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PEP小学五年级英语上册知识点归纳及练习

发布时间:2014-01-24 11:53:29  

五年级上册英语知识点归纳及同步练习

Book 5 A Unit 1 My New Teachers

一. 知识点归纳

1 词汇

old 年老的

funny滑稽可笑的 四会: tall高的 kind和蔼的 亲切的

young年轻的 strict 严格的

short 矮的 smart 聪明的巧妙地

thin 瘦的 active 积极的活跃的

strong强壮的 安静的,文静的

who’s =who is谁是 what’s=what is是什么 lady 女士

Mr. 先生 like 像、喜欢

其他: very 非常 but 但是 三会 so much ,很非常

principal 校长 university student 大学生

’s =he is他是 she’s =she is 她 fun 有趣,逗笑 2 句型

(1) 询问人

----- Who’s your math teacher ? ----- Miss Zhao . 你们的数学老师是谁。是赵老师。 -----Who’s that woman ? -----She is my mother . 那个妇女是谁? 她是我妈妈。

(2) 询问人的外貌特征

-----What ’s he like ? ----- He ’s tall and strong . 他长什么样子? 他很高很健壮。 ----- Is she very old ? -----No ,she is very young .

-----Is he very short ? -----No, she isn’t . She is very tall .

(3) 询问人的性格特点

----- Is she very quiet ? ----- No ,she isn’t. She ’s very active .

她很文静吗? 不,她很活跃。

----- Is she very strict ? ----- Yes , she is . But she is very kind.

她很严厉吗? 是的。 但是她很和蔼。

1

Exercise For Unit 1

(一)写出下列词的反义词

young ___________ quiet _____________ tall ___________

strong _________ new ___________ long _________ strict _____________

(二)填上适当的单词使句子完整通顺。

1 A: ___________ is the girl ?

B: ___________ my sister .

3 A; _______ Tom’s father like?

B: _________ __________ thin and quiet.

4 A: Is your English teacher _________ ?

B: No, she _________ . She is short . _________ she is pretty.

4:Mr. Ma is not young .He is __________.

5 Miss Zhao is our math teacher . She is very ________ .But she is very kind .

(三) 补全对话

1 A:___________________________________________ ?

B: I’m fine .Thank you .

A: ___________________________________________?

B: She is my sister .

A: ___________________________________________?

B: No ,___________________ . She is very active .

2 A: ___________________________________________?

B: Miss White is my English teacher .

A: ___________________________________________?

B: She is very tall and thin .

A:____________________________________________?

B: Yes , she is very young .

A: ____________________________________________?

B: Yes ,___________________ .But she is very kind.

(四) 根据所给的信息完成句子。

1 What is man like ? ( 高个 ,瘦)

_________________________________________.

2 Is your English teacher very active ? ( 文静的)

___________________________________________.

3 Who’s that old woman ? ( 校长)

_________________________________________ .

4 Is Tom very thin ? ( 强壮)

2

__________________________________________.

纳思教育Book 5A Unit 2 My days of the week

一、 本单元知识重点:

词 汇

Monday ( Mon.) 星期一 Chinese (语文)

Tuesday ( Tue. ) 星期二 math(数学)

Wednesday (Wed.)星期三 subject English(英语)

week Thursday( Thu.)星期四 (科目) art(美术) Friday ( Fri.) 星期五 music(音乐) Saturday ( Sat.)星期六 P.E. (体育)

Sunday ( Sun.)星期日 science(自然科学)

do 做家庭作业 do housework 做家务事 watch TV 看

read books 读书 play ping-pong打乒乓球 on Saturday 电视 在星期六

What about…? …怎么样? play computer games玩电脑游戏

day天 have有;吃 too 也;太 on在…时候

句 型

1. 本单单元重点学习怎样问星期及怎样回答。

今天是星期几? What day is it today?

今天是星期一。 It’s Monday.

2.问星期的某天常干什么事及回答。

你星期六常干什么? What do you often do on Saturday?

我常做家庭作业. I often do homework.

你们星期三常上些什么课? What do you have on Wednesday?

我们上语文、数学和英语. We have Chinese math and English.

3. What about you? 那你呢? (用于来问别人同样的问题而又不重复前面的问句。)

4. John likes Mondays and Fridays, because he likes P.E.

3

Exercise

一、完成句子.

1. Today is Sunday. Tomorrow is _______________.

2. A: I clean the table and chairs, wash the plates, clean the floor, make the bed…

B: Oh, you do much _______________.

3. _______________ is it? It’s eight.

4. Mike _________ science on Monday.

5. _________________ is your P.E. teacher? Mr Black is our P.E. teacher.

6. The first day of a week is ___________.

7. The day before Sunday is ____________.

8. The day after Wednesday is ______________.

二、根据上下文补充所缺的句子。

1.A:

B:It’s nine o’clock.

2. A: What do you do on Saturdays?

B: ?

3. ?

B: We have art class and Chinese class.

4. ?

B: Today is Tuesday.

5. A: What’s Sarah’s father like?

6. A: ______________________________ ?

B: Yes, I can swim.

三、阅读短文,判断下列句子是否正确,是则定“T”,否则定“F”。

Hello! My name is Sarah. I’m an active girl. From Monday to Friday, I go to school. I like Tuesdays and Fridays, because I like P.E. classes and art classes. We have P.E. classes on Fridays and we have art classes on Tuesdays. I like my English teacher. She is short , but she is pretty. On Wednesday, I often play ping-pong with my classmates. It’s seven o’clock now. Oh, it’s time to do my homework.

( )1、Sarah is not a quiet girl.

( )2、Sarah likes music classes very much.

( )3、Sarah plays ping-pong with her teachers on Wednesdays.

( )4、It’s time to have P.E. class.

( )5、Sarah likes Tuesdays and Fridays.

4

纳思教育Book 5 Unit 3 What’s Your Favourite Food?

1. 所涉及的重点词汇有:

eggplant 茄子 sweet 甜的 vegetable tomato 西红柿 sour 酸的

(蔬菜) green beans 青豆 taste辣的

cabbage 卷心菜 (味道) salty 咸的

potato 土豆 fresh 新鲜的

carrot 胡萝卜 tasty 好吃的

onion 洋葱 healthy 健康的 cucumber 黄瓜 不健康的 chicken 鸡肉

pork 猪肉 breakfast 早餐

meat beef 牛肉 meals lunch 中餐

mutton 羊肉 (三餐) dinner/supper 晚

others (其他): tofu(豆腐) fish(鱼) fruit (水果) group (葡萄)

2. 所涉及的重点句型:

? -------- What would you like for breakfast/lunch/dinner? (你

中餐想吃什么)

-------- I’d like (some)…

? -------- What do you have for breakfast/ lunch/ dinner…(时间)?

(你… 吃什么)

-------- I have …

? -------- What does… have …? ( 第三人称 …… 吃什么?)

-------- He/ She has …

? -------- What’s your favourite food/fruit? (你最喜欢的食物/水果

是什么?)

-------- I like …(best). It’s / They’re …

-------- What about you? ( 你呢? )

? -------- Do you like …? ( 你喜欢……吗?) --- Does … like …? Yes, I do. They’re/ It’s … Yes, she/he does.

No, I don’t. They’re/ It’s … ’t.

-------- Me too. -------- I don’t like … They’re/ It’s…

? That sounds good. 听起来不错

5

Exercise For Unit 3

1. 根据句意和首字母,填入适当的单词。

1. P________, c_______ and b______ are meat.

2. I don’t like stawbrries because they’re s___________.

3. A________, b__________ and o________ are fruits.

4. What would you like for d____________?

5. I like beef, but I’m heavy now. I h_______ to eat v____________.

2. 补全对话。

Mike: ________________________________, Chen Jie ?

Chen Jie : I like bananas. They are tasty.______________________?

Mike: I don’t like them, but I like oranges. They are ______________.

Chen Jie: Yes. But they are too _________. _____________________________?

Mike: I’d like some French fries and hot dogs.

Chen Jie: I’d like some French fries and hot dogs.

Mike: Let’s go and have lunch now.

3. 根据实际情况回答问题或根据答句写问句。

1. ? B: I’d like some potatoes for dinner on Friday .

2.

B: I have fish and beef for lunch on Sunday.

3. B: I like chicken.

4. B: My favourite fruit is bananas.

5. Are green beans your favourite food?

6. Does your mother like groups?

7. What do you have for breakfast on Sundays?

8. Are you hungry now?

9. What food do the rabbits like?

6

五年级上册 Unit 4 What can you do?

知识点归纳

一. 本单元的重点是动词短语及情态动词can的用法。

sweep the floor

扫地

cook the meals 做饭

clean the bedroom 打扫卧室

water the flowers 浇花

empty the trash 倒垃圾

wash the clothes 洗衣服

set the table 摆饭桌;摆餐具

make the bed 铺床

do the dishes 洗碗碟

put away the clothes 收拾衣服

use a computer 使用计算机

do housework 做家务

at home 在家 ill 有病的

wash the windows 擦窗 just do it 就这么干吧

have a try 试一试 robot 机器人

play chess 下棋 helpful 有用的 有帮助的

二. 能够灵活运用的有关句型。

1. -------What can you/he/I do ? 你/他/我能做什么? ------ I /He/You can ?. 我/他/你能?. 2 . ----- Can you/I/ he ?? 你/我/他能?吗?

----- Yes, I/you/he can. / No(sorry) , I can’t . 是的,我/你/他能。/ 不,

我不能。

But I ‘d like to have a try. 但是我想试一下。

三. 语法。(Can 的用法)

结构:主语+can + 动词原形。主语没有人称和数的变化。“.表示能?” 如: I can sweep the floor. 我能扫地。

You can sweep the floor. 你能扫地。

He can sweep the floor. 他能扫地。

They can sweep the floor. 他们能扫地。

陈述句肯定式:主语+can + 动词原形。

如: I can cook the meals. 我会做饭。

陈述句否定式:主语+can +not + 动词原形。

如: I can not / can’t cook the meals. 我不会做饭。

句式 一般疑问式及回答: Can + 主语 + 动词原形?

如: ---- Can you cook the meals? 你会做饭吗?

----- Yes, I can./ No, I can’t. 会,我会。/不,我不会。 特殊疑问式: What + can +主语+do?

7

如: What can you do? 你会做什么?

一.选择填空。

( )1. Can you cook supper ,Mary? Sorry, I .

A. can B. can’t c. don’t

( ) 2. can wash the window?

A. Where B. Who’s C. Who

( ) 3. Can you the table, John?

A. seat B. sit C. set

( ) 4. I often do the for my mother on Saturdays.

A. dishes B. dish C.fish

( ) 5. Are you at home ,Kate? Yes, I am.

A. help B. helpful C. helping

( ) 6. I can’t wash the clothes. But I put away them.

A. can B. can’t C. am

( ) 7. We do homework on Sundays.

A. your B. my C. our

( ) 8. Do you the trash at home?

A. cook B. make C. empty

二.连词成句。

1.can ,the, do , girl, what?

2.at , home, you , John, are , helpful?

?

3. you , do , can , housework?

?

4. to , I’d ,have , a , like , try.

?

5. the ,away, we, clothes, can , put.

?

四. 按实际情况回答下列问题。

1.What can you do at home ?

2.Can you use a computer?

3.Can you cook the meals?

四. 选出正确的单词填在适当的横线上。

at home. He can empty the trash and put away the . He can dishes and the flowers. At ,he often

his classmates. His classmates him very much. Chinese is his 8

subject(科目). He .

Book 5 A Unit 5 What Can You Do ?

(一)知识点归纳

1 词汇

(1) 四会

air—conditioner 空调 in 在??里面 curtain 窗帘 on 在??上面 杂物 trash bin 垃圾箱 介词 under ??在下面

closet 壁橱, near ??在旁边

mirror 镜子 behind?? 在后边 end table 床头柜 over 在上面

in front of 在前面

bedroom (卧室) look at (看一看) kitchen (厨房) own (自己的) 房间(room bathroom (卫生间) (二)三会 flat (公寓) living room(客厅) third (第三) work (工作) tell (告诉) 2 句型

① —— What is your room like ?

—— There are /There is ?

I have ?

3 介词

① On 在…上, 在…旁, 在…时候, 关于…

1.There is a book on the desk.. 桌上有一本书。

2. The school is on the right. 学校在右边。

3. On the 1st of October, I’m going on a trip. 在十月一号,我要去旅行。

4. I’ll buy a magazine on plant. 我要去买一本有关于植物的杂志。

( 表示“关于” 时,相当于“about”)

② in 在?的里面

in my bag. 我的书在书包里面。

③ under 在下面

足球在椅子下面。

④ near 在附近

垃圾桶在桌子旁边。

⑤ behind 在下面

The cat is behind the door . 小猫在门后面。

⑥ over 在上面 只在某个物体的正上方,不与物体接触

(on 指在某个物体的上面,和物体接触。)

The bridge (桥) is over the river .

⑦ in front of 在前方 in the front of 在前部

eg: The teacher is in front of the students . 老师在学生的前面。

The teacher is in the front of the classroom . 老师在教室的前部。 9

There is a big tree in front of the house . 房子前面有一颗大树。

Exercise For Unit 5

一.填空

1 The clothes are in the c_________.

2 Please put the empty bottle (空瓶子) into the t______ ______.

3 My mother is cooking dinner in the k________.

4 There is an a_______________ in my bedroom .It’s so cool .

5 There are some c_________ the window.

二 根据实际情况回答下列问题。

1 Do you have a bedroom ?

_______________________________________.

2 Is there a closet in your room ?

________________________________________.

3 What is your bedroom like ?

______________________________________________________________________. 4 What’s on your desk ?

__________________________________________.

5 Is there a computer in your room?

___________________________________________.

三 阅读短文,选择正确的答案。

Look at the picture .It is my bedroom. My bedroom is very nice and clean .There is a big photo on the wall ,over the bed .It is a photo of my family . My dad , my mom, my sister and I are in it .There is a desk and a chair near the bed .On the desk , you can see a computer . I can use the computer . There is a basketball under the bed .Basketball is my favourite sport .Are there any closets ? No .My bedroom is small ,but I like it .

( )1 .There are _____________ people in my family .

A four B five C three

( )2 Is there a football in my bedroom ?

A No, there isn’t . B Yes , there is . C No ,there is .

( )3 The photo of the family if _________.

A near the window B on the desk C over the bed

( )4 My bedroom is very ________.

A nice B big C dirty

( )5 Which one is right ?

A There is a closet in my bedroom.

B I like playing basketball very much .

C I don’t have sisters .

D I can’t use the computer .

四 选词填空

1 There is _________ ( a, an ,the) end table in my room

2 Put the books ____________(on, in ,under) the shelf .

3 We have a new flat .It’s __________ (on , in , of ) the third floor.

4 _________ (What’s , what’s ,How’s) your room like ?

10

Book5 A Unit 6 In a nature park

重点词汇

river河流 flower花 grass草 lake湖泊 forest森林

path 小路 park公园 picture 照片 house 房子 bridge桥

tree 树 road公路;大路 building建筑物 clean 干净的 sky天空

cloud云 mountain 山脉village 村庄;乡村 city 城市 farm农场

air 空气 holiday假期 run跑;奔跑 any 任何的;所有的

重要句型和语法点

1. 询问在某处是否有……,用句子 Is there…? Are there any…?

回答时要用 Yes/ No, there….

Is there a lake in the park? 公园里有个湖吗?

Yes, there is. / No, there isn’t. 是的, 有. / 不,没有.

Are there any lakes in the park?

Yes, there are. / No, there aren’t.

2. There be 句型与have/has 的区别.

There be 表示在某地存在有某物.There is / are 其过去式为 There was/ were

a /an+ 可数名词单数

There is +地点(in/on /under/ in front of ..)

Some/ much+ 不可数名词 There are(were) + 名词的复数形式 + 地点.

have/ has 用于表达某人拥有某物.

3. some和 any 的区别.

some用于肯定陈述句中. any 用于否定句和疑问句中 No, there isn’t drink in the

11

fridge.

Exercise For Unit 6

一、读对话,完成下列空格。

John: Would you _________ to go to the nature _______ with me, Mike? Mike: Mmm… Let me ________ . Is there a lake over there?

John: No, but there is a forest. You can see many _________ in it.

Mike: Are there any ____________ ?

John: Yes, we can climb on them.

Mike: Is there any wind in the park?

John: Of course. It is cool in the park. We can _________ kites there.

二、按要求完成下列句子。

1.Were there any teachers in the classroom? (作否定回答)

.

2.How many teacher’s desks are there in your classroom? (按实际情况回答)

____________________________________.

3. Are there any kites in the sky? (改为肯定陈述句)

________________________. 就划线部分提问)

____________________________________?

5. There are many trees in the nature park. (改为单数形式)

___________________________________.

6. There is some water in the lake. (改为一般疑问句)

_________ there ________ water in the lake?

7. Is there an air-condition in your classroom?( 作肯定回答)

_______________________.

8 Are there any birds in the tree? (作否定回答)

___________________________.

三、翻译下列句子。

1. 在我们学校有许多树。

2. 我有两个哥哥。

3. 在桌子下有个盒子吗?

4. Mike 有几个中国朋友。

5. 我家有四个人。

12

6. 杯子里有些牛奶吗? 13

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