haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 小学教育 > 小学英语小学英语

小学英语音标学习方法

发布时间:2014-02-04 13:53:20  

? 音标也叫音素。目前通用的国

48 个,其中元音 际音标共有_____ 音素_____ 20 个,辅音音素_____ 28 个。

元音
? 元音分为单元音和双元音。

(A) 单元音(12个): / i:/, / ? /, / ?:/, / ? /, / u:/, / ? /, /?:/, / ? /, / ɑ:/, /Λ/, / e /, / ?/,
?

长元音 和________ 短元音 。 单元音可分为_______

/ i:/ /?/ / ?:/ /?/ / u:/ /?/

he these eat green need key big city with sing kid all also short four more clock lot want what rock ruler soup room movie do two put book good look

/?:/ her learn birthday first work / ? / about grammar of hello sister doctor August Saturday / ɑ:/ art start last afternoon /Λ/ bus drum come country son / e / best when breakfast many / ?/ bag and family that apple

单元音

/i:/

/i:/
e
ee ea ie ei

he
see eat field

she
feet read believe

Chinese
sheep meat belief

receive seize

What letter or letter group makes /i:/ ?

/i/

/ i /
y i e a busy live very miss lady rich elect cottage

beside decide village courage

Compare (比较一下!)

1.it--eat 3. fill—feel

2. live— leave 4. sit —seat

/e/

Words to read
bed bread fed dead ten red head weather best hen

/e/ ea bread head dead weather

e a

bed

fed

ten

best

anything many

/?/

Words to read
sad mad man bad apple

hat

glad

fact

stand
bag

family fat cat

a

/?/

Compare (比较一下!)

1.bet--bat 3. beg—bag

2. pet—pat 4. set—sat

[?:]

What letter or letter group makes [?:]? ear earth nurse skirt her heard hurt firm person

ur
ir

er
or

word

work

[?]

[?]
a e er o or/our

ago
water today

again

address

hundred parent teacher worker policeman

colour

doctor

[ a: ]

Read the words
ar al au a
car far dark

half

palm

laugh aunt basket

[ a: ]

[Λ]

Read the words
u o ou
bus run luck

nothing

love

country young

[Λ]

Phrases
[Λ]

a coming bus
up and up

Compare

1.cut--cart 3.duck—dark

2. luck—lark 4. tough—task

[? :]

Read the words
or pork horse

au
al

daughter because
tall talk door floor

oor
ore

[? :]

more store

Phrases [?:]
a short story more and more

[?]

Read the words
o
a sorry wash dog what copy

[? ]

Phrases [?]
borrow a watch locks and clocks

Compare
1. not—north 3.shot—short 2. fox—forks 4. wok—walk

[ u: ]

Read the words
oo
o mood move boot whose zoo

u
ou

ruler
soup

June
group

Phrases [u: ]
cool the food useful tools

a rude fool

[u]

Read the words
full could took good wood
cook put stood pull foot

Phrases
[u]
push and pull a good book look for the book

[U]
oo oul u cook would put look could July foot should

Practice
? 听下列单词,写出划线部分的音标:

dad-bed cup-cap sheep-ship good-boot dog-door merry-marry birthday-teacher card-but sing-song Japan-Japanese ? 朗读以上单词。

Let’s play a game
1.[ai] [h?v] [?] [pen] .

2.[hi:] [iz] [t ? :l]. 3.[it] [iz] [?] [buk] .

4.[?i:] [iz] [?] [d?kt?] .
5. [ai] [? m] [?] ['t

i:t??] . 6. [s?m] [b?:dz] [ɑ:] ['si?i?] .

A sheep is not a ship! A ship is not a sheep!

The worker has a bird.
Father and mother, mother and father, they give me a hug(拥抱)! A dog is behind the door.
Oh, you look so cool!

(B) 双元音 (8个): a. / e? /, / a? /, / ?? /,
b. / ?? /, / a? /, c. / ?? /, / e? /, / ?? /

/ e? / / a? / / ?? / / ?? / / a? / / ?? / / e? / / ?? /

case date day play great like white night my hi toy noise soil snow know boat old no sofa out sound now tower really year deer beer here hair bear dare fair poor sure tour lure

Practice
? 读下列单词,写出划线部分的音标:

go take boy hello sure bear

dear those found life hour violin Australia show

Practice
? 听下列单词,找出划线部分发音不同

的选项(每个单词读两遍): 1. A. cut B. come C. does D. box 2. A. video B. hide C. five D. nine 3. A. coat B. home C. dollar D. also 4. A. each B. English C. eighteen D. evening

双元音
Double Vowels (8)

[ei]

Read the words
face same game play waste
hate late hay complain famous

[ai]

Read the words
I life quiet mind price night
die shy white lie high

Tongue twister
1.Mike likes to write by the bright light
at night. 2.Some people laugh, some people cry;

some give up and some still try;
some will say hi when some say bye;

some will forget you but will never I!

[?u]

Read the words
road coat goat boat load cold smoke go home hope

[au]

Read the words
how about shout cow loud mouse ground hour crown mouth

[i?]

Read the words
beer deer pioneer peer ear hear near fear clear tear appear

here mere

[u? ]

Read the words
sure poor unsure moor tour

Tongue Twister
Sure sure sure, Poor poor poor, I’m sure you know I’m poor, So I can’t go to make a tour.

[?i]

Read the words
Boys and girls, please pay attention to “ oy ”!

boy toy joy soy annoying employ

Read the words
Now please pay attention to “ oi ”! oil soil boil coin point noise

[??]

Read the words dare care share bare rare hair flair fair stair repair pear wear

where

Tongue Twister
The pear tree bears a pear,
Under the pear There’s a baby bear,

The baby bear plays a pear.


网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com