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2013年小升初语法复习(七):时态用法

发布时间:2014-01-24 12:55:50  

2013年小升初语法复习(七):时态用法

一、一般现在时

(一)一般现在时的概念:

1. 表示经常发生的动作或状态。

I often get up at 6 o’clock every morning.

He takes a walk after supper every day.

2. 表示客观事实或真理。

The sun rises in the east.

Two plus two makes four.

3. 表示主语的特征、性格、能力等。

He works hard.

Does she like sports?

(二)一般现在时的用法:

1. 一般现在时常常和always, sometimes, often, usually, every day, never等副词连词。

We often play basketball after school.

I usually go to school by bike.

2. 第一、第二人称单数、所有人称复数作主语时,谓语动词都用原形。

I don’t want so much.

The children go to school at seven every morning.

3. 第三人称单数作主语,谓语动词也要变成相应的单数形式。

She is our English teacher.

He doesn’t learn English well.

(三) 第三人称单数动词形式的变化方法

1. 一般情况下,直接在动词后加-s。

run—runs, get—gets, like—likes, take—takes, play—plays

2. 以-s, -x, -sh, -ch, -o结尾的动词,在动词后面加-es

watch—watches, teach—teaches; go—goes; wash—washes;

cross—crosses; mix—mixes

3. 以辅音字母加y结尾的动词,要变y为i加-es。

study—studies, carry—carries;

但是play—plays例外(play是元音字母a+y结尾)

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小升初英语练习题——一般现在时

一、 写出下列动词的第三人称单数

drink ________ go _______ stay ________ make ________ look _________ have_______ pass_______ carry ____

come________ watch______ plant_______ fly ________

study_______ brush________ do_________ teach_______

二、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。

1. He often ________(have) dinner at home.

2. Daniel and Tommy _______(be) in Class One.

3. We _______(not watch) TV on Monday.

4. Nick _______(not go) to the zoo on Sunday.

5. ______ they ________(like) the World Cup?

6. What _______they often _______(do) on Saturdays?

7. _______ your parents _______(read) newspapers every day?

8. The girl _______(teach) us English on Sundays.

9. She and I ________(take) a walk together every evening.

10. There ________(be) some water in the bottle.

11. Mike _______(like) cooking.

12. They _______(have) the same hobby.

13. My aunt _______(look) after her baby carefully.

14. You always _______(do) your homework well.

15. I _______(be) ill. I'm staying in bed.

16. She _______(go) to school from Monday to Friday.

17. Liu Tao _______(do) not like PE.

18. The child often _______(watch) TV in the evening.

19. Su Hai and Su Yang _______(have) eight lessons this term.

20. -What day _______(be) it today?

- It's Saturday.

三、按照要求改写句子

1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________

2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ________________________________________________________ 2

3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答)

___________________________

4. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ___________________________________________________

5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句)

_______________________________________________________

6. He speaks English very well.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________

7. I like taking photos in the park.(对划线部分提问)

________________________________________________________

8. John comes from Canada.(对划线部分提问)

___________________________________________________

9. She is always a good student.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ________________________________________________________

10. Simon and Daniel like going skating.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________

四、改错(划出错误的地方,将正确的写在横线上)

1. Is your brother speak English? __________________

2. Does he likes going fishing? __________________

3. He likes play games after class. __________________

4. Mr. Wu teachs us English. __________________

5. She don't do her homework on Sundays. _________________

【参考答案】

一、drinks goes stays makes

looks has passes carries

comes watches plants flies

studies brushes does teaches

二、1. has 2. are 3. don’t watch 4. doesn’t go 5. Do; like

6. do; do 7. Do; read 8. teaches 9. take 10. is

11. likes 12. have 13. looks 14. do 15. am

16. goes 17. does 18. watches 19. have 20. is

三、1. Daniel doesn’t watch TV every evening

2. Do you do your homework every day? Yes, I do./ No, I don’t.

3. Does she like milk? Yes, she does.

4. Does Amy like playing computer games? No, she doesn’t.

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5. We don’t go to school every morning.

6. He doesn’t speak English very well.

7. Where do you like taking photos?

8. Where does John come from?

9. Is she always a good student? No, she isn’t.

10. Simon and Daniel don’t like going skating.

四、1. is改为Does 2. likes改为like 3. play改为playing

4. teachs改为teaches 5. don’t改为doesn’t

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二、现在进行时

(一) 现在进行时的概念

1. 表示现在正在进行或发生的动作。

I’m doing my homework now.

What are you doing now?

2. 表示现阶段正在进行着的动作。

He is working on a paper.

They are writing a book.

(二)现在进行时的用法

1. be动词的现在进行时的构成形式:

am/is/are+动词的现在分词形式。

Are you doing your homework now?

I’m doing some washing.

2. 句中往往有now、look、listen等状语。

They are listening to the radio.

Look, Amy is reading an English book.

(三)动语现在分词的构成

1. 一般在动词末尾直接加-ing。

do—doing; work—working;

sing—singing; eat—eating

2. 以不音字母e结尾的动词,先去掉e,再加-ing.

skate—skating; write—writing

have—having; ride—riding

3. 如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ing。

put—putting; run—running.

stop—stopping; jog—jogging

5

小升初英语练习题——现在行进时

一、写出下列动词的现在分词:

play________ run__________ swim _________make__________

go_________ like________ write________ _ski___________

read________ have_________ sing ________ dance_________

put_________ see________ buy _________ love____________

live_______ take_________ come ________ get_________

stop_________ sit ________ begin________ shop___________

二、用所给的动词的正确形式填空:

1.The boy __________________ ( draw)a picture now.

2. Listen .Some girls _______________ ( sing)in the classroom .

3. My mother _________________ ( cook )some nice food now.

4. What _____ you ______ ( do ) now?

5. Look. They _______________( have) an English lesson .

6.They ____________(not ,water) the flowers now.

7. Look! the girls ________________(dance )in the classroom .

8. What is our granddaughter doing? She _________(listen ) to music.

9. Its 5 o'clock now. We _____________(have)supper now

10.______Helen____________(wash )clothes? Yes, she is.

三、句型转换:

1. They are doing housework .(分别改成一般疑问句和否定句)

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

2. The students are cleaning the classroom. ( 改一般疑问句并作肯定和否定回答) ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________

3. I’m playing the football in the playground .(对划线部分进行提问)

________________________________________________________________

4. Tom is reading books in his study. (对划线部分进行提问)

________________________________________________________________

【参考答案】

一、playing running swimming making

going liking writing skiing

reading having singing dancing

putting seeing buying loving

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living taking coming getting

stopping sitting beginning shopping

二、1. is drawing 2. are sing 3. is cooking 4.are; doing 5. are having

6. aren’t watering 7. are dancing 8. is listening 9. are having 10. Are; washing 三、1. Are they doing housework?

They aren’t doing housework.

2. Are the students cleaning the classroom?

Yes, they are./ No, they aren’t.

3. What are you doing in the playground.

4. Where is Tom reading books?

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三、一般过去时

(一) 一般过去时的概念

1. 表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态。

I went to a park yesterday.

I failed my Chinese test.

2. 表示过去经常或反复发生的动作。

I often went to school on foot.

He worked hard last year.

(二) 一般过去时的用法

1. 常与表示过去时间的词连用

yesterday, yesterday morning, last night, ago, last weekend, last year, just now

2. be动词在一般过去时中的变化

am和is在一般过去时中变为was。

are在一般过去时中变为were。

3. 行为动词在一般过去时中的变化:谓语动词变成过去式

(三)动词过去式变化规则:

1. 一般直接在动词的后面加-ed

help—helped, look—looked

2. 以e结尾的动词直接加-d。

live---lived, hope—hoped

3. 以辅音字母加y结尾的动词要改y为I,再加-ed。

study—studied, worry—worried

4. 末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed。

stop—stopped, plan—planned

5. 不规则动词过去式(后附不规则动词变化表)

do—did, see—saw, say—said, give—gave, get—got, go—went

6. 动词过去式中-ed的读音

(1)在清辅音后加-ed,读清辅音/t/——cooked, worked

(2)在浊辅音及元音后加-ed, 读浊辅音/d/——lived, listened

(3)在/t/, /d/之后读/id/——wanted, needed

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小升初英语练习题——一般过去时

写出下列动词的过去式

is\am_________ fly_______ plant________ are ________

drink_________ play_______ go________ make ________ does_________ dance________ worry________ ask _____ taste_________ eat__________ draw________ put ______

throw________ kick_________ pass_______ do ________

一、 用be动词的适当形式填空

1. I _______ at school just now.

2. He ________ at the camp last week.

3. We ________ students two years ago.

4. They ________ on the farm a moment ago.

二、句型转换

1. It was exciting.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

2. All the students were very excited.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

三、用be动词的适当形式填空

1. I ______ an English teacher now.

2. She _______ happy yesterday.

3. They _______ glad to see each other last month.

4. Helen and Nancy ________ good friends.

四、句型转换

There was a car in front of the house just now.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯定回答:__________________________________________ 否定回答:__________________________________________

五、用行为动词的适当形式填空

1. He _________ (live) in Wuxi two years ago.

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2. The cat ________ (eat) a bird last night.

3. We _______ (have) a party last Halloween.

4. Nancy ________ (pick) up oranges on the farm last week.

5. I ________ (make) a model ship with Mike yesterday.

6. They ________ (play) chess in the classroom last PE lesson.

7. My mother _______ (cook) a nice food last Spring Festival.

8. The girls ________ (sing) and _______ (dance) at the party.

六、句型转换

1. Su Hai took some photos at the Sports day.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

2. Nancy went to school early.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

【参考答案】

一、1. was 2. was 3. were 4. were

二、

1. 否定句:It wasn’t exciting.

一般疑问句:Was it exciting?

肯、否定回答:Yes, it was. /No, it wasn’t.

2. 否定句:All the students were not very excited.

一般疑问句:Were all the students very excited?

肯、否定回答:Yes, they were. /No, they were not.

三、1. am 2. was 3. were 4. are

四、1. 否定句:There was not a car in front of the house just now. 一般疑问句:Was there a car in front of the house just now?

Yes, there was./ No, there wasn’t.

五、1. lived 2. ate 3. had 4. picked

5. made 6. played 7. cooked 8. sang; danced

六、

1. Su Hai took some photos at the Sports day.

否定句:Su Hai didn’t take photos at the Sports day.

10

一般疑问句:Did Su Hai take photos at the Sports day? 肯、否定回答:Yes, he did./No, he didn’t.

2. Nancy went to school early.

否定句:Nancy didn’t go to school early.

一般疑问句:Did Nancy go to school early?

肯、否定回答:Yes, she did. / No, she didn’t. 11

四、一般将来时

(一)一般将来时的概念

1. 表示将来某一时刻的动作或状态。

He will come to see you the day after tomorrow. 他后天要来看你。

One day, robots will do everything. 总有一天,机器人将能做任何事情。

2. 表示打算、准备做的事或即将发生或肯定要发生的事。

Where are you going to spend your weekend?

He’s going to New York next week.

(二) 一般将来时常用的两种结构

1. will/shall+动词原形

Will you take your ball tomorrow? 明天你要带上球吗?

We shall come and work in this factory every year. 每年我们将到这工厂来工作。

2. be going to +动词原形

My sister is going to learn English next year. 我姐姐准备明年学英语。

I’m not going to the cinema tonight. 我今天晚上不打算去看电影。

(三)常与一些表示将来的时间状语连用

tomorrow;next week;

from now on(从现在开始);

in the future(将来)

注意:shall 与will的区别

(一般情况下,shall用于第一人称,will用于第二、第三人称。但是现在尤其是在口语中,will也常用于第一人称)

例题 请在下列各题空格处填入shall或will。

1. You______ not drive through a red light.

2. I ______ do everything for her.

3. Let’s go and take a walk after dinner, _______ we?

【解题指导】:第1题,主语是第二人称,所以用will。第2题,主语是第一人称,所以用shall,也可以用will。第3题,主语是第一人称,所以用shall。

【答案】:1. will 2. shall/will 3. shall

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小升初英语练习题——一般将来时

一、填空

1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。

I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends.

I ________ have a picnic with my friends.

2.下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。

What ________ ________ _________ _________ _________ next Monday? I _______

_______ _______play basketball.

What _________ you do next Monday? I ________ play basketball.

3.你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。

_____ your mother _______ ________ go shopping this ___________?

Yes, she _________. She ______ ________ __________ buy some fruit.

4.你们打算什么时候见面。

What time _______ you _________ __________ meet?

二、改句子。

1.Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定)

Nancy ________ going to go camping.

2. I'll go and join them.(改否定)

I _______ go ______ join them.

3. I'm going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句)

________ _______ ________ to get up at 6:30 tomorrow?

4. We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30.(改一般疑问句)

_______ ________ meet at the bus stop at 10:30.

5. She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部分提问)

________ _______ she ________ ________ _________ after school?

6. My father and mother are going to see a play the day after tomorrow.(同上)

_________ _________ going to see a play the day after tomorrow.

三、用所给词的适当形式填空

1. Today is a sunny day. We ___________________ (have) a picnic this afternoon.

2. My brother _______________ (go) to Shanghai next week.

3.Tom often ______________(go) to school on foot. But today is rain. He

______________ (go) to school by bike.

4. What do you usually do at weekends? I usually __________ (watch) TV and

____________(catch) insects?

5. It’s Friday today. What _____she _________ (do) this weekend? She ______________ 13

(watch ) TV and _____________ (catch) insects.

6. What ___________ (do) you do last Sunday? I ____________ (pick) apples on a farm. What ______________ (do) next Sunday? I ______________ (milk) cows.

7. Mary ____________ (visit) her grandparents tomorrow.

8. Liu Tao ____________ (fly) kites in the playground yesterday.

9. David ______________ (give) a puppet show next Monday.

10. I ________________ (plan) for my study now

【参考答案】

一、1. am going to; will

2. are you going to do; am going to

3. Is going to; weekend.

Yes, she is, she is going to buy some fruit.

4. are going to

二、1. isn’t

2. won’t; or

3. 3. Are you going

4. Will you

5. What is; going to do

6. Who are

三、1. will have 2. will go 3. goes; will go 4. watches; catches (do) (watch )

(catch) insects.

6. did; picked; will you do; will milk

7. is going to visit

8. flew

9. will give

10. am planning

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