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2013年小升初语法复习(九):一般疑问句

发布时间:2014-01-24 12:55:45  

2013年小升初语法复习(九):一般疑问句

知识概要:

一般疑问句的四种时态

1. 一般现在时:

(1)当句中谓语为be动词(am, is , are)时,将be动词放于句首。

Is Tom a student?

Are they workers?

(2)当句中有情态动词(can, must等),将情态动词放于句首,动词为原形。

Can you help me?

Must I clean the room?

(3)当句中谓语为实义动词时,借助助动词do和does提问,把助动词放在句首,实义动词用原形。

Do you go to school by bus?

Does he watch TV every day?

2. 现在进行时:

把构成现在进行时的be动词提前即可。

Is she running now?

Are you playing football?

3. 一般过去时:

(1)当句子中有be动词(was, were)时,将它们放于句首。

Was Lily an English girl?

(2)当句中有情态动词(could, would)等,将它们放于句首,动词为原形。

Could Jim find his bag?

(3)当句中谓语为实义动词时,借助于助动词did提问,实义动词为原形。

Did Kate go to school yesterday?

4. 一般将来时:

(1) 当句中谓语为be动词时,借助于表将来时态的will, shall等提问,并放于句首,实义动词为原形。

Shall I be in London this time next week?

Will he be a teacher?

(2)当句中谓语为实义动词时,同样借助于will, shall, be going to等提问并放于句首,动词为原形。

Shall I send you the book?

Will you play basketball tomorrow?

考点1 在一般现在时中一般疑问句的使用

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例题 将下列句子改为一般疑问名,并做肯定和否定回答。

1. There are two supermarkets in our city.

________ ________ two supermarkets in our city?

Yes, ________ ________. /No, ________ ________.

2. He can do the housework.

________ ________ do the housework?

Yes, ________ ________./ No, ________ ________.

3. We have snow in winter in the north.

________ you ________ snow in winter in the north?

Yes, ________ ________./ No, ________ ________.

【解析】:将陈述句变为一般疑问句,当中有be动词(如第1题的are)和情态动词(如第2题的can),把它们放于句首,句子其他顺序不变。当句中有实义动词(如第3题的have),要借助助动词do和does, 把它们放于句首,实义动词用原形。肯定回答结构为“Yes, 主语+be/情态动词/助动词”。否定回答结构为“No, 主语+be/情态动词/助动词+not”。

【答案】:1. Are there; there are; there aren’t

2. Can he; he can; he can’t

3. Do, have; we do; we don’t

举一反三训练

将下列句子变为一般疑问句,并做肯定回答。

1. This kind of plants needs water every day.

___________________________________________________

2. Tom has two brothers and a sister.

___________________________________________________

3. Each of them has a pink schoolbag.

___________________________________________________

4. Monday is the second day of the week.

___________________________________________________

5. Lucy is a beautiful girl.

___________________________________________________

考点2 在一般过去时中一般疑问句的使用

例题 将下列句子补充完整。

1. 昨天你给你了一封信吗?

________ you ________ ________ ________ to your uncle yesterday?

2. 他们上周去放风筝了吗?

________ they ________ ________ last week?

3. 他以前是个坏男孩吗?

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________ he ________ ________ boy before?

【解析】:翻译句子,首先注意时态,句中的“昨天”、“上周”、“以前”等,证明是过去时,又因为三句都是一般疑问句,所以尤其注意谓语动词的选择,是be动词的把be动词提前;是实义动词的,借用助动词did提问。

【答案】:1. Did, write a letter

2. Did, fly kites

3. Was, a bad

举一反三训练

根据汉语意思完成下列的句子

1. 那天你们带了很我吃的吗?________ you ________ a lot of food that day?

2. 你们打网球了吗?没有,我们打棒球了。

________ you ________ tennis? No, we ________ ________.

3. 昨天李雷迟到了吗?

________ Li Lei________ yesterday?

4. 今天早晨他们在这吗?

________ they ________ this morning?

5. 你的哥哥上周病了吗?

________ your brother ________ Last week?

考点3 在现在进行时中一般疑问句的使用

例题 用所给动词的适当形式填空。

1. ________ the horse ________ (run) now?

2. ——Look! A kite. ——________ Lily ________ (fly) a kite with her sister?

3. ________ the girls ________ (dance) in the hall?

【解析】:动词的形式要根据句子时态决定,由第1、第2题中的now, look等,可知句子应为现在进行时态,要用“be+动词-ing”形式,第3题又是一般疑问句,所以把be提到句子前面。

【答案】1. Is, running 2. Is, flying 3. Are, dancing

举一反三训练

用所给词的适当形式填空

1. ——________that man ________(sell) the fruit?

—— Yes, he ________ (sell) the fruit.

2. ________ they ________ (study) English?

3. ________ Maria ________ (cry) now?

4. ________ the children ________ (sleep)?

5. ________ they ________ (eat) bananas?

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考点4 在一般将来时中一般疑问句的使用

例题 选择填空。

( )1. Will she _______next week?

A. comes B. come C. Coming D. Came

( )2. Shall I _______ Santa Claus (圣诞老人) at Christmas?

A. see B. sees C. am seeing D. saw

( )3. ________ we _______ on holiday at this time next week?

A. Shall; be B. Be; shall C. Are; shall D. Shall; are

【解析】:一般将来时,它的一般疑问句,就是把will, shall等提到句子前面,谓语动词为原形。

【答案】:1. B 2. A 3. A

举一反三训练

选择正确答案

( )1. Will the children ________ at home or will they _______ on the ground?

A. plays; plays B. play; play C. playing; playing D. played; played

( )2. Will Tom _______ TV or ________ with the dog?

A. watches; plays B. watches; play C. watch; play D. watch; plays

( )3. Shall I ________ the door? It’s too hot.

A. open B. close C. opened D. closed

( )4. ________ there ________ a meeting this afternoon?

A. Shall; is B. Shall; be C. Will; is D. Will; be

( )5. ________ we _______ shopping this Sunday?

A. Will; go to B. Shall; go C. Shall; go to D. Will; goes

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自我检测与提高

一、选词填空。

1. ——_________ you sing a song? ——Yes, I can.

2. ——_________ I come in? ——Yes, please.

3. ——_________ I help you? ——No, thank you.

4. ——_________ I have a doll? ——Yes, you can.

5. ——_________ you go to school today? ——No, I won’t.

6. ——_________ we have a party this evening? ——Yes, you are right.

7. ——_________ you take care of your grandmother tomorrow? ——Yes, I will.

8. ——_________ I go now? ——Yes, of course.

二、用所给词的正确形式填空。

1. _________ he _________ (do) well in maths?

2. _________ Jack _________ (go) to England next month?

3. _________ you _________ (sing) in the party yesterday evening?

4. _________ Tom _________ (read) English book now?

5. _________ they _________ (go) to see a film tomorrow?

6. _________ the policeman _________ (catch) the thief that day?

三、将下列句子改为一般疑问句。

1. I went to a party last New Year’s Day.

________ __________________ to a party last New Year’s Day?

2. Nancy likes watching cartoons.

_________ Nancy _________ watching cartoons?

3. Helen takes some photos on Children’s Day every year.

_________ Helen _________ _________ photos on Children’s Day every year?

4. We were very happy that day.

_________ _________ very happy that day?

5. My father made a big kite for me last Kite Festival.

_________ _________ father _________ a big kite for _________ last Kite festival?

6. Liu Tao’s grandpa showed us his stamps last night.

_________ Liu Tao’s grandpa _________ _________ his stamps last night?

7. Mr. Green is talking to is students about holidays.

_________Mr. Green _________ to his students about holidays?

8. New Year’s Day comes after Christmas.

_________ New Year’s Day _________ _________ Christmas?

9. We usually eat moon cakes and watch the moon on the Mid-autumn Festival. 5

_________ _________ usually _________ moon cakes ad _________ the moo on the Mid-autumn Festival?

10. We are playing with yo-yos these days.

_________ _________ _________ with yo-yos these days?

四、将下列单词组成一般疑问句。

1. may your ruler I use _____________________________

2. is he a middle school student _____________________________

3. you can the clean room _____________________________

4. a over village there is there _____________________________

5. like apples do you _____________________________

五、从II 栏中找出能对I 栏句子做出正确应答的句子。

I II

( )1. Do you like pizza? A. No, it’s time to sing.

( )2. Can you play baseball? B. No, she is old.

( )3. May I speak to Mr. White? C. Wait a moment, please.

( )4. Is it my turn to read? D. No, there isn’t

( )5. Shall we watch TV now? E. Yes, I’d love to.

( )6. Is everyone here? F. No, I am a teacher.

( )7. Would you like to join us? G. Yes, I can.

( )8. Is she young? H. No, I don’t like pizza.

( )9. Is there a football under the bed? I. Yes, please.

( )10. Are you a student? J. No, Lin Tao is ill at home.

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参考答案

考点1 举一反三训练

1. Does this kind of plants need water every day? Yes, it does.

2. Does Tom have two brothers and a sister? Yes, he does.

3. Does each of them have a pink schoolbag? Yes, he does.

4. Is Monday the second day of the week? Yes, it is.

5. Is Lucy a beautiful girl? Yes, she is.

考点2 举一反三训练

1. Did, bring 2. Did, play, played baseball 3. Was, late

4. Were, here 5. Was, sick/ill

考点3 举一反三训练

1. Is, selling, is selling 2. Are, studying 3. Is, crying 4. Are, sleeping

5. Are, eating

考点4 举一反三训练

1. B 2. C 3. A 4. D 5. B

自我检测与提高参考答案

一、1. Can 2. May 3. Can 4. May 5. Will 6. Shall 7. Will 8. May 二、1. Does, do 2. Will, go 3. Did, sing

4. Is, reading 5. Are, going 6. Did, catch

三、1. Did you go 2. Does, like 3. Does, take any 4. Were you

5. Did your, make, you 6. Did, show you 7. Is, talking

8. Does, come after 9. Do you, eat, watch 10. Are you playing

四、 1. May I use your ruler?

2. Is he a middle school student?

3. Can you clean the room?

4. Is there a village over there?

5. Do you like apples?

五、E A C B D F

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