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PEP小学英语语法总复习

发布时间:2014-01-29 12:51:12  

PEP小学英语语法总复习

一、 名词复数规则

1. 一般情况,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats

2. 以s. x. sh. ch结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, watch-watches(手表)

3. 以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries 但boy-boys

4. 以“f或fe”结尾,变f或fe为v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives leaf-leaves

5. 以o结尾 有生命的加es 无生命的加s,如:potato-potatoes tomatoes photo-photos piano-pianos

不规则名词的复数:man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen, child-children, foot-feet, tooth-teeth, fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese, goose-geese

不可数名词没有复数形式: paper, juice, water, milk, rice, tea 在具体句子中我们应该把不可数名词当成单数看待

● 写出下列各词的复数

● I ____him ____this _____ her ______

● child _____photo ____ diary____day_____

sheep

woman_____ foot____book____dress_____tooth_______ ______box_____peach______

二、 一般现在时

● 一般现在时的功能

1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。

2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。如:I get up at six every day.我每天六点起床。

3.表示客观现实。如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转。 ● 一般现在时的标志词:often, usually, sometimes, every等

● 一般现在时的构成

● 主语+动词原形。

如: We study English. 我们学习英语。

● 当主语为第三人称单数(he, she, it,my father等)时 man_____ paper_______ juice______ water________ milk_______

主语(三单)+动词的三单形式(要在动词后加"-s"或"-es")

如:玛丽喜欢汉语。

● 一般现在时的变化

● 否定句:主语动词原形(+其它)。 如: ● 一般疑问句:Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它。 如: by bike? Yes, I do. / No, I don't.

当主语为第三人称单数时,要用does构成一般疑问句。 如: Does she go to school by bike? Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't.

● 特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+一般疑问句。如:How dou you go to school? How does your father go to work?

● 动词的第三人称单数的变化规则

● 1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, make-makes

● 2.以s. x. sh. ch. o结尾,加-es,如: wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes ● 3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:study-studies 但play-plays ● 不规则变化

have-has

● 一、 写出下列动词的第三人称单数

drink ______ go _____ stay ______

make _____look _____ have______ pass______come_____ watch_____ plant______ fly ______study______ do______ teach ______ play ______

三、 用括号内动词的适当形式填空。

1. He often ________(have) dinner at home.

2. Daniel and Tommy _______(be) in Class One.

3. We __________(not watch) TV on Mondays.

4. Tom ___________(not go) to the zoo on Sundays.

5. ______ they ________(like) apples?

6. What _______they often _______(do) on Saturdays?

7. _______ your father _______(read) newspapers every day?

8. The girl ________(teach) us English on Sundays.

9. There ________(be) some water in the bottle(瓶子).

10. Mike _______(like) cooking.

11. You always _______(do) your homework well.

12. She _______(go) to school from Monday to Friday.

13. Liu Yun _______(do) not like PE.

14. The child often _________(watch) TV in the evening

四、 按照要求改写句子

1. Jack watches TV every evening.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________

2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

___________________________________________________

3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答)

___________________________________________________

4. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

___________________________________________________

5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________

不管是否定句还是疑问句,用上了助动词以后,后面的行为动词都要使用动词原形。

三、现在进行时

● 1.现在进行时 表示现在正在进行或发生的动作。

● 2.现在进行时的肯定句

基本结构:主语+be+ 动词ing. 如: I am eating.

● 现在进行时的否定句

基本结构:主语+be not + 动词ing. 如: I am not eating. ● 现在进行时的一般疑问句

基本结构: be动词 +主语 +动词ing. 如: Are you eating? ● 现在进行时的特殊疑问句

基本结构:特殊疑问词+ be +主语+动词ing?

如:What are you eating?

动词的ing形式(动词的现在分词)的变化规则

● 1 一般情况下直接在动词后面加ing

read--reading sleep---sleeping study---studying clean--cleaning play---playing

● 2 以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,去掉字母e,再加ing

come---coming make---making ride---riding have---having take---taking

write---writing dance---dancing

● 3 以重读闭音节(重读闭音节即两个辅音中间夹一个元音并且重读的音节)结尾,呈现 “辅,元,辅”结构的动词,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加ing

stop--stopping停 sit--sitting坐 run--running跑 begin—beginning开始

cut--cutting切 get--getting得到 swim--swimming游 dig--digging挖

● 一、写出下列动词的现在分词(即ing形式):

play_____

make_________go_______like________ run________swim__________ write________ ski_________ read________ have________sing________ dance_______ put_________ see________ buy _________ love___________ live_______ take_________ come ________ get_________stop_________ sit ________ begin________ shop___________

二、用所给的动词的正确形式填空:

1.The boy ______________ ( draw) a picture now.

2. Listen .Some girls _____________ ( sing) in the classroom .

3. My mother ____________ ( cook ) the meals now.

4. What _____ you _______ ( do ) now?

5. Look . They _____________( have) an English lesson .

6.They ______________(not ,water) the flowers now.

7.Look! the girls ______________(dance ) in the classroom .

8.What is your grandmother doing? She __________(listen ) to music.

9. It’s 5 o’clock now. We ____________(have) dinner now.

10.______Helen____________(wash ) clothes? Yes ,she is .

● 三、句型转换:

1. They are doing housework .(分别改成一般疑问句和否定句)

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

2.The students are cleaning the classroom . ( 改成一般疑问句并作肯定和否定回答)

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

3.I’m 对划线部分进行提问)

____________________________________________________________

4.对划线部分进行提问)

_________________________________________________________________

四、一般将来时

● 一、概念:表示将要发生的动作以及打算或者准备做某事。句中一般有以下时间状语:tomorrow, this weekeng, next day(week, month, year…),等。 ● 二、基本结构: ①主 + be going to + 动词原形; ②主 +will+ 动词原形.

I am going to play football tomorrow(明天). = I will play football tomorrow. ● 三、否定句:在be动词(am, is, are)后加not,主 + be not going to + 动词原形。

例如:I’m going to have a picnic this afternoon.

→ I’m not going to have a picnic this afternoon.

● 四、一般疑问句: 把be提到句首,some改为any, 第一二人称互换。 Be + 主+ going to +动词原形?

例如:We are going to swim this weekend. → Are you going to swim this weekend?

填空

1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。 I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends.

I ________ have a picnic with my friends.

2. 下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。

What ________ ________ _________ _________ _________ next Monday? I _______ ______ _____ play basketball.

What _________ you do next Monday? I ________ play basketball.

3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。

_____ your mother _______ ________ go shopping this ___________? Yes, she _________. She ______ ________ __________ buy some fruit.

4. 你们打算什么时候见面。 What time _______ you _________ __________ meet?

● 改句子

1. Lucy is going to go hiking.(改否定)

Lucy ____ ____ going to go hiking.

2. I’m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句)

________ _______ ________ to get up at 6:30 tomorrow?

3. (对划线部分提问)

________ _______ she ________ ________ _________ after school?

4. 同上)

_________ _________ going to see a film tomorrow?

五、 一般过去时

● 1.一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用。一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作。 ● 2.一般过去时Be动词的变化:

⑴ am 和is在一般过去时中变为was。(was not=wasn’t)

⑵ are在一般过去时中变为were。(were not=weren’t)

⑶ 带有was或were的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和is, am, are一样,即否定句在was或were后加not,一般疑问句把was或were调到句首。 ● 3.没有be动词的一般过去时

肯定句: 主语+动词过去式? 如: Jim went home yesterday.

否定句: 主语+didn’t +动词原形? 如:Jim didn’t go home yesterday. 一般疑问句: Did+主语+动词原形? 如:Did Jim go home yesterday? 特殊疑问句:⑴疑问词+did+主语+动词原形? 如: What did Jim do yesterday?

⑵疑问词当主语时:疑问词+动词过去式?如:Who went to home yesterday?

动词过去式变化规则:

● 1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:clean-cleaned, cook-cooked

● 2.以不发音的e结尾的在词尾加d,如:like-liked live-lived

● 3.末尾有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,双写末尾的辅音字母,加-ed,如:stop-stopped

● 4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变y为i, 再加-ed,如:study-studied 但play-played

● 5.不规则动词过去式:

am, is-was, are-were, do-did, see-saw, get-got, go-went, come-came, have-had, eat-ate, take-took, sing-sang, put-put, make-made, read-read, write-wrote, draw-drew, fly-flew, , swim-swam

● 一写出下列动词的过去式

is\am_________ fly_______ plant________ are ________play_______ go________ make ________

does_________ dance________ worry________ ask _____taste_________ eat__________ draw________ put ______

swim________ kick_________ pass_______ do ________

● 二、用动词的适当形式填空

1. He _________ (live) in Wuxi two years ago.

2. The cat ________ (eat) a bird last night.

3. We _______ (have) a party last weekend.

4. Lucy ________ (pick) up oranges on the farm last week.

5. I ________ (make) a snowman with Mike yesterday.

6. They ________ (play) chess in the classroom last PE lesson.

7. My mother _______ (cook) a nice food last Spring Festival.

8. The girls ________ (sing) and _______ (dance) at the party.

9. She _______ (be) happy yesterday.

10. Yang Ling ________ (be) eleven years old last year.

11. There ________ (be) an apple on the plate yesterday

● 三、句型转换

1. All the students were very excited.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

2. We sang some English songs.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

● 3. They played football in the playground.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

六、比较级

● 1、比较级在句子中的运用:两个事物或人的比较用比较级,比较级后面一般带有单词than。

● 一般句式的构成:

● A + is / are+ 形容词比较级+ than + B

● A 是主格 B 是宾格

● 如: She is taller than me.

● 2.形容词加er的规则:

⑴ 一般在词尾加er 如:small--smaller clean--cleaner ;

⑵ 以字母e 结尾,加r 如:fine--finer nice--nicer;

⑶闭音节单音节词如末尾只有一个辅音字母,须先双写这个辅音字母,再加-er 如:big--bigger hot--hotter ;

● ⑷ 以“辅音字母+y”结尾,先把y变i,再加er 如:heavy--haevier easy--easier。

● 3.不规则形容词比较级:

good-better,

● 一、从方框中选出合适的单词完成句子

heavy tall long much many big

● (1) How ● (2) How He’s 175cm.

● (3) How I wear size 18.

● (4) How It’s 100 yuan.

● (5) How There are 5. ● (6) How is the fish? It’s 2kg.

● 二、根据句意写出所缺的单词

● (1) I’m 12 years old. You’re 14. I’m ● (2) A rabbit’s tail is than a monkey’s tail.

● (3) An elephant is ● (4) A lake is ● (5) A basketball is ● (5) This bag is (beautiful) of the three.

● 三、根据中文完成句子.

● (1) 我比我的弟弟大三岁. I’m ● (2) 这棵树要比那棵树高. This tree ● (3) 你比他矮四厘米. You are ● (4) 谁比你重? ● (5) 他比你更强壮. He is ● 四、根据答句写出问句

● (1) I’m 160 cm.

● (2) I’m 12 years old.

● (3)

● (4) Amy’s hair is 30 cm long.

● (5)

六、 There be 句型与have, has的区别

1、There be 句型表示:在某地有某物(或人)

2、在there be 句型中,主语是单数,be 动词用is ; 主语是复数,be 动词用are ; 如有几件物品,be 动词根据最接近be 动词的那个名词决定。

3、there be 句型的否定句在be 动词后加not , 一般疑问句把be 动词调到句首。

4、there be句型与have (has) 的区别:there be 表示在某地有某物(或人);have (has) 表示某人拥有某物。

5、some 和any 在there be 句型中的运用:some 用于肯定句, any 用于否定句或疑问句。

6、针对数量提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:

How many + 名词复数 + are there + 地点短语?

用am, is, are 填空

1. I ______ a boy. ______ you a boy? No, I _____ not.

2. The girl______ Jack's sister.

3. The dog _______ tall and fat.

4. The man with big eyes _______ a teacher.

5. ______ your brother in the classroom?

6. Where _____ your mother? She ______ at home.

7. How _______ your father?

8. Mike and Liu Tao ______ at school.

9. Whose dress ______ this?

10. Whose socks ______ they?

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