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经典英文写作“四步走”

发布时间:2014-02-06 14:58:33  

中小学个性化辅导专家

龙文教育个性化辅导教案

教案内容:

【英文写作“四步走”】

由于时间限制,高考时一般在15分钟左右必须完成英语作文。高考的英语作文步骤如下:

1)作文动笔之前一般都要先打腹稿。在确立中心上,运用材料上,篇章结构上,充分酝酿。

2)考虑好想写多少句子,该用哪些动词和词组等。

3)边写边思考内容的连贯性,语言和句子的准确性。

4)写完后一定要再细看一遍。

作文句式的多变性——恰当使用复杂句型

(一)改变时态

例: The bell is ringing now.(一般)

There goes the bell! (高级)

(二)改变语态

例: People suggest that the conference be put off.(一般)

It is suggested that the conference be put off. (高级)

(三)使用不定式

例: He is so kind that he can help me.(一般)

He is so kind as to help me.(高级)

(四)使用过去分词

例: ①She walked out of the lab and many students followed her.(一般)

Followed by many students, she walked out of the lab.(高级)

②Once it is seen, it can never be forgotten.(一般)

Once seen, it can never be forgotten.(高级)

(五)使用V-ing形式

例: ①When he arrives, please give me an e-mail.(一般)

On arriving/his arrival, please give me an e-mail.(高级)

②If the weather permits, I’ll come tomorrow.(一般)

I’ll come tomorrow, weather permitting.(高级)

③You work hard. You will succeed.(一般)

Working hard, you will succeed.(高级)

(六)使用名词性从句

例: ①It disappointed everybody that he didn’t turn up.(一般)

The fact that he didn’t turn up disappointed everybody.(高级)

②I happened to have met him.(一般)

It happened that I had met him.(高级)

③To his surprise, the little girl knows so many things.(一般)

What surprises him is that the little girl knows so many things.(高级)

(七)使用定语从句

例:The girl is spoken highly of. Her composition was well written. (一般) 龙文教育网址www.longwenedu.com 1

中小学个性化辅导专家

The girl whose composition was well written is spoken highly of. (高级)

(八)使用状语从句

例: ①I won’t believe what he says.(一般)

No matter what he says, I won’t believe. (高级)

②If you come back before six o’clock, you can go out.(一般)

You can go out on condition that (provided that) you come back before

Six o’clock. (高级)

③If she doesn’t agree, what shall we do?(一般)

Supposing that she doesn’t agree, what shall we do?(高级)

(九)使用虚拟语气

(1)虚拟语气中if

如果我是你,我昨天就不会开这么快的车

(十)倒装句

(1)only+状语置于句首

只有通过这种方法,你才能学好英语

(2)否定词置于句首

我从来没有看过这么精彩的电影

(3)地点副词置于句首

(十一)强调句型

It is ??that (who)?

是杨梅所做的事情给了我莫大的鼓励

(二)巧妙的改写

(1).Only 改成no one but

Only Tom passed the exam last week. → No one but Tom passed the exam.

(2).have sb/sth do/done

The girl was knocked off her bicycle and had her leg broken

The girl was knocked off her bicycle and her leg was broken.

(3).变换插入语的位置

① However, they suggest fees should be charged low. →

They suggest, however, fees should be charged low.

② I think this is a good chance for you to show your singing talent, and how well you’ve learned Chinese.

This is a good chance for you, I think, to show your singing talent, and how well you’ve learned Chinese.

(4). 用同位语代替非限制性定语从句

Meimei, who is seven years old, has been learning to ride a bicycle for several days.→

Meimei, a girl of thirteen, has been learning to ride a bicycle for several days.

英语作文中常见的典型语法错误

语言是评判作文的一个极其重要的因素。在实际的阅卷过程中,语法错误,尤其是较为严重的错误,是阅卷人员的主要“照顾点”,有时甚至是惟一的点;当然那样处理是有道理的,大家可以设想一下,一篇语法上漏洞百出、严重影响表达的作文又会有什么样的好内容呢?

语言是评判作文的一个极其重要的因素。在实际的阅卷过程中,语法错误,尤其是较为严重的错误,是阅卷人员的主要“照顾点”,有时甚至是惟一的点;当然那样处理是有道理的,大家可以设想一下,一篇语法上漏洞百出、严重影响表达的作文又会有什么样的好内容呢?如果因为语言上的错误而导致失分,那将得不偿失。因此,认清各种各样的语法错误,尽可能地避免少犯,对于提高作文分是有极大的帮助的。现将我们在阅卷过程中所发现的大量语言错误逐一归类,抽出其中的典型错误,以警示大家,供参考。

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中小学个性化辅导专家

1.句子成分残缺不全

1.句子成分残缺不全

We always working till late at night before taking exams。(误)

We are always working /We always work till late at night before taking exams(正)

We should read books may be useful to us. (误)

We should read books which may be useful to us. (正)

2.句子成分多余

This test is end, but there is another test is waiting for you. (误)

One test ends, but another is waiting for you. (正)

The driver of the red car was died on the spot. (误)

The driver of the red car died on the spot. (正)

3.主谓不一致

My sister go to the cinema at least once a week. (误)

My sister goes to the cinema at least once a week. (正)

4.动词时态、语态的误用

I was walking along the road, and there are not so many cars on the street. (误)

I was walking along the road and there were not so many vehicles on the street. (正)

We have little time to read some books which we interest. (误)

We have little time to read some books in which we are interested. (正)

I am a student who has studying in the college for two years. (误)

I have been studying in the college for two years(正)

5.词类混淆

It is my point that reading must be selectively. (误)

In my opinion, reading must be selective. (正)

Honest is so important for everyperson. (误)

Honesty is so important for everyone. (正)

The old man was hit by a car when he across the street. (误)

The old man was hit by a car when he was crossing the street. (正)

(一)段首句

1.关于……人们有不同的观点。一些人认为……

There are different opinions among people as to ____ .Some people suggest that ____.

2.俗话说(常言道)……,它是我们前辈的经历,但是,即使在今天,它在许多场合仍然适用。

There is an old saying______. Its the experience of our forefathers,however,it is correct in many cases even today.

3.现在,……,它们给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害。首先,……;其次,……。更为糟糕的是……。

Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily life. First, ____Second, ____. What makes things worse is that______.

4.现在,……很普遍,许多人喜欢……,因为……,另外(而且)……。

Nowadays,it is common to ______. Many people like ______ because ______. Besides,______.

5.任何事物都是有两面性,……也不例外。它既有有利的一面,也有不利的一面。

Everything has two sides and ______ is not an exception,it has both advantages and disadvantages.

6.关于……人们的观点各不相同,一些人认为(说)……,在他们看来,……

People’s opinions about ______ vary from person to person. Some people say that ______.To them, _____.

7.人类正面临着一个严重的问题……,这个问题变得越来越严重。

Man is now facing a big problem ______ which is becoming more and more serious.

8.……已成为人们的关注的热门话题,特别是在年青人当中,将引发激烈的辩论。

______ has become a hot topic among people,especially among the young and heated debates are right on their way.

9.……在我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用,它给我们带来了许多好处,但同时也引发一些严重的问题。

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中小学个性化辅导专家

______ has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life. It has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well.

10.根据图表/数字/统计数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图可以看出……。很显然…,但是为什么呢?

According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar graph/line/graph,it can be seen

that______ while. Obviously,______,but why?

(二)中间段落句

1. 相反,有一些人赞成……,他们相信……,而且,他们认为……。

On the contrary,there are some people in favor of ___.At the same time,they say____.

2. 但是,我认为这不是解决……的好方法,比如……。最糟糕的是……。

But I don’t think it is a very good way to solve ____.For example,____.Worst of all,___.

3.……对我们国家的发展和建设是必不可少的,(也是)非常重要的。首先,……。而且……,最重要的是…… ______is necessary and important to our country’s development and construction. First,______.What’s more, _____.Most important of all,______.

4. 有几个可供我们采纳的方法。首先,我们可以……。

There are several measures for us to adopt. First, we can______

5. 面临……,我们应该采取一系列行之有效的方法来……。一方面……,另一方面,

Confronted with______,we should take a series of effective measures to______. For one thing,______For another,______

6. 早就应该拿出行动了。比如说……,另外……。所有这些方法肯定会……。

It is high time that something was done about it. For example, _____.In addition, _____. All these measures will certainly______.

7. 为什么……?第一个原因是……;第二个原因是……;第三个原因是……。总的来说,……的主要原因是

由于……

Why______? The first reason is that ______.The second reason is ______.The third is ______.For all this, the main cause of ______due to ______.

8. 然而,正如任何事物都有好坏两个方面一样,……也有它的不利的一面,象……。

However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides, ______also has its own disadvantages, such as ______.

9. 尽管如此,我相信……更有利。

Nonetheless, I believe that ______is more advantageous.

10. 完全同意……这种观点(陈述),主要理由如下:

I fully agree with the statement that ______ because______.

误:It hit the old man down but the driver, a woman, didn’t stop her car. Finding she had caused an accident, the woman sped her car to flee away. The old man and I saw the car’s number. It’s AC864. The old man couldn’t move , I decided to help him.

正:It hit the old man down but the driver, who was a woman, didn’t stop her car. Finding she had caused an accident, the woman sped her car to flee away. Fortunately, I saw the car’s number. It’s AC864. Noticing the old

man couldn’t move, I decided to help him.

11.画蛇添足 、过多的长句使句子复杂化(语言不简洁)

修改前:A famous sportsman was giving a speech which was rather interesting.

修改后:A famous sportsman was giving an interesting speech.

修改前: Nowadays, some people are still cutting down trees without permission. The air pollution is becoming more and more serious which is caused by buses and cars. What’s more, so many rivers are polluted by dirty water which is from factory. In addition, sandstorm struck us now and then, from which we suffered a lot.

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中小学个性化辅导专家 修改后: Nowadays, some people are still cutting down trees without permission. As a result, people have to suffer sandstorms now and then. What’s more, as buses and cars give off a lot of poisonous gases, the air is getting dirtier and dirtier. Moreover, there are many rivers polluted by dirty water from factories. The situation is becoming more and more serious.

修改前: As soon as came in, we heard some voice made by instruments. There were some students playing piano violin and so on .

修改后: As soon as we came in, we heard a piece of beautiful music played by the students by different instruments, such as, piano, violin and so on.

12.过于简单的句子使文章缺少逻辑性、可读性。

修改前: Yesterday, there was a policeman in the street. He stopped a car. The car was at the corner. It looked like a Honda. There was a boy on the sidewalk. He was riding his bicycle. The bicycle was a two-wheeler. The car nearly knocked down the boy.

修改后: Yesterday, a policeman stopped a car—Honda at the corner of the street, because it nearly knocked down a boy who was riding a two-wheel bicycle on the sidewalk.

修改前: Suddenly, a car run quickly from the third street and turned to the west. The car didn’t stop and hit the old man. The driver didn’t stop and have a look. The car ran away quickly. The car was yellow and the driver was a woman.

修改后: Suddenly, a car turned west from the 3rd Street to the Park Road. It hit the old man, but it didn’t stop and ran away quickly. I noticed the car was yellow and the driver was a woman.

关联词

? on my way to…/home

? on the east side of the river

? in the northeast of China

? to the west of the city

by the side of the road

请按提示写一篇日记。字数:100左右。时间:12月7日(星期一);天气:晴

晚饭后你去看电影,路上碰见了美国朋友Ford先生,他迷了路。你决定放弃看电影的机会,把Ford先生送回旅馆。路上你用英语向他谈了你自己的英语学习情况,还问了他一些语法问题。 Ford先生仔细队打了你的提问,并就如何学好英语提了一些很好的建议。你虽然错过了电影,但你很高兴。你不仅帮助Ford先生解决了困难,而且训练了自己的口语。

December 7 Monday Fine

I went out to see a film after supper. On my way to the cinema I met an American friend Mr Ford, who had lost his way. I immediately decided to give up the chance to see the film and take Mr Ford to his hotel. On the way I told him something about my English study and asked him some questions on grammar.

Mr Ford answered my questions patiently and gave me some useful advice on how to learn English well. I not only helped Mr Ford get out of trouble, but also practised my spoken English. I felt very happy indeed.

【写作技巧汇总点拨】

技巧一 三段式

所谓三段式作文法,就是要求考生根据所给材料的题材和体裁,合乎逻辑地采用三个段落的形式展开写作的一种方法。很多体裁的文章都可采用三段式作文法写作,尤其是议论文。近年来,不少自主命题地区的书面表达题都是观点对比型的议论文,而对于这类议论性质的文章,采用三段式作文法很必要,第一段提出 龙文教育网址www.longwenedu.com 5

中小学个性化辅导专家 问题(总写),这是主题段,用来陈述自己的观点;第二段用论据进行正反两个方面的论证(分写);第三段得出相应的结论(总写)。这种写作方法的优势是可以使文章层次分明,结构清晰,富有表现力。

下面以议论文的写作为例来说明三段式作文法的写作要领:

1.写好首段是关键

一篇文章的开头写得好,自然会给阅卷者留下美好的印象,这往往是获得高分的基础。写作首段时常用的句式有:It is believed that...It is widely accepted that...As is known to us all...A survey conducted by...shows that...

2.深化充实中间拓展段

中间拓展段是文章的主体,写作此段时,考生必须紧紧围绕主题展开,不能涉及那些与主题无关的内容。写作此段时常用的语句和短语有:Every coin has two sides; in the same way;on the contrary;have different ideas on;on the one hand,on the other hand;meanwhile;however;as a result,etc.。

3.严把结尾关

一个好的结尾往往会起到画龙点睛的作用。结尾段的写法很多:可以对前文几种观点发表看法,明确表明自己的态度和立场;可以引用名人名言或格言总结全文;也可以回到开头段提出的中心论点上,达到再次肯定和强调的效果;同时,也可以对某一观点提出疑问,留给读者无限的遐想空间。写作结尾段时常用的短语有:in one's opinion;in brief;to sum up;in other words;in conclusion;in short;in summary,etc.。

技巧二 六步提纲作文法

所谓六步提纲作文法,就是采用列举中英文提纲的方式写作的一种方法,而用这种方法写作时通常要经过六个步骤,即审题、拟点(即拟出基本点)、联句(即联词成句)、成文(即联句成文)、润色(即使句子富于变化)和完善(即检查和修改)。现将这六步中所包含的全部要求分述如下:

1.审题——考生动笔前要仔细阅读试题,明确要求。审题包括审写作要求、审文体、审写作核心内容、审写作时态及语态和审人称等方面的内容。

2.拟点——拟点就是通过审题,拟出写作基本重难点,

找出五六个动词或动词短语;有时还可构思一些写作可能要用的句型、句式。然后再提炼要点,以备下一步使用。根据提示,理顺要点,既可保证不遗漏所要表达的信息,又可使表达的内容条理清晰。

3.联句——将上一步拟写出来的要点逐句表达出来,这是书面表达写作时较为关键的一步。完成这个步骤要

注意:

1)书面表达重在达意,千万不要简单直译,要用自己最有把握的短语或句型将意思完整、准确地表达出来。

(2)如果碰到有一时找不到与汉语提示中相对应的英语词语 或句型时,不要轻易放弃,因为英语中常常会有一句多译的现象。

(3)尽可能多地运用较高级的词汇和较复杂的语法结构,如 复合句、倒装句、并列句、强调句和分词结构等。

(4)选择正确的人称、时态、语态等。

(5)如果是记叙文,还要点明时间、地点和人物。

4.成文——成文就是将写好的句子连贯地组织起来,形

成段落式短文。要注意使用一些表示并列、递进、让步、转折、因果等意义的关联词语,以增强文章的连贯性和流畅性。

5.润色——润色就是有意识地将一些低级词汇转换成高级词汇”,将一些简单结构转换成“高级结构”,以凸显文章亮点,增加得高分的机会。通常采用的方式有:

(1)使用新颖词汇或搭配。

(2)改变句型,如将简单句变为复合句。

(3)添加句间或段落间的衔接词语。

6.完善——文章草稿写成后,默读一至两遍,检查语句

有无毛病,行文是否连贯,拼写是否正确,用词是否恰当等。有的书面表达题要求考生自拟标题,这时,考生要注意不能漏掉标题,还要注意标题首字母的大写(标题中实词要大写首字母,虚词则不必大写)。经过检查和修改后,再认真誊写,力求卷面整洁。

把要点按照时间先后,空间顺序,逻辑关系,因果关系整理,加以适当调整,加入过渡词来串句成文。 龙文教育网址www.longwenedu.com 6

中小学个性化辅导专家 体会一下

Eg 1. He works hard. He is not likely to have a successful career. He will still be a useful person in the society.

He works hard, but he is not likely to have a successful career. However, he will still be a useful person in the society.

Eg 2. Because he helped me in time, I passed the exam.

Thanks to his timely help, I passed the exam.

As a result of his timely help, I passed the exam.

He helped me in time, as a result, I passed the exam.

practice

1.John is clever, diligent and polite, ___in other words , he is a good student.

2.Lucy is 12 and Lily is 11,___ that is____, Lucy is one year older than Lily.

3.He is a good master ___because_____ he treats his servants well.

4.You must work harder, _or__ you will be put into another class.

5.He is poor, but_he is contented.

6.Some people waste food___while_____others don’t have enough.

段落

Radio and television can be seen everywhere. _but__ the TV set is more useful than the radio __because____on TV you can see and hear what is happening in the world. _However__, radio is not disappearing. It is still with us. __And__the number of listeners is becoming larger. _After __ the transistor(晶体管) has been invented, a transistor radio is sometimes _ so small _that__it is easy to carry. You can put it in your pocket and listen to it on the bus or on your bike when you go to work. _Besides __, radio broadcasts are better for blind people. _And_ many old people don’t have good eyesight. They can’t watch TV, ___but__they can listen to music or news over the radio.

___What’s more___, radio is much cheaper than a TV set.

练习:

1. 因为他充分利用时间学习英语, 所以顺利通过高考。

Because he made good use of his time to learn English, he passed the college entrance exam.

2. 他有许多朋友,但没有一个富有。

He has many friends, none of whom are rich.

3.因为他弄丢了钥匙,所以进不了房间。

Having lost his key, he couldn’t enter the room.

4. 李平是我的朋友,我很喜欢他。

Li ping is my friend and I like him very much.

Practice

请在下列句子中(间)填上恰当的关联词或意思有联系的短语。

1.Xiao Ming was walking in the street__when____ he heard someone cry for help.

2. He advised that I hire a car ___in order that______I could travel around in the west .

3. It was not long __before___ the police came .

4._ As soon as __he heard the cry for help, he jumped into the water to save the girl.

5. Do you agree with my arrangement ? ___If not/so____, do write to me soon.

6. We can go downtown and do some shopping. _In addition____, we can pay a visit to some places of interest.

7. I shared the cost of the gas with my friends .__ As a result____, I saved $80.

8. Eating sugar is bad for our teeth. __What’s worse____ , it may make us fat.

正确使用名词性从句

1. It disappointed everybody that he didn’t turn up. (一般)

The fact that he didn’t turn up disappointed everybody. (高级)

2,I happened to have met him. (一般)

It happened that I had met him. (高级)

3.To his surprise, the little girl knows so many things. (一般)

What surprised him is that the girl…. (高级)

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中小学个性化辅导专家 使用状语从句

I won’t believe what he says. (一般)

No matter what he says, I won’t believe. (高级)

If you come back before six o’clock, you can go out. (一般)

You can go out on condition that you come back before…. (高级)

The meal was very nice. We all enjoyed it very much.

The meal was so nice that we all…. (高级)

使用定语从句

The girl is spoken highly of. Her composition was well written. (一般)

The girl whose composition was well written was spoken highly of. (高级)

I studied Chinese, maths, English, physics, chemistry and computer at school. (一般)

The subjects I studied at school included Chinese, maths, English…. (高级)

使用虚拟语气

The ship didn’t sink because there were the efforts of the captain. (一般)

But for the efforts of the captain, the ship would have sunk. (高级)

I wasn’t invited to the party, so I didn’t attend it. (一般)

If I had been invited to the party, I would have attended it. (高级)

使用强调句、倒装句、感叹句

Regular radio broadcasts began in 1920

It was not until 1920 that regular radio…. (高级)

Though I’m weak, I will make the effort.

Weak as I am, I’ll make the effort. (高级)

We were glad to see the crops and vegetables growing very well. (一般)

How glad we were to see the crops and...! (高级)

使用并列句

When he spoke, he felt more and more excited. (一般)

The more he spoke, the more excited he felt. (高级)

I got up late this morning. I didn’t catch the early bus. (一般)

I got up late this morning, otherwise I could have caught the early bus. (高级)

怎样使用较高级的词汇

1. 2.

3. A good idea occurred to me. A good idea suddenly struck me.

4. Books are free for the students there. The plan turned out to be a failure. sorrow.

she went pale with sorrow. Our school is made up of twenty–six classrooms

You’ll have no trouble finding my house.

【高考英语期末复习专项:任务型阅读(一)】

一、考查重点:

(1)概括归纳能力 (通常有3个左右的概括题,后面所列常见词汇务必掌握)

(2)直接信息题 (较少,务必不失分)

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中小学个性化辅导专家

(3)信息转换题 (注意词性、主被动、主谓一致、非谓语、近义的词或词组间的转换、反义的词或词组之

间的转换, 务必利用好表格提示来定位信息及转换形式)

二、解题步骤:

—快速浏览抓住文章中心大意以及文章的结构(借助所给图表结构)。

带着问题,找到文章对应点,确认题型,分析整理归纳信息并且准确表达信息。 —复读文章,反复揣摩所填之词是否符合文章内容.包括

字母大小写②.名词的数和格③.动词的形式④.形容词副词的比较级最高级⑤. 连词,介词⑥.时态语态,主谓一致,第三人称等

三、必须熟背的常用归纳概括词汇:

表原因:reasons(for), causes (of) 表概括、总结: conclusion

表目的:purpose/intention

表方式、方法:means (of), way(to do/of doing ), method(of..), solution(to doing),

approach(to doing)

表建议:advice, suggestion, tip 表态度、观点:attitude (to/towards..), opinion(on/about….) 表用途、功能:function

表步骤、过程:procedure, process 表异同:difference, similarity

表影响:effect/influence/impact (on…) 表结果、后果:result, consequence

表措施:measure/step (sb take) 表定义:definition

表利弊:advantage, disadvantage 表数量:amount(不可数名词), number(可数名词)

四、解题过程中的具体操作方法

词性转换

1. Without Vitamin B, we could be weak and would not grow fast.

The problems caused by lack of vitamin B are ___________ and slow growth.

2. He thanked all the Member States for placing confidence in him.

3. As far as I can remember, my friends and I didn’t find out we were depressed until we were in high school. We never experienced _____________ when we were in childhood.

4. Participants also said they slept better, had more energy, felt less pain and had fewer food appetites on the

program.

….and they slept better, therefore they were more and less painful.

5. As we all know, if someone wants to pass this exam, he ought to prepare for it well.

Good _____________ is key to passing the exam.

6. Pulitzer left the university 2 million in his will, which led to the creation in 1912 of the Colunbia university Graduate School of Journalism.

In 1912, he helped to _________ the the Colunbia university Graduate School of Journalism.

主被动语态

1. If you look from another angle, the Olympic hosting might bring about some side effects to a city.

Drawbacks may be ______________ about as well.

To some certain degree, Olympic hosting might _______________a city.

2. Involve the school in taking actions on cyberbullying.

Get your child’s school _______________.

非谓语动词

1. It can help you reduce anger. 2. Yet you should still be able to work. Let your arms move freely while you walk. 龙文教育网址www.longwenedu.com 9

中小学个性化辅导专家 Walk with your arms ______________ freely.

3. Skin color is also affected by another source-vitamin D.

Vitamin D is another source ____________ skin color.

同义词(组)、反义词(组)

1. Some research has shown that perhaps 80% of all human illnesses are related to diet and 40% of cancer is related to diet as well.

Diet is _____________ with most of the illnesses and some of cancer. In the night of that first

2.The New York Times said, “ The moonwalk that he made famous is a proper metaphor for his dance style. The New York Times thought the moonwalk was an _________ way to describe his dance style.

3. You should make a list of what you want before you go shopping

____________down what you need before going shopping

单复数

Do you know why people living in particular areas usually have a certain color?

People living in a particular __________ usually have the same skin color.

【任务型阅读解题技巧复习】

任务型阅读要求考生根据阅读文章提供的信息用恰当的词语完成与短文相关的图表,并有一定字数的限制。主要考察学生获取信息的能力(对应信息查找题)、组织信息的能力(对应信息转换题)和概括表达信息能力(对应信息归纳题)。

Ⅰ.任务型阅读点评 任务型阅读中的题型主要包括原词重现,固定搭配,词性转换,提炼概括四大类,四种题型难度指数依次上升。

Ⅱ.解题技巧及高考原题分析

一、解题步骤:一般根据题目特点,可分为以下三步: 1)略读—快速浏览抓住文章中心大意以及文章的结构(借助所给图表结构)。 2)细读—带着问题,找到文章对应点,确认题型,分析整理归纳信息并且准确表达信息。 3)复读—复读文章,反复揣摩所填之词是否符合文章内容,其拼写是否正确。

二、解题技巧: 1.信息查找题: 解题关键是根据问题查找定位信息。常用方法是带着问题有意识地在关键处做标记。如:(1)5W and 1H:who, what ,when, where ,why ,how(2)时间先后: first , then , after ,that , next, finally

(3)因果:because , thus , lead to, cause, as a result (4)比较:similarly, differently(5)转折:but, while, however, instead, on the contrary 2.信息转换题

解题关键:是根据问题查找定位信息,加工分析并转换成另一种表达方式。

(1)词形/性转换,即练习将一种词类转换成另一种词类,主要包括动词与名词转换、形容词与副词转换、

形容词与名词转换。解题方法很简单,只要在文中找到关键词即可。例如:

①.原文:be responsible for your own learning...(2008江苏高考题) 转换成表格中:Take(76)_________ for one’s own learning.

②.Positive,negative,and neutral messages that you receive from others all play a role in determining who you are.(2009江苏高考题) 转换成表格中:Messages from others help you(73) who you are.

③. communication involves others in the sense that a competent communicator considers what the other person needs and expects when selecting messages to share.(2009江苏高考题) 转换成表格中:Needs and(74) of others should be considered.

④. With all the information available, it's not surprising that people can feel confused.(09安徽)转换成表格中:There is a lot job information on-line, but too much of it may sometimes be ⑤. Regularly updated, the Handbook is available as a book and on-line. (2009安徽高考题) 转换成表格中:The information is updated in a (78)________ manner.

⑥. You can also learn how to apply for jobs. 转换成表格中:Its vast resources include ways of job (79)_______. (2009安徽高考题)

⑦. It's worth taking the time and finding as much information as you can. (2009安徽高考题) 转换成表格中:The time you spend and the efforts you make will be (85)_________.

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中小学个性化辅导专家

(2)句子结构转换: 做此类题首先要理解题意,其次仔细比较原句和题目,明白出题人的意图,只要找出题

眼就不难得出答案。以2009年江苏高考题为例:

①.原文:But every day we experience the centrality of our selves in communication. 转换成表格中:we are always(71) ▲ in communication with others.

②.原文:we are constantly providing behaviors that have communicative value for them. 转换成表格中:We are constantly(78) ▲ meanings by what we do.

③. 原文:Your second experience with a similar setting and person made far different results. 转换成表格中:Yon may redo the conversation,but you(80) ▲ achieve the same results. 3.上覆盖栏内信息;针对性,量体裁衣,大小适度;醒目性,简洁。 常见概括性词有:原因:reason, cause;结果:result, effect;目的:aim, purpose;方法:measure, ;观点:opinion, view, attitude;异同:differences, similarities;优劣:advantages, disadvantages;其它:time, purpose, behavior, feeling。

【随 堂 练 习】

请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。

Every year there are hundreds of earthquakes in different parts of the world. In Sept.1923, Tokyo and

Yokohama were both destroyed by an earthquake and the fires that followed it. They had to be completely rebuilt. One of the most serious earthquakes was in China’s Shanxi Province in 1556. It killed almost one million people.

We measure an earthquake’s strength on the Richter scale. The Richter scale was introduced in 1935 in

Southern California in the USA. It measures earthquakes on a scale of one to ten. Any earthquake measuring five or more is usually serious.

The earth’s crust (地壳) is made up of layers of rock called plates. As these plates move, they sometimes crash against each other, causing the crust to quake. In cities such as Tokyo, where small quakes happen quite often, many modern buildings are designed to be flexible so when the earth moves, they move with it.

Earthquakes can also break up gas or oil pipes. This can cause fires to break out, which can do as much damage as the earthquake itself.

Another effect of earthquakes is tsunamis (海啸). These are huge waves created by earthquakes beneath the sea. They can be many metres high and cause great damage to coastal towns and cities.

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导师签字: 南京龙文教育

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