Teaching Plan for Unit 1 Book 2
1. grasp the main idea (that it would be ideal if we can strike a balance between the Chinese and the Western learning styles) and structure of the text (introduction of the topic by anecdote-elaboration by comparison and contrast-conclusion by a suggestion);
2. appreciate the difference between comparison and contrast, as well as different ways to compare and contrast (point-by-point method or one-side-at-a-time method);
3. master the key language points and grammatical structures in the text.
1. Benjamin was worried that he couldn’t put the key into the box.
2. In the Chinese staff’s opinon, the parents should guide Benjamin to insert the key.
3. the author and his wife didn’t care whether Benjamin succeeded in inserting the key into the slot.
4. For the Westerners, learning should take place by continual careful shaping and molding.
5. Chinese teachers hold the opinion that skills should be acquired as early as possible, while American educators think that creativity should be acquired early.
1. How does the author introduce the topic in Text A?
2. Sum up the contrast between the attitude of the couple and that of the hotel staff toward Benjamin’s efforts in inserting the key into the slot.
1) the couple:
2) the hotel staff:
1. Read the first sentence of both Para 6 and Para & decide what method of comparison and contrast is used here.
2. Sum up the contrast between Chinese and Western ways to learn to fulfill a task The Chinese:
3. Read from Para 11 to Para 13. Which method of comparison and contrast is used here?
4. The following are two types of attitudes toward creativity and basic skills. Which one belongs to the Chinese and which one belongs to the westerners?
a) giving priority to developing skills at an early age, believing that creativity can be promoted over time.
b) Putting more emphasis on fostering creativity in young children, thinking that skills can be picked up later.
There are many ways to conclude an essay. How does the author end this text?
1. (cause sb to) move busily and energetically (in the specified direction) （使某人）急忙而活跃地（向某方向）移动
e.g. bustling about in the kitchen 在厨房里忙得团团转
She bustled the children off to school. 她催促孩子们上学去。
2. ~ with sth. be full of (noise, activity, etc) 到处是（嘈杂的声音，繁忙的景象等） e.g. bustling streets 熙熙攘攘的街道
The city centre was bustling with life. 市中心充满了生活的繁忙景象。
fasten or join (one thing to another)
attach A to B B be attached to A
A price tag was attached to each article in the supermarket. Syn: fasten Opp: detach
adj. be attached to : be bound to by love or affection
She is deeply attached to her young brother.
Please see the attachment of my email.
1. pl phenomena an occurrence or fact that is perceptible by the senses
incidence, happening, occasion, event
eg. Polar light is a beautiful natural phenomenon.
2. pl. phenomenons
a. an unusual fact or occurrence, marvel
b. a remarkable or outstanding person, paragon, wonder
eg. Beatles were phenpmenons / phenomena in the history of music.
Usage: phenomenon is the only singular form of this noun; phenomena is the usual plural.
Adj. of or at the beginning; first
Eg. The initial talks were the base of the later agreement.
n. the initial letter of a word.
What are your initials?
v. (formal) help, support ------assistance, assistant
assist sb to do sth; assist sb with sth, assist sb in (doing) sth.
eg. Assist sb to fill in the forms
assist sb with the form-filling
assist sb in filling in the forms
n. the act of giving aid, help.
Vt. Wait for
Eg. He was anxiously awaiting her reply.
He has long awaited this moment.
On occasion: now and then
Syn occasionally, once in a while, at times, from time to time,
E.g. It has, on occasion, created trouble for the bank.
You have on occasion surprised people
Cf. on occasion & on the occasion of
On occasion 有时，间或
On the occasion of 在…之际 on the occasion of sb’s wedding
Occasion: an event or happening, esp a significant event
E.g. A: What’s the occasion?
B: It’s my parents` 30th wedding anniversary.
Vt. Give too little attention or care to
Eg Neglect one’s meals and sleep.
Don’t neglect to lock the door when you leave.
Cf: neglect, ignore & omit
E.g. those who neglect their duties should be punished.
Why do they always neglect the traffic regulation?
味。Pay no attention to sb/sth on purpose, or as if sth has not happened.
E.g. When I saw Tom, I stopped to greet him, but he ignored me and walked on.
The teacher ignored my difficult questions
Eg. She should not omit to visit the museum
The third part of the book may be omitted.
Adj. directly connected with the subject, having to do with the matter at hand------relevance Eg. His color is not relevant to whether he’s a good lawyer.
The evidence is relevant to the case
Pattern : be relevant to
His color is irrelevant to whether he’s a good lawyer.
1. vt try to find out information about , examine systematically and thoroughly the reasons for, the character of , etc.
eg. Scientists are investigating how the plane crash occurred.
If you hear such a rumor, investigate it thoroughly.
2. vi. Make a detailed inquiry,
investigate into an affair/the crime
investigate into a rumor
syn: enquire / inquire into, look into, explore, probe, research, study
cf: investigate, examine & inspect
E.g. They investigated the cause of the accident
The police are investigating the murder.
E.g. They examined our passports very carefully
An optician is qualified to examine your eyes and prescribe glasses.
Inspect 较为正式,用得不如examine广泛,指对某人或某物进行检查/查问,带有揭示其差异或缺陷的意思.更常指官员们的视察以发现下属单位的缺点等,还指检阅军队. E.g. The firemen were inspecting the warehouse for potential fire hazards.
Every length of cloth is inspected before it leaves the factory.
Throw light on : help understand, make clear.
Eg. These facts throw/shed new light on the matter.
n. sh/sth that a comment or statement does not apply to
eg. There is an exception to this grammatical rule
This is an apparent exception to the rule.
Pattern : an exception to
With many/few/a few exceptions 很多例外/除一些/少数例外
Without exception 无例外,一律
With the exception of 将…除外
Make an exception of sb/sth 把…作为例外 treat sb/sth as an exception
Make no exceptions 不允许任何例外
Adj. worth having as by being useful, advantageous or pleasing; worth achieving E.g. Main Street is a very desirable location for a large department store.
It is most desirable that he should attend the conference.
v.t. manage to do (sth)
E.g. She’s accomplished a great deal in the last few weeks.
The task will not be accomplished in one generation.
Collocation accomplish one’s object/goal/mission
Cf accomplish, complete & finish
accomplish 通常接task, aim, journey, voyage等名词,有时兼有取得效果之意. E.g. I don’t feel our visit really accomplished anything.
E.g. The building will be completed by the end of this month.
Finish 在许多情况下可与complete 换用,但不及complete正式,常含有认真仔细地完成工作的最后阶段的精工修饰,使之完美的意思
Eg. Finish the work off before you leave for your holiday.
In due course: at the proper time; eventually
Eg. Be patient. You’ll get your promotion in due course.
Your book will be published in due course.
due: a. expected
The final results of the experiment are due on December 9.
due to: prep. because of
He was absent from class due to illness.
adj 1) very important
E.g. A second income is critical to the family’s well-being.
The next two weeks will be critical for the company.
a critical decision; critical moment
Syn crucial, important
2) very serious or dangerous
E.g. a critical shortage of food
critical condition a critical illness
(all) by oneself
He's lived by himself since his wife died.
b) without help from anyone else
It was the first time she felt she had achieved something by herself.
adj main; chief
the principal food of the people of India
the principal rivers of Europe
n. someone who is in charge
the school/ university principal
cf: principal & principle
principal 和principle 的意思完全不同,但常常被混淆.
E.g. He considered himself to be a man of principle.
例如 a meeting among all the principals in the transaction
1. vt bring up and educate; look after (animals)
e.g. Rear children
2. n. back part
e.g. The kitchen is in the rear of the house
The garden is to the rear of the house.
The parking lot is at the rear of the building.
Make up for: repay with sth good; compensate for
Eg. I didn’t travel much when I was younger, but I’m certainly making up for lost time now. The team will be anxious to make up for a disappointing start to the season.
They hurried on to make up for lost time.
(all) on one’s own
I've been living on my own for four years now.
b) without anyone's help
You can't expect him to do it all on his own.
syn. by oneself
In retrospect: on evaluating the past; upon reflection
Eg. There are some things that you only become totally conscious of in retrospect. In retrospect, what I have done is clearly absurd.
come to the/somebody's rescue
a) A lifeboat came to the yachtsman's rescue.
b) Carol's brother came to the rescue and sent her $1000.
n. either end of anything
走极端go to extremes
adj. most remote; very great, severe, drastic, extending far beyond the norm.
处在极度痛苦中in extreme pain
1) ability to do sth. easily and well
e.g. Play the piano with facility
have great facility in learning languages.
2) (pl) equipment, aids, etc. which make easy to do things
e.g. sports facilities
There are facilities for cooking in the kitchen.
(of object, process) make easy, lessen the difficulty of
eg. Modern inventions have facilitated housework.
n. 1) the act or manner of performing
e.g. faithful in the performance of his duties
Good performance sells a car
2) a presentation, as of a dance or theatrical work, before an audience.
e.g. tickets for the afternoon performance
The first performance of the play takes place next month.
3) sth performed, accomplishment.
e.g. The athlete was awarded $ 10,000 for his good performance in the Olympics.
continual & continuous不断的
continual: separate actions which are repeated over a period of time
continuous: an action carries on without stopping or interrupting
She has endured house arrest and continual harassment by the police.
continuous economic growth
1) be relevant; have an effect
apply to sb/sth
eg. What I have said does not apply to you.
The advice given by the professor only applies to some of the college students.
2) write a letter or fill in a form in order to ask formally for sth.
apply (to sb) for sth; apply to do sth
e.g. We applied to the authorities for assistance
He decided to apply to join the Students’ Union.
Priority: n. sth that one must do before anything else, sth that holds a high place among competing claims.
e.g. Study is not on his list of priorities.
Keeping the economy strong is the first priority.
Prior (to): earlier in time, order or importance
All the arrangements should be completed prior to your departure.
Evolve: vi develop gradually
evole into 进化成, 发展成, 逐步形成
evolve from/out of 由…演化而成; 从…发展而来
Eg. The early fish have evolved into some 30,000 different species.
The simple plan evolved into a complicated scheme.
Some people believe that we evolved from the apes.
The whole idea evolved from a casual remark.
Summarize -ize 动词后缀.
apologize characterize criticize memorize emphasize revolutionize
modernize sterilize standardize
1. v. compare (two people or things) so that differences are made clear, show a difference when looked at together
contrast A with/and B
eg. In her speech she contrasted the government’s optimistic promises with its dismal achievements.
I cannot help contrasting her attitude with that of her friends.
Your actions contrast unfavorably with your principles.
2. n. difference between things compared
eg. The atmosphere of the Second World War in London was a complete contrast to that of the First.
There is a marked contrast between the group’s actions and its principles.
constitute/form a sharp contrast to
intensify/sharpen the contrast
reveal/show a contrast
On the one hand…on the other hand: to introduce two contrasting circumstances I'd like to eat out, but on the other hand I should be trying to save money.
1. vt keep (sth) secretly in one’s mind
eg. He might be harboring a death wish.
harbor thoughts of revenge
2. n. place of shelter for ships
e.g. The navy has constructed an artificial harbor.
All the ships stayed in the harbor during the storm.
v.t. help to grow or develop
E.g. new efforts to promote the world peace
promote economic growth
Milk promotes health.
Cf promote & further
promote 用于事物发展的各个阶段, 包括起始阶段.
E.g. promote the understanding between the two countries.
The audiolingual method should be promoted.
E.g. Getting a scholarship will further her education.
Emerge: v.i. come out (from water etc)
E.g. Eventually the truth of the matter emerged.
Large scale industry emerged gradually as technology evolved.
Pattern: emerge from/out of
E.g. The sun emerges from behind the clouds.
New evidence emerged from the investigation.
It emerges that…
E.g. It later emerged that the driver of the car had been drunk.
Emergence & emergency
the company's emergence from bankruptcy
Emergency: a serious, unexpected situation or occurrence that demands immediate action. In case of emergency, press the alarm button.
1. to lift(someone or something), as from the floor or furniture
2. to collect (someone or something); arrange to meet (someone) esp for a journey e.g. I will pick you up at your place at 8.
3. to be able to receive (something such as electricity, sound waves, etc.) with a machine. e.g. The searchers at last picked up a signal from the crashed plane.
4. not fml to learn (sth such as information), often informally or by chance.
e.g., He can only have picked up such excellent English by living in the country for some
He picked up quite a lot of English during his on-year stay in America.
e.g. Trade has been picking up again since the winter
Mother soon began picking up after her operation.
1) based on truth or sound reasoning, sound有充分证据的.正当的
E.g. This is a valid argument against economic growth.
They have valid reasons for refusing to do it.
2) having legal force, effective (法律)有效的
E.g. valid for three months
a valid claim/marriage
worthwhile adj. worth doing; worth the trouble taken
Here is some worthwhile advice to any young businessman.
It’s a worthwhile book.
1. adj [pred 作表语] followed by v+ing or nouns, giving or likely to give a satisfactory or rewarding return for (doing sth.) 值得做某事，有做某事的价值
The book is worth reading.
He felt that his life was no longer worth living.
It’s an idea that’s worth considering.
It’s such a small point that it’s hardly worth troubling about.
It’s not worth the effort / the trouble.
The scheme is well worth a try.
2. [U] worth of sth (preceded by a noun indicating amount, duration, etc. 用于表示数量 、持续时间等的名词之后)
The thieves stole $1 million worth of jewellery.
ten pounds’ worth of petrol
a day’s worth of fuel
two weeks’ worth of supplies
1. [pred] worthy of sth / to do sth: deserving sth. or to do sth 应得某事物，值得做某事 Their efforts are worthy of your support.
a statement worthy of contempt
Her achievements are worthy of the highest praise.
She said she was not worthy to accept the honor.
2. [usu attrib 定语]
a. (approv 褒) deserving respect or consideration 值得尊敬的，值得考虑的
a worthy cause 崇高的事业
a worthy record of achievements
b. (usu joc 通常作戏谑语) (esp of a person) deserving respect or recognition （尤指人）应受到尊敬或赏识的
the worthy citizens of the town
Superior: adj. be better than average or than others of the same type
Be superior to
Be superior in
Eg. The enemies were superior in numbers.
This carpet is far superior to that one in quality.
You probably think you will never be a 1)______ student. This is not necessarily so, It is true that you 12
may not be 3) ______________ about everything that you study, but by using your time properly you may improve your grades without 4) ___________ work. Here’s how:
1. 2. find a good place to study.
3. 4. your time in class
5. study 8) ______________
6. develop 9) ____________________ about tests.
There are other 10) _____________ that might help you with your studying. Only a few have been mentioned here. You will probably discover many others after you have tried these.
Contrast and comparison
Comparison and contrast come in three different ways.
1. comparison : you are asked to explain how two or more things are alike.
2. contrast: you are asked to explain how two or more things are different.
3. comparison and contrast: you are asked to explain how two or more things are alike and different.
Proverbs and quotations
1. There is no end to learning
2. What is learned in the cradle is carried to the grave.
3. Questioning is the door to knowledge.
4. No man ever yet became great by imitation. ---Samuel Johnson
5. I forget what I was taught; I only remember what I have learned. ---Patrick White 13