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小升初英语总结

发布时间:2014-02-08 10:47:58  

小升初英语语法汇总: 名词 普通名词所表示的人或事物是可以按个数计算的,这类名词叫可数名词。可数名词分为个体名词(表示某类人或事物中的个体,如worker, farmer, desk, factory等)和集体名词(表示作为一个整体来看的一群人或一些事物,如people, family 等)。如果普通名词所表示的事物是不能按个数来计算的,这类名词就叫不可数名词。不可数名词分为物质名词(表示无法分为个体的物质,如meat, rice, water, milk, orange 等)和抽象名词(表示动作、状态、情况、品质等抽象概念,如work, homework, time, health, friendship等)。 可数名词 有单数和复数两种形式。指一个人或一件事物时,用单数形式;指两个或多个人或事物时用复数形式。名词由单数形式变成复数形式的规则如下: 名词复数规则

1、一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds 读音:清辅音后读[s],浊辅音和元音后读[z]。

2、以s、 x、 sh、 ch结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches读音:[iz]。

3、以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries读音:[z]。

4、以“f或fe”结尾,变f或fe为v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives 读音:[z]

5. 以“o”结尾的词,分两种情况

1)有生命的+es 读音:[z] 如:mango-mangoes tomato-tomatoes hero-heroes

2) 无生命的+s 读音:[z] 如:photo-photos radio-radios

6.不规则名词复数: man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen, mouse-mice child-children foot-feet,、tooth-teeth fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese 单复数形式一致的顺口溜

口诀:一个中国人和一个日本人骑着一只羊和鹿去吃水煮鱼。 解释:Chinese, Japanese , deer, sheep, fish

表示民族的名词顺口溜

口诀:“中、日、瑞”友好是一致;

“英、法”联盟a变e;

其他一律加s 。

解释: Chinese,Japanese单复数同形;

Englishman,Frenchman的复数为Englishmen,Frenchmen;

其他像German,American,Australian等的复数形式是在后面加“s”。

名词可数不可数“六注意”

1、可数名词是可以用来计数的名词。可数名词有单数和复数形式。如:desk-desks, apple-apples等。不可数名词是不可以直接用来计数的名词。不可数名词没有复数形式,只有单数形式。如:some bread, a little milk等。

2、单数可数名词表示泛指时,前面要用不定冠词a(an),表示特指时,前面要用定冠词the; 而不可数名词前不能用a(an)修饰,表示特指时,前面一定要用定冠词the。如: He is a factory worker. 他是一名工人。

No one can see air. 没有人能看见空气。

3、可数名词和不可数名词前都可以用some, any, a lot of, lots of 等来修饰,表示"一些,许多"。如:

There are some oranges on the desk. 桌子上有一些桔子。

There is a lot of water in the bottle. 瓶里有许多水。

4、可数名词前可用具体的数词来表示具体的数量。如:two apples, four books等。不可数名词前通常用"单位词+of"来表示数量。如: a piece of paper, three pieces of paper等。

5、可数名词作主语时,谓语动词的单复数与主语的单复数保持一致。如: This picture is very beautiful. 这幅画很美。

不可数名词作主语时,谓语动词要用单数形式,但是不可数名词前有复数"单位词"时,谓语动词要用复数形式。如:

There are two cups of tea on the table. 桌上有两杯茶。

6、对可数名词前的修饰语提问用how many; 对不可数名词前的修饰语提问用how much。 如:

How many apples are there in the box?盒子里有多少个苹果?

How much tea is there in the cup?杯里有多少茶水?

注意:对不可数名词前的"单位词"的修饰语提问时,疑问词用how many。 如: How many pieces of bread are there on the plate?盘子里有多少片面包?

7、不规则变化

1) 元音字母发变化。

如man--men(男人) , woman--women(妇女)

tooth--teeth(牙齿) , foot--feet(脚)

mouse--mice(老鼠) , policeman--policemen(警察)

policewoman--policewomen(女警察)

2) 词尾发生变化。

如child--children(小孩) , ox--oxen(公牛)

3) 单、复数形式相同。

如fish--fish(鱼) ,sheep--sheep(绵羊) ,deer--deer(鹿),Chinese--Chinese(中国人) ,yuan--Yuan(元) ,jinn--jinn(斤)

注意 不说an English,要说an Englishman.

①fish作鱼肉讲时不可数,没有复数。

②fishes指各种不同种类鱼或指几条鱼。

4) 形似单数,实为复数意义。

如people(人,人们)these people

(不说a people,可说a person)

police(公安,警察)ten police

(不说a police,可说a policeman)

5) 由man和woman构成的合成名词,变复数将名词及man或woman都变成复数。 如a man driver-men drivers(男司机)

a woman doctor-women doctors (女医生)

6) 合成名词变为复数时,通常只将里面所含的主体名词变为复数。

如passer-by-passers-by(过路人)

bus driver-bus drivers(汽车司机)

注意如果没有主体名词,就在最后一词上加-s。如:

grown-up-grown-ups(成年人)

letter-box-letter-boxes (信箱)

注意①hair和fruit通常作单数,表示总体。若表示若干根头发或若干种水果,则需用这两个词的复数形式。

如Would you like some more fruit? 你要不要再吃点水果?

We bought a lot of fruit from the market. 我们从市场上买了许多水果,

China has some good frits. 中国有一些好的水果。(指种类)

She has a few white hairs. 她有几要白头发。

His black hair is going white. 他的黑发逐渐变成灰白色。

注意②wind ,snow和rain这类词,有时也可以有复数形式,表示多次的风、雪或雨。 注意以boy 和girl开头的复合名词变成复数时,一般只把后一名词变成复数。

如 boy student-boy students(男学生)

girlfriend--girlfriends(女朋友)

7) 有些名词只有作复数。

如scissors(剪刀)a pair ofscissors(一把剪刀)trousers(裤子)shorts(短裤)jeans(工装裤)compasses

(两脚规)scales(天平)sunglasses(太阳镜)surroundings(环境)savings(储蓄)writings(作品)

名词+man(woman)构成的复合名词,其复数形式通常与简单名词一样,即把man(woman)改成men(women)。

如Englishman--Englishmen(英国人)

Frenchwoman--Frenchwomen(法国妇女)

注意German不是复合词,它的复数是Germans。

一、写出下列名词的复数形式

1.computer ____________ 2.apple ____________ 3.city ______________

4.house _____________ 5.sheep _____________ 6.watch ______________

7.tomato _____________8.child _____________ 9.tooth ________

10.foot ______________ 11.wife _____________12.potato ____________

13.play _____________ 14.day ____________ 15.glass ______________

16.radio ______________ 17.zoo ______________ 18. life ______________

19. story _____________ 20.leaf _____________ 21. baby _____________

22.dress _____________ 23.butterfly _____________24. deer _____________

25.class _____________ 26.brush _____________ 27.key _____________

28. English ____________29.mouse ____________30. man _____________

二、汉译英

1.Tom的足球 _________________ 2. 老师们的自行车_________________

3.学生们的课桌 _________________ 4.哥哥的文具盒_________________

5.姑姑的卡片 _________________ 6.猴子们的香蕉_________________

7.蚂蚁们的早餐 _________________ 8.妈妈的包_________________

9.姐姐的连衣裙_________________ 10女孩们的苹果_________________

三、把下列句子翻译成英文

1.这些 是Peter 的篮球吗? ________________________________________

2.这个是老师的钢笔吗? ___________________________________________

3.有一些书在Sam的课桌上。________________________________________

4.有一些孩子们在教室里。___________________________________________

四、改错 (圈出错处,在横线上改正过来)

1.There are some butterflys on the table. ________________________

2.This is Alice dress. ______________________

3.I like tomato very much. __________________

五、将下列句子变成复数形式。

1.This dog is brown.

___________________________________________________

2. There is a book and a pen on the table.

___________________________________________________

3.That woman is a teacher.

六.填入所给名词的正确形式

1. I have two_____ (knife)

2. There are many _____ here. (box)

3. There are many _____ on the road. (bus)

4. A few _____ are drawing on the wall. (boy)

5. The _____ are playing football now. (child)

小升初英语语法汇总:一般现在时

1、一般现在时表示经常或习惯性的动作,也可表示现在的状态或主语具备的性格和能力。

2、在一般现在时中,句中有be动词或情态动词时,否定句在be动词和情态动词后加not,一般疑问句将be动词或情态动词放在句首。

3.在一般现在时中,句中没有be动词或情态动词时,变否定用do+not (don’t) does+not (doesn’t) 变一般疑问句用 do does(主语为第三人称单数用doesn’t does, 后加动词原形)变一般疑问句时第一人称变成第二人称。

4. 第三人称单数 动词+s的变化规则

1、一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks

2 、以s、 x、 sh、 ch、 o结尾,加-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes

3、以“辅音字母+y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:study-studies 肯定句、否定句、一般疑问句及回答

1. They are teachers.

---- They are not teachers.

------ Are They teachers?

------Yes, they are. / No, they are not.

2. He is a student.

------He is a student.

-------Is he a student?

------Yes ,he is. / No, he is not .

3. I am a teacher.

------I am not a teacher.

-------Are you a teacher?

------Yes i am ./ No i am not.

4. We are teachers.

------We are not teachers.

------Are are teachers?

-----Yes, we are. No we are not.

5、They watch TV at six every day.

-------They don?t watch TV at six every day.

-------Do they watch TV at six every day?

-------Yes, they do. / No, they don?t.

6、She watches TV at six every day.

-------She doesn?t watch TV at six every day.

-------Does she watch TV at six every day?

--------Yes, she does. / No, she doesn?t. 一、 写出下列动词的第三人称单数

drink ________ go _______ stay ________ make ________

look _________ have_______ pass_______ carry ____

come________ watch______ plant_______ fly ________

study_______ brush________ do_________ teach_______

二.将下列句子改成一般疑问句和否定句:

1. It is a lovely dog.________________________________________

2. She is lovely girl.________________________________________

3. He is my father._________________________________________

4. They are Lily’s cousins. ___________________________________

5. We are classmates. ______________________________________

6. I am a doctor. ________________________________________

7. There is a bird in the tree. ________________________________

8. There are many stars in the sky. ____________________________

9. They are good friends. ____________________________________

10. I love my parents. _______________________________________

11. I play computer games every night. _________________________

12. There are many books on the shelf. __________________________

13. There is an ostrich in the zoo. _______________________________

14. We have a pleasant home. __________________________________

15. We like to climb the mountain. ______________________________

16. They go to church on Sunday. ______________________________

17. They walk to school every morning. __________________________

18. It is a beautiful park. ______________________________

19. It is a big map. ______________________________

20. You are a singer. ______________________________

三、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。

1) He often ______( have ) dinner at home.

2) Daniel and Tommy ______ ( be ) in Class One.

3) We ______ ( not watch ) TV on Monday.

4) Nick ______ ( not go ) to the zoo on Sunday.

5) ____they ______ ( like ) the World Cup?

6) There ( be ) some water in the bottle.

7) ____your parents _____( read ) newspapers every day?

8) Mike______ ( like ) cooking.

9) You always ______ ( do ) your homework well.

10) They ______ ( have ) the same hobby.

11) My aunt ______ ( look ) after her baby carefully.

12) Liu Tao ______ ( do ) not like PE.

13) She and I ______ ( take ) a walk together every evening. 14)What time_________ his father_________(do) the work?

15)He _________(get) up at five o?clock.

16).__________ you _________(brush) your teeth every morning.

17)What ________ ( do ) he usually ________( do ) after school?

18).Tom ________ ( study ) English, Chinese, Maths, Science and Art at school.

19). Kitty sometimes __________(go) to the park with his sister.

20).At eight at night, she __________( watch ) TV with her parents.

21) ________ Mike________( read ) English every day?

22)How many lessons________ your classmates______( have ) on Monday?

23).We often___________ ( play ) football in the playground.

四、按要求转换句子,每空一词。

1) Tom likes playing basketball with his friends. (改成否定句)

Tom_____ ______ playing basketball with his friends.

2) David?s parents often take a walk after supper. (改为一般疑问句并作出否定回答) - ______David?s parents often ______ a walk after supper?

- No, ______ ______.

3) They usually watch TV. (对划线部分提问)

______ ______ they usually ______?

4) She is always a good student. (改为一般疑问句并作出肯定回答)

- _____ ______ always a ______ student?

- ______ , ______ ______. 5) Simon and Daniel like going skating. (改为否定句)

Simon and Daniel ______ ______ going ______.

五.综合题

1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________

2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

________________________________________________________

3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答)

___________________________

4. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) ___________________________________________________

5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句)

_______________________________________________________

6. He speaks English very well.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________

7. John comes from Canada.(对划线部分提问)

___________________________________________________

8. She is always a good student.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

________________________________________________________

9. Simon and Daniel like going skating.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________

六.选择

( ) 1. _____ you have a book?

A. Do B. Are C. Is D. Have

( )2. They _________ on a farm.

A. working B. is work C. work D. is worked ( ) 3. Does Peter like to watch TV? A. Yes, he like B. No, he doesn?t C. Yes, he?d like D. No, he likes ( )4. She doesn?t __________ her homework in the afternoon. A. doing B. to do C. does D. do ( )5. How ____________ Mr. Brown ___________ to America? A. do,go B. is,go C. does,go D. does,goes ( )6. Where?s my camera? I____________ it. A. am not finding B. am not seeing C. can?t find D. can?t look at ( )7. How ___________ he go to work? He ___________ to work by bike. A. does ;go B. do;goes C. do ;go D. does;goes ( )8. ______ you usually late for school?No, _____________. A. Do ; I am B. Does ;not C. Are ; I?m not D. Are ; I aren?t ( )9. _____ she _____ home at six every day? A. Is , leave B. Does , leave C. Is , leaves D. Does , left ( )10. Mr. Yang ____________ English this term.

A. teaches our B. teaches us C. teachs us D. teach our

七、改错(划出错误的地方,将正确的写在横线上)

1. Is your brother speak English? __________________

2. Does he likes going fishing? __________________

3. He likes play games after class. __________________

4. Mr. Wu teachs us English. __________________

5. She don't do her homework on Sundays. _________________

小升初英语语法汇总:一般过去时

1、一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用。一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作感谢。有表示过去的时间状语,现在学过的常用的表示过去的时间状语有:just now,a moment,yesterday,last week,last night,last weekend,last year,last month,three days ago,two weeks ago,five years ago?

1、一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked

2、结尾是e加d,如:taste-tasted

3、末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped

4、以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变y为i, 再加-ed,如:study-studied

5、不规则动词过去式: am,is-was, are-were, do-did, see-saw, say-said, give-gave, get-got, go-went, come-came, have-had, eat-ate, take-took, run-ran, sing-sang, put-put, make-made, read-read, write-wrote, draw-drew, drink-drank, fly-flew, ride-rode, speak-spoke, sweep-swept, swim-swam, sit-sat

2、Be动词在一般过去时中的变化: ⑴am 和is在一般过去时中变为was。(was not=wasn’t) ⑵are在一般过去时中变为were。(were not=weren’t) ⑶带有was或were的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和is, am, are一样,即否定句在was或were后加not,一般疑问句把was或were调到句首。

3、句中没有be动词的一般过去时的句子 否定句:didn’t +动词原形,如:Jim didn’t go home yesterday、 一般疑问句:在句首加did,句子中的动词过去式变回原形。如:Did Jim go home yesterday? 特殊疑问句: ⑴疑问词+did+主语+动词原形?如: What did Jim do yesterday? ⑵疑问词当主语时:疑问词+动词过去式?如:Who went to home yesterday?

总结:1.句中有be动词am is are was were或情态动词时,否定句在be动词和情态动词 后加not,一般疑问句将be动词或情态动词放在句首。

2.句中没有be动词或情态动词时,变否定用do+not (don’t) does+not (does n’t) did+not(didn’t) 变一般疑问句用 do does did(主语为第三人称单数 用doesn’t does, 后加动词原形 动词为过去时用didn’t, did)变一般疑问句 时第一人称变成第二人称。

句型变换:

1. I was a teacher five years ago.

-----I wasn’t a teacher five years ago.

-----Were you a teacher five years ago?

-----Yes, I was. / No, I wasn’t.

2. They played many games yesterday.

-----They didn’t play many games yesterday.

-----Did they play many games yesterday?

-----Yes, they did. / No, they didn’t.

特殊疑问 一、以特殊疑问词开头,对句中某一成分提问的句子叫特殊疑问句。常用的疑问词有: Who谁 Whose谁的 Why为什么 When什么时候 Where在哪里 Which哪一个 What什么 What time什么时间 What color什么颜色 How怎么样 How many多少{数量} How much多少钱{价格},多少(对不可数名词进行提问) How long多长 How often多少次How big多大 How heavy多重{重量} How far多远{路程}

对划线部分提问

第一步,找准特殊疑问词。

第二步,be动词或情态动词提前或加助动词。 第三步,做变化从头抄剩余词。

1 . 对划线提问)

A:找准疑问词: How old

B:提前BE动词: is

C:抄剩余词: he

即:How old is he?

2 . A:找准 特殊疑问词:How

B:加助动词(三单时): does

C:作变化(goes—go)抄剩余词: her mother go to school

即:How does her mother go to school?

3 . A:找准疑问词: When

B:加助动词:(过去时) did

C:作变化(将went 变为go)

并抄剩余词: they go to work.

即:When did they go to work?

一.写出下列动词的过去式

is\am_________ fly_______ plant________ are ________ drink_________ play_______ go________ make ________ does_________ dance________ worry________ ask _____ taste_________ eat__________ draw________ put ______ throw________ kick_________ pass_______ do ________

二、 用be动词的适当形式填空

1. I _______ at school just now.

2. He ________ at the camp last week.

3. We ________ students two years ago.

4. They ________ on the farm a moment ago.

5. I ______ an English teacher now.

6. She _______ happy yesterday.

7. They _______ glad to see each other last month.

8. Helen and Nancy ________ good friends.

二、句型转换

1. It was exciting.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

2. All the students were very excited.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

3. There was a car in front of the house just now.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

4. Su Hai took some photos at the Sports day.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

5. Nancy went to school early.

否定句:________________________________________________ 一般疑问句:____________________________________________ 肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

四、用行为动词的适当形式填空

1. He _________ (live) in Wuxi two years ago. 2. The cat ________ (eat) a bird last night. 3. We _______ (have) a party last Halloween. 4. Nancy ________ (pick) up oranges on the farm last week. 5. I ________ (make) a model ship with Mike yesterday. 6. They ________ (play) chess in the classroom last PE lesson. 7. My mother _______ (cook) a nice food last Spring Festival. 8. The girls ________ (sing) and _______ (dance) at the party.

9.He _____(visit) the Great Wall last year.

10.We________(have) a good time yesterday.

11.We often _______(go) to school by bus last year.

12.I ________(live)in the village when I was a child.

13.Mike______(see) a big tiger in the nature park last year.

14.Sam_____ (do) the housework yesterday.

15.______(do) you _______(enjoy) yourself yesterday?

16.______(do)you _________(play) the violin in the artroom yesterday? No, I didn't. I_____(draw)some pictures there.

17.. I ______ (eat) a big pizza yesterday.

18.There____ (be) many sheep on the farm last year.

19. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday.

20. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night.

21. We _________ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go)

22. ______ you _______ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival?

23. ______ he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______.

24. It_____( be ) Ben’s birthday last Friday.

25. We all_____ ( have ) a good time last night.

26.He _____ ( jump ) high on last Sports Day.

27.Helen _____ ( milk ) a cow on Friday.

28.She likes_____newspapers, but she _____a book yesterday. ( read )

29. He _____football now, but they _____basketball just now. ( play )

30. Jim’s mother _____ ( plant ) trees just now.

31._____they _____ ( sweep ) the floor on Sunday? No, they_____.

32. I _______ ( watch ) a cartoon on Monday.

33. We_____ ( go ) to school on Sunday.

四.按要求改写句子。

1) My father came to the shop just now.(改为否定句)

My father_____ _____ to the shop just now.

2) I watched TV last night.(改为一般疑问句,并作否定回答)

-_____you _____ TV last _____?

-- _____ , _____ _____.

3) Their teacher told them a story yesterday.(对划线部分提问)

_____ _____ their teacher_____them yesterday?

4) They were on the farm last Saturday.(改为否定句)

They _____ on the farm last Saturday.

5) David and Liu Tao did their homework together a moment ago.(改为一般疑问句) _____ David and Liu Tao_____ _____ homework together _____ _____.

六.选择填空

( ) 1. She watered the flowers ________.

A tomorrow B sometimes C yesterday morning

( ) 2.What ____ Mike do last weekend ? A do B does C did

( ) 3. I ___ my room last Sunday. A cleaned B clean C am cleaning

( ) 4. I often help my mother _____ housework.

A does B did C do

( ) 5. _____ you _____ TV last night .

A Do, watch B Did, watch C Did, watched

( ) 6.---Did your father write an e-mail yesterday ?

A Yes, he did. B Yes, he does C No, he don’t

( ) 7.They _____ on a trip in February ,2007.

A are going B going C went

( ) 8. ____ he ____ football two days ago?

A Does , play B Did , played C Did , play

( ) 9.----Good afternoon, Miss Lee. How does Mike feel?

-----He’s tired . He ____ a lot of work ______ .

A does , this morning B do , this morning C did , this morning

( )10、My father __________football every week.

A. played B. plays C. playing

( )11、I played basketball in the playground __________ weekend.

A. last B. next C. this

( )12、My grandparents __________ in the evenings.

A. watches B. watch TV C. watched TV

( )13、Did Rose __________ last Sunday?

A. went swimming B. read a book C. taking pictures

( )14、Tom __________ very happy last night..

A. looks B. is C. was

( ) 15. __________ was your last trip? Last weekend.

A. When B. Where C. How

( )16、What __________ you __________ for the last day of the holiday?

A. do, do B. did, do C. do, did

( )17、It was a long holiday. They_____ Shanghai on Mar. 2nd and _______

to Harbin on the 3rd.

A. leave, got B. left , get C. left, got

( )18、She __________ homework last night.

A. doesn’t , do B. don’t ,did C. didn’t ,do

( )19. He __________ in the river last week.

A. swam B. swims C. swum

( )20. --Can you __________? -- Yes, I __________ last night. A. dance, danced B. dances, dance C. danced ,danced

七、就画线部分提问 1.He is my father.

2.They are under the tree.

3.I often watch TV after dinner.

4.Lily swims in the swimming pool.(游泳池)

5.Superman flies in the sky.

6.I often brush my teeth in the evening.

7.Alan likes to play with Bill.

8.Joe's father plays badminton(羽毛球) every weekend.

9.The supermarket is near the school.

10.The laptop(笔记本电脑) is on the table.

11.Jennifer has a pair of earrings(耳环).

12.The flowers are in the flower pot(花盆).

13.My grandpa took us to the zoo.

14.I put the gold fish(金鱼) into the fish tank(鱼缸).

15.The monkey sleeps at night.

小升初英语语法汇总:现在进行时

1.现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发生的动作,也可表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作。句中往往有now、look、listen等词。注意:千万不要忘了一定得有be动词。 2、现在进行时的肯定句基本结构为be+动词ing、

3、现在进行时的否定句在be后加not。

4、现在进行时的一般疑问句把be动词调到句首。

动词加ing变化规则

1、一般情况下,直接加ing,如:cook-cooking

2、以不发音的e结尾,去e加ing,如:make-making, taste-tasting

3、如果末尾是辅元辅,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加ing,如:run-running, stop-stopping

一、写出下列动词的现在分词:

play________ run__________ swim _________make__________ go_________ like________ write________ _ski___________ read________ have_________ sing ________ dance_________ put_________ see________ buy _________ love____________ live_______ take_________ come ________ get_________ stop_________ sit ________ begin________ shop___________

二、用所给的动词的正确形式填空。

1) The boy ______ ______ ( draw ) a picture now.

2) What______you ______ ( do ) now?

3) Listen. Some girls ______ ______ ( sing ) in the classroom.

4) My mother ______ ______ ( cook ) some nice food now.

5) Look. They ______ ______ ( have ) an English lesson.

6) They ______ ______ ( not water ) the flowers now.

7) Look! the girls ______ ______ ( dance )in the classroom.

8) What is our granddaughter doing? She ______ ______ ( listen ) to music.

9) ______ Helen ______ ( wash )clothes? Yes, she is .

10) What are you _________(do) now? I ___________(eat) bread.

11)It’s nine o’clock. My father_______________(work) in the office.

12)Look, the boy____________(put) the rubbish into the bin.

13) _______ he ________(clean) the classroom? No, he isn’t. He_____(play).

14) Where is Mike? He___________(run) on the grass.

15) Listen, who____________(sing) in the music room?

16)I ____________(do) my homework.

17) My father ____________(read) a newspaper.

18) Mike is ____________(take) pictures.

19) It’s ____________ (rain) outside.

20)The monkeys ____________(swing).

21) Listen! Amy ____________(play) the piano.

22) We ____________ (clean) the room now.

23)The elephants ____________(drink) water.

24) He ____________(walk) in the garden

三、句型转换:

1. They are doing housework .(分别改成一般疑问句和否定句)

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

2.The students are cleaning the classroom . ( 改一般疑问句并作肯定和否定回答)

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

四、根据中文,完成句子,每空一词。

1) 刘涛的父亲正在浇花。

Liu Tao’s father is ______ ______.

2) 看,孩子们正在操场上踢足球。

Look! The children ______ ______ ______ in the playground.

3) 她正在公园里散步吗?是的。

- _____ she______a walk in the park?

-Yes, she______.

4) Jack正在哪读书?在他书房。

- ______ ______ Jack ______ the book now?

-He is______ ___ ___ ______.

五.选择

1. Look. Lucy is_____ a new bike today.

A. jumping B. running C. riding D takeing

2. The children _____ football.

A. is playing B. are playing C. play the D. play a

3. They ______TV in the evening. They do their homework.

A. are watching B. can‘t watching C. don’t watch D. don‘t watching

4. Listen! She____ in the classroom.

A. is singing B. sing C .to sing D. is sing

5. Is she ____ something?

A. eat B. eating C. eatting D. eats

6. Jack and Ketty_______ in the lake. Let‘s join them,shall we?

A. swim B. have swum C. swam D. are swimming

7. Look! The children_______ basketball on the playground.

A. plays B. played C. is playing D. are playing

8. The kite_______ high in the sky now. It looks like a big bird.

A. has flown B. is flying C. was flying D. flew

小升初英语语法汇总:一般将来时 一般将来时——将来做某事

A、构成形式:

(1)主语+be going to+动词原形+其他。

(2)主语+will+动词原形+其他。 B、判断依据:

一个句子中既有be动词,又有going、to和动词,且动词用的是原形,句中往往有tomorrow、soon、next week等词。

1、be going to 表示将要发生的事或打算、计划、决定要做的事情。

2、肯定句:be going to +动词原形,如:Jim is going to play football、 否定句:be not going to +动词原形,如:Jim is not going to play football、 一般疑问句:把be动词调到句首,如:Is Jim going to play football? 特殊疑问句:疑问词+be+主语+going to+动词原形?如:What is Jim going to do? 疑问词当主语时:疑问词+be+going to+动词原形?如:Who is going to play foo tball?

C、句型变换:

She is going to have a picnic tomorrow.

-----She isn?t going to have a picnic tomorrow. ------Is she going to have a picnic tomorrow? -------Yes, she is. / No, she isn?t.

They are going to visit their grandparents next Sunday. ------They aren?t going to visit their grandparents next Sunday. -------Are they going to visit their grand parents next Sunday? --------Yes, they are. / No, they aren?t.

一、根据中文,完成句子,每空一词。

1)我打算明天和朋友去野炊。

I _____ _____ _____ have a picnic with my friends. 或者: I _____ have a picnic with my friends.

2)下个星期一你打算去干嘛? 我想去打篮球。

-What _____ _____ _____ _____next Monday? -I ___ _____ ___ play

basketball. 或者:

-What _____ you do next Monday? -I _____ play basketball.

3)你妈妈这个周末去购物吗?是,她要去买一些水果。

- _____ your mother _____ _____ go shopping this _____?

-Yes, she _____ . She_____ buy some fruit.

4)你们打算什么时候见面?

What time _____ you _____ _____ meet?

二、用所给词的适当形式填空

1. Today is a sunny day. We ___________________ (have) a picnic this afternoon.

2. My brother _______________ (go) to Shanghai next week.

3. Tom often ______________(go) to school on foot. But today is rain. He ______________ (go) to school by bike.

4. What do you usually do at weekends? I usually __________ (watch) TV and ____________(catch) insects?

5. It's Friday today. What _____she _________ (do) this weekend? She ______________ (watch ) TV and _____________ (catch) insects.

6. What ___________ (d0) you do last Sunday? I ____________ (

(pick) apples on a farm. What ______________ (do) next Sunday? I ______________ (milk) cows.

7. Mary ____________ (visit) her grandparents tomorrow.

8. Liu Tao ____________ (fly) kites in the playground yesterday.

9. David ______________ (give) a puppet show next Monday.

10. I ________________ (plan) for my study now11. Today is a sunny day. We _________ (have) a picnic this afternoon.

11. My brother _______________ (go) to Shanghai next week.

12. Tom often ______________(go) to school on foot. But today is rain. He ______ (go) to school by bike.

13. What do you usually do at weekends? I usually __________ (watch) TV and __(catch) insects?

14. It's Friday today. What _____she _________ (do) this weekend? She ___(watch ) TV and _____________ (catch) insects.

15. What _______(d0) you do last Sunday? I _______ (pick) apples on a farm. What ________ (do) next Sunday? I ________ (milk) cows.

16. Mary ____________(visit) her grandparents tomorrow.

17. Liu Tao __________(fly) kites in the playground yesterday.

18. David ______________ (give) a puppet show next Monday. 19. I ________________ (plan) for my study now 三、 改写句子。 1)Nancy is going to go camping.(改否定句) Nancy _____ going to go camping. 2)I?ll go and join them.(改否定句) I _____ go _____ join them. 3)I?m going to get up at 6:30 tomorrow.(改一般疑问句) _____ _____ _____ to get up at 6:30 tomorrow? 4)We will meet at the bus stop at 10:30.(改一般疑问句) _____ _____ meet at the bus stop at 10:30? 5)She is going to listen to music after school.(对划线部分提问) _____ _____ she_____ _____ _____ after school? 小升初英语语法汇总:名词所有格

1、有生命的名词所有格

A)单数后加“ ’s ”

如:Su Hai?s twin sister苏海的双胞胎妹妹 Jim?s family吉姆的一家

B)以“ s ”结尾的复数名词,只需加“ ’ ”

如:Teachers? Day教师节 the twins? parents双胞胎的父母

C)不以“ s ”结尾的复数名词,则仍需加“ ’s ”

如:Children?s Day儿童节

D) 表示两人或几人共有的物品,只需在最后一人名后加“ ?s ”,如:Ben and Jim?s book 表示各自所有的,须在各个名词后加's; They are John's and Kate's rooms.

2、无生命的名词所有格,一般与“ of ”构成短语。

如:a photo of his family 他家的一张照片 the colour of her skirt 她的短裙的颜色

【妙语诠释】 ①有生命的名词所有格一般加s,但如果名词以s结尾,则只加“’”;②并列名词所有格表示各自所有时,分别加“’s”,如果是共有,则只在最后名词加“’s”;③如果是无生命的名词则用of表示所有格,这里需要注意它们的顺序与汉语不同,A of B要翻译为B的A。

练一练:翻译下列词组:

大卫的叔叔 我妹妹的邮票 妇女节 老师们的办公室 他笔友的信 这本书的名字 双胞胎的书房 孩子们的爱好 邮局的大门

短语翻译:

1. 我的的爷爷________________________ 2.杰姆的房间__________________________

2. 我奶奶的钱包_______________________ 4.那些学生的书_______________________

5.这些工人的外套______________________ 6.那些小孩的父母_____________________

7.那些男人的帽子____________________ 8.那间教室的窗户_____________________

9.海伦的同学________________________ 10.这些男孩的床________________________

11.汤姆的姑父___________ 12.我兄弟的钢笔_____________

13.那些老师的书桌__________________ 14.这些医生的杯子________________________

15.那些女孩的座位__________________ 16.那些女人的自行车_____________________

17.那些警察的裤子_______________ 18.那个书包的颜色___________________________

Some any

some用于肯定句;any用于否定句和一般疑问句。

请注意看下列例句后扩号中说明的用法。

There is some water in the glass. (肯定句)

There are some flowers in the garden. (肯定句)

There aren?t any lamps in the study.(否定句)

Are there any maps on the wall?(一般疑问句)

Would you like some orange juice? (希望得到肯定回答)

Do you want to take any photos at the party? (一般疑问句)

练一练:选用some或any填空。

1) There isn?t ______milk in the fridge.

2) I can see______cars, but I can?t see______buses.

3) He has ______ friends in England.

4) Were there ______fruit trees on the farm?

5) Here are ______presents for you.

6) Does Tom want to take ______ photos?

7) Is there______rice in the kitchen?

8) There are______new buildings in our school.

9)-Would you like______ cakes? -No, I?d not like ______cakes, but I?d like ______coffee.

10) -Are there______pictures on the wall? -No, there aren?t ______pictures.

there be句型

1、there be结构表示“某时、某地存在着什么事物或人”,包括there is、there are、there was、there were。

2、在there be 句型中,主语是单数,be 动词用is或was;主语是复数,be 动词用are或were;如有几件物品,be 动词根据最近be 动词的那个名词决定——“就近原则”。

3、there be 句型的否定句在be 动词后加not , 一般疑问句把be 动词调到句首。

4、some和any在there be 句型中的运用:some 用于肯定句, any 用于否定句或疑问句。

5、and 和or 在there be句型中的运用:and 用于肯定句, or 用于否定句或疑问句。

6、针对数量提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:

How many + 名词复数 + are there + 介词短语?

How much + 不可数名词 + is there + 介词短语?

7、针对主语提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是: What?s + 介词短语?

8.have 表人所拥有 I have a pen she has a pen

8. a desk and some flowers in my room.

9. some flowers and a desk in my room.

10. We all one head.

二、用be的正确形式填空

1. There _________ a piano against the wall.

2. There _________ some flowers on the desk.

3. There _________ some tea in the cup.

4. There _________ two tins of coke in the bag.

5. There _________ three buildings and a beautiful garden in our school.

6. There _________ some meat, some bread and some apples on the table.

7. There _________ a picture and a clock on the wall.

8. There _________ a volleyball match in our school the day after tomorrow.

9. There _________ no factories, hospitals and schools here fifty years ago.

10. There may _______ something wrong with your watch.

11. There ________ any mail for you today.

12. There ________ any letters in the mailbox today.

13. How many kinds of animals ________ there in this area?

14. There ______ four seasons in a year.

15. There ______not any trees two years ago.

16. - ______there a post office near your school?

-Yes, there ______.

17. -How many stops ______there?

-There______only one.

18. There ______not any stamps on the envelope.

19. ______ there any birds in the tree?

20.There______ a shopping centre near our school last year. But now there____no one.

21. There ______only three of us: my dad, my mum and me.

22. In New York, there ______ a lot of rain in spring.

小升初英语语法汇总时间日期表达 1、时间的表达

A)直接读写数词。

如:9:15 nine fifteen 10:30 ten thirty 11:45 eleven forty-five 7:05 seven o five 2:25 two twenty-five 5:55 five fifty-five

B)借助past和to来表达。

past一般用于30分钟以内(含30分钟)的时间表达;to一般用于超过30分钟的时间表达。一刻钟可以用a quarter表示,半小时可以用half表示。

如:9:15 a quarter past nine 10:30 half past ten 11:45 a quarter to twelve 7:05 five past seven 2:25 twenty-five past two 5:55 five to six 注意:询问时间可用句型“What?s the time?”或者“What time is it?”。

2、日期的表达:

the+序数词+of+月份。

如:the third of June 六月三日 注意:询问日期可用句型“What date is it today?”或者“What?s the date today?”。

a. 用来表示时间

例如:2008年2月28日可以表示为February 28th, 2007

b. 用来表示顺序

例如:He is always the first to come to school.

他总是第一个来学校。

c. 用来表示楼层

例如:He lives on the fourth floor.他住在四楼。 以下是表示月份的单词,同学们要牢记: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December,

练一练:1、用两种方法表达下列时间。

6:45 1:58

9:05 3:22

5:50 8:30

2、用英语表达下列日期。

五月一日 九月十日 三月八日

四月五日 七月九日 八月三日

一月十五日 六月二日 十二月二十五日

3、同义句转换,每空一词。

1) -What?s the time? -It?s eleven forty-five.

- ___________ is it? -It?s ___________.

2) It?s seven o five. It?s time for breakfast.

It?s___________. It?s time ___________.

3) -What?s the date today? -It?s 1st October.

- ___________ is it today? -It?s ___________.

小升初英语语法汇总:冠词

冠词是一种虚词,不能独立使用,通常放在名词的前面,分为“不定冠词”和“定冠词”两种。

1、不定冠词:a、an。

用在单数名词前,表示“一个,一件……”。an用在以元音“音素”开头的单词前。 如:an e-mail, an orange, an old man, an English watch, an hour

2、定冠词:the。用在单数或者复数名词前。the没有具体意思,有时翻译为这、那。 它的基本用法:

(1)用来表示特指某(些)人或某(些)事物。如:The map on the wall is new.

(2)表示说话者双方都知道的人或事物。如:Look at the picture, please.

(3)表示再次提到前面谈过的人或事物。如:This is a stamp. The stamp is beautiful.

(4)用在表示世界上独一无二的事物前。如:the sun太阳 the moon月亮 the earth地球

(5)用在由普通名词构成的专有名词前。如:the Great Wall长城

(6)用在江河、湖海等专有名词前。如:the Changjiang River长江

(7)此外,序数词、形容词最高级、乐器名称等词前面和一些习惯用语中一般都用定冠词the。

如:the first day, the best boy, play the piano, in the same class

一、定冠词的用法

特指双熟悉,上文已提及;

世上独无二,序数最高级;

某些专有名,习语及乐器。

以上口诀归纳了用定冠词的一般情况,即:

①特指某些人或物

②谈话双方都熟悉的人或事

③上文已经提到的人或事

④世界上独一无二的事物前

⑤序数词回形容词最高级前

⑥某些专有名词前

⑦一些习惯短语(如:in the day等)中和乐器前(如:play the violin / piano)

二、不用冠词的集中情况

下列情况应免冠,代词限定名词前;

专有名词不可数,学科球类三餐饭;

复数名词表泛指,两节星期月份前;

颜色语种和国名,称呼习语及头衔。

以上口诀主要概括了一般应“免冠”的几种情况,即:

①名词前已有作定语用的this、that、some、any、my等限定词

②专有名词和不可数名词前

③表示学科的(如:maths、Chinese、physics)名词前

④球类活动的名词前及三餐总称前

⑤复数名词表示泛指(一类人或事)时

⑥节日、季节、星期、月份前

⑦表示颜色(如:It's red / yellow.)、语种(如:speak English/Japanese)和国家的非全称名词(如:We live in China. They come from America.)

⑧在称呼或表示头衔的名词前

⑨某些习惯短语中(如:in bed、go to school等)

冠词练习

一.在空格内填上a或an

1. _____ear 2.______actor 3. _____hen 4. ______toy 5. ______university

6. ______elephant 7. ______hat 8.______umbrella 9.______rabbit

10.______idea

11.______hour 12_______ honest boy 13.______interesting book

14.______easy question

15.______orange dress 16_______apple pie 17_______X-ray machine

18.______ice cream

二.用a,an,the或“/”填空

1.________Washington is _______capital of ________United States of America.

2.There is _________”A” on his paper.

3. I ate ______apple .It’s _______red apple.

4._______tall man over there is my boss. 5._______earth moves around sun.

6.No news is ________good news. 7.Have you visited Great Wall? 8.They often play football after school. 9.Children need love and attention. 10.Are there any birds in sky? 11. student in the third row is tallest in our class. 12.Did you have breakfast this morning? 13.Mr.White will go to Tokyo by air. 14.By way,do you know old woman in glasses?

三.选择填空

1.Mom tells her little daughter old story every night.

A. a B. / C. an D. the 2. computer on the table is Susan’s.

A. A B. An C. The D. / 3.There is map of the world on wall. map is mine.

A. a, a, A B. a, the, The C. the, the, The D. the, the, A 4. Spring comes after winter.

A. /, / B.The, / C.The, the D.A, the 5.I bought shoes yesterday. shoes are very beautiful.

A. a, The B. a pair of, The C. the, The D. a pair, The pair 6.He was soldier in the Second World War.

A. a B. an C. the D. / 7.She can play and .

A. the tennis, the guitar B. tennis, guitar C. the tennis, guitar D. tennis, the guitar 8.I can see moon and clouds in the sky.

A. the, a B. a, a C. the, / D. the, the 9. “c” is in “cat.” “s” is in “sat.”

A. An, An B. An, A C. A, A D. A, An 10. Tian’anmen Square is in Beijing.

A. /, / B. A, / C. The, / D. /, the

小升初英语语法汇总:数词 我们学过两类数次:基数词和序数词。

基数词用于表示数量多少,而基数词用于表示次序,常在日期中出现。区别:基数词前面没有“the”;序数词前一定要有“the”。

1、超过二十以上的两位数需要在个位和十位之间加上“-”。如:21 twenty-one

2、三位数以上的则需要在百位数后再加上and。如:101 a/one hundred and one

3、用基数词来修饰可数名词时,一定别忘了它的复数形式。如:十八个男孩 eighteen boys

4、用基数词修饰不可数名词时,如是复数,变它的量词为复数。如:两碗米饭 two bowls of rice

5、序数词一般加“th”,特殊的有:first, second, third, fifth, eighth, ninth, twelfth以及二十及二十以外的整十:twentieth, thirtieth, fortieth?

“第几十几”:前面整十不变,后面“几”改为序数词。如:88 eighty-eighth 基数词变序数词

基变序,很容易,

一二三,特殊记,

th从四起,

八去t来九去e,

遇到ve,f替,

ty变为tie,后加th莫迟疑,

若想表示几十几,只变个位就可以。

数词的用法:

一、表示事物的编号:如: the ninth part = part nine 第九部分

the Fourth Lesson = Lesson Four 第四课 the sixth paragraph= paragraph six 第六段

二、表示年月日: “年”用基数词,“日用序数词”。例如:

1949年10月1日—写法: Oct..1, 1949. 读做:Oct. (the ) first, nineteen forty-nine.

2009年3月28日—写法: March 27, 2009. 读作: March, (the) twenty-seventh, two thousand and nine.

三、表示时间:

四、表示“加减乘除”:

15+2=? How much is fifteen plus two? 8-7=? How much is eight minus seven? 12×12=? How much is twelve times twelve? 81÷9=? How much is eighty-one

divided by nine?

五、用数词表示分数时, 分子用基数词,分母用序数词;如果分子大于1,分母要用复数。

1/2: one-second 3/4 three-fourths, 2/5 two-fifths.

记口诀: 分子基,分母序。分子大于1, 分母加 s.

六、读小数时,数字只用基数词: 3.4 读作:three point four 0.2读作zero point two

一. 英汉互译。

第五单元 Unit Five Lesson Eight第八课 第59中学 No. 59 Middle School 五年级四班Class4,Grade5 Bus No.4第四路巴士 7:07 seven past seven

7+8=15 seven and eight is fifteen 1994年 the year of 1994

352 three hundred and fifty-two one o eight 从一到八

Team Seven 第七队 第三行Line Three

第5小学_No.5Primary School five little mice 五只小老鼠 第六号房间Room Six

二.用括号内所给数词的正确形式填空。

1. We are in Class_____Three___(3).

2. We have______twelve__(12)months of the year.

3.December is the _____twelfth________(12)one.

4. This is my___first(1)bag.

5. My birthday is Dec.__21th______(21).

6. I have__three______(3)books. I like my_____third___(3) book.

三、 选择题。

1. My grandmother is_____ old.

A. seventieth B. seventy year

C. seventy years D. seventies

2.________people visit this museum every day.

A. Hundred B. Hundreds

C. hundred of D. Hundreds of

3. There are two _______people in the meeting room.

A. hundred B. hundreds

C. hundreds of D. hundred of

4. We can say the number 78,645 in English like this_______.

A. seventy-eight thousand and six hundred and forty-five

B. seventy-eight thousand six hundred and forty five

C. seventy-eight thousand six hundred and forty-five

D. seventy eight thousand six hundred and forty-five

5. Monday is the second day, and________.

A. Tuesday is the fourth B. Thursday is fifth

C. the second day is Tuesday

D. the second day is Thursday

6.“The year 1999”should be read(应该读作)“The year ____.” A. nineteen and ninety-nine B. nineteen ninety-nine

C. one thousand nine hundred ninety-nine D. nineteen hundred and ninety-nine

7. There are ________months in a year. December is the ________month of the year. A. twelve; twelve B. twelve; twelfth C. twelfth; twelve D. twelve; twelveth 8. What’s the date today? It is ________.

A. Friday B. time to go C. cloudy D. June 4th 9. What is five and eight?

A. Twelve B. Thirteen C. Fourteen D. Fifteen 10. What ________is Lily in? She is in________. A. Row; row five B. Row; Row Five C. row; Row Five D. row; row Five Key cbacb bbdbc

小升初英语语法汇总:代词

代词有两种:人称代词和物主代词。

1、人称代词分为:第一、第二、第三人称,且有单复数之分。

2、人称代词的主格在句中做主语,一般用在动词前(疑问句除外);宾格在句中做宾语,多用于动词、介词后。

3、形容词性物主代词起形容词的作用,后面一定要跟名词,表示该名词是属于谁的。 4、名词性物主代词=形容词性物主代词+名词。

如:This is my bag. = This is mine. That is her ruler. = That is hers. 一般看后面有没有名词,如有,就用形容词性物主代词;如无,就用名词性物主代词。

一、按要求写出相应人称代词。

I(宾格)_______ she(形容词性物主代词)_______ we(名词性物主代词)_______ he(复数)_______ us(单数)_______ theirs(主格)_______ its(宾格)_______

二、用所给词的适当形式填空。

1)That is not _________ kite. That kite is very small, but _________ is very big. (I)

2)The dress is _________. Give it to _________. (she)

3)Is this _________ watch? ( you ) No, it’s not _________. (I)

4)_________ is my brother. ________ name is Jack. Look! Those stamps are _________. (he)

5)_________ dresses are red. ( we ) What colour are _________? (you)

6)Show _________ your kite, OK? (they)

7)I have a beautiful cat. _________name is Mimi. These cakes are _________. (it)

8)Are these ________ tickets? No, ________ are not _________. ________ aren’t here. (they)

9)Shall _________ have a look at that classroom? That is _________ classroom. (we)

10)_________ is my aunt. Do you know _________ job? _________is a nurse. (she)

11)Where are _________? I can’t find _________. Let’s call _________ parents. (they)

12)Don’t touch _________. _________is not a cat, _________ is a tiger! (it)

13)_________ sister is ill. Please go and see _________. (she) 14)The girl behind _________ is our friend. (she)

15) __________ is my aunt. We often visit __________. ( she )

16) China is a developing country. _________is in the east of Asia. ( its )

17) What day is __________ today? — __________ is Thursday. (its)

18) I own a blue bike. The red one isn’t __________. ( I )

19) These new houses are so nice. __________ are very expensive.( them )

20) The fishermen caught a lot of fish, didn’t __________? ( them )

21)Ling Ling is a girl. ____ studies in a primary school. ______ brother lives with ____ and helps ____ with______ lessons. ( she )

22) Mike is my classmate. ____ is good at Engliush . ( his )

23) Kate wants a glass of milk. Will you pass it to ____ ? ( she )

24) What’s the weather like today ? ____ is cloudy. ( its )

三、用形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词填空

1. I ate all ____ sandwiches yesterday.( I ) Can I have one of ____ ? ( you )

2. George has lost ____ ( his ) pen. Ask Mary if(是否)she will lend him ____ . ( she )

3.. Jack has a dog and so have I. ____ ( he ) dog and ____ ( I ) had a fight (打架).

4. The teacher wants you to return that book of ____ ( he )

5. Mr. and Mrs. Green and a friend of ____ are coming to see us. ( they )

6. We are going to Paris to stay with a French friend of ____ . (we )

四、从括号内选择正确的代词填空

1. Your football clothes are on the desk.

Please put _________(they,them,their,theirs) away.

2. (We,Us,Our,Ours)_________ English teacher is Mrs. Green.

We all like _________(she,her,hers).

3. (I,Me,My,Mine)_________ can’t get my kite.

Could you help _________(I,me,my,mine)?

4. Tom can’t get down from the tree.

Can you help _________(he,him,his)?

6. We can’t find our bikes.

Can you help _________(we,us,our,ours)?

5. These are _________(he,him,his) planes.

The white ones are _________(I,me,mine).

五、填入正确的人称代词和物主代词

1. This isn’t________knife. _________ is green. ( she )

2. These are your books,Kate. Put __________ in the desk,please. (they )

3. _______ must look after ________ things. ( you )

4. Wei Fang,is that ________ ruler? Yes,it’s.( you )

5. They want a football. Give __________ the green one,please. ( they)

6. It’s Lin Tao’s bag. Give it to __________. ( he )

7. Is this pencil-box Li Lei’s? No,___________ is very new. ( he )

8. This box is too heavy. I can’t carry _________. ( it )

Don’t worry,Let __________( I ) help __________. ( you)

9. _____ is a boy _____ name is Mike. Mike’s friends like _____ very much. ( he )

10. My sister is in _____ room. _____ is a teacher. ( she )

11. Jane is a little girl. _____ mother is a nurse. ( she )

12. We are in _____ classroom. _____ classroom is big. ( we)

13. My father and mother are teachers. _____ are busy ( them)

14. You are a pupil. Is _____ brother a pupil, too? ( you )

15.Are these ________(you)pencils?

Yes, they are ________(our).

16.—Whose is this pencil?

—It’s ________(I).

17.I love ________(they)very much.

18.She is________(I)classmate.

19.Miss Li often looks after________(she)brother.

20.—Are these ________(they)bags ?

—No, they aren’t ________(their). They are ________(we).

六. 用适当的代词填空: 1.Are those trousers? No, aren’t .

are blue.(they)

2.Tom, where’s bike? Is this black bike ?

No, it isn’t . (my,mine,your,yours)

3.What’s the woman’s name? name is Gao Hui. is an English

teacher.(she,her,his,she’s)

4. are twins, names are Lucy and Lily. look like

parents.(they)

5. am an English teacher. name is Ma Ying.( I )

6. is good friend. all

like .(he,him,we,you,our)

7. Can help ? Yes, can.(her,she,I,you)

8. Give an apple, please. Which one is ? The small one

is .(he)

9. Where is photo? Is that yours? No, that’s not . is black.( I)

10.Li Ming and I are boys. are good friends.

parents are all teachers.

11.Ann and you are girls. are English. Chinese

teacher is Mrs. Wang.

12.This is classroom. is small. But is

big.(ours,their,theirs)

13.These are grapes. Please put on the table.(it,they,them)

14. is young. Let

help .(she,her,hers,we,us)

15. have some pen-friends. like to write

to .(I,me,they,them,their)

七、 选择填空

1. Who’s singing over there ? — ________ is Sandy’s sister.

A. That B. It C. She D. This

2. ________ will spend the summer holiday in Hawaii.

A. She, you and I B. You, she and I C. I, you and she D. Her, me and you

3. Between you and ________, he is not a real friend.

A. me B. I C. he D. his

4. My uncle bought a new bike for ________.

A. theirs B. they C. me D. I

6. Here’s a postcard for you, Jim! — Oh, ________ is from my friend, Mary.

A. he B. it C. she D. it’s

7. Little Baby knows that he should not take the things that do not belong to ________. A. he B. his C. her D. him 8. Will anyone go on a trip with him ? — Not ________. A. I B. me C. mine D. he 9. Among those lovely toys, the brown toy dog was given by ________. A. he B. his C. him D. he’s 小升初英语语法汇总:形容词、副词

1、形容词表示某一事物或人的特征,副词表示某一动作的特征。

形容词和副词有三种形式:原形、比较级、最高级。比较级:+er 最高级:the ?+est 两个重要特征:as??as中间一定用原形,than的前面一定要+er。

2、形容词、副词比较级的规则变化如下:

(1)一般直接+er。如:tall - taller, fast - faster 单音节词如果以-e结尾,只加-r。如:late - later

(2)重读闭音节词如末尾只有一个辅音字母,须双写这个字母,再加-er。如:big - bigger, fat - fatter

(3)以辅音字母加-y结尾的词,变y为i,再加-er。如:heavy - heavier, early - earlier

(4)双音节和多音节词的比较级应在原级前加more构成。如:beautiful - more beautiful, careful - more careful, quietly - more quietly, interesting - more interesting

(5)有些不规则变化的,须逐一加以记忆。如:good/well – better, bad/ill – worse, many/much – more, far – farther/further, old – older/elder?

一、写出下列形容词、副词的比较级。

big good long tall old

short thin heavy young fat

light strong high far low

early late well fast slow

二、用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空。

1) I can swim as _______ (fast) as the fish, I think.

2) Look! His hands are _______ (big) than mine.

3) I think you do these things_______ (well) than your classmates.

4) Whose bag is _______ (heavy), yours or mine?

5) Does Jim run as _______(slow) as David? Yes, but Mike runs_______ (slow) than them.

6) You have seven books, but I have _______ (many) than you. I have ten.

7) I jump _______ (far) than some of the boys in my class.

8) I’m very_______ (thin), but she’s _______ (thin) than me.

9) It gets _______and_______ (warm) when spring comes here.

10) Which goes _____, the bus or the car? (quick)

11) Which goes ____,the bus, the car or the train? (fast)

12)Who writes _____ (careful), John or Jim?

13) I can feed ____ (many) animals than you.

14) he can pick ___ corn than I . (much)

15) Do you think a Chinese farm is ____ (more) bigger than an American farm?

16) This match is ___ of the three.(exciting)

17) Who runs __(slow),Lily or Lucy?

18). She is ___ today than yesterday. (well).September is the ___ month of the year.(nine)

19). My mother is the ___ in my family.(busy)

20).the trees grow ___ (quick) in spring.

21).. Beijing is one of the most beautiful ___ (city) in China.

22).Fish and chips are very ______,but I think fried chicken is____ of the three. (delicious)

23). Li Ping’s home is ___ from the school in our class. (far)

24).. This book is ___ than that book. (interesting)

25).. Lily is ___ (thin )of the three.

26)..the teacher said ___ (angry), “stop talking.”

27).. How many ___ (woman )are there in the room?

28).Which do you like __ (well) ,oranges, apples ,or pears/

29). This skirt is nicer than ____ (I).

30)..Lesson Four is ___ (difficult) than Lesson Three.

三.选择

1. I hear someone ____at the door. Please go and see who ___is.

A.knock,it B.knocking , it C.knocking, he D.knock, he

2. There are few ___ in the fridge. Let’s go and buy some peas, carrots and cabbages.

A.vegetables B.fruit C.meat D.eggs

3. He puts on his coat and goes out ____ (quick)

4. Which do you like ___ , apples ,oranges or pears?

A. well B. good C. better D.best

5. I can pick ___ apples than you . A.many B.much C.more D.most

小升初英语语法汇总:介词

1、介词是一种虚词。不能单独作句子成分,它只有跟它后面的宾语一起构成介词短语,才能在句子中起作用。

有:in, on, under, with, behind, about, near, before, after, for, to, up, down, from, in front of, out of, from?to?, at the back of?

2、表示时间的介词有:at, on, in。

(1)at表示“在某一个具体的时间点上”,或用在固定词组中。如:at ten o’clock, at 9:30 a.m., at night, at the weekend?

(2)on表示“在某日或某日的时间段”。如:on Friday, on the first of October, on Monday morning?

(3)in表示“在某一段时间(月份、季节)里”。如:in the afternoon, in September, in summer, in 2005?

3、in一词还有其他的固定搭配,如:in blue(穿着蓝色的衣服),in English(用英语表达),take part in(参加)。

时间介词巧记歌

年、月、季节前须用in(如:in 2008, in September, in spring),日期前面行不通, 遇到几号改用on(如:on January 1),

上午、下午、晚上仍用in(如:in the morning/afternoon/evening),

若是某日上下午,也是用on才能行(如:on the evening of the Mid-autumn Day), 正午、夜里用at(如:at noon, at night),

时、分用法也同理(如:, at two, at two),

如若“差”点须加to(如:two to two)

如若“过”点改past(如:half past one),

多说勤练牢牢记,学好英语非儿戏

一、选用括号内恰当的介词填空。 1) What’s this _______ ( at, on, in ) English?

2) Christmas is _______ ( at, on, in ) the 25th of December.

3) The man_______ ( with, on, in ) black is Su Hai’s father.

4) He doesn’t do well _______ ( at, on, in ) PE.

二、圈出下列句子中运用不恰当的介词,并将正确的答案写在横线上。

1) Jim is good in English and Maths.

2) The films were in the ground just now.

3) They are talking to their plans.

4) How many students have their birthdays on May?

5) Women’s Day is at the third of March.

6) I can jog to school on the morning.

7) Did you water trees at the farm?

8) Can you come and help me on my English?

9) I usually take photos in Sunday morning.

10) What did you do on the Spring Festival?

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