea or bla(ck) coffee?

It’s a very col(d) day, but it’s a goo(d) day.

You can put i(t) down in the bi(g) garden.

I bought a chea(p) book, but it’s a goo(d) book.

(2)“爆破音+摩擦音”型如果前面是爆破音,其后紧跟着某些摩擦音(如/f/,/s/,/W/,/T/等),那么前面那个爆破音仅有十分轻微的爆破,而后面那个摩擦音则要完全爆破。

6个爆破音有3对/p/,/b/,/t/,/d/,/k/,/g/失去爆破,又叫不完全爆破,就是在某些情况下,只须做出发音的准备,但并不发音,稍稍停顿后就发后面的音。

(1)“爆破音+爆破音”型6个爆破音中的任意2个相临时,前一个爆破音会失去爆破,即由相关的发音器官做好这个发音的姿势,稍做停顿后即发后面的爆破音。

The girl in the re(d) coat was on a bla(ck) bike jus(t) now.

The bi(g) bus from the fa(c) tory is full of people.

Wha(t) time does he get up every morning?

This is an ol(d) pi(c)ture of a bi(g) car.

The ol(d) do(c)tor has a ca(t), too.

We’re going to work on a farm nex(t) Tuesday.

What would you like, ho(t) tea or bla(ck) coffee?

It’s a very col(d) day, but it’s a goo(d) day.

You can put i(t) down in the bi(g) garden.

I bought a chea(p) book, but it’s a goo(d) book.

(2)“爆破音+摩擦音”型如果前面是爆破音,其后紧跟着某些摩擦音(如/f/,/s/,/W/,/T/等),那么前面那个爆破音仅有十分轻微的爆破,而后面那个摩擦音则要完全爆破。

Goo(d) morning, Mr. Bell.

Goo(d) morning, dear.

Uncle Li’s fa(c)tory is qui(te) near to the cinema.

I wen(t) there alone a(t) nine las(t) night.

-Do you know his bi(ke) number? -Sorry, I don’(t) know.

The forty-firs(t) lesson is qui(te) difficult

?? PAGE ??2??69??

爆破音+m/n,爆破音也会失爆!

/p/, /t/, /k/开头的音节发 /b/, /d/, /g/

在背诵新东方80篇,总结出来的一点东西:

1. 音标中无重读音节的,要轻轻的读,不要读出有高低调的声音!不要老爱把音节读成渐高调,感觉有点歇斯底里,很难听的!

2. 重音且长音要尽量拖长,发音要饱满,但是[i:]除外,这个音节只需轻轻带过! ee、啊:、呃:读起来让人听着这个音节很明显。

3. 短音的i有时候不发音,只起到一个连接的作用;

英语音标发音规则 -清辅音的浊化

初步了解清辅音的浊化现象.

1、清辅音浊化只是一种发音现象,不是规则,地道英语教学者都反对专门制定一个规则来说明这个问题。

2、总的发音规则只有一条:按照字典里的注音读,要怎么变化就按地道英语的习惯。

3、s 后面的清辅音被浊化,只是清辅音浊化的一小部分,很多时候不用加 s 也可能被浊化。 如water, happy, meeting, walking等等,地道英语一般将这些单词中间那个清辅音发成对应的浊辅音了,才象英语。

4、S后面的清辅音浊化现象可以这样归纳:清辅音跟着一个元音,前面又有一个 s ,无论是在单词的最前面还是中间,只要是在重读音节或次重读音节里,一般都读成对应浊辅音,如stand, strike, speak, sky 等等,值得一提的是strike,要变成“dr”所发的那个音 (如dream中的“dr”所发的音)。

其实谁也没有规定要这样读,如果你拿着这个问题问老外,他们大多都答不出来,只是这些相关的单词中的清辅音读着读着自然就会变成浊辅音了。 这种组合如果后面没有元音,就不存在浊化的问题。如grasp,test,desk等,仍发清辅音。 也有例外的,不要说它不符合规则,因为本来就没有规则,硬要定规则的话就行不通。比如student,stupid,如果按那个所谓规则去读成 [sd…],就不好听了,操地道英语的人就会知道问“你是从中国来的吧”。这里的字母“t”一般被习惯发成jeep中 “j”所发的那个音才地道。

英语中的连读,同化,失音,浊化,弱读现象

我们都有过这样沮丧的经验,很容易听懂中国人说的英语,但是同样的对话一到英美人的嘴 ?? PAGE ??2??70??

里,便觉得很难跟上,有时甚至是不知所云。这主要是因为我们说的英语通常单词之间很清晰,词与词之间有明显的pause, 但是英美人的口语会有很多音变,这些音变使得我们很熟悉的单词的发音变得陌生,难懂,给我们的听力造成了很大的困难,因此了解并使用各音变规则会帮助我们提高听力,使我们的发音更加地道。

音变主要有 连读、失音、弱化、浊化、同化、重音、缩读等形式。这些形式的产生可以归结为一个原则,即 “Economy” —“经济”原则 或称为“省力”原则。“省力”这两个简单的字眼可以解释几乎所有的音变现象,人是很懒的,对于最经常的行为——说话,当然要想许多省事的法子,于是也就产生了多种为省力而衍变的音变现象。牢记省力原则,在我们读英语的时候,让自己的唇舌处于放松的状态,轻松的去读英语,我想发音的感觉一定会有所不同。 言归正题, 以下列出给听力造成很大障碍的五种音变现象及其读音规则,以及最后一项关于节奏的小文章,希望能有所帮助!

一、 连读

连读有两种规则,分别为:

1、 以辅音结尾的单词+元音开头的单词:要连读

如:I’d li(ke a)nother bow(l o)f rice.

这里like / laik / 以辅音结尾,another 以元音开头,所以连读

注意:

以辅音结尾 指的是音标中的最后一个音是辅音,而不是单词的结尾,这如同u[ju:.]niversity前面的定冠词必须用a 一样。

2、以辅音结尾的单词 + h开头的单词h不发音,与前面的辅音

what wil(l he) [wili]do?

Ha(s he) done it before?

Mus(t he) [ti] go?

Can he do it?

Should he?.?

Tell him to ask her?.

Lea(ve him) [vim].

For him (连读这个词,会发现和forum 很相似)

我第一次知道这一连读规则时,兴奋不已,很容易的听懂了许多以前觉得很难以理解的句子, 并且按照这种连读方式发音省力、轻松了许多。再次证实”Economy”。

二、 音的同化

音的同化也是一种连读的现象,两个词之间非常平滑的过渡,导致一个音受临音影响而变化。主要是以下三种方式:

1、 辅音[d]与[j]相邻时,被同化为[dэ]:Would you....?

2、 辅音[t]与[j]相邻时,被同化为[t∫]: Can’t you:。。。。?

3、 辅音[s]与[j]相邻时, 被同化为[∫]: Miss you

三、 失音

由于失去爆破是失音的一种现象,摩擦音也会被失去,所以统称为失音。

注意:

爆破音并不是完全失去,仍然形成阻碍,把气流堵在里面,但不爆破,直接发出相邻的辅音。 ?? PAGE ??2??71??

规则:

1、 辅音爆破音或摩擦音后面跟的是爆破音、破擦音和摩擦等,前面的辅音要失去爆破。 这样的例子有很多很多, 红色标注的辅音不发音:

Sit down: 发音再次的老师都不会发出 [t] 音

Contact lens:

Big cake

Dad told me

Huge change

Good night

四、 浊化

1、[S] 后面的清辅音要浊化

Discussion: [k] 浊化成 [g]

Stand: [t] 浊化成[d]

Expression: [p]浊化成

2、美音中:[t] 在单词的中间被浊化成[d]

如:

writer, 听起来和 rider 的发音几乎没有区别

letter—ladder

out of

美国人和加拿大人发音为了省事,习惯清音浊化,尤其是[t]在单词的中间一定会浊化成[d], 但英国人发音不会这样,这也是英音和美音的一大区别。 了解这一浊化原则,会给听力带来一些帮助。

五、 弱读

一般来说:

实词重读,如动词、名词、副词等;

虚词弱读,如介词、代词等

弱读的规则一般是:元音音节弱化成 [E] 或

比如说如下几个单词:for/to/some/does/of

查字典会发现这些词都至少有两种读音,如for: 重读时[fR:] , 弱读时 [fE]

六、 节奏

对于英语的节奏,我也把握不好,而且还为此郁闷不已。在我认为,中国人说普通化,一个句子的标准节奏和语调往往只有一个,我想英语也应该是这样,但是怎么样才是标准语调呢?特意为这个问题问过英语老师,不同的外国人说同一个陈述句会有不同得语调吗?她告诉我是的。不过在看了下面这段话之后,我想她可能误我了。:)

比如语调的升降、词语的重音、句子在何处停顿。

?? PAGE ??2??72??

音标教学具体做法如下:

2、集中教音标把48个音标分为元音和辅音两大类。元音分为单元音和双元音,辅音又分为清辅音和浊辅音四种情况。

2、巧记音标把12个单元音分作6对;把8个双元音分为3小组;清浊辅音10对;另记一个清辅音;再记7个浊辅音:

3、自制音标表和音标卡片音标卡片方便课堂教学,音标表贴于教室前墙,以便学生常见常记。

4、将某些因素与汉语拼音作比较让学生仔细观察,认真模仿,反复操练。对于某些不易发准确的音标,进行讲解和示范。学生一旦摸清了每个音标的发音部位和方法,便感到豁然开朗,兴趣大增。

5、发音方法教元音时强调舌位和口形,口腔内不足方寸之地要发出20个元音,舌位稍有变化就会便成另一个音。在英语教学中,让学生仔细体会舌位的变化,充分利用舌头高、低、伸、缩时在口腔中的不同定位,发好单元音。利用舌头在发音过程中的移动发好双元音,要求发双元音时要掌握三要素:先重后轻、先长后短、先清楚后模糊。在教辅音时,告诫学生区分清辅音和浊辅音的关键在于声带震动与否。有意识地让学生把手放到喉部,再感觉发浊辅音时产生的声带的颤振现象。“磨刀不误砍柴工”虽然提前教音标花去了一定的教学时间,但却起到事半功倍的效果。

?? PAGE ??2??73??

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com