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14考研英语写作高级词汇精选(自己排版_完美打印)

发布时间:2014-01-24 16:56:14  

成功: achieve success, spare no efforts/pains to do (不遗余力去做某事), make great effort, be persistent with sth./ do with full persistence(坚持不懈地做某事), try every means to stay on top (尽一切努力取得成功),motive(动机),ambition(抱负),prominent (杰出的),rank the top(名列前茅),versatile(多才多艺的),individual self-realization(自我实现), stand up to/ withstand challenges and difficulties(经得住挑战与困难)

经济:economy, finance, commerce/commercial, economic globalization(经济全球化), sustainable development(可持续发展),unfair competition(不正当竞争),promote sales(促销), fake and inferior product(假冒伪劣产品), crack down on fake commodities (打假), boom(繁荣),purchasing power(购买力),management (管理), fierce competition(激烈竞争), after-sale service (售后服务), bread –and – butter issue(生计问题), enterprise image(企业形象),retail (零售), credit crisis(信用危机), stabilize prices (稳定物价), brand effect(品牌效应),popular pastime (流行的消遣方式)

文化:culture and civilization(文化和文明), great and profound (博大精深的),diversity(多样性),integration and interaction(融合交汇),crash(碰撞), original (原创原始的),minority (少数民族),revealing(有启发的),charming(极具魅力的),splendid(壮丽辉煌的),erotic(色情的), talk show(谈话节目),English fever(英语热)

环保:environment- friendly(生态型的,环保的),conserve natural habitats(保护生存环境),pollute/contaminate(污染), natural resources(自然资源),energy conservation and environmental protection (节能环保),biodiversity (生物多样性), extinction(灭绝),threat of global warming(全球变暖的威胁), promote fundamental shifts in the economic system and mode of economic growth(促进经济体制和经济增长方式的转变), bring about harmony of economic returns and contribution to society and environmental protection (实现经济效益、社会效益和环境效益的统一), impact on the quality of the water and the air(对水质和空气质量的影响), curb environmental pollution/ bring the pollution under control(治理环境污染),develop renewable resources (开发可再生资源),a low-carbon economy (低碳经济),environmental awareness(环境意识)

科技:science and technology(科学技术),web-addiction(沉迷网络), computer crime(电脑犯罪), e-commerce(电子商务), virtual life (虚拟生活),information era(信息时代),cyber romance(网恋),surf the Internet(网上冲浪)

就业:job market (就业市场), resume(简历),job hunter/seeker(求职者), employment pressure(就业压力),employer(招聘方), employee(应聘者), applicant(申请人), position available/ vacant position(空缺职位), candidate(人选), competent(能胜任的), be qualified for(合格的), proficiency(熟练程度),college expansion of enrollment, (大学扩招),contradiction between supply and demand(供求关系矛盾), not in line with speciality(与专业不符), job arrangement and benefit(工作待遇和福利), promotion (晋升), gender-biased(性别歧视的), appearance-biased(相貌歧视的)

大学生活/教育:innovative learning(创新学习), higher education(高等教育), drop-out(辍学), fake certificate/diploma(假毕业证/文凭),the craze for graduate school(考研热), 1

cultivate(培养), poverty-stricken students(贫困学生),faculty(全体教员),further one’s study (深造),quality education(素质教育),teacher-centered,(以教师为中心) student-centered, (以学生为中心),campus digitalization(校园数字化),foster abilities(培养能力),relieve the burden on students(减轻学生负担),be occupied with so much schoolwork(忙于功课),college, university, students union(学生会), undergraduate association(研究生会), extracurricular(课余的),develop personal specialities(发展个人特长), place emphasis on(以…为重心),comprehensive(全面的,广泛的),practical capability(实际能力),duck-stuffing(填鸭式), diploma craze(文凭热),demanding(要求高的),rigid(严格的),scholarship(奖学金),potential(潜在的,潜力),educational reform(教学改革), academic(学术的),part-time(兼职的),tutor(做家教)

社会现象:phenomenon(现象),issue(争议,焦点),enlightening(富有启发的),cause alarm and attention(引起了警惕和重视),corrupt people’s mind (腐化心灵),immoral behaviors(不道德的行为),at the cost of (以…为代价),human relations(人际关系),set good example for(为…树立榜样),dedicate(做贡献), take action (采取行动),ensure implementing activities(确保执行), impose punishment on them(施加处罚),aggravate the seriousness of…(使之恶化),commit crime(犯罪),vulnerable(易诱惑的,易受影响的),criteria of evaluation(衡量标准),be supposed to(应该)

人物特征、情感描写:strong-minded(坚强的),industrious(勤奋的), harmonious(和谐的), cooperative (合作的),self-centered(以自我为中心的),promising(有前途的),dynamic(有生气的),responsible(有责任心的), influential(有影响力的), profound(渊博精深的),devoted(忠实的,投入的),generous(慷慨的),critical(吹毛求疵),warm-hearted(热心的),gratitude(n. 感激),awkward(尴尬的),hospitality(n. 热情好客),appreciate(v. 感激,感谢),apologize(v. 道歉),enthusiastic(热情的)

一、媒体类 18. chief editor 总编

1. paparazzi狗仔队 19. editorial 社论

2. mass media 大众媒体 20. newsworthy值得报道的

3. entertainment 娱乐 21. barometer晴雨表

4. journalism新闻业 22. the barometer of public opinion 舆论的晴

5. journal 期刊 雨表

6. the latest news 最新消息 23. live broadcast 直播

7. exclusivenews 独家新闻 24. quiz show 智力竞争节目

8. news agency新闻社 25. game show 游戏节目

9. news blockout 新闻封锁 26. variety show 综合节目

10. news censorship新闻审查 27. talk show 脱口秀

11. freedom of the press 新闻自由 28. sitcom情景喜剧

12. coverage 新闻报道 29. soap opera 肥皂剧

13. do reportageon … 报导… 30. movie star 电影明星

14. hit the headlines 上头条 31. movie king 影帝

15. issue 出版、发行 32. movie queen 影后

16. newsstand报摊 33. affair绯闻

17. free-lancer writer 自由撰稿人 34. celebrity名人

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35. fame 名声

36. rise to fame 声名鹊起 37. fan 粉丝

38. invade one’s privacy 侵扰了…的隐私 39. misleading误导性的 40. cheating 欺骗性的 41. popularity 知名度 42. scandal 丑闻

43. sensational轰动的

44. prevalent 普遍的、流行的 45. imperative重要的、必要的 46. audience ratings 收视率 47. propaganda宣传

48. be abducted by 受…诱导 49. purifyone’s soul 净化心灵

50. live in virtual would 生活在虚拟世界中 51. be a great comfort to somebody 对…来说是一个巨大安慰

52. meet different tastes 满足不同口味 53. provide sb with something 给…提供… 54. follow the fashion blindly盲目追逐时尚 55. commit crimes 犯罪

56. be inconceivableto somebody 对…来说是难以想象的

57. impressive 给人印象深刻的 58. right to know 知情权

59. in the disguiseof … 打着…的幌子

60. endanger social stability and safety 危害社会稳定和安全 二、工作类

1. ambitious 雄心壮志的、野心勃勃的 2. adaptability适应性

3. adapt oneself to … 使自己适应… 4. prosperity繁荣

5. be disadvantageous to … 对…不利 6. flow of personnel 人才流动

7. mechanism of personnel flow人才流动机制

8. survival of the fittest 适者生存 9. a sense of accomplishment成就感 10. potentiality潜能

11. learn to cooperateand comprise 学习合作和妥协

12. be deeply impressed with 对…印象很深

13. company philosophy企业文化 14. flexibility 灵活性

15. competitive 竞争激烈的 16. arena 舞台

17. team-work spirit 团队合作精神 18. treasureopportunity 珍惜机会 19. a fat salary 收入颇丰

20. a harmoniousinterpersonal relationship 和谐的人际关系

21. a sense of responsibility 责任感 22. material gains 物质待遇

23. promising future 光明的前途 24. bright prospect 光明的前景

25. a challenging job具有挑战性的工作 26. turning point 转折点

27. be closely related to … 与…息息相关 28. get advanced in the society 出人头地 29. a decentjob 一份体面的工作 30. chance of promotion升迁机会

31. stability and satisfaction 稳定感和满足感 32. keep skills fresh and up-to-date 使技能可以不断更新

33. expand one’s horizon开阔视野

34. balance work and life 平衡工作和生活 35. from-nine-to-five 朝九晚五一族

36. shoulder/undertake one’s responsibility 承担起自己的责任

37. upgrade oneself 提升自我 38. a well-paid job 高收入工作 39. creative work 创造性工作

40. stand up to / meet the challenge 迎接挑战 41. realize the value of life 实现人生价值 42. enrich one’s social experience 丰富一个人的社会阅历

43. cultivate one’s independence and toughness培养自己的独立性和坚韧性

44. seek for personal development 追求个人发展

45. display one’s talent 展示才能

46. a sense of self-fulfillment 自我实现感 47. promotion opportunity 提升机会

48. meet one’s personalized needs 满足某人个性化需求

49. define one’s role 确定自己的角色

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50. social recognition 社会认可 51. accumulateexperience 获取经验 52. inspiring 鼓舞人心的 53. motivation动机 54. workaholic工作狂

55. working environment 工作环境 56. work overtime 加班 57. improve one’s capabilities 提高某人能力 58. develop one’s talents 培养才智 59. ideal workplace 理想工作场所

60. masterinterpersonal skills 掌握人际交往技能

三、交通类

1. automobile industry 汽车工业

2. boostthe economic development 促进经济发展

3. levythe tax 征税

4. modernization 现代化

5. be viewed as … 被视为是…

6. be concerned about … 对…担忧/关注… 7. pollution-free fuel 无污染燃料 8. luxury奢侈品

9. chronic lead poisoning 慢性铅中毒 10. fill… with … 使…充斥着 11. popularizationof cars 汽车普及

12. lay more emphasis on… 把重心放在… 13. observe traffic regulations 遵守交通规则 14. break traffic regulations 违反交通规则 15. get struckin traffic 遇上堵车 16. rush hour 上下班高峰时间

17. ease the traffic pressure 缓解交通压力 18. pedestrian行人 19. pavement人行道

20. zebra crossing 斑马线 21. overspeed 超速行驶 22. bottleneck交通堵塞地区

23. settle down effective laws 制定出积极有效的法律

24. impose restrictions on … 对…实施限制 25. short-sighted 目光短浅的

26. non-renewable resources 不可再生资源 27. carbon dioxide二氧化碳 28. a pillarindustry 支柱产业 29. make full use of … 充分利用

30. road networks 公路网 31. speed limits 限速

32. enhance the quality of life 提高生活质量 33. pay a heavy price 付出惨痛的代价

34. promote the development of relative industries 促进相关产业发展

35. traffic engineering 交通运输工程

36. the number of car ownership 汽车拥有量 37. call for … 需要…

38. overcrowded 过度拥挤的 39. violator违规者

40. headache 令人头痛的事 41. traffic accidents 交通事故 42. head-way 进展

43. conflict with … 与…相冲突 44. major cause 主要原因

45. be replaced by … 被…所取代

46. provide convenience for 为…提供便利 47. curb… 限制… 48. dilemma进退两难

49. encourage somebody to do something鼓励某人去做某事

50. energy-saving 节能的 四、社会类

1. urbanization 城市化 2. centralization集中化 3. imbalance 不平衡

4. in the long run 从长远角度而言 5. infrastructure基础设施 6. booming 繁荣发展的 7. tertiaryindustry 第三产业 8. tranquility宁静 9. revenue 税收

10. commercialization 商业化 11. traffic congestion 交通拥挤 12. water scarcity 水短缺

13. the environmental pollution 环境污染 14. over-industrialization 过度工业化 15. over-crowdedness 过度拥挤 16. unemployment 失业

17. wealth distribution财富分配 18. social instability 社会动荡 19. urban construction 城市建设 20. population explosion 人口激增

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21. a rising crime rate 犯罪率上升

22. drainof energy and resources 能源和资源消耗

23. offer more job opportunities 提供更多的就业机会

24. a rapid pace of life 快节奏生活

25. stress-related illnesses 压力有关的疾病 26. high cost of living 高额生活费用 27. pastorallife 田园生活

28. class polarization 阶级两极分化 29. social welfare 社会福利

30. give special care to … 给予…特殊关照 31. urban sprawl城市扩张

32. convenient transportation means 便捷的交通工具

33. better medical services 更好的医疗服务 34. pressure of modern life in city 城市生活压力

35. be vulnerable to … 易于患上… 36. melting pot 熔炉

37. on the brinkof … 处于…边缘 38. pollutant 污染性物质 39. waste disposal 废物处理

40. put the blame on … 归咎于… 41. be attributableto … 归因为… 42. ways of consumption消费方式 43. suffer heavy losses 遭受重大损失 44. citizen 居民

45. be confronted with… 面临着… 46. breed crimes 滋生犯罪 47. viciouscycle 恶性循环

48. a feasible measure 一种可行的措施 49. give priority to … 优先考虑… 50. city planners 城市规划者 五、动物保护类

1. vivisection活体解剖

2. perform. experiments on animals 在动物身上做试验

3. test animals 用于实验的动物

4. be subjected to experiments 被迫接受试验 5. animal rights 动物权利 6. clinical research 临床研究 7. cruel 残忍的

8. extremist极端主义者

9. medical research 医学研究 10. origin of species 物种起源 11. alternative method 替代的方法 12. biological diversity 生物多样性 13. natural balance 自然平衡

14. equilibriumof ecosystem 生态平衡 15. coexistence 共存

16. endangered animals 濒危动物 17. diversity of species 物种多样性 18. shameless 令人羞愧的 19. barbaric野蛮的

20. live and let live 活着就是与万物共存 21. meaningless 没有意义的 22. dominantspecies 优势物种 23. laboratory 实验室 24. vaccine 疫苗 25. infringement践踏 26. right to live 生存权 27. torture折磨

28. anti-science 反科学的

29. life-threatening diseases 危及生命的疾病 30. scientific gains 科学成果

31. an ever-lasting theme 一个永恒的主题 32. evolution 进化

33. computer simulation电脑模拟 34. groundless没有理由的 35. humane 人道的

36. medical technology 医疗技术 37. anatomy解剖 38. equal 公平的

39. unreliable不可信赖的 40.valid 有效的、正当的 六、 语言类 1. ambiguity歧义

2. denotation字面意思 3. connotation暗含意思 4. impractical 不切实际的

5. intellectual development 智力发展 6. interaction 交流

7. thinking capacity 思考能力 8. universal language 世界语 9. linguisticstudies 语言学研究

10. a means of communication交流工具 11. mechanical translation 机械翻译

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12. untranslatable 不宜翻译的 生动,互动地学习一门外语

13. develop linguistic skills 培养语言技能 32. miraculous令人惊叹的

14. verbal communication 口头交流 33. increase efficiency 提高效率

15. grammaticalrules 语法规则 34. easy accessibility 易于操作

16. context 语境 35. make astoundingadvances 突飞猛进

36. enrich the teaching and learning methods 17. core 核心

18. translation 笔译 丰富了教学手段

19. interpretation口译 37. expertise专业知识

20. a complex progress 一个复杂过程 38. flourishing 繁荣兴旺的

21. cream精华 39. speedy communication 快速的交流

22. cultivate logical thinking 培养逻辑思维 40. read between the lines 读懂暗含的意思

23. obscure晦涩的 41. language acquisition语言习得

24. readability朗朗上口 42. term 术语

25. an unrealistic dream不切实际的梦想 43. implication含义

26. comprehensive knowledge 全面的知识 44. be fully aware of… 充分意识到…

27. communicate with others directly, and 45. optimistic乐观的

freely 与他人直接自由交流 46. pessimistic悲观的

28. face-to-face communication 面对面交流 47. drawback 弊端

29. stimulate one’s interest 激发了…的兴趣 48. precious gift 宝贵的礼物

30. artificialintelligence 人工智能 49. linguist 语言学家

31. help children learn a foreign language in a 50. mission impossible 不可能的任务 more vivid and interactive way 帮助孩子更

1.经济的快速发展 the rapid development of economy

Owing to/thanks to the rapid/speedy development of economy, individuals’ living standard has got improved remarkably. Accordingly, modern people can enjoy a wide variety of recreational activities.

2.人民生活水平的显著提高/ 稳步增长the remarkable improvement/ steady growth of people’s living standard

3.先进的科学技术 advanced science and technology

4.面临新的机遇和挑战 be faced/confronted with new opportunities and challenges

5.人们普遍认为 It is commonly believed/ recognized that…

6.社会发展的必然结果 the inevitable result of social development

7.引起了广泛的公众关注 arouse wide public concern/ draw public attention

8.不可否认 It is undeniable that…/ There is no denying that…

9.热烈的讨论/ 争论 a heated discussion/ debate

10. 有争议性的问题 a controversial issue

11.完全不同的观点 a totally different argument

12.为我们日常生活增添了情趣 add much spice / flavor to our daily life

13. 就我而言/ 就个人而言 As far as I am concerned, / Personally,

14.就…达到绝对的一致 reach an absolute consensus on…

15.有充分的理由支持 be supported by sound reasons

16.双方的论点 argument on both sides

17.发挥着日益重要的作用 play an increasingly important role in

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18.对…必不可少 be indispensable to …

19.正如谚语所说 As the proverb goes:

20.…也不例外 …be no exception

21.对…产生有利/不利的影响 exert positive/ negative effects on…

22.利远远大于弊 the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages.

23.导致,引起 lead to/ give rise to/ contribute to/ result in

24.复杂的社会现象 a complicated social phenomenon

25.责任感 / 成就感 sense of responsibility/ sense of achievement

26. 竞争与合作精神 sense of competition and cooperation

27. 开阔眼界 widen one’s horizon/ broaden one’s vision

28.学习知识和技能 acquire knowledge and skills

29.经济/心理负担 financial burden / psychological burden

30.考虑到诸多因素 take many factors into account/ consideration

31. 从另一个角度 from another perspective

32.做出共同努力 make joint efforts

33. 对…有益 be beneficial / conducive to…

34.为社会做贡献 make contributions to the society

35.打下坚实的基础 lay a solid foundation for…

36.综合素质 comprehensive quality

37.无可非议 blameless / beyond reproach

39.致力于/ 投身于 be committed / devoted to…

40. 应当承认 Admittedly,

41.不可推卸的义务 unshakable duty

42. 满足需求 satisfy/ meet the needs of…

43.可靠的信息源 a reliable source of information

44.宝贵的自然资源 valuable natural resources

45.因特网 the Internet (一定要由冠词,字母I 大写)

46.方便快捷 convenient and efficient

47.在人类生活的方方面面 in all aspects of human life

48.环保(的) environmental protection / environmentally friendly

49.社会进步的体现 a symbol of society progress

50.科技的飞速更新 the ever-accelerated updating of science and technology

51.对这一问题持有不同态度 hold different attitudes towards this issue

52.支持前/后种观点的人 people / those in favor of the former/ latter opinion

53.有/ 提供如下理由/ 证据 have/ provide the following reasons/ evidence

54.在一定程度上 to some extent/ degree / in some way

55. 理论和实践相结合 integrate theory with practice

56. …必然趋势 an irresistible trend of…

57.日益激烈的社会竞争 the increasingly fierce social competition

58.眼前利益 immediate interest/ short-term interest

59.长远利益. interest in the long run

60.…有其自身的优缺点 … has its merits and demerits/ advantages and disadvantages

61.扬长避短 Exploit to the full one’s favorable conditions and avoid unfavorable ones

62.取其精髓,取其糟粕 Take the essence and discard the dregs.

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63.对…有害 do harm to / be harmful to/ be detrimental to

64.交流思想/ 情感/ 信息 exchange ideas/ emotions/ information

65.跟上…的最新发展 keep pace with / catch up with/ keep abreast with the latest development of …

66.采取有效措施来… take effective measures to do sth.

67.…的健康发展 the healthy development of …

68.有利有弊 every coin has its two sides. No garden without weeds.

69.对…观点因人而异 Views on …vary from person to person.

70.重视 attach great importance to…

71.社会地位 social status

72.把时间和精力放在…上 focus time and energy on…

73.扩大知识面 expand one’s scope of knowledge

74.身心两方面 both physically and mentally

75.有直接/间接关系 be directly / indirectly related to…

76. 提出折中提议 set forth a compromise proposal

77. 可以取代 “think”的词 believe, claim, maintain, argue, insist, hold the opinion/ belief that

78.缓解压力/ 减轻负担 relieve stress/ burden

79.优先考虑/发展… give (top) priority to sth.

80.与…比较 compared with…/ in comparison with

81. 相反 in contrast / on the contrary.

82.代替 replace/ substitute / take the place of

83.经不起推敲 cannot bear closer analysis / cannot hold water

84.提供就业机会 offer job opportunities

85. 社会进步的反映 mirror of social progress

86.毫无疑问 Undoubtedly, / There is no doubt that…

87.增进相互了解 enhance/ promote mutual understanding

88.充分利用 make full use of / take advantage of

89.承受更大的工作压力suffer from heavier work pressure

90.保障社会的稳定和繁荣guarantee the stability and prosperity of our society

91.更多地强调put more emphasis on…

92.适应社会发展adapt oneself to the development of society

93.实现梦想realize one's dream/ make one's dream come true

94.主要理由列举如下The main reasons are listed as follows:

95.首先First, Firstly, In the first place, To begin with

96.其次Second, Secondly, In the second place

97.再次Besides, In addition, Additionally, Moreover, Furthermore

98.最后Finally, Last but not the least, Above all, Lastly,

99.总而言之All in all, To sum up, In summary, In a word,

100.我们还有很长的路要走We still have a long way to go

★高频形容词:

1.贫穷的:poor = needy = impoverished = poverty-stricken

2.富裕的:rich = wealthy = affluent = well-to-do = well-off

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3.优秀的:excellent = eminent = top = outstanding

4.积极的,好的:good = conducive = beneficial=advantageous

5.消极的,不良的:bad = detrimental = baneful =undesirable

6.明显的:obvious = apparent = evident =manifest

7.健康的: healthy = robust = sound = wholesome

8.惊人的:surprising = amazing = extraordinary = miraculous

9.美丽的:beautiful = attractive = gorgeous = eye-catching

10.有活力的:energetic = dynamic = vigourous =animated

11.流行的: popular = prevailing = prevalent = pervasive

★高频动词:

1.提高,加强:improve = enhance= promote = strengthen = optimize

2.引起:cause = trigger = endanger

3.解决:solve =resolve =address = tackle =cope with = deal with

4.拆除:destroy = tear down = knock down = eradicate

5.培养: develop = cultivate = foster = nurture

6.激发,鼓励:encourage = motivate = stimulate = spur

7.认为: think = assert = hold = claim = argue

8.完成:complete = fulfill = accomplish= achieve

9.保留:keep = preserve = retain = hold

10.有害于:destroy = impair = undermine = jeopardize

11.减轻: ease = alleviate = relieve = lighten

★高频名词:

1.影响:influence= impact

2.危险:danger = perils =hazards

3.污染:pollution = contamination

4.人类:human beings= mankind = humane race

5.老人: old people= the old = the elderly = the aged = senior citizens

6.幸福:happiness = cheerfulness = well-being

7.老师:teachers = instructors = educators = lecturers

8.教育:education = schooling = family parenting = upbringing

9.青少年:young people = youngsters = youths = adolescents

10.优点:advantage = merits = superiority = virtue

11.责任: responsibility = obligation = duty = liability

12.能力: ability = capacity = power = skill

13.职业: job = career = employment = profession

14.娱乐: enjoyment = pastimes = recreation= entertainment

15.孩子: children = offspring = descendant = kid

★高频短语:

1.充满了:be filled with = be awash with = be inundate with = be saturated with

2.努力:struggle for = aspire after = strive for = spare no efforts for

3.从事: embark on = take up = set about = go in for

4.在当代: in contemporarysociety = in present-day society= in this day and age

5.大量的: a host of = a multitude of = a vast number of = a vast amount of 教育类词汇

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1、具有别人不可比拟的优势have an incomparable advantage over others

2、承担责任assume one's responsibility

3、基础知识rudimentary knowledge

4、缺乏自信lack of confidence

5、适应adapt oneself to

6、头脑简单simple-minded

7、拥有明显优势possess an apparent advantage over

8、智慧ability and wisdom

9、摆脱get rid of

10、充分准备full preparation

11、感情交流emotional contact

12、过去的辉煌和成绩past glory and achievement

13、积极参加active participation

14、交际能力social skill

15、教学设施teaching facilities

16、老师和校方领导school teacher and administrator

17、强烈的失落感a strong sense of loss

18、使熟悉acquaintoneself with

19、消除孤独感和不适应感remove loneliness and disorientation

20、校方school authorities

21、校园活动campus activity

22、昂贵的学费costly tuitionfee

23、毕生的记忆lifelong memories

24、辨明是非distinguishright from wrong

25、成就感a sense of achievement

26、抵挡住诱惑resist the temptation

27、独立思考和学习independent thinking and learning

28、高素质、有经验的老师highly qualified、 well-experienced teaching staff

29、极大的财富an immenseasset

30、尖端科学advanced science

31、经济负担financial burden / strain

32、开阔视野widen one's horizon / broaden one's mind

33、跨文化交际cross-cultural communication

34、扩大知识面broaden one's scopeof knowledge

35、全身心投入be immersed in

36、人才短缺shortage of talent

37、人际交往能力interpersonalskill

38、伤感情的emotionally damaging

39、适应性强的be more adaptable

40、投身于throw oneself into

41、脱颖而出stand out from the crowd

42、一流的设备first-rate facilities

科技类

1、登月moon landing

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2、国家安全national security

3、核武器nuclear weapon

4、科学成就scientific achievement

5、科学仪器scientific instrument

6、可再生资源renewable energy sources

7、能源的耗损depletionof resources

8、能源危机energy crisis

9、人工智能artificial intelligence

10、踏足于set foot on

11、太空研究space exploration / space research

12、天然资源natural resources

13、现场直播live TV broadcast

14、濒危物种endangered species

15、环境恶化environment deterioration

16、机械劳动mechanical labor

17、家庭电器household appliance

18、全球变暖global warming

19、寿命life expectancy、 life span

20、处于灭绝的边缘be on the verge of extinction

21、促进人类社会的发展promote the development of human society

22、恶劣的环境hostile environment

23、降低成本lower the cost

24、降低风险lower the risks

25、破坏社会稳定undermine the social stability

26、提高工作效率improve work efficiency

27、提高生产力increase the productivity

28、下岗工人laid-off worker

29、不合伦理道德的ethically and morally wrong

30、改善生活质量improve the quality of life

31、出现、产生come into being

32、机器翻译mechanical translation

33、不可避免的趋势an inevitable trend

34、大量的知识储备vast stores of knowledge

35、个人优缺点individual strengths and weaknesses

36、个性化的改变personalised shift

37、老师指导下的学习teacher-directed learning

38、有深远的影响have a profound effect on

39、环保的environmentally friendly

40、散布信息disseminateinformation

41、身心健康physical and mental health

42、受到普遍欢迎gain widespread popularity

43、有深远的影响exert a far-reaching influence on

44、在线金融交易online financialtransaction

45、直接的反馈instant feedback

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46、把虚幻当现实take fantasy for reality

47、不健康的生活方式unwholesome lifestyle

48、大量的信息vast quantities of information

49、技术的局限性technical limitation

50、加速信息的传播acceleratethe flow of information

51、令人注目的eye-catching

52、信息高速公路information superhighway

54、不合要求be not up to standard

55、传统的学校教育conventionalschool education

56、工作的稳定性job security

57、减少往返上下班的时间reductions in commuting time

58、接触、面对be exposed to

59、经济有效的cost-effective

60、灵活的工作环境flexible work environment

61、恰当的监管proper supervisionand guidance

62、全面的知识a comprehensive knowledge

63、人力资源human resources

64、综合国力overall national strength

65、广告行业的兴旺发达the thriving of the advertising industry

66、建立和实施针对所有媒体的严格的审查制度establish and impose a strict censorship on all mass media

67、随着因特网技术出现with the advent of the Internet technology

68、一个公认的事实a generally acknowledged fact

69、在这个日益电脑化的世界中in this increasinglycomputerized world

70、如今,很多年轻人沉浸在电脑游戏中,以至于废寝忘食,产生了许多消极结果。 Many youngsters today are so preoccupied with computer games as to for sake food and sleep, resulting in a host of adverse consequences

环境类

1,对健康构成潜在威胁pose a threat to health

2、供应不足be in short supply

3、化学污染物chemical pollutant

4、节水的习惯water-saving habit

5、水的分布distribution of water

6、水资源保护water conservation

7、水资源短缺water shortage

8、饮用水drinking water

9、有害物质hazardous material

10、在危险中at risk

11、被耗尽be exhausted

12、城市垃圾urban garbage

13、达到高效achieve high efficiency

14、当场处罚on-the-spot fine

15、对环境不利be unfriendly to the environment

16、环境恶化environmental degradation

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17、火灾隐患a fire hazard

18、垃圾的回收和处理litter collection and disposal

19、垃圾分类garbage classification

20、破坏环境ruin the environment

21、提高大众的环保意识promote the public awareness of environmental protection; arouse people's awareness of environmental protection

22、采取强有力的措施take stronger and harsher measures

23、有限资源finite resource

24、电脑监控系统computer monitoring system

25、缓解交通阻塞的压力relieve the traffic congestion

26、加快车流量acceleratethe flow of traffic

27、交通法规traffic law and regulation

28、认识不够lack adequate awareness

29、有损形象sopil the image

30、遵守交通法规observe traffic regulation

31、补救性措施remedial measure

32、急性病acute disease

33、慢性病chronic disease

34、人口密集的densely-populated

35、有益健康的conductive to good health

36、致命的疾病fatal disease

37、广泛的采用be used intensively

38、想出一个可行的解决方法figure out a feasible solution

39、一个公认的事实a generally acknowledged fact

40、是某事成为当务之急make something a top priority

In China, no transportation means is more popular than bicycles.

There is no romance more romantic than aging with you minute by minute, year by year, and millennium by millennium.

No one can deny the fact that disposable plastic bags have been widely used in daily life.

Nobody could have failed to notice the fact that there are a variety of recreational activities. To illustrate, by watching movies or by listening to music, modern people can relax themselves. An increasing number of A growing number of Museums in increasing numbers

It can not be denied that … There is no denying the fact that … It can be noticed that … Thousands of people, especially ordinary workers and teachers, ride ….

In contemporary /modern society, nobody can fail to notice the fact that a large number of people, especially college / university graduates, have trouble in finding satisfactory jobs.

According to a recent survey conducted by China Daily, 86.43% Chinese families possess at least one bicycle.

Nobody can fail to notice the fact that Spring Festival Gala is very popular with Chinese people. In Spring Festival Eve, thousands of audience-man and woman, old and young-enjoy the excellent shows/performance/TV programs, especially Zhao Benshan’s plays.

According to one of the latest surveys conducted by CCTV in …, 83.84% of Chinese audience-man and woman, young and old-choose to watch …,

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Inferior

Products/goods/articles/items of superior quality

Very important =of vital/utmost importance

In comparison with …,

Bicycles, compared with cars, are superior/more advantageous in many ways.

I, disappointed with NO, will blow it off.

Inconvenient

As one of modern college students, I surf the Internet every day to acquire / gain / get useful information I need, to download the movies and music I like, and to chat with friends I miss. Contribute a lot to keeping healthy/fit.

Although CC is a girl, she looks like a beauty-killer.

Girl as/though CC is, .

Faster and more comfortable as cars are,

Young as she is, she is knowledgeable/of good knowledge.

Advantageous as/ though it is, never can we ignore / neglect/ turn a blind eye to its drawbacks /problems /shortcomings /downsides.

On no account can we become the slaves of …

No longer am I the one I used to be.

Scarcely Time-consuming Worse still,

Congestion First and foremost,

To make matters worse,

There are too numerous examples to list, but I just cite the following one.

Do great harm to Impair

While still a student, I played several roles in movies.

Study harder than they are called for

When walking on the streets, we can see ads on the wall; when watching TV, we can see ads between the interval of programs; when listening to radios, we can

Have no option but to do

Psychological Unsociable and eccentric

Enrich one’s experience

Broaden one’s horizon.

Causes/accounts

To be more specific,

Advantageous as traveling is, hardly can others turn a blind eye to its drawbacks.

I, as well as many others, am convinced that the advantages far outweigh /outnumber its disadvantages.

1. It is necessary for sb to do

Important / significant/ essential /crucial /indispensable … advisable

it is suggested that sb should do sth …

advocated /important

3 … is supposed to … so that …

4. by doing sth, one can/is able to/has opportunities to do …

By participating campus activities, college students are able to acquire some social knowledge and become mature. 5. enable sb to do

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