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一般疑问句和特殊疑问句_讲解及练习

发布时间:2014-01-24 11:00:37  

一般疑问句

在英语的学习中,一般疑问句的转换及回答是经常碰到的问题,现在我们就来探讨一下有关一般疑问句的问题。

一、什么是一般疑问句

用Yes或No作答的疑问句叫一般疑问句。

一般疑问句还有下列特点:

1、以be动词、助动词或情态动词开头;

例:Is your father a teacher?

Does Catherine like animals?

Can Jenny speak French?

2、往往读升调;

3、译成汉语,都可以带上“吗”,例如上面三句可分别译为:

你父亲是老师吗?

凯瑟琳喜欢动物吗?

詹妮会说法语吗?

二、例何将陈述句变成一般疑问句?

要将陈述句变成一般疑问句,可以遵循下列步骤:

1.看句中有没有be动词(am、is、 are、 was、 were)、助动词(do、does、did、 have、 had)或情态动词(can、must、will、may等),如果有,将其提到句首,句末打上问号即可。 例:

It was rainy yesterday.→Was it rainy yesterday?

Tom's father can play the piano.→Can Tom's father play the piano?

I have finished my homework.→Have you finished your homework?

2.如果句中没有be动词、助动词或情态动词,则根据谓语动词的形式借助do的相应形式放在句首。具体方法是:如果谓语动词是原形,则借do;如果谓语动词是一般现在时第三人称单数形式,则借does;如果谓语动词是过去式,则借did. 需要注意的是,借does或did后,原句的谓语动词要变回原形。

例:

They go to school by bike.→Do they go to school by bike?

Bill gets up at 6:30 every day.→Does bill gets up at 6:30 every day?

The students saw a film yesterday.→Did the students see a film yesterday?

三.陈述句变一般疑问句应注意的事项

陈述句变成一般疑问句除了遵循上述规则以外,还应注意下列几点:

1.如果陈述句中有第一人称,则变问句时最好要变为第二人称。

例:

I usually have lunch at school.→Do you usually have lunch at school?

My father is playing soccer.→Is your father playing soccer?

2.如果陈述句中有some, 则变问句时往往要变成any 。

例:

There is some water on the playground.→Is there any water on the playground?

3.复合句变一般疑问句通常只变主句,从句不变。

例:

I know he comes from Canada. →Do you know he comes from Canada?

4.如果句中含有实义动词have且表示“有”时,除借do外,也可将其直接提到句首。 例:

I have some friends in America.→Have you any friends in America?/Do you have any friends in America?

四.一般疑问句的回答

一般疑问句往往采用简短回答,共由三部分(三个单词)组成,对这三部分(三个单词)的确定可以概括例下:

1.第一个词:不是Yes就是No。(有时根据语气的不同,Yes可由Sure, Certainly, Of course等代替.NO可由sorry 代替.)

2.第二个词:问谁答谁。即答语中的主语须与问句的主语一致(但必须用主格代词)。 例:

Does she clean her room every day? Yes, she does.

Is Anna′s father a doctor? No,he isn′t.

如果主语是 this that,回答时用 it 代替,如果问句中主语these, those,回答时用 they′ 代替。

3.第三个词:用什么问,用什么答。即沿用问句中的引导词。

Can Jim play soccer? Yes, he can./Does Mr Bean speak English? Yes, he does.

需要注意问题:(1).用 may 引导的问句,肯定回答用may,否定回答用 can′t 或mustn′t,用 must 引导的问句,肯定回答用 must,否定回答用needn′t.

例:

May I go to the park now? Yes, you may. /No, you mustn′t.

Must I wash my clothes now? Yes, you must. /No, you needn′t.

4.用No开头作否定回答时,结尾要加上 not。因为回答必须是三部分,所以否定回答必须缩写,而肯定回答不能缩写。

例:

Did Thomas come here yesterday? Yes, he did./ No ,he didn′t.

Is Lin Lin in Class 3? Yes, she is. / No, she isn′t.或(No, she′s not)

1. His father is an English teacher. 10. Mrs. Li and Kitty are in a big shop.

2. These cats are crying. 11. Kitty is wearing her new uniform.

3. They can swim. 12. The boy under the tree is hungry.

4. I like to read English. 13. He goes to school every day.

5. I go to school on foot. 15. I want to have a model car.

6. He likes English. 16. She wants a cup of coffee.

7. His father goes to work by bus. 17.Mrs. Li and Kitty watch television at night.

8. He is crying under the tree. 18. I do my homework after school.

9.His birthday is on the twentieth of

November.

特殊疑问句

以疑问词开头,对句中某一成分提问的句子叫特殊疑问句。常用的疑问词有:what who whose which when where how why等。

特殊疑问句有两种语序:

1. 如疑问词作主语或主语的定语,即对主语或主语的定语提问,其语序是陈述句的语序:

疑问词(+主语)+谓语动词+其他成分?如:

who is singing in the room﹖

whose bike is broken﹖

2. 如疑问词作其他成分,即对其他成分提问,其语序是:疑问词+一般疑问句语序? 如: what class are you in﹖

What does she look like﹖

Where are you from﹖

What time does he get up every morning﹖

How do you know﹖

特殊疑问词+助动词+主语+动词原形+其他?

eg:Where do you do study English?

特殊疑问词+be动词+主语+其他?

eg:Why is your Mum so angry?

特殊疑问词+情态动词+主语+动词原形+其他?

eg:What can I do for you?

注意:

1.回答特殊疑问句时,不能用yes / no,即问什么答什么,尤其是简略回答。如: Who is from Canada﹖ Helen (is).

Where's the restaurant﹖ Near the station.

Why do you like koalas﹖ Because they are cute.

特殊疑问句练习题(一)

一、选择正确的单词填空

(who, where, when)

1._____ is that pretty girl? She is my sister.

2._____ are Jack and Tom? They are behind you.

3._____ do you go to school? I go to school from Monday to Friday.

4._____ has a beautiful flower? John has a beautiful flower.

5._____ are they? They are my parents.

6._____ is my mother? She is in the living room.

7._____ are you going? We are going to the bakery(面包坊).

8._____ do Jim and Wendy play ball? They play ball in the afternoon.

9._____ does he jog? He jogs in the park.

10._____ are you from? I'm from Changchun city.

二、就画线部分提问

1.He is my father.

2.They are under the tree.

3.I often watch TV after dinner.(晚饭后) 提示:饭后强调的是时间问题。

4.Lily swims in the swimming pool.(游泳池)

5.Superman flies in the sky.

6.I often brush my teeth in the evening.

7.Alan likes to play with Bill.

8.Joe's father plays badminton(羽毛球) every weekend.

9.The supermarket is near the school.

10.The laptop(笔记本电脑) is on the table.

11.Jennifer has a pair of earrings(耳环).

12.The flowers are in the flower pot(花盆).

13.My grandpa took us to the zoo.

14.I put the gold fish(金鱼) into the fish tank(鱼缸).

15.The monkey sleeps at night.

特殊疑问句练习(二)

一.用what time, what color, what day, what填空。

1. A: ______ _______ is it? B: It is nine o’clock.

2. A: ______ _______ does your mother get up? B: My mother gets up at 6:30.

3. A: ______ _______ do you go to bed? B: I go to bed at 10:00.

4. A: ______ _______ do Diana and Fiona have supper? B: Diana and Fiona have supper at 18:00.

5. A: ______ _______is it? B: It is purple.

6. A: ______ _______ is the sky? B: The sky is blue.

7. A: ______ _______ is your coat? B: My coat is black.

8. A: ______ _______ is the dog? B: The dog is white.

9. A: ______ _______ is today? B: Today is Monday.

10. A: ______ _______ is tomorrow? B: Tomorrow is Tuesday.

11. A: ______ _______ was yesterday(昨天)? B: Yesterday was Sunday.

12. A: ______ _______ do you like? B: I like red.

13. A: ______ is this? This is a computer(电脑).

14. A: ______ are you doing? B: We are playing basketball.

15. A: ______ does your mother do? B: My mother is a policewoman.

16. A: ______ are those? B: Those are peppers(辣椒).

17. A: ______ is in the box? B: A lovely doll is in the box.

18. A: ______ is on the table? B: The apple is on the table.

19. A: ______ is in the classroom? The blackboard is in the classroom.

20. A: ______ ______ ______? B: Mary is hungry.

21. A: ______ ______ ______ ______ ______? B: My favorite color is pink.

22. A: ______ ______ ______ ______? B: Nick is playing table tennis.

二.连线:(Match)

1. What’s on the chair?

2. How is your father?

3. What are these? A There is a book in the bag. B These are apples. C I go to school by bus.

4. What is in the bag?

5. How do you go to school?

6. How much is it?

7. What time is it?

8. When do you wash your face?

9. How many hands do you have?

10.When do you have lunch? D The radio is on the chair. E My father is fine. F I wash my face in the morning. G I have two hands. H It is four o’clock. I It is 5 RMB(人民币). J I have lunch at noon.

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