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文本再构之我见

发布时间:2014-02-03 13:44:29  

文本再构之我见

文本再构

教材的二度开发

教材使用上强调:
★ 教英语 ★ 依靠教材 ★ 超越教材 不是教教材 不是依赖教材 不是脱离教材

调整

整合

补充

文本再构:
创设语境
习得语言 运用语言

文本再构的要点
T C L L U
Topic Content Length Level

Unit

文本再构的依据: 以教材为基础 以学生为对象 以课标为原则

再构的文本要注意: 内容的逻辑性 语言的逻辑性

情感的逻辑性

文本再构的策略

加一点 (教材的适量拓展)

A sweet dream
Kitty: Wow! I can run. I can swim. I can read

English. I can write English well. I can fly
in the sky. I’m super. I’m a super girl. Mum: Honey! Wake up! Kitty: Mum, mum. I’m super. I can run and swim. I can read and write English. I can

fly in the sky.
Mum: You can have a sweet dream, but you can’t miss the school bus again.

Parks and places in China
I know this place. It’s Ocean Park. It’s in Hong Kong.

Ocean Park is famous for sea animals. Ocean Theatre is in the
park. You can go to the Ocean Theatre to see the sharks, dolphins and seals. The dolphins and seals can jump and dive

well. You will have a lot of fun in Ocean Park!
I know this place. It’s Yu Garden. It is in Shanghai. Yu

Garden is famous for Shanghai Snacks. You can go to Yu
Garden to see ZigZag Bridge. You can walk on the bridge. People say: “Walking through ZigZag Bridge will bring you good luck.” …

加一点

(文化的渗透)

Birthday
People have different birthday parties in different countries.

In China, people eat noodles with the family members and friends.

In America, if you can blow out all the candles, people think your

dreams will come true.

In England, people bake the birthday cake. And there are coins inside

the cake. If somebody eats a coin in his piece of cake, he will be rich.

In India, if you want to celebrate your birthday, you often have the

birthday party at school. Your best friend passes out chocolates to
other classmates. You will wear a colourful dress or T-shirt. How interesting!

Western food in England My name’s Anna, aged eleven. I live in London, England. I usually have a light breakfast in the morning, because I am very busy. I have lunch at school from Monday to Friday. I always have sandwiches and potatoes. At eleven a.m and three p.m, my friends and I often have a bar of chocolate or cookies. So the dentists in our country are very busy. Dinner is the biggest meal of a day. I like to have a salad for an appetizer, my mother likes to have soup and baked bread is my father’s favourite. For the main course, I like to have beef and noodles. My parents usually have some fish, chips and vegetables, after the main course, we have desserts. In winter we like to have pudding and in summer we always have ice cream. Western food in England, do you want to have a try?

选一点

(选用与话题相关的材料)

Oxford 2A Modul

e 2 Unit 3 (P23)

My hair is short

Daning International Elementary School

magic mirrors

选一点

(选用与学生情感体验相关的材料)

Home life

My sweet home Home! Home! Sweet, sweet home. There’s no place like home. There’s no place like home. Home is reading books in the bedroom. Home is having dinner in the dining-room. Home is talking with family in the sitting-room. Home is having a bath in the bathroom. Home is cooking dinner in the kitchen. Home is a warm place to be. Home is a warm place to be.

选一点

(选用与教材内容相关的材料)

A tree is nice
A tree is nice, it has leaves. The leaves are big and green. The leaves fall down in autumn, We play in them.

A tree is nice, it has a trunk. The trunk is tall and strong. We climb the tree, And see over all the yards.

A tree is nice, it has branches. The branches are thick and brown. Birds can make nests in them, How happy they are.

Be nice to the trees, Be nice to the plants, Be nice to the nature. They give us a wonderful world.

改一点

(改变文体)

Monkeys and hats

The Sense of Touch We can touch and feel with our hands. We can feel the difference between big and small. … We are happy to have the sense of touch. The Sense of Hearing We can listen and hear with our ears. We can hear the wind blowing. … We are happy to have the sense of hearing. The Sense of Sight We can look and see with our eyes. We use our eyes for reading. … We are happy to have the sense of sight.

We have five senses to tell us —
What is going on in the outside world.

Sight from our eyes.
Hearing from our ears. Smell from our noses. Taste from our tongues. And touch from most of our skin(皮肤).

改一点

(改变句型结构)

Scene 1 Narrator: There are three bears living in the forest. They are Papa Bear, Mama Bear and Baby Bear. They live in a small house. Papa: I am Papa Bear. I am fat and strong. I like drinking milk. I love Mama Bear and Baby Bear. Mama: I am Mama Bear. I am thin and beautiful. I like eating

bread. I love Papa Bear and Baby Bear.
Baby: I am Baby Bear. I am so much cute. I like sleeping in my bed. I love Papa Bear and Mama Bear.

Mama & Papa: It’s sunny. Let’s go out.
Papa & Baby: Ok, let’s go!

Scene 2

Narrator: Lucy is a pretty girl. She is hungry, thirsty and
tired. Lucy: I am Lucy. I’m hungry, thirsty and tired. Look! A nice house! I’m thirsty. I want some milk. Ugh, this one is too hot. This one is too cold. This one is just right. It’s nice. I’m hungry. I want some bread. This one is too big. This one is too small. This one is just right. It’s yummy. I’m tired. This chair is too soft. This one is too hard. This one is just right. It’s Ok. Oh, a bed. I want to sleep. This bed is soft. I like it.

Scene 3

Narrator: Lucy goes to sleep. At this time,
three bears come back. Papa: Oh, my milk! Mama: Oh, my bread! Baby: Look at my chair!

Lucy: I’m sorry.
Papa & Mama & Baby bear: Th

at’s all right.

Follow the sign

编一点

(编儿歌)

In the children’s garden

In the garden, what can you see? A tall red slide I can see. Slide on the slide in the sun, You’ll have fun. …

In the sky
Look at the sky, the sky, the sky. Look at the sky at night. Can you see the sun? Can you see the sun? Can you see the sun at night? No. No. No, I can’t. I can’t see the sun at night. Look at the sky, the sky, the sky. Look at the sky at night. Can you see the moon? Can you see the moon? Can you see the moon at night? Yes. Yes. Yes, I can. I can see the moon at night. The big bright moon in the sky.

Look at the sky, the sky, the sky. Look at the sky at night. Can you see the stars? Can you see the stars? Can you see the stars at night? Yes. Yes. Yes, I can. I can see the stars at night. The little shining stars in the sky.

It is night. The The
Look at the sun, the moon and the stars. They make day and night.

is working. are working. is sleeping.

The

I’m sleeping too.
Good night! Good night!
The sun is beautiful. The moon is beautiful. The stars are beautiful. The sun, the moon and the stars, They’re a happy family.

It is day.

The
The The

is working.
is sleeping. are sleeping.

I’m playing. I’m happy in the day.

The sun, the moon and the stars, They make day and night.

It is day. The is working.

The
The

is sleeping.
are sleeping.

I’m playing.

I’m happy in the day.

It is night.

The
The The

working is _______. working are________. sleeping is _______.

sleeping too. I’m _______ Good night! Good night!

The sun is beautiful. The moon is beautiful. The stars are beautiful. The sun, the moon and the stars,

They are a happy family.

It is day.
I can see the sun in the sky.

I can _____. I can _____.
I’m happy in the day.
It is night. I can see the moon in the sky. The moon is _____. It is night. Good night! Good night! I can see the stars in the sky. The stars are _____. Good night! Good night!

文本修改建议
It is day. I can see the sun in the sky.

The sun is working.
The moon is sleeping.

The stars are sleeping too.

文本修改建议
It is night. I can see the moon and the stars in the sky. The sun is sleeping. The moon is working. The stars are working too.

文本修改建议
In the sky, I can see the sun, the moon and the stars.

They make day and night.
They are beautiful.

They are a happy family.

In our school
In our school, there is a gym. Where’s Kim? In front of the gym. In our school, there is a gym. Kim likes to play in the gym. In our school, there is a canteen. Where’s Jean? Behind the canteen. In our school, there is a canteen. Jean likes to eat in the canteen.

In our school, there is a lab. Where’s Webb? Near the lab. In our school, there is a lab. Webb likes to learn in the lab. In our school, there is an office. Where’s Miss Ross? In her office In our school, there is an office Miss Ross likes to work in her office.

编一点

(编短剧)

The animals are having a picnic on the farm.

Father pig: Sheep:

Sheep, sheep, what do you want? Baa, baa! I want some grass.

Father pig:
Hen: Father pig: Duck: Father pig:

Hen, hen, what do you want?
Cluck, cluck! I want some rice. Duck, duck, what do you want? Quack, quack, I want some fish. Cow, cow, what do you want?

Cow:

Moo, moo! I want some hay.

Small pig:

Dad, I am hungry.
I want some grass. I want some rice. I want some fish and I want some hay.

Father pig:

Uh-oh! I’m sorry. No more food. There is no more!

Small pig:

No more?

Father pig:

No more!!!

In Ben’s room
Ben and Paul are good friends. Now they’re in Ben’s room. Mum is coming. Mum: Ben: Paul: Mum: Oh, my god! Look at your room. I’m sorry, Mum. I’m sorry, Mrs White. Put your bag on the chair, please. Put your Teddy bear on your bed, please Put your pencil and ruler in the box, please. Put the box under the desk, please. Ben: Okay, Mum. Paul, let’s do it together(一起). Paul: All right. Now the room is clean. Mum is happy. Ben and Paul are happy, too.

编一点

(编语篇)

In the Park
Today is a fine day. Tom, Mary and I are in the park. The park is beautiful. There are many green trees and pink flowers in the park. We can see

some kites and balloons in the sky. Count them.
How many? Three brown kites and five red

balloons. Tom has a ball. It’s blue and small. Mary
has a bicycle. It’s yellow. She likes it. I have an orange toy paper boat. I put it on the river. How fun!

Tips
精准性

Different weather in different places In different places, the weather is different. The weather in the southwest of China is very dry. There are only about 6 millimetres of rain in Yunnan. In Guangxi, the high temperature is 26C . But there are only about 11 millimetres of rain. People are short of rain and water there. The weather in Australia is wet. But there is storm in Melbourne. There are about 33 millimetres of rain in an hour. The heavy rain floods many shopping malls. People in the world suffer from so many disasters. So please save the water and be friends of the earth.

Tips
精准性 适切性

Weather in Shanghai The weather in Shanghai is characterized by usually mild winters and hot, humid summers. The best time to go is late September to November timeframe, when days are generally quite pleasant. The winter months, December through February, are typically chilly寒冷的 but not snowy. Late spring is the rainy season, usually extending from mid-April through end of May. The rainy season can be 2-3 straight weeks of endless drizzle毛毛雨 and gray, dreary沉闷的 skies. July and August are hot and humid, so be sure to stay well hydrated (bottled water is available everywhere and very cheap). In August, an occasional typhoon will make its way toward Shanghai, but they normally hit well south of the city so Shanghai only sees a heavy rainstorm from it. There are four national holiday periods in China which you will want to tak

e into account as you plan your travel. Spring Festival is Chinese New Year (travel one week before and one to two weeks after is very busy). QingMing is the first few days of April. May 1-3 is the Labor Day holiday, and finally, Oct. 1-7 is National Week, commemorating the founding of the PRC. During these periods hundreds of millions of Chinese travel inside the country. Trains and buses are usually sold out well in advance. Flights are usually ok, but discounts are fewer. Upper-end hotels are quite empty with bargains to be found, as all business-to-business activity comes to a halt. No expense-account travel occurs. Lower cost Chinese hotels, however, may be sold out. At popular tourist destinations, such as Hangzhou south of Shanghai, expect huge crowds of Chinese enjoying their holidays.

文本再构案例分析

再构文本1:
How many apples? Monkey, monkey, how many apples can you see? Six big apples I can see, One for you and one for me. Monkey, monkey, how many apples can you see? Four big apples I can see, One for you and one for me. Monkey, monkey, how many apples can you see? Two big apples I can see, One for you and one for me. Monkey, monkey, how many apples can you see? No more apples I can see.

再构文本2:
In the fruit garden
Monkey, monkey, how many apples can you see? One, two, three, four, five, six. Six apples I can see, Monkey, monkey, how many pears can you see? One, two, three, four, five. Five pears I can see
Monkey, monkey, how many oranges can you see? One, two, three, four. Four oranges I can see, Monkey, monkey, how many peaches can you see? One, two. Two peaches I can see. One for you and one for me

再构文本1: How is the weather?
Sunny,sunny! It’s sunny. I like sunny days. I can sing. No,no! It’s windy. I like windy days. I can dance.

And you? And you?

And you? And you?

No,no. It’s rainy.

No, no. It’s cloudy. I like cloudy days. I can ... (Fly, fly very high)!

I like rainy days.
I can ... And you? And you?

再构文本2:
How is the weather?
How is the weather? Sunny, sunny! It is sunny. How is the weather? Windy, windy! It is windy.

I like sunny days.

I like windy days.

How is the weather?

How is the weather? Cloudy, cloudy! It is cloudy. I like cloudy days.

Rainy, rainy!
It is rainy. I like rainy days.

再构文本:

Rhyme
Allen is a police officer dressed in blue. He helps to keep you safe and sound. It is the job he likes it fine. A: “ No one has a better job than mine.” Bill is a firefighter like a hero. He puts out the fire at the first time. It is the job he likes it fine. B: “No one has a better job than mine.”.

Peter is a doctor dressed in white. He helps sick people to be good. It is the job he likes it fine. P: “No one has a better job than mine.”

Lucy is a nurse like an angel in white. She gives smiles and cares to the sick. It is the job she likes it fine. L: “ No one has a better job than mine.”

Rhyme
Simon is a driver driving very we

ll. He drives a car all day long. It is the job he likes it fine. S: “No one has a better job than mine.”.
Tina is a cook, cooking so well. She makes the yummy food for us all. It is the job she likes it fine. T: “ No one has a better job than mine.”

I want to be a _______,________. I__________________________. It is the job I like it fine. No one has a better job than mine.

修改后的文本:
Jobs
Peter is a doctor dressed in white. He helps sick people to be good. It is the job he likes it fine. P: “No one has a better job than mine.” Allen is a police officer dressed in blue. He keeps you safe and sound. It is the job he likes it fine. A: “ No one has a better job than mine.”

Bill is a firefighter dressed in red. He puts out the fire at the first time. It is the job he likes it fine. B: “No one has a better job than mine.”.

Simon is a driver driving very well. He drives a car all day long. It is the job he likes it fine. S: “No one has a better job than mine.”.
Tina is a cook, cooking so well. She cooks the yummy food for us all. It is the job she likes it fine. T: “ No one has a better job than mine.”

I want to be a __________ __________________________. It is the job I like it fine. No one has a better job than mine.

I’d like to be a mermaid and swim in the sea, sing to the dolphins and have them sing to me.

A basketball player I’d like to be.
I’d like to play a game of ball and be a star

when I grow tall.

I’d like to be a cowboy and ride on a horse, sleep under the stars and see the cows, of course.

A zookeeper I’d like to be. I’d like to work with animals. I’d feed monkeys, snakes and all big cats. But sad to say, not bats.

I’d like to be a dancer. Dancing to the beat (节拍) . Music makes me happy, you see it in my feet.

An astronaut I’d like to be. I’d work in space. I’d fly a rocket and see a great new place.

Everyone has a dream of what they’d like to be. Listen to your talents(天赋) to find what you will be.

Picky Jacky

hungry
饿的

Do you like eating fish? No, I don’t like eating fish.

Do you like eating chicken? No, I don’t like eating chicken .

Do you like eating salad? No, I don’t like eating salad.

Do you like eating bananas? No, I don’t like eating bananas?

Do you like eating carrots ? No, I don’t like eating carrots.

No fish, no chicken, no salad, no bananas, no carrots. What do you like eating?

I like eating ice cream.

Ice cream again?

Yes. Ice cream is my favourite.

hungry

angry

No fish, no chicken, no salad, no bananas, no carrots. What do you like eating?

Don’t be picky.
hungry

Eat everything on table.
Be a nice child!
angry
No fish, no chicken, no salad, no bananas, no carrots. What do you like eating?

总 结:
基于教材主体内容的文本再构 基于文本语言训练的过程再构

基于主题语用表达的目标再构

文本再构成效:
提高了教材研读能力 学会了搜

寻教学资源 提升了自身本体知识

问 题:
再构文本内容的逻辑性 再构文本语言的精准性 再构文本语量的适切性

语言是有声的 文本是有内容的

语言是有形的

语言是有情的

文本是有思想的 文本是有情感的


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