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Test2

发布时间:2014-02-14 10:55:46  

Test 2

Test 2

Test 2

Outline Section A Listening Comprehension Section B Listening-based Integrated Tasks

Test 2

Section A

Audio 1

Section A Listening Comprehension (Questions 1-20, 40 points)
Directions: In this section, you’re going to listen to 4 audios and watch 1 video. Please complete the multiple choice questions after listening/watching. Audio 1

Glossary
virtual /?v??tSU?l/ a. 有效 的 contraction /k?n?trQkS?n/ n. 紧缩 ailing /?eIlIN/ a. 不佳的 standstill /?stQndstIl/ n. 停止 bipartisan /?baIpA?tI?zQn/ a. 两 党的 IMF (=The International Monetary Fund) 国 际货币基金组织

Test 2

Section A

Audio 1

Task 1
Listen to the audio for the first time and complete Question 1. 1 What’s the main idea of the passage? A) The global economic growth rate will come to a standstill this year. B) Developing countries are experiencing severe economic contraction. C) The world is facing a most severe economic downturn. D) President Obama is quite confident about the economic prospect.



Test 2

Section A

Audio 1

Task 2
Listen to the audio again and complete Questions 2-5. 2 According to the US Central Bank, which of the following isn’t in sharp decline? A) New housing projects. B) Industrial production. C) Business spending. D) Global demand of jobs. 3 What’s the president’s expectation on his stimulus package? A) To create jobs and provide long-term investment. B) To cut the tax and interest rate. C) To save the failing financial institutions. D) To solve the economic problems.

√ √

Test 2

Section A

Audio 1

4 Which one is NOT the impact of global economic downturn mentioned in the clip? A) Unemployment. B) Lower paid and less secure jobs. C) Sharp economic contraction. D) Social turbulence. 5 According to the clip what is President Obama keen for now? A) An 825-billion-dollar plan. B) Bipartisan support for his plan. C) Economic recovery. D) Social stability.





【script】

Test 2

Section A

Audio 2

Audio 2

Glossary
president-elect 总统当选人 tenure /?tenjU?/ n. 任期 get credit for 因…得到好评

Test 2

Section A

Audio 2

Task 1
Listen to the audio the first time and complete Question 6. 6 What is the main idea of this news report? A) Arne Duncan is outstanding in managing schools. B) Barack Obama is greatly disappointed with American educators. C) Arne Duncan will be put in charge of American education policy. D) Americans should have higher expectations for kids.



Test 2

Section A

Audio 2

Task 2
Listen to the audio again and complete Questions 7-8. 7 Why does Barack Obama want to select Arne Duncan to charge the nation’s education policy? A) Because he knows how to make students smarter. B) Because he is from up in some ivory tower. C) Because he is a democrat. D) Because he is very experienced. 8 Why did Barack Obama announce the selection of Arne Duncan at Dodge Renaissance Academy? A) Because Duncan takes credit for his achieveme

nts there. B) Because Dodge Renaissance Academy is a public school. C) Because Dodge Renaissance Academy lies in Chicago. D) Because more kids took and passed AP courses there.





【script】

Test 2

Section A

Audio 3

Audio 3

Glossary
prospect /?pr?spekt/ n. 前景 sibling /?sIblIN/ n. 兄弟姐妹 squishy /?skwISI/ a. 站不住脚 的 firstborn /?f??stb??n/ n. 长子 (女 )

Test 2

Section A

Audio 3

Task 1
Listen to the audio the first time and complete Question 9. 9 What’s the main idea of the audio clip? A) American presidents have much in common. B) Birth order possibly affects one’s presidential prospect. C) First-borns are born to be leaders. D) First-borns are more likely to be CEOs, surgeons, MBAs.



Test 2

Section A

Audio 3

Task 2
Listen to the audio again and complete Questions 10-11. 10 What is said of the 4 American presidents in the clip? A) They are all the eldest children in their families. B) They are all the only child in their families. C) They all graduated from famous universities. D) They all worked as CEOs before they took office. 11 Why does Lehman think first-borns are more likey to be leaders? A) Because they get more love from their parents. B) Because they have to look after yourger siblings. C) Because they have more genes of being leaders. D) Because they try to live up to their parents’ expectations.





【script】

Test 2

Section A

Audio 4

Audio 4

Glossary
autism /???tIz?m/ n. 自闭症 rubella /ru??bel?/ n. 风疹

genetics /dZI?netIks/ n. 遗传学
vaccine /?vQksi?n/ n. 疫苗

sue /sju?/ v. 诉讼
preservative /prI?z??v?tIv/ n. 防 腐剂

seizure /?si?Z?(r)/ n. 癫痫
testimony /?testIm?nI/ n. 法庭陈述

thimerosal /TaI?mer?sQl/ n. 硫汞撒 (一种局部 抗菌剂)
flu shots 流感疫苗

mumps /?m?mps/ n. (pl.) 腮腺 炎

regress /rI?gres/ v. 复原

Test 2

Section A

Audio 4

Task 1
Listen to the audio the first time and complete Questions 12 and 13. 12 What is the topic of the interview? A) Vaccines. B) Genetics. C) Autism. D) Neurological disorder. 13 How is Michelle now? A) Autistic. B) Happy. C) Engaged. D) Playful.





Test 2

Section A

Audio 4

Task 2
Listen to the audio again and complete Questions 14-17. 14 Which of the following is NOT Michelle’s symptom? A) She eats through feeding tube. B) She can’t walk without help. C) She has frequent seizures. D) She is hysterical. 15 What causes Michelle’s autism according to Theresa Sadeo? A) MMR vaccine. B) Flue shots. C) Congenital defect. D) Lack of good care.

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Test 2

Section A

Audio 4

16 Why do Theresa and Mike Sadeo sue the federal government? A) To get vaccine injury compensation. B) To get better medical treatment for Michelle. C) To get more public concern for autism. D) To get an apology from medical professionals. 17 According to the researchers, what plays a major role in autism development? A) Vaccine.

B) Thimerosal. C) Genetics. D) Measles.





【script】

Test 2

Section A

Video

Video

Glossary
fluctuate /?fl?ktjUeIt/ v. 波动 radiate /?reIdIeIt/ v. 辐 射 core /k??(r)/ n. 中心 methane /?mi?TeIn/ n. 甲烷 emission /I?mIS?n/ n. 排放 fluorescent /?flU??res?nt/ a. 荧光的

Test 2

Section A

Video

Task 1
Watch the video clip the first time and complete Question 18. 18 What’s the video clip about? A) Global warming and its impact. B) Greenhouse effect. C) Earth temperature. D) Changes of sea level.



Test 2

Section A

Video

Task 2
Watch the video clip again and complete Questions 19-20.
19 What drives the temperature up in the last century? A) The industrial revolution. B) Changes of weather patterns. C) The sun and the energy. D) Human activity. 20 How much has the planet’s temperature risen in the last century? A) About 4 degrees Fahrenheit. B) About 1.2 to 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit. C) About 2 to10 degrees Fahrenheit. D) About 2 degrees Fahrenheit.

√ √

【script】

Test 2

Section A

Audio 1

Following is the script of Audio 1: BBC News with Jonathan Izzard. The International Monetary Fund has warned that the world is facing its most severe economic downturn since the Second World War. In its latest forecast, the organization says that it expects the global growth rate to be only 0.5% this year. The IMF’s Director of Research, Olivier Blanchard, expanded on the forecast. Olivier: We expect the global economy to come to a virtual standstill in 2009. There are important differences across countries. In the advanced economies, we basically forecast the sharpest contraction. The IMF says a gradual recovery should start in 2010. The International Labour Organization has meanwhile said that the downturn could result in a loss of 51 million jobs this year, and that unemployment will rise steeply even if economic stimulus packages work. A report also suggests many who manage to stay in work will be pushed into lower paid, less secure jobs.

Test 2

Section A

Audio 1

The US Central Bank, the Federal Reserve, says industrial production, new housing projects, employment and consumer and business spending are all in steep decline in the United States. It warned that the global demand also appears to be slowing down significantly. The bank said that it was keeping interest rates at close to zero. Andrew Walker reports. President Obama says businesses and workers are counting on his administration for bold and swift action to help the American economy recover. From Washington, here’s Rajini Vaidyanathan. Rajini: President Obama is keen for bipartisan support for his 825-billion-dollar recovery plan. Following a meeting with business leaders, the president said he was confident that the ailing US economy could still be turned round. The president hopes his stimulus package will help do that by creating as many as four million jobs and providing long-term investment on improvements on ro

ads, schools and electricity lines. Republican critics fear the plan would just throw money away, arguing it needs to include more tax cuts.

Test 2

Section A

Audio 2

Following is the script of Audio 2: President-elect Barack Obama wants to put the head of the Chicago school system in charge of the nation’s education policy. Arne Duncan has run the country’s third-largest public school district since 2001. During his tenure, test scores for Chicago students have gone up significantly. ―So when Arne speaks to educators across America, it won’t be from up in some ivory tower, but from the lessons he has learned during his years changing our schools from the bottom up. I remember a conversation we had about one of those lessons awhile back, we were talking about how he’d managed to increase the number of kids taking and passing AP courses in Chicago over the last few years, and he told me that in the end, the kids weren’t any smarter than they were 3 years ago. Our expectations for them were just higher.‖ The president-elect announced the selection at Dodge Renaissance Academy, one of the schools Duncan gets credit for turning round.

Test 2

Section A

Audio 3

Following is the script of Audio 3: Does Birth Order Affect Your Presidential Prospect? Psychologists have pondered this question for centuries. Does it really matter if you were born earlier or later than your siblings? Well, a new study in the United States says it does, if you wanna be president. Medical correspondent Elizabeth Cohen explains. What do Hillary Clinton, Barack Obama, George W. Bush and Gerald Ford have in common? They’re all the eldest children in their families. Psychologist Kevin Lehman wrote the book on birth order. He points out that 4 of the past 6 presidents have been eldest children: George W. Bush, Bill Clinton, Jimmy Carter, and Gerald Ford. Even among people who try to become president, firstborns rule, at least this season. Eight of the 11 major candidates who started the 2008 race are eldest or only children.

Test 2

Section A

Audio 3

Lehman says leadership comes naturally to first-borns. After all, they had to take care of younger siblings. And a new study from Brigham Young University says first-borns with one sibling get more time with mom and dad. There are many who say this birth-order stuff is squishy science; that the research is flawed and paints families with too broad a brush. There are many first-borns who are natural leaders, but there’s nothing about being first-born that automatically leads to leadership. Others beg to differ. They point to studies showing first-borns are more likely to be CEOs, surgeons, MBAs. While birth order certainly can’t predict the presidential race, history shows it’s a factor. Elizabeth Cohen, CNN, Atlanta.

Test 2

Section A

Audio 4

Following is the script of Audio 4: Andrew Stevens: All researchers believe two things play a major role in the development of autism in children. The first

is genetics and the second is an event, some kind of trigger, that sets off the neurological disorder. For years doctors and parents have wondered, ―Can certain vaccines be that trigger?‖ In our special series on autism, Dr. Sanjay Gupta now tracks down some answers to that controversial question. Dr. Sanjay Gupta: Watching all videos, Theresa Sadeo sees the child her daughter Michelle could have been: happy, engaged, playful. Michelle’s childhood has turned out very different. She is autistic. Now 13, she can’t walk without help. She gets her nourishment from a feeding tube, and she needs constant monitoring for seizures.

Test 2
Theresa Sadeo:

Section A

Audio 4

You think you are dealing with something that is going to come and go and then you get your child back and you don’t. You just have a very sick child. Dr. Sanjay Gupta: Theresa and Mike Sadeo blame vaccines for causing their daughter’s autism. And they have sued the federal government through the national vaccine injury compensation program. The Sadeo’s case is one of 4,900 claiming a vaccine autism link. They are being considered together in a so-called vaccine court, part of the US court of federal claims. Last year Michelle Sadeo’s claim was chosen as the first of 9 test cases to determine whether the vaccines could plausibly trigger autism. More testimonies scheduled this year. Theresa Sadeo: She was a normal and healthy developing child and …

Test 2

Section A

Audio 4

Dr. Sanjay Gupta: The Sadeos say that their daughter was sickened by a combination of the measles, mumps and rubella or MMR vaccine and the mercury containing preservatives, thimerosal which was in childhood’s vaccine at the time. As a precaution, thimerosal has since been removed from all childhood vaccines and only remains in some flu shots. While the court considers the vaccine autism case, the medical establishment has already passed judgment. More than a dozen large studies finding no vaccine autism link. It has been asked and answered. Vaccines don’t cause Doctor: autism. I mean, about 20% of children with autism will regress between often the first and second birthday. So statistically it has to happen where some children will get a vaccine they would have been fine and they get the vaccine and then they are not fine anymore.

Test 2

Section A

Audio 4

Dr. Sanjay Gupta: Theresa and Mike Sadeo hope that the vaccine courts will decide vaccines can cause autism and award them enough money, so Michelle can be well taken care of when they are gone. Dr. Sanjay Gupta, CNN, reporting. Andrew Stevens: And CNN is marking world autism awareness day with a series of reports that focus on the realities faced by families touched by the disorder. Our special coverage continues all day this day and it also includes a special, which will be presented worldwide on Wednesday. It’s all right here on CNN.

Test 2

Section A

Video

Following is the script of the video: For 2.5 million years, the e

arth’s climate has fluctuated, cycling from ice ages to warmer periods. But in the last century, the planet’s temperature has risen unusually fast, about 1.2 to 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit. Scientists believe it’s human activity that’s driving the temperatures up, a process known as global warming. Ever since the industrial revolution began, factories, power plants, and eventually, cars, have burned fossil fuels such as oil and coal, releasing huge amounts of carbon dioxide and other gases into the atmosphere. These greenhouse gases trap heat near the earth through a naturally occurring process called the greenhouse effect. The greenhouse effect begins with the sun and the energy it radiates to the earth. The earth and the atmosphere absorb some of this energy, while the rest is radiated back into space. Naturally occurring gases in the atmosphere trap some of this energy and reflect it back, warming the earth.

Test 2

Section A

Video

Scientists now believe that the greenhouse effect is being intensified by the extra greenhouse gases that humans have released. Evidence for global warming includes a recent string of very warm years. Scientists report that 1998 was the warmest year in measured history, with 2005 coming in second. Meanwhile, readings taken from ice cores show that the greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide and methane have hit their highest levels in the past 420,000 years. Arctic sea ice is also shrinking. According to NASA studies, the extent of Arctic sea ice has declined about 10% in the last 30 years. As long as industrialized nations consume energy and developing countries increase their fossil fuel consumption, the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere will continue to rise. Researchers predict that temperatures will increase about 2 to10 degrees Fahrenheit by the end of the century. What’s less certain is what rising temperatures mean for the planet. Some climate models predict subtle changes.

Test 2

Section A

Video

Others forecast rising sea levels which could flood coastal areas around the world. Weather patterns could change, making hurricanes more frequent. Severe droughts could become more common in warm areas and species unable to adapt to the changing conditions would face extinction. Although much remains to be learned about global warming, many organizations advocate cutting greenhouse gas emissions to reduce the impact of global warming. Consumers can help, by saving energy around the house, switching to compact fluorescent light bulbs and driving fewer miles in the car each week. These simple changes may help keep the Earth cooler in the future.

Test 2

Section B

Section B Listening-based Integrated Tasks
Task 1 Long Conversation (Questions 21-25, 10 points)
Directions: For this task, you will hear one long conversation. At the end of the conversation, several questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question

there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Questions 21 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 21. What does the man want to do? A) To join the company basketball team. B) To watch baseball games on TV. C) To get in shape and compete in a cycling race. D) To try out for the company baseball team.



Test 2

Section B

22. What is the woman's main concern? A) She is worried her husband will spend too much time away from home. B) She is afraid her husband will spend too much time on exercises. C) She worries about her husband’s work load. D) She is concerned about her husband's health. 23. What is the woman's first suggestion to her husband? A) He should see a doctor. B) He should do some warm-up exercises. C) He needs to visit a fitness trainer. D) He should start with a light workout.

√ √

Test 2

Section B

24. What does the woman advise about the man's diet? A) He should take more vitamins. B) He should eat less fatty foods. C) He should consume less salt. D) He should eat more protein products. 25. Why does the man's wife recommend cycling? A) It helps strengthen the muscles. B) It helps develop mental toughness. C) It is easy to start with. D) It helps strengthen the heart.





【script】

Test 2

Section B

Task 2 Passage (Questions 26-30, 10 points)
Directions: For this task, you will hear a passage. At the end of the passage, you’ll hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Questions 26 to 30 are based on the passage you have just heard. 26. Which of the following is true about Asian-American students at college in US? A) They feel they are mistreated because of limited knowledge of English. B) They are afraid that their academic successes bear a strong Asian character. C) They still worry about unfair treatment in society. D) They generally feel it a shame to have to depend on their parents.



Test 2

Section B

27. What are the major factors that determine the success of AsianAmericans? A) A solid foundation in basic mathematics and Asian culture. B) Hard work and high intelligence. C) Parents’ help and a good knowledge of English. D) Asian culture and the American educational system. 28. Why did few Asian-American students major in human sciences? A) Because human sciences do not promise good jobs. B) Because human sciences are difficult to study. C) Because they are more interested in natural sciences. D) Because they are likely to be treated unfairly in these areas.





Test 2

Section B

29. Which of the following is an effective factor for Asian parents to help their children? A) Their strict disciplines for their children. B) Their attention to their children’s homework. C) Their high expecta

tion to their children. D) Their good genes. 30. Which of the following best describes the author's tone in this passage? A) Sympathetic. B) Doubtful. C) Critical. D) Objective.





【script】

Test 2
Task 3 Compound Dictation (40 points)

Section B

Directions: For this task, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 31 to 38 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 39 to 41 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written. The majority of students leaving university in coming months do not expect to land decent jobs, it was (31) revealed _______ , as the recession continues to have a ―profound effect‖ on the (32) employment __________ market. Thousands of final-year degree students are (33) preparing ________ to accept lowpaid work in bars, supermarkets and call centers, according to figures.

Test 2

Section B

As thousands of (34) undergraduates _____________ take end-of-course exams this month, it emerged that only a quarter of those on arts and humanities courses were preparing to (35) secure ______ work in graduate professions. The disclosure came in a survey of more than 16,000 final year students — a fifth of those (36) nationally ________ — by analysts High Fliers Research. It comes (37) despite ______ fears that graduates are facing record levels of debt this summer, with the (38) average _______ student being forced to repay £18,100 for a three year course. Debts rise to £25,700 in parts of London. The jobs shortage was blamed on a ―substantial backlog‖ in the number of jobless graduates from previous years — (39) creating __________________________ additional pressure on the __________________________ employment market in . 2010. Researchers said 8,000 extra job applications had been made to leading companies by the end of October as students attempted to steal a march on competitors.

Test 2

Section B

(40) It ________________________________________________________ was also disclosed that thousands of students are preparing to take a ____________________________________________ postgraduate course as an alternative to finding a job . Some 26 percent of students will remain in higher education after completing degrees this year, figures show. According to the study, 36 percent of students believe they will start a graduate job – or start looking for one — when they leave university this summer. (41) Numbers _____________________________________________________ slump to 25 percent among arts and humanities students . Some 26 per cent of all students are preparing to move on t

o postgraduate courses, while a third will take ―any job they are offered‖, the study said. This suggests large numbers of students will embark on low-paid jobs in shops, cafes, call centers and building sites — failing to use their degree for many years.

Test 2

Section B

Following is the script of the audio: Man: Honey, the basketball game is about to start. And could you bring some chips and a bowl of ice cream? And . . . uh . . . a slice of pizza from the fridge. Woman: Anything else? Man: Nope, that’s all for now. Hey, hon, you know, they’re organizing a company basketball team, and I'm thinking about joining. What do you think? Woman: Humph. Man: ―Humph‖ What do you mean ―Humph.‖ I was the star player in high school. Woman: Yeah, twenty-five years ago. Look, I just don't want you to have a heart attack running up and down the court.

Test 2
Man: Woman: Man: Woman: Man: Woman:

Section B

Man: Woman:

So, what are you suggesting? Should I just abandon the idea? I'm not that out of shape. Well . . . you ought to at least have a physical before you begin. I mean, it HAS been at least five years since you played at all. Well, okay, but . . . And you need to watch your diet and cut back on the fatty foods, like ice cream. And you should try eating more fresh fruits and vegetables. Yeah, you're probably right. And you should take up a little weight training to strengthen your muscles or perhaps try cycling to build up your heart. Oh, and you need to go to bed early instead of watching TV half the night. Hey, you're starting to sound like my personal fitness instructor! No, I just love you, and I want you to be around for a long, long time.

Test 2

Section B

Following is the script of the audio: In only two decades Asian-Americans have become the fastest-growing US minority. As their children began moving up through the nation's schools, it became clear that a new class of academic achievers was emerging. Their achievements are reflected in the nation's best universities, where mathematics, science and engineering departments have taken on a decidedly Asian character. They are also influenced by the promise of a good job after college. Asians feel there will be less unfair treatment in areas like mathematics and science because they will be judged more immediate in something like engineering than with an arts degree. Most Asian-American students owe their success to the influence of parents who are determined that their children take full advantage of what the American educational system has to offer. An effective measure of parental attention is homework. Asian parents spend more time with their children than American

Test 2

Section B

parents do, and it helps. Many researchers also believe there is something in Asian culture that breeds success, such as ideals that stress family values and emphasize education. Both explanations for academic success worry Asian-Americans because of fears that they feed a typical racial

image. Many can remember when Chinese, Japanese and some other immigrants were the victims of social isolation. Indeed, it was not until 1952 that laws were laid down giving all Asian immigrants the right to citizenship.


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