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B3-5 练习答案

发布时间:2014-02-07 15:51:37  

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

I. 1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases chosen from the box. Change the form where necessary.

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

1) The cook put the meat in a plate, sprinkled _________ it with salt and pepper, wrapped up the plate in aluminum

foil and then placed it in the oven to roast.
2) Every waking moment we talk to ourselves about the things we experience. Our self-talk, the thoughts we communicate to ourselves, _________ in turn control the way we feel and act.

3) John made everyone laugh when he got the words

reversed and referred to himself as "my husband's _________
wife.”

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

4) You can't live a perfect day without doing
something for someone who will perhaps never be

repay you. able to _________ at sea 5) Because the Earth is a sphere, sailors _________ only can view other ships to a distance of about 13 miles before those ships seem to disappear into the horizon.

traditional ideas lightly as no 6) Johnson dismissed _________________ good on several occasions.

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

7) One tends to believe whatever one repeats to statement oneself sufficiently often, whether the _________ be true or false. 8) Susan told me numerous times how her sister longed for ______________ children.

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

9) I don't know what my roommate is up to

in secret either because he does everything _________,
when I am away or when I am asleep.

10) For economic reasons, shipbuilders have unloaded designed vessels that can be loaded and _________ in a minimum amount of time with minimum labor.

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

weep 11) Laugh, and the world laughs with you; _______, and you weep alone.
12) A national debate is now ____________ under way about the manner in which we as a society should protect our natural resources.

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

2. Use the verb in brackets to form an
appropriate phrasal verb you have

learned and complete the sentence with it:

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

Model: I ________thinking about Thanksgiving, of the Pilgrims, Indians, wild turkeys, pumpkins, corn on the cob, and the rest. (get)

I got to thinking about Thanksgiving, of the
Pilgrims, Indians, wild turkeys, pumpkins, corn

on the cob, and the rest.

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

1) At the end of a hard day Sue likes to go home and strech out in her favorite armchair listening to _____________________ a record. (strech)

make out what 2) Tom listened hard, but couldn't ________________ his parents were saying because they were talking too softly. (make)
3) How often things occur by mere chance which we hope for . (hope) dared not even _________________ 4) If he hears something he can't understand, my brother always ______ turns it ______ out in his mind until he can make sense of it. (turn)

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-

B3

5) A national flag should be folded carefully and put away when not in use. (put) __________________ 6) Poetry often reveals to us the loveliness of nature back the freshness of youthful feelings, and brings __________________ (bring) 7) Since she met some disabled young girls at college, got to she __________________ thinking about creating movies that tell people more about their world, (get) 8) Setting a goal is not the main thing. What really go about matters is deciding how you will __________________ achieving it. (go)

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

I. 3. Rewrite each sentence with the

word or phrase in brackets, keeping
the same meaning. The first part has been written for you.

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

1. people are working to increase the use of solar energy now that they have fewer supplies of traditional fuels. (diminish)

As supplies of traditional fuels

diminish, people are working to ________________________________

increase the use of solar energy.

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

2. High priority is given to meeting the challenges of economic and environmental development in the region. (accord)

accord high priority to meeting the We_____________________________________

challenges of economic and environmental ______________________________________
development in the region. ________________________________.

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

3. Children of today do not automatically become more sophisticated because they have access to more information than children of the past. (be exposed to) While it is true that children of today are exposed to more information than children _______________________________________ of the past were, they don’t automatically _______________________________________ _____________________________________ become more sophisticated.

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

4. British history and culture has begun to take up almost all her attention and energy since she borrowed those books from the library. (be immersed in)
Since she borrowed those books from

the library she has __________________ been immersed in

________________________. British history and culture

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

5. On June 1, 2000 he lost both legs in a serious traffic accident, which changed everything all of a sudden. (in a flash) Everything changed ________________ in a flash on June

1, 2000 when he lost both legs in a _________________________________ serious traffic accident ______________________.

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

I.4. Complete the following, using the words or phrases in brackets. Make additions or changes where necessary.

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

Model: they were alternately pulling out fistfuls of letters and barking ______ names of sailors who were,_______, shouting back “Here! Here!” __________ pushing. (amid, successive, in turn) They were alternately pulling out fi

stfuls of letters and barking successive names of sailors who were, in turn, shouting back “Here! Here!” amid the pushing.

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

my sincere thanks to 1. I’d like to express ____________
everyone who has been so ________________ considerate of my wellbeing. My heart is filled

with gratitude that words cannot express. _____________
(gratitude, sincere, considerate)

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

2.

After everyone

assembled __________

on

the
and

playground

___________ amid the

noise

excitement of the spectators, our coach again

impressed on us the need to do our best ______________
____________ in quest of excellence. (amid, impress, assemble, in quest of)

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

3. Everything I saw in my hometown

was marvelous . I could hardly believe that it _____________
_______________ changes had undergone such ________ swift
through cultivating fruits, vegetables, flowers

and the rest in the past few years. (and the _____________
rest, swift, undergo, marvelous)

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

II. Collocation
Adjective + of Some adjective are often followed by the preposition of, as in the following example taken from the text: I reminded her of a dozen ways she used to teach me how to tell the truth, to share, and to be forgiving and considerate of others.

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

Now choose suitable words from those given below to complete the following sentences together with the proposition “of”

sick thoughtful critical guilty uncertain confident conscious fond

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

1) The man who is _________ fond of books is usually a

man of noble thought.
2) A few years after George settled down in the

small town, he became ___________ the same sick of
old routine every day. 3) Thank you for calling to see if John’s ankle is

thoughtful of you. getting better – it’s very ______________

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

4) Considering the odds stacked against him. I

do not feel ____________ confident of his chances of success.
5) Let a man become ______________ conscious of what he is

and he will soon learn what he should be .
6) When you write a letter of application, you must pay particular attention to punctuations, grammar and spelling as employers are always __________ critical of poor letters.

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

7) Margaret was in low spirits because she guilty of cheating on the recent test in felt _________ physics and made up her mind never to let

this recur.
ashamed of himself for being 8) Jared is ____________

so ignorant.

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

III. Usage
In English, rather than is often used in the sense of in preference to or instead of. In the text you can find:
Rather than saying they would forgive that I hadn’t previously thanked them, instead, for Pete’s sake, they were thanking me. Now rewrite e

ach of the following sentences with “rather than”, keeping the same meaning.

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

1. To know what people really think, pay regard to what they do instead of what they say. To know what people really think, pay regard ________________________________________

to what they do, rather than what they say. _____________________________________
2. It is cooperation not conflict, that will enable you to achieve success. It is cooperation, rather than conflict, that will ________________________________________ enable you to achieve your success. ______________________________

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

3.

Ann made students think for themselves instead of telling them what to think. Ann make students think for themselves rather ________________________________________

than telling then what to think. _____________________________________
4. I don’t think I’d like to go out this evening. I’ll stay home instead. I think I’ll stay at home this evening rather __________________________________________ than go/going out. . ___________________________

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

5.

Most people are content to let perfect days happen at random instead of planning for them. Most people are content to let perfect days ________________________________________ happen at random rather than plan/planning ________________________________________

for them. ______

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

I. Close 1. Text- related Complete the following passage with words chosen from the words and Phrases to Drill box. Change the form where necessary.

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

Alex Haley was __ ___ (1) when he started at sea thinking how best he could mark Thanksgiving.

Turning over _________ ____(2) the meaning of the holiday in
his mind, he came to reverse ________(3) the order of

got to the words and ____ ___ (4) thinking about giving
thanks. How, he wondered, could he

repay ___________(5) those who had been so helpful to
him in the past? It seemed to him that the best
way he could express his _____________ gratitude (6)

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

would be to write to them. For too long he had gone about without troubling to tell them how much he _____________(7) all that they had done appreciated for him. Before long he had ___________(8) pen assembled immersed in and paper and was _________ __ (9) writing. Not

unloading long after the ship reached port, ___________(10)
its cargo together with his letters. The replies were not ________ swift (11) in arriving, but when they did, he found them deeply moving.

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

2. Theme-related
Read the passage carefully and you have got its main idea, and then select one appropriate word for each gap from the box following the passage.

Wake up each day and give gratitude for what you have. Instead ____________ of giving any thought at all to what you do not h

ave in your life, just spend as much time as you

possibly can each day giving thanks for all of the people,
opportunities, material ____________, possessions good health and any other things that you have in your life that make it so good. It is said that we take so much for granted that we sometimes forget to be thankful for the small things that make our lives so much ________. richer If you have ever been out of ________ breath or under water for too long, the next

breaths you take are that much sweeter.

Tell others how much you love and __________ them cherish every chance you get. You may never see someone again so you always want to leave them by telling them just how _________ special they are to you. When you are telling them how much you care about them and how thankful you are for having them in your life, give them __________ specific examples of what you love about them the most.

Take the time to appreciate every little thing in your life. When the sun is __________, the grass is wet beneath shining

your feet and your dog is barking, give thanks to these
small __________. miracles Every moment we have is a _______. gift Use your time to show and tell others how important and special they are. Giving someone your time and kind words is the greatest gift of all.

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

II. Translation
1. Translate the sentences onto English, using the words or phrases in brackets.

1) 奶奶想当然地认为粮价要涨看所以买了许多大米。 (take sth. for granted) Grandma took it for granted that food prices ______________________________________ would soar, so she bought a lot of rice. ______________________________________. 2)我可以给你引用几个例子来说明她献身科学的精神。 (quote, instance) I can quote you several instances of her dedication ________________________________________

to science. ________________________________________.

3) 20世纪80年代中国一些经济特区开始迅速发展起来。 (see, swift) The 1980s saw the start of the swift development of ______________________________________ some special economic zones in China. ______________________________________. 4)两国关系的紧张部分是由最近的间谍事件引起的。 (in part) Tension between the two countries stemmed in part ________________________________________

from the latest spy affair. ________________________________________.

5)彼得已在一家律师事务所当了多年的律师。 你可以考虑请他做你的律师, 当你需要法律援助时, 由他代你行事(on sb.’s behalf) Peter has worked in a law firm for many years. ______________________________________ You can consider having him as your lawyer to act ______________________________________ on your behalf when you need legal help. ______________________________________.

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

2. Translate the following passage into English, using the words

and phrases given below.

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

be immersed in successive specific on one’s behalf rather than impress at sea undergo in quest of bring back gratitude amid accord quote 在感恩节的气氛中,乔治沉浸于阅读他父亲留给他的日

记。他父亲在连续两次完成环球旅行后在海上去世。

________________________________________________

Amid the atmosphere of Thanksgiving, George ________________________________________________ was immersed in the diary left to him by his ________________________________________________

father, who died at sea after completing two ________________________________________________
successive trips around the world. ________________________________________________

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

be immersed in successive specific on one’s behalf rather than impress at sea undergo in quest of bring back gratitude amid accord quote
这份日记使他回忆起自己与父亲一起度过的每一刻以及

父亲为他所做的许多具体事情。乔治的父亲过去经常向
他强调必须经历各种艰苦困难去追求卓越。

The diary brought back every moment George _____________________________________________ had spent with his father and lots of the specific _____________________________________________ things his father did on his behalf. George's _____________________________________________ father used to impress on him the need to _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ undergo all kinds of hardships in quest of ____________ excellence.

Unit 5: How to celebrate holidays

NCE-B3

be immersed in successive specific on one’s behalf rather than impress at sea undergo in quest of bring back gratitude amid accord quote

即使今天,他依然记得父亲如何引用“懂得感激是高尚者的
标志”这句伊索(Aesop)名言来教导他要把懂得感激放在最 重要的位置。

________________________________________________

Even today, George still remembers how his father ________________________________________________
________________________________________________
________________________________________________ ________________________________________________

quote Aesop’s famous saying “Gratitude is the sign of noble souls” and tell him to accord the greatest importance to it.


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