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英语单词的音标发音

发布时间:2014-01-12 13:01:29  

英语单词的音标发音

1 元音:

1) [i:] 字母组合:ee ea e ie

three tree green sheep绵羊 meet 遇见beef 牛肉see seek寻找

Eat吃 tea meat肉 leave离开 lead领导 teacher team组 mean意思 speak说 clean打扫 please

he she me

Piece块 receive收到 ceiling天花板

2) [i] 发音字母 i y e

Sit坐 picture照片 it它 is是 list列表 six六 mix混合 fix困境 fit健康的 pig猪 big狗 build鸟 miss错过

Myth神话 many 许多twenty 十二happy 快乐dictionary 字典

Defect缺点 decide决定 delicious美味的

3) [? ]发音字母 a

Bag包 hand 手and和 ant 蚂蚁happy hat帽子 map地图 mad愚蠢的 bad坏的 black 黑色back 后面glad 高兴的flag旗子 shall 将要man

4) [e] 字母组合 ea e a

Head头 bread 面包pleasure高兴

elephant 大象electric 电remember 记得sell 销售shell贝壳 lesson课 better 较好的bed 床desk课桌 hotel旅馆 yes

many 许多的any任何的

5) [?:] 字母组合ir ur ear ur or

girl 女孩shirt 衬衫skirt 裙子thirty 三十thirteen 十三third 第三bird鸟

turn 转变burn 烫伤murder谋杀 nurse 护士turtle 乌龟Thursday 星期四burger 汉堡包(等于hanburger)

Learn学习 earn 赚到earth地球 heard 听到(hear)过去式和过去分词

Term条款 her nerd 讨厌的人serve招待

Work工作 worm虫 world 世界

6) [?] 字母组合 er or ou ar o a e u

teacher 老师leader 领导者remember 记得player 运动员speaker 演讲者farmer

1

农民 powder 粉末

doctor 医生actor 男演员mayor 市长author 作者tractor 拖拉机

Delicious美味的 gracious亲切的 pleasure令人高兴

Familiar熟悉的 collar衣领 dollar 美元

Toget同时her tomorrow 明天today 今天shallop小舟 lesson上课Washington华盛顿 control控制 polite有礼貌的 around在周围 account 解释ago 过去的elephant 大象manta外套 banana 香蕉Canada 加拿大Japan 日本china中国 Men男人 listen 听

famulus 随从Saturday 星期六

7) [a:] 字母组合 ar a

Car汽车 farm 农场card 卡arm手 garden花园

fast 快速的class 班级last最后的 glass玻璃 plant 种植aunt姑姑 calm 平静的

8) [?] 发音字母 u o ou oo

up supper晚餐 lunch午餐 fun gun枪支 hunt打猎 cup杯子 bus公共汽车 come mother dose药剂 brother love above在 上面

trouble 麻烦rough粗造的 flourish兴旺

blood 血液flood淹没

9) [?:]字母组合 al or au our ar

Small小的 wall 墙talk谈话 tall高的 hall 门厅ball 球call 电话walk 走

Short短的 more更多的 lord 上帝horse马 for 因为forty 四十sport运动 door 门floor 地板store 储存

Author作者 caught(catch)的过去分词 ,捕捉autumn秋天

Four四 mourn哀悼 court法院 bought (buy)的过去式,买

warm 温暖的quarrel吵架 quarter四分之一

10) [?] 发音字母 o a

hot 热的lost丢失 lot非常 fox狐狸 box箱子 mop拖把 hop跳跃 loss减少 collar 领子not不

want 想要wash洗刷

11) [u:] 字母组合 oo o u

Food食物 moon月亮 room房间 gloom忧郁 broom扫帚 doom死亡 goose鹅

2

tooth 牙齿

shoe 鞋do做 two二

True真实的 truth事实 blue蓝色 full全部

12) [u] 字母组合 oo ou u o

Look看 good好的 foot脚 book书

should 应该could 能(can的过去式)

put 举full完整的 bull公牛 pull拉 push推

Women女人们 whose 谁的

13) [ei] 发音字母 a ay ea ai ey

Name名字 cake蛋糕 late晚了 gate大门 plane飞机 April四月

play say 说may可能 way 方法

Great伟大的 break休息

Rain下雨 paint油漆 plain 平原

they 他们grey 灰色

14) [ai] 发音字母 i y

Bike自行车 fine好的 find发现 die死亡 nine九 light光 night晚上 high 高的 my 我的try努力 fly飞行 eye眼睛

15) [au] 字母组合 ou ow

house 房子out 离去flour面粉 ground地面 account认为 count计算 sound 听见loud大声的 around在周围 mouse 老鼠

Flower花 down向下 now 现在cow 奶牛how 如何town 城镇

16) [?u] 发音字母 o ow oa

Home在家 cold寒冷的 go去 no不 phone 电话host主人 ghost鬼

Know知道 low低的 below在下面 grow生长 blow吹 show显示 flow流动 boat 小船coat外套 goal目标

17) [?i] 字母组合oy oi

boy toy joy

oil soil voice choice 选择

18) [i?] 字母组合 eer

beer 啤酒deer 鹿ear耳朵 idea主意 near在附近 here这里 fierce 凶猛的

3

19) [ε?] 字母组合ear air

Pear梨 bear熊 chair椅子 air空气 fair公平的 care关心 there在那里 where 在哪里

20) [u?] hour小时 tour旅游 poor 可怜的flower花 shower淋浴

英文字母发音规则

音节按读音可以分为开音节和闭音节

1) 开音节又可以分为绝对开音节和相对开音节

(1) 绝对开音节:是指一个元音字母后面没有辅音字母而构成的音节,例如:we, hi, yo-yo

(2) 相对开音节:是指一个元音字母后面有一个辅音字母(除r)之外,最后是一个不发音的e构成的音节,如:take, make

在开音节中,这个元音字母发“字母”本身音,例如hi|hai|, use|ju:z|

2) 闭音节:指元音字母后面有辅音字母(辅音字母r除外)构成的音

节,如:leg, cross

3) 音节按重读可以分为重读音节和非重读音节

重读音节:指在双音节或多音节词中有一个发音特别响亮的音

节,叫重读音节,用重音符号“`”标于相应位置,其他音

节为非重读音节,如begin |bi`gin|,单音节词作重读处理,

但不标重音符号.

一、元音字母在重读音节中的读音

a

在开音节中 [ei] name plane Jane baby cake

在闭音节中 [?] bag dad hat map black back

e

在开音节中 [i:] he these me Chinese

在闭音节中 [e] bed let pen desk yes egg

i

在开音节中 [ai] bike fly drive time nice kite

在闭音节中 [i]fish big drink sit milk swim

o

4

在开音节中 [?u] those close go hoe home no

在闭音节中 [?] clock not box shop sock

u

在开音节中 [ju:] student excuse duty Tuesday

在闭音节中 [Λ] bus cup jump much lunch

在开音节中,元音字母u在辅音字母j l r s后面时读[u:]音,例如:June blue ruler super

二、元音字母在重读音节中的特殊读音

a

在[w]音后面 [?] want what watch wash quality

在f n sk ph sp ss st th前 [α:] after plant graph ask grasp glass fast father i在-nd -ld和gh前 [ai] find child light high

o

在-st -ld前 [??] most postcard old cold

在m n v th前 [Λ] come monkey love mother

三、元音字母在非重读音节中的读音

a

[?] China another woman breakfast orange comrade village cabbage e

[?] hundred student open weekend chicken pocket begin children

i

[?]/holiday beautiful family animal

[ai] exercise satellite

o

[?] second tonight somebody welcome

[?u] also zero photo

u

[?] autumn difficult

[ju:] popular congratulation January

5

1. 动词中的a如果处在开音节位置,a读[ei]音,例如:operate

u处在开音节位置,又在辅音字母j l r s后面时,读[u(:)]音,例如:July influence February issue

2. 在非重读音节中,许多单词中的元音字母a e i 即可以读作[E]音,

也可以读作音。

四、-r音节元音字母组在重读音节中的读音

ar

在[w]音后面 [α:] car farm dark sharpener

[?:] warm quarter towards

or

在[w]音后面 [?:] forty morning short

[?:] word worker worse

er ir ur

[?:] certainly bird Thursday

辅音字母r双写时,前面的元音字母不能与r构成-r音节,而是按重读闭音节的拼读规则发音。例如: carry sorry hurry

-r音节在非重读音节中通常读[?]音,例如:dollar teacher martyr forget Saturday

五、-re音节元音字母组在重读音节中的读音

元音字组 读 音 例 词

are [ε?] care dare hare

ere [?? here mere

ire [a??] fire hire wire

ore [?:] more score before

ure [ju?] pure cure

(are ere ire ore很少出现在非重读音节中,ure在非重读音节中读[?]音,例如:picture pleasure )

六、元音词组在重读音节中的读音

ai/ay

[ei] afraid rain wait day play

air

6

[e?] air hair chair pair repair

al

在f m前 [α:] half calm

[?:l] small ball talk wall all

au/aw

[?:] autumn daughter draw

ea

[i:] teach easy cheap please

[e] heavy bread sweater weather

[ei] break great

ear

[i?] hear dear near clear year

[e?] bear pear wear swear

[?:] earth learn early

ee

[i:] jeep week green three

eer

[i?] pioneer deer beer

ei/ey

[ei] eight neighbor they

[i:] either key

eu/ew

在j l r s后 [ju:] new few newspaper

[u:] flew brew jewelry

ie/ei

[i:] piece field receive

oa

[ou] coat Joan boat goal

oar/oor

[?:] roar board door floor

oi/oy

[?i] noise point boy toilet

oo

[u:] broom food tooth school book look cook foot good

7

ou/ow

[au] flower house count down

[ou] know row throw though

[Λ] young country enough

[u:] group you soup

our

[?:] course your four

[au?] our hour ours

[?:] journey

ui

在j l r s后 [u:i] suicide tuition

[u:] juice fruit suit fluid

七、非重读音节中元音字母组和字群的读音

ai/ay

[ei] play plain explain sunday

ei/ey

[i:] foreign monkey

ow

[??] yellow sparrow tomorrow

元音字母组在非重读音节中读[?]音或[i]。例如:neighbour serious famous biscuit coffee

-sion -tion [?? n] impression nation

-sion在元音字母后 [??n] vision decision occasion

-tion在s后 [t??n] question suggestion

-sten [s?n] listen

-stle [sl] whistle

划分音节的方法:

元音是构成音节的主体,辅音是音节的分界线。两辅音之间不管有多少个元音,一般都是一个音节。如:bed 床,bet 打赌,seat 坐位,beat 毒打, beau'ty 美。

两元音字母之间有一个辅音字母时,辅音字母归后一音节,如:stu'dent 学生,la'bour 劳动。有两个辅音字母时,一个辅音字母归前一音节,

8

一个归后一音节,如:let'ter 信,win'ter 冬天。不能拆分的字母组合按字母组合划分音节。如:fa'ther 父亲,tea'cher 教师。

[ ei ] favourite baby same grade plane

[ ] bad hand family black back animal

[ a: ] class dance father afternoon aunt dark car

[ ] watch what

[ ] water watermelon quarter strawberry daughter

[ ? ] breakfast woman policeman banana about

[ e ] any many anything

E e

[ i: ] we these maybe evening jeep meet green three tree

[ e ] dress red very yellow egg everyone

[ i ] English eleven behind between beside pretty

ea组合

[ i: ] clean please read teacher

[ e ] head pleasure breakfast sweater

[ ei ] great eight break

[ ai ] write China driver like primary find behind

I i

[ ai ] right light night

[ i ] fridge sing ticket different

[ i: ] policeman policewoman

[ ?u ] nose open close over no don’t zero

9

O o

[ O ] clock doctor sorry shopping

[ V ] son some love money

[ u: ] do to who whose shoe

oo组合

[ u: ] school too zoo afternoon broom

[ u ] look book foot good woman put

ou组合

[ V ] touch young cousin

发音一样[ au ]

[ au ] blouse about trousers playground

ow我组合

[ au ] how now down

[ ?u ] know yellow window row

U u

[ ju: ] duty excuse student computer

[ V ] bus number hundred umbrella

[ u: ] blue ruler

[ ai ] my goodbye bye

Y y

[ i ] baby family strawberry many party thirty money

[ ei ] may maybe play way today

10

[ ] boy toy

[ j ] 辅音音标 yes you your yours young yellow

(一般这么认为,y在单词开头发辅音[ j ],在单词后面时是发元音,所以y叫半元音字母)

th组合

[ θ ] think thank mouth three thirteen thirty

[ ] this that there their they mother brother

r音节

[ ?: ] turn nurse purse purple shirt worker her sir

[ ? ] father doctor mother worker

[ ] morning for four door all wall tall ball small

[ i? ] ear dear here zero really

[ e? ] pear hair where there their

[ u? ] sure

wh组合

[ h ] who whose

[ w ] where which what white

c

[ k ] can camera cat cap back chicken jacket ticket

[ s ] nice dance cinema

f

[ f ] off wife father fine find

[ v ] of wives over very

tw组合

11

[ t ] two

[ tw ] twelve twenty twin between

[ k ] school

[ tS ] chair touch watch teacher

[ dZ ] fridge orange jeep jacket

[ ts ] hats tickets skirts Kate’s aunt’s

[ dz ] beds hands friends birds

[ tr ] tree trousers

[ dr ] dress driver hundred bedroom

[ S ] shall she show shall sure

[ Z ] pleasure

n

[ n ] new next hundred dance aunt under orange

[ N ] think thank English uncle evening morning young

添的s

[ s ] jeeps caps cups cakes bikes desks

[ z ] apples pears chairs Tom’s father’s sister’s

[ iz ] oranges nurses blouses (加了s后,原来不发音的e也发音了)

(添加的s的发音情况与原来的单词的末尾的发音有着密切的关系,末尾是清辅音[ p ]、[ k ]等就发清辅音[ s ],其余情况s都发浊辅音[ z ],也有[ iz ])

原有s

[ s ] nurse this yes bus Miss class dress

[ z ] nose his is these those please close

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