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人教PEP版英语六年级下册《期末总复习 语法要点》课件

发布时间:2014-02-03 11:02:34  

一、 一般现在时:

1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。 如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。 He is a boy 他是个男孩 she has long hair .她有长头发
2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。如:I get up at six every day.我每天六 点起床。一般的时间词有:often , sometimes ,everyday ,usually

一般现在时的构成
1. be动词:主语+be(am,is,are)+其它。 如: I am a boy.我是一个男孩。He is a student .他是一个学生 2.行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。 如: We study English.我们学习英语。 当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时, 要在动词后加"-s"或"-es"。如:Mary likes Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉语。

一般现在时的变化 1. be动词的变化。否定句:主语+ be + not +其它。如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。 一般疑问句:Be +主语+其它。如:-Are you a student? -Yes. I am. / No, I'm not. 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如: Where is my bike? 2.行为动词的变化。否定句:主语+ don't( doesn't ) +动词原形(+其它)。 如:I don't like bread.

当主语为第三人称单数时,要用doesn‘t构 成否定句。 如:He doesn't often play. 一般疑问句: Do( Does ) +主语+动词原形+其它。如:Do you often play football?- Yes, I do. / No, I don't. 当主语为第三人称单数时,要用does构成一般 疑问句。 如:- Does she go to work by bike?- Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't.特殊疑问句: 疑问词+一般疑问句。如:How does your father go to work?

动词+s的变化规则
1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks

2.以s. x. sh. ch. o结尾,加-es,如: guess-guesses, wash-washes, watchwatches, go-goes
3.以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es, 如:study-studies

现在进行时
1.现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发 生的动作,也可表示当前一段时间内 的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作。He is taking pictures. 2.现在进行时的肯定句基本结构为 be+动词ing. The monkey is swinging. She is cooking dinner . he is doing his homework.

现在进行时的否定句在be后加not。 She is not taking pictures. He isn’t climbing moutains. 4.现在进行时的一般疑问句把be动词 调到句首。Is he reading a book? Is the rabbit running ?

5.现在进行时的特殊疑问的基本结构 为:疑问词不达意 + be + 主语 + 动 词ing? 但疑问词当主语时其结构为: 问词不达意 + be + 动词ing?

动词加ing的变化规则
1.一般情况下,直接加ing,如:cookcooking 2.以不发音的e结尾,去e加ing,如:makemaking, taste-tasting take-taking
3.如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母, 双写末尾的辅音字母,再加ing,如:runrunning, stop-stopping swimswimming

将来时理论 一、 概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态 及打算、计划或准备做某事。句中

一般有以下时 间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, the day after tomorrow(后 天)this morning , this afternoon , this evening等。 二、基本结构:①be going to + do;wuyifan is going to visit his grandparents next weekend . amy is going to climb mountains tomorrow. ②will+ do. He will go shopping this afternoon. He will go to shanghai next month .

三、否定句:在be动词(am, is, are)l后加 not或情态动词will后加not成won’t。

一般过去时 1.一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或 存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用。一 般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作感谢。 如: yesterday ,last( weekend ,month ,year…) be used to 2.Be动词在一般过去时中的变化: ⑴am 和is在一般过去时中变为was。(was not=wasn’t) ⑵are在一般过去时中变为 were。(were not=weren’t)

⑶带有was或were的句子,其否定、疑问的变 化和is, am, are一样,即否定句在was或were 后加not,一般疑问句把was或were调到句首。 3.句中没有be动词的一般过去时的句子 否定句:didn’t +动词原形,如:Jim didn’t go home yesterday. 一般疑问句:在句首加did,句子中的动词过 去式变回原形。如:Did Jim go home yesterday? 特殊疑问句:⑴疑问词+did+主语+动词原形? 如: What did Jim do yesterday? ⑵疑问词当主语时:疑问词+动词过去式? 如:Who went to home yesterday?

动词过去式变化规则: 1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pullpulled, cook-cooked

2.结尾是e加d,如:taste-tasted 3.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字 母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母, 再加-ed,如:stop-stopped 4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变y为i, 再加-ed,如:study-studied

5.不规则动词过去式: am,is-was, are-were, do-did, see-saw, say-said, give-gave, get-got, go-went, come-came, have-had, eat-ate, take-took, run-ran, sing-sang, put-put, make-made, read-read, writewrote, draw-drew, drink-drank, fly-flew, ride-rode, speak-spoke, sweep-swept, swim-swam, sitsat teach-taught feel – felt

形容词比较级复习 1、形容词比较级在句子中的运 用:两个事物或人的比较用比 较级,比较级后面一般带有单 词than。比较级前面可以用 more, a little 来修饰表示程 度。than后的人称代词用主格 (口语中可用宾格)。

2.形容词加er的规则:⑴一般在词尾加 er ;short-shorter small-smaller ⑵ 以字母e 结尾,加r ;fine-finer latelater ⑶以一个元音字母和一个辅音字母结尾, 应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加er ;bigbigger thin-thinner fat-fatter ⑷以“辅音字母+y”结尾,先把y变i,再 加er 。easy-easier heavy-heavier early-earlier 3.不规则形容词比较级: good-better, beautiful-more beautiful

There be 句型与have, has的区别 1

、There be 句型表示:在某地有某物(或人) 2、在there be 句型中,主语是单数,be 动词 用is ; 主语是复数,be 动词用are ; 如有几件 物品,be 动词根据最*近be 动词的那个名词决 定。 3、there be 句型的否定句在be 动词后加not , 一般疑问句把be 动词调到句首。 4、there be句型与have(has) 的区别: there be 表示在某地有某物(或人); have(has) 表示某人拥有某物。 5、some 和any 在there be 句型中的运用: some 用于肯定句, any 用于否定句或疑问句。

4 、特殊疑问句:以特殊疑问词( what , where , who , which , when , whose , why , how 等)开头引导的句子。此类句子应该 问什么就答什么,不能用“yes 、no”来回 答。如: What is this? It’s a computer. What does he do? He’s a doctor. Where are you going? I ’ m going to Beijing. Who played football with you yesterday afternoon? Mike.

Which season do you like best? Summer. When do you usually get up? I usually get up at 6:30. Whose skirt is this? It’s Amy’s. Why do you like spring best? Because I can plant trees. How are you? I’m fine. / I’m happy. How did you go to Xinjiang? I went to Xinjiang by train.

☆其中how又可以和其他一些形容词连用组 成特殊疑问词组用来提问,如: how many (多少(数量)), how much(多少(钱)), how tall(多高), how long(多长), how big(多大), how heavy(多重) 例句:How many pencils do you have? I have three pencils. How many girls can you see? I can see four girls. How many desks are there in your classroom? There are 51.

heavy tall long much many big far often (1) How is the Yellow River? (2) How is Mr Green? He’s 175cm. (3) How are your feet? I wear size 18. (4) How is the white T-shirt? It’s 100 yuan. (5) How apples are there in the bag? There are 5. (6) How is the fish? It’s 2kg.

四、根据答句写出问句 (1) I’m 160 cm. (2) I’m 12 years old. (3) My shoes are 80 yuan. (4) Amy’s hair is 30 cm long. (5) I have three English books.

时间介词at,on,in的用法 1.at用在具体的时刻和中午前面。 如:at 6:00, at seven thirty, at noon 2.on用在具体星期、日期前面。 如:on Monday, on September 1st 3 . in 用在年、月、季节或早上、下 午、晚上的前面。 如:in 2008, in February, in spring, in the morning

特殊疑问词 what 什么 where 哪里 who 谁 whose 谁的 when 什么时候 how 怎样 which 哪一个 what colour 什么颜色 what day 星期几 what date 日期 what class 什么班 why 为什么 what time 什么时候 how many 多少 what subject 什么科目 how much 多少钱 how often 多经常 how long 多长时间 how old 多大 how tall 多高 how heavy 多重

四,特殊疑问词。 问什么What 问哪里Where 问怎么样How 问什么颜色What colour 问哪一个Which 问星期几What day 问谁Who 问什么国家What country 问什么日期Wh

at date 问谁的Whose 问多久How long 问什么语言What language 问为什么Why 问什么科目What subject 问什么形状What shape 问多少How many 问什么城市What city 问多少钱 How much 问多少岁How old问什么时候What time 问多经常How often 问多高How tall 问什么时候When 问多重How heavy 问什么季节What season问什么动物What animal(s)


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