非谓语动词到底是什么？就是不能够做主语的动词的格式，只有三种格式，即：to do; doing; doing/done.
哪些非谓语格式可以做主语？to do； doing
to do 的用法：It be +adj +(for sb/ of sb) +to do sth
Tips: for sb 和 of sb 的区别：当adj 形容sb 的时候，用of sb。
当adj 形容to do sth的时候，用for sb。
Eg. It’s very important for us to reach destination tonight.
It’s very kind-hearted of them to do me a favor.
另：当adj 变成 no use/good；of little use/good; useless; not any use/good ,句式中的to do 就要变成doing。
Eg. It’s no good for you sitting too long.
It’s useless for me persuading him to accept our holiday plan.
非谓语动词作宾语的格式是什么？ to do； doing
非谓语作宾语研究的重点是什么？句子中谓语动词是什么，决定了宾语是用to do 还是doing。 哪些动词后接不定式to do？
决心学会想希望；decide/determine; learn; want; expect;
拒绝设法愿假装；refuse; manage; care; pretend;
主动答应选计划；offer; promise; choose; plan;
同意请求帮一帮；agree; beg/ask; help
考虑建议盼原谅；consider; advise/suggest; look forward to; excuse/ pardon;
承认推迟没法想；admit; put off/ delay; fancy;
避免错过继续练；avoid; miss; keep/keep on; practice;
否认完成就欣赏；deny; finish; enjoy/appreciate;
禁止想象才冒险；forbid; imagine; risk;
不禁介意准逃亡。Can’t help; mind; allow/ permit; escape.
另外：be used to; lead to; devote to/ apply to; go back to; stick to; object to; get down to; pay attention to; can’t stand; give up; feel like; insist on; thank you for; apologize for; spend time （in）同样要接doing 的格式。
某些动词后可以双接to do 和doing 的格式，但是意义不同。这些动词是哪些？
forget doing--- forget to do: 忘记做了与没做；
remember doing--- remember to do: 记得做了与去做；
regret doing---- regret to do:后悔做了与遗憾没做；
mean doing--- mean to do:意味着做了与打算去做；
can’t help doing--- can’t help to do:禁不住做了与不能去做；
try doing--- try to do:试着做了与努力去做；
关于like； love；prefer 的规定；
表示习惯性动作要用到doing； 表示具体性的动作要用到 to do。
经典例句：I like dancing but I don’t like to dance now.
Tips：would/should like to do 为固定的格式，表示愿意做什么事；
feel like doing 表示喜欢做什么
关于allow/ permit/ forbid/ advise 的规则
+ sb to do
Eg. This area doesn’t’t allow smoking!
My boss allows me to be late today.
表示“需要”怎么表达？need; require; want
eg. This computer need sto be repaired.
+ doing eg. This computer requires repairing.
eg. My boss wants me to repair the computer.
be worth doing/ n.
be worthy to be done/ of doing
eg. What you are doing is worth a good return.
The book is worthy to be read.
The book is worthy of reading.
Eg. We could do nothing but wait.
We had no choice but to wait.
Tips: 可以省略不定式符号“to”的还有：can’t choose but ; can’t help but; can’t but; had better; would rather
Eg. He can’t choose but stay on.
对于“how to do”的格式应该注意的问题：
可以做宾语补足语的非谓语动词格式是什么？to do和 done/doing
感官动词（watch, see, look at, notice, observe, hear, listen to）和使役动词“have”怎么来接宾语补足语？ 当宾语和宾补之间存在主动关系 若动作完成，就用do；
Eg. When I passed by the classroom I heard a little girl singing an English song.
I saw a little girl stepped into a sports store.
I had my hair cut.
I had my car being repaired.
Eg. Don’t let your child play with the matches.
Eg. Let the work be accomplished on time.
当宾语与宾补之间存在主动关系且动作正在进行：leave sb/sth doing
Eg. It’s wrong of you to leave the machine running.
当宾语与宾补之间存在被动关系且动作完成：leave sth done
Eg. The guests left most of the dishes untouched.
当宾语与宾补之间存在主动关系且表示将来的动作：leave sb to do
Eg. He left, leaving me to do all the rest work.
当宾语与宾补之间存在被动关系且表示将来：leave sth to be done
Eg. We hurriedly ended our meeting, leaving many problems to be settled.
have/get sth done：表示由别人去做sth，sth 和done 之间是一种被动且完成的状态。
Eg. I had my hair cut.
Tips: have sth done表示的意思还有 “遭受”的意味。
Eg. Tom had his leg broken while playing score.
have sb /sth doing 仍然表示由别人做什么，但是sb/sth 与do 之间表示的是主动且正在进行。 get sth/sb doing 表示“开始做”
eg. Our boss get us preparing the meeting of few days later today.
Tips: not have sb doing表示不能容忍别人做什么。
Eg. I won’t have you speaking like this to your dad.
get sb to do :表示主动且将来
Eg. My parents have me to study abroad.
a.动作表将来，若动作与被修饰的名词之间是主动关系，用to do； 若动作与被修饰名词之间是被动关系，用to be done。
E.g. The car to be bought is for her sister.
eg. He was the best man to do the job.
She was the first woman to win the gold medal for her country.
ability; chance; idea; fact; excuse; promise; answer; reply; attempt; belief; way; reason; moment; time. 分词作定语怎么用？
I’ve never seen a more moving film.
Things lost never come again.
The apartment being built is for the young teachers.
怎么区别 to be done，done， being done 作定语？
它们都是在表达非谓语动词与被修饰词之间的被动关系，但是表达的时间不同。 The question to be discussed at tomorrow’s meeting is a very important one.
The song being sung is very popular.
Have you read the novel written by Dickens?
表示目的，从in order to，so as to 而来：
Helen had to shout to make her heard.
表示结果，从only to do而来：
He hurried to the station to find that the train had left.
表示条件：To look at him, you would like him.
表示程度， 从enough to 或者too to而来
It’s too late to get it back.
I’m sorry to hear about your failure.
Noticing her new hair style, her mother got angry.
Having noticed sign, he parked his car in the pointed zone.
Given the chance, I will make a surprise.
Being stared by the audience, the blind singer showed his wonderful voice on stage.
分词与主语之间是动宾关系但先于谓语动词发生-having been done
Having been checked for several times, the paper is published finally.
The play ______ next month aims mainly to reflect the local culture.
A. produced B. being produced C. to be produced D. having been produced
解析：首先分析film 与选项中produce之间的关系，被动，然后根据next month 知道是将来的时间。
______, you need to give all you have and try your best.
A. Being a winner B. To be winner C. Be a winner D. Having been a winner
All of them try to use the power of the workstation ______ information in a more effective way.
A. presenting B. presented C. being presented D. present
1. The children talked so loudly at dinner table that I had to struggle _____.
A. to be heard B. to have heard C. hearing D. being heard
2. When asked why he went there, he said he was sent there _____ for a space flight.
A. training B. being training C. to have trained D. to be trained
3. There is nothing more I can try _______ you to stay, so I wish you good luck.
A. being persuaded B. persuading C. to be persuaded D. to persuade
4. Nowadays people sometimes separated their waste to make it easier for it _____.
A. reusing B. reused C. reuses D. to be reused
5. _______ the project in time, the staff were working at weekends.
A. Completing B. Having completed C. To have completed D. To complete
6. the children all turned _______ the famous actress as she entered the classroom.
A. looked at B. to look at C. to looking at D. look at
7. In order to improve English, _______.
A. Jenny’s father bought her a lot of tapes
B. Jenny bought a lot of tapes for herself
C. a lot of tapes were bought by Jenny
D. a lot of tapes were bought by Jenny’s father
8. I’ve worked with children before, so I know what ______ in my new job.
A. expected B. to expect C. to be expecting D. expects
9. Schools across China are expected to hire 5000 college graduates this year as short-term teachers, almost three times the number hired last year, _______ reduce unemployment pressures.
A. help B. to have helped C. to help D. having helped
10. We are invited to a party ______ in our club next Friday.
A. to be held B. held C. to holding D. holding
1.A.考查struggle to do 的用法，继而分析，hear和I 之间是被动关系。
2.D.放在句尾，考查非谓语动词做状语的格式，to be trained.表示为了被培训。
3.D.考查try to do 与try doing 之间的区别。考查I 和persuade 之间的关系为主动。
4.D. 考查it 所指代的waste 与reuse 之间的关系为被动，表将来。
5.D.放在句首表示考查做状语。to complete the project表示为了完成工程。
6.B. 考查turn to 表示转向，而不是求助于。所以表示目的，“去看”。
8.B.考查wh－ to do 的格式。
9C. 放在句尾，考查做状语的格式。to do 表示目的,,“为了帮助减少失业压力”
10.A. party .与hold 之间为被动关系。同时next Friday 提示用表示将来的格式。
1. European football is played in 80 countries, ______it the most popular sport in the world
A. making B. makes C. made D. to make
2. The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see ______the next year.
A. carry out B. carrying out C. carried out D. to carry out
3. The purpose of new technologies is to make life easier, _______it more difficult.
A. not make B. not to make C. not making D. don’t make
4. When I got back home I saw a message pinned to the doctor ______,“Sorry to miss you; will call later.”
A. read B. reads C. to read D. reading
5. I’v worked with children before ,so I know what ______in my new job.
A. expected B. to expect C. to be expecting D. expects
6. A computer does only what thinking people _______.
A. have it to B. nave it done C. have done it D. having it done
7. What worried the child most was ____to visit his mother in the hospital .
A. his not allowing B. his not being allowed
C. his being not allowed D. having not been allowed
8. Cleaning woman in big cities usually get ______by the hour.
A. pay B. paying C. paid D. to pay
prices of the same goods in two different supermarkets has caused heated debate among citizens.
A. compared B. comparing C. compares D. being compared
10. He sent me an e-mail _______to get further information.
A. hoped B hoping C. to hope D. hope
11._____is 1636, Harvard is one of the most famous universities in the United States.
A. Being rounded B It was founded C. Founded D. Founding
12. The ____boy was last seen ______near the East Lake.
A. missing, playing B. missing, play C missed ,played D missed ,to play
13. Tony was very unhappy for _______ to the party.
A. having not been invited B. not having invited
C. having not invited D not having been invited
14. Does your brother intend to study German? Yes ,he intends ________.
A. / B. to C. so D. that
15. He claimed _______in the supermarket when he was doing shopping yesterday.
A. being badly treated B. treating badly
C. to be treated badly D. to have been badly treated
16. To fetch water before breakfast seemed to me a rule________.
A. to never B never to be broken C. never to have broken D. never to be breaking
17. She asked me to help her, _____that she couldn’t move the heavy suitcase alone
A. only to realize B. realizing C. having been realized D. realized
18. Robert is said _______abroad, but I don’t know the country he studied in .
A. to have studied B. to study C. to be study D to have been studying
19. Let me tell you something about the journalists. Don’t you remember ______me the story yesterday?
A. told B. telling C .to tell D. to have told
20, There are five pairs ______,but I’m at a loss which to buy.
A. to be chosen B. to choose from C. to choose D. for choosing
21. ---Mum ,why do you always make me eat an egg every day?
---______enough protein and nutrition as you are growing up.
A. Get B Getting C To get D. To be going
22. The lady said she would buy a gift for her daughter with the_____.
A.20 dollars remained B. 20 dollars to remain C. remained 20 dollars D. remaining20 dollars
23. Will those ____the children from abroad come to the headmaster’s office?
A. teaching B. teach C. who teaches D. who teaching
24. While building a tunnel though the mountains,________.
A. an underground lake was discovered B. there was an underground lake discovered
C. a lake was discovered underground D. the workers discovered an underground lake
25. I meant ____,but when I was leaving I couldn’t find her anywhere.
A. to do B. to C. doing D doing to
26. _____more time, he’ll make a first-class tennis player.
A. Having given B. To give C. Giving D. Given
27.---Do you have any letters ______ today?
---I had my son _______it this morning .Thank you anyway.
A. post , to post B. posting ,post C. being posting , posted D. to be post ,post
28. He went to American _____some English as well as ____.
A. learning ,to travel B. learning, traveling C. to learn, travel D. to learn ,to travel
29. The party was a success ,but we thought it a pity not ______you.
A. to invite B. to be inviting C. to have invited D. to be invited
30. When I handed the report to John , he said that George was the person______.
A. to send B. for sending it C. to send it to D. for sending it to
答案：1 - 5 ACBDB 6 -10 ABCBB 11-15 CADBD 16-20 BBABB 21-25 CDADB 26-30 DDDCC 备注：此部分习题可在X计划题库系统中选择