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7-9年级英语知识点

发布时间:2013-09-17 17:11:13  

云峰初中七年级(上)英语知识点

一、

二、 五个元音字母:Aa Ee Ii Oo Uu 缩略词

HB[(铅笔芯)硬黑] CD(光盘) BBC(英国广播公司) P(停车区)

NBA(美国全国篮球协会) kg(千克) S(尤指衣物的尺寸 小号)

M(尤指衣物的尺寸 中号) L(尤指衣物的尺寸 大号) UFO(不明飞行物)

CCTV(中国中央电视台) UN(联合国) TV(电视、电视机)

三、缩写词与完全形式

①I‘m = I am(我是) ②what‘s = what is(是什么) ③it‘s = it is(它是)

④that‘s = that is(那是) ⑤name‘s = name is(名字是) ⑥he‘s = he is(他是) ⑦where‘s = where is(在哪里) ⑧ isn‘t = is not(不是) ⑨don‘t = do not(不,用于动词前面) ⑩doesn‘t = does not(不,用于动词前面) can‘t = can not(不能,不会) they‘re =they are(他们是) let‘s =let us(让我们,后接动词原形) (注意:this is没有缩写形式。)

Starter Unit 1~Unit 2

一、 短语

1. first name(名字) 2. last name(姓氏) 3. family name(姓氏) 4. telephone number(电话号码)

5. phone number(电话号码) 6. pencil case(铅笔盒;文具盒) 7. pencil sharpener(卷笔刀;铅笔刀) 8. excuse me(请原谅;打扰一下) 9. computer game(电子游戏) 10. call sb at+电话号码(拨打……号码找某人)

11.lost and found(失物招领) 12. in the lost and found case(在失物招领处,在失物招领箱里) 13. ID card(身份证) 14. school ID card(学生证) 15. a set of(一套;一副) 16. in English(用英语) 17. what color(什么颜色)

二、句子

1.Good morning﹗(早上好! 或 上午好!)

2.Good afternoon﹗(下午好!)

3.Good evening﹗(晚上好!)

4.—How are you?(你好吗?)

-- I‘m fine (I‘m OK), thanks.(我好,谢谢。)

5.--How do you do!(你好!用于第一次见面。)

-- How do you do!(你好!)

6.--Nice to meet you!(很高兴见到你!用于第一次见面时,经介绍后说的客套话。)

--Nice to meet you, too.(我也很高兴见到你!)

7.--What‘s this in English? (这个用英语怎么说?)

--It‘s an apple. (It‘s a map.) (它是一个苹果。 它是一张地图。)

a与an的选择:取决于其后面单词读音的第一个音标。如果是元音音标,用an;如果是辅音音标,则用a. 例如: an egg an orange an apple a red apple a ruler a jecket

8.How do you spell it?(你怎样拼写它?)==Spell it,please.(请拼写它。)

9.--What‘s your name?(你叫什么名字?)

--My name‘s Jenny. (I‘m Jenny.) (我的名字叫Jenny 我叫Jenny)

10.--What‘s your telephone number?(你的电话号码是多少?)

--It‘s 281—9176. (是281—9176.)

11.--What‘s your family name? (你姓什么?)

--My family name is…(我姓……。)

12.--What‘s your first name? (你叫什么名?)

--My first name is…(我名叫……。)

13.—Is this your pencil? (这是你的铅笔吗?)

--Yse, it is. (No, it isn‘t.) (是的,它是。 不,它不是。)

含be(am, is, are)动词,情态动词can…的句子变成一般疑问句时,只需要把be动词或情态动词can…提到句首。回答一般疑问句时,用Yes或No例如:

①They are my friends.(他们是我的朋友。)

--Are they your friends? (他们是你的朋友吗?)

--Yes, they are. (No, they‘er not.) (是的,他们是。 不,他们不是。)

②He can help your brother. (他能帮助你的弟弟。)

--Can he help your brother?(他能帮助你的弟弟吗?)

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--Yes, he can. (No, he can‘t.) (是的,他能。 不,他不能。)

14.Call Alan at 495—3539.(请拨打495—3539找Alan。)

call的用法: ①call+某人 ②call+电话号码 ③call+某人+电话号码

15.把含be(am, is, are)动词,情态动词can…的句子变成否定句时,只需要在be动词或情态动词can…后面加上not。 如:It is my dictionary.(它是我的字典。)

It isn‘t my dictionary.(它不是我的字典。)

They are not my friends.(他们不是我的朋友。)

He can not help your brother.(他不能帮组你的弟弟。)

Units 3~4

一、短语

1. thanks for…= thank you for…(因为……而谢谢你) 2. math book(数学书) 3. video tape(录像带)

4.alarm clock(闹钟) 5. take…to…(把…带到…,或把…带给…) 6. bring…to…(把……带来到……) 7. on the floor(在地上) 8. on the sofa(在沙发上) 9. in the backpack(在双肩背包里) 10. under the table(在桌子下面)

二、句子

1. ①This is my friend.(单数句) These are my friends. (复数句)

②That is my brother.(单数句) Those are my brothers.(复数句)

be动词(am, is, are)的选择:

我(I)用am; 你(you)用are; is用于他(he)、她(she)、它(it);

单数一律用is;复数一律都用are. 例如:

①I ______ a Chinese girl. ②You _______ a boy.

③She ______ my sister. ④They _______ my sisters.

⑤This ______ my father. ⑥Those _______ my parents. (谢谢你送给我你的全家福相片。)

(your family photo) (这是我的全家福。)

(a photo of my family).

3.①Look!This is my father. (瞧!这是我的爸爸。)

② Please look at this picture. (请看这张图片。)

look与look at:

look的意思是“看,瞧” ,强调看的动作; look at后面要紧跟看的内容。

4.①--Where‘s my baseball? (我的棒球在哪里?)

--It‘s in the backpack .(它在双肩背包里。)

②-- Where are his keys?(他的钥匙在哪里?)

--They‘are on the dresser.(在梳妆台上。)

当我们询问某物品的位置时,常用到句型Where’s…? 或Where are…?

5.① The hat is on the dresser. (帽子在梳妆台上。)

②The keys are in the drawer.(钥匙在抽屉里。)

表示某物品在某一位置时,常在方位介词前面加be动词。

6. take与bring:

take ―拿走,带到‖ ,是指把某物或某人从说话人所在的地方带到别处。

bring―拿来,带来‖ ,是指把某物或某人从别处带到说话人所在的地方。

take与bring是一对反义词,他们都常与介词to搭配。 例如:

①Mom, please bring a sweater to me.(妈妈,请给我带一件毛衣来。)

②Please take these things to your sister. (请把这些东西带给你的姐姐。)

Unit 5 Do you have a soccer ball?

一、 短语

soccer ball(英式足球) tennis racket (网球拍) ping-pong bat(乒乓球拍) computer game(电子游戏) play ping-pong(打乒乓球) play tennis(打网球) play soccer(踢足球) play baseball(打棒球) play volleyball(打排球) play basketball(打篮球) play computer games(玩电子游戏) play sports(做运动) sports club(运动俱乐部) sports collection(运动收藏品) watch TV (看电视)

watch…on TV[在电视上看……(节目)] every day(每一天)

everyday(每天的,日常的) and more(等等)

二、 单词和句子

1.have和has:都表示某人拥有什么东西。has是have的第三人称单数形式,当主语是第三人称单数时,谓语动词要 - 2 -

用has,其它情况都用have。例如:

①I have a set of keys. ②You have a dictionary. ③They have a computer. ④He has a backpack.

⑤My brother has a pencil sharpener.

2.没有be动词、情态动词的句子变成否定句或疑问句时,要借助动词do或does.

例如:

(1) ①I have a baseball. (2) ① He has a soccer ball.

②I don‘t have a baseball. ②He doesn‘t have a soccer ball.

③Do you have a baseball? ③ Does he have a soccer ball?

Yes, I do. (No, I don‘t.) Yes, he does. (No, he doesn‘t.)

3. let‘s + 动词原形 (我们去干某事吧。)用于提出建议或征求对方意见。例如: Let‘s play soccer.(我们去踢足

球吧。)

4. ①That sounds good. ②That sounds interesting.(主语that为第三人称单数,所以动词用第三人称单数形式sounds.)

5.We have many sports clubs.(我们有许多运动俱乐部。)

sport作各种运动项目讲时,为可数名词。位于名词前作定语时,要用复数形式。例如:sports collection(运动收藏品) sports meeting(运动会)

ports clothes(运动服)

6. Ed Smith a great sports collection.(Ed Smith有一个很棒的运动收藏品)

7. Sonia Hall(a是针对collection而言的)

6. But he

7. Shesports every day.

8.watch与look

(1) watch多用于看电视节目、比赛、观察事件等。

(2) look的意思是―看,瞧‖ ,强调看的动作,可单独使用;look后面接宾语时,常与介词at连用。例如:

① Look! Your pen is here. ② Please look at the picture.

Unit 6 Do you like bananas? (知识点)

一、单词

1.broccoli是一个不可数名词,不可数名词没有复数形式。 2. ice cream; salad常用作不可数名词。

3. chicken:①作为小鸡的意思讲时,是可数名词; ②作为鸡肉时,是不可数名词。

4. tomoto(单数)---tomatoes(复数) 5.strawberry(单数)---strawberries(复数)

二、短语

French fries(油炸薯条) ice cream(冰淇淋) have breakfast(吃早餐)

have lunch(吃午餐) have dinner(吃晚餐) eat well(吃得好)

running star(赛跑明星) lots of=a lot of(大量;许多) healthy food(健康食物)

三、句子

1.① I like oranges.(我喜欢桔子。)

I don‘t like oranges.(否定句:―我不喜欢桔子。‖ )

--Do you like oranges?(一般疑问句:―你喜欢桔子吗?‖ )

--Yes, I do. (No, I don‘t.) 【是的,我喜欢。 不,我不喜欢。】

②They like salad. (他们喜欢沙拉。)

They don‘t like saiad.(否定句:―他们不喜欢沙拉。‖ )

--Do they like salad?(一般疑问句:―他们喜欢沙拉吗?‖)

--Yes, they do. (No, they don‘t) 【是的,他们喜欢。 不,他们不喜欢。】

③She likes bananas. (她喜欢香蕉。)

She doesn‘t like bananas.(否定句:―她不喜欢香蕉。‖ )

--Does she lke bananas?(一般疑问句:―她喜欢香蕉吗?‖ )

--Yes, she does. (No, she doesn‘t.) 【是的,她喜欢。 不,她不喜欢。】

(1) 含有be动词的句子,变成否定句时,在be动词后面加not;变成一般疑问句时,把be动词提到句首;

(2) 含有情态动词can…的句子,变成否定句时,在情态动词can…后面加not;变成一般疑问句时,把情态动词can…

提到句首;

(3) 没有be动词,没有情态动词的句子,变成否定句或一般疑问句时,要借用助动词do或does . (赛跑明星Sandra Clark吃大量的健康食物。)

注意:当主语为第三人称单数形式时,后面的动词要加上-s 或 –es. (她喜欢鸡蛋,香蕉和苹果作为早餐。)

(这里的介词for的意思是―当作,作为‖。哪一餐,某人喜欢吃什么,要在三餐前面加介词for .)

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例如:I like milk(牛奶)and eggs for breakfast. (早餐,我喜欢吃牛奶和鸡蛋。)

4.当要表达喜欢做某事时,不能在后like面直接跟动词原形,要用结构

like to do或like doing . 例如:

① I like playing basketball.(我喜欢打篮球。)

② He likes watching TV.(他喜欢看电视。)

③ I like to play soccer today(今天,他喜欢踢足球。).

Units 7~8

一、 短语

1.how much (多少钱、多少) 2. have a look(看一看) 3. on sale(廉价出售,出售) 4. for yourself(为你自己) 5. boys and girls(男生、女生们) 6. Happy Birthday!(生日快乐!) 7. how old(多少岁)

8. basketball game(篮球比赛)9. volleyball game(排球比赛) 10. School Day(上学的日子) 11.Art Festival(艺术节) 12. …year(s) old (……岁) 13.date of birth(出生日期) 14.speech contest(演讲比赛)

15. school trip(学校旅游) 16. birthday party(生日聚会)

二、句子

1.当我们询问某物品的价格时,常用到句型 How much is…? ;

How much are…?

①--How much is this blue skirt?(这条蓝色的裙子多少钱?)

--It‘s seven dollars.(7美元。)

② -- How much are these black pants?(这些黑色的裤子多少钱?)

-- They‘re ten dollars.(10美元。)

③--What‘s the price of the green sweater?(这件绿色的毛衣多少钱?)

--Twenty—five yuan.(25元。)

2. Can I help you? == What can I do for you?(我能帮助你吗?)

3. Here you are.(给你。)

4. I‘ll take it.(我要买下它。) 这是选好商品并决定购买时的常用语。

I‘ll= I will(将要),这里的take―买‖相当于buy, I‘ll have it.也表示同样的意思。

5.We have sweaters at a very good price—only ¥25﹗(我们有价格令人满意的毛衣,仅25元。) at 与价格连用,表示以……的价格。 运动包,相当于sports bags.)? ¥12﹗ (我们有仅卖12元钱的极好的包。)

for与具体的价格连用,表示一种等值关系。 —¥18﹗

(介词,对于) (介词,表示一种等值关系)

颜色作为后置定语时,要在颜色词前面加介词in. 例如:

a yellow sweater = a sweater in yellow(一件黄色的毛衣)

a green jacket = a jacket in green(一件绿色的夹克衫。)

9. Come and see for yourself at Huaxing Clothes Store﹗(亲自到华兴服装店来看一看吧。)

10. Have a look at Zig Zag‘s Clothes Store.(看一看Zig Zag服装店吧。)

11. The yellow shorts are also $30. == The yellow shorts are $30, too.(这条黄色的短裤也是30美元。)

在英语中,also和too都有―也‖的意思,并且都用于肯定句。①too常用于句末,且在前面常用逗号隔开;②also常用于be动词、情态动词can…的后面,实义动词的前面。如:

(1)He can also play volleyball.

== He can play volleyball, too.(他也会打篮球。)

(2)I also like apples.== I like apples, too.(我也喜欢苹果。)

12. The green shorts are on sale for $25﹗ (绿色短裤廉价销售,只卖25美元.)

某物品廉价出售:sth be on sale 例如:

This quilt is on sale for only ¥30﹗(这床被子廉价销售,只卖30元。)

13.①--When is your birthday? (你的生日是什么时候?)

--My birthday is November 11th. (我的生日是11月11日。)

② -- When is Liu Ping‘s birthday?(刘平的生日是什么时候?)

--Her birthday is September 5th.(她的生日是9月5日。)

14. ①--How old are you? (你多少岁了?)

--I‘m (我15岁了。)

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② --How old _____ she?(她多少岁了?)

--She is thirteen .(她13了。)

Units 9~10

一、 短语

1.want to do…(想要做某事) 2.go to a movie(去看电影) 3. action movie(动作片) 4. Beijing Opera(京剧)

5. what kind of (哪种) 6. a kind of(一种)

7.do sth with sb(和某人一起做某事) 8. play chess(下象棋) 9.play the guitar(弹吉他) 10. play the piano(弹钢琴)

11. play the drums(打鼓) 12. play the trumpet(吹喇叭)

13.play the violin(拉小提琴) 14.swimming club(游泳俱乐部)15.speak English(说英语) 16. help sb with sth(在某方面帮组某人)17. be good with sb(对某人好)18. a little(一点)

二、句子

1. I want to see a comedy.(我想看一部喜剧片。)

想做…… want to do sth

例如: I ___________ buy a dictionary. (我想买一本字典。)

2.①--Do you want to go to a movie? (你想去看电影吗?)

--Yes, I do. ( NO, I don‘t .) 【是的,我想。 不,我不想。】

② --Does she want to go to a movie? (她想去看电影吗?)

--Yes, she does. ( No, she doesn‘t .) 【是的,她想。 不,她不想。】

3. What kind of movies do you like?(你喜欢哪种电影?) (她认为她能够了解中国历史。)

5.① She often goes to see Beijing Opera with her father.(她经常和她爸爸一起去看京剧。) do sth with sb 与某人一起做某事

②I often go to movies with my friend, Mike.(我经常和我的朋友一起去看电影。)

6.① She thinks documentaries are boring.(她认为纪录片无聊。)

She doesn‘t think documentaries are boring. 【否定句: (她认为纪录片不无聊。)】

含有的think句子变成否定句时。否定词not需前移到的think前面。

② I think it‘s boring.(我认为它无聊。)

I don‘t think it‘s boring. 【否定句: (我认为它不无聊。) 】

7.① --Can you dance? (你会跳舞吗?)

--Yes, I can. ( No, I can‘t. ) 【是的,我会。 不,我不会。】

② --Can she speak English? (她会讲英语吗?)

--Yes, she can. ( No, she can‘t. ) 【是的,她会。 不,她不会。】

8. Tom can play the guitar but he can‘t play it well. (她会弹吉他,但是,他弹不好。) 修饰动词,表示什么事情做得好,要用well,而不能用good .

eat well(吃得好) play basketball well(打篮球打得好)

9. Can you help kids with swimming? (你可以帮助小孩游泳吗?)

在哪方面帮助某人:help sb with sth

例如: I can help you with your English.(我能帮助你学英语。)

10.-- Can you play the piano?(你会弹吉他吗?)

--No, I can‘t. (不,我不会。)

注意: play the+乐器名词; play + 球类名词 (我们的乐队需要两名优秀的音乐家。)

12. Thanks a lot. == Thank you very much.(非常感谢你。)

Units 11~12

一、 短语

1. what time 2. go to school 3. get up 4. eat breakfast 5. take a shower

6. go to work 7. get to 8. go to bed

9. do homework 10. go home 11. in the morning

12.in the afternoon 13. in the evening 14. best wishes 15. TV show

二、句子

1.① --What time do you get up? ②-- What time does she go to school?

-- I get up at six o‘clock. --She goes to school at eight o‘clock.

在英语中,表示在什么时候的―在‖用介词in, on, at.

① 在大的时间范围,如:在某年、某月,用介词in;

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例如:in march; in 2006

②在具体的某一天,用介词on; 例如:on January 2nd ; on Monday

③在具体时间:几点、几分,用介词at.

2. What a funny time to eat breakfast﹗ (吃早餐的时间多么有趣啊﹗)

what在这里不是疑问词―什么‖ ,而是副词―多么‖ ,用于感叹句,表示喜怒哀乐等强烈感情的句子。当感叹部分的中心词为名词时,用what引导;当感叹部分的中心词为形容词或副词,用how引导。例如:

How funny a time to eat breakfast﹗

What a clever boy ( he is ) ﹗ How clever he is﹗ 介词:为了 介词:到

4. --What time is it? --It‘s eight—thirty.

5. Thanks for your letter.

6. --What‘s your favorite subject? --My favorite subject is math.

7.①-- Why do you like math? ② --Why does he like art?

--Because it‘s interesting. --Because it‘s fun.

8.-- Who is your science teacher?

--My science teacher is Mr Wang.

for后面接时间段,表示时间长达多久。

10. Our teacher is very strict and I‘m usually very tired after class.

strict 严格的;严厉的。

对某人严格:用be strict with sb; 对谋事严格:用be strict in sth . 例如:

① Our teachers are strict with us. ② Mr Wang is strict in his work.

云峰初中七年级(下)英语知识点

Unit 1 Where’s your pen pal from?

一、短语

①be from… (来自于……) ②come from…(从……来) ③live in… (住在……)

④go to the movies(去看电影) ⑤play sports(做运动) ⑥a little(一点点,少量的)

⑦my favorite subject (我最喜欢的科目) ⑧write to sb (给某人写信)

二、句子

1.She‘s from Japan. She comes from Japan.

She isn‘t from Japan. She doesn‘t come from Japan.

Is she from Japan? Does she come from Japan?

2.--Where does he live? --He lives in Tokyo.

(live意为居住,是不及物动词,住在某处不能在live后面直接加地名,

要用line in +地名) 例如:I live in Chengdu, China.

3

--She speaks English.

4(连接否定句、疑问句中的并列成分用or;连接肯定句中的并列成分用_______.)

5(用英语写地点,要从小写到大。如:Beijing, China.)

6.I‘m 14 years old and my birthday is {14 years old(14岁);14—year—old(14岁的) }

7.I can speak English and a little French. 我会说英语和一点法语。

a little与little都用来修饰不可数名词。但a little表示肯定:一点;

而little表示否定:几乎没有。 例如:

①I can speak little French. 我几乎不会说法语。

②There is a little water in the cup.(杯子里有点水。)

③There is little water in the cup.(杯子里几乎没有水。)

8.I like going to the movies with my friends and playing sports.

going to the movies 和playing sports是并列成分,用and连接,作like的宾语。

喜欢做什么:①like doing着重于―爱好,习惯‖,

②like to do表示―(偶然)喜欢做某事‖,着重于某次具体的行为。

Unit 2 Where’s the post office?

一、 短语

①post office(邮局) ②pay phone(公用电话) ③on the street(在街上)

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④on Center Street(在中心街上) ⑤across from…(在……的对面)

⑥ next to…(在……的隔壁) ⑦between… and…(在……和……之间)

⑧in front of…(在……前面) ⑨in the front of…(在……的前部)

⑩in the neighborhood(在附近) go straight(直走)

turn left==turn to the left(向左转) turn right==turn to the right(向右转)

on the left(在左边) on the right(在右边)

on your right(在你的右边) welcome to…(欢迎到……来)

take a walk(散步) the beginning of…(……的开始)

have fun==have a good time(玩得高兴) arrive in+大地点 arrive at+小地方 the way to…(到……去的路) take a taxi(乘出租车) have a good trip(旅途愉快)

二、句子

1. --Is there a bank near here? --Yes, there is. It‘s on Center street.

there be(有)与 have(有)的区别

(1)there be句型强调存在,表示某个地方有某人或某物;

(2)have强调拥有。

①there is用于单数或不可数名词; ②there are用于复数名词;

③there be后面如果有两个或两个以上的主语,它常和最接近它的那个主语取得一致

(就近原则)。如: There is a bed and two chairs in my room.

There are two chairs and a bed in my room.

2. Next to the hotel is a small house with an interesting garden.(紧挨着旅馆是一所带有一个有趣的花园的房子。) 介词,此处为―带有、具有‖之意,表示一种伴随状况。如:

① There is a house with six rooms here. (这儿有一套带有六个房间的房子。)

② He wears a coat with four pockets. (他穿着一件有四个口袋的大衣。) (来参观大桥街。)

不定式短语表目的 不定式短语作定语,修饰、限制前面的place.

不定式短语作定语,修饰、限制前面的time.

5.I know you are arriving next Sunday.我知道你下个星期天要来。

are arriving―就要到达‖,用进行时表示将来发生的动作。

arrive为不及物动词,后面不能直接跟地点名词,需接in或at后才能加地点名词。如:

arrive at Yunfeng arrive at our school

let sb do sth 让某人做某事 如:Let him do it.(让他做吧。)

the way to… (去……的路) 如: the way to the hotel (去旅馆的路)

(当……的时候)

have a good time(玩得高兴、过得愉快)

Unit 3 Why do you like koalas?

一、 单词

grass(不可数名词) meat(不可数名词) leaf---leaves(复数)

二、短语

①kind of (有点) ②a kind of(一种) ③what kind of (哪种)

④all kinds of(各种各样) ⑤many kinds of(许多种) ⑥at night(在晚上)

⑦be friendly to sb(对某人友好) ⑧be friendly with sb(和某人友好)

⑨why not do sth (为什么不做某事) ⑩in a friendly way(以友好的方式)

三、句子

1. Let‘s see the pandas first.(我们先看熊猫吧) let‘s后面接动词原形,表示提出建议: 让我们去干……吧。

2.--What other animals do you like? (你还喜欢别的什么动物?)

-- I like dogs, too. (我也喜欢狗。)

[other形容词:别的、其他的; 当要表示两者中的一个和另一个时,用one …… the other.]

她十二岁了。)

(她是一个十二岁的女孩。) five years old (五岁)five—year—old.(五岁的) - 7 -

4. Please be very quiet.(请保持安静。)这是一个祈使句,祈使句是表示命令、请求的句子。一般以动词原形开头,祈使句的否定句是在动词原形前面加Don‘t. 如:

①Take a taxi from the airport. ②Do your homework after school.

③Don‘t be late for class. ④Don‘t eat in class.

5. Isn‘t he cute? (难道他不可爱吗?) 这是一个否定式的疑问句,相当于反问句,具有肯定意思。回答用:Yes, he is .(不,它可爱。) 或No, he isn‘t.(是的,他不可爱。)

-- Don‘t you know him?(难道你不认识他吗?) -- Yes, I do.(不,我认识。)

Unit 4 I want to be an actor.

一、单词

teacher worker singer dancer writer reader reporter

cleaner runner actor doctor

policeman—policemen policewoman—policewomen

thief—thieves leaf—leaves story—stories money

二、短语

want to be…(想当,想成为……) shop assistant(售货员) bank clerk(银行职员)

give sb sth == give sth to sb(把什么给某人) get sth from sb(从某人那里得到什么)

in the day (在白天) at night (在晚上) help sb with sth (在某方面帮助某人)

help sb (to) do sth(帮助某人做某事) talk to sb(与某人交谈,其中一方占主动)

talk with sb(和某人谈话) go out(出去) go out to dinner(出去吃晚餐)

work late (工作到很晚) work hard(努力工作)

write stories(写故事) tell stories(讲故事)

三、句子:

1、I want to be an actor. She wants to be a policeman.

2、What do you do ?(你是干什么的,这)

What are you ? What?s your job ? What do you want to be ? What does she want to be ?

3、Where does your sister work ? She works in a hospital.

in a hospital 在一家医院里 in hospital 在住院 She?s in hospital.

4、(不定式短语作定语)

5、 people 、police 是集体名词。

6、。 wear(穿着、戴着)

He often helps me with my English.他经常帮我(学)英语

help sb. (to)do sth. I often help my mother (to)do some housework.

Unit 5 I’m watching TV.

一、单词: swimming shopping running getting putting beginning

二、短语: thanks for at home wait for talk about(谈论)

三、句子:

1、 I‘m watching TV. 我正在看电视。 (本句用的是现在进行时态:表示在(说话瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作,强调动作发生的时间是―此时此刻‖常用的时间状语是now,以及提示词look、listen等。现在进行时是由助动词 be(am/is/are)+ 动词的现在分词(即动词—ing)构成。)

I‘m doing my homework. You are reading a book. She is cleaning her room.

2、What are you doing ? I‘m watching TV.

看电视、比赛用watch 。 读书、看报用read。

Thanks for your letter and the photos.

Thanks for… 是固定结构,意思是―因…而感谢‖ for介词后跟名词或动名词(doing)

Thanks for helping me.

My grandfather is reading the newspaper.

3、Is Nancy doing her homework ?

do homework 或 do one‘s homework. 都可表示―做作业‖

I usually do my homework at home.

4、What‘s he waiting for ?

wait for 等待 宾语为句首的what .

Wait for me. Please.

5、In the last photo,I‘m with my sister Gina. with 在句中作介词,意为―和…在一起‖

Unit 6 It’s raining !(下雨了)

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一、单词: lie(平卧;躺)—lying(现在分词) scarf—scarfs或scarves(复数)

二、短语: ①look for(寻找) ②talk about(谈论) ③in order to… (为了……)

三、句子

1.询问天气怎样:

(1) How‘s the weather … ?

(2) What‘s the weather like … ?

It‘s fine / sunny / rainy / cloudy / windy / snowy.(天气晴朗/阳光明媚/有雨/多云/有风/有雪……)

It‘s warm / hot / cool / cold… (天暖和/天热/天凉/天冷……)

如:——How‘s the weather in Bei jing ?

——It‘s sunny.

2.? 一切好吗?情况如何?(动词 go 在此处不表示―去、走‖,而表示进行、进展。)

How‘s …

①How‘s your family?(家人都好吗?) ②How‘s your study?(你的学习情况如何?)

3.Thank you for joining CCTV‘s Around The world show.

感谢你收看中央电视台的世界各地节目。

thank you for doing 谢谢你做了什么? 如:Thank you for helping me ?

4. Everyone is having a good time.

everyone . 人人、每人,作主语时,谓语动词要用单数。 Everyone is here.

In order to improve my English,I read it for one hour every morning.

Unit 7 What does he look like ?

一、短语

1.look like … 看起来像…… (He looks like his mother.) 2.medium height (中等高度) 3.medium build(中等体形)

4.be popular with…(深受……的欢迎) 5.good---looking(漂亮的) 6.a little bit(一点儿,少许; 后接形容词)

7.tell jokes(讲笑话) 8.tell stories(讲故事) 9.stop doing sth (停止正在做的事情)

10.stop to do sth(停下正在做的事来做另一件事) 11.remember to do sth(记住去做什么) 12.remember doing

sth(记得做过什么) 13.not… any more (不再) 14.not… at all(根本不,全然不) 15.in Class Five(在五班)

16.wear glasses (戴眼镜) 17.the captain of …(……的队长)

18.go shopping(去购物) 19.go swimming(去游泳)

二、句子

1.—What does your friend look like?

--She is of medium build, and she has long hair.

询问某人的外貌特征:What do / does sb look like?

当用medium build ; medium height来形容一个人时,常在前面加上of. 如:

This person is of medium height.

2.—I think I know her. She always wears a red skirt and white shoes.

--Yes, that‘salways ; never ; often ; usually 等词在句中常位于be动词的后面,行为动词的前面。

①She is never late for school.(她上学从不迟到。)

②She never stops talking.(她老是说个不停。)

3.Wang Lin is the captain of the basketball team.(王林是篮球队的队长。)

4.Xu Qian loves to tell jokes.(许倩爱讲笑话。)

love to do sth ; love doing sth ; like to do sth ; like doing sth 都表示喜欢做什么。 5.(注意形容词的顺序) 6.7.Do you remember Johnny Dean, the pop singer with funny glasses and long curly hair?

(你还记得,那个戴着滑稽眼镜,留着长长的卷发的流行歌手吗?)

8.He doesn‘t wear glasses any more .(他不再戴着眼镜。)

She isn‘t late for school. (她上学不再迟到。)

9.I don‘t think he‘s so great.(我认为他并不是如此潇洒。)

10.I can go shopping, and nobody knows me.(我可以去购物,并且没有人认识我。)

nobody, everyone作为主语时,谓语动词用第三人称单数形式。

Unit 8 I’d like some noodles.

一、单词 不可数名词:

beef (牛肉) mutton(羊肉) chicken(鸡肉) fish (鱼肉) juice(果汁饮料)

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porridge(粥、糊) tea(茶) rice (米饭) soup(汤) cabbage (常用作不可数名词)

二、短语

would like(想要) what kind of (那种) what size(多大)

House of Dumplings相当于 Dumpling House (饺子馆)

Dessert House 相当于House of Dessert(甜食屋)

三、句子: would like 与want

would like―想要、愿意‖,相当于want ,但比want语气委婉。would like 中的would是一个情态动词,无人称和单复数形式的变化。它常与前面的主语缩写为 ‘d . 如:

I would--I‘d you would--you‘d he would--he‘d they would--they‘d

(1) would like 有以下三种用法:

①would like sth (想要某物) 如:They‘d like some hamburgers.

②would like to do sth (想要做什么) I‘d like to go with you.

③would like sb to do sth(想要某人做什么) I‘d like her to meet you.(我想让她来接你。)

(2)与would like有关的其他句型。

①Would you like sth? (你想要某东西吗?)

肯定回答为:Yes, please . 否定回答为:No, thanks . 如:

--Would you like some bananas?

--Yes, please.

②Would you like to do sth?(你愿意干某事吗?)

肯定回答为:Yes, I‘d like to . 否定回答为:Sorry. 如:

--Would you like to go swimming with us?

--Yes, I‘d like to.

1.—What size bowl of noodles would he like?

--He‘d like a small bowl of noodle.

what size 多大尺寸,什么号码的。询问别人想要多大的东西时,常用 what size + 名词。

--What size shoes would you like?

--I‘d like size 8 shoes. (我想要8号的鞋子。)

2.①I like dumplings, fish and orange juice.

②I don‘t like onions, green tea or porridge.

连接肯定句中的并列成分用and ;连接否定句或疑问句中的并列成分用or 。如:

Tom doesn‘t like to play soccer or basketball.

He has no dog or family.

当所连接的两个词前都有否定词时,则用and ,不用or连接。 如:

He has no dog and no family.

3.Special 1 has beef and onion, and is just 10 RMB for 15 dumplings. (特色1有牛肉和洋葱,15个水饺仅人民币10元。) for 与具体的价格连用,表示一种等值关系。

We have great bags for only ¥12 !(我们有只卖12元的积好的包。)

Unit 9 How was your weekend?

一、单词 (动词的现在式与过去式)

am / is—was are—were do—did go—went have—had spend—spent

see—saw write—wrote sit—sat come—came begin—began

bring—brought buy—bought eat—ate get—got give—gave

know—knew make—made put—put run—ran

say—said stand—stood take—took teach—taught tell—told

二、短语

What about…== How about… (……怎么样?) stay at home(呆在家里)

study for the math test(为数学考试而学习) do some reading (阅读) do some writing(写作) practice English(练习英语) practice doing sth(练习作什么) have a party(举行聚会) middle school(中学) talk show(访谈节目)

go for a walk(去散步) take a walk(散步)

三、句子

1.—How was your weekend?

--It was great! (It wasn‘t very good!)

2.—What did you do last weekend, Lucy?

--Well, on Saturday morning, I played tennis.

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3.What about your friend, Carol? (你的朋友Carol怎么样呢?)

What about…?==How about…? (……怎么样?后面常接代词,名词或动名词。)如:①What about you? (你呢?) ②What about this book? (这本书怎么样?)

③How about going to the beaches on vacation? (去海滩度假怎么样?)

4.How did kids spend the weekend? (孩子们怎么度过周末的?)

spend 度过;花费,常与介词in或on搭配使用。

①spend some time in doing sth 花费多少时间做某事。其中的in可以省略。如:

I spend one hour in reading English every morning. (我每天早上都要话一个小时读英语。)

②spend some time / some money on sth 花费时间或金钱在某事或某物上,介词on 不能省略。如:

I spent ten yuan on the book..(我花了10元钱在这本书上。)

5.

宾语从句用称述句的语序

如:What is this? Can you tell me what this is?(你能告诉我这是什么吗?)

6.I had a busy weekend. (我过了一个繁忙的周末。)

busy 形容词:繁忙的;忙碌的。

be busy doing sth 或 be busy with sth都表示忙着做什么。如:

She is busy doing her homework.(她正忙着做作业。)

She is busy with her homework. (她正忙着做作业。)

7.(你认为每个人周末都过得好吗?)

宾语从句用称述句的语序

Everyone作为作为主语时,谓语动词用第三人称单数形式。

8.He sat down and watched Wang Wang play with a friendly black cat.(他坐下来看着汪汪和一只友好的黑猫玩耍。) watch(观看),see,hear,feel,find这一类词叫感官动词。 常用用法为:

感官动词 +sb do sth / doing sth. do sth强调过程。doing sth强调动作正在进行。如:

I often see them play soccer.(我经常看见他们踢足球。)

I see them playing soccer.(我看见他们正在踢足球。)

I hear him read English in the morning.(我听见他早上读英语。)

I hear him reading English now.(我听见他正在读英语。)

I found a small boy crying in the corner.(我发现一个小男孩正在角落里哭。)

9.Then it was time to go home.(然而该回家了。)

It is / was time to do sth 或It is / was for sth都表示该做什么了。如:

It‘s time to go to bed.(该上床睡觉了。)

It‘s time to have a class.(该上课了。) It‘s time for class.(该上课了。)

Unit 10 Where did you go on vacation?

一、短语

stay at home(呆在家里) go to the mountains(去山区) have fun doing sth (做某事有乐趣) help sb (to ) do sth(帮助某人做什么) make sb do sth(使某人做什么) have money for sth(有钱做什么) decide to do sth (决定做什么)

the Great Wall(长城) the Palace Museum(故宫)

the Summer Palace(颐和园) Tian‘an Men Square.(天安门广场)

二、句子

1.We had fun playing in the water .(我们在水里玩得十分高兴。)

have fun doing sth做某事有乐趣 如:

We have fun learning and speaking English.(我们学说英语很有乐趣。)

They had fun fishing in the lake last Sunday.(上个星期天,他们在湖中钓鱼很有乐趣。)

2.He was lost and I helped him find his father.(他走丢了,我帮他找到了他的他爸爸。)

help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事. 其中to可以省略。 如:

He helps me study English.(他帮助我学英语。)

We helped the farmers to pick apples last October.(去年10月份,我们帮助农民摘苹果。)

help sb with sth在某方面帮助某人 He helps me with English.(他帮助我学英语。)

3.That made me feel very happy.这使我感到非常快乐。

make sb do sth 使某人做什么。 如:

Her stepmother often makes the little girl do all the housework. 继母常常让这个小女孩做所有的家务活。

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4.I didn‘t have any money for a taxi, so I walked back to the hotel.(我没有钱打的,因此我步行回到了旅馆。) have money for sth 有钱做某事,也可以写成 have money to do sth 如:

We don‘t have enough money for a car and house.(我们没有足够的钱买车和房。)

walk to +地点名词 == go to地点名词on foot

I walked back to the hotel.==I went back to the hotel on foot.

He always walks to school.== He always goes to school on foot.(他总是步行去上学。)

5. Today the weather was cool, so we decided to play tennis.

decide to do sth 决定做某事 如:

There was no buses, so we decided to walk back to school.(由于没有公共汽车,所以我们决定走回学校。)

Unit 11 What do you think of game shows?

一、短语: ①in fact(实际上;其实) ②agree with sb(赞同某人) ③key ring(钥匙链)

二、句子

1.—What do you think of soap operas?(你觉得连续剧怎么样?)

--I can‘t stand them.

What do you think of…?== How do you like…? 你认为……怎么样?

--What does she think of Dumpling King? 她认为《饺子王》这个节目怎么样?

--She doesn‘t like it.她不喜欢它。

2.Welcome to 9o‘clock Weekend Talk. We‘re talking to Alan, a thirteen—year—old boy.(欢迎观看九点钟的周末访谈节目。我们将与一个十三岁的男孩艾伦谈话。)

welcome to… (欢迎到……来) talk to sb(与某人交谈)

thirteen—year—old(十三岁的) thirteen years old(十三岁)

3.Alan: I like it. I don‘t like it.

Host: I do, too. I don‘t, either. (否定句中的―也‖用either 。)

4.Thanks for joining us.

Thanks for doing sth== Thank you doing sth 感谢你做了某事。

Thanks for telling us a story. (感谢你给我们讲了一个故事。)

5.OH, I can‘t stand it. Coo(哦,我受不了。烹调是妈妈门干的。)

6.This week, I asked students about fashion.(本周,我就流行时尚话题问了同学们。)

ask sb about sth 问某人某事

Yesterday our teacher asked us about pop music. 昨天,老师就流行音乐问了我们。

7.I showed each student six things and asked them about each one.(我给每位同学看了六样东西,并且询问了他们是如何看待每样东西的。)

show sb sth == show sth to sb 给某人看什么东西

Can you show me your scarf ? == Can you show your scarf ? 你能给我看看你的新围巾吗?

give sb sth == give sth to sb 把什么给某人 lend sb sth == lend sth to sb把什么借给某人

8.Jerry Green also likes the sunglasses. Jerry Green likes the sunglasses, too.

9.I enjoyed reading your ―What‘s Cool ?‖ article in the school magazine.(我喜欢读校刊上你的―什么是酷?‖那篇文章。) enjoy doing sth喜欢做什么 enjoy oneself == have a good time

10.Can you please put my letter in next month‘s magazine ?(请你把我的信发表在下个月的校杂志上好吗?)

Can you please do sth ? 相当于Would you please do sth? 你愿意做什么吗?用来表示委婉的请求,建议。

11.I can‘t stand the idea that old people can‘t be beautiful.(我无法忍受那种说老年人无权讲美的看法。)

12.I enjoy nice words about my looks, And I don‘t mind what young people think of me!

Unit 12 Don’t eat in class.

一、短语

①in class(在课堂上;上课时) ②after class(下课后) ③have to(不得不;必须)

④sports shoes(运动鞋) ⑤fight with sb(和某人打架) ⑥make dinner(做晚餐)

⑦the Children‘s Palace(少年宫) ⑧no talking(不许讲话) ⑨no food(不许带食物)

二、句子

祈使句:表示请求、命令、劝说、号召、警告的句子叫祈使句。祈使句一般以动词原形开头,其否定结构是在动词原形基础上加don‘t . 如:

Turn left.(向左转) Do your homework every day.(每天都要做作业。)

Don‘t arrive late for class.(上课不要迟到。) Don‘t fight with anyone.(不要和任何人打架。)

为表示礼貌,祈使句中经常在句前或句末加please .句末用please时。前面通常加逗号。如:Please be very quiet.(请保持安静。)

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Please call Karen at 555—8823.(请拨打555—8823找Karen.)

1.What else do you have to do?(你们还必须做其他的什么事吗?)

have to必须、不得不;后面跟动词原形。 如:

①We have to clean the classroom.(我们必须打扫教室。)

②She has to do her homework after school.(放学后,她必须做作业。)

③You have to wear sports shoes for gym class.(你必须穿运动鞋上体育课。)

2.Don‘t go out on school nights.(上学时,晚上不要外出。)

morning, afternoon , evening前面如果有修饰词,指具体的早上、上午、下午、晚上,介词用on . The wind is strong on winter nights.(冬天的晚上风很大。)

3.I have too many rules in my house.(我家里的规矩太多了。)

too many 和 too much 都表示太多。 too many后面接可数名词复数;too much后面接不可数名词。如:

I have too many things to do today.(今天我有太多的事情要做。)

The students have too much homework every day.(学生们每天有太多的作业。)

4.I have to be in bed by ten o‘clock .(我必须在10点钟之前上床睡觉。)

5.Then I have to help my mom make dinner. (然后我必须帮助妈妈做晚饭。)

6.Later I have to go to the Children‘s Palace (接下来我不得不到少年宫学钢琴。) 不定式短语表目的

八年级(上)英语知识点

Unit 1 How often do you exercise ?

一、 单词和短语:

once(一次) twice(两次) three times(三次) four times(四次) how often(多久一次) how many(多少) how much(多少) how old(多大年龄)

hardly ever(几乎不) every day(每天) three or four times a week(每周三四次)

once a week(每周一次)once or twice a week(每周一两次) twice a month(每个月两次)

surf the Internet(上网) all students(所有学生) most students(大多数学生)

no students(没有学生) the results of/for…(……的结果) high school(高中)

as for(关于、至于) be good for…(对……有好处) be bad for…(对……害)

eating habits(饮食习惯) of course(当然) get good grades(取得好成绩)

keep in good health(保持健康)= keep/stay healthy on weekends(在周末)

(be)the same as…(与……相同) be different from…(与……不同)look after(照顾)

二、句子: 1.What does she do on weekends ?

She often goes to the movies.

always,usually,often,sometimes,hardly ever 和 never是频度副词,在句中位于实义动词之前,be动词、情态动词、助动词之后。

(1)I always think of her in that dress. He is never late for school.

2.(1)? (2)?

3.

want to do sth 想要做某事 want sb (not)to do sth . 想要某人(不)做什么

He wanted me to give him some help,but I‘m busy .他想让我帮帮他,但是我很忙。

4.I try to eat a lot of vegetables .

try to do sth 尽力去做某事 try doing sth (用某一办法)试着去做某事

You‘d better try doing the experiment in another way .

a lot of = lots of 后既可接可数名词复数,也可接不可数名词。

如:He always has a lot of work to do . 他总是有很多事做。

5.My healthy lifestyle helps me get good grades.

Good food and exercise help me to study better .

help sb(to)do sth 帮助某人做什么 help sb with sth 在某方面帮助某人

A lot of vegetables help you to keep in good health .

6.Is her lifestyle the same as yours or different ?她的生活方式与你的相同还是不同呢?

7.Maybe I‘m not very healthy,although I have one healthy habit .

although与though都表示―虽然……‖不可与连词but连用。

Although my car is very old,it still runs very well .(我的汽车虽然很旧,但仍然跑得好。

Unit 2 What’s the matter?

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一、 单词

foot—feet(复数) tooth—teeth(复数) say / /--says / /--said(过去式) lie(躺)—lying(现在分词)—lay(过去式) stomach(胃)—stomachache (胃痛) head(头)—headache(头痛) tooth(牙齿)--toothache(牙痛) advice(不可数名词)

二、 短语

arm in arm(手挽手) lie down and rest (躺下休息) hot tea with honey(有蜂蜜的热茶) see a dentist(看牙医) see a doctor (看医生) get some rest(得到一些休息) have a rest(休息一会) stressed out (紧张的;有压

力的) listen to music(听音乐) a balance of …(……的平衡) for example(例如) too much(太多) too many(太多) much too(太,极其) eat a balanced diet (均衡饮食)

a few(几个,少数) at the moment(此时,现在) not…until…(直到…才…) not …any more(不再) need to do sth(需要做某事)

三、句子

,1、——Whats the matter ? ——I have a cold.

,,,(1)Whats the matter ?怎么了,相当于Whats wrong ?如果要具体说到某人怎么了,常用Whats the matter with …?

(2)表示具有某种―病症;症状‖时,常用 have a + 病名。

如:have a cold;have a stomachache; have a sore throat; have a fever

,2、He has a stomachache. He shouldnt eat anything.(他头痛,他不应该吃任何东西。)

(1)should应该,用来提出建议,是一个情态动词,后接动词原形,没有人称和单复数的变化。 You should drink lots of water. 你应该多喝水。

(2)anything作不定代词,常用在疑问句和否定句中,其相对的something常用在肯定句中。如: Is there anything in the box ? 盒子里有什么东西吗?

(3)anything 和something是不定代词,应注意定语后置。如:

Did she tell you anything interesting ? 她跟你说过什么有趣的事吗?

,3、Im not feeling well.

,I dont feel well. 我感到不舒服,用来形容身体状况好用well,不用good.

4、I hope you fell better soon.(我希望你很快就好起来。)

hope :希望,表示可能实现的愿望; wish:希望,表示难以实现的愿望。

hope的用法:(1)hope to do sth 希望做什么。但不能说hope sb to do sth.

如:I hope to be a doctor.(我希望当一名医生。)

(2)hope + (that)从句。(that可以省略) I hope you to study hard.(错误的句子)

I hope that you can study hard.(我希望你努力学习。)

(3)I hope so.(我希望如此) I hope not(希望别这样)

5、(不定式短语表目的) (传统中医认为我们需要一种阴阳平衡以使身体健康。)

6、You should eat hot yang foods,like beef.(你应该吃阳性食物,比如像牛肉。)

(1)food指食物,饮料时为不可数名词。这里指特殊的食物种类,作可数名词。

(2)like. 介词,意为―例如、比方‖,表示―列举‖。相当于for example. 如:

We can do some sports,like swimming or playing ball games. (我们可以做此运动,例如:游泳或打球。)

7、动词不能直接作为主语,动词作为主语时,需加上―—ing‖。如:

Watching too much TV is bad for eyes.

8、But people (但是那些太紧张的且容易生气的人可能阳气过盛。) who 关系代词,……的人。 如:

,Im the man who wants to meet you . 我就是那个想见你的人。

,,9、It(不定式短语作真正的主语) and It(不定式

短语作真正的短语)

It is +形容词 + to do sth.(做某事怎么样。)

10、You should go to bed early for a few night. 你应该坚持连续几个晚上都早点上床睡觉。

a few 表示肯定―少数的、几个‖,而few表示否定―很少时,几乎没有的‖。 如:

There are a few people in the room. 房间里有几个人。

There are few people in the room. 房间里几乎没有人。

,11、Im tired and have a lot of headaches. 我累且头痛得厉害。

12、I study late every night,sometimes until 2 am. (我每天晚上都学到很晚,有时直至凌晨两点钟。)

until 直到……之时,常与not连用,构成not…until…表示―直到……才……‖

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如:My mother didnt go to bed until I came back. (昨天妈妈直到我回来,才上床睡觉。)

,,13、Im sorry to hear that youre not feeling well. (听说你感到不舒服,我很难过)

,彼此熟悉的人,听到不好的消息如生病、事故等时说。 Im sorry to hear that.

Unit 3 What are you doing for vacation ?

一、单词:babysit—babysitting plan—planning send—sent(过去式)

ride—rode(过去式) leave—left(过去式) forget—forgot(过去式)

二、短语: how long(多久;多长时间) get back(向远处) take a vacation(去度假) a lot(很;非常;常常) go camping(去野营) go away(离开)

take a walk(去散步) be famous for … (因……而出名) think about(考虑、思考)

decided on sth decide to do sth (决定做什么) decide on doing sth(决定做什么) something different(不同的事) plan to do sth(计划做某事)

spend time /money on sth(花时间/金钱在某物上)

spend time(in)doing sth(花时间做某事)

forget to do sth(忘记去做某事) forget doing sth(忘记做过某事) finish doing(做完……)

三、句子: 1、——What are you doing for vacation ?(你打算假期做什么)

, ——Im going camping.(我打算去野营)

(1) be doing 表示:(1)正在进行的动作。 (2)最近按计划或安排要进行的动作,这种用法常用的动词大都是表示位置转移的词,如go、come、leave、start、arrive、return、stay、fly等。

(2) go doing 表示―去做某事‖。如:go shopping 去购物; go swimming 去游泳; go fishing 去钓鱼; go hiking 去远足; go sightseeing 去观光

2、——When are you going ?(你什么时候去?)

, ——Im going on Monday./on the 12th.(我打算星期一/12号去。)

,3、Im going to Tibet (我要到西藏去一个星期) :介词,时间长达……

4、That sounds interesting!(听起来真有趣。)

sound,look(看起来) taste(尝起来) smell(闻起来) feel(感觉起来、摸起来)等属于感观动词,后接形容词,表示―……起来怎么样?‖

5、How about you ? 你呢? how about相当于what about…(……怎么样呢?)后接动词时,要用doing(动名词) 如:How about going shopping this Sunday ?about 介词

6、——How long are you staying ?(你打算呆多久?) how long用于对时间段提问。——Just four days. 时间长达多久。

7、Show me your photos when we get back to school.(当我们回到学校时,把你的相片给我看) (1)show sb sth = show sth to sb (把……给某人看)

(2)get back 回来,当要表达回到某地时用。 get back to + 地名

,,,,8、Hes going to his cousins house.(他将去他表哥家)也可说Hes going to his cousins.

,,9、Hows the weather there ?(那儿天气怎么样?)相当于 whats the weather like there ?

10、He thought (介词)going to Creece or spain,but decided on Canada.(他考虑去希腊或西班牙,但最后决定去加拿大。)

(1)think about 考虑、思考; She is thinking about a math problem.

11、This time I want to do something different.(这次我想做不同的事情。)

修饰something、anything等不定代词的形容词要放在它们的后面。如:

something new 新事物; something interesting 有趣的事。

12、He is leaving the first week in June and staying until September.

(他将在六月的第一个星期离开并且要一直呆到九月。)

leave + 地名:离开某地 leave for + 地名:表示去了某地

如:He left Yunfeng yesterday.(他昨天离开了云峰)

He left for Yunfeng yesterday.(他昨天去了云峰)

,Shes leaving for Hongkong on Tuesday.(她将在星期二去香港)

13、He plans to have a very relaxing vacation.(他计划过一个很轻松的假期)

plan to do sth 计划做某事。 如:We are planning to visit London this summer.(我们计划今年夏天去游览伦敦。)

14、I hope I can forget all my problems!(我希望我能忘掉所有的烦恼。)

forget to do sth(忘记去做某事,事情未做) forget doing sth(忘记做过某事,事情已做)I forgot to do my homework.(我昨天忘了做作业(即没做)

He forgot paying for the bill and paid it again. (他忘了付过帐,又付了一次。)

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pay(付钱、支付)——paid(过去式)

,15、I cant wait ! 我等不及了!

16、I just finished making my last movie.(我刚拍完我的最后一部电影。)

finish doing 做完什么

It him 20 minutes to finish doing his homework.. 花费

17、(1)不定式短语作定语,修饰place

(2)I want to ask you about places to visit in China. 不定式短语作定语。

Unit 4 How do you get to school?

一、单词和短语

fun(有趣)--more fun(更有趣) get to…(到达……) arrive in / at …(到达……) how about…(……怎么样) what about …(……怎么样) take the subway(乘地铁) walk to… ==go to… on foot(步行到……) how long(多久) how far(多远)

how often (多久一次) from…to…(从…到…) have breakfast(吃早饭) have a quick breakfast( 快速地吃早饭) leave for…(动身去……)bus ride(乘公共汽车)

take sb to…(把某人带到…) around the world == all over the world(全世界;世界各地) North America(北美) depend on…(依靠…;由…而定;决定于…)

in big cities(在大城市) a number of ==many(许多) a small number of (少数)

a large number of(多数) get from home to school(从家里到达学校)

二、句子

1.--How do you get to school? 你怎样到达学校?

--I take the train. (--I get to school by train.)我乘火车。

--How does he get to school?他怎样到达学校。

--He walks to school. (--He gets to school on foot.) 他步行到学校。

乘坐交通工具常用的表达法:①take the /a+交通工具 ②by+交通工具(中间不能有任何修饰词;这是一个介词短语,不能用作谓语直接位于主语的后面。)

2.--How long does it take? (它要花多长时间?)

--It takes about 25 minutes to walk and 10 minutes by bus.(步行要花25分钟;乘公汽要10分钟)

take作为―花费时间‖讲时,常用it作为形式主语。常用句型: 一段时间)to do sth. 花费某人多长时间做某事。

eg:It takes him three hours to clean his room every Saturday.每周六打扫他的房间都要花他3小时。同义句为:He spends

three hours in cleaning his room every Saturday.

Spend也表示―花费时间或金钱‖,但用spend时,必须用人作主语。常用结构为:

① spend…on… (在……花费……)

eg:He spent 50 yuan on the dictionary.(他花了50远在这本字典上。)

②spend some time in doing sth(花费多长时间作某事,in可以省略。)

eg:He spent twenty minutes in fishing his homework. last night.(昨晚,他花了20分钟来完成作业。)

3.Lin Fen‘s home is about 10 kilometers from school.(林飞的家离学校大约10公里。)

4.Then he leaves for school at around six thirty.(然后他大约六点半动身去学校。)

leave for +目的地. 表示动身去某地; 而leave+地点名词. 表示离开某地.

5.The early bus takes him to school.(早班车带他到学校。)

take… to…(把…带到…)eg:Please take me to the hotel.(请把我带到旅馆。)

6.How far is it from your home to school?(从你家到学校有多远?)

How far is it from …to…?(从……到……有多远?)

eg:How far is it from Beijing to Shanghai? (从北京到上海有多远?)

7.It is +一段距离from… to… (从……到……的距离是……)

eg:It‘s three miles from my home to school.(从我家到学校的距离是3英里。)

8.形式主语 真正的主语

9.(Thomas想知道Nina住在哪里。)

宾语从句,用陈述句的语序

宾语从句,用陈述句的语序。

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10.How do students around the world get to school?(世界各地的学生怎样去上学?)

11.In North America, most students go to school on the school bus.

交通工具名词前如果有a, the,或形容词性物主代词(my, your, his, her…)修饰时。通常用in或on表示乘坐。 eg :He goes to work in his car.(他自己开车去上班。)

12.In Japan, most students take trains to school, although others also walk or ride bikes.(在日本,虽然大多数学生乘火车去

学校,但也有一些步行或骑自行车。)

others意为:―其他的人或物‖,表示出去一部分以后的另一些,但不是剩下的全体,有列举未尽的意味在内,常和

some搭配构成some…others句型。

eg:There are a lot of people in the park, Some are walking, some are looking at the flowers, others are boating.(公园里有许

多人,有些人在散步,有些人在赏花,另一些人在划船。)

the others也意为―其他的人或物‖,它指一定范围内除去一部分以后,剩下的全部人或物。

eg:There are 50 students in our class, 32 of us are boys, the others are girls.

13.在有河流和湖泊的地方。)

定语从句,修饰、限定它前面的先行词places

定语从句,修饰、限定它前面的先行词people

(我喜欢交像我一样的朋友。)

定语从句,修饰、限定它前面的先行词friends

14.That must be a lot more fun than taking a bus!(那一定比乘公共汽车有趣得多!)

must表示一种推测,意为―一定‖; have to没有这种用法.

eg:He must be in the office.(他一定在办公室里。)

must与have to都表示―必须‖,它们之间的区别是:

(1)have to主要强调的是由于外界客观因素如:环境,习惯,急事等要求某人―不得不,只好‖干某事。它可用于多

种时态,且有人称和单复数的变化。

eg :It‘s raining hard, we have to stop.(雨正下得厉害,我们不得不听下来。)

(2) must表示说话人主观认为―应该,必须‖干某事,它无人称、单复数、和时态的变化。

Eg:I must go there. 我必须去那儿。(我主观认为有必要去。)

(3) must的否定形式是在must后面加not(即mustn‘t)表示―不准,严禁‖

Eg You mustn‘t be late.(你不可以迟到。)

(4)must的一般疑问句是将must提到句首,起肯定回答用must;否定回答用needn‘t .

Eg –Must I finish my homework before 6? (我必须在6点种之前完成作业吗?)

--Yes, you must.(是的,必须。)或--No, you needn‘t. (不,你不必要。)

(5)have to的否定句、疑问句需借助动词来完成。

Unit 5 Can you come to my party?

一、短语

Study for…(为……而学习) go to the doctor==see a doctor(看医生)

have a piano lesson(上钢琴课) thanks for… ==thank you for…(因为……而谢谢你) the day after tomorrow(后天) the day before yesterday(前天) call sb(给某人打电话)

call sb at…(拨打……找某人) come over(顺便来访) visit sb(拜访某人)

the whole day==all the day(整天)

二、句子

1.--Can you come to my party?(你能来参加我的聚会?)

--Sure, I‘d love to.(当然,我很乐意。)

--I‘m sorry, I can‘t. I have to help my mom.(对不起,我不能。我不得不帮我的妈妈。)

Can you…?(你能……吗?)是客气地请求某人做某事的句子。

接受邀请时常用:Sure, I‘d love / like to.

如果有事不能接受邀请,需委婉地告知理由。常用 I‘m sorry, I can‘t. I…

2.Jenny, can you come to my party on Saturday afternoon?(Jenny,星期六下午你能来参加我的聚会吗?)

在英语中,表示在具体的某一天或某一天的上午、下午、晚上等时间需用介词on.

eg:on Monday(在星期一) on the morning of a cold day.(在一个寒冷的早上。)

当morning, afternoon, evening与 this, that, tomorrow, yesterday, every 等词连用时,前面

一般不用介词。

Eg: He spent 20 minutes in finishing his homework yesterday afternoon.(昨天下午,他花了20分钟时间完成作业。) - 17 -

3.I have too much homework to do this weekend.(这个周末,我有许多作业要做。)

too much太多,后接不可数名词; too many 太多,后接可数名词复数;

much too太,后接形容词或副词。

eg:The boy is much too fat, he eats too much food.(那男孩太胖了,他吃的食物太多了。) Too much work will make him much too tired.(太多的工作会使他太疲倦。)

4.Maybe another time. (也许下次吧。)

①maybe(或许,大概): may be(可能是,may是情态动词。)

eg:The news may be true.(那个消息可能是真的。)

②another(另一;又一或再一)

eg:Would you like another apple.(你要再来一个苹果吗?)

another+数词==数词+more 表示在原来的基础上还增加几

eg:I want to buy another two books.(我还想买两本书。)

I want to buy two more books.(我还想买两本书。)

5.I have to help my parents. 我不得不帮我的父母(做事)。

①help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事,to可以省略。

②help sb with sth(在某方面帮助某人。)

Eg:He often helps me with my English.(他经常帮助我学英语。)

6.--What‘s today?(今天几号,星期几?)

--It‘s Monday the 14th.(今天14号,星期一。)

What‘s today?这个问句既问日期,又问星期几,因此,它的回答应为:

―星期几‖+―日期‖。

Eg:--What was yesterday?

--It was Wednesday the 17th.

①--What day is it today?(今天星期几?)

--It‘s Tuesday?(今天星期二。)

②--What‘s the date today?(今天几月几日。)

--It‘s October the 25th.(今天10月25日。)

7.Thank you for your invitation.(谢谢你的邀请。)

thank you for… == thanks for…

eg:Thanks for giving me so much help.(谢谢你给了我如此多的帮助。)

invite为动词(邀请),常用结构为:①invite sb to sth ②invite sb to do sth

eg: He invited me to go to his party.(他邀请我去参加他的晚会。)

==He invited me to his party.

The smiths invite us to dinner.(史密斯一家人邀请我们去吃饭。)

8.I‘m really busy.(我真的很忙。)

Busy繁忙的,常用于:①be busy with sth ②be busy doing sth

Eg:He is busy with his homework.(他正忙于家庭作业。)

== He is busy doing his homework.

9. Please keep quiet! I‘m trying to study.(请保持安静,我在学习。)

Unit 6 I’m more outgoing than my sister.

一、单词和短语

hers(名词性物主代词,她的)==her…

interest(名词:兴趣,爱好—interesting(形容词:有趣的)—interested(形容词:感兴 funny(有趣的)—funnier(更有趣的) curly(卷曲的)—curlier(更卷曲的) thin(瘦的)—thinner(更瘦的) good(好的)—better(更好)

bad(坏的)—worse (更坏) far(远的)—farther(更远)

be interested in…(对……感兴趣) twin sisters(双包胎姐妹)

twin brothers(双胞胎兄弟) in some ways(在某些方面)

look the same(看起来一样) look different (看起来不同)

enjoy doing sth (喜欢做某事) in common (共同的;共有的)

lots of==a lot of(许多) a little(一点) b the same as…(与…相同) be different from…(与…不同) make sb do sth(使某人做某事)

have friends==make friends(交朋友) be good with…(和…友好)

be good for…(对…有益) be good at…(擅长于…;在某方面做得好) - 18 -

do well in…(在某方面做得好) tell jokes(讲笑话) laugh at sb (嘲笑某人)

stay at home(呆在家里) more than(多于;超出) primary school(小学)

middle school(中学) high school(高中)

二、句子

1.He has shorter hair than Sam. And he‘s calmer than Sam.(他的头发比Sam的短,而且他比Sam更镇静。)

Tom is more athletic than Sam.(Tom比Sam更强健。)

在英语中,表示两者比较要用形容词或副词的比较级,且常用连词than把两者连接起来。

形容词和副词比较级的构成,请看课本P.93

Eg: Tina is taller than Tara.(Tina比Tara高。)

在形容词比较级前面可加a lot(……得多)、much(……得多)、a little(……一点)来表示程度。

Eg:①That must be a lot more fun than taking a bus.(那一定比乘公共汽车有趣得多。)

②I‘m much taller than her.(我比她高得多。)

③I‘m a little taller than her.(我比她高一点。)

④She‘s a little more outgoing than me.(他比我外向一点。)

2.Thank you for your last letter.(谢谢你的上次来信。)

Thank you for…== Thanks for…(for是一个介词。当后面跟动词时,要用动名词形式。 ) 3. As you can see, in some ways we look the same, and in some ways we look different.(正如你看见的一样,在某些方面,我们看起来很相像,在某些方面又不一样。)

4.We both have black eyes and black hair.(我们都长着黑眼睛和黑头发。)

Both girls go to lots of parties.(两个女孩都参加许多聚会。)

①both表示两者(都);两者的。如果要表示三者或三者以上(都)应用all. both与all在句子中常位于be动词、助动词、情态动词的后面;行为动词的前面。

Eg: We are both students.(我们两个都是学生。)

My parents both like cooking.(我的父母都喜欢做饭。)

②both常与and连用,表示…和…;不但…而且…;既…又…。用于连接两个并列成分。

Eg:Both tom and Jim are late.(Tom 和Jim都迟到了。)

She both speaks and writes English.(他不但能说,而且能写英语。)

5.We both like sports, although Liu Ying is more athletic than me.(我们两个都喜欢运动,但刘英比我更强健。) although==though.虽然、即使,不能与but连用。

Eg: He can speaks English well. Although he is only seven years old.

= he is only seven years old, but he can speak English well.(虽然他才7岁,但他英语说得非常好)

Although I am interested in music, I am not good at it.

=I am interested in music, but I am not good at it.(虽然我对音乐很感兴趣,但我不擅长。)

6.

enjoy doing sth (喜欢做某事) like doing sth

Eg: I like flying kites, but I don‘t like to fly kites this afternoon.(我喜欢放风筝,但今天下午我不想去放。)

7. Liu Li and Liu Ying have some things in common.(刘丽和刘英有一些共同之处。)

8. Liu Ying is not as good at sports as his sister.(刘英不如她姐姐擅长运动。)

as …as(和……一样;相同的),中间用形容词或副词原级,表同级比较。

Eg: This story is as interesting as that one.(这个故事和那个一样有趣。)

I swim as fast as my father.(我和我爸爸游得一样快。)

当要表示一方在某一方面不及另一方时用―Not as / so +形容词或副词原级+ as‖的句型。

Eg: It is not as warm yesterday as yesterday.(今天不如昨天暖和。)

He did not come so early as Wang Lin.(他没有王林来得早。)

9.I think a good friend makes me laugh.(我认为一个好朋友常常让我开心。)

make /have / let sb do sth(让某人做某事)

Eg: Every day his aunt makes him work at home.(他的阿姨每天都让他在家里做事。)

10.A good friend is popular in school.(一个好朋友在学校很受欢迎。)

popular流行的;受欢迎的。 be popular with sb受某人喜爱;欢迎

Eg:He is popular with my class.(他深受我们班同学的欢迎。)

11.My best friend Larry is taller and more outgoing than me.(我最好的朋友Larry比我高,并且比我更外向。)

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Carol is very funny, and more outgoing than I am.(Carol非常风趣,且比我更外向。)

①than作为介词,后接人称代词时要使用宾格形式;接动词时要用动名词形式。

Eg:I am a little taller than her.

That must be a lot more fun than taking a bus.

②than 作为连词使用时,后面可接一个简单句。

Eg:I‘m quieter than (我比他更风趣。)

He does better in math than I do.(在数学方面,他做得比我好。)

12. He always beats me in tennis.(他总是在网球方面打败我。)

beat sb in…(在某方面打败某人。)

Eg:He always beats his brother in math.(他经常在数学上胜过他哥哥。)

13.She is very good at math, physics and chemistry.(她在数、理、化方面很好。)

be good at…==do well in…(在某方面好。擅长于某方面。)

Eg:①She‘s good at swimming.(她擅长游泳。)

②My father is good at sports.(我爸爸擅长运动。)

③She does well in math.(她擅长数学。)

④Jenny does well in telling jokes.(Jenny擅长讲笑话。)

Unit 7 How do you make a banana shake?

一、单词和短语

不可数名词:①yogurt ②honey ③bread ④butter ⑤relish ⑥lettuce

⑦turkey ⑧sauce

tomato(西红柿)—tomatoes(复数) potato(土豆)—potatoes(复数)

turn on(打开电器) turn off(关掉电器) turn up(调高音量) turn down(调低音量)

cut up(切碎) pour…into…(把……倒入……) put…into…(把……放入……)

put…on…(把……放在……上) put on(穿上) put up(举起)

how many(多少) how much(多少或多少钱) one cup of yogurt (一杯酸奶)

two teaspoons of honey(两匙蜂蜜) mix up (混匀) add… to…(把…加入…)

二、句子

1.(1)—How many bananas do we need?(我们需要多少个香蕉?)

--We need three bananas.(我们需要三个香蕉。)

(2)—How much yogurt do we need?(我们需要多少酸奶?)

--We need one cup of yogurt.(我们需要一杯酸奶。)

①how many与how much都可以对物品的数量提问。其区别是:

how many后接可数名词复数形式。

Eg:--How many students are there in your class?(你们班上有多少学生?)

-- Forty—Two. (四十二个。)

②how much只能对不可数名词提问,回答时要用盛它的容器来表示数量的多少。

Eg:--How much milk is there in the fridge?(冰箱里有多少牛奶?)

--Two cups of milk.(两杯牛奶。)

how much还可以用于询问物品的价格。

Eg:--How much is this t-shirt? (这件T衫多少钱?)

--It‘s 20 yuan.(20元。)

--How much are the apples?(这些苹果多少钱?)

--They are 5 dollars.(5美元。)

可数名词与不可数名词

①能够数出个数的名词为可数名词,可数名词有单、复数两种形式。可在其前面直接加数词。

Eg:one apple(一个苹果) two apples (两个苹果)

three tomatoes (三个西红柿) four watermelons(四个西瓜)

②不能数出个数的名词为不可数名词,不可数名词没有复数形式。在其前面不能直接加数词。需要计量时,要用容器来表示。

Eg: a cup of milk(一杯牛奶) two cups of milk(两杯牛奶)

a teaspoon of honey (一勺蜂蜜) three teaspoons of honey(三勺蜂蜜)

2.Turn on the blender.(打开果汁机。)

(1)turn on打开(煤气、自来水、电器等)。反义词组为turn off.这是一个动副短语。当宾语为名词,既可以位于turn…on - 20 -

之间 ,也可以位于turn on后面;当宾语为代词(如them. it等)时,只能位于turn…on之间。

Eg:①(我想看新闻,请打开电视机。)

②I want to watch TV. Can you turn it on?(不能说turn on it.) 我想看电视,你能开一下吗?

(2)当要表示沿着轴转动而开或关什么时,要用open和close.

Eg: Don‘t open the window. It‘s too cold.(别开窗,太冷了。)

3. Let‘s make fruit salad.(让我们做水果沙拉吧。)

let sb do sth让某人做某事; have sb do sth ,make sb do sth也表示让某人做某事。

Eg:Let me think.(让我想一想。)

4. First, cut up the tomatoes and beef. Next, boil the noodles.(首先,把西红柿和牛肉切碎。接下来,煮面条。)

在英语中,要描述一件事情的先后顺序时,常用first(首先)、next(接着)、then(然后) finally(最后)来表示。

5. First, put some relish on a slice of bread.(首先,放些佐料在一片面包上。)

put…on…(把……放在……的上面) put on(穿上)

Please put on your coat, it‘s cold outside.(请穿上外衣吧,外面冷。)

Unit 8 How was your school trip?

一、本单元出现的不规则动词及其过去式。

am—was is—was are—were do—did go—went have—had eat—ate

hang—hung hanged take—took see—saw buy—bought win—won get—got

meet—met sleep—slept read / / --read / / put—put bring—brought

规则动词过去式的构成如下:

(1)一般在动词原形末尾加-ed。如:look—looked play—played start—started

(2)结尾是e的动词加-d。如:live—lived hope—hoped use—used

(3)末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节词,先双写这个辅音字母,再加-ed。

如:stop—stopped plan—planned

(4)以辅音字母加y结尾的动词,先变―y‖为―i‖。再加-ed。

如:study—studied worry—worried carry—carried

二、短语

hang out(闲逛) take photos(照相) what else (其他什么)

have a greet time (玩得高兴) have fun doing(做某时有乐趣)

a dolphin show(一场海豚表演) show sb sth==show sth to sb(把什么给某人看)

at the end of …(在……的末端,尽头) in the end(最后,终于) sleep late(睡懒觉)

go for a drive(开车兜风) take a class(上课) all day(整天)

put…out…(把…拿出来) yard sale(庭院旧货出售) in my opinion(依我的意见)

day off (休息日) win a prize(获得一个奖品) win first prize(获得一等奖)

win the first place(获得第一名) singing competition(演唱赛)

have/ eat…for lunch(吃…作为午餐) in the future(未来,将来) in future(今后)

三、句子

1.--Did you go to the zoo? (你去了动物园吗?)

--No, I didn‘t. I went to the aquarium.(不,我没去。我去了水族馆。)

2.—Did Tina meet a famous actor? (Tina见到了一位名演员吗?)

--Yes, she did. She met Jake Dean. (是的,她见到了。她见到Jake Dean了。)

3.—Were there any sharks?(那儿有鲨鱼吗?)

--No, there weren‘t any sharks. But there were some really clever seals. (不,没有鲨鱼。但是有些真的很聪明的海豹。)

本单元的语法重点是一般过去时:(七年级(下)第九单元学过。)

一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用,如yesterday, last night, in 1990, two days ago等。一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作,常和often, always等表示频度的时间状语连用。例如;

I got up at 6:30 yesterday.

He always went to work by bus last year.

4.What else did you do? == What other things did you do?(你还做了什么事?)

else: 形容词。意为―其他的,另外的。‖常用于修饰疑问词(如:what, who, where等)或不定代词(something, anything, someone, somebody, anybody等)。

Eg:①Who else is going to the party?(还有谁要去参加聚会?)

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②How else would you do it? (你还有别的做法吗?)

③I have something else to do.(我还有其他的事要做。)

④Do you need anything else?(你还需要其他的东西吗?)

(other也是形容词―别的,其他的‖。但other用于名词前面修饰名词。 )

5.Then they watched a dolphin show. (然后,他们看了一场海豚表演。)

(1) show可作为名词―展览,表演‖。

(2) show 还可作为动词―出示‖。常用短语

①show sb sth== show sth to sb(把某物给某人看)

Eg:Please show me your ID card.(请出示你的身份证。)

==Please show your ID card to me.

②show sb the way 给某人领路,指路。

Eg:Can you show me the way to your school?(你可以告诉我到你们学校怎么走吗?)

③show sb around…(带某人参观……)

Eg:I‘ll show you around my school.(我要带你去参观我的学校。)

6.最后,很累但是很开心,他们坐汽车回到了学校。) == they got back to school by bus.

7.On my next day off, I don‘t want to go for a drive.(我下一次休息,我不想开车去兜风。)

on my next day off中的on表示在具体的某一天。英语中,表示在具体的某一天或具体某一天的上午、下午、晚上都用介词on表示―在‖。当只需要表达在上午、下午、晚上时用:in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening. 但在中午、在晚上为固定搭配at noon, at night.

8. Did you have fun camping? (你野营愉快吗?)

have fun doing sth做某事有乐趣

Eg:They had fun going for a drive.(他们开车兜风很愉快。)

9.I had a bowl of noodles for lunch.(我午餐吃了一碗面。)

have / eat …for lunch (breakfast, dinner) 吃…作为午餐(早餐、晚餐)

Eg:We had some vegetables and rice for supper.(我们晚餐吃了些蔬菜和米饭。)

Unit 9 When was he born?

一、单词和短语

hiccup—hiccupping hiccup—hiccupped stop—stopping stop—stopped

well-known==famous(出名的,著名的)

be born(出生) sports star(运动明星,体育明星)

world record(世界记录) world record for…(……的世界记录)

start doing sth(开始做某事) start to do sth(开始做某事)

begin doing sth(开始做某事) begin to do sth(开始做某事)

stop doing sth(停止做某事) stop to do sth(停下来做某事)

too…to do sth(太……而不能做某事) so…that+从句(如此……以致于……)

for example(例如) learn to do sth(学习做某事) at the age of…(在…岁时)

take part in(参加) 70—year history(70年的历史) ice skating(滑冰)

because of (因为) major in…(主修,钻研……) date of birth(出生日期)

二、句子

1.--When was he born?(他什么时候出生的?)

--He was born in 1895.(他出生于1895年。)

be born出生,后常接时间或地点,表示某人出生于什么时候或什么地点;be born中的be常用其过去式was或 were . Eg: ①I was born in 1994.(我出生于1994年。)

②He was born in 1982 in Chongqing.(他于1982年出生在重庆。)

③My parents were born in England.(我父母出生在英国。)

2. --How long did he hiccup?(他打嗝打了多久?)

--He hiccupped for 69 years and 5 months.(他打了69年零5个月。)

how long多久,多长时间;用来对一段时间提问,对how long问句的回答应用―for+一段时间‖。 Eg:-- How long did you watch TV?(你看了多久的电视?)

--I watched TV for two hours.(我看了两个小时。)

how far多远,用来对一段距离提问,对how far问句的回答应用―一段距离‖。

Eg: --How far is it from your home to school?(你家离学校有多远?)

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--It‘s three hours.(三英里。)

how often多久一次。对how often 问句的回答应用―次数+一段时间‖。

Eg: --How often does your father write to you?(你爸爸多久给你写一次信?)

--He writes to me twice a month.(他一个月给我写两次信。)

3. --When did he start hiccupping?(他什么时候开始打嗝的?)

--He started hiccupping in 1992. (他1992年开始打嗝的。)

①start doing sth ②start to do sth ③begin doing sth ④begin to do sth 都可以表示开始做某事。但也有细微的差别:

(1)当begin和start本身用于进行时态时,一般用begin/start to do sth.

Eg:He is beginning / starting to write a letter.(他正开始写信)

(2)当start和 begin的主语是表―物‖的名词时,一般用 start/begin to do sth

It started to rain when I got up this morning.(今天早上当我起床的时候,天开始下雨了。)

start和begin都有―开始‖的意思,大多数情况下两者可以互换。但start除了―开始‖的意思外,还有―出发、动身、创始、开办‖等意思,此时,不能与begin互换。

Eg:We must start (out) early.(我们必须早点动身。)

My uncle started a new shop two years ago.(两年前,我叔叔开了一家新商店。)

4. You are never too young to start doing things.(学习东西无论多早都不过分。)

too…to…(太……以至于不能……)虽然结构中没有否定词,但却表示否定意义的结果。

too…to…可与so…that…句型互换

Eg: ①The boy is too young to go to school.(这孩子太小,还不能上学。)

==The boy is so young that he can‘t go to school.

②She is too excited to say a ward.(她激动得说不出一句话。)

==She is so excited that she can‘t say a ward.

若在too前面加上not或never时,too…to…结构的意义就变成肯定的了。

Eg: ①It is never too late to mend / /.(亡羊补牢未为晚也。)

②This watch is not too old to repair.(这块手表并不旧,还能修。)

太……而不能……‖要用Eg: ①(对于我们来说学英语太难了。)

②The question is too hard for him to answer.(这个问题对他来说太难了。)

5. I learned to ride a bicycle when I was ten.(我十岁时就学骑自行车了。)

learn to do sth(学习做某事)

Eg: ①She learn to cook three years ago. (她三年前学做饭的。)

②He learned to play the piano at the age of eight.(他八岁学习弹钢琴的。)

6.It was a comedy called Mr Bean.(那是一部名叫―憨豆先生‖的喜剧片。)

call被叫做; 如:a boy called Jake (一个被叫做Jake的男孩)

7. She is a famous violinist.(她是一位出名的小提琴手。) famous著名的,出名的;

常用短语①be famous for…(因为……而出名) ②be famous as…(作为……而出名)

Eg: China is famous for the Great Wall.(中国以长城出名。)

Mao Dun is famous for his works.(茅盾因为他的著作而出名。)

Mao Dun is famous as a writer.(矛盾作为作家而出名。) (他在四岁时开始学手风琴。)

==when he was four

Eg: I went to the primary school at the age of seven.(我七岁上小学。)

==When I was seven, I went to the primary school.

9. Li Yundi took part in the 14th Chopin International Piano Competition in Poland.(李云迪参加了在波兰举行的第14届肖邦国际钢琴大赛。)

take part in参加,常指参加某项活动,比赛等; join参加,指参加某个组织团体。

Eg: I joined the army three years ago.(我三年前参军。)

10. He was also the first Chinese pianist in the 70—year history of the competition to win this prize.(他也是70年来在该项

比赛中获得这种奖项的第一的中国钢琴家。)

①be the first…to do sth―是做……‖的第一个人

Eg: He is the first boy to get to school every day.(他每天都是第一个到校的人。)

②70—year(70年的) 在这里作定语,相当于一个形容词;

Eg: 20—meter bridge(一座20米长的桥) a 9—year—old girl(一个9岁大的女孩)

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11. --Is the person a man or a woman?(这人是男还是女?)

这是一个选择疑问句,由―一般疑问句‖+ ―or…‖构成,不能用yes或no来回答,

能选择or前面或后面的一个答案。

Eg: --Are you a singer or a dancer?(你是一个歌手还是舞者?)

--I‘m a dancer.(我是一个舞者。)

12. Is he alive?(他活着吗?)

alive(活着的;在世的)作定语时,必须放在被修饰的词之后。

Eg: Who‘s the (谁是活着的最伟大的人?)

14. He stopped playing soccer because of his sore back.(他因为背痛而停止了踢足球。)

because of(由于,因为)后接名词,名词短语或动名词;because (因为)后接完整句。

Eg: ①I missed the English class because of being late for school.(由于上学迟到,我错过了英语课。)

②The sports meeting was delayed because of the rain that day.(那天因为下雨,所以运动会延期了。)

③I don‘t go to school because I am ill. (因为我生病,所以没去上学。)

15. Deng Yaping majors in English and management . (邓亚平主要学习英语和管理专业。)

major in 主修;钻研

Eg: I major in chemistry.(我主修化学。)

Unit 10 I’m going to be a basketball player.

一、短语

be going to do sth(将要/ 打算做某事) be going to be(打算成为) want to be(想成为) grow up(长大) professional basketball player(职业篮球运动员)

take acting lessons(上表演课) move to someplace(搬到某地)

move from…to…(从……搬到……) a part-time job(一份兼职工作)

save some money(存钱) make some money(挣钱) at the same time(同时)

buy sth for sb=buy sb sth(给某人买东西) all over(到处,遍及各处)

all over the world=around the world (全世界) next year(明年) this year(今年)

last year(去年) make the soccer team(组建足球队) keep fit=keep healthy(保持健康) communicate with sb(与某人交流) travel to someplace(到某地旅游)

enjoy doing sth(喜欢做某事) finish doing sth(做完某事)

practice doing sth(练习做某事) get lots of exercise(进行大量的锻炼)

二、句子

1. --What are you going to be when you grow up?(你长大了,打算当什么?)

--I‘m going to be a basketball player.(我打算当一位篮球运动员。)

be going to后接动词原形,表示将要发生的事或打算、决定要做某事。其中的be随主语变化而变化。

①I‘m going to visit my grandma in June.(我打算6月份去看望我的奶奶。)

②Look at the sky. It‘s going to rain.(看看天,要下雨了。)

2. –How are you going to do that?(那你打算怎么去做呢?)

--I‘m going to practice basketball every day.(我打算天天练习篮球。)

practice(练习)后可接名词做宾语,若接动词时须用动名词形式。即practice doing sth

Eg: practice playing basketball practice reading English practice running

3. –Where is Cheng Han going to move?(陈函要搬到那里去?)

--He‘s going to move to New York.(他要搬到纽约。)

move(移动,搬动);要表示搬到某地,要用move to+地点名词 Eg: move to Shanghai

当要表示从一个地方搬到另一个地方时,要用move from…to…

Eg: I‘m going to move from Dalian to Beijing after high school.(我打算上完高中后从大连搬到北京。)

4. When I grow up, I‘(我长大了,要做我想做的事。)

宾语从句

(我想知道你对它的看法。)

宾语从句(注意语序)

(你能告诉我你叫什么名字吗?)

宾语从句(注意语序)

5.I‘m going t)

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I‘m going to retire )

somewhere与something、anything、somebody、anybody一样,它也是一个不定代词。修饰不定代词的形容词要放在后面。Eg: something new(新事物) 巴黎听起来像一个我可能会喜欢的城市。)

定语从句,修饰、限制前面的city

7.And I‘m going to study French at the same time.(同时,我要学习法语。)

8. Next, I‘m going to hold art exhibitions because I want to be rich and buy a big house for my parents.(接下来,我要举办艺术展览会,因为我想变得富有且想给我父母亲买一套房子。buy a big house for my parents== buy my parents a big house.)

9.—Where are you going to work?(你打算在那里工作)

-- I‘m not sure yet. Maybe Beijing or Shanghai.(我还没确定,大概在北京或上海。)

yet一般用语疑问句或否定句末,在疑问句中译为―已经‖;在否定句中译为―还‖。

Eg: Is everything ready yet?(一切都已经准备好了吗?) (一些女孩将更多地锻炼以保持健康。)

不定式短语表目的 )

12. They want to communicate better with their kids.(他们想更好地与孩子们交流。)

Unit 11 Could you please clean your room?

一、短语

do chores(处理琐事;干家务) do the dishes(洗餐具) do the laundry(洗衣服)

make one‘s bed(整理床铺) make the bed(整理床铺) take out(拿出;取出)

living room(起居室;客厅) stay out late(在外呆到很晚) stay up(熬夜)

go to a meeting(去开会) work on(从事;忙于) hate to do sth(讨厌做某事)

hate doing sth(讨厌做某事) make breakfast(做早饭)borrow sth from sb(向某人借某物) lend sth to sb= lend sb sth(把某物借给某人) invite sb to do sth(邀请某人做某事)

take care of= look after(照顾;照看) take good care of (好好照顾)

forget to do sth(忘记去做某事) forget doing sth(忘记做过某事)

get a ride(搭车) give sb a ride(让某人搭车)

二、句子

1. –Could you please do the dishes?(请你洗洗餐具,好吗?)

--Yes, sure. (Sorry, I can‘t. I have to do my homework.)

Could you please + 动词原形…? (请你做……好吗?)该句型用于委婉、客气、礼貌地向别人提出要求或请求。这里的could并不表示过去,只是在语气上比can更委婉、更客气。肯定回答常用:①Yes, sure./ ②Yes, I‘d love to./ ③Certainly. ④Of course./

⑤OK. / ⑥No problem.

否定回答常用:①Sorry, I can‘t . I have to…/ ②Oh, please don‘t./ ③I‘m afraid I can‘t.

2.(1)—Could I go to the movies?(我可以去看电影吗?)

--Yes, you can.(是的,你可以去。)

(2)—Could I use the car?(我可以用一下车吗?)

--No, you can‘t. I have to go out.(不,你不能。我要出去。)

Could I(please)+ 动词原形…?(我可以做……吗?)该句型常用于委婉、客气、礼貌地请求别人的允许、许可。 肯定回答常用:①Yes, you can./ ②Yes, sure . / ③Certainly. ④Of course./

⑤OK. / ⑥No problem.

否定回答常用:①No, you can‘t.……. ②Sorry, I‘m afraid you can‘t.

(2) I hate doing the dishes. It‘s so boring.(我讨厌洗餐具,很无聊。)

hate to do sth与hate doing sth都表示讨厌、不喜欢做某事。 hate to do sth更多地表示具体的一次性的动作,而hate doing sth更多地表示习惯性、经常性的一般的动作。其区别与like to do sth和like doing sth的道理一样。

4. Could I borrow some money?(我可以借些钱吗?)

borrow(借进,借入),常与from连用。borrow…from… 表示―从某人/ 某处借到某物。‖ Eg: ①Could I some money from you?(我可以向你借点钱吗?)

②I borrowed a story book from my friend yesterday.(昨天,我从我的朋友那儿借来了一本故事书。)

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lend(借给,借出)是borrow的反义词。

常用为:lend sth to sb / lend sb sth(把某物借给某人)

Eg: ①I lent a story book to my friend yesterday.(昨天,我借了一本故事书给我的朋友。)

②I can lend some money to you.(我可以借写钱给你。)

==I can lend you some money.

5. Could I invite my friends to a party?(我可以邀请我的朋友来参加聚会吗?)

invite sb to someplace(邀请某人到某个地方) invite sb to do sth(邀请某人做某事)

6. Thanks for taking care of my dog.( 谢谢你照顾我的狗。taking care of= looking after)

7.Take him for a walk.(带它去散步。) take sb for a walk (带某人去散步。)

8. Give him water and feed him.(给它水喝并喂养它。)

give him water==give some water to him

feed sb on / with sth(喂某人什么东西)==feed sth to sb

Eg: ①She feeds the baby with milk.(她喂婴儿牛奶。)

②She feeds fish to the cat.(她喂鱼给猫。)

feed on…(用于动物,―以……为食‖。)

Eg: ①Horses feed on grass.(马以草为食。)

②Pandas feed on bamboo.(熊猫以竹子为食。)

9. When you come over on Saturday, could you please help me sweep the floor?(你星期六过来的时候,能帮我扫地吗?) ①help sb with sth(在某方面帮助某人) ②help sb (to) do sth(帮助某人做某事。)

Unit 12 What’s the best radio station?

一、单词

good/ well—better—best bad—worse—worst many/ much—more—most

little—less—least far—farther—farthest (常用于本义―远‖)

far—further—furthest (常用于引申意义―深远,进一步‖)

二、短语

close to…(靠近……,离……近) be popular with…(受……的喜爱/ 欢迎)

in town(在镇上) in the city(在城里) think about(考虑)

think of (想起) do /make a survey(做调查) do a survey of…(做……的调查)

as for(至于) talent show(才艺表演) a great success(巨大的成功)

have success in doing sth(在做某事方面取得成功) win the prize for…(获得……的奖项) in our class(在我们班上) in southern China= in the south of China(在中国南部)

in northern China= in the north of China(在中国北部) need to do sth(需要做某事)

in winter(在冬天) Ice and Snow Festival(冰雪节) cut the price(削价,减价) the price of…(……的价格)

三、句子

1. A: What‘s the best movie theater?(最好的电影院是哪家?)

B: Showtime Cinema. It‘s the cheapest.(Showtime Cinema.它是最便宜的。)

A: But I think Gold Theater has the most comfortable seats.(但是,我认为Gold Theater的座位最舒适。)

本单元的重点是:学会使用形容词的最高级。当要表示三者或三者以上(人或事物)的

比较,其中有一个在某一方面超过其他几个,就要用到形容词的最高级。形容词的最高

级前面一般要加定冠词the.后面可带of …/ in…短语来说明比较的范围。

Eg: ①He is the tallest boy in our class.(他是我们班上最高的一个男生。)

②He is the funniest actor of the three.(他是三个演员中最风趣的一个。)

2. Can I ask you some question?(我可以问你一些问题吗?)

一般情况下,在否定句或疑问句中,要把some 变为any. 但在表示征求意见的疑问句中的some不变。

Eg: Could I borrow some money?

3. I think Jason‘s is the best.(我认为Jason‘s是最好的。)

I think/ believe(我认为 / 相信)后面的从句如果含有否定含义,往往需要把否定词由从句移到前面的主句来。 Eg: ①I don‘t think Jason‘s is the best.(我认为Jason‘s不是最好的。)

②I don‘t think it‘s smart.(我认为它不聪明。)

4. What do young people think about places in town?(年轻人是怎样评价镇上的各个地方的?) (1)town作城镇讲时,

前面不加定冠词the,但在city前要加定冠词the.

Eg: It‘s also in the most fun part of town.(它也在镇上最有趣的地方。)

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(2)think about(考虑),其中的about是一个介词,若后接动词,需用动名词形式。

Eg: I‘m thinking about having a meeting.(我正考虑举行一次聚会。) )

6. It plays the most interesting piano music.(它播放的音乐最有趣。)

7. He played a beautiful piano piece.(他弹奏了一段优美的钢琴曲。)

8. He danced without music.(他在没有音乐的情况下跳舞的。)

without 介词(无,没有),后接名词或动名词。与with的用法相同。

Eg: ①Fish can‘t live without water.(没有水,鱼不能生存。)

②He went out without saying a word.(他一句话没说就出去了。)

9. The prize for the funniest act went to Steve Tian and his dog, Fido.(Steve Tian 和他的狗 Fido夺走了―最幽默的演员‖

奖。)

10. Tourist need to wear warm clothes.(游客需要穿着保暖的衣服。)

(1) need to do sth(需要做某事。)

Eg: We need to clean the house.(我们需要打扫屋子。)

(2) ①wear强调一种状态,译为―穿着‖;

Eg: He is wearing a suit of sports clothes today.(他今天穿着一套运动服。)

②put on强调动作,译为―穿上‖。

Eg: Please put on your sports shoes.(请穿上运动鞋。)

云峰初中八年级(下)英语知识点

Unit 1 Will people have robots?

一、单词和短语

won‘t == will not paper(纸,不可数名词) a piece of paper(一张纸) paper(书面作业,考卷,可数名词) pollution(污染,不可数名词) less pollution(较少的污染) fly(飞行)—flew(过去式) take—took(过去

式) fall(落下,跌落)—fell(过去式) feel(感到,觉得)—felt(过去式) write(写)—wrote(过去式) come(来)—came(过去式) think(想,认为)—thought(过去式) possible(可能的)—impossible(不可能的) pleasant(使人愉快的)—unpleasant(使人不愉快的) everywhere == here and there there will be(将会有) in one‘s home(在某人的家里) at home(在家里) on computers(在电脑上,通过电脑) live to be…years old(活到……岁) in 100 years(100年以后) be in high school(在上高中) fly rockets(驾火箭) fly a plane(开飞机) fly the kites(放风筝)

on a space station(在太空站) fall in love with…(爱上……) live alone(独自居住)

go skating(去滑冰) be able to do sth(会做某事,有能力做某事) dress casually(穿得随意) go on vacation(去度假) go to…on vacation(去……度假)

for fun(取乐,消遣) the World Cup(世界杯) come true(实现) the head of…(……的头领) in the future(未来,将来) in future(今后) one‘s own(某人自己的) on one‘s own(独立地,靠自己地) == by oneself(单独地,独自地) hundreds of(大量,好几百的,成百上千的) thousands of(好几千的,成千上万的)

make / have / let sb do sth(使 / 让某人做某事) wake up(醒来) wake sb up(叫醒某人) over and over again(再三地,反复地)

二、句子

1. People will have robots in their homes.(人们将会有机器人在他们家里。)

will是一个情态动词,后接动词原形,用于各种人称的单复数形式。常用来表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态,常与表示将来的时间状语连用,如:tomorrow, next week, in the future等。

含有情态动词(can, may, must, would, should, will等 )的句子,变成否定句时,直接在情态动词后面加上not ( will not=won‘t );变成一般疑问句时,直接将情态动词提到句首。

Eg:① People won‘t have robots in their homes.(否定句。)

②Will people have robots in their homes?(一般疑问句。)

--Yes, they will. (No, they won‘t)

2. People won‘t use money. Everything will be (人们将不用钱,每件东西都是免费的。)

(1)everyone(每个人),everything(每件事物), everybody(每个人)作主语时,谓语动词都用单数形式。

Eg: Everything is OK.(一切都好。)

Everybody gets tired sometimes.(有时候每个人都感到疲倦。)

(2)use / / 动词:使用;use up(用光,用尽)

use / / 名词,使用,用途,用法。

①make (full) use of… (充分)利用……

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Eg: We should make full use of time.(我们应该充分利用时间。)

②It‘s no use doing sth (做某事没有用) Eg: It‘s no use crying.(哭是没有用的。)

3. Will people use money in 100 years? (100年以后,人们还会用钱吗?)

―in+一段时间‖表示以现在的时间为起点,一段时间以后。用于一般将来时。

Eg: I will be a high school student in two years.(两年后我将是一名高中生。)

―after+一段时间‖表示从过去某时间起一段时间之后,所以它常与过去事态连用。

Eg: He came back after two days.(两天后,他回来了。)

after后面可以接时间点,in 后面不能接时间点。当after指某个特定的未来时刻或日期之后,或指以将来某一时间为起点的若干时间之后时,它可以和将来时态连用。

Eg: I‘ll be free after Friday.(我星期五之后有空。)

He‘ll be back after three o‘clock.

4. There will be more people.(将会有更多的人。) more是many(修饰可数名词复数)、much(修饰不可数名词)的比较级。所以more既可以修饰可数名词复数形式,也可以修饰不可数名词。

5.There will be less free time.(将回有较少的自由时间。)

less是little的比较级,less和little都只能修饰不可数名词。 little(表示否定,意为几乎没有。)

a little(表示肯定,意为有点。)

6.There will be fewer trees.(将会有更少的树。)

fewer是few的比较级。fewer和few都用于修饰可数名词复数形式。few(表示否定,几乎没有), a few(表示肯定,意为有几个…。)

7. What do you think Sally will be in five years?(你认为Sally5年后将成为什么?)

这是一个含有宾语从句的特殊疑问句。当主句的谓语是think, believe等,从句是一个特殊疑问句时,特殊疑问词应放在主句之前。

Eg: Do you think what sally will be in five years?(错误)

Do you think who is that man? (错误)

Who do you think is that man. (正确)

8. As a reporter, I think I will meet lots of interesting people.(作为一名记者,我想我会遇到很多有趣的人。)

9. I don‘t like living alone.(我不喜欢一个人住。)

alone(副词:单独地;孤独地); lonely(形容词:孤单的)

Eg: He lives alone, but he doesn‘t feel lonely.(他独自一人住,但他并不感到寂寞。)

10. So in ten years, I‘ll have many different pets.(因此,10年后,我会有许多不同的宠物)different 形容词,不同的。当修饰可数名词时,要用复数形式。

Eg: New robots will have many different shapes.(新机器人会有不同的形状。)

11. I might even keep a pet parrot.(我甚至可能养一只宠物鹦鹉。)

might是may的过去式,但这里并不表示过去;表示一种可能性不是很大的推测,may 和might都可以表示推测,译为―或许‖、―可能‖。might的可能性小于may.

12. What will the weather be like tomorrow? == How will the weather be tomorrow?(明天天气如何?)

13. What will teenagers do for fun twenty years from now.(从现在算起,20年后青少年们会做什么来娱乐呢?) for fun (娱乐;取乐;消遣)

Eg: I‘m learning to cook, just for fun.(我正在学做饭,做着玩而已。)

预测未来可能很困难。) can表示推测,译为―可能。‖

be able to不能用于表推测。

在阳光下看书对眼睛有害。) 动词不能作为主语,需把动词变为动名词时,才能作为主语。

15. There are many famous predictions that never came true.(有许多著名的预测从来没有实现。)

16. The head of one of the biggest movie companies in the United States predicted that no one would want to see actors talk.(美国最大的一个电影公司的首领预测没有想要看到演员说话。)在宾语从句中,如果主句是一般现在时态,从句可根据实际情况确定时态;如果主句是过去时态,从句也必须使用表示过去的某种时态。

17. He thought that computers would never be used by most people.(他认为电脑将永远不会被大多数人使用。)

18.They help with the housework and do the most unpleasant jobs. (他们帮着做家务和做最令人不愉快的工作。)

19. Japanese companies have already made robots walk and dance. This kind of robot will also be fun to watch.(日本的公司已经能使机器人走路和跳舞了。这种机器人看起来也有趣。) have made中的have是现在完成时态(have / has +动 - 28 -

词的过去分词)中的助动词,无实意。

20. That may not seem possible now.== That may seem impossible now.(现在,那似乎不可能。)

seem的用法:①seem (to be) +形容词(似乎……) 或seem (to be) +名词(好象是……)

Eg: He seems (to be ) happy. (他似乎很快乐。)

They seem students.(他们好象是学生。)

②seem to do sth(似乎做某事)

③It seems that+从句 Eg: It seems that he is happy.(他似乎很高兴。)

④It seems as if+从句(看起来……) Eg: It seems as if it is going to rain.(看起来要下雨了。)

Unit 2 What should I do?

一、单词和短语

argue with sb == have an argument with sb(与某人争吵) argue with sb about sth(关于某事与某人争吵) out of style(过时的,不时髦的) in style(时髦的,流行的) What‘s wrong? == What‘s the matter? == What‘s the trouble? ==What‘s the problem?(怎么了?) write sb a letter == write a letter to sb == write to sb(给某人写信) get a letter from sb ==hear from sb(收到某人的来信) call sb up(给某人打电话) give sb sth == give sth to sb(把某物给某人) a ticket to…(一张……的票) in surprise(惊奇地) to one‘s surprise(使某人吃惊的是) on the phone(在通话) need to do sth(需要做某事) pay for sth(付买某物的钱) a part—time job(一份兼职工作) borrow sth from sb(向某人借某物) lend sth to sb(把某物借给某人) ask for sth(索要某物,要求得到某物) ask sb for sth(向某人要某物) be the same as…(与……相同) tell sb (not) to do sth(告诉某人(别)做某事) find out(发现,查明)

leave sth+介词+地点名词(把某物忘在某地) invite sb to…(邀请某人到……)

be angry with sb(生某人的气) get on(相处,进展) get on well with sb == get along well with sb(与某人相处

得好) have a fight with sb(与某人打架) learn to do sth(学习做某事) take sb to…(把某人带到……) not…until(直到……才) it‘s time for+名词(该做某事了) be like(像) fit…into…(找到时间(做某事)) as…as possible(尽可能……) as much as possible(尽可能多地)

complain about(抱怨……) a mother of three(一位三个孩子的母亲)

compare…with…(把……与……相比较) know about(了解)

on the one hand(一方面) on the other hand(另一方面)

二、句子

1. I don‘t have enough money.(我没有足够的钱。)

enough作形容词―足够的‖,修饰名词时,可以位于名词前面,也可以位于名词后面。

enough作副词―足够地,十分地‖,修饰形容词或其他副词时,只能放在所修饰的形容词或副词之后。

Eg: He is old enough to go to school.(他够大了,可以去上学了。)

The school days are busy enough.(上课的日子已经够忙了。)

2. You should give him a ticket to a ball game. == You should give a ticket to a ball game to him.(你应该给他一张球赛的

票。)

当向别人提出建议时,常用You could do….(你可以……)或You should do….(你应该……)

Why not do….(为什么不做某事呢?) Why don‘t you do .(你为什么不做某事呢?)

Eg: Why not have a try.(为什么不试一试呢?)

3. I need to get some money to pay for summer camp.(我需要挣些钱来付夏令营的费用。)

①pay―付钱,花费金钱‖,主语是人。介词for后面接购买的东西。

常用结构pay some money for sth.

Eg: I paid 300 yuan for the bike.(我花了300元买这辆自行车。)

②spend―花费时间或金钱‖,主语是人。常用结构spend…on sth 或 spend… (in) doing sth

Eg: I spend 300 yuan on the bike. (我花了300元买这辆自行车。)

I spend 2 hours on my homework yesterday.(昨天我花了2个小时来做作业。)

I spend 2 hours in doing my homework yesterday. (昨天我花了2个小时来做作业。)

③take―花费时间‖,常用结构:It takes / took sb some time to do sth.

It took me 2 hours to do my homework yesterday. (昨天我花了2个小时来做作业。)

④cost―花费金钱‖,主语通常是某物。

Eg: The bike cost me 300 yuan.(这辆自行车花了我300元。)

4. He doesn‘t have any money, either.(他也没有钱。)

(1) either―也‖,用于否定句中,常置于句末。

He doesn‘t like skating, either.(他也不喜欢滑冰。)

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(2) either ―两者中,任一的;每一方的。‖

There are many tall building on either side of the street.(街道的两旁都有许多高楼。)

5. I think you should ask your parents for some money.(我认为你应该向你的父母要些钱。)

ask…for…(向……索要……;向……请求……)

Eg: You should ask the police for help.(你应该向警察求助。)

6. I need some money to buy gifts for my family.(我需要一些钱来给我的家人买礼物。)

buy sth for sb == buy sb sth(给某人买东西) (我朋友的衣服比我的更好看。)

(我朋友比我更受欢迎。)

(than―比‖ ①作为连词,后接简单句;②作为介词,后接名词,代词等。)

8. But I just found out that my friends were planning a birthday party for my best friend.(但是,我发现我的朋友们正在为我最好的朋友筹备一次生日聚会。) find out指经过观察,调查把某物或某事查出来,搞清楚,弄明白,多用于复杂而不易直接查出的情况。

9. Everyone else in my class was invited except me.(出我以外,我班上的每一个人都被邀请了。) ① else―其他的‖,常用于疑问词或不定代词之后; other常用在名词前面。

②except―除了……之外‖,表示一种排除关系;

而besides―除了……之外,还有……‖,指包含除去的部分。

Eg: We go to school every day except Saturday and Sunday.(除了星期六和星期天以外,我们每天都去上学。)

I have two dictionaries besides this one.(除了这本字典以外,我还有两本。)

Besides English he did well in Chinese and math.(除了英语,他语文、数学成绩也很好.)

10. (1)I can‘t th (我想不出我那作错了什么。)

What did I do wrong.(我作错了什么?)

(2) You don‘t know你不知道你的身份证在那里。)

Where is your ID card.(你的身份证在那里。)

11. You left your homework at home.(你把你的作业忘在家里了。)

注意:把某物忘在某地了只能用leave sth at / in + 地点 ;而不能用forget sth .

12. I thought I failed my test but I just found out I passed.(我本以为我考试不及格,但是我发现我通过了。)

(1)fail (in)… (在……中失败,其中in可以省略。)

Eg: I passed in math but failed in English.(我数学考过了,但是英语失败了。)

(2) fail to do sth.(未能做某事)

Eg: He failed to work out the problem.(他没能把这道题算出来。)

13. Cathy takes the two boys from football to basketball.(Cathy 把两个男孩从足球场带到篮球场。) take sb to…(把某人带到……);take sb from…to…(把某人从……带到……)

14. The tired children don‘t get home until 7 pm.(这些疲倦的孩子们知道晚上7点钟才回家。) I didn‘t know it until yesterday.(知道昨天我才知道这件事。)

15. The Taylors are like many American and British parents.(泰勒夫妇就像许多美国和英国父母一样。) ―the + 姓氏名词的复数形式‖表示―某一家‖或―某夫妇‖。

16. They try to fit as much as possible into their kids‘ lives.(他们尽可能地适应他们孩子的生活。)

17. They are always comparing them with other children.(他们总是把他们(孩子)与其他孩子相比较。)

18. These children may find it hard to think for themselves when they are older.(当这些孩子长大后, / 独立考虑事情很困难。)

They might find it difficult to plan things for themselves.

固定结构:find it + 形容词 to do sth(发现做某事怎么样)

It‘s + 形容词 to do sth (做某事怎么样)

Eg: I find it easy to learn English well.(我发现学好英语很容易。)

It‘s easy to learn English well.(学好英语是很容易的。)

Unit 3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived?

一、单词和短语

hear(听见)—heard(过去式) ring( 钟,铃等响 )—rang(过去式) tell(告诉)—told(过去式) fly(飞)—flew(过去式) arrive in…(到达大地方) arrive at…(到达小地点) get to…(到达某地) reach…

(到达某地) in front of…(在……的前面) behind…(在……的后面) in the front of…(在……的前部) at the back of…(在……的后部) in the barber‘s chair(在理发师的椅子上)

sleep late(睡懒觉) get out(出去,离开) get out of …(从……出去)

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get into…(进入……) talk on the phone(在通话) the Museum of Flight(航空博物馆) walk down…(沿着……走) call the police(给警察打电话。报警)

take off(脱下衣帽,飞机起飞) shout at sb(对某人喊叫) in the tree(在树上)

on the tree(在树上) take a photo(拍照) ran away(逃跑,跑掉)

sth happen to sb(某人发生…) happen to do sth(碰巧做某事)

fan away from…(从……逃跑) outside the station(在车站外面) think about(考虑,想起) at the doctor‘s(在医生的诊所) in history(历史上) hear about/ of(听说) in silence(成默地) take place(发生)

二、句子

1.–So, what were you doing when the UFO arrived?(哦,当不明飞行物到来时你在做什么?)

--Well, I was standing in front of the library.(噢,我正站在图书馆前面。)

be(was / were) doing为过去进行时的结构,表示过去某个时刻正在进行的动作。

Eg: I was watching TV at nine last night.(昨天晚上9点钟我正在看电视。)

2. (1) The boy was walking down the street when a UFO landed.(当不明飞行物降落时,这个男孩正沿着街道走。)

(2) While the alien was buying a souvenir, the girl called the police.(当外星人在买纪念品的时候,这个女孩报了警。) when和while都可表示“当……时候”,其区别在于:when既可以表示时间点,也可以表示时间段(即when后面可接瞬间动词,也可以接延续性动词。);while只能表示时间段(即while后面只能接延续性动词。)

Eg: I was doing my homework when he knocked at the door.(他敲门的时候,我在做作业。)

While he was eating, I asked him to lend me $2. (当他正在吃饭时,我请他借给我2美元。)

3. A UFO landed right in front of me.(一个不明飞行物恰好降落在我面前。)

4. You can imagine how strange it was!(你可以想象那是多么奇怪啊!)

后面部分―How strange is was!‖是一个感叹句。感叹句的引导词用how 或what,

其区别是:how着重强调形容词或副词;而what着重强调名词。

Eg: How clever a boy he is!(他是一个多么聪明的男孩!)

What a clever boy he is!(他是一个多么聪明的男孩!)

5. I followed it to see where it was going, and I was very surprised when it went into a souvenir shop.(我跟着它去看它要到那里去,我非常惊讶,它走进了一家纪念品商店。)

surprised adj. 感到惊讶的; 如果要表达对……感到惊讶,用be surprised at…

Eg: I am surprised at you.(我对你的举动感到惊讶。)

I was surprised at seeing him there.(在那里见到他,我感到惊讶。)

5. Isn‘t that amazing!(那不令人惊奇吗?)这是一个否定疑问句,要注意它的两种回答的含义。 Yes, it is.(不,它令人惊奇,) / No, it isn‘t.(是的,它不另人惊奇。)

6. You are kidding!(你在开玩笑! / 你在骗人吧!)

7. I saw a cat in a tree.(我看见一只猫在树上。)

in the tree―在树上‖,指外来人或物在树上。 on the tree―在树上‖,指树上本身长的东西在树上。

8. While Linda was talking on the phone, Davy met another dog outside the station.(当琳达在打电话的时候,戴维在车站外面遇到了另一只狗。) (1)another―另一的,又一的。‖当要表示另外几个,还要几个时,常用another +数词 == 数词 +more

Eg: We need another two chairs. ==We need two more chairs.(我们还要两张椅子。)

(2)on the phone―在电话中‖ 口语You are wanted on the phone.(有人叫你接电话。)

9. Linda walked around the station and called Davy‘s name.(琳达在车站周围走并叫着戴维的名字,)

10.Beijing was made host for the 2008 Olympics.(北京被选举为2008年奥运会的主办者。)

11.Although some people may not remember who murdered him, they remember what they were doing when they heard about the event.(虽然一些人可能不记得是谁谋杀了他(马丁·路德·金),但是他们记得当他们听说这个事件时,他们正在干什么。)

12. Robert Allen is now over 40.(罗伯特现在40多岁了。)over==more than(超过)

13. We were having fun in the playground when the bell rang. Our teacher asked us to stop what we were doing and listen.(当铃声响起的时候,我们正在操场上玩得高兴。老师叫我们停下我们正在做的事,听(他讲)。)

have fun(玩得高兴) have fun doing sth(做某事很开心)

14. Robert and his friends walked home together in silence.(罗伯特和他的朋友一起成默地走回了家。)

15. Not all events in history are as terrible as this.(在历史上,并不是所有的事件都如着件事一样可怕。)

16. His flight around the Earth lasted about 22 hours.(他环绕地球的飞行持续了22个小时。)

Unit 4 He said I was hard-working.

一、单词和短语

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danger(n. 危险) dangerous( adj. 危险的) safety(n. 安全) safe(adj.安全的) in safety(处于安全中) in danger(处于危险中) out of danger(脱离危险) ever since(自那时到现在) for ever(永远)

be mad at sb(生某人的气) not…anymore(不再) first of all(首先,第一) pass sth to sb == pass sb sth(把…递给某人) take a message for sb(给某人捎个口信) pass on(传递) work on(从事) be supposed to do sth(被要求做某事,应该做某事)

be in good health == be healthy == fit(身体健康) end-of-year exam(年终考试) have a hard time with…(在某方面很困难) be surprised to do sth(做某事很惊奇)

be surprised at…(对……感到惊奇) one‘s own(某人自己的)

a one—year program(一个为期一年的活动) sea level(海平面)

二、句子

1. She said, ― I‘m having a surprise party for Lara on Friday night.‖(直接引语)

She said she was having a surprise party for Lara on Friday night.(间接引语)

直接引述别人的话,叫―直接引语‖。直接引语一般前后要加引号。用自己的话转述别人的话,叫―间接引语‖。间接引语在多数情况下构成宾语从句,间接引语不用引号。

Eg: He said, ― I go to the beach every Saturday. ‖(直接引语)

He said he went to the beach every Saturday.(间接引语)

如果主句的谓语动词是现在时,从句的时态则无需变化。如果主句的谓语动词是一般过去时,直接引语变为间接引语

Eg: He said, ― Light travels much faster than sound.‖他说:―光的传播速度比声音快得多。‖

He said light travels much faster than sound.(他说光的传播速度比声音快得多。)

She said, ― The earth moves around the sun. ‖(她说:―地球围绕太阳转。‖)

She said the earth moves around the sun.(她说地球围绕太阳转。)

2. Lana said she wasn‘t mad at Marcia anymore.(拉娜说她不再生马西娅的气了。)

not…anymore―不再‖

Eg: She didn‘t want to be my friend anymore.(她不想再成为我的好朋友了。)

He will not see you anymore.(他再不会看见你了。)

3. First of all, Marcia told Ben she was having a surprise party for Lana.(首先,马西娅告诉本她要为拉娜举办一次惊喜晚

会。)

(1)first of all―首先,第一‖用于说明事物排列顺序时,强调重要性。

(2)at first―最初,起初‖暗示后来情况有所变化。

Eg: At first it was very hot, but then it got cool.(起初,天气非常热,但后来变凉了。)

(3) first―首先,第一‖用于列举所做事的顺序,有时可与first of all想替换。

4. You want B to pass this message to C.(你想要B把这个信息带给C。)

5. A calls you with a message for C.(A给你打电话,叫你转达一个信息给C。)

6. You are supposed to meet at the bus stop this morning to return it.(为了归还它(夹克衫),你们今天早上应该在车站见面。) be supposed to do sth―被期望 / 被要求 / 应该做某事‖

Eg: Everybody is supposed to know the law, but few people do.(人人都应该懂法律,但很少有人懂。)

7. In English, I‘m better at reading than listening.(在英语方面,我的阅读比听力好。)

8. I can do better in math.(在数学方面,我能做的更好。)

9. I hope you are in good health.(我希望您身体健康。)

10. I finished my end-of-year exams last week.(上周,我考完了期末考试。)

finish―完成‖,如果要表达―做完某事‖要用―finish doing sth‖。

Eg: I finished writing the book a month ago.(我一个月之前就写完了这本书。)

10. I had a really hard time with science this semester.(这学期我确实在科学方面学得很艰难。)

11. It‘s just that I find science really difficult.(事实上,我发现科学课真的很难。)

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12. It all started when she asked me if she could copy my homework.(

(作业)。)

15. Teaching high school students in a poor mountain village in Gansu Province may not sound like fun to you.(在甘肃省贫困山区的一个小山村教书对于你来说听起来可能没有什么乐趣。 )

16. The program was started by the Ministry of Education and the Chinese Young Pioneers.(这个活动是由教育部和中国少年先锋队联合创办的。)

17. Her village was 2,000 meters above sea level, and at first the thin air made her feel sick.(她所在的小村庄在海拔2000米以上,刚开始稀薄的空气使她感到恶心。)

18. I can open up my students‘ eyes to the outside world and give them a good start in life.(我能打开我学生的眼界去了解外面的世界,并给他们的人生创造一个良好的开端。)

19. She said she would return to the area after finishing her studies.(她说在她完成了她的学业以后,她将回到这个地区。)

Unit 5 If you go to the party, you’ll have a good time!

一、短语

have a great / good / nice / wonderful time(玩得高兴) have fun(玩得高兴) enjoy oneself(玩得高兴) let sb in(让某人进) study for the test(为准备考试而学习) end of year party(年终聚会) the rules for…(……的规则) take away(拿走) around / all over the world(遍及全世界) go to college(上大学) make money(挣钱) be famous for…(因为……而出名) be famous as…(作为……而出名)

be famous to…(闻名于……) get an education(受教育) make a living(谋生) make a living (by) doing sth(做某事来谋生) all the time(总是,一直)

get injured(受伤) have a difficul time doing sth(做某事很困难)

二、句子

1. ①–I think I‘m going to go to the party with Karen and Ann.(我想我将与凯伦和安一起去参加聚会。)

--If you do, you‘ll have a great time.(如果你和他们两个一起去,你会玩得非常愉快。)

②--I think I‘m going to wear jeans to the party.(我想我将穿牛仔裤去参加晚会。)

--If you do, the teachers won‘t let you in.(如果你穿牛仔裤,老师将不让你进去。)

这是由if引导的条件状语从句,表示―在……条件下某事就会发生‖。在含有if引导的条件状语从句的复和句中,主句用一般将来时(will +动词原形),if引导的条件句用一般现在时(主语+动词原形/ 动词的第三人称单数形式)。 Eg: If he has time, he‘ll come.== He‘ll come if he has time. (如果他有时间,他会来。)

If you study, you‘ll pass the exam.(如果你努力学习,就会通过考试。)

If it doesn‘t rain tomorrow, we‘ll go hiking.(如果明天不下雨,我们将去远足。)

[注意]when, as soon as, while, until等引导的时间状语从句,如果主句用一般将来时,此类状语从句与if引导的状语从句一样,也应该用一般现在时。

Eg: I‘ll call you as soon as I get to Beijing..(我一到北京,就给你打电话。)

2. –What will happen if they have the party today?(如果他们今天举办晚会,将会出现什么情况?)

--Half the class won‘t come.(将有一半的同学不会来。)half the class= half of the class

(何时是举办晚会的好时候?)

(吃早饭的时间多有趣呀!)

4. I want you to remember the rules for school parties.(我想让大家记住学校晚会的规定。)

(1)want sb to do sth(想要某人做某事。)

Eg: I want you to give me a hand.(我想让你帮我一下。)

(2)remember to do sth(记住去做某事);remember doing sth(记得曾经做过某事)

Eg: ①Remember to see them when you arrive there.(你到那儿后记着去看他们。)

②I remember hearing the story somewhere.(我记得曾在哪里听过这个故事。)

5. Don‘t bring friends from other schools. If you do, the teachers will ask them to leave.(不准把外校的朋友带来。如果带来了,老师回请他们离开。)

ask sb (not) to do sth ―叫某人(不)做某事‖

6. --I‘m going to the school party.(我准备去参加学校的晚会。)

--Me, too. (或So am I.)(我也准备去。)

Me, too.―我也是‖。表示前者情况同后者。也可以用―So + be / 情态动词 / 助动词 +主语‖表示。

Eg: ① --She can play the piano.(她会弹钢琴。) --So can I.(我也会)

②--She likes surfing the Internet.(她喜欢上网。) -- So do I.(我也喜欢。)

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7. You‘ll be famous.(你将出名。) (1) be famous for…(以 / 因……而出名)

(2)be famous as…(作为……而出名) (3) be famous to(闻名于……)

Eg: China is famous for the Great Wall.(中国因长城出名。)

Liu Huan is famous as a singer.(刘欢作为一名歌手而出名。)

The Great Wall is famous to the world.(长城闻名世界。) (对于许多年轻人来说,成为一名职业运动员似乎是一个理想的工作。)

9.You‘ll be able to making a living doing something you love.(你就可以做你喜欢的事情来谋生。)

make a living (by) doing sth(通过做某事来谋生) make a living as…(因……身份谋生)

Eg: She makes a living by growing flowers.(她靠种花谋生。)

The old man has to make a living by selling second-hand books.(这个老人不得不靠卖二手书来谋生。)

He makes a living as a writer.(他靠写作谋生。) (如果你出名了,全世界的人都会认识你。) (许多职业运动员做很多事情来帮助人们。)

12. This can make life difficult.(这可能使生活困难。)

(1)make sb do sth(使某人做某事) (2)make sb / sth + 形容词(使某人怎么样)

Eg: It makes us happy when he comes to see us.(他来看我们使我们感到快乐。) (如果你富有了,你就很难知道谁是你真正的朋友。)

have a different / hard time doing sth―做某事费劲,困难‖

Eg: He has a difficult time learning English.(他学英语很吃力。)

I had a difficult time finding an apartment.(我找到一所公寓很困难。)

Unit 6 How long have you been collecting shells?

一、单词和短语

collect(v.收集)—collector(n收集者.) a pair of…(一对,一双…… ;a pair of…作主语时,谓语动词的数与pair的数保持一致 ) talk to / with sb(与/和某人谈话)

raise money(筹集资金) the first one to do sth(第一个做某事的人) would like to do sth(想要做某事) thanks for doing sth(谢谢你做了某事) in fact(事实上) my favorite(我的最爱) run out of(用完,耗尽) by the way(顺便一说)

the most common(最普通的) the most interesting(最有趣的) the most unusual(最不寻常的) start / begin to do sth(开始做某事) start / begin doing sth(开始做某事) win the first prize(获得一等奖) be interested in…(对……感兴趣)

have / take interest in…(对……感兴趣) think of(想起) make a list(列表)

the capital of…(……的首都/省会) in…style(具有……的风格) in style(流行的,时髦的) thousands of(好几千的,成千上万的) learn about(了解) enjoy doing sth(喜欢做某事) be certain(相信) three and a half years==three years and a half(三年半) far away(在远处) far (away) from…(远离……) all around(四处,到处)

二、句子

1.(1)(我滑冰滑了五个小时了。)

(2)I have been skating since nine o‘clock.(我从九点种起就在滑冰。)

―have / has been doing‖为现在完成进行时的构成,表示某一动作从过去开始一直持续到现在,很可能将持续下去。常与since和for引导的时间状语连用。since后接时间―点‖或一个过去时的句子;for后接时间―段‖。

Eg: ①He has been reading / )

在滑冰。)

3. The skating marathon has been going for five hours now.(现在,滑冰马拉松赛已经进行了5个小时了。)

4. Alison was the first one to start and has been skating for the whole five hours.(艾利森是第一个开始的并且滑了整整5个小时了。)

sb is / was the first one to do sth (某人是第一个做某事的人)

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Eg: He is the first one to leave here.(他是第一个离开这里的人。)

5. Thanks for sending me the snow globe of the monster.(谢谢你送给我的这个怪物雪花球。)

thanks for…== thank you for…后接名词或动名词

Eg: Thanks for inviting me.(谢谢你邀请了我们。)

6. Now I have 226 of them.(现在我有226个雪花球了。)

7. My mom says I have to stop, because we‘ve run out of room to store them.(我妈妈说我得停下来,因为我们已经用尽了空间来存放它们。)room为―空间‖时,不可数。

8. The first one I ever got was a birthday cake snow globe on my seventh birthday.(我得到的第一个雪花球是一个生日蛋糕雪球,是在我七岁生日那天收到的。)

9. I have a big one with bears in it and another one with penguins.(我有一个里面有熊的大球,还有一个里面有企鹅的。)with短语在句中做定语,有时也做状语。

Eg: ①He live in the house with trees around it.(他住在那座绿树环绕的房子里。)

②He lives in the house with a river in front of it.(他住在一所前面有条河的房子里。)

③He sleeps with the windows open.(他开着窗户睡觉。)

④The streets look more beautiful with all the lights on.(所有的灯都亮着,街道显得更漂亮。)

10. My hobby is collecting old coins.(我的爱好是收集古币。)

11.I didn‘t finish writing my test because I ran out of time.(我没有写完试卷,因为我时间不够。)

12. To get the job, please answer these four questions.(为了得到这份工作,请回答这四个问题。) 也可以用in order to +

动词原形表示目的。

13. I am interested in the job as a writer.(我对作家这份工作很感兴趣。)

14. This is an interesting city with a very colorful history.(这是一个具有辉煌历史的有趣的城市。)

15. There is some European influence in the city, and some of the old buildings in Harbin are in Russian style.(这个城市受

到一些欧洲的影响,并且哈尔摈的很多古老的建筑具有俄国的风格。)

16. It was very interesting for me to learn that a lot of Jews came to live in Harbin many years ago.(对于我来说,了解到很

多年前许多犹太人来到哈尔滨居住是有趣的。)

It is / was …for sb to do sth(对于某人来说做某事是……的)

Eg: It is not easy for him to master a second language.(对于他来说,掌握第二门语言是不容易的。)

17. In fact, the first Jews probably came to Kaifeng more than a thousand years ago and were welcomed by the Song Emperor.

(实际上,第一批犹太人大概是一千多年前就来到开封的,并且受到了宋朝皇帝的欢迎。)be welcomed by sb ―受到某人的欢迎‖

Eg: The exchange students were welcomed by the headmaster.(这些交换生受到了校长的欢迎。)

18. My friends in Australia said that Chinese history was very hard to understand.(我在澳大利亚的朋友说中国历史非常难

懂。)

19. For a foreigner like me, the more I learn about Chinese history, the more I enjoy living in China.(对于一个像我这样的

外国人来说,我越了解中国历史,就越喜欢住在中国。) ―the +比较级…, the + 比较级……‖ 表示―越……,就越……‖。

Eg: ①The more careless you are, the more mistakes you will make.(你越粗心,就越容易出错。)

②The busier he is, the happier he feels.(他越忙,就越感到快乐。)

―比较级 and 比较级‖ 表示―越来越……‖Eg: more and more better and better

20. I‘m certain I will be here for the Olympic Games in 2008.(我确信在2008年奥运会时,我一定在这儿。)

certain adj.―确定的,无疑的‖常用于 ① be certain to do sth (肯定要做某事)

Eg: He is certain to pass his exam.(他一定会通过考试。)

②be certain that + 从句 (一定……)

Eg:I am certain we will pass the exam.(我相信我们一定能通过考试。)

③be certain of / about sth―肯定 / 确信……‖ ④be certain of doing sth―有把握做某事‖

Unit 7 Would you mind turning down the music?

一、单词和短语

bring(带来)—brought(过去式) buy(买)—bought(过去式) break(打破)—broke(过去式)—broken(过去分词) waiter(男服务生)—waitress(女服务生)

actor(男演员)—actress(女演员) polite(有礼貌的)—impolite(无理的,粗鲁的) comfortable(舒服

的)—uncomfortable(不舒服的) mind (not) doing sth [介意(不)做某事] mind one‘s doing sth(介意某人做某事) turn down(把……调低,关小) turn up(把……调高,开大) turn on(打开电器等) turn off(关掉电器等) not at all / not…at all(一点也不) right away == in a minute== at once ==right now(立刻,马上) do / wash the dishes - 35 -

(洗餐具) get out (of…) [(从……)出来] put on(穿上衣服鞋、帽等;上演) at a meeting(在开会) cook dinner ==make dinner(做晚餐)

return sth to… == give sth back to…(把某物还给……) no problem(没问题)

what sb said(某人所说的) wait in line(排队等候) cut in line(插队)

follow sb around(处处跟随某人) get annoyed == be annoyed(生气) be excited to do sth(做某事激动) keep down(控制,抑制) some time(一段时间) English—speaking(说英语的) seem like(似乎,好象) even if(即使) in public(公开地,当众) take care (not) to do sth(小心(不)做某事) put out(熄灭)

二、句子

1.—Would you mind turning down the music?(你介意把音乐关小一点吗?)

--No, not at all.(不,一点都不。)

Would you mind (not) doing…?或Would you mind one‘s doing…?是用来客气地提出请求、要求的句型。

回答用:No, not at all.(不,一点也不。) / Certainly not.(当然不介意。)

或You‘d better not.(你最好别做。) / I am afraid you can‘t.(恐怕你不能做。)

2.—Nick, Would you mind not wearing those old jeans? They look terrible. (Nick,你介意别穿那条旧牛仔裤吗?它们看起来很糟糕。)

--OK. I‘ll put on another pair.(好,我将另外穿一条。)

wear强调状态,意为―穿着‖

put on 强调动作,意为―穿上(衣服、鞋子、帽子等);另外还表示上演。‖

Eg:This film will be put on next Sunday.(这部电影将在下个星期天上演。)

3.—Could you please wash the dishes?(请你洗一下餐具,好吗?)

--OK, I‘ll do them in a minute.(好,我马上就洗。)

Could you please + do…?(请问你能做某事吗?)也用来委婉地请求某人做某事。

4. Please return the book to the library.==Please give the book back to the library.(请把这本书还到图书馆。)return ①归还== give…back ②回来== come back

5. You have to help me make dinner. (你得帮我做晚餐。)

Could you help me with my homework?(你能帮助我完成作业吗?)

help sb (to) do sth(帮助某人做某事) help sb with sth(在某方面帮助某人) (你买的钢笔不能用了。you bought作为定语,修饰the pen。)

7. I can‘t stand it! (我不能忍受了!) stand作为―容忍、忍受‖时,常用于否定句和疑问句中,后接名词、代词或动名词做宾语。(无法忍受做某事)

can‘t stand doing sth can‘t stand sb doing sth(无法忍受某人做某事)

8. This happens to me all the time in the school library.(在学校的图书馆里,这样的事总是发生在我身上。)happen指(偶然)发生,常用于:sth happen to sb

9. I‘m going to be 我将会晚一点(到),你能叫出租车司机等5分钟吗?)

10. I don‘t know the way to the sports club. Can I follow you?(我不知道去体育俱乐部的路(怎么走)。我能跟着你吗?) the way to… (去……的路)

11. You must be excited to be in a new house.(住进新房子,你一定很激动吧。)

12. This may seem like a difficult word at first, but it can be very useful to understand.(起初这似乎是一个很难的单词,但理解它是非常有用的。) 在一些亚洲国家和别人说话的时侯,与对方站得很近是相当正常的。)

14. There are other places where talking loudly is not allowed.(也有其它的不允许大声说话的地方。) 这里的where引导一个修饰地点的定语从句。

15. We should also take care not to cough or sneeze loudly in public.(我们也应该注意在公共场合不要大声咳嗽或打喷嚏。)

16. Perhaps one of the most polite ways is to ask someone, Would you mind doing this or Would you mind not doing that. (也许最有礼貌的方式之一就是问某人,你介意做这个或你不介意做哪个吗。)

17.We have to be careful how we do this.(我们得注意怎样去做。)

Unit 8 Why don’t you get her a scarf ?

一、单词和短语:

mouse(老鼠)—mice(复数) child(孩子)—children(复数,孩子们) advantage(优点,有利条件)—disadvantage(缺点,不利条件) give(给)—gave(过去式)—given(过去分词) cost(价值;花多少钱)—cost(过 - 36 -

去式) choose(选择)—chose(过去式)—chosen(过去分词) expensive(昂贵的)—inexpensive(反义词) sing(唱)—sang(过去式) get / buy sb sth = get / buy sth for sb(为某人买某物) make sb sth==make sth for sb(为某人制作某物) special enough(足够特别)

creative enough(足够有创造力) be easy to take care of(易于照顾)

a 6—year—old child(一个6岁的孩子) an 8—year—old child(一个8岁的孩子)

these days==at present(现目前) fall asleep==go to sleep(入睡) make sb do sth(使某人做某事) make sb + 名词(使某人当什么) make sb +形容词(使某人怎么样) give away(赠送,分发) someone else(其他的某个人) pay for sth(花钱买某物) pay some money for sth(花多少钱买某物) pay sb some money for sth

(付给某人多少钱买某物) rather than(而不是) prefer to do sth rather than do sth(宁愿做某事而不愿做某事) learn to do sth(学习做某事) in different ways(以不同的方式) from across China(来自全中国) all over China(遍及全中国) encourage sb to do sth(鼓励某人做某事) make (great)progress 取得(很大的)进步 the Olympic Committee (奥林匹克委员会) have fun with sth (在某事中获得乐趣 ) hear of(听说)

have fun doing sth(做某事有乐趣) take an interest in…==be interested in…(对……感兴趣) make friends with…(与……交朋友)

二、句子

1.Why don‘t you ? = Why not get her a scarf ?(为什么不给她买一条围巾呢?) get:①得到 ②变得:相当于 become ③买= buy

Why don‘t you do sth ? = Why not do sth ? (为什么不做某事呢?)是用来向对方提出建议或征求意见的一种常用句型。向对方提建议的句式还有:

What / How about doing sth ? Let‘s do sth ? You‘d better do sth ?

2. What a lucky guy != How lucky a guy !(多么幸运的家伙啊! )

感叹句的引导词有两个,What 和 How,其中What强调名词;How则侧重于强调形容词或副词。

Eg:(1)!!

(2)How pretty your dress is ! Where did you get it ?

3. —I think a dog is a good pet for a 6—year—old child.(我认为对于一个6岁大的孩子来说狗是一个好的宠物。) —Really ?I don‘t agree. Dogs are too difficult to take care of .(真的吗?我不同意,狗照顾起来很困难。)

4. He has a pot--bellied pig named Connie.(他有一个名叫Connie的大肚猪。)

5. ―Pot—bellied pigs make the best pets,‖ said David. (―大肚猪变成 / 成为最好的宠物,‖David说。)

6. Now she‘s too big to sleep in the house. (现在它太大了,不能在屋子里睡觉。)

too… to …(太……而不能……) Eg:I‘m too tried to walk on.(我累得走不动了。)

7. His mother is going to make a special meal for him.(他妈妈打算给他做一顿特别的饭。)

make sb sth = make sth for sb (为某人制作某物)

Eg:①I made her a special pig house. = I made a special pig house for her.(我为他造了一个专门的猪圈。)

②My mother made me a pair of shoes.== My mother made a pair of shoes for me.(我妈妈为我做了一双鞋。)

8.The movie was boring. I fell asleep half way through it. (这部电影很无聊,放映了一半时我就睡着了。)

9.It is enough to make her very happy. (这足以使她感到很高兴。)

10. Later,the same gift may be given away to someone else.(后来,同样的礼物可能会赠送给其他的人。)

11. In the USA,some people ask their families and friends to give money to charity rather

than buy them gifts.(在美国,一些人叫他们的家人和朋友捐钱给慈善机构而不是给他们买礼物。)rather than意为―而不是‖,其前后常为并列结构。

12. People don‘t need to spend too much money. Instead,making a meal is enough.(人们不必花太多的钱,取而代之的是做一顿饭就够了。)

instead 副词,―代替,而不是‖,通常位于句首或句末。通常不译出。

Eg:I don‘t like milk, give me some apple juice instead.(我不喜欢牛奶,请给我一些苹果汁。)He never studies. Instead, he plays tennis all day.(他从来不学习,整天打网球。)

instead of 意为―代替。而不是‖是一个介词短语。后面通常接名词、代词、形容词等。

Eg:①I went to the party instead of him.(我代替他去参加了聚会。)

②He played the whole afternoon instead of doing his homework.. (他玩了一下午,而没有做作业。) (中国将是2008)

the host for ……的主持人 (有些歌手能把英语歌曲唱得与以英语为母语的人一样好。) )

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16. Singing English songs made her more interested in learning English .(唱英语歌曲使她对英语更感兴趣。)singing English songs是动名词短语作为主语

17. This kind of contest encourages people in China to speak English.(这种比赛鼓励在中国的人说英语。) encourage sb to do sth(鼓励某人做某事)

18. He agrees that it is a good idea to have fun with English.(他同意在英语中获得乐趣是一个好主意。)

19. Beside singing English songs,there are many other fun ways to learn English.(除了唱英语歌曲以外,还有许多其他的有趣的学英语的方法。)

besides―除……之外,还有……‖besides所修饰的人或物包括在内。

Eg:Besides math homework, you should hand in your English homework. (除了数学作业以外,你还应该交上你的英语作业。)

Except―除了……之外,其余都……‖except所修饰的人或物被排除在外,不与大多数一致。 All the students went to the park except Jack.(除Jack外,所有学生都去了公园。)

Unit 9 Have you ever been to an amusement park?

一、单词和短语

southeast(东南) southwest(西南) northeast(东北) northwest(西北)

have / has been in…(在……呆了多久,后常接时间段) have / has been to…(曾经去过……) have /has done to…(到……去了,还没回来) water world(水上世界) end up(以…结束;结果为…;意外到达…) travel to +地点名词(到某地旅游) travel all over the world(旅游全世界) such as(比如,例如) take / have a holiday(度假) three quarters(四分之三) one fifth(五分之一) three fifths(五分之三)

two thirds(三分之二) have problem / difficulty / trouble (in) doing sth(做某事很费劲) (做某事很困难) all year round(一年到头。终年) close to…(离……近) be far from…(离……远) take a ride(乘骑)

take a ride on the boat(坐船)

二、句子

1.本单元的语法重点是现在完成时,现在完成时由―助动词have(has)+ 动词的过去分词‖构成。用于表示过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果。

Eg.:I have seen the film. 我看过这部电影。(我了解这部电影的内容。)

2.—Have you ever been to an aquarium ? (你曾去过水族馆吗?)

—Yes,I have. (No,I haven‘t.) 是的,我去过。 (不,我没去过。)

have / has been to + 地名。 表示―曾经去过某地‖

have / has gone to + 地名。 表示―到某地去了‖

have / has been in 表示在某地呆了多长时间,常与时间段连用。

Eg:She has been to Shanghai. (她去过上海。)

She has gone to Shanghai. (她到上海去了。)

Mr Green has been in China for ten years。(格林先生在中国呆了10年了。)

3.—I have been to the zoo a lot of times.(我去过动物园很多次了。)

—Me,too. (so have I )我也是。

I am a student ,so is my sister.(我是一个学生,我妹妹也是。)

I feel happy,so does he. 我高兴,他也高兴。

4. I‘ve never been to a water park.(我从来没去过水上公园。)

Me neither. (或Neither have I.)我也没有。

Neither be / 助动词/情态动词 + 主语 ―某人也不……‖

Eg:—My sister isn‘t good at English.(我姐姐英语不好。)

—Neither am I.(我英语也不好。)

5. And you can see Disney characters walking around Disneyland all the time ! (并且你在迪斯尼乐园里随时都能看到迪斯尼人物到处走动。)see sb ding sth

6. The boats take different routes,but they all end up in the same place. (船都以不同的路线行使,但最终都以同一地点结束。)

end up with(doing)sth 意为―以……作为结束、 以……告终‖

Eg:His birthday party ended up with singing an English song.(他的生日聚会以一首英文歌曲结束。) 务员。) (最重要的条件就是说好英语。)

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8. It was because I could speak English that I got the job.(正是因为我会说英语,所以我得到了这份工作。)这种句型为强调句型。强调句型的结构为:It is / was +被强调部分+that / who+其它,用语强调谓语以外的其他句子成分。 Eg:It was Sunday that I met my English teacher.(我是星期天见到英语老师的。)

It is I who do the real work.(真正做工作的人是我。)

9. I want to travel,especially to English—speaking countries such as the united stales and

Australia.(我想旅游,尤其是到说英语的国家,比如美国和澳大利亚。)

①such as用于列举几个并列的事物,通常是以整体中的部分同类人或事物为例,但其后不能用逗号。

Eg:He knows six languages, such as Chinese and English.

②for example是以整体之中的一个为例来举例说明,其后用逗号。

10. Maybe when I leave school I‘ll (或许当我离开学校的时候,我会考虑当一位英语教师而不是导游。) (这个在东南亚的小岛是一个度假的好地方。) It‘s also a good place (它也是一个你练习英语的好地方。)

12. More than three quarters of the population are Chinese.(超过四分之三的人口都是中国人。)(1)在英语中表达分数时,要注意分子用基数词,分母用序数词;当分子大于1时,分母要用复数形式。

如:one fifth(1/5) three fifths(3/5)

(2)population指人口总数,作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式;当population前有修饰词时,比如分数、百分数,表示一个整体人口中的一部分人,谓语动词用复数形式。

Eg:The population of this city is about 3 million.(这个城市的人口大约是3百万。)

Two thirds of the population of China are farmers.(中国2/3的人口都是农民。)

13. You won‘t have any problem finding rice, noodles, or dumplings.(你将一点不费力就找到米饭、面条或者饺子。) have problem (in)doing sth 做某事费劲 you like India food, western food, or Japanese food, you‘ll find it all in Singapore.(西方食物还是日本食物,你都能在新加坡找到。)

15. At the Night Safari, you can watch these animals in a more natural environment than a normal zoo.(与普通动物园相比,在夜间动物园,你能在一个更自然的环境中观看这些动物。)

Unit 10 It’s a nice day, isn’t it?

一、单词和短语

cross==动词+across ( 穿过,横过 ) ninety(九十)—ninetieth(第九十) look through(浏览) on Saturday night(在星期六晚上) feel like(感觉像,想要)

enjoy doing sth(喜欢做某事) get along / on with sb(与某人相处) get along / on with sth(某事的进展) come along(出现,发生,来到) the ticket for / to…(……的票) think of sb(想起某人) be careful to do sth(小心做某事) tell sb about sth(告诉某人某事) thank-you note(感谢信) for the first timer(第一次)

二、句子

1.(1)-It looks like rain, doesn‘t it?(天看起来要下雨了,不是吗?)

-Yes, it does.(是的,要下雨了。)

(2)-It‘s really windy today, isn‘t it?(今天真正的多风,不是吗?)

-Yes, it is.(是的。)

(3)-You aren‘t Ben‘s sister, are you?(你不是本的姐姐,对吗?)

-Yes, I am.(不,我是。)

本单元的重点是学习反意疑问句,反意疑问句由两部分构成,前一部分是一个陈述句,后一部分是一个附加的简单问句。附加问句由―be动词 / 情态动词 / 助动词 + 代词‖构成。但要注意前肯,后否;或前否,后肯。前后两部分的人称和动词时态要保持一致。

Eg:①He‘s been to Beijing many times, hasn‘t he?

②Tom and Mary study Chinese in China, don‘t they?

③She went to Shanghai yesterday, didn‘t she.

④They didn‘t clean the classroom yesterday, did they?

⑤She can‘t swim, can she? ⑥There is little water in the cup, is there?

⑦Peter hardly had time for concerts at that time, did he?

⑧Let‘s go for a walk, shall we? ⑨Let us go swimming, will you?

2.--He‘s really good, isn‘t he?(他真的很好,不是吗?)

--He sure is.(他的确好。) 此句中的sure用作副词,意为―的确,一定,当然‖,相当于certainly, of course . sure还可作形容词―确信,肯定,有把握‖,常用于:

①be sure of sth(确信…,对…有把握) Eg:I‘m sure of it.(我对这件事有把握。)

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②be sure to do sth(一定 / 务必做某事) Eg: He is sure to come tomorrow.(他明天一定来。)

③be sure +(that) Eg:I‘m sure that he will come tomorrow.((我相信他明天会来。)

3. Do you think it‘ll stop by noon?(你认为它到中午时会停下来吗?)

by表示时间上―在……之前,不迟于…,到…为止‖。

Eg::Can you finish your work by 6pm. (你能在下午6点种之前完成你的工作吗?)

by还可以表示―靠 / 通过某种方式;乘坐交通工具;在……旁边等‖。

4. I hope so. I want to go swimming.(我希望如此,我想去游泳。)

I hope so .(我希望如此。) I think so.(我认为是这样。)

I hope not. (我希望别这样。) I don‘t think so.(我认为不是这样。)

5. It‘s a little hot for me.(对于我来说,有点热。)

6. Two people are looking through books in a bookstore.(两个人正在书店里浏览书。)

Two people looking through books in a bookstore. (两个正在书店里浏览书的人。)

7. Two people waiting to cross a busy street.((两个正等着过繁华的街道的人。)

cross v.横过;穿过, 相当于―动词(如go, run, walk等) +across‖

across和through都是介词,都有―通过‖之意,它们都常与动词一起连用而作为谓语,其区别在于across表示从面上通过,其含义与on有关; through表示从内部通过。其含义与in有关。

Eg:Can you swim across the river?(你能游过这条河吗?)

The train passed through a tunnel.(火车经过了一个隧道。)

8. Their prices are really low, aren‘t they?(他们的价格真的很低,不是吗?)

当表示价格的―高‖或―低‖时,通常用high或low;当表达物品的贵贱时用expensive / (dear)或 cheap。

9. How much did that shirt cost? (那件衬衣价值多少?)

常用语询问物品的价格的句子有:How much do / does / did…cost?(……价值多少?)

How much is/ are …?(……多少钱?) What‘s the price of…?(……的价格是多少?)

10. What do you think of the school?==How don you like the school?(你认为这个学校怎么样?)

11. Sometimes it isn‘t easy being the new kid at school.(有时候,作为一个学校的新生不容易。)it是形式主语,being the new kid这个动名词短语作为真正的主语。

Eg:It‘s no use talking too much without doing anything.(只说不做是没有用的。)

12.I feel like part of the group now.(现在我感觉像是这个团体的一部分了。)

Feel like 还可意为想要,后接名词、代词或动名词。

Eg:I don‘t feel like going out with you.(我不想和你一起出去。)

13. Thanks for showing me the school last week.(谢谢你上周带我看了学校。)

show sb around +sp 表示―带某人参观某地‖

14. I enjoyed meeting Carlos.(我很高兴见到Carlos。) enjoy doing sth

15. Friends like you make it a lot easier to get along in a new place.(像你这样的朋友使我在一个新地方相处起来更容易得多。)

16. I‘ll think of you as we watch the Black Socks win the game.(当我看到黑袜对赢这场比赛的时候,我会想起你。) as―当……的时候‖,强调前后动作同时发生。

Eg: I was coming in as she was going out.(我进来时,她正要出去。)

17. I need some money. I‘m going to look through the newspaper for a holiday job.(我需要一些钱,我打算看报子来找一份假期工作。)

18. Be careful to look both ways before you cross the street.(在你过街道之前,注意看两边的路。)

19. The traffic is very busy at this time.(在这个时候,交通很忙。)

traffic是不可数名词,意为―交通车辆,运输‖,可用much, a lot of, heavy, busy等修饰,表示交通繁忙。

Eg: We got to the cinema late because of the busy / (heavy) traffic.(因为交通繁忙,所以我们到电影院晚了。)

云峰初中九年级英语知识点

Unit 1 How do you study for a test?

一、单词和短语

learn(学习)—learned或learnt(learn的过去式和过去分词)

read aloud(大声朗读) speaking skills(口语技能) writing practice(写作练习)

the best way to do sth == the best way of doing sth(做某事的最好办法)

find sth / sb +adj(发现某人 / 某物怎么样) find doing sth adj (发现做某事怎么样)

find it adj to do sth(发现做某事怎么样) get /be excited about…(对……感到兴奋) end up(以…结束;结果为…;意外到达…) end up with…(以……结束)

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end up doing sth(以做某事结束;结果做……) take/ make notes(做笔记)

keep an English notebook(做英语笔记) make a mistake(犯错,出错)

make misatakes(犯错,出错) by mistake(错误地) mistake…for…(把…误认为…) first of all(首先,第一;常放在句首,用于强调事情的重要性。)

to begin with(首先,第一点;常用来列举原因。) later on(以后,随后)

it doesn‘t matter(没关系) be afraid to do sth(害怕做某事)

be afraid of sb / sth / doing sth(害怕某人 / 某物 / 做某事) take notes(做笔记) have trouble /difficulty / problems (in) doing sth(做某事有困难)

have fun doing sth(做某事有乐趣) make up(编造,组成,拼凑成)

be made up of…(由……组成) around the world == all over the world(遍及全世界) look up(向上看 /查阅、查找) laugh at sb(嘲笑某人) deal with(处理,应付) do with(处理) be angry with sb(生某人的气) go by (指时间)过去;消逝

each other(互相,彼此) try one‘s best(尽某人的最大力)

regard…as…(把…视为…) complain about…(抱怨……)

change…into…(把……变成……) It‘s one‘s duty to do sth(做某事是某人的职责)

with the help of sb==with one‘s help(在某人的帮助下)

compare…with…(把…与…相比较) compare…to…(把…与…相比较 / 把…比作…)

break off (突然中止/中断)

二、句子

1.—How do you study for a test?(你是怎样为考试而学习的?)

--I study by working with a group.(我是通过和小组一起学习的。)

本单元的重点是:谈论通过什么方式来做某事的。用介词by(靠、通过、用)+doing.

如:He makes a living by teaching.(他以教书为生。)

2. He‘s been learning English for six years and really loves it.(他学英语已经有6年了,并且他非常喜爱英语。) have / has been dong sth 为现在完成进行时的构成

3. He finds watching movies frustrating because the people speak too quickly.【他发现看电影令人失望,因为(影片中的人)说话语速太快了。】find sth / sb +adj(发现某人 / 某物怎么样) (她还补充说,与朋友进行对话一点都没有帮助。) not…at all==not…in the slightest(一点都不)

5. We get excited about something and then end up spreking in Chinese.(当我们谈论某事激动起来时,然后就讲起中文来了。) get / be axcited about… end up doing…

6. I make mistakes in grammar. (我常在语法上犯错误。)

7. I don‘t have a partner to practice English with.(我没有同伴和我一起练习英语。)

动词不定式作定语,修饰前面的名词或代词时,如果不定式中的动词和前面的名词构不成直接的动宾关系,则需加上介词;此外,动词不定式中的动词如果是不及物动词,要构成动宾关系,也需要加上适当的介词。

如:①I need a pen to write with.(我需要一支钢笔来写。)

②He needs a room to live in.(他需要一个房间住。)

③The little girl wants to find a box to put all her toys in.(小女孩想找个盒子,把所有的玩具都装进去。)

8. Then I started to write my own original sentences using the grammer I was learning.(然后我就开始用我正在学习的语法自己编写句子。) 其中的“using”是现在分词作状语,表示―通过,采用……(样的)方法及途径‖。

9. It‘s amazing how much this helped.(令人吃惊的是它起到的作用如此大。)

10. She had trouble making complete sentences.(她造完整的句子有困难。)

He had no trouble finding me.(他毫无困难的找到了我。) (提高你英语的最好方法是加入英语俱乐部。)

12. How do we deal with our problems?(我们如何处理我们的问题?)

==What do we do with our problems? deal with常与how连用;do with常与what连用。

13. Perhaps we have seen young children playing together.(可能我们看见过小孩子们在一起玩耍。) 注意see sb do sth 和 see sb doing sth的区别。

14. We must learn how to change these ―problems‖ into ―challenges‖.(我们必须学会怎样把―困难‖变成―挑战‖。)

15. It‘s our duty to try our best to deal with each challenge in our education with the help of our teachers. (我们的责任是尽力在老师的帮助下对付我们在教育中的每一个挑战。)

16. First of all, it wasn‘t easy for me to understand the teacher when she talked to me.(首先,对于我来说,很难明白老师所讲的知识。)

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It is + adj + (for sb) to do… (对于某人来说,做某事是怎么样的。) 这是一个常用句型。但有时也会用到 It is + adj of sb to do…,此时的形容词是描述人物性格特征的词。如:kind,generous,nice,clever,lazy,polite,careless等。 如:It‘s kind of you to help me.(你太好了,是你帮助了我。)

Unit 2 I used to be afraid of the dark.

一、短语

used to do sth (过去常常做某事) be used to do sth(被用来做某事)==be proud of…

be / get used to doing sth(习惯于做某事) the dark(黑暗)

in the dark(在黑暗中) wear glasses(戴眼镜) over here(在这边)

over there(在那边) wait a minute == wait a moment(等一会儿)

be terrified of… == be afraid of…(害怕……) go to sleep(入睡)==fall asleep

go to bed(上床睡觉) all the time(一直,始终)

have time for…(有时间做某事) have time to do…(有时间做某事)

in the last few years(在最近几年里,常与现在完成时态连用。)

fifteen-year-old(15岁的) fifteen years old(15岁)

afford to do sth(有钱做某事) get into trouble(遇到麻烦,出事)

get into trouble with sb(同某人之间产生矛盾,发生冲突)

give up(放弃) give in(屈服,让步) in the end(最后,终于)

at the end of…(在……的末端) make a decision(作决定,下决心)

make a good decision(作出明智的决定) to one‘s surprise(令某人吃惊的是……) even though == even if(即使) no longer == not…any longer(不再)

no more == not…any more(不再) take pride in…(对……感到自豪)==be proud of…

pay attention to…(对……注意,留心……)

二、句子

1. I used to be afraid of the dark.(我过去害怕黑暗。)

used to do sth―过去常常做某事;‖ 表示过去的习惯,经常、反复发生的动作或状态,而现在已不复存在。used to do sth句型的否定句和疑问句可利用used来完成,但借助动词did来完成更为常用。

如:I didn‘t use to be afraid of the dark.(我过去不怕黑暗。)

--Did you use to be afraid of the dark?(你过去害怕黑暗吗?)

--Yes, I did. / No, I didn‘t.

2.-- Mario, you used to be short, didn‘t you?(Mario,你过去个子矮,不是吗?)

--Yes, I did.(是的,我矮。) 注意附加疑问句的构成。

3. Don‘t you remember me?(难道你不记得我了吗?) 这种否定式的疑问句,相当于反问句。

4. I play soccer and I‘m on the swim team.(我踢足球,并且我还是游泳队的一员。)

这里的―on‖表示―是……的成员‖。

如: I used to be on the soccer team.(我过去是足球队的成员。)

5. I go to sleep with my bedroom light on.(我开着灯睡觉。)

这里的―with‖引导的介词短语表示伴随状态。

eg: ①The old man was sitting in the room with the window open.(这位老人开着窗,坐在屋里。)

②He went into the classroom with a book.(他拿着一本书走进教室。)

6. Then I go right home and eat dinner.(然后我就直接回家吃晚饭。)

7. My father used to take me to concerts. These daye, I hardly ever concerts.(以前我爸爸常带我去听音乐会。如今,我几乎没有时间去听音乐会了。) )

9. Don‘t worry about things so much. It will make you stressed out.(不要担心过多的事情。这样会使你紧张的。) make sb +adj

10. However, after his father‘s death a few years ago, Martin‘s life become much more difficult. (然而,几年前他父亲去世后,马丁的生活就变得困难得多了)。这里的much是一个程度副词,修饰形容词比较级形式,表示―……的多‖;a lot + 形容词比较级形式也表示―……得多‖。

如:That must be a lot more fun than taking a bus.(那比乘公共汽车有趣得多。)

a little + 形容词比较级形式,表示―……一点点‖。

如:I‘m a little taller than her.(我比她高一点点。)

11. His mother couldn‘t afford to pay for her child‘s education.(他妈妈不能负担起支付孩子教育的费用。) afford―买得起,负担得起‖,常和can,could,be able to连用,后接名词、代词、不定式。 )

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(他的妈妈尽可能地好好照顾他。) ==as well as possible

13. She also told me that even though my father was no longer with us, he was watching me and would always take pride in everything good I do.(他还告诉我说尽管爸爸不再和我们在一起,但他仍然在关注着我,并且会为我所做的每一件好事而自豪。)

no longer == not… any longer (no longer常放在be动词、情态动词之后,行为动词之前。)

Jane no longer goes to work by bus.(不再乘公交车去上班。)

==Jane doesn‘t go to work by bus any longer.

Unit 3 Teenagers should be allowed to choose their own clothes.

一、短语

allow sb to do sth(允许某人做某事) allow doing sth(允许做某事)

be allowed to do sth(被允许做某事) one‘s own(某人自己的)

sixteen-year-old(16岁的) sixteen-year-olds(16岁的人)

get sth done(使某事被完成,叫别人做某事) driver‘s license(驾驶执照)

instead of(代替,而不是) at that age(在那个年龄)

at the age of…(在多少岁时) on school nights(在上学天的晚上)

on Friday nights(在星期五晚上) stay up(熬夜) stay up doing sth(熬夜做某事) take the test(参加考试) be strict with sb(对某人要求严格)

be strict in sth(对某事严谨,认真) the other day(前几天,几天前) concentrate on…(全神贯注于……,专心于……) learn from sb(向某人学习)

at present(目前) have an opportunity to do sth(有机会做某事)

have a chance of doing sth(有机会做某事) at least(至少) at most(最多)

old people‘s home(养老院) have…off(放多久时间的假,中间接一段时间) reply to…(答复……) in the way(挡道的,妨碍人的)

get in the way of…(妨碍……) be serious about…(对……极感兴趣,热衷于……) care about…(担心,关心……) care for(照顾,照料,喜欢)

take care of…== look after…(照顾)

二、句子

1. Teenagers should be allowed to choose their own clothes.(青少年应该被允许选择自己的衣服。)

本单元的语法重点是:含有情态动词的被动语态。

被动语态的结构为:be动词 + 动词的过去分词。

如:Our classroom is cleaned every day.(我们的教室天天都要打扫。)

含有情态动词的被动语态结构为:情态动词 + be动词原形 + 动词的过去分词。

如:Our classroom should be cleaned every day.(我们的教室应该天天打扫。)

2. Sixteen-year-olds should be allowed to get their ears pierced.(应该允许16岁的人穿耳孔。) get / have sth done(使某事被完成)

I‘ll get my hair cut tomorrow.(我明天要去理发。)

She got a new coat made.(她请人做了一件新大衣。)

3. He doesn‘t seem to have many friends.(他好像朋友不多。)

① seem (to be) + adj(好像……) 如:He seems to be very happy.(他好像很快乐。)

② seem to do sth

③ It seems / seemed that +从句

④ It seems / seemed as if+句子

如:It seems as if it is going to rain.(好像要下雨了。)

4. They talk instead of doing homework.(他们聊天,而不是做作业。)

instead of 介词短语,―代替,而不是‖,后接名词 / 代词 / doing sth.

instead adv―代替,反而,却‖,常独立用于句末。

如:①Last summer, I went to France. This year I‘m going to Italy instead.(去年,我去了法国。而今年我要去意大利。) ②He didn‘t help me. Instead, he laughed at me.(他没有帮我,反而还嘲笑我。)

5. –We have a lot of rules at my house.(我们在家里有很多规则。)

--So do we.(我们也是。)

当上文提到的人或物所处的状态或所做的事也适合于另外的人或物时,要用So + be动词 / 助动词 / 情态动词 + 主语。

如: --Ann has gone to Shanghai.(Ann到上海去了。)

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--So have her parents.(她父母也去了。)

否定句为:Nneither +be动词 / 助动词 / 情态动词 + 主语。

如:--Ann hasn‘t been to Shanghai.(Ann没去过上海。)

--Neither have I.(我也没去过。)

当表示赞同上文提到的情况,“是啊,……的确如此。”时,用so + 主语 + be动词 / 助动词 / 情态动词。 如:--It is very hot here.(这儿天气很热。)

--So it is.(的确热。)

6. It would be a good experience for me because I want to be a doctor when I‘m older.(对于我来说,它会是一次有意义的经历。因为我长大了想当一个医生。)

be a good experience for sb(对于某人来说是一次有意义的经历。)

7. Of course we want to see Liu Yu achieve his dreams.(我们当然想看到刘宇实现他的梦想。) achieve―实现‖,是一个及物动词,后可接宾语;而come true―梦想等的实现‖, 是一个不及物动词短语,后不可接宾语。

8. But we do think that our son needs to be realistic.(我们的确认为,我们的儿子应该现实一些。)

(P.48)It does have a few good features.(她确实有几处优点。)这里的do或does是表示强调的助动词,意为―的确,真正地‖,这种用法仅限于一般现在时或一般过去时,且只限与肯定句和祈使句。

9. I‘m serious aout running.(我对跑步极感兴趣。)

10. Only then will I have a chance of achieveing my dream.(只有这样,我才有机会实现我的梦想。)only引导的短语作状语用且放在句首时,主句应使用部分倒装语序。

如:Only in this way can you improve your spoken English.(只有这样,你才能提高你的英语。)

Unit 4 What would you do?

一、短语

first-aid(急救) wear a shirt and tie(穿衬衣打领带) what if(如果 / 万一……)

in public(当众,公开的) be / feel confident of…(对……有把握,有信心)

without permission(未经允许) ask one‘s permission(请求某人的许可)

be in a movie(拍电影) introduce…to…(把……介绍给……)

wait for sb to do sth(等待某人做某事) not…in the slightest(一点也不)

plenty of(很多的,足够的) get along with sb(与某人相处) rather than(而不是)

would rather do sth than do sth == prefer to do sth rather than do sth(宁愿做某事,而不愿做某事) right away(立即,马上) all day(整天) let sb down(让某人失望)

come up with…【提出,想出(主意,问答等)没有被动语态,还有追上,赶上的意思。】 a solution to…(……的解决办法) advice on…(……的建议)

have experience (in) doing sth(有做某事的经验,有经验做某事) come out(出版,发表) by accident(偶然地,无意之中) fall downstairs(摔到楼下) find out(查明,找到,发现) hide sth from sb(把某物藏到某人找不到的地方)

offer sb sth == offer sth to sb(向某人提供某物) offer to do sth(主动提供做某事) refuse to do sth(拒绝做某事)

二、句子

1. If I were you, I‘d wear a shirt and tie.(如果我是你的话,我就会穿衬衣打领带。)

这是一个非真实条件句,假设的情况不存在或不可能发生,只是说话人的主观愿望、假设或推测等。所以要使用虚拟语气,表示与现在事实相反的假设。

与现在事实相反的虚拟情况用句型:if引导的条件句用“if + 主语 +动词的过去式(be动词的过去式一律用were)”;主句用 “主语 + would + 动词原形”。

①If I were you, I would give up smoking.(如果我是你的话,我就会戒烟。)

②If I had a million dollars, I would give it to chrity.(如果我有一百万美元,我会捐给慈善机构。)

2. What if everyone else brings a present?(要是其他的人都带了礼物怎么办?)

what if…(如果 /万一……会怎么样?)后接陈述句。

① What if he doesn‘t come?(万一他不来怎么办?)

② What if it rains tomorrow?(如果明天下雨怎么办?)

(社会环境一点都不会影响你。)

==Social situations don‘t bother you at all.

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5. You have plenty of friends, and you enjoy the company of other people.(你有很多朋友,你喜欢有别人的陪伴。) )

① He would ratherdie than give in.(他宁愿死也不屈服。)

② He prefers to buy a new car rather than repair it.(他宁愿买一辆新车,也不愿修理它。)

7. I don‘t like making speeches. I feel nervous talking in front of many people.(我不喜欢做演讲。在许多人面前说话我觉得紧张。)

feel + 形容词 + (in) doing sth 意为―在做……时感觉怎么样‖,相当于feel+ 形容词 +when 引导的时间状语从句。 如:①I feel happy watching my daughter playing.(看到我女儿玩耍,我很快乐。)

== I feel happy when I watch my daughter playing.

②I felt sad speaking of my friend‘s death.(谈到朋友的死时,我很悲伤。)

8.Martin Robinson is a famous doctor who has a lot of experience dealing with teenagers.(马丁·鲁宾逊是一个很著名的医生,他在处理青少年的问题上很有经验。)

9. It gives advice on what to do in lots of different situations.(它给出了许多不同情形下该做什么的建议。)

Unit 5 It must belong to Carla.

一、单词和短语

happy(快乐的)--unhappy(不快乐的) honest(诚实的)—dishonest(不诚实的) late-night(深夜) belong to sb(属于某人) hair band(发带)

crucial to…(对于……至关重要) make up(形成,组成,构成)

be anxious about……(担心……) in the sky(在天空中) in the neighborhood(在附近) call the police(报警) (in) an ocean of(极多的,后接不可数名词或可数名词复数形式) (in) oceans of(极多的) be carefull of…(当心……)

pretend to do sth(假装做某事) use up(用完,耗尽)

二、句子

1. It must belong to Carla.(它肯定是卡拉的。)

== It must be Carla‘s.

must情态动词,后接动词原形,这里表示对事物的肯定推测―一定,准是‖。

如:The boy looks like Mr Wang very much, he must be his son.(这个男孩看起来很像王先生,他一定是他的儿子。) 在否定句、疑问句中表示推测不能用must,用can或can’t。

如:Mike can‘t be at school, he is ill in hospital.(迈克不可能在学校,他生病住院了。)

Must―必须‖位于句首构成一般疑问句时,肯定回答仍由must构成,但否定回答不能用mustn‘t构成。(mustn‘t表示禁止,不允许)需由needn‘t或don‘t have to构成。

如:--Must I go home now.(现在我必须回家吗?)

--No, you needn‘t.(不,不必要。)

表示推测的几个情态动词must,can,may,could,might的区别:

①must―一定‖,表示―推测‖的可能性非常大;

②can, may―可能‖,表示―猜测‖的可能性很大,弱于must,强于could和might;

③might,could―或许、可能‖,表示推测的可能性不是很大。

2. I think I dropped it during the concert so it might still be in the symphony hall.(我想是在听音乐会时掉了,所以它可能仍然在交响乐大厅内。)

3. It makes up 30% of the final exam.(它构成期末考试的30% 。) )

her.(我有两天没看到我的猫了,我很担心它。)

6. It is less of a problem to be poor than to be dishonest.(贫穷比不诚实问题小一些。)

7. You can‘t wake a person who is pretending to be asleep.(你是无法唤醒假装睡觉的人的。)

Unit 6 I like music that I can dance to.

一、单词和短语

prefer(更喜欢)—preferred(prefer的过去式或过去分词) best-known(最出名的) six-month(六个月的) world-class(世界级) dance to…(随着……跳舞)

along with(同……一道,伴随……) ①prefer sth(更喜欢) ②prefer…to…(与……相比,更喜欢……) ③prefer doing sth to doing sth(与做某事相比,更喜欢做某事)

④prefer to do sth(更喜欢做某事) ⑤prefer doing sth(更喜欢做某事)

⑥prefer to do sth rather than do sth(宁愿做某事,而不愿做某事。)

remind sb of…(使某人想起……) remind sb to do sth(提醒某人做某事)

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be important to…(对……重要) It‘s important for sb to do sth(对某人来说,做某事重要) over the years(这些年来) be sure (not) to do sth【一定(不)要做某事】

on display(展览,陈列) go on vacation(去度假)

go to…on vacation(去……度假) to be honest == to tell the truth(说实在的)

be bad for…(对……有害) stay away from…(与……保持距离,远离……)

be in agreement(意见一致) even if == even though(即使,尽管)

suggest doing(提议干某事,建议干某事) suit sb (fine)【(很)适合某人】

二、句子

1. I like music that I can dance to.(我喜欢我能随着跳舞的音乐。)

本单元的重点是that(指人或物)和who(指人)引导的定语从句。引导词本身没有意义,但在定语从句中要作成分。它的意义等同于被修饰词(先行词),所以翻译时,引导词不译出来。

2. I like music that I can sing along with.(我喜欢我能跟着唱歌的音乐。)

3. We prefer music that has great lyrics.(我们更喜欢歌词优美的音乐。)

4. I love singers who write their own music.(我喜欢自己些歌词的歌手。)

5. The music reminds me of Brazilian dance music(这首音乐使我想起了巴西舞曲音乐。).

6. He‘s made some great movies over the years.(这些年来,他拍摄了一些精彩的影片。)

over the years―这些年来‖,常与现在完成时连用;

in the last few years(近几年来)常与现在完成时态连用。

7. It does have a few good features.(它的确有几个优点。) does表示强调―的确,确实‖

一般现在时用do或does来强调谓语动词动词,在一般过去时中用did来强调谓语动词。(限于这两种时态。)

如:①I do like this blue hat.(我确实喜欢这个蓝色的帽子。)

②They did come yesterday.(他们昨天的确来过。)

8. The few city photographs are less successful.(为数不多的都市作品稍稍逊色点。)

9. I see the same things every day and they don‘t interest me as much.(我每天都看到同样的东西。因此,它们不能激起我同样的兴趣。)

10. The concert suited me just fine.(这个音乐会正好适合我。)

11. How important is keeping healthy to you?(保持健康对你来说有多重要?)

12. So I eat mainly fruit and vegetables.(因此,我主要吃水果和蔬菜。)

Unit 7 Where would you like to visit?

一、单词和短语

Tiring(引起疲劳的,累人的)-tired(疲劳的,累的)

education(n.教育)-educational(adj.有教育意义的)

tourist(n.游客)-touristy(adj.游客很多的,游客常去的)

expensive(昂贵的)-inexpensive(不贵的,便宜的)

woule like to do sth(想要做某事) want to do sth(想要做某事)

feel like doing sth(想要做某事) go on vacation(去度假)

go on a trip(去旅行) take a trip(去旅行) take it easy(从容,轻松,不紧张)

some day(将来的某一天) one day(过去或将来的某一天)

consider doing sth(考虑做某事) consider sb to do sth(考虑某人做某事)

the capital of…(……的首部 / 省会) in the world(在世界上)

in general(一般而言,大体上,通常) be supposed to do sth(被期望 / 被要求 / 应该做某事) somewhere warm(某个暖和的地方)

in eastern China == in the east of China(在中国的东部)

provide sb with sth == provide sth for sb(向某人提供某物)

offer sb sth == offer sth to (向某人提供某物) travel to +…(到……去旅游) be willing to do sth(乐意做某事) quite a few(相当多,不少) dream about…(梦想……) dream of… (梦想……) in the

future(将来) in future(今后) the answer to the question(问题的答案) the key to…(……的钥匙) as soon as possible(尽可能快地) continue doing / to do sth(继续做某事) according to(根据) hold on to(继续,坚持,保持)

二、句子

1. Where would you like to go on vacation?(你想到哪里去度假?)

2. I‘d like to trek through the jungle, because I like exciting vacations.(我想长途跋涉穿越丛林,因为我喜欢令人兴奋的假期。)

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3. I love places where the people are really friendly.(我喜欢人们很友好的地方。)

如果前面的先行词是表明―原因,理由‖,用关系副词why引导定语从句。

如:That is the reason why I didn’t tell you about it.(这就是我没有告诉你这件事的理由。)

4. For your next vacation, why not considar visiting Paris?(你的下一个假期,为什么不考虑游览巴黎呢?) why not do sth consider doing sth

5. Traveling around Paris by taxi can cost a lot of money.(乘出租车游览巴黎可能要话很多钱。)

6. I hope you can provide me with some information about the kinds of vacations that your firm can offer.(我希望你能给我提供一些你们公司所经营的旅游项目的信息。)

7. Many students said they would like to be voiunteers at the 2008 Olympics, maybe working as translators or tour guides.(许多学生说他们想当2008年奥运会的志愿者,可能当翻译或者导游。)working as translators or tour guides.为现在分词短语作状语,表示一种方式。

8. (1) Many students reported that they were willing to work hard to achieve their dreams.(一些学生报道说他们愿意努力学习,以实现他们的梦想。)

(2) It is very important to dream, so hold on to your dreams; one day they may come true.(梦想是非常重要的,因此,坚持你的梦想,有一天,他们可能会实现的。)

achieve“实现”,及物动词,后可直接跟宾语;come true“梦想等的实现”不及物动词短语,后不能接宾语(梦想)。

Unit 8 I’ll help clean up the city parks.

一、单词和短语

clean-up(n.清洁,打扫) after-school(课后) help (to) do sth(帮着干某事) clean up(v.把……打扫干净,收拾整齐) give out == hand out(分发,发放)

cheer up(动副短语:使振奋,使高兴起来) come up with(提出,想出) = think up come up with(赶上,追上) == catch up with put off(推迟;拖延) write down(写下,记下) put up(建造,张贴,挂起,举起) ask for(要,要求,请求)

ask sb for…(向某人要……) call up(动副短语:打电话) set up(建立,创立,开办)

put…to use(把……投入利用) run out of == use up(用完,耗尽)

take after(在外貌、性格等方面与…相像) be similar to…(与……相似)

fix up(动副短语:修理) == repair give away(赠送)

work out(产生结果,发展,成功,计算出)make sb / sth + adj(使某人 / 某物怎么样) make sb do sth(使某人做某事) fill …with…(使……充满……)

be filled with(充满) answer the telephone(接电话)

a friend of mine(我的一个朋友) help sb out(帮助某人脱离困境,解决困难)

be able to do sth(有能力干某事) because of…(因为……,后接名词 / 代词)

at once(立即,马上) be used to do sth(被用来做什么)

二、句子

1. Visit sick children in the hospital.(在医院看望生病的孩子。)

2. We can‘t put off making a plan.(我们不能拖延制定计划。)

3. We could each call up ten people and ask them to come.(我们每个人可以给十个人打电话,请他们来。) )

school.(惠萍喜欢读书,并且她通过在当地的一所小学的课后辅导中心工作,使这个爱好得到较好的利用。)

6. He spends every Saturday morning working in an animal hospital.(他把每一个星期六上午都花在一家动物医院工作。) spend…on sth spend…(in) doing sth

7. Not only do I feel good about helping other people, but I get to spend time doing what I love to do.(帮助别人,我不但自己感到快乐,而且我开始花时间做我喜欢做的事了。)

not only…but (also)…“不但……而且……”用于连接两个并列成分,作主语时,后面的谓语动词用就进原则。

not only…but (also)连接两个句子时,not only后用倒装句(not only + be动词 / 情态动词 / 助动词+主语+…) Not only can she sing, but also she can dance.

如:Not only he but also I go to school by bus.(不仅他,而且我也乘公共汽车去上学。)

Not only I but also he goes to school by bus. (他还张贴了一些标语来寻求自行车。)

9. The strategies that he came up with worked out fine.(他想出的这个办法很有效。)

10. The money is well used to help disabled people like me.(这些钱被很好地用于帮助像我这样的残疾人。)

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Unit 9 When was it invented?

一、单词和短语

invent(v.发明)—inventor(n.发明家)—invention(n.发明)

shoot(投篮,射击)—shot(过去式)—shot(过去分词)

indoors(在屋内,在家中)—outdoors(在户外)

develop(v.(使)发展)—develpoed(adj.发达的)—developing(adj.发展中的) develpoment(n.发展中的) be used for doing sth(被用于做什么)

be used to do sth(被用于做什么) be / get used to doing sth(习惯于做什么)

used to do sth(过去常常做什么) all day(整天) by mistake(错误地)

by accident(偶然地,意外地) in the end(最后,终于) at the end of…(在…的末端) fall into(落入,陷入) in the world(世界上) according to…(根据,据……所说) in this way(这样) knock into…(与……相撞)

fall down(跌倒) devide…into…(把……分成……) since then(自那时起)

二、句子

1. It was invented by Chelsea Lanmon.(它是被Chelsea Lanmon发明的。)

介词by用于被动句中―被。由,靠‖,后接动作的执行者。

2. Who are they invented by?(他们是被谁发明的?)

3. Potato chips were invented by mistake.(土豆片的发明出于错误。)

4. Tea wasn‘t brought to the western world until 1610.(茶是直到1610年才被带到西方国家的。)not…until…(直到……,才……)

5. The emperor Shen Nong discovered tea when he was boiling drinking water over an open fire.(神农皇帝在户外烧水喝时,发现了茶。) over―在……的正上方‖

6. Dr Naismith devided the men in his class into two teams.(Naismith医生把他们班上的男生分成两个队。)

7. Players shoot from below the basket.(打球的人从篮子下面朝里面扔。)

Unit 10 By the time I got outside, the bus had already left.

一、单词和短语

get—got(过去式)—gotten(过去分词) leave—left(过去式或过去分词) oversleep(睡过头;睡得过久)—overslept(过去式或过去分词)

ring(铃声响起)—rang(过去式)—rung(过去分词)

wake—woke(过去式或过去分词) by the time(到……时候;到……之前)

leave sth +介词短语(把某物遗忘在…) go off(发出响声)

wake up(醒来。叫醒…) run off(跑掉,迅速离开)

on time(准时) in time(及时) break down(停止运转,出故障)

come by(从旁经过) give sb a ride(让某人搭便车) only just(刚刚才,恰好)

get dressed(穿衣服) dress sb(给某人穿衣服) show up(出席,露面)

stay up(熬夜) stay up doing sth(熬夜做某事) set off(激起,引起)

flee from…== escape from… ==ran away from…(从……逃跑) sell out(卖完,售光)

marry sb(与某人结婚) get married(结婚) reply to sb(答复某人)

answer sb(回答某人) so…that…(如此……,以至于……) so that(以便于)

a piece of(一片,一块) across the whole country(全国上下)

二、句子

1. By the time I got outside, the bus had already left.(当我到达外面的时候,公共汽车已经开走了。)

had+动词的过去分词为过去完成时的构成。过去完成时表示在过去某一时间或动作之前已经发生或完成了的动作。它表示动作发生的时间是“过去的过去”。

2. Luckily, my friend Tony and his dad came by in his dad‘s car and they gave me a ride.(幸运的是,我的朋友托尼和他爸爸开车从我身边经过,他们让我搭了便车。)

3. I only just made it to my class.(我刚刚好赶到上课。)

made it办成功、做到、赶到

4. There would be no more spaghetti.(将不再有意大利面条了。) 多的面条。) == as much spaghetti as possible

6. He asked her to marry him.(他请求她嫁给他。)

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