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新牛津英语7Aunit4知识点及重点词汇

发布时间:2014-01-25 10:59:05  

教学目标:时间的介词的用法及重点词汇辨析

be nice/friendly to sb.

do morning exercises

do after-school activities

be late for

chat with each other

practise doing sth. 练习做某事

have much time to do sth. 有许多时间做某事

get ready for sth. 为某事做好准备

be good for sb. 对某人有好处

have too much homework 有太多的家作

have too many books 有太多的书

wake sb. up=wake up sb. 把某人叫醒(人称代词必须放中间)

It is time to do sth.=It is time for sth. 该(做)......的时候了。

It is time for sb. to do sth. 该某人做某事的时候了。

go on a picnic=go on picnics 去野餐

learn a lot about the world关于世界了解很多

表示意见建议的句型

Shall we do sth?

Why not do sth?=why don’t you do sth?

Let’s do sth.

What about doing sth/sth?=how about doing sth/sth?

Would you like to do sth/sth?= do you want to do sth/sth?

too much, too many, much too

too much + 不可数名词 (也可以修饰动词放在动词后)

too many + 可数名词

much too + 形容词/副词

eg: please don’t drink too much.

I have too much homework to do.

There are too many people on the bus.

? 练习:1. tell him not to eat _____.it’s bad for his health.

? A. too much B. much too C. too many

2The car cost _____ that he couldn’t afford it.

A. too much B. much too C. too many D. so much

3____ people don’t know that keeping our earth clean is ______ important.

A. too much B. much too C. too many D. so much

对数量提问, 用“How many+可数n复数”,“How much+不可数n”

How much TV do you watch every day? How many books do you have ?

★say , tell,speak , talk 四者 都有―说‖、―讲‖的意思。

▲ say一般作及物动词用,着重说话的内容,它的宾语可以是名词,代词或宾语从句。

用法:say to sb. say+ 说话内容

eg: He can say his name.

Please say it in English.

▲ speak强调说的动作,不强调所说的内容 。此外speak还可用于在较为正式的场合了表演讲或演说。主要表示说话的本能和方式,发言等

speak+ 语言 speak to sb.

speak about/ of/ on sth.

speak of 意为“提到、说起” speak to [with] sb (about sth

Can you speak Japanese?

She is speaking to her teacher.

He spoke at the meeting yesterday.

▲ talk 一般为不及物动词,意思是―交谈,谈话,着重强调两具之间的相互说话。 用法: talk with/to sb. talk about sth

have a talk with 意为“与......交谈”

give a talk做报告 (talk n.报告)

have a talk听报告

eg: She is talking with Lucy in English.

What are you talking about?

▲ tell常作及物动词,意为―讲述,告诉

tell the truth 说真话 tell a lie说谎

tell the time ―报时― tell a story讲故事

tell about a person / a game / a success

tell sb. sth./ tell sth. to sb.

tell sb. to do sth.

tell : 辨别,说出区别 tell A from B

tell the differences between A and B

eg: He is telling the children a story.

Did you tell her the news?=Did you tell the news to her?

1.Don't______to your mother like that. 2.May I ______to Mr Green?

3.I don't like the way you_________.

4.Mr Wu wants me to give a ______in class tomorrow.

5.My mother used to_______ me a story before I want to bed.

6.Can you ________ the differences between the two words?

7.Who is going to ______ at the meeting?

★how long, how often, how far, how soon

how long意为―多久、多长时间‖,主要是对一段时间进行提问,答语通常是(for)three days/weeks/months等时间段,它可用于各种时态。

How long do you stay in Beijing every year?

how often意为―多久……次、是否经常‖,用来提问在某一特定的时间进行某个动作的次数,答语通常是always,usually,often,sometimes,once/twice a day/month等。

How often do you get to school very early?

how far意为―多远‖,对距离提问时用。

--How far is that? –five minutes’ walk

how soon意为―还要多久‖,常用在一般将来时态的句子中,其答语通常是―in + 一段时间‖。 —How soon can you finish the work? 还要多久你能完成这项工作?

—In half an hour. 半小时后。

1— Xiao Wang, _____will it take to fly to Guangzhou?

—Sorry, I do not know.

A. how far B. how soon C. how many D. how long

2. ―____does he watch TV‖ ―Once a week.‖

A. How long B. How soon C. How often D. How many

3. ________does it take you to finish you homework every day?

A. How long B. How often C. How soon D. How much

4.______is your home from the school? Three miles

A. how far B. how soon C. how many D. how long

表示时间的介词(in,on,at)

介词in, on, at在表示时间时的用法区别

①in时间范围大(一天以上)如:in Tanuary, in winter, in 1999;泛指在上午,下午,晚上,如:in the morning(afternoon, evening).

习惯用法:in the daytime 在白天。

②on指在某一天或某一天的上午,下午,晚上,如:on Monday, on Sunday afternoon, on July 1, 1999

③at时间最短,一般表示点时间,如at six o’clock, at three thirty.习惯用法:at night, at noon, at this time of year.

1. We have lunch at school ____ 12 o’clock.

2. Jack eats some bread and beef _______breakfast.

3. My friends give me some presents ____ Christmas every year.

4.[Kitty’s birthday is ___ 15th June.

5. He will have his birthday party ________ the afternoon of May 12th.

6. Birds fly to the south ____ autumn. 7. In Hainan Island, it is very warm ____ the evening. 8. He was born _______ 1995.

9. There are two windows________ the wall.

10. The broom is________ the door. I can’t see it.

、单项填空 。 20%

( )l. Her parents ______ from Shanghai.

A. are all B. all are C. both are D. are both

( )2. My brother likes to play ______ volleyball before ______ supper.

A. the; the B. /;the C. the;/ D. /;/

( )3. Would you like _______ a film with me?

A. to see B. seeing C. to look D. looking at

( )4. Do you often _______ the radio? X Kb 1.C om

A. listen B. listen to C. hear D. hear of

( )5. ______ mother's bike isn't blue. ______ bike is red.

A. I; Her B. My; Her C. My; She D. I; She

( )6. Thank you for ________ us the news.

A. tell B. to tell C. telling D. tells

( )7. I don't know how ______.

A. make a model plane B. to make a model plane

C. making a model plane D. makes a model plane

( )8. He doesn't have much time ______.

A. chats with his friends B. to chat with his friends

C. chat with his friends D. chatting with his friends

( )9. We often practise ______.

A. to play football B. playing football C. playing the football D. to play the football

( )10. ---What are you doing?

---I'm ______ a book.

A. reading B. seeing C. watching D. looking

( )11. Millie goes to the Computer Club ______a week.

A. twice B. two times C. second time D. two

( )12. We can find ________ on the Internet.

A. a lot of information B. lots of information

C. much information D. All the above

( )13. Do you know the answer ______ the question?

A. to B. of C. at D. in

( )14. --- ______the door, please.

---Come in, please. The door ______.

A. Be open; opens B. Be open; is opening C. Open; is open D. Open; opens

( )15. It's time ______.

A. for school B. to school C. to go to school D. A and C

( ) 16. Tom's father is a Maths teacher. He teaches ________ Maths very______.

A. we; good B. us; well C. we; well D. us; good

( ) 17. I'm very busy. I have ________ things to do.

A. much B. no C. a lot D. lots of

( ) 18. I don't like badminton ________ it's hard ________ me.

A. reason; for B. because; for C. reason; to D. because; to

( ) 19. Is there any good ________ for me?

A. things B. news C. Maths D. books

( ) 20. ________ lots of nice people at my new school.

A. There is B. There have C. There are D. There has

词汇运用。15% 新|课 |标| 第 |一| 网

A) 根据句意及提示,写出句中所缺单词。

1. We usually sit at the table chatting after ______(晚饭).

2.---Do you_______(锻炼)every day? ---Yes, in the evening.

3. She does some reading in the_______(图书馆)on Saturday.

4. These (问题)are very difficult. I can't answer them. Can you help me?

5. My father likes reading when he is free.

B)用所给单词的适当形式填空。

6. Millie does after-school ______ (activity) at 4:30 p.m.

7. Look! The shop is ______ (close). Let's come here tomorrow.

8. Thanks for ______ (tell) me the good news.

9. Millie is my best friend. I usually chat with ______ (she) after school.

10. ---Which is the ______ (one) day of a week? --- Sunday.

C) 用所给动词的适当时态填空。

11. Sally often_______ (read) newspapers after supper.

12. There_______ (be) a lot of things to do at Millie's school.

13. ---_______ you_______ (have)a trip every month? ---No, we don't.

14. Shirley loves_______(listen) to music at lunchtime.

15. His parents say he shouldn't ______ (watch) too much TV or films.

翻译15%

1.你可以从学校图书馆里借到各种各样的书。

________________________________________________________________________

2.他是学校排球队的队员。

________________________________________________________________________

3.我们大家都希望你能梦想成真。

________________________________________________________________________

4.你能带领我们参观你们的新学校吗?

________________________________________________________________________

5.谢谢你告诉了我们关于你朋友的情况。

________________________________________________________________________

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