Module 3 Unit 1
The world of our senses
Step I. Summary of the text
故事发生在一个大雾笼罩的傍晚。Polly 本打算象往常一 样乘公交车回家, 到了车站时，她发现雾太大了,公交车开 不了那么远.她决定听从售票员的建议乘地铁到格林公园 站，然后改乘出租车. 但是当她到达格林公园站时，车站 出口空无一人并且哪儿也找不到一辆出租车.她只好步行 回家.由于雾太大，在途中她只能听到脚步声但看不到人。 为此她的心吓得砰砰跳.更糟糕的是，她发现自己迷路了。 幸运的是，一个盲人提出帮忙。他拉着Polly的手，领着 Polly穿过了浓雾笼罩的街道到了家.Polly非常感激想对他 亲自表示感谢。
故事发生在一个大雾笼罩的傍晚。Polly 本打算象往常一样乘公交 车回家, 到了车站时，她发现雾太大了,公交车开不了那么远.
The story happened on a foggy evening.Polly had intended to take her usual bus home, but when arriving at the bus station, she found the fog too thick for the bus to run that far.
She decided to follow the conductor’s advice that she should take an underground train to Green Park and change it for a taxi.
But when Polly arrived at Green Park , the station entrance was deserted and a taxi was nowhere to be found. She had to walk home in the fog.
Due to the thick fog, on the way she could only hear the footsteps but nobody was in sight,so her heart was beating with fear. What was worse, she found herself losing her way.
幸运的是，一个盲人提出帮忙。他拉着Polly的手，领着 Polly穿过了浓雾笼罩的街道到了家.Polly非常感激她想对 他亲自表示感谢。
Luckily, a blind man offered help. He took Polly’s hand ,leading her through the foggy street to her house. Polly was so grateful that she wanted to express her thanks to him personally.
The story happened on a foggy evening. Polly had intended to take her usual bus home, but when arriving at the bus station, she found the fog too thick for the bus to run that far. She decided to follow the conductor’s advice that she should take an underground train to Green Park and change it for a taxi. But when Polly arrived at Green Park , the station entrance was deserted and a taxi was nowhere to be found. She had to walk home in the fog.
Due to the thick fog, on the way she could only hear the footsteps but nobody was in sight,so her heart was beating with fear. What was worse, she found herself losing her way. Later a blind man offered help. He took Polly’s hand and led her through the foggy
street to her house. Polly was so grateful that she wanted to express her thanks to him personally.
1.sense sensitive sensible sensor
2.fog foggy 3.deserted desert 4.soft soften 5.second secondly secondary
6.freeze freezing frozen
7.confidently confident confidence
8.deeply deep depth deepen 9.impossible possible possibility 10.accept acceptable 11.change changeable exchange
Step II phrases
1. 视觉/嗅觉/ 味觉 /触觉/听觉
the sense of sight/ smell/ taste/touch/ hearing make great achievements be covered in thick fog
that far/ a fog this bad/ 4. 那么远/ 这么糟糕的雾/ weather that bad 那么恶劣的天气
take an underground train to some place
glance at the watch wish for/ hope for hold sb. still stare up at watch out for the steps get across the road
11. 紧紧地抓住某人的手hold one’s hand firmly 12. 过马路
get sth. across to sb.
pay back the help
be frozen with fear
15. 向某人表达谢意 express one’s thanks to
16. 联系某人 17. 有意义/道理 18. 充分利用
contact sb. make sense
make the most of
be stressed can’t help doing sth.
20. (费力地)前进 make one’s way to sp.
21. 情不 自禁
22. 看不到… 23. 突然
lose sight of
all of a sudden
fly sth. to some place be grateful/ thankful to sb.for 25.对……感激 sth.
24.空运某物去某处 26.在环境中生存下来 survive
in a panic
hit sb. on the nose stick …into
6. glance at / stare at / glare at
1) The two boys were so angry that they ___________ glared at each other as if to fight. 2) It is bad manners to _________ stare at other people. 3) He ____________________ his watch and found it was glanced at already 12 o’clock.
watch a film/ a match/ TV
watch your weight/ your mouth/ your step
Watch/ Look out for the dog; Don’t get close to it. It may bite you.
on watch are watching The police ______ ______________________the house.
At the news, we jumped with joy/ were wild with joy. 2) 他的脸气红了.His face went/turned red with anger 3) 冷的发抖 tremble /shake with cold
4) 吓淌汗/ 发抖
sweat/ tremble with fear
18.充分利用： make the most of make the best of _____________________/__________________ __________________ make full use of
Your success depends on the use that you make of time.
Who can tell what new use man will ____ of computers in the fut
ure? A. do B. make C. get D. have
21. can’t help doing sth / can’t help but do sth. /
can’t but do / can’t resist doing
can’t help (to) do sth 1) Seeing the pyramids, people can’t help wondering how the ancient Egyptians built them without machines. 看到金字塔，人们情不自禁想知道古埃及人没有机器如 何建金字塔的．
Sorry. I can’t help to watch over your clothes. I have to leave.
I can’t but follow his advice.
27. panic n./ v. panicked/ panicked
cause ( a ) panic be in a panic get into a panic
The sound of a gun rang out and the crowd panicked were in a panic _____________. /_________________.
28. strike /hit /beat … in the face
strike /hit /beat … on the head/ the nose/shoulder/back
catch/seize/grasp … by the arm take sb. by the hand lead … by the nose 1) 在黑暗中，一个人突然抓住了我的膀子。
All of a sudden, in the dark someone caught me by the arm.
I led/took the blind man by the hand and helped him get across the road.
29.stick n. a walking stick v. stick to … be stuck in… 1) The doctor stuck a nail into his head. 医生用针刺入他的头部． 2) Stick a stamp onto the envelope and then post it. 在信封上贴上邮票再把信寄出． 3)When you are on a bus, don’t stick your head or hands out of the windows. 坐车时别把头或手伸出窗外
4) 坚持理论／观点/诺言/规则／决定/ 岗位 stick to a theory/ an opinion /a promise a rule/ a decision/ one’s post 5) 他坚持的方法证明是错误的。 The method he stuck to proved (to be) wrong. 6) 车被陷在雪里／泥泞里． The car was/ got stuck in the snow /mud.
Step III Key words 1.当她观察着车上的乘客时，她感觉到有一个穿黑色外套 的男人在注视着她。
When she observed the passengers on the train, she sensed that she was being watched by a tall man in a dark coat.
sense v. Sensing ______danger, they started to run.
sense n. 感觉，感官，意义，理解力 1)安全感/幽默感/责任感/方向感/节奏感/成就感 a sense of safety/ humour / direction / rhythm/achievement 2)五个感官：视觉/嗅觉/ 味觉 /触觉/听觉 the sense of smell / touch / hearing/sight/taste
3)有意义/有道理/讲得通 make sense 4)弄懂…意思,理解 make sense of 5)做某事没有意义 There is no sense in doing sth. 6)在某种意义上/ 从任何意义上说in a sense / all sens
It is common sense to observe the
In no sense _____________can the problem be said to be solved.
9）我弄不懂这句子的意思. 好象句子读不通. I can’t ______________the sentence. It seems that it make sense of ____________________________. does
n’t make any sense
observe v. 观察，注意到，遵守，庆祝
observe +n + do / doing /done observe + that….
His neighbor observed a stranger go /going into his house.
observe/ notice / watch 1) The scientist ___________ observed ants to find how they
communicate with each other. watched the train until it disappeared in the 2)They __________
/watching 3)I sat in the corner,observing _______________ what was going on. 4) Have you ____________________ anything unusual? observed/ noticed
5) Do they ______________ Christmas Day in this country? observe
She could feel her heart beating with fear.
fear n./ v. fear sth. fear to do sth. fear that … 惟恐 for fear of + n. in fear 惊恐地 for fear that + 从句 with fear 由于害怕
Experts fear that this disease will break out again. 2)那个小偷害怕出去惟恐被警察发现。 The thief feared to go out for fear that he would be found by the police.
●beat/ win / defeat 1) Do you think who will ______ win the match? beat / defeated the 2) In the war, the British army ______________ French army. ●beat/ strike/ hit struck/ hit him on the nose. 1) He was so angry that he ___________ 2) The boy was __________ beaten black and blue all over. Strike the iron while it is hot. 3) ______ 4) An big earthquake ____________ struck/ hit Sichuan Province on May 12. 5) When I got there, the clock had __________ struck 10 and people had left the church.. .
were beating the rocks ; the birds 6) The waves ____________ were beating their wings and the people were enjoying ______________
themselves on the beach. 7) I lay on the bed, listening to the rain beating ______ the window. struck 8) What _____________ us most was the beauty of the
valleys and springs.
struck a match to light the room so 9) In the dark, he ________ that he could see everything clearly. 10) Then a practical idea _________________ me, that is , I struck/hit
struck on /hit on __________________________a practical idea.
beat (beat ; beaten) v. 赢，打败某人(defeat)；击打，敲打； （心脏、 鼓、翅膀等）作节奏运动
strike (struck; struck) v/n 撞击，击打；突然想起；擦、划（火柴）； 罢工；敲，报时；给（某人以）印象
hit (hit; hit) v.击，打；打击, 危害; 击球 n. 成功而风行一时的人或作品
He adds that this year scientists will test another 60 volunteers
The visitors expressed satisfaction with the visit, ___________ that he would come adding again.
add to / add…to / add up to
1)Travel is to ________ add to one’s knowledge.
2)If the tea is too strong, _____ add some hot water to it. added up to 3)The money they had raised _____________ 20,000 dollars.
e Great Wall has ____________ been added to since
Step III Sentence Structures 1.*Suddenly Pollyfelt _______________________________ a rough hand brush her face (感觉到一只粗糙的手轻拂她的脸) and she heard a man’s voice in her ear saying ______________________________________________ (听到一个男子的声音在她耳边说) :‘Sorry’． feel her heart beating with fear. *She could _________________________________ (感觉到她的心吓得在砰砰跳.) found herself staring up at a man *Polly_________________________________________
standing with his hand resting on her arm.
1. see/ observe / watch/
notice / hear / feel
find+n.+ doing / done
running 1)I suddenly found myself ___________(run) down the street.
2) 20 years later, he returned to his hometown, only to find it greatly ____________( changed change). 3) --Did you hear someone ____________(knock) at the knocking door just now? 4) The bomb was heard ____________( to explode explode). It was a tremendous noise.
-- Yes, I did. I heard him ________( knock knock) three times.
2.比较：It gives me the chance to pay back the help that people give me when it’s sunny. The chances of being attacked by a shark are very small compared to other dangers. chance ① 机会 the chance of doing / to do… ② 可能性 There is a chance of…../ that….. The chance is that…. ( The ) Chances are that…
(1)你再没有去那里的机会了。 You won’t have another chance of going/ to go there. _______________________________________________ 2)我们去拜访时，有可能他不在． When we visit him , ______________________________ there is a chance that he is out. ( the ) chances are that he is out / ______________________________________. 3)今天下雨的可能性不大。
There is no chance of rain today. There is no chance that it will rain today. ( The ) chances are that there is no rain today.
3.Don’t be frightened by sharks because _________________________________________________ there is 30 times greater chance of being hit
by lightning than being attacked by shark.
1) A + be + 倍数 + as + 形容词原级 + as + B.
2) A + be + 倍数 + 形容词比较级 + than + B 3) A + be + 倍数 + the size/length/width/
depth / height + of + B
4) …+ 倍数+ what 从句
1)演讲大厅是我们教室的4倍大 The lecture hall is four times as large as our classroom The lecture hall is three times larger than our classroom. The lecture hall is four times the size of our classroom. 2)这个工厂今年的汽车产量是10年前的三倍。
In this factory, the production of cars this year is three times what it was 10 years ago.
Step V Exercises [I] Multiple choices:
1.When shopping many people can’t help _____ into buying things they don’t really need
A. persuading C. to persuade B. being persuaded D. to have been persuaded
2. __he has received two letters. In the ____ one was written the news that his ___ uncle left him a gift. A.Lately; latter; late B. Late; lately; latter; C. Latter; lately; late D Lately; latter; latest
3. Smiles ____ on his faces at the sight of a____ girl lying on the bank on a ____day. A.froze; frozen; freezing
B. freezing ;froze; frozen;
C. freeze ; froze; freezing D. froze; freezing ; frozen 4. He got to the station early, ______ missing his train. A. in case B. instead of C. for fear of D. in search of
5. Such good use has been _____ his spare time _____ his English has improved a lot. A. made of; that B. made of; as C. made from; that D. made up of, that 6._______ you eat the correct foods _______ be able to keep fit and stay healthy. A. Only if; you will B. Unless ; you will C. Only if; will you D. Unless ; will you
7. The matter ______ your fate cannot be taken for granted. A. relating to C. relating in B. related with D. relating with
8. – I like this jacket better than that one, but it costs almost three times ____. A.as much B. as many C. so much D. so many
9. What’s the __ of having a public open space where you can’t eat, drink, or even simply hang out for a while ? A. sense B. matter C. case D. opinion 10. After several years of negotiation, an agreement between the two countries is finally _______. A. at sight B. out of sight C. in sight D. on sight
11.Don’t leave the chemical in places within
the ___ of little children.
A. hand B. reach C. space D. distance
12.Though having lived abroad for years, many Chinese still ___ the traditional customs. A. perform B. possess C. observe D. support
13._____ to the impressiveness and beauty of Changling is the Ling’en Palace. A. Adding to B. Adding up to C. Added to D. Added up to 14.---Can you lend me one thousand yuan to buy a Mp4? ---Sorry, but I don’t have_________ much money. A. too B. such C. very D. that
15.Don’t take too much of the medicine; it does you more harm than good if you____. A.do B.take C.like D.have
[II] Fill in the blanks with the phrases given, paying attention to the correct form:
add to, can’t help,
be frozen with, be related to, make sense, wish for, all of a sudden,
make great progress,
watch out for, in sight
1. It is said that John _______________ is related to this murder case. 2. It ________________ to make the most of your makes sense time. in sight 3. Another rich harvest is ____________, so all the farmers are very happy. watch out for 4. What problems should I __________________ when buying an old house? adds to the beauty of the park. 5. The lake __________
6.When the 5-star flag was gradually rising, many couldn’t help athletes _______________being moved to tears. 7. She shut her eyes and _______________ wished for him to get better. All of a sudden 8. _________________, someone grabbed me around the neck.
made great progress 9. By 2007
, the governmenthad _____________________ in controlling inflation . 10.When she saw a dog coming at her, she was frozen with fear. ________________
[II] Complete the following sentences according to the Chinese given: 1.财富与成功往往与努力相关。 (be related to)
As is often the case, wealth and success are related to hard work.
The dictionary is exactly five times more expensive _________________________than that one.
Many people are in favor of the former method but I prefer the latter one personally.
Hearing the news, we couldn’t help crying, but we couldn’t help solve the problem.
5.别灰心，胜利即将到来。 (in sight)
Don’t lose heart; victory is in sight.
6.当街上人们一片混乱恐慌时,哪儿也找不到警察.( panic) When the people on the street were in (a) panic, the police were nowhere to be found.
A woman feared to walk alone in a deserted street at night. 8. 如今由于激烈的竞争人们压力很大。（stress）
Nowadays people are stressed due to fierce competition.
[IV] Writing Write a short passage with the words and phrases given:
can’t help doing, the chance, make sense,
add to, be stressed, look forward to, make progress, make the most of , for rear
当前，一些青少年沉溺于网络虚拟世界中。放 学后进网吧通常是他们不由自主做出的第一选 择。甚至在学校, 他们也在想着那儿的疯狂时光。 在这种情况下, 他们很有可能会变成坏孩子,为此 家长和老师感到压力大，害怕他们变坏。为了 避免这一点,学校和家庭应给予适当指导。对老 师来说, 鼓励他们充分利用网络是有道理的，因 为这会增添他们对学习的兴趣并开阔视野，从 而帮助他们取得进步。但同时, 应让他们谨慎接 触网络以防有害信息的危害。
当前，一些青少年沉溺与网络虚拟世界中. 放学后进网 吧通常是他们不由自主做出的第一选择. 甚至在学校, 他 们也在想着那儿的疯狂时光.
Nowadays, some teenagers are addicted to the Internet virtual world. Going to an Internet cafe after school is usually their first choice they can’t help making. Even at school they are looking forward to such crazy hours there.
在这种情况下, 他们很有可能会变成坏孩子,为此家长和 老师感到压力大害怕他们变坏. 为了避免这一点,学校和 家庭应给予适当指导.
In this case the chance is that they will become bad children. Their parents and teachers will feel terribly stressed for fear of their ruin . To avoid this, both school and families should give these teenagers proper guidance.
这会增添他们对学习的兴趣并开阔视野， 从而帮助他 们取得进步。 但同时, 应让他们谨慎接触网络以防有害 信息的危害。
For teachers, it makes sense to encourage them to make the most of the Internet .This will add to their interest in their studies and broaden their horizons, thus helping them make progress. But they should be made to have cautious access to the Internet to avoid some harmful information.
Some teenagers are addicted to the Internet virtual world. Going to an Internet cafe after school is usually their first choice they can’t help making. Even at school they are looking forward to such crazy hours there. In this case the chance is that they will become bad children. their parents and teachers will feel terribly stressed for fear of their ruin . To avoid this, both school and families should give these teenagers proper guidance. For teachers, it makes sense to encourage them to make the most of the Internet. This will add to their interest in their studies and broaden their horizons, thus helping them make progress.But they should be made to have cautious access to the Internet to avoid some harmful information..