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4A_M1-M4知识点整理

发布时间:2014-02-13 17:11:57  

4A Module 1 Getting to know you认识彼此

M1U1 Meeting new people认识新伙伴

★背诵词汇:eleven 11,twelve 12, thirteen 13, fourteen 14, fifteen 15,

sixteen16, seventeen 17, eighteen 18, nineteen 19, twenty 20

★背诵句型:1.This is my sister. Her name is Sally. 这是我的姐妹,她的名字叫Sally。

2. His name is Paul. He’s only six.他的名字叫Paul,他只有六岁。

3. I’m Peter’s classmate. 我是Peter的同学。

4. We are going to the park.我们正打算去公园。

5. -Goodbye, Kitty. 再见,Kitty。 -See you. 再见。

6. She’s ten years old.她十岁。

7. Her student number is sixteen. 她的学号是16。

8. Nice to meet you.很高兴认识你。

9. Nice to meet you too. 我也很高兴认识你。

★掌握语法:

1. 所有格:(1)(物主代词): I—my, you—your, he—his, she—her, it—its, we—our, they—their

(2)’s表示“的”:my sister’s book我姐姐的书;Kitty’s pen 凯特的笔

(3)以s结尾的复数名词所有格只在s后面加’: the pupils’ bags 学生们的书包

(4)用and连接的两个名词所有格形式,只在后面一个名词后加’s:

This is Ben and Danny’s ball. 这是Ben和Danny(共有)的球。

(5)These are Ben’s and Danny’s balls. 表示“这些是Ben的以及Danny的球。”

(6)用whose划线提问:This is Ben’s bag. >>> Whose bag is this?

2. 同音词:know(认识)---no; meet(遇见,相识)----meat; hi---high(高的)

3.people人们,是复数名词 4. here这里,反义词:there那里

M1U2 Abilities能力

★背诵词汇: paint用颜料画画(还可作名词:paints颜料),draw绘画,read阅读,write写,swim游泳,jump跳

★背诵词组:paint well画得好,draw a picture画画,read a book读书,write well写得好,swim fast游得快,jump high跳得高, climb a tree爬树,count to three数到三

★背诵句型:1. Supergirl is coming. 超级女生来了。

2.She can run fast. 她能跑得快。

3.She can swim well.她能游得好。

4. She can fly high. 她能飞得高。

5.I like swimming very much.我非常喜欢游泳。

6. This is our guest, Supergirl. 这是我们的客人,超级女生。

7. Hello, everyone! 大家好!

8. You’re both super! 你们两个都很棒!

★掌握语法:1. 反义词:this---that; these---those;

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little(小的,年幼的)---big/old; good---bad

2. 单复数:ability(能力)---abilities; pony(矮马)---ponies

3. well(副词:好地)----good(形容词:好的)

4. 现在进行时:be动词+doing,表示“正在做?.”,常与now, look, listen等词连用: 如:Super girl is coming. 超级女生来了。He is drawing now. 现在他正在画画。

Look!The dogs are running. 看!小狗们正在跑。

Is Alice swimming now? Yes, she is. Alice 正在游泳吗?是的。

M1U3 How do you feel? 你感觉怎样?

★背诵词汇:happy快乐的,sad难过的,hungry饿的,full饱的,thirsty渴的,tired累的,angry生气的

★掌握句型:1. How do you feel? We’re tired. 你们感觉怎样?我们累了。

2. How does Danny feel? He is happy. Danny感觉怎样?他很快乐。

3. We are back. 我们回来了。

4. Have some biscuits. 吃一些饼干吧。

5. Have some water then. 那么喝一些水吧。

6. Come in, please. 请进。 7. Sit down, please. 请坐。

8. Here’s some water for you. 这是给你的一些水。

9. They don’t like each other. 他们不喜欢彼此。

10. I have an idea. 我有一个主意。

★掌握语法:1. have/ has有多种意思:

(1)有: I have an idea. (2) 吃;喝= eat/ drink: Have some biscuits. Have some water. have lunch(吃午餐) (3)进行,举行:have a picnic, have a party

have a computer lesson(上计算机课)

2. 反义词: happy---sad; hungry---full; large(大的)---small;

come in---go out; sit down---stand up

3. Here is / here are用法:“就近原则”( 和There is /there are 用法一致)

如: Here is some water for you.这是给你的一些水。

Here are some pebbles. 这里有一些卵石。

Here is a cake and some flowers for you. 这是给你的蛋糕和花。

4. be full of 装满?. The glass is full of water. 这个玻璃杯装满了水。

be tired of 对?感到厌恶 I am tired of bread. 我不喜欢面包了。

be afraid of 害怕,担忧?. I am afraid of tigers. 我害怕老虎。

5. (1) a cake with cream and berries. 一个带有奶油和浆果的蛋糕。

with“有”; cream“奶油”(不可数); berries“浆果”(单数:berry)

(2) a large bottle of lemonade一大瓶柠檬汁;

a packet of biscuits一包饼干; a piece of toast一片吐司面包

6. toast吐司面包(不可数); postman邮递员(复数:postmen)

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4A Module 2 Me, my family and friends我,我的家人和朋友

M2U1 Jill’s family Jill的一家

★背诵词汇:family家庭,grandfather祖父(grandpa),grandmother祖母(grandma),father父亲,mother母亲,uncle叔叔,aunt阿姨,cousin表兄妹、堂兄妹,brother兄弟,sister姐妹

★背诵句型:1. Who’s that man? 那个男人是谁?

2. He’s my mother’s brother. 他是我妈妈的兄弟。

3. He’s a police officer. 他是一位警察。

4. Do you have cousins? Yes, I do. 你有表兄妹、堂兄妹吗?有的。

5. Welcome to my home. 欢迎来到我家。

6. He can dive. 他会跳水(潜水)。

7. Really? He’s cool. 真的吗? 他很酷。

8. Yes, that’s right. 是的没错。

★掌握语法:1. 单复数:an uncle一位叔叔, an aunt一位阿姨;dish盘,碟---dishes

2. 同音词: hi---high;aunt---aren’t; right---write

3. 宾格:(1)I---me, you---you, he---him, she---her, it---it, we---us, they---them

(2)宾格放在动词或介词的后面:

Look at me. 看着我。 I like them. 我喜欢他们。

You can call him Ben. 你能叫他Ben。

4. 关于缩写’s : He’s tall. =He is tall. He’s got a ball.= He has got a ball.

This is my mother’s dress. (’s 表示“的”)

He’s Wang Rong’s father. (他是王容的爸爸。)

=is “的”

5. 反义词:man男人---woman女人 / lady女士 (复数:men---women / ladies) bright明亮的;鲜艳的---dark黑暗的; come来---go 去

6. in+穿着服装或颜色:

The man in the bright green shirt is my uncle. 那个穿鲜绿色衬衫的男人是我的叔叔。 The girl in red is Kitty. 那个穿红色衣服的是Kitty。

M2U2 Jobs职业

★背诵词汇: job职业,doctor医生,nurse护士,teacher教师,student学生(pupil小学生),police officer警察(=policeman/policewoman),firefighter消防员(=fireman/ firewoman),cook厨师;烧饭, bus driver公交车司机

★背诵词组:fire station消防局, fire engine消防车,police station(= police office)警察局,put out扑灭,play with玩?/和?一起玩,be afraid of害怕?

★扩展词汇:postman(男)邮递员(复数:postmen),dentist牙医,waiter男服务员,waitress女服务员(复数:waitresses),call打电话,bring带来,brave勇敢的,dangerous危险的, afraid害怕的

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★背诵句型:1. Call the fire station.给消防局打电话。

2. Put out the fire. 把火扑灭。

3. What does your father do? 你的父亲是做什么的?(你父亲的职业是什么?)

4. He is a teacher. 他是一位老师。

5. Welcome to our fire station. 欢迎来到我们消防局。

6.I can help people.我能帮助人们。

7. Don’t play with fire, children. 孩子们,不要玩火。

★掌握语法:1. What问职业:What does he do? = What is he?

What does your father do ? = What is your father?

What do you do ?= What are you?

What do your sisters do?= What are your sisters?

2. teacher(名词:教师)---teach(动词:教);student(名词:学生)---study(动词:学习) driver(名词:司机)---drive(动词:驾驶); cook名词:厨师;动词:烧饭;

3. 反义词: brave勇敢的---afraid害怕的; pretty漂亮的---ugly丑的

4. bye同音词:buy/ by

M2U3 I have a friend我有一个朋友

★背诵词汇:coat外套,shirt衬衫,blouse女士衬衫,T-shirt T恤衫,skirt短裙,sweater毛衣,jeans牛仔裤,shorts短裤,dress连衣裙,jacket夹克衫,hat帽子,scarf围巾,gloves手套,shoes鞋子,socks袜子,

a pair of一双,一对,一副,一条

★掌握句型:1. I have a friend. His name’s Tom.我有一个朋友。他的名字是Tom。

2. What does he have? 他有什么?

3. He has a pair of blue shorts.他有一条蓝色的短裤。

4. He has an orange T-shirt. 他有一件桔色的T恤衫。

5. It has small but sharp teeth. 它有小而锋利的牙齿。

6. The lion is in a net. It is afraid. 狮子在一个网里。它很害怕。

7. The mouse can bite. 老鼠会咬。

★掌握语法:1. 复数:dress---dresses, scarf---scarves, glove---gloves

mouse复数mice, tooth复数teeth,

2. 反义词:sharp锋利的—blunt钝的 3. 同音词:wear穿,戴---where

4. Have/ has用法:(1) have: I have, you have, we have, they have, 复数+have

has: he has, she has, it has, 第三人称单数+has

(2) What does he have? He has?.

What does Kitty have? She has?.

What do you have? I have ?..

What do Ben and Danny have? They have?.

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4A Module 3 Places and activities地点和活动

M3U1 In our school 在我们学校里

★ 背诵词汇:place地点,canteen食堂,computer lab计算机房,lab实验室,office办公室,gym体育馆,classroom教室,music room音乐教室,art room美术教室, library图书馆,hall礼堂;大厅,playground操场, classroom building教学楼,teachers’ office教师办公室,post office邮局

behind在?后面, in front of 在?前面

★背诵词组:study with和?一起学习, a lot of = lots of =many=much许多,

have lunch吃午餐, have computer lessons上计算机课,have a try试一试

★背诵句型:1. This is the teachers’ office. 这是教师办公室。

2. Miss Fang is busy now.方老师正在忙。

3. There are a lot of books in it. 里面有许多的书。

4. We have lunch here. 我们在这里吃午餐。

5. It’s behind the classroom building. 它在教学楼的后面。

6. What’s on this floor? 这层楼是什么?

7. We have computer lessons in it. 我们在里面上计算机课。

8. There is a cupboard and a bookshelf in it. 在里面有一个柜子和书架。

9. Your classroom is clean and tidy.你们的教室真干净整洁。

10. Thank you so much. 太感谢你们了。

11. You’re welcome. 不客气。

★掌握语法:

1. There be 句型:

(1) “就近原则”(2) There be 句型一般和地点状语连用:

There is a book and some pens on the desk.

There are some pens and a book on the desk.

There is a playground behind the classroom building.

(3) 否定形式: There is some water. >>> There isn’t any water.

There are some books. >>> There aren’t any books.

(4) 一般疑问句和回答:Is there any water? Yes, there is. / No, there isn’t.

Are there any books? Yes, there are. / No, there aren’t.

(5) 用what’s划线提问:in the bag. >>> What’s in the bag? in the bag.>>> What’s in the bag?

(6) How many提问一般用there be 句型回答:

How many books are there on the desk? There are ten books on the desk.

How many girls? There are eleven.

2. 复数:library---libraries, bookshelf书架---bookshelves

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3. 反义词:clean干净的---dirty脏的, bad坏的---good好的 little---old/ big

4. 一些常用口语:

Thank you so much.= Thanks a lot. 多谢。

There are no classrooms. = There are not any classrooms.那里没有教室。

What’s the matter? 怎么了?发生什么事了?

I don’t think so.我不这么认为。

Please don’t be sad.请不要难过。

Come on, everyone! 大家快点啊!

Have a try, Little Rabbit.小兔试一试。

I’m the first. 我是第一名。

I’m the second.我是第二名。

M3U2 Around my home 我家的周围

★背诵词汇: around周围,home家, street街,road路, near在附近,city城市(复数:cities),shop商店,supermarket超市,post office邮局,restaurant餐厅,clothes shop服装店,bakery面包店,hotel宾馆,

next to 紧邻;在近旁=beside在旁边,between在?中间

★背诵句型:

1. Where is your home? 你的家在哪里?

2.It’s at No. 126, Garden Street. 它在花园街126号。

3. There are many shops near my home. 有许多商店在我家附近。

4. It’s on a busy street in our city. 它在我们城市里的一条繁忙的街上。

5. Excuse me, girls. 女孩们,抱歉打扰一下。

6. I want to send a postcard.我想要寄一张明信片。

7. I want to buy some bread too. 我还想买一些面包。

8. Let me see. 让我想一想。

9. There aren’t any clothes shops on this street.在这条街上没有服装店。

10. We can show you the way. 我们可以给你带路。

11. It’s my pleasure. 乐意为您效劳。

12. Nanjing Road is in the centre of Shanghai. 南京路在上海的中心。

★掌握语法:

1. street街,road路:

(1) 表示具体某条街或路时要大写:Garden Street花园街,Nanjing Road 南京路

(2) 在某条街或路上用介词on: on Garden Street, on Nanjing Road, on a busy street

(3) 有具体门牌号用介词at: at No. 126, Garden Street

2. shop商店(动词:购物go shopping),前面加名词,表示商店类别:

clothes shop服装店,toy shop玩具店,fruit shop水果店,flower shop花店,bookshop书店(注意:bookshop是一个单词,不要分开写)

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M3U3 In the shop 在商店里

★背诵词汇:packet小包;小盒,loaf一条,bowl碗,bar棒;条, bottle瓶

a packet of sweets一包糖,a loaf of bread一条面包,a bowl of noodles一碗面,a bar of chocolate一条巧克力,a packet of biscuits一盒饼干,a bottle of water 一瓶水, a glass of juice一杯果汁, a cup of tea 一杯茶

★掌握句型:1. How much are they? 它们多少钱?

2. They’re five yuan, please. 五元。

3. They want to buy some food.他们想买一些食物。

4. Here’s the bakery section.这里是面包部。

5. Now let’s go to the fruit section.现在让我们去水果部。

6. But don’t eat too much chocolate. 但是不要吃太多的巧克力。

★掌握语法:

1. 不可数名词:chocolate, bread, water, food, smoke(烟)等

(1) 表示许多时,前面用much修饰,如:much water许多水,much chocolate许多巧克力

(2) 提问有两种形式:How much water do you want? 你想要多少水?

How many bottles of water do you want? 你想要多少瓶水?

2. a packet of, a loaf of, a bowl of, a bar of, a bottle of都表示单数(用is):

This is a packet of sweets. 这是一包糖。

There is a loaf of bread. 那里有一条面包。

划线提问:There is a packet of chocolate on the table.

>>> How many packets of chocolate are there on the table?

(How many 后跟复数, packet加s, there is 改成are there)

复数:two packets of, three loaves of, four bowls of, five bars of, ten bottles of

3.want 用法:

(1) want + 名词:I want an apple. I want some water. I want a bowl of noodles.

(2) want to + 动词: I want to play. I want to buy some food.

(3) 划线提问:你想要什么? 他想要什么? 你想要做什么? 想要做什么?

4A Module 4 The natural world 自然界

M4U1 A visit to a farm 一次去农场的参观

★背诵词汇:

visit参观;拜访,hay干草,grass草,corn谷物,meat肉,litter乱扔(垃圾),walk走,pick摘;捡,throw扔,stone石头,don’t不要,rubbish垃圾(不可数), bin垃圾箱 7

★背诵句型:

1.On his farm he has three sheep.在他的农场上有三只绵羊。

2. Don’t litter. 不要乱扔垃圾。

3. Don’t walk on the grass. 不要在草地上走。

4.Don’t pick flowers.不要摘花。

5. Don’t throw stones.不要扔石头。

6. Please put the rubbish in the rubbish bin.请把垃圾放在垃圾箱里。

7. Now let’s visit the farm.现在让我们参观农场。

8. What do they eat? 它们吃什么?

9. They eat hay.它们吃干草。

10. He feeds the pig with the corn.他用谷物喂养猪。

11. The pig lives in a pen.猪住在围栏里。

12. It is angry.它生气了。

★掌握语法:

1.单复数:sheep---sheep(单复同形);

horse----horses;

child---children

this---these;

that---those

2.hay, grass, corn, meat, rubbish(垃圾),都是不可数名词。

3. feed the animals喂养动物;

grow the plants种植植物

4. Don’t litter. (换一种说法) >>> You can’t litter.

Don’t walk on the grass. (换一种说法) >>> You can’t walk on the grass.

5. let’s = let us让我们,后面跟动词原形:

Let’s go. Let’s play. Let’s sing and dance.

6. take a visit to + 地点, 一次去?的参观

Let’s visit the farm. = Let’s take a visit to the farm.

M4U2 At Century Park 在世纪公园

★背诵词汇:

at Century Park在世纪公园,sketchbook素描本,cap鸭舌帽,camera照相机aviary鸟舍,fountain喷泉,pond池塘,plant house花房;温室

★背诵句型:

1.Let’s go to Century Park and have a picnic. 让我们去世纪公园野餐。

2.Where is Century Park, Miss Fang? 方老师,世纪公园在哪里?

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3. It’s far away from our school. 它离我们学校很远。

4. We can take the school bus there. 我们能乘校车去那里。

5. Are you ready, boys and girls? 男生女生们,你们准备好了吗?

6. What do you have, Kitty? Kitty你有什么?

7. I have a camera. 我有一个照相机。

8. They’re homes for birds. 它们是小鸟的家。

9. Can we go and have a look? 我们可以去看一看吗?

10. Of course. You can take some photos there too.当然可以。你们还能在那里拍些照。

11. She is playing on the swing. 她正在秋千上玩。

12. She is watching the fish and ducks in the pond. 她正在看池塘里的鱼和鸭子。

13. He is sleeping. 他正在睡觉。

★掌握语法:

1. 同音词:know--- no, see---sea

2. peanut butter花生酱(不可数),candy糖---candies,an aviary---aviaries

3. (1) take the?to?乘?去?.地方:

take the bus to the park乘公交车去公园,take the car to the zoo乘车到动物园

take the train to Beijing乘火车去北京

(2) by+交通工具:

go to the park by bus, go to Beijing by train, go to the zoo by car

(3) on foot = walk to?走路去?地方:

I go to the shop on foot. = I walk to the shop. 我走路去商店。

4. 音标:/ u / book, sketchbook, good, look, classroom, foot, cook

/ u:/ room, school, food, cool, roof, tooth, zoo

/ e/ this, that, these, those, there, them, their, the, then, smooth, weather, father, mother, brother

/θ/ thin, path, thank, three, mouth, north, think, month, tooth, thirsty, thirteen, throw

M4U3 Weather 天气

★背诵词汇:

(1) weather天气,sunny晴朗的,rainy多雨的,cloudy多云的,windy多风的,snowy下雪的,foggy有雾的,warm温暖的,hot热的,cool凉爽的,cold冷的,wet潮湿的,dry干燥的

(2) live in住在?,China中国,Australia澳大利亚,often经常,always总是,make phone calls to打电话给?,each other 互相

(3) season季节,spring春天,summer夏天,autumn秋天,winter冬天

(4) month月份

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January 一月 February 二月 March 三月 April 四月 May 五月 June 六月 July 七月 August 八月

September 九月 October 十月 November 十一月 December 十二月

(5) week星期

Sunday 星期天 Monday 星期一 Tuesday 星期二 Wednesday 星期三 Thursday 星期四 Friday 星期五 Saturday 星期六

★掌握句型: 1. I live in China. 我住在中国。

2. She is from Australia. 她来自澳大利亚。

3. We often make phone calls to each other.我们经常互相打电话。

4. In May and June, it’s always cool here. 在五月六月,这里总是凉爽的。

5. How’s the weather in December? 十二月的天气怎么样?

6. What’s the weather like in December? 十二月的天气怎么样?

7. The plants grow and grow.植物长啊长。

8. The leaves fall and fall.树叶落啊落。

9. The sun shines and shines. 太阳闪耀啊闪耀。

★掌握语法:

1. 月份、季节、国家前用介词in, 例如:in January,in spring,in China

星期、节日前用介词on, 例如:on Sunday,on Mid-autumn Day

2. How’s the weather?= What’s the weather like? 天气怎样?

3. 划线提问:你住在哪里? 她住在哪里? 她来自哪里?

4. know the knowledge(知道常识):

China中国---Chinese中国人,中文,中国的

Japan 日本---Japanese日本人,日文,日本的

Australia澳大利亚---Australian澳大利亚人,澳大利亚的

America美国---American美国人,美国的

India印度---Indian印度人,印第安人,印度的

Korea韩国---Korean韩国人,韩语,韩国的

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