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小学英语语法知识讲解(一般过去时)

发布时间:2014-01-26 17:10:33  

小学英语语法知识讲解

含有be动词的句型
一般现在时
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一般过去时

一般现在时表示某人 某物现在的状态,性 质等.eg: I am a teacher now.

She(He) is a singer. We They are happy. You

一般过去时表示过去 时间内某人某物存在 的状态,性质等.eg: I was a teacher last year. She(He) was a singer. We You were happy. They
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Exe:1.She___ (be) our English teacher. 2.Tom and Nike ___ (be)my classmates. 3.I ___ (be)a student. 4.You ___ (be)a lovely girl. 5.They ___(be) my parents. 6.They __________ (be) farmers two years ago. 7.Mike __________ (be) a baby long long ago. 8.We __________ (be) at home last night.

含有be动词的句型结构
一般现在时: 肯定式: 主语+BE+表语. 否定式: 主语+BE(am is are)+NOT+ 表语. 疑问式: BE(Am Is Are)+主语 +表语?
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一般过去时: 肯定式: 主语+BE+表语. 否定式: 主语+BE(was were)+NOT+表语. 疑问式: BE(Was Were)+主语 +表语?
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不含BE动词的句型
(主语是第一,二人称及第三人称复数)
一般现在时用来表示习惯 性,经常性发生的动 作.eg: I go to work by bus everyday. you watch TV everynight. we play basketball on the weekends. They have lessons everymoring. 主语+动词原形+其他.
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一般过去时用来表示在过 去的时间里发生的动 作.eg: I went to work by bus yesterday. you watched TV last night. We played basketball last weekend. They had lessons two days ago. 主语+动词过去式+其他.
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主语是第三人称单数
(肯定句)
He goes to work by bus everyday. She watchesTV everynight. 李明 plays basketball on the weekends. It snows in every winter.
主语+动词单三+其 他.

He went to work by bus yesterday. She watched TV last night. 李明 played basketball three days ago. It snowed in last winter.
主语+动词过去式+其 他.

主语是第一,二人称及第三人称复数
(否定句)
I do not go to work by bus everyday. you do not watch TV everynight. we do not play basketball on the weekends. They do not have lessons everymoring. 主语+do+not+动词原形 +其他
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I did not go to work by bus yesterday. you did not watch TV last night. We did not play basketball last weekend. They did not have lessons two days ago.

主语+did+not+动词原形 +其他

主语是第三人称单数
(否定句) He does not go to work by bus everyday. She does not watch TV everynight. 李明 does not play basketball on the weekends. It does not snow in every winter.
主语+does+not+动词原 形 +其他

He did not go to work by bus yesterday. She did not watch TV last night. 李明 did not play basketball three days ago. It did not snow in last winter.
主语+did+not+动词原 形 +其他

Exe:
1. We often___________(play) in the playgound. ? 2. He _________(get) up at six o’clock. ? 3. __________you _________(brush) your tee

th every morning. ? 4. What____ (do) he usually ____ (do) after school? ? 5. Danny ____ (study) English,Chinese,Maths,Science and Art at school. ? 6. I _________ (have) an exciting party last weekend. ? 7. What ________ Tom ________ (do) on Saturday evening? He ________(watch) TV and __________(read) an interesting book. ? 8.They all _________(go) to the mountains yesterday morning. ? 9. She _________(not visit) her aunt last weekend. She ________ (stay) at home and _________(do) some cleaning. 10.When ________ you _________(write) this song? I __________(write) it last year.

一般过去时的概念
一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或 存在的状态。 常和表示过去的时间状语连用。 如:last year, yesterday等;yesterday morning, one day,last year,two days ago, two hours ago, the day before yesterday, last week, last(year, night, month…),

例如:
①I saw him in the street yesterday. 昨天我在街上看见他了。 ②Li Mei always went to school on foot last year. 去年李梅总是步行上学。

动词过去时的构成
动词过去式的构成: (1)规则动词过去式的构成有四条规 则: ? ①一般在动词原形末尾直接加上-ed。 如:look-looked。 ? ②以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,去 e再加-ed。如:live-lived。 ? ③末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭 音节,先双写这个辅音字母,再加-ed。 如:stop-stopped。
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④末尾是辅音字母+y结尾的动 词,先变y为i,然后再加-ed。如: study-studied。 ? (2)不规则动词的过去式需特殊 记忆。如:am(is)-was, are-were, gowent, come-came, take-took, have (has)-had等。
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小学阶段要掌握的几个动词的过去式:
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watched TV, washed clothes, played football, cleaned the room, visited grandparents, went to a park, went swimming, read a book, went fishing, went hiking, learned Chinese, sang and danced, took pictures, climbed a mountain, ate good food, bought presents, rowed a boat, saw elephants, went skiing, went iceskating.

一般过去时的练习
I.用所给的动词的适当形式填空。 ⒈He _____(visit) the Great Wall last year. visited 2.We________(have) a good time yesterday. ? 3.We often _______(go) to school by bus last year. ? 4.I ________(live)in the village when I was a child. ? 5.Mike______(see) a big tiger in the nature park last year.
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6.Sam_____ (do) the housework yesterday. 7.______(do) you _______(enjoy) yourself yesterday?

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8.______(do)you _________(play) the violin in the artroom yesterday?
No, I didn't. I_____(draw)some pictures there. 9.. I ______ (eat) a big pizza yesterday. 10.There____ (be) many sheep on the farm last year.

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11. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday.
12. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night.

13. We _________ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go) ? 14. ______ you _______ (visit) your r

elatives last Spring Festival?
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15. ______ he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______.

一般过去时的几种句型
肯定句结构为:主语+动词的过 去式+其它。如:He went to the toy store yesterday. 他昨天去玩具店 了。 ? 否定句结构为:主语+did not (didn't)+动词原形+其它。如:He didn't go to the toy store yesterday. 他昨天没去玩具店
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一般过去时的一般疑问句的构成:
Did+主语+动词原形+其它? ? 如: ? 1) -Did you go to Beijing last week? ? -Yes, we did. (No, we didn't.) ? 2) -Did you meet the businessman before? ? -No, I didn't. (Yes, I did.)
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一般过去时的特殊疑问句的构成:
疑问词+did+主语+动词原形+其 它?如: ? 1) -What did you do last night? ? -I did my homework. ? 2) -Where did you go last week? ? -I went to Shanghai with my parents
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一般过去时口诀
动词要用过去式,时间状语句末站。 ? 否定句很简单,didn't 站在动词原形 前,其它部分不要变。 ? 一般疑问句也好变,did放在句子前, 主语、动词原形、其它部分依次站。 ? 特殊疑问句也简单,疑问词加一般 疑问句记心间。 ? 最后一条请注意,动词过去式要牢 记。
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1.Lucy did her homework at home.(改否定句) Lucy _____ ___ her homework at home. 2.He found some meat in the fridge.(变一般疑 问句) ___ he _____ ___ meat in the fridge? 3.She stayed there for a week.(对划线部分提问) ____ ____ ___ she _____ there? 4.There was some orange in the cup.(变一般疑 问句) _____ there _____ orange in the cup?

选择填空
1. She watered the flowers ________. A tomorrow B sometimes C yesterday morning ? 2.What ____ Mike do last weekend ? A do B does C did ? 3. I ___ my room last Sunday. A cleaned B clean C am cleaning ? 4. I often help my mother _____ housework A does B did C do ? 5. _____ you _____ TV last night . A Do, watch B Did, watch C Did, watched
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6.---Did your father write an e-mail yesterday ? A Yes, he did. B Yes, he does C No, he don’t ? 7.They _____ on a trip in February ,2007. A are going B going C went ? 8.We’re going to _____ mountains tomorrow . A climb B climbed C climbing ? 9. ____ he ____ football two days ago? A Does , play B Did , played C Did , play ? 10.----Good afternoon, Miss Lee. How does Mike feel? -----He’s tired . He ____ a lot of work ______ . A does , this morning B do , this morning C did , this morning
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连词成句。
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1. did, what, you, yesterday, do. ____________________________________ What did you do yesterday ? 2. watch, John, did, TV, weekend, last. ____________________________________ 3. went, I ,to, by, park, a, bike I went to a park by bike . ____________________________________ 4. jumped, the, into, lake, he, and, the, to, swam, kite. ____________________________________


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