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人教PEP版英语六年级下册《小升初语法总复习 1》课件

发布时间:2014-02-03 11:02:25  

(人教Pep)六年级英语下册课件

一、词类:
这里强调一点:不可数名词都默认为单数,所以总是用 is
1)名词复数如何加后缀(各种不同情况变化) A.一般情况直接加-s book-books bag-bags cat-cats bed-beds
B.以s. x. sh. ch结尾加-es :bus-buses box-boxes watch-watches peach—peaches glass—glasses C.以“辅音字母+y”结尾变y为i, 再加-es family-families brush-brushes study—studies

D.以“f或fe”结尾变f或fe为v,再加-es knife-knives
E.不规则名词复数man-men woman-women policeman-policemen policewoman-policewomen mouse-mice foot-feet child-children fish-fish Chinese-Chinese

练习 写出下列各词的复数 I _________him _________this ___________her ______ watch _______child _______photo ________diary ______ day________ foot________ book_______ dress ________ tooth_______ sheep ______box_______ strawberry _____ thief _______yo-yo ______ peach______ sandwich ______ man______ woman_______ paper_______ juice___________ water________ milk________ rice__________ tea__________

主格

宾格
me , us you him , her It them

2.人称代词

第一人称 第二人称 第三人称

I , we you he, she , it ,they

3.形容词性物主代词
主格: I you she he it his they its we their our

形容词性物主代词:

My your her

exercises
1. This is(my / I)mother.

6. Are(your / you)Miss Li?
2. Nice to meet (your / you). 7. (I / My)am Ben. 3. (He / His)name is Mark. 8. (She / Her)is my sister. 4. What’s(she / her)name? 9. Fine , thank (your / you). 5. Excuse(me / my / I).

10. How old is (he / his)

4.指示代词 指近处指远处单数this (这个)that (那个) 复数these(这些)those(那些)

5.冠词有a、an、the。a和an的区别:an用于元 音音素(一般就是元音字母a、e、i、o、u)前, a用于辅音音素前。

6.形容词和副词的比较级
一、形容词的比较级 1.形容词比较级在句子中的运用:两个事物或人的比较用比较级, 比较级后面一般带有单词than。比较 级前面可以用more, a little 来修饰表示程度。than后的人称代 词用主格(口语中可用宾格)。 2.形容词加er的规则:一般在词尾加er ;以字母e 结尾,加r ; 3.以一个元音字母和一个辅音字母结尾,应双写末尾的辅音字母, 再加er ; “辅音字母+y”结尾,先把y变i,再加er 。

4.不规则形容词比较级: good-better, beautiful-more beautiful

二、副词的比较级 1.形容词与副词的区别 (有be用形,有形用be;有动 用副,有副用动) (1)在句子中形容词一般处于名词之前或be动词之后 (2)副词在句子中最常见的是处于实义动词之后

2.副词比较级的变化规则基本与形容词比较级相同 (不规则变化:well-better, far-farther)

练习
根据句意填入单词的正确形式: 1. My brother is two years _______

___(old) than me. 2. Tom is as ________(fat) as Jim. 3. Is your sister __________(young) than you? Yes, she is. 4. Who is ___________(thin), you or Helen? Helen is. 5. Whose pencil-box is __________(big), yours or hers? Hers is.

6. Mary’s hair is as __________(long) as Lucy’s. 7.Ben ______ (jump) ________ (high) than some of the boys in his class. 8.________ Nancy sing __________ (well) than Helen? Yes, she _____. 9.Fangfang is not as _________ (tall) as the other girls.

10.My eyes are __________(big) than ________ (she)..
11.Which is ___________(heavy), the elephant or the pig?

12.Who gets up _________(early), Tim or Tom?

二、否定句
be动词(am、is、are)+not、 情态动词can+ not、 助动词(do、does) + not 如何将一个肯定的陈述句改为否定句: 1.看句中有无be动词,如有,直接在be动词后+ not。 2.看句中有无情态动词,如有,直接在情态动词后 + not。 3.如上述二者都没有,就应用助动词+ not。

三、一般疑问句
? (1)肯定陈述句中本来是没有助动词的,要加上去, 位置在主语(某人或某物)后,动词前。 ? (2)确定助动词用do、does,根据句中动词,动词 是原形的助动词就用do,动词是第三人称单数的助动 词就用does, ? (3)在助动词后加not。 ? (4)原句中动词假如发生变化就要恢复成原形。 ? 强调一点,有some的要考虑是否要用any。

常用疑问词 : What time 什么时间 问具体时间,如几点 Who谁问人 Whose 谁的问主人 Where在哪里问地点 What 什么问东西、事物 What colour什么颜色问颜色 How old多大年纪问年纪 How many多少数量(可数名词)问数量 How much多少钱;多少数量(不可数名词) 问多少钱或数量(不可数)

五 时态(一):一般现在时
用法:经常性的和习惯性的动作 常用时间状语 : usually, sometimes, in
spring, every day, in the morning 动词构成 :动词原型. work 动词+S.(主语是第三人称单数) works 否定构成 : don’t+动原 doesn’t+动原

一般疑问构成及简答: Do+主语+动原+其它?Yes,I do. Does+主语+动原+其它?No,he doesn’t. 特殊疑问举例 : 1. What do you often do on Sundays? 2. Where does he live?

1. She ______________ (go) to school at eight o’clock. 2. It’s six o’clock. They are _____________ supper. (eat) 3. He usually ___________ up at 17:00.(get ) 4. She ___________ (live) in Beijing. 5. Sally _________ (be) here just now. (刚才) 6. _______ (be) there a fly (苍蝇) on the table just now? 7. They are __________ (dig) a hole (洞). 8. My father _______________ (mend) his model(模型) plane these days

用法:说话时正在进行的动作或当 前 一段时间正在进行的动作 常用时间状语 :now, these days 动词构成 : am/is/are+现在分词(--ing) am/is/are working 否定构成 : am/is/are+not+现在分词 For example: Tom is

playing football on the playground.

一般疑问构成及简答: Am/Is/Are+主语+现在分词+ 其它? Yes, I am (he is.) /No, they aren’t 特殊疑问举例: What are you doing now? Who is flying a kite there?

用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空。 1. Look! The children ________(swim) in the river. 2. Now we ________(want) to play basketball. 3. -________you ________(draw) a picture? -No, I'm not. I ________(write) a letter. 4. What are you _________(do) now? I ___________(eat) bread. 5. It’s nine o’clock. My father_______________ (work) in the office.

6. Look, the boy____________ (put) the rubbish into the bin. 7. __________ he __________(clean) the classroom? No, he isn’t. He____________ (play). 8. Where is Mark? He___________ (run) on the grass. 9. Listen, who ____________(sing) in the music room? Oh, 10. Look! LiPing and Li Ying ________(play) basketball now.

用法:过去时间发生的或过去经常性的动作 常用时间状语:yesterday,last night,two days ago, in 2000,at that time,before liberation,when 等引导的 含 过去时的句子。 动词构成:动词过去时(-ed) worked work 否定构成:didn’t+动原 didn’t work 一般疑问构成及简答举例:Did+主语+动原+其它? Yes,主语+did./No, 主语+didn’t.

一般疑问构成及简答举例:Did+主语+动原+其 它? We went to the cinema yesterday. Did you go to the cinema yesterday ? 特殊疑问句举例: What did he do yesterday? When did he get up this morning? 备注:He opened the door.(不能确定门现在是 否开着)

练习
?一、 用be动词的适当形式填空

1. I _______ at school just now. 2. He ________ at the camp last week. 3. We ________ students two years ago. 4. They ________ on the farm a moment ago. 5. Yang Ling ________ eleven years old last year. 6. There ________ an apple on the plate yesterday. 7. There ________ some milk in the fridge on Sunday. 8. The mobile phone _______ on the sofa yesterday evening.

1. It was exciting.

否定句:

二、 句型转换

__________________________________

一般疑问句:
__________________________________

肯、否定回答:
__________________________________ 2. All the students were very excited.

否定句:
__________________________________

一般疑问句:
__________________________________

肯、否定回答:
________________________

用法:将来会出现或发生的动作
常用时间状语:this evening, tomorrow, next month, in a few minutes, at the end of this term 动词构成: 1.will/shall+动原 2.am/is/are going to+动词原型 3.sm/is/are(about)+动词不定式 4.am/is/are+coming等现在分词 否定构成:will/shall not do/ a m/is/are not going to do

特殊疑问句举例: What will you do tomorrow? When are we going to have a class meeting?
备注:在if条件或as soon as等时间状语从句中用一 般现在时代替一般将来时。 I will write to you as soon as I arrived in Beijin

g.

练习
填空。 1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。 I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends. I ________ have a picnic with my friends. 2. 下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。 What ________ ________ _________ _________ _________ next Monday? I _______ ______ _____ play basketball. What _________ you do next Monday? I ________ play basketball. 3. 你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。 _____ your mother _______ ________ go shopping this ___________? Yes, she _________. She ______ ________ __________ buy some fruit. 4. 你们打算什么时候见面。


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