Task 1: Describe the story in English, you have three minutes to prepare. Your description should include the content of the story and the theme(主 题) of the story.
Task 2: Give a speech on the theme(主题) ,your experience and your opinion can be included. You have three minutes to prepare.
Unit 4 What should I do?
Question n. 问题 ask /answer a question vt.质询,问 question sb about sth vt.怀疑 question sth
I would never question his honesty.
The policeman questioned him about the murder. Don’t question my words. The questioner is questionable.
questioner: n. 提问人 questionable: adj 可疑的,有问题的
question n.& v There is no question about his success.
out of question 和 out of the question的区别
---------Darling, can you wash the dishes tonight? ---------no, that’s__________________. Remember that you ARE the housewife.
out of question的意思是“毫无疑问地”,相当于beyond (all) question,without question. 在句中作状语或表语.例如: 他的诚实是毫无疑问的. His honesty is out of question.
Out of question, he is the best man for the job. out of the question的意思是"不可能的;不能考虑的"(impossible),通常在句中作表语.例如:
这种天气我们不能出去,这事免谈. We can't go out in this weather; it's out of the question. 你今晚要回去是不可能得了. It is out of the question for you to go back home tonight.
Adj. 有罪的，内疚的，心虚的 法官判他有罪。 The court found him guilty. 你看上去心虚。 You look guilty. 我对我撒的谎感到很内疚。 I felt guilty about having told a lie.
---guiltier /guiltiest (more guilty/ most guilty)
Guilt: n. 犯罪感，内疚
Guilt was written all over his face. 他脸上明显流露著内疚的神情.
She accidently gave me an extra 20-yuan note in my change. Change n. (u)找给的零钱, 硬币 The shop assistant forgot to give me the change. I have no change. n. 变化 .
1.I changed from the subway to a bus. 2.Please change these pounds into dollars. 3.Let’s change the topic. 4.Shall I change seats with you?
5.He’s changed a lot since I saw him last.
6.I’d like to change this dress for another. 7.westlife: Nothing’s gonna change my love for you.
V. 改变3,7,交换4,兑换2,变化5 ,换乘(交通工 具)1
Idiom: change your/sb's mind
to change a decision or an opinion 改变决定（或看法、主意） Idiom:
to pass to a different owner 换主人；易主；转手
1.to control or be in charge of a business, a team, an organization, etc. 管理，负责（公司、 球队、组织等） 2. If you manage to do some
thing, especially something difficult, you succeed in doing it. 设 法做到，(成功地)完成（困难的事） 3. vi. to be able to solve your problems,能解决，能应付
我终于找到了一直在找的书。 I finally managed to find the book I was looking for. 在他的父亲生病不在的时候, 他管理公司。 He managed the company when his father was away ill. 妈妈，不要担心，没人帮我我也能应付的。 Don’t worry about me, mum. I can manage without help.
辨析do with, deal with 以及manage
do with的含义较多，如： 1.表示“处置，安排”如： What shall I do with it? 怎样处置它好呢？ 2.表示“容忍”如： I can”t do with such a fellow. 我不能容忍这样的家伙。 3.将就，如： Can you do with cold meat for dinner? 晚餐用冷肉，你能将就吗？
1.deal with在表示“处理”时，与do with意思相同。如： How shall we deal with (do with) this problem? 我们将如何处理这一问题呢？ 2.但deal with还可以表示“与…相处”如： That man is easy to deal with. 那个人容易接近。 3. 还可以表示“关于，有关”如： This book deals with Asia. 这本书是论述亚洲的。
What to do with?
How to deal with?
辨析do with, deal with 以及manage
I tried to do with it, but I failed. I managed it, but I failed.
V. to say that you are willing to do sth for sb or give sth to sb 主动提出；自愿给予 ~ sth (to sb) (for sth) /~ sb sth
他把座位让给了我。 He offered his seat to me. He offered some useful suggestions . n. an act of saying that you are willing to do sth for sb or give sth to sb 主动提议；建
Thank you for your kind offer for help.
Verb. to tell sb what you think they should do in a particular situation 劝告；忠告； 建议
advice (U)n. 建议 a piece of advice
1. advise doing sth 建议做某事。 2. advise sb to do sth 建议某人做某事。 3. advise sb against sth/ doing sth 劝告某人不要做某事。 4.advise that sb (should) do sth. 建议…
他们劝她不要和他结婚. They advised her against marrying him.
He advised me to buy a computer. He advised/suggested buying a computer. He advised/suggested that I (should) buy a computer.
注意:千万不能够用suggest to do,必须用suggest doing
accidently adv. 偶然地,意外的 As I turned around, I hit him in the face accidentally.
accident n. 意外事故 He was all but killed by the traffic accident.
by accident 偶然的= by chance eg. I met him by accident accidental adj.意外的 an accidental death
1. a short piece of writing to help you remember sth 笔记；记录 make a note = take notes 2.a piece of paper money 纸币 a 100-yuan note 3. a short informal letter 短笺；便条 she left a note to me. verb .to notice or pay careful attention to sth 注意；留意 note sth?down :to write down sth important so that yo
u will not forget it 记录；记
I failed to note that he had left.
tease v 取笑;戏弄 =make fun of
别把它当真, 他只不过是在开玩笑。 Don't take it seriously - he's only teasing. 别去弄狗，不然它会咬你。 Don’t tease the dog, it will bite you.
V. to frighten or hurt a weaker person; to use your strength or power to make sb do sth 恐吓；伤害；胁迫
bully sb into doing sth胁迫某人做某事 他威胁我签了字。
He bullied me into signing my name. n. a person who uses their strength or power to frighten or hurt weaker people 仗势欺人者；横行霸道者 He is a school bully.
1.receive/get a letter from sb.= hear from sb. 2.I received an invitation to visit a friend. I went over on Sunday. Walk over to走上前
go to …往…的地方,前去
so Jesus went over , took the bread , and gave it to them . 请您将账单过过目。
3. have been to
have gone to I have been to Shanghai. I went there in 2004. Now I am not in Shanghai. His brother has gone to Beijing. Means: His brother is not here. Maybe he is on the way to Beijing. Maybe he is in Beijing now，but he hasn’t come back yet.
4.None 和 no one
none 和 no one 都表示”(三者或三者以上) 没有一个 None 指人也指物, 在句中可以做主语,宾语,同位语, 它常常与of短语连用. eg : None of them passed the exam. I’ve read none of the books. 在回答How many /How much开头的疑问句时要用none --- How many people are there in the room? --- None.
No one “ 没有一个人” 指人不指物, 不能与of 短语连用. 可以回答以who 开头的疑问 句. No one knows the answer to the question. ---Who went there yesterday ? -- No one.
Story 2 1.next to = beside 2. get on / get off ( bus, train) get into the car/ get out of the car 3. feel sorry for sb 为…感到难过,同情
I feel sorry for whoever marries him!
Story 3 1. pay .. for spend…
on (in) doing
He paid 200 yuan for this watch.
= He spent 200 yuan on ( in buying ) this watch. = This watch cost him 200 yuan .
Did you pay 100 dollars for that old bike?
= Did you spend 100 dollars on that old bike? = Did that old bike cost you 100 dollars?
2.be busy with sth… be busy doing sth. 忙于…
The plan for the new book is on ice at the moment. I've been busy with too many other things. 写那本新书的计划暂时搁一下, 我一直忙于太多其它的事情。
3.make the decision to do… = decide to do sth 决定做什么…
=make up one’s mind to do sth
4. wait one's turn
5. by accident = by chance 偶然地，意外地
by mistake= wrongly 错误地
6. If necessary 如必要的话 7. be frightened of =be afraid of Frightened of being blamed by his father, Bob didn’t tell the
?使役动词 let, have, make ?及感官动词 see, watch, notice, hear, feel
Let me go. Don’t make me cry. I often hear him cry. Why not go there with me?
需要注意have, make的用法：have, make 用做使役动词，表“让，使，允许”
等意，其后的不定式作宾补时，才可省to．如果用作一般实义动词，have表示 “有”，make表示“制造”，“做”等意义，且后面的不定式作目的状语，定语 等时，不定式符号to不能省．
I won’t have him cheat me.“允许” I have a lot of work to do.“有”
His story made us laugh.“使”
Father made a kite for his son to fly. “做”
感官动词see, watch, notice, hear, feel
感官动词后既可跟不带to的不定式作宾补， 也可跟v-ing作宾补， 前者表示动作的全部过程已结束； 后者表示动作正在进行。
I saw him come downstairs.
I saw him coming downstairs.
一感： feel+sb.+do sth.
二听：hear, listen to 三使役：let /make/ have
五看：see/ watch /look at/ observe /notice
/"加上to/"，如果主动句中含不带to的不定式（作宾语的补足语），变该 句为被动句时，不定式前的/"to/"应恢复使用。如： We saw him leave the classroom. →He was seen to leave the classroom.
一、“疑问词＋动词不定式”结构有两种形式： 1. “疑问词＋to＋动词原形” I don’t know what to say. 我不知道说什么。 Can you tell me how to make a paper boat？ 你能告诉我怎样做一只纸船吗？ 2. “疑问词＋名词＋to＋动词原形” I don’t know which topic to choose. 我不知道选哪个题目。
二、“疑问词＋动词不定式”结构中的疑问词，包括疑问代词who, what, which和 疑问副词how, when, where等。这些疑问词和不定式一起构成了不定式短语，这种 结构可在句子中作以下成分
how to operate the machine We must know__________________.
how to learn a foreign language He gave some advice on_____________
I don’t know what to do. to I don’t know what I should do.
tobookshop？ Can you tell me how to get how to the
Can you tell me how I can get to the bookshop？
Where to stay
_________________for the night is a problem.
which to choose
The question is_______________. “疑问词＋动词不定式”作表语时，相当于一个由该疑问词引导的表语从句。
送什么给他们这个问题还不知道。 The problem _________________them is unknown.
what to send
“疑问词＋动词不定式”结构经常放在tell, show, teach, learn, know, wonder, discuss, remember, forget, find out等动词（词组）之后作宾语。例如： The teacher told the students how to do the experiment. 老师教学生如何做实验。 （句中 told含有taught的意思） The young woman doesn’t know what to do. 那位年轻女子不知道怎么办。（句 中what不能改换成how） He tells me how to answer all the questions in English. 他告诉我怎样用英语回答 所有的问题。（句中的how不能省去）
在翻译“怎么办”时，许多同学译成how to do，实际上是犯了汉语 式英语的错误，“怎么办”的实际意义是“做些什么”，故应用代词what 作动词do的宾语，而不用副词how。只有在表达“怎样做这件事”时才说 how to do it。