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小学常考英语单词句型分类汇总

发布时间:2014-01-27 16:54:04  

小学常考英语单词句型分类汇总

1、学习用品 (school things)

pen 钢笔 pencil铅笔 pencil-case铅笔盒 ruler尺子 book书 bag包 comic book漫画书 post card明信片 newspaper报纸 schoolbag书包 eraser橡皮 crayon蜡笔 sharpener卷笔刀 story- book故事书 notebook笔记本 Chinese book语文书 English book英语书 math book数学书 magazine杂志 dictionary词典 picturebook

2、人体 (body)

foot脚 head头 face脸 hair头发 nose鼻子 mouth嘴eye眼睛 ear耳朵 arm手臂 hand手 finger手指 leg腿 tail尾巴

3、颜色 (colours)

red红 blue蓝 yellow黄 green绿 white白 black黑pink粉红 purple紫 orange橙 brown棕 gray灰色

4、动物 (animals)

cat 猫 dog狗 pig猪 duck鸭 rabbit兔 horse马 elephant大象 ant蚂蚁 fish鱼 bird鸟 eagle鹰 beaver海狸 snake蛇 mouse老鼠 squirrel松鼠 kangaroo袋鼠monkey猴 panda熊猫 bear熊 lion 狮子 tiger老虎 fox狐狸 zebra斑马 deer鹿 giraffe长颈鹿 goose鹅 hen母鸡 turkey火鸡 lamb小羊 sheep绵羊 goat山羊 cow奶牛 donkey驴 squid鱿鱼 lobster龙虾 shark鲨鱼seal海豹 sperm whale抹香鲸 killer whale虎鲸

5、人物 (people)

friend 朋友 boy男孩 girl女孩 mother母亲 father父亲sister姐妹 brother兄弟 uncle叔叔;舅舅 man男人 woman女人 Mr. 先生 Miss小姐 lady女士;小姐 mom妈妈 dad爸爸 parents父母 grandparents祖父母 grandma/grandmother(外)祖母 grandpa/grandfather(外)祖父 aunt姑姑 cousin堂(表)兄弟;堂(表)姐妹 son儿子daughter女儿 baby婴儿 kid小孩 classmate同学 queen女王 visitor参观者 neighbour邻居 principal校长

university student大学生 pen pal笔友 tourist旅行者 people人物 robot机器人

6、职业 (jobs)

teacher 教师 student学生 doctor医生 nurse护士 driver司机farmer农民 singer歌唱家 writer作家 actor 男演员 actress女演员artist画家 TV reporter电视台记者 engineer工程师 accountant会计policeman(男)警察 salesperson销售员 cleaner清洁工 baseball player棒球运动员 assistant售货员 police警察

7、食品、饮料 (food & drink)

rice 米饭 bread面包 beef牛肉 milk牛奶 water水 egg蛋fish鱼 tofu豆腐 cake蛋糕 hot dog热狗 hamburger汉堡包French fries炸薯条 cookie曲奇 biscuit饼干 jam果酱 noodles面条 meat肉 chicken鸡肉 pork猪肉 mutton羊肉 vegetable蔬菜 salad沙拉 soup汤 ice冰 ice-cream冰淇淋 Coke可乐 juice果汁 tea茶 coffee咖啡 breakfast早餐 lunch午餐 dinner/supper晚餐 meal一餐

8、水果、蔬菜 (fruit & vegetables)

apple 苹果 banana香蕉 pear梨 orange橙 watermelon西瓜 grape葡萄 eggplant茄子 green beans青豆 tomato西红柿 potato土豆 peach桃 strawberry草莓 cucumber黄瓜 onion洋葱 carrot 胡萝卜 cabbage卷心菜

9、衣服 (clothes)

jacket夹克衫 shirt衬衫 T-shirt丅恤衫 skirt短裙子 dress连衣裙 jeans牛仔裤 pants长裤 socks袜子 shoes鞋子 sweater毛衣 coat上衣 raincoat雨衣 shorts短裤 sneakers网球鞋 slippers拖鞋 sandals凉鞋 boots靴子 hat(有沿的)帽子 cap便帽 sunglasses太阳镜tie领带 scarf围巾 gloves手套 trousers裤子 cloth布

10、交通工具 (vehicles)

bike自行车 bus公共汽车 train火车 boat小船 ship轮船 yacht快艇car小汽车 taxi出租车 jeep吉普车 van小货车;面包车 plane/airplane飞机 subway/underground地铁 motor cycle摩托车

11、杂物 (other things)

window 窗户 door门 desk课桌 chair椅子 bed床 computer计算机 board写字板 fan风扇 light灯

teacher’s desk讲台 picture图画;照片 wall墙壁 floor地板 curtain窗帘 trash bin垃圾箱 closet壁橱 mirror镜子 end table床头柜 football/soccer足球 present礼物 walkman随身听 lamp台灯 phone电话 sofa沙发 shelf书架 fridge冰箱 table桌子 TV电视 air-conditioner空调 key钥匙 lock锁 photo照片 chart图表 plate盘子 knife刀 fork叉 spoon勺子 chopsticks筷子 pot锅 gift礼物 toy玩具 doll 洋娃娃 ball球 balloon气球 kite风筝 jigsaw puzzle拼图游戏 box盒子 umbrella伞 zipper拉链 violin小提琴 yo-yo溜溜球 nest鸟窝 hole洞 tube 管子 toothbrush牙刷 menu菜单 e-card电子卡片 e-mail电子邮件 traffic light交通灯 money钱 medicine药

12、地点 (locations)

home家 room房间 bedroom卧室 bathroom卫生间 living room起居室 kitchen厨房 classroom教室 school学校 park公园 library图书馆 post office邮局 police office警察局 hospital医院 cinema电影院 bookstore书店 farm农场 zoo动物园 garden花园 study书房 playground操场 canteen食堂 teacher’s office教师办公室 library图书馆 gym体育馆 washroom卫生间 art room绘画教室

computer room计算机教室 music room音乐教室 TV room电视机房 flat公寓 company公司 factory工厂 fruit stand水果摊 pet shop宠物商店 nature park自然公园 theme park主题公园 science museum科学博物馆 the Great Wall长城 supermarket超市 bank银行 country国家 village乡村 city城市 hometown家乡 bus stop公交车站

13、课程 (classes)

sports体育运动 science科学 Moral Education思想品德课 Social Studies社会课 Chinese语文 math数学 PE体育课 English英语课

14、国家、城市 (countries & cities)

China/PRC中国 America/USA美国 UK联合王国 England英国 Canada/CAN加拿大 Australia澳大利亚 New York纽约 London伦敦 Sydney悉尼 Moscow莫斯科 Cairo开罗

15、气象 (weather)

cold寒冷的 warm温暖的 cool凉爽的 hot炎热的 snowy下雪的

sunny晴朗的 rainy下雨的 windy有风的 cloudy多云的 weather report天气预报

16、景物 (nature)

river河流 lake湖泊 stream河;溪 forest森林 path小道road公路 house房子 bridge桥 building建筑物 rain雨 cloud云 sun太阳 mountain山 sky天空 rainbow彩虹 wind风 air空气 moon月亮

17、植物 (plants)

flower花 grass草 tree树 seed种子 sprout苗 plant植物 rose玫瑰 leaf叶子

18、星期 (week)

Monday星期一 Tuesday星期二 Wednesday星期三 Thursday星期四Friday星期五 Saturday星期六 Sunday星期天 weekend周末 ­

19、月份 (months)

Jan. (January)一月 Feb.(February)二月 Mar.(March)三月 April四月 May五月 June六月 July七月 Aug.(August)八月Sept.(September)九月 Oct.(October)十月 Nov.(November)十一月 Dec. (December)十二月

20、季节 (seasons)

spring春 summer夏 fall/autumn秋 winter冬

21、方位 (directions)

south南 north北 east东 west西 left 左边 right右边

22、患病 (illness)

have a fever发烧 hurt疼痛 have a cold感冒 have a toothache牙疼have a headache头疼 have a sore throat喉咙疼 have a flu 流感

23、数词 (numbers)

one一 two二 three三 four四 five五 six六 seven七 eight八nine九 ten十 eleven十一 twelve十二 thirteen十三 fourteen十四 fifteen十五 sixteen十六 seventeen十七 eighteen十八 nineteen十九 twenty二十 thirty三十 forty四十 fifty五十 sixty六十 seventy七十 eighty八十 ninety九十 forty-two四十二 hundred百 one/a hundred and thirty-six一百三十六 first第一 second第二 third第三 fourth第四 fifth第五 eighth第八 ninth 第九 twelfth第十二 twentieth第二十 thirtieth第三十 fortieth第四十fiftieth第五十 sixtieth 第六十 seventieth第七十 eightieth第八十ninetieth第九十 twenty-first 第二十一 fifty-sixth第五十六 ­

24、形容词 (adj.)

big大的 small小的 long长的 tall高的 short短的;矮的 young年轻的 old旧的;老的 strong健壮的 thin 瘦的 quiet安静的active积极活跃的 nice好看的 kind和蔼亲切的 strict严格的 smart聪明的 funny滑稽可笑的 tasty好吃的 sweet甜的 salty咸的 sour酸的 fresh新鲜的 favourite最喜爱的 clean干净的 tired疲劳的 excited兴奋的 angry生气的 happy高兴的 bored无聊的 sad忧愁的 taller更高的shorter更矮的 stronger更强壮的 older年龄更大的 younger更年轻的bigger更大的 heavier更重的 longer更长的 thinner更瘦的 smaller更小的 good好的 fine好的 great很好的 heavy 重的 new新的 fat胖的 happy快乐的 right对的 hungry饥饿的cute逗人喜爱的 little小的 lovely可爱的 beautiful漂亮的 colourful色彩鲜艳的 pretty漂亮的 cheap便宜的 expensive昂贵的 juicy多汁的 tender嫩的 healthy健康的 ill有病的 helpful有帮助的 high高的 easy简单的 proud骄傲的 sick有病的 better更好的 higher更高的

25、介词 (prep.)

in在……里 on在……上;在……时候 under在……下面

near在……的旁边 behind在……后边 next to与……相邻 over在……上面 in front of在……前面

26、代词 (pron.)

I我 we我们 you你;你们 he他 she她 it它 they他(她,它)们 my我的 our 我们的 your你的;你们的 his他的 her她的

27、动词 (v.)

play (.ed)玩;踢 swim(swam)游泳 skate滑冰 fly(flew)飞 jump跳 walk走 run(ran)跑 climb爬 fight(fought)打架 swing(swung)荡 eat(ate)吃 sleep(slept)睡觉 like像,喜欢 have (had)有;吃 turn转弯 buy(bought)买 take(took)买;带 live居住 teach(taught)教 go (went)去 study(studied)学习 learn学习 sing(sang)唱歌 dance跳舞 row划 do(did)做 do homework做作业 do housework做家务 watch TV看电视 read(read) books读书 cook the meals做饭 water the flowers浇花 sweep(swept) the floor扫地 clean the bedroom打扫卧室 make(made) the bed铺床 set(set) the table摆饭桌 wash the clothes洗衣服 do the dishes洗碗碟 use a computer使用计算机 do morning exercises晨练;做广播操 eat breakfast吃早饭 eat dinner吃晚饭 go to school上学 have English class上英语课 play sports进行体育运动 get(got)up起床 climb mountains爬山 go shopping买东西 play the piano弹钢琴 visit grandparents看望(外)祖父母 go hiking去远足 fly kites放风筝 make a snowman堆雪人 plant trees种树 draw(drew) pictures画画 cook dinner做饭 read a book看书 answer the phone接电话 listen to music听音乐clean the room打扫房间 write(wrote) a letter写信 write an e-mail写电子邮件 drink(drank) water喝水 take pictures照相 watch insects观察昆虫 pick up leaves采摘树叶do an experiment做实验 catch butterflies捉蝴蝶 count insects数昆虫 collect insects收集昆虫 collect leaves收集树叶write a report写报告 play chess下棋 have a picnic举行野餐get to到达 ride(rode) a bike骑自行车 play the violin拉小提琴 make kites制作风筝 collect stamps集邮 meet(met)见面 welcome欢迎 thank谢谢 love爱 work工作 drink(drank)喝 taste尝 smell闻 feed(fed)喂养 shear剪 milk挤奶 look看

guess猜 help帮助 pass传递 show展示 use使用 clean打扫 open打开 close关上 put放 paint绘画 tell(told)告诉 kick踢 bounce反弹 ride (rode)骑 stop(stopped)停 wait等 find(found)寻找到 drive(drove)驾驶 fold折 send (sent)寄 wash洗 shine照耀 become变成 feel(felt)感觉到 think(thought)思考 meet(met)遇见 fall(fell)落下 leave(left)离开 wake(woke) up醒来 put on穿上 take off脱掉 hang up挂起 wear(wore)穿 play chess下棋 go home回家 go to bed上床睡觉 play computer games玩电脑游戏 empty the trash倒垃圾 put away the clothes收拾衣服 get off下车 take a trip去旅行 read a magazine阅读杂志 go to the cinema去看电影 go straight向前直走

常用句型

1、May I have a look? Sure. Here you are.

2、My friend is strong.

3、He has short hair and big eyes. I like music. He like sports.

4、Is she in the living room? No, she isn’t。Yes she is.

5、Where are the keys? Where is your book?

6、What would you like? I’d like some rice and soup.

7、What would you like for dinner?

8、What’s your father? My father is a doctor.

9、What do you do? I'm a policeman.

10、What do you do on the weekend? I often go hiking.

11、What's your favourite season? Spring.

12、What's your favourite fruit? I like apples. I don't like grapes.

13、Who are they? Who’s this man? He’s my uncle.

14、When do you get up? I usually get up at 6:00.

15、Sometimes I visit my grandparents.

16、Why do you like spring? Because I can plant trees.

17、Which season do you like best? I like winter best.

18、When is your birthday? My birthday is in July. It's July 4th.

19、When is Teachers' Day? It's September 10th.

20、Who has a birthday in October? Me.

21、Is her birthday in June? Yes.

22、What's the date? June 9th.

23、What are you doing? I'm drawing pictures.

24、What is your father doing? He's writing an e-mail.

25、What do you see? I see two elephants.

26、What are they doing? They are drinking water.

27、What is Mike doing? He's watching insects.

28、Where are they? They are in the woods.

29、Are they catching butterflies? No, they aren't.

30、They are picking up leaves. Yes, they are.

31、Where is Zhang Peng? He's in the woods.

32、Is he taking pictures? Yes, he is. No, he isn't. He's playing chess.

33、Who's your English teacher? Mr Carter.

34、What's he like? He's tall and strong.

35、Is he quiet? No, he isn't. He's very active.

36、What day is it today? It's Wednesday.

37、What do you have on Thursdays? We have English, math and science on Thursdays.

38、What do you do on Saturdays? I watch TV on Saturdays.

39、What do you have for lunch on Mondays? We have tomatoes, tofu and fish.

40、What can you do? I can sweep the floor.

41、Can you make the bed? NO, I can't. Yes, I can.

42、There are two bedrooms, a kitchen, a bathroom and a living room.

43、There is a mirror, a bed and a big closet.

44、Is there a forest in the park? Yes, there is. No, there isn't.

45、Are there any pandas in the mountains? No, there aren't.

46、Are there any fish in the rivers? Yes, there are.

47、Where is the canteen? It's on the first floor.

48、What time is it? It's 5 o'clock. It's 6:30.

49、It's time to go to school. It's time for English.

50、What colour is it? It's blue.

51、Whose is it? It's my T-shirt.

52、What's the weather like in Beijing? It's rainy today.

53、Who’s that woman? She’s my mother.

54、Do you like peaches? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.

55、Nice to meet you. Nice to meet you, too.

56、I have a bear. May I have a look? Sure. Here you are.

57、Where is the cinema? It’s next to the hospital.

58、Turn left at the cinema, then go straight. It’s on the left.

59、What are you going to do on the weekend? I’m going to visit my grandparents this weekend.

60、Where are you going this afternoon? I’m going to the bookstore.

61、What are you going to buy? I’m going to buy a comic book.

62、What’s your hobby? I like collecting stamps.

63、Does she teach English? No, she doesn’t. Yes, she does.

64、What does your mother do? She is a TV reporter.

65、Where does she work? She works in a car company.

66、What should you do then?

常见问句:

询问姓名、年龄。

1, ----What’s your name? ----你叫什么名字?

----My name is ________. ----我叫……。

2, ----How old are you? ----你几岁了?

----I’m 12. ----我十二岁。

II 询问颜色。

1, ----What colour is it? ----它是什么颜色的?

----It’s yellow and white. ----黄白相间。

2, ----What colour are they? ----它们是什么颜色的?

----They’re green. ----绿色的。

III 询问数量或价钱。

1, ----How many kites can you see? ----你可以看见几只风筝? ---I can see 12. ----我可以看见十二只风筝。

2, ----How many crayons do you have? ----你有多少支彩笔? ----I have 16. ----我有十六支。

3, ----How many people are there in your family? ----你家有几口人? ----Three. ----三口人。

4, ----How much is this dress? ----这条连衣裙多少钱?

----It’s ninety-nine yuan. ----九十九元。

5, ----How much are these apples? ----这些苹果多少钱?

----They’re thirty-five yuan. ----三十五元。

IV 询问时间或日期。

1, ----What time is it now? ----现在几点钟?

----It’s nine o’clock.. It’s time for English class. ----九点。该上英语课了。

(----It’s eight o’clock. It’s time to go to bed。) (----八点。该上床睡觉了。)

2, ----What day is it today? ----今天星期

----It’s Monday. ----星期一。

(----What do we have on Mondays? (----我们星期一上哪些课?

----We have Chinese, English, math …) ----语文、英语、数学……)

3, ----When is your birthday? ----你的生日是什么时候?

----It’s October 1st, our National Day. ----十月一日,国庆节。

4, ----When do you do morning exercises? ----你们什么时候做早锻炼? ----I usually do morning exercises at 8:30. ----我们通常8:30做早锻炼。

V 询问方位或地方。

1, ----Where is my toy car? ----我的玩具汽车在哪儿?

----It’s here, under the chair. ----在这儿,在椅子下面。

2, ----Where is the canteen? ----餐厅在哪儿?

----It’s on the first floor. ----在一楼。

3, ----Where are the keys? ----钥匙在哪儿?

----They’re in the door. ----在门上。

4, ----Excuse me. Where is the library, please? ----对不起,请问图书馆在哪儿?

----It’s near the post office. ----在邮局附近。

5, ----Where are you from? ----你从哪儿来?

----I’m from China. ----我从中国来。

6, ----Where does the rain come from? ----雨是从哪儿来的?

----It comes from the clouds. ----它是从云层里来的。

VI 询问想吃的东西。

1, ----What would you like for breakfast / lunch / dinner ? ----你早餐/中餐/晚餐想吃点什么?

----I’d like some bread and milk / rice and soup. ----我想吃面包和牛奶/米饭和汤。

2, ----What’s for breakfast / lunch / dinner? ----早餐/中餐/晚餐吃什么?

----Hamburgers and orange juice. ----汉堡包和橙汁。

VII 询问天气状况。

1, ----What’s the weather like in Beijing? ----北京的天气如何? ----It’s rainy today. How about New York? ----今天是雨天。纽约呢? ----It’s sunny and hot. ----今天是晴天,天气很热。VIII 询问身体状况或情绪。

2, ----How do you feel? ----你感觉如何?

----I feel sick. ----我觉得不舒服。

3, ----What’s the matter? ----怎么了?

----My throat is sore. / I have a sore throat. ----我的喉咙疼。

4, ----How are you, Sarah? You look so happy. ----你好吗,莎拉?你看起来这么伤心。

----I failed the math test. ----我的数学考试没有通过。

IX 询问职业、身份或人物。

1, ----What’s your father / mother? ----你的父亲 / 母亲是做什么的? ----He’s a doctor. / She’s a teacher. ----他是一名医生。/ 她是一名教师。

2, ----What does you mother / father do? ----你的母亲 / 父亲是做什么的?

----She’s a TV reporter. / He’s a teacher. He teaches English。

----她是一名电视台记者。/他是一名教师。他教英语。

3, ----Who’s that man / woman? ----那位男士 / 女士是谁?

----He’s my father. / She’s my mother. ----他是我父亲。 / 她是我母亲。

4, ----Who’s this boy / girl? ----那个男孩儿 / 女孩儿是谁?

----He’s my brother. / She’s my sister. ----他是我兄弟。 / 她是我姐妹。

5, ----Who’s your art teacher? ----你们的美术老师是谁?

----Miss Wang. ----王老师。

----What’s she like? ----她长什么样儿?

----She’s young and thin. ----她很年轻、苗条。

X 询问兴趣、喜好。

1, ----What’s your favourite food / drink? ----你最喜欢的食物 / 饮料是什么?

----Fish / orange juice. ----鱼。 / 橙汁。

2, ----What’s your favourite season? ----你最喜欢的季节是什么? ----Winter. ----冬天。

(----Which season do you like best? (----你最喜欢哪个季节? ----Winter。) ----冬天。)

----Why do you like winter? ----你为什么喜欢冬天?

----Because I can make a snowman. ----因为可以堆雪人。

3, ----What’s your hobby? ----你的爱好是什么?

----I like collecting stamps. ----我喜欢集邮。

----What’s his hobby? ----他的爱好是什么?

----He likes riding a bike. ----他喜欢骑自行车。

4, ----Do you like peaches? ----你喜欢吃桃子吗?

----Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. ----喜欢。/ 不喜欢。

XI 询问平时一般或通常做的事情。

1, ----What do you do on Saturdays / on the weekends? ----你星期六 / 周末一般做什么?

----I usually do my homework. Sometimes I play football. ----我通常做作业,有时候踢足球。

XII 询问正在做的事情。

1, ----What are you doing? ----你在做什么?

----I’m doing the dishes. ----我在洗盘子。

2, ----What’s your father doing? ----你父亲正在做什么?

----He’s writing an e-mail. ----他正在写电子邮件。

3, ----What’s Mike doing? ----迈克正在干什么?

----He’s watching insects. ----他正在观察昆虫。

4, ----What’s the tiger doing? ----那只老虎在干什么?

----It’s running. ----它在奔跑。

5, ----What are the elephants doing? ----那些大象在干什么? ----They’re drinking. ----它们正在喝水。

XIII 询问将要做的事情。

1, ----What are you going to do? ----你准备做什么?

----I’m going to the cinema. ----我准备去看电影。

----When are you going to do? ----你准备什么时候去?

----This afternoon. ----今天下午。

2, ----Where are you going this afternoon? ----今天下午你准备到哪儿去? ----I’m going to the bookstore. ----我准备到书店去。

----What are you going to buy? ----你打算买点儿什么?

----I’m going to buy a comic book. ----我准备买本漫画书。

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