1. 通常表示过去发生的而现在已经结束的事件、动作 或情况。 Eg. Sam phoned a moment ago. I got up at eight this morning. 2. 还可以表示刚刚发生的事情而没说明时间。 Eg. Did the telephone ring? Who left the door open? 3. 也可以表示过去的习惯性动作。 Eg. I smoked 40 cigarettes a day till I gave up.
1. 有be的句子 am/is—was are—were eg.肯定句：He was a cook 2 years ago. They were at school yesterday. 否定句：He was not a cook 2 years ago. They were not at school yesterday. 一般疑问句：Was he a cook 2 years ago? Yes, he was. No, he wasn’t. Were they at school yesterday? Yes, they were. No, they weren’t.
? 2. 行为动词的一般过去式。
? A. 规则动词的变化规则： ? （1）一般动词直接加-ed
? B. 规则动词过去式的发音：
在清辅音后读/t/，在元音和浊辅音后读/d/， 在辅音/t/,/d/后读 /id/。 ? C. 不规则动词变化需参看不规则动词表逐一 熟记。(一般和过去分词一起记忆)。 ? D. 基本句式：
yesterday morning (afternoon, evening…) last night two days ago, years ago… (week, month, year …) a week ago, three
? ---- Your phone number again? I ___
quite catch it. ? ---- It's 69568442. ? A. didn't B. couldn't C. don't D. can't ? 答案A. 本句虽没有明确的时间状语，但从语 意上看出，在听的时候没有听懂这个动作发 生在过去，因此应用过去时。
改写句子： 1、Lucy did her homework at home.（改否定句） didn’t _______ do Lucy _______ her homework at home. 2、He found some meat in the fridge.（变一般疑问句) Did find ______ any meat in the fridge? ______ he _____ 3、She stayed there for a week.（对划线部分提问） How ______ long _____ did she _____ stay there? ______
4、There was some orange in the cup.（变一般疑问句) Was there _____ any orange in the cup? _____
? 一. 单选。 ? 1. He usually goes to school by bus, but ?
? ? ?
yesterday he a taxi. A. takes B. took C. gets on D. got on 2. I some books about Amerian history from our library last week. A. borrowed B. took C. brought D. lent 3. It was warm, so I my coat. A. put on B. put up C. took off D. take off
? 4. The window was open and a
bird into my room. ? A. flies B. flys C. flyed D. flew ? 5. Both my parents born in Tianjin and I born in Shanghai. ? A. are, am B. was, were C. were, was D. did, did
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
1. Xiao Lin went fishing this morning.（改为一般疑问句） 2. We visited our teacher last night.（就划线部分提问） 3. He had lunch at school.（改为否定句） 4. There was some milk in the bottle. （就划线部分提问） 5. He went to that city with his uncle. （改为一般疑问句）
Infinitive am is Past tense was Infinitive catch Past tense caught
begin break bring build buy can
begun broke brought built bought could
do draw drink drive eat fall
did drew drank drove ate fell
想要 问 参观 变 爬 跳 下雪
want -- wanted ask—asked visit—visited turn—turned climb—climbed jump—jumped snow—snowed
居住 同意 有 做 花费 唱 给
live -- lived agree—agreed have—had do—did spend—spent sing—sang give—gave
告诉 来 说 游泳 发现 去 成为
tell—told come—came say—said swim—swam find– found go -- went become--became