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《新起点英语》(五年级下册)语言知识(用于期末复习)(小学英语老师整理出来的专业资料)

发布时间:2014-01-26 15:01:01  

《新起点英语》(五年下册)语言知识梳理

Unit 9语言知识:

2、名词复数: dish----dishes kind----kinds thing----things

carrot----carrots answer---answers

country----countries activity----activities

3、动词单三: go---goes do----does

4、动词现在分词:

skate----skating kick----kicking rain----raining play---playing

run----running shop----shopping swim----swimming

5、比较级、最高级 many/much----more fast----faster

win(v.)赢---winner(n.)冠军

2. play sports 做运动 26. after school activity 课外活动

3. go shopping 去购物 27. wake up 醒来

4. go for a picnic 去野餐 28. on Saturday(s) 在周六

5. play in the school band参加校乐队 29. at noon 在中午

6. play the flute 吹笛子 30. go to the movies 去看电影

7. do the dishes 洗碗 31. go outside 到外面去

8. make a model plane 制作航模 32. walk the dog 遛狗

9. learn to act 举办表演 33. talk on the phone 通过电话交流、

10. kick a shuttlecock 踢毽子 谈话

11. go to the drama club 参加戏剧社 34. at this time 在这个时候

12. go roller-skating 去滚轴溜冰 35. look for sb. / sth. (n/pron 宾格)

13. play badminton 打羽毛球 寻找……(强调找的过程)

14. after school 放学后 find 找到……(强调找的结果)

15. how often 多久一次 36. look at sb. / sth. (n/pron 宾格)

16. go to the gym 去体育馆 看……

17. once a week 一周一次 37. look after sb. / sth. (n/pron 宾格)

18. students’ usual activities 学生们照顾/照看某人;看管某物

的日常活动 38.look out of…. 向……外面看

19. have a piano lesson 上钢琴课 39. forget to do sth. 忘记做某事

21. in a special school 在一所专业(未做的事)

学校 40. wait for + sb. / sth(n/pron 宾格)

22. around the world 世界各地 等某人/某事

23. kinds of music 许多种音乐 41. wait and wait 等了又等

24. of course 当然

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Go ahead. 去做……吧可以……(表示许可对方做某事,根据语境翻译)

May I draw a picture here? Go ahead.(去画吧。)

Can I watch TV now? Sure, go ahead.(当然可以,去看吧。)

句型:

What do you do after school?

I often do sth....

How often do you go there? I do sth once/twice a.... How often does she/he…? She / He does sth....

语法

1、对含有频率词提问用“how often...?”

e.g. (就划线部分提问)

How often do you go shopping?

2、乐器前有“the ” ,球类前没有“the ”

e.g. play the piano play soccer

3、动词现在分词的构成

①一般情况下在动词末尾直接加“ing”

finish---finishing go----going

②动词以不发音“e”结尾,去“e”加 “ing”

live----living come----coming

③在重读闭音节中,以辅音字母结尾,辅音字母前是一个元音字母,双写辅音字母,再加“ing”

cut----cutting swim----swimming

Unit 10语言知识:

1、set the table 摆放餐具 look after the dog look after her

2、clean the living room 打扫客厅 11. finish the art project 完成手工制

3、take out the garbage 倒垃圾 作

4、sweep the floor 扫地 12、practice the piano练习弹钢琴

5、make the bed 铺床 13、study for a test 复习准备考试

6、clear the table 收拾桌子 14、the day after tomorrow 后天

7、have to 不得不 15、go ahead 去做……吧!可以……!

8、a lot of+ c(pl)/u 许多 16、what about+sb./sth./doing

eg: a lot of books 许多书 sth. ……怎么样?

a lot of water 许多水 how about+sb./sth./doing

9、do chores 做家务 sth. ……怎么样?

10、look after sb./sth.(宾格) 照看,照 eg: What about you?

顾, 看管 What about this cap?

eg: look after my sister What about watching TV?

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17、go swimming 游泳

18、watch TV 看电视

21、go home 回家

23、thank you for 为……而感谢

24、go shopping 购物

25、go to the library 去图书馆

26、listen the music 听音乐 27、go to the park 去公园 28、It’s time to do sth. 是该做某事的时间了。 It’s time for sth. 到……的时间了。 29、next time下次 30、play football 踢足球

交际用语:

1. go ahead. 去做……吧,可以……

(表示许可,允许对方做某事。根据语境翻译)

eg: May I draw a picture here? Go ahead.(去画吧)

Can I watch TV now? Sure, go ahead. (当然可以,去看吧)

2. Can I go to the movies?

Sure, you can. But first you have to finish your project.

Sorry, you can’t. You have to practice the violin.

句型一:谈论某人必须(不得不)做某事

肯定句:主语+ have/ has to do sth.

Eg. I have to do sth.

否定句: 主语+ don’t have to do sth.

Eg. 1. I don’t have to clean the room.

2. My mother doesn’t have to go shopping.

一般疑问句及答语:Do / Does +主语+have to do sth?

Yes, +主语do/does. No, +主语+don’t./ doesn’t. Eg. 1. Do you have to do your homework?

Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.

2. Does Tom have to do chores every day?

Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t.

特殊疑问句: 特殊疑问词 + do / does +主语+ have to do sth?

Eg. 1. What chores do you have to do?

2. What do you have to do in your spare time?

句型二:be going to +动词原形(将来时)

eg:肯定句:It is going to be sunny tomorrow.

否定句:It isn’t going to be sunny tomorrow.

一般疑问句及答语:Is it going to be sunny tomorrow?

Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t

特殊疑问句:What’s the weather going to be like tomorrow?

= How is the weather going to be tomorrow?

测试题:It is going to be sunny tomorrow. (写出同意句)

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—It will be sunny tomorrow.

语法:

1、 在具体某一天的前面用on

eg: on Monday 在星期一

2、 单词以元音开头时,前面冠词用an

eg: an e-mail 一封电子邮件 an ear 一只耳朵

an eye 一只眼睛 an elephant 一头大象 an office 一间办公室 an hour 一小时

Unit 11语言知识:

1. get plenty of sleep保持充足睡眠 23. go to see a doctor看医生

2. wash your hands before eating 24. wear a sweater穿着毛衣

吃饭前洗手 25.drink more water/milk喝更多水/牛

3. drink milk every day 每天喝牛奶 奶

4. clean the desk 擦桌子 26. brush your teeth(

5. leave garbage everywhere 到处扔27. 垃圾 28. right after

6. drink too much pop 喝太多汽水 29. feel tired感觉累

7. stay up late 熬夜 30. feel sleepy感觉困

8. eat too much chocolate 吃太多巧31. get good marks得好的分数

克力 32. be good at + sth. (n/pron宾格)/

9. eat too much meat 吃太多肉 doing sth.擅长某事/做某事

10. role play 角色表演 33. have a problem有个问题

11. keep fit 保持健康 34. 宾格)

13. tell (n/pron宾格)something 有些建议給某人

about doing sth 告诉谋人关于做某35. do morning exercises做早操 事的事 36. try these things试着做这些事

14. too many

37. feel better感觉好

15. 吃太38. look like看起来像 多汉堡包

39. want to be 想成为

16. too much 40. healthy habits健康习惯

太多的牛奶 41. school rules 学校规章

17. have a headache 头痛 42. home chores 家务

18. have a running nose 流鼻涕 43. wonderful food 很棒的食物

19. have a cold 患了感冒 44. need to do 需要做

20. have a stomachache 胃疼 45. kinds of food许多种食物

21. have a toothache 牙痛 46. the bottom of the pyramid 金字塔

22. go to bed上床睡觉 底部

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47. the top of the pyramid 金字塔顶54. come out 出来 部 55. a big dinner 大餐

48. a little+ U 少许、一点……(强调56. good health 好的健康状况 少而有) 57. good habits 好的习惯

a little sugar/ fat 一点盐/脂肪 58. bad habits 坏的习惯

49. junk food 垃圾食品 59. keep clean 保持干净

50. be bad for…(n/pron宾格) 对……60. before doing sth. 在做某事之前

有害

before eating 吃饭前

对健康有害 61. a grade-five student 一名五年

51. plenty of+pl)大量的……级的学生

许多的…… 62.talk about sb./sth/doing sth.

plenty of fruit and vegetables许多(n/pron宾格) 谈论某人/某事/做某

的水果和蔬菜 事

52. walk by the sea 在海边散步 63. agree with sb. (n/pron宾格) 53 wish(es) for…希望…… 同意某人的意见

交际用语:

1. What’s wrong? 你怎么了

2. I have a cold/ headache/ toothache/ stomachache 我感冒/头痛/牙痛/胃痛。

3. They tell us something about keeping fit. 他们告诉我们一些关于保持健康

的事。

4. What should I do? 我应该做什么?

5. I’m the shortest and thinnest boy in my class. 在我们班,我是最矮的最瘦的。

6. I really want to be tall and strong. 我真的很想又高又强壮。

7. They’re bad for our health. 他们对我们的健康有害。

8. I have some advice for you. 我有一些建议给你。

9. I don’t get good marks. 我没有得好的分数。

10. You’ll soon feel better. 你不久将会感觉很好。

11. Do you wash your hands before eating? 在饭前你洗手了吗?

12. Now I see. 我知道了。

13. Let’s talk about good habits and bad habits.

让我们谈论好的习惯和坏的习惯。

14. I agree with you. 我同意你的意见。

五. 句型:

(一)含情态动词should的句型

肯定句:主(sb)+ should + do sth.

e.g. I should drink milk every day. We should eat some fruit.

否定句:主(sb)+ shouldn’t + do sth.

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e.g. You shouldn’t play too much on the computer.

He shouldn’t leave garbage everywhere.

一般疑问句:Should+ 主 + do sth.?

e.g. Should I watch TV?Yes, you should.

Should she eat junk food?No, she shouldn’t.

特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+主(sb)+ should+ do sth.

e.g. What should I do?

特殊情况:

主(sb)+ should be+ adj…

e.g. I should be young and strong.

主(sb)+ shouldn’t be+ adj…

e.g. He shouldn’t be talkative.

测试题型举例:根据要求完成各题

1. I always feel tired. What should I do? ( 用exercise回答)

every day.

2. You should get plenty of sleep. (改为否定句)

对画线部分提问)

with you?

4. Lucy should drink more water. (改为否定句)

5. I should eat some candy? (变为一般疑问句)

(二)主语+ wish for sth.

Eg. I wish for good marks.

五. 语法小结:

(一)关于should

1、用should提建议通常含有命令、批评、责备等语气,多用于熟人或朋友之间。

2、第一人称疑问句中,用于征求对方意见。

例如:Should I help you wash clothes? 要我帮你洗衣服?

Should I go there by bus? 我是否应当坐公共汽车去那里?

3、使用should的几点注意:

1)should+动词原形。

2)should 的否定直接在后面加not, 疑问句直接把should提前。

3)没有第三人称和数的变化。

(二)拓展: a little 与little 辨析

1.little ① adj 小的

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The little birds are beautiful.

② adj 少的, 少许.一点(强调“有而少”表示否定含义)

There is little water in the cup. 茶杯里几乎没有水了。

2. a little少许.一点(强调“少而有”表示肯定含义)

There is a little water in the cup. 茶杯里还有点水。

Unit 12语言知识:

短语:

1、at least 至少 9、stay up late 熬夜

3、take a shower 洗澡 11 、on the way to… 在去……的路上

4、brush your teeth 刷牙 12、feed fish 喂鱼

5、comb your hair 梳头 14 、look after the dog 照顾狗

6、wash your hands 洗手 18、have a picnic 野餐

7、care for 关心 19、go shopping 购物

8、see the doctor 看医生 22、go to concerts 去音乐会

表示频率的词或短语:

never、often、sometimes、once a week、 three times a week、

every day

三、交际用语

1、What wrong? 5、To be healthy.

2、What is the matter with you? 6、What time is it?

3、I have a cold. 7、What is the time?

4、You will enjoy your life. 8、I have an idea!

四、句型:

句型一:描述某人必须(不得不)做某事

肯定句: 主语 + have/has to do sth.

I have to go home now.

He has to do his homework.

否定句: 主语 + doesn’t have to do sth.

I don’t have to go home now.

He doesn’t have to do his homework.

一般疑问句: Do you have to go home? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.

Does he have to do his homework?

Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t.

特殊疑问句: 特殊疑问词 + do/does + 主语 + have to do sth?

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What do you have to do?

What does he have to do?

Unit 13 语言知识:

单词的过去式

do-did go-went visit-visited watch-watched play-played clean-cleaned stay-stayed row-rowed climb-climbed sing-sang dance-danced eat-ate study-studied is(am)-was are-were

三、短语

1. last weekend 上周末 26. see the animal show 看动物表演

2. do homework 做作业 27. do some chores 做一些家务

3. go to a dancing lesson去上舞蹈课 28. an exciting weekend 一个令

4. go to the park 去公园 人兴奋的周末

5. visit grandparents 拜访祖父母 29. hockey team 曲棍球队

6. watch TV 看电视 30. by bus 乘公共汽车

7. play the piano 弹钢琴 31. stay in a big hotel呆在一家大旅馆

8. clean the living room 打扫客厅 32. get up 起床

9. stay at home 呆在家 33. eat breakfast 吃早餐

10. play ping-pong 打乒乓球 34. play games 做游戏

11. go to the club 去俱乐部 35. the gold medal game 金牌比赛

12. go to the math club 去数学俱乐部 36. back home 回家

13. clean the room 打扫房间 37. wash the face 洗脸

14. row the boat 划船 38. kiss mom/dad 吻妈妈/爸爸

15. climb a hill 爬山 39. in front of 在……前面

16. eat the cake 吃蛋糕 40. get angry 变生气

17. all day 整天,全天 41. feed the animal 喂动物

18. study English 学习英语 42. have a good time=have a great

19. go to a birthday party 去生日聚会 time=have fun 玩的高兴

20. play computer games玩电脑游戏 43. watch a football match 观看足

21. visit friends 拜访朋友 球比赛

in the moring 在早上 44. the Science Museum 科学博物馆

22. in the afternoon 在下午 45. wash colthes 洗衣服

23. in the evening 在晚上 46. go shopping 去购物

24. make a birthday cake 制作一个生47. practice the piano 练习钢琴

日蛋糕 48. play sports=do sports 做运动

25. go to the zoo 去动物园

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一、 句型:过去时的句子结构

(一)句子中有be动词

a.肯定句:主语+was / were+其他。 其他。

Eg: I was a teacher before. Eg:I went to the park yesterday.

b.否定句:主语+ wasn’t / weren’t b.否定句:主语+ didn’t + 动词原形++not+其他。 其他。

Eg: I wasn’t a teacher before. Eg: I didn’t go to the park yesterday. c.一般疑问句:Was / Were +主语+其c.一般疑问句:Did+主语+动词原形+他? 其他?

肯定回答:Yes,主语+ was / were. 肯定回答: Yes, 主语 + did.

否定回答:No,主语+ wasn’t / weren’t. 否定回答:No, 主语 + didn’t.

Eg: Were you a teacher before? Eg: Did you go to the park Yes, I was. No, I wasn’t. yesterday?

(二) 句子中有实义动词 Yes, I did. No, I a.肯定句:主语 + 动词的过去式 + didn’t.

Unit 14 语言知识:

单词:动词不规则的过去式

see-----saw feel------felt eat------ate swim------swam

lose-----lost sleep------slept have-----has take------took / drink-----drank go------went come-----came

短语:

1. a wonderful vacation 一个精彩14. in the sea 在海里

的假期 15. have a lot of fun 过得愉快

2. feel cold 感觉寒冷 16. ride horses 骑马

3. eat ice-cream 吃冰淇淋 17. make some new friends 交一

4. see animals 看动物 些新朋友

5. lose camera 丢失照相机 18. teach English 教英语

6. stay in the hotel 待在旅馆里 19. by+交通工具 乘坐交通工具

7. sleep late 晚睡 20. climb hills 爬山

8. drink cold drinks 喝冷饮 21. 拜访一个老朋友

9. on the beach 在海滨 22. 宾格) 为

10. have pizza 吃比萨 某人买某物

11. buy some souvenirs 买纪念品 宾格)

12. on one’

23. buy many gifts 买许多礼物

13. 许多 24. in the past ten years 在过去的

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十年里 29. the Oriental Pearl Tower 东方明

25. learn many languages 学习许珠电视塔

多语言 30. the whole day 一整天

26. on one’s trip 在某人的旅途中 31. a beautiful place 一个美丽的地方

27. different countries 不同的国家 32. look for sb. / sth. (n./pron宾格)

28. around the world 世界各地 寻找……

交际用语:

1. Where did you go on your vacation?

I / We went to…

2. How did you go there?

I / We went there by…

语法:动词的一般过去时

I. 一般过去时的概念

一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态。常和表示过去的时间状语连用。如:last year, yesterday等; 也可表示过去经常反复发生的动作,常和often, always等频率副词连用。

例如:①I saw him in the street yesterday. 昨天我在街上看见他了。

②Li Mei always went to school on foot last year. 去年李梅总是步行上学。

II. 一般过去时的构成

我们主要来学习谓语动词为实义动词的一般过去时的构成。

动词过去式的构成:

(1)规则动词过去式的构成有四条规则:

①一般在动词原形末尾直接加上-ed。

在清辅音后面ed发/t/,e.g. look-looked。

在浊辅音和元音后面ed发/d/,eg. play—palyed, rain—rained;

在/ t / ,/ d / 后面发/ id / eg. wanted。如:

②以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,直接加d。如:live-lived。

③末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,先双写这个辅音字母,再加-ed。如:stop-stopped。

④末尾是辅音字母+y结尾的动词,先变y为i,然后再加-ed 读/d/。如:study-studied。

(2)不规则动词的过去式需特殊记忆。如:

am(is)-was, are-were, go-went, come-came, take-took, have (has)-had等。

III. 一般过去时的几种句型

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肯定句:主语 + 动词的过去式 + 其它。如:

He went to the toy store yesterday. 他昨天去玩具店了。

否定句:主语+ did not (didn’t) + 动词原形 + 其它。如:

He didn’t go to the toy store yesterday. 他昨天没去玩具店。

一般疑问句:Did + 主语+动词原形+其它?如:

1) -Did you go to Beijing last week?

-Yes, we did. (No, we didn’t.) 2) -Did you meet the businessman before? -No, I didn’t. (Yes, I did.)

特殊疑问句:疑问词+did+主语+动词原形+其它?如:

1) -What did you do last night?

-I did my homework.

2) -Where did you go last week?

-I went to Shanghai with my parents.

例子:Yesterday, I lost my camera.(肯定句)

Yesterday, I didn’t lose my camera.(否定句)

Did you lose your camera yesterday?(一般疑问句)

划线提问:What did you do yesterday?

Unit15语言知识

英语中序数词构成规则:

1、第1----第19中第1、第2、第3为特殊变化。

第4----第19末尾都有th, 但第5、第8、 第9、第12几个序数词是在5、8、9、12几个基数词稍加变化后再加th.

特殊序数词:

第一 first =1st 第二 second =2nd 第三 third= 3rd

第五 fifth= 5th 第八 eighth =8th 第九 ninth = 9th

第十二 twelfth =12th

其余几个序数词则是在原来基数词后直接加th. e.g: thirteenth (第13)

2、 整十数单词的序数词是在基数词的基础上把末尾字母y变成ieth,

e.g: twenty------twentieth

3、 其他的21----100以内的序数词(整十数除外)是在整十的基数词后直接

加第1---第9的序数词。e.g: twenty-first (第21) eighty- sixth (第86)

4、 序数词缩写形式均为:

第1: 1th、第2:2nd、第3:3rd

其余均为阿拉伯数字+th。 e.g: fourth(4th) eighty-fifth (85th)

? noisy(形容词)——noise(名词)

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一、 短语

1、nursery school 幼儿园 19、on the farm 在农场

2、primary school 小学 20、too much 太多

3、Young Pioneer 少先队员 21、in a few weeks 几周以后

4、be born 出生

5、this year 今年 22、once upon a time 从前

6、last year 去年 23、run away 跑开,逃跑

7、be good at sth/doing sth 24、one by one 一个接一个

擅长某事/

25、come out of 从……出来

8、

26、learn to do sth 学习做某事

许多 27、start to do sth 开始做某事

9、PE class 体育课 28、on May 5th,1994 在1994

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、math competition 数学竞赛 年5月5日

13、ride a bike 29、be different from 与……不同

16、充足的睡眠 30、last summer 去年夏天

17、healthy food 绿色食品

18、look up 向上看

二、 交际用语:

1、 When were you born?

I was born on May15th,1994.

2、 When did you learn to ride a bike?

When I was 6 years old.

3、 How are you different from two years ago?

Two years ago, I was …

This year, I am…

三、 一般过去时句型

句型一:主语+ v.(过去式)+ ……

Did + 主语 + v.(原形)+ ……

特殊疑问词+ did + 主语+ v.(原形)+ ……

句型二:主语 + was / were+ ……

Was / Were + 主语 + ……

特殊疑问词+ was / were + 主语+ ……

六、 语法:

一般过去时: 叙述过去发生的事情或存在的状态。(句中的动词用过去式)

动词 动词过去式 become became

start started win won

learn learned 动词 动词过去式

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am was are were

is was do did

Unit16语言知识:

短语

1. be born 出生 19. go back to sp 回到某地

2. on+月+日+年 在……年,月,日 20. be happy to do sth 做某事很高兴

in +月/年 在……月/年 21. some good news 一些好消息

on +日 在……日 22. last month 上个月

3. last winter 去年冬天 23. move to sp 搬到某地

4. four years old 四岁 24. land in 登陆在……

5. learn to do sth 学会做某事 25. Caribbean sea 加勒比海

last weekend 上周末 26. try to do sth 尽力做某事

6. visit sb/sp 看望/参观 人/地方 27. South America 南美

7. on the farm 在农场 28. high school 高中

8. last winter vacation 去年寒假 29. take off one’s leg 切掉某人的腿

9. send sb sth = send sth to sb 送给30. give up 放弃

某人某物 31. in the hospital 在医院

10. for a long time 很长一段时间 32. run across 拜访/参观

11. be busy 繁忙 33. feel sick 觉得恶心/感觉不舒服

12. there are + n(pl) +地点某处有某物 34. keep doing sth 继续做某事

there + is + n +地点 35. hundreds of 成千上百的

13. in my life 在我的生活里 36. thousands of 成千上万的

14. Dalian No. 1 Primary school 大37. be proud of 骄傲

连第一小学 38. in the playground 在操场上

15. all the time 总是,一直 39. win a prize 获奖

16. feel healthy 觉得健康 40. a math competition 数学竞赛

17. at first 首先 41. a lot of 许多

18. want to do sth 想做某事 42. in English 用英语

三、句型:

1. I was born on… 我出生于……

2. When I was…years old, I… 当我……岁时,我……

3. Last winter/weekend, I… 去年冬天/上个周末,我……

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4. Where did you go last weekend/on your vocation?

I went to… 上个周末/假期你去了哪里?我去了……

5. What did you do there? I (did)… 在那里你做了什么? 我……

5. How did you go there? 你怎么去那?

By bus/train/bike/ship/plane. 乘公汽/火车/自行车/轮船/飞机。

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