Track 2 Name and place
Listen carefully andfill in each blank with proper answers.
1 My name is Mary Bhatt，B-H-A-T-T，and I am from Britain. 2 I am Kevin Green，K-E-V-I-N. I come from Scotland.
3 My name is Robert White. I am from Bristol University.
4 Hi，I am Jerry Grey，G-R-E-Y. I am from Edinburgh. Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland. It is well-known for its castles and International Art Festival.
5 My name is Sue Hansen，S-U-E. I come from Leeds.
6 My name is Peter Nixon, N-I-X-O-N. I am a professor in Liverpool University.
7 Hello，I am Richard Kahn, R-I-C-H-A-R-D, K-A-H-N. I come from Manchester.
8 I am David Smith from Belfast. Belfast is the capital city of Northern Ireland. It’s a beautiful city and is famous for its shipbuilding.
9 Hello, my name is John Lee，J-O-H-N.丨 am a dentist from Brighton General Hospital.
10 Hi，I am Chris Black, C-H-R-I-S. I come from Oxford University. Track 3 : What is your major?
Listen to the conversation and complete the information about each
Paul: Hello James, who are the two girls over there?
James: The girl with long hair is Cherry and the other one is Linda. Hi，Cherry and Linda, this is Paul from Greece.
Cherry: Hi, Paul, nice to meet you.
Linda: Hi. Nice to meet you, too. What do you study here?
Paul: I am studying Biology. How about you?
Cherry: My major is Accounting.
Linda: I am studying Engineering.
James: Cherry is from Australia and Linda comes from the United States. Track 4 : Self-introduction
Listen to four people introducing themselves and complete the missing information about each person.
1 Hello, my name is Anna Mandel, M-A-N-D-E-L. I come from Sheffield.丨 am a junior student in Sheffield University. I like playing tennis in my spare time.
2 I am Steve Green from Sydney. I work as a dentist in General Public Hospital. I like going to opera house to appreciate opera at weekends. I also like rock-climbing.
3 Hi，I am Charlie Block，C-H-A-R-L-I-E from Mexico. My major is Marketing.
4 My name is Alice Smith from England. I am a teaching assistant at
Birmingham University. I like collecting stamps in my leisure time. Track 5: Number dictation
Listen to the following numbers and write them down. 14 68 55 40 30 77 93 21
Track 6: Number dictation
Listen to the following numbers and write them down. 430 245 978 614 540 313 129 701
track 7: Number dictation
Listen to the following numbers and write them down. 0.6% 0.02% 4.2% 9.8% 6.9% 15.6% 2.004% 1.006%
track 8: What time is it?
Listen carefully and write down the correct time.
1 A: Excuse me，what time is the next train to Liverpool，B: Yes，it’s ten past nine.
2 A: What time does the movie finish，please?
B: It is twenty past three.
3 A: When will you finish your assignment today?
B: Maybe at ten o’clock.
4 A: Excuse me，can you tell me the time，please? B: I think it is five to five.
5 A: Do you have the right time，please?
B: Yes, it’s a quarter to seven. please?
6 A: When does the meeting begin?
B: Fourteen fifteen.
7 A: When does the supermarket close，please?
B: At five thirty.
8 A: What time is the next flight to Melbourne?
B: Twenty past eight.
9 A: Do you know when the TV programme finishes?
B: Yes，at fifteen forty.
10 A: Excuse me，what time does the Manchester train arrive? B: Eleven fifty.
Track 9: Telephone message
Listen to two conversations andfill in the missing information in the spaces below.
A: Good morning. 9463 5588.
B: Hello，may I speak to Thomson?
A: Oh，I am afraid he is not at home right now. Can I take a message? B: Er"” there is a Barbecue at Painter\s house on Saturday night. His address is Flat 6，42 South Street.
A: Flat 6，42 South Street, Saturday night.
B: And could you tell him to call me back before tomorrow morning? My phone number is 0845 5643.
A: 0845 5643, all right，sorry, who is calling?
B: Oh，I，m sorry ... my name is David.
A: OK, David. I will give the message to Thomson. Good-bye.
A: Good afternoon. 9926 1444.
B: Hello，could I speak to Professor Chris White?
A: I，m sorry. He is not in now，and would you like to leave a message? B: Yes，please, this is Leo Grey.
A: Is that G-R-E-Y?
B: Yes，that’s right，could you tell him that the conference will be held on Tuesday at 10:00 in lecture room 213.
A: Tuesday conference at 10:00 in lecture room 213.
B: All right.
A: And your number?
B: It is 3250 6831.
A: OK. I will give him the message.
B: Thank you. Good-bye.
Track 10: How much does this cost?
Listen carefully and write the price in the spaces below.
1 A: What’s the cost of the reference book?
B: That’s 16 pounds.
2 A: How much is that，please?
B: It’s 25 pounds.
3 A: Can you tell me how much the coat is，please? B: It’s 49 dollars.
4 A: What’s the price of the camera?
B: Only 299 dollars.
5 A: How much will it cost to post a letter? B: 50 pence.
6 A: Excuse me, what’s the price of the tomatoes? B: 66 pence.
7 A: How much is the coach fare to London? B: It’s 15 pounds 50 pence.
8 A: How much is the surfing club fee?
B: 25 pounds 60 pence.
9 A: Excusc me, what’s the price of a bottle of beer? B: 1 pound 80.
10 A: How much is the rent for one room? B: 50 pounds per week.
Track 11: Tell me the date
Listen carefully and choose the correct letter, A. B or C. 1 A: Mary，when does your sister come?
B: Monday, 30th January.
2 A: When does your school start?
B: 29lh August, oh, no, let me think，it is on 28th August.
3 A: Do you know when Valentine’s Day is?
B: 14th February.
4 A: When does the Art Gallery open?
B: 12th November.
5 A: When do you renew your book in the library?
B: Thursday, 7lh December.
6 A: When is the next bank holiday?
B: 4th June.
7 A: When does your project begin?
B: 3rd March.
8 A: When are you going to Seattle?
B: 7th October.
9 A: When is Mother’s Day this year?
B: 12th May.
10 A: Do you know when Halloween is?
Track 12 J3-T2-S2
Hello, everybody and welcome to this informal meeting about the University Helpline. The Helpline was set up ten years ago by the Students Union and it aims to provide new students to
the university with a service that they can use if they need information about practical areas of student life that they are unfamiliar with. Let me give you some examples of the type of help we can offer. We can provide information on financial matters; for example, you may feel that your grant is insufficient to see you through college life or you may have some queries regarding the fees you are paying if you are an overseas student. In both cases, the Helpline would be able to go through things with you and see what the outcome might be. Another area we can help
with is what we generally term the ‘domestic’ area; things such as childcare and the availability of nursery provision, for example, come under this. Then there’s ‘academic’ issues that may arise while you are in the early stages of your course that you may not know what to do about. You may wish to know more about essay deadlines, for example, or how to use the library - there are all kinds of questions you will find yourself asking and not knowing where to get quick answers from. The Helpline would be able to provide these. The last example I’ve given here is simply
termed ‘social’ - and yes, there is a lot of social life here! But you may have a particular interest you wish to pursue or you may wish to participate in outings or trips if you don’t know many people at the moment.
Track 13 J3-T2-S4
TUTOR:Right. Are we all here? OK. As you know, today Vivien is going to do a
presentation on the hat-making project she did with her class during her last
teaching practice. So, over to you, Vivien.
VIVIEN:Thanks. Um . . . Mr Yardley has asked me to describe to you the project I did as astudent teacher at a secondary school in London. I was at this school for six weeks and I taught a variety of subjects to a class of fourteen-year-old pupils. The project I chose to do was a hat-making project and T think this project could easily be adapted to suit any age.
Track 14 J7-T3-S1
AGENT: We'll fill in the personal details on this application form first, if that's OK? Yes, that's fine. Now, what's your name again? Anita Newman - that's N-E-W-M-A-N. And your address, Anita? I'm in one of the Halls of Residence for post-graduate students, you OK - that's easy. What's your room number there? Room B569 - no sorry I always get that wrong. I haven't been living there very long. Do you have any other skills? Typing, languages, that sort of thing? Well, I speak some Japanese. Right, I'll make a note of that. Now - let's see what else is available.
What do you think of administrative work? There is a position for an That sounds interesting. It's for 3 days a week - Monday, Friday and Saturday mornings. Interested? Mmm. I was hoping to have Saturdays free. But I need the work so . . . can you tell me what the job involves? Yes, sure. It says here that you'll be required to deal with student I'm sure I can handle all that without a problem. Great. Well, would you like me to arrange an interview for you? Say, Friday morning, around ten? Could we make it a bit later? Unfortunately, I've got something to do at ten. Would that be OK? Not a problem. Hope it works out for you Anita. Me too. And thanks for all your help.
JANICE:Hello ... Flagstone.
JON:Oh hello; is that Flagstone Properties?
JANICE:Yes that’s right.Flagstone here.How can I help you?
JON:Hello. I’m ringing just to make enquiries about renting a house. My name’s Jon Anderson. JANICE:Yes, Mr Anderson. What sort of thing were you looking for?
JON:Two-bedroomed house with garden.
JANICE:Well. .. yes, sir, that shouldn’t be any problem ... just to let you know that our main areas,the main areas
we deal with, are the city centre itself...
JON:City centre ... uh-huh.
JANICE:And the north suburbs.
JON:Oh well. . we were most interested in the Northern areas actually.
JANICE:Right... yes... What sort of price were you thinking of?
JON:Well... could you give me some idea?
JANICE:Certainly. It really ranges from￡250 per month.
JANICE:Yes, to about￡500 depending on a number of different factors.
JON:What does it depend on?
JANICE:Well, obviously the quality of the area. And then whether there’s a garden.
JON:Well, as I said, we’d want a garden.
JANICE:And a garage pushes up the price.
JON:Right... well, we wouldn’t necessarily need one. I think about￡350 a month
would be our limit.
JANICE:OK. Well.. . would you like to have a look at a couple of properties, sir?
JON:Yes, that’d be great.
JANICE:Looking at our files ... I think we’ve got two which might suit you ...
JON:Hang on. I’ll just get a pen. Right.
JANICE:OK. Well, there’s one on West Park Road which is￡325 a month.
JON:Are the bills included?
JANICE:Well, that one just includes the water bill.
JANICE:And the second house is in Tithe Road. I’ll just spell that for you ... OK?
JON:Got that. And how much is that one?
JON:380. Is that including water?
JANICE:No, I’m afraid not, but it does include the telephone rental.
JON:Oh well, that’s not too bad then. So,. ..
JANICE:So, when would you be available to see them?
JON:Well, I’ll be in town next week . . . say . . . Thursday?
JANICE:No, I’m sorry we don’t have any availability for Thursday. How about Wednesday afternoon?
JON:OK. That’s fine. Would 5.00 be OK?
JANICE:Yes, fine. 5.00 it is. Just come to the Flagstone Offices.
JON:Oh, before I forget. What sort of things do I need to get done ... to rent with you? JANICE:Well, the most important thing is a letter from your bank ...
JON:NOproblem . . .
JANICE:And then a reference letter from your employer.
JON:Yes, that’s OK.
JANICE:Great, and then we would need you to give 2 weeks’ notice of moving in ...
JON:Right... 2 weeks’ notice. And what about a deposit?
JANICE:That’s one month’s rent, whatever the amount is.
JON:OK. One month. Is that it?
JANICE:No, sorry, one more . . . you will have to pay for the contract.
JON:Oh yes. I’d forgotten about that. OK, fine. So I’ll start arranging those, and I’ll . . .
JANICE:... I’ll see you next week.
JON:Yes. Thanks very much. Bye.
MAN: Good morning, Synmouth Museum. Can I help you?
WOMAN: Oh yes. Good morning. I'm interested in the children's workshops and I'd like a little more information, please.
MAN: Do you mean the Art and Craft workshops?
WOMAN: Yes. A friend of a friend mentioned them-the children do painting and make models and so forth.
MAN: Yes, of course. Um, where to begin? First of all, as you probably know,
Examp WOMAN: Fine. And what about ages?
Well, all ages from five upwards are welcome, though we do ask that Q1 Fine. That wouldn't be a problem. What about cost? Well, I think you'll find them very reasonable. It's ￡ 2.50 a child, with 80 pence off for two or more children from the same family. Oh yes, very reasonable. And are they held in the main museum? Not exactly. They're nearby. Could you give me the full address? I don't know the area very well. Yes, it's Winter House. Right. And that's in Tamer Street. Could you spell that please? Q2 Lovely. And I do need to tell you that there's a security entrance, so you need button please, but don't worry, it's all clearly labelled. OK. And one more question-is parking available nearby? We're driving in from out of town. Q4 Saturday morning there are plenty of spaces there. It's right next door to the museum. And can I ask about booking places? Yes, and I must tell you, you really should book by calling the Q5 Oh, I'm sorry, should I have rung them instead of the main museum number? No, that's fine this time, please don't worry. But for future reference, I'll give you the direct number. It's two hundred-seven-six-five. Great, I've got that.
Track 17 J6-T3-S3
LUCY: Yeah, I suppose you're right again. 1'11 take some notes, shall I? So... Age Groups. Well. What do you think? Maybe twenty-five or under for one group, and forty-five or over for the other group? That should show up differences.
LUCY: OK. Next. How about the kind of music they like-let's give them some choices and then we can just tick boxes.
JACK: OK. Let's have pop, , folk, easy listening... What else? Q25 LUCY: Well, we should include Q26 JACK: OK. OK. And then we should have how they listen to music.
LUCY: The medium. Right. Let's include radio, CD-and then 1 guess there's TV. JACK: What about Q27 LUCY: Oh yeah, we should include live music of course.
JACK: OK, we're on a roll now! Next point could be about where they actually get their music.
LUCY: Q28 JACK: Yes, or download it from the Intemet.
LUCY: Right. That could be for recorded music. Then we need another section for live music. Where do they go for that?
JACK: OK. Let's say disco, pub, club, concert hall... Q29 LUCY: Or Q30 JACK: Not many of them in this city!
LUCY: OK. We'll leave that out then. So, what's left to do?
JACK: That's it. Well, now we can make a time-scale for doing it.
Track 18 J7-T1-S1
MAN: OK, I just have to fill this form out for you, So what date do you want to
book this for?
So, that's the Toronto Airport Shuttle to Milton. And this is for just one
Yes, just me, please. WOMAN: MAN： WOMAN:
MAN: WOMAN: MAN: WOMAN: MAN: WOMAN: MAN: WOMAN: MAN: WOMAN: WMAN: WOMAN: MAN: WOMAN: MAN: WOMAN:
Unit 5 Right. And you said your expected time of arrival was 11.30? So if I book of time to, you know, collect your baggage, maybe grab a coffee? Well, we'll take your flight details so you don't need to worry too much about that. Now, what about the fare? What sort of ticket do you want? One way or . . .? Yes, that'll be fine, provided I can book the return trip once I'm there. No problem -just allow a couple of days in advance to make sure you get a seat. And what's your name, please? Janet, Janet Thomson. Is that Thompson spelt with a 'p'? OK. And you'II be coming from the UK? What flight will you be travelling on? Right. Now, do you know where you'll be staying? We need to give the driver an address. Yes, it's called the Vacation Motel - and I think it's near the town centre. Anyway, the address is 24, Kitchener Street - that's KITCHENER Street. That's fine. Right, so that's $35 to pay please. Have you got your credit card number there? OK. Well, that seems to be everything. Have a good trip and we'll see you in Toronto next week! Yes, bye - oh, thanks for your help!
MAN: And what visits are planned for this term?
WOMAN: Right, well I'm afraid the schedule hasn't been printed out yet, but we have
confirmed the dates and planned the optional extra visits which you can also
book in advance if you want to.
MAX: Oh that's all right. If you can just give some idea of the weekend ones so I can,
you know, work out when to see friends, etcetera.
WOMAN: Oh sure. Well, the first one is St Ives. That's on the thirteenth of February and Q5
we'll have only sixteen places available 'cos we're going by minibus. And that's a
day in town with the optional extra of visiting the Hepworth Museum.
MAN: Oh right... yeah... that sounds good.
WOMAN: Then there's a London trip on the sixteenth of February and we'll be taking a
medium-sized coach so there'll be forty-five places on that, and, let's see, the
optional extra is the Tower of London. MAN[ Oh, I've already been there.
WOMAN: After that there's Bristol on the third of March. MAN: Where?
WOMAN: Bristol... B-R-I-S-T-O-L.
WOMAN: That's in a different minibus with eighteen places available, oh, and the optional
extra is a visit to the S.S. Great Britain.
WOMAN: We're going to Salisbury on the eighteenth of March and that's always a popular
one because the optional extra is Stonehenge, so we're taking the large coach with
MAN: Oh good.
WOMAN: And then the last one is to Bath on the twenty-third of March.
MAN: Oh yes. Is Bath the Roman city?
WOMAN: Yes, that's right, and that's in the sixteen-seater minibus.
MAN: And where's the optional visit?
WOMAN: It's to the American Museum - well worth a visit. MAN: OK, well that's great, thanks for all that...
WOMAN: My pleasure. By the way, if you want more information about any of the trips,
have a look in the student newspaper. MAN: OK.
WOMAN: Or, have a word with my assistant; her name is Jane Yentob-that's
MAN: Right, I've got that. Thank you very much for all your help.
WOMAN: You're very welcome. I hope you enjoy the trips.
Track 20 J4-T2-S1
PETER: OK, well, it looks like our plan is this: we'll go to see the painting you like first,
the Rembrandt, then have lunch and go on to the Castle after that, and then the
SALLY: OK. It says here that the roof of the Cathedral is really beautiful.
PETER: IS that right? What I really want to do at the Cathedral is climb the tower. The view is supposed to be spectacular.
SALLY: OK, well, that'll be more than enough for today. Then, tomorrow, let's go to the
Botanical Gardens and have a picnic. I want to sit by the river and watch the swans.
This city's famous for them.
Track 21 J7-T2-S2
Besides the boat tours, there are city buses. Two companies offer special services:
The Top Bus Company runs all its tours with a live commentary in English. Tours leave and Long Walk. This is a hop-on hop-off service and tickets are valid for 24 hours. For
further details call Top Bus on 0208 9447810.
The Number One Sightseeing Tour is available with a commentary in eight languages. last bus at around 7 pm. There are also Number One services with an
English-speaking . . .
Of course, those nearest the highway will be the worst hit, with heavy traffic noise as well as the noise from the light planes overhead. As you all know, the normal noise threshold for private housing is 55 decibels.
Track… 23 J4-T2-S1
SALLY: Oh, Peter, there you are. You've been ages. What kept you so long?
PETER: I'm sorry I'm so late, Sally. Have you been waiting long?
SALLY: Oh, (example)But it doesn't matter. I've had a coffee and I've been reading this guidebook for tourists. Sit down. You look very hot and tired. What would you like to drink?
PETER: I'd love a really or something. Will you have another coffee?
SALLY: Yes, I will. The waitress will be back in a moment. Why were you so
late? Did something happen?
PETER: Yes. You know I went to the bank to cash some travelers cheques?
Well, the exchange rate was looking healthy, but when I went to the teller,
they told me the (Q2) so they
couldn't do any transactions. They said the problem would be fixed in a few
minutes, so I waited. And then I started talking to another guy in the bank,
and I forgot the time.
SILLY: Oh, really? Someone you met in the bank? Does he work there?
.(Q3) His name's Henry, and he's
been here for a week, but he's moving on to Germany tomorrow. He's an
architect, and he's spending four weeks travelling around Europe.
SALLY: Just like us!
PETER: Yeah, just like us. He told me the names of some places where we
should eat. Great food, and not too expensive, he said. Oh, and he also gave
me this map of (Q4)He said he didn't need it any more. SALLY: That's useful. Pity he's moving on tomorrow. Ah, here's the waitress.
Let's order. Do you want anything to eat, or shall we just have a drink?
PETER: Well, I'm hungry, and we've got a lot of sightseeing to do, so let's just
Many believe that the story first began in America in 1877, when two friends were arguing
over whether a horse ever had all four feet or hooves off the ground when it galloped. To
settle the bet, a photographer was asked to photograph a horse galloping and the bet was
settled because you could see that ( Q31)
What was even more interesting was that if the photos were shown in quick succession the
horse looked like it was running-in other words' moving pictures'.
The person who became interested in taking the moving pictures to its next step was the
famous American inventor Thomas Edison. Actually, he didn't do the work himself but
rather asked a young Scotsman in his employ to design a system, which he did. Now this
young fellow was clever because the first thing he did was study other systems-primitive as
they were-of moving pictures and then(Q32) He designed a camera, a projection device and the film.
The system was first shown in New York in 1894 and was really very popular. Apparently
people lined up around the block to see the wonderful new invention. There were, however,
a couple of problems with the system. and only (Q33) one person at a time could see the film.
Well now, news of the new system in America travelled fast and (Q34) The single problem with all the systems was they couldn't really project the film onto a screen-you know, so more than one person could see it. , and they called their system the cinematographe which of course is (Q35) where the word cinema comes from. There were also two brothers in Germany who
developed a successful system and they called it a bioskop.
Well now, once the problem of projection had been solved, the next challenge for the inventors was to make the films longer and more interesting. A continuing problem at the
time was that the(Q36) Now this problem was solved by two American brothers. They developed the 'Lantham Loop', which was the simple addition of a third reel between the two main reels, and (Q37) with the result that the film stopped snapping.
Track… 25 J6-T4-S4
Well, most people think that lions only come from Africa. And you would be forgiven for thinking this, because in fact most lions do come from Africa. But this hasn't always been the case. If we go back ten thousand years we would find that there
were lions roaming vast sections of the globe. But now, unfortunately, only very small sections of the lions' former habitat remain.
My particular interest is Asiatic lions, which are a sub-species of African lions.(Q31)
At one time the Asiatic lion was living as far west as Greece and they were found from there, in a band that spread east through various countries of the Middle East, all the way to India. In museums, you can now see(Q32) lion on them. Most of them are dated at around 500 B.C. However, Europe saw its last
(Q33)Over the next nineteen hundred years the numbers of Asiatic lions in the other areas declined steadily, but it was only in the nineteenth century that they
disappeared from everywhere but India. So, how can you tell an Asiatic lion from an African lion, with which you're probably more familiar? Well, in general, Asiatic lions are not as big as African lions. The colour is more or less the same, but the
appearance of the mane is different-that's the hair around the lion's face and neck. The Asiatic lion's mane is noticeably shorter than the African lion's. (Q34)
Track 26 …J3-T2-S1
STUDENT: But how do I find the Main Hall?
RECEPTIONIST: Right; if you look on the back of the booklet I gave you, you’ll see a map of the school. Let me show you. Look: you came in through the Main Entrance, here, and now we’re here at Reception. Now, to get to the Main Hall, you walk on to the end of this corridor in front of you and then you turn left.
RECEPTIONIST: Yes, that’s right.
STUDENT: I should be able to find that. And do you have a Computer Laboratory?
RECEPTIONIST: Yes, we do.
STUDENT: Could you tell me where that is?
RECEPTIONIST: Certainly, yes. (Q8) OK?
STUDENT: And where’s the staff room, in case I need to find a teacher at some stage?
RECEPTIONIST: (Q9) In a day or two, I’m sure you’ll find your way around very easily.
STUDENT: Oh, one last thing. Is there a student common room?
RECEPTIONIST: Oh yes, I forgot to mention that. There’s tea and coffee facilities there.
STUDENT: Great. Thank you very much.
RECEPTIONIST: You’re welcome.
Track 27 ….. J7-T2-S2
Thank you for calling the Tourist Line. There are many different ways of
getting round the city and we’d like to suggest some you may not have
How about a city trip by boat? There are four main stopping
points—from west to east: stop A Green Banks, (Q11)
stop C Roman Landing and
Track… 28 J4-T2-S3
ROSA: Oh, there you are, good. Sorry I'm a bit late - there was a
long queue. So, have you worked out how to deal with this
MICK: Not yet, we've only been here a couple of minutes ourselves.
ROSA: Can you just remind me what the task is exactly?
PETE: Well, there are two, no, three, parts to it: first, we've got to
write an essay about ways of collecting data. Then...
ROSA: What's the title of the essay exactly?
MICK: I've got it here: 'Assess the two main methods of in social science research'.
ROSA: And how much do we need to write?
MICK: (Q22) words. That's for the essay. Then, for
the second part of the assignment, we have to choose one method
of data collection, and 'carry out a small-scale study, making
appropriate use of the method chosen to gather data from at least ROSA: And then we have to write a report on the study?
PETE: That's right, of (Q24) words.
ROSA: Maybe I'd better go through the article again, just to be sure.
Can you remember what it was called?
MICK: 'Sample Surveys in Social Science Research', I think. By
ROSA: M-E-H-T-A ?
MICK: Yeah. And he also recommended a more recent book,
called (Q28) by Bell, I think. It's in that series
PETE: And if we tried to use interviews instead, I saw a book in
the departmental library that'll be helpful: it's called 'Interviews
ROSA: Right. I've got a tutorial now. Can we meet up again later this
week? What about Friday morning?
PETE: Suits me. Eleven o'clock?
MICK: Before Friday, I think we should all look through the reading
Track 30 …J3-T4-S4
The construction of the houses has to be somewhat modified from houses in most areas. In the
houses on the highway and in the noisiest areas of this site there will be a need for specialized
double glazing and (example) All exterior
doors in this especially noisy pocket will have to be solid core wood doors with hinges. Every
house built on this site, not just those adjacent to the highway or nearest to the airport, will
require high density insulation materials in the roof. Not only will all the roofs need insulating,
the exterior walls will be required to be double brick. to be used in the construction. In the noisiest areas (37) In those areas with sealed windows it will be
necessary to fit fans with absorbers to cut out the noise in those particular houses. (38) of such houses but this is substantially
more expensive than fans, and may not be needed on this site.
Track 31 …J4-T2-S1
PETER: Well, let's decide what we'll see today. I guess the best place to start is the Cathedral, and then the Castle. What are the opening times for those two?
SALLY: Well, according to this guidebook, the Cathedral is only open from nine-thirty in the morning until midday. No, hang on. That's the Cathedral Museum. The (Q6) The Castle is just open from one to five, so we can't go there until after lunch. I really want to spend some time in the Art Gallery, because they've got this wonderful painting by Rembrandt that I've always wanted to see.
PETER: What else should we see?
SALLY: Well, the guidebook says the Botanical Gardens are worth spending some time in, and they're open all day, from eight to six, so we can go there any time. I'd like to go to the Markets near the river too, but.., oh... no, wait, that's only in the mornings, too.
PETER: As well as today and tomorrow, we can see some other places on Monday, you know. , so we've missed them for this week. Maybe we should go to the Cathedral today because it's Sunday tomorrow, and even though it's open every day it might be more difficult to get in tomorrow because of the church services.
SALLY: That's true, but the Art Gallery isn't open on Sundays at all, so we'll have to go there today. The Castle's open every day except Mondays, so we're OK there, and the Gardens of course only close at night.
PETER: Are all these places free or do we have to pay to go in?
What does the guidebook say?
(Q8)Oh, and the Markets, of course you don't pay to go in.
Good day, ladies and gentlemen. I have been asked today to talk to you about the urban landscape. There are two major areas that I will focus on in my talk: how vegetation can have a significant effect on urban climate, and (Q31) for us to live in. Trees can have a significant impact on our cities. They can make a city, as a whole, a bit less windy or a bit more , if that's what you want. They can make it a bit cooler if it's a hot summer day in an Australian city, or they can make it a bit more if it's a dry inland city. On the local scale-that is, in particular areas within the city-trees can make the local area (Q34), cooler, more humid and much less windy. In fact trees and planting of various kinds can be used to make city streets actually lessdo all that, you ask? Well, the main difference between a tree and a building is a tree has got an internal mechanism to keep the temperature regulated. It evaporates water through its (Q36) and that means that the temperature of the leaves
is never very far from our own body temperature. The temperature of a building surface on a hot sunny day can easily be twenty degrees more than our temperature. Trees, on the other hand, remain cooler than buildings because they sweat. This means that they can humidify the air and cool it - a property which can be exploited to improve the local climate. Trees can also help break the force of winds. The reason that high buildings make it windier at level is that, as the wind goes higher and higher, it goes faster and faster. When the wind hits the building, it has to go somewhere. Some of it goes over the top and some
goes around the sides of the building, forcing those high level winds down to ground level. That doesn't happen when you have trees. Trees (Q38) preventing those very large strong gusts that you so often find around tall buildings. Another problem in built-up areas is that traffic noise is intensified by tall buildings. By planting a belt of trees at the side of the road, you can make things a little quieter, but much of the vehicle noise still goes through the trees. Trees can also help reduce the amount of noise in the surroundings, although the effect is not as large as people like to think.
noise, in particular, just goes through the trees as though they aren't there. Although trees can significantly improve the local climate, they do however take up a lot of
space. There are root systems to consider and branches blocking windows and so on. It may therefore be difficult to fit trees into the local landscape. There is not a great deal you can do if you have what we call a street canyon - a whole set of high-rises enclosed in a narrow street. Trees need water to grow. They also need some sunlight to grow and you (Q40) to put them. If you have the chance of knocking buildings down and replacing them, then suddenly you can start looking at different ways to design the streets and to introduce...