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unit 1 book 4

发布时间:2014-02-17 18:13:00  

Unit One

Leisure Activities

But, what is it that makes a story or a joke funny? (Line 2)
语 法 训 练

本句为强调句型的疑问句,用于强调句子中的主 语。

译 文

那么,到底是什么东西使一个故事或笑话让人 感到滑稽可笑呢?

Why is it that several students in a class will fall out of their chairs laughing after I tell a joke while the rest of the students look as if I’ve just read the weather report? (Line 10)
译 文

语 法 训 练

本句为强调句型的特殊疑问句,用于强调 原因状语。句中 it 是形式主语, that 引导 真实主语从句。 句中的两个并列真实主语 是 several students… 和 the rest of the students…两个主语从句。laughing after I tell a joke 是现在分词短语做伴随状语修饰 several students。

Example

Why is it that every time I have a hot date, I break out with a big zit on my face?
为什么每次我有重要约会时,脸上都会冒出一个很 大的青春痘呢?

Hmm, what is it that interests you most about the job?
嗯??这个工作最让你感兴趣的方面是什么呢?

How long ago is it that you last saw her?
你上一次看见她是多久以前的事?

Why is it that several students in a class will fall out of their chairs laughing after I tell a joke while the rest of the students look as if I’ve just read the weather report? (Line 10)

译 文

为什么听我讲完一个笑话后,班上有些学生会 笑得前仰后合,而其他学生看上去就像刚听我 读了天气预报一样呢?

The joke is no less funny because it is so often used. (Line 49)
译 文

句 型 应 用

no less(than): quite as…as 和??一样, 不少于,不亚于。

Example

She is no less active than she used to be.
她和从前一样活跃。

An animal, even a small insect, is no less sensible to pain than man.
一个动物,即使是一只小昆虫,对 疼痛的敏感程度也不比人类少。

The joke is no less funny because it is so often used. (Line 49)



这个笑话并没有因为经 常讲而变得不再那么好 笑。



“How come you completely copied somebody else’s homework?” (Line 66)
译 文

句 型 应 用

How come: How did it happen ( that ) 为非正式用语,用于询问,意思是“为什 么?是怎么回事?”,并表示惊讶。

Example

How come nobody found out the first time he went there?
他第一次去那儿时怎么没有人发现呢?

How come there are no commercials for bicycles?
没有自行车的广告,这是怎 么回事 ?

If that’s true, how come so many smart people have stupid children?
如果那是事实,为什么那么多聪明人会有笨孩子呢?

“How come you completely copied somebody else’s homework?” (Line 66)



你为什么一字不改地抄



别人的作业?

universal (adj.) (Line1, Para1) 1) relating to everyone in the world or everyone in a particular group or society 普遍

的, 全体的

Translation

卡拉OK提供了大众化的娱乐。

Karaoke provides universal entertainment.
非典和禽流感曾经引起过普遍的恐慌。

SARS and bird flu have once caused universal panic.

2) true or suitable in every situation 通用的;万能的

a universal instrument 万能仪 a universal meter 通用电表

名词形式: universe 宇宙

humor (n.) (Line 4, Para. 2) (capacity to cause or feel) amusement 幽默;诙谐

Exercise

请完成下面的句子。

他正在写一本幽默小说。

a novel full of humor He is writing __________________.
中央电视台节目主持人李咏很有幽默感。

CCTV’s host Li Yong ______________________. has a great sense of humor

词汇扩充

humorous (adj.) (Line 21, Para. 5) 幽默的 humorless (adj.) (Line 19, Para. 3) 缺乏幽默感的 humorist (n.) (Line 65, Para. 10) 幽默(作)家, 有敏锐幽默感的人
Exercise

请用 humorous, humorless 或 humorist 填空。

I think actor Guo Donglin is rather _________. humorous We all view his father as a ________. humorist humorless is unacceptable in the business Being _________ talks with American people.

sense (n.) (Line 16, Para.3) 1) good practical understanding and judgment 见识;判断力;领悟(常与of连用)
Translation

他的父亲是一个责任感很强的人。

His father has a strong sense of duty.
Cultivating the moral sense in the childhood is quite important.
在儿童时代就培养是非感是相当重要的。

2) a way in which a person can know about the physical world, for example, through sight or hearing 官能;感官 (如视觉,听觉,嗅觉,味觉及触觉)

Translation

那位特工(agent)听觉敏锐。

That agent has a keen sense of hearing.
如我们所知,狗的嗅觉很灵敏。

As we know, dogs have a good sense of smell.

sense (v.) (Line 94, Para.12) to have a feeling about something without being told directly 感觉到,觉察到,意识到

Translation

她发觉自己的建议不受欢迎。

She sensed that her suggestions were unwelcome. Olympic champion Guo Jingjing could sense that some reporters’ questions were not friendly.
奥运冠军郭晶晶能够感受到一些记者的问题并不友 好。

trigger (Line 18, Para. 3) (v.) to start a chain of events; be the immediate cause of (sth. serious or violent) 触发,引发,为
(某严重或暴力的事件的)直接原因

Exercise

请完成下面的句子。

trigger a chain reaction This incident may ___________________.
这一事件可能会引起连锁反应。

Kashmir issue incessantly _________________ triggers (off) armed conflicts between India and Pakistan. ________
克什米尔问题不断激起印巴之间的武装冲突。

(n.) lever for releasing a spring, esp. of a firearm
(释放弹簧的)扳柄;(枪的)扳机;引爆器

Exercise

请完成下面的句子。

The trigger of that gun is made from a particular ___________________ material.
那把手枪

的扳机是由一种特殊材料制作的。

tried to reach his hand for the trigger James Bond _______________________________ but failed in the end.
007试图伸手去够引爆器,但没有成功。

focus (n.) (Line 21, Para. 3) point at which interests, tendencies, etc., meet
兴趣,趋势等的中心;焦点

Exercise

请完成下面的句子。

Yao Ming’s wonderful performance in NBA the focus of basketball fans’ enables him to become ______________________ attention ________.
姚明在NBA的精彩表现使得他成为篮球迷们关 注的焦点。

Many scientists were trying to find _____________ the focus of the earthquake __________.
很多科学家都在全力寻找震源。

(vt & vi.) concentrate 集中;使集中于焦点

Translation

你应该把精力放在工作上。

You should focus your mind on work. The Taiwan authority is supposed to focus more attention on how to improve its relationship with the Chinese mainland.
台湾当局应该更多地关注如何改善与祖国大陆的 关系。

mutual (adj.) (Line 25, Para. 4) 1) shared by two people and directed towards each other (used of feeling)
相互的, 彼此的 (指感情)
Exercise

请完成下面的句子。

宽恕源于彼此的理解。

mutual understanding Forgiveness is due to ___________________. Mutual support and inspiration helped the players __________________________ of the Chinese women’s volleyball team achieve the victory in the final.
互相的支持和鼓励帮助中国女排的队员取得了决赛 的胜利。

2) shared by two or more people
共同的, 共有的

Translation

共同的努力是成功的关键。

Mutual efforts are the key to success. They found that they had a mutual interest in Jolin Tsai’s (Cai Yilin) songs.
她们发现她们对蔡依林的歌 有着共同的兴趣。

tempt (v.) (Line 28, Para. 4) 1) to try to persuade someone to do something which maybe unwise or immoral 引诱, 诱惑 常用结构:be tempted to do sth.
某人被诱惑(诱骗)做某事
Exercise

请完成下面的句子。

That old man was ___________________________ tempting some teenagers to join ________________________. that mysterious organization
那个老人正在劝诱一些年轻人加入那个神秘的组织。

was tempted to become a thief. That boy _____________
那个男孩儿受人诱骗而成了一名小偷。

2) try to persuade someone to do something by making it seem attractive
吸引, 引起??的兴趣

Exercise

请完成下面的句子。

The fine weather and beautiful scenery ____________________. tempted us to go outside
不错的天气和美丽的景色
吸引着我们到户外去。

Exercise

请完成下面的句子。

The enterprises and research institutes in Western

countries always________________________ tempt Chinese young talents
with attractive salary and working conditions.
西方国家的企业和研究机构总是用优厚的薪水和优

越的工作条件吸引中国的年轻人

才。

名词形式:temptation 诱惑物;有诱惑的东西

present (adj.) /’preznt/ (Line 36, Para. 5) 1) in a particular place at a particular time
出席的;在场的
Translation

开幕式举行的时候你在场吗?

Were you present at the opening ceremony?
会议有多少人出席?

How many people were present at the meeting?

2) the time that is happening
现在的;现存的(做定语)

请掌握以下常见表达。

现政府 在目前

the present government at the present time (day)

当前的形势
现存的社会制度

the present situation
the present social system

v. /pri’zent/ (1) to give something to someone, esp. at an official ceremony 赠给;献给; 呈递

Translation

学生们给老师献花。

The students presented flowers to their teacher. She is responsible for presenting the application to the committee.
她负责向委员会提出申请。

(2) to be the cause of a problem or difficulty ( present sb with sth )
引起问题或困难

Translation

Falling interests rates present the firm with a new problem.
利息下降给公司带来了一个新问题。

That key player’s sudden injury presented the head coach with a big headache.
那位关键队员的突然受伤让主教练感到非常头疼。 (n.) /’preznt/ gift 礼物;赠品

technique (Line 43, Para. 7) (n.) (a) skill in doing something practical, artistic, or connected with sport 技巧,方法
Translation

If you want to learn to paint, I suggest you study Raphael’s techniques.
如果你想学习绘画的话,我建议你去学习拉菲尔 的绘画技巧。

She is working with her new piano teacher to improve her technique.
她请新钢琴老师协助提高自己的演奏技巧。

词义辨析

technology (n.) the branch of knowledge or activity dealing with scientific and industrial methods and their practical use in industry
(科学和工业的技术)

Translation

chemical technology

化学工艺学 科学和技术 载人航天技术

science and technology the manned space technology

value (n.) (Line 51, Para. 7) 1) regard highly; have a high opinion of 看重 ;重视
Translation

对于健康和财富,你更看 重哪一个?

Which do you value most, wealth or health?
我很珍惜你的友情/重视他们的建议。

I’ve always suggestions.

valued

your

friendship/their

(2) to calculate how much money something is worth 估??的价格;评价

Translation

这条项链被估价为8000美元。

The necklace has been valued at $8000.
如果你想卖掉你的汽车,你应该找人为它估个价。

If you want to sell your car you ought to have it valued.

词义辨析

valueless

(adj.) without value; worthless
无价值的;无用的

valuable

(adj.) of great value, worth or use 有很大价值的;贵重的;很有用的

invaluable (adj.) of value too high to be measured 价值高到无法估量的;
无价的

Exercise

请用 valueless , valuable或 invaluable填空



Her words proved __________ invaluable for me to complete my task successfully. The metal looked like gold, but in fact it was _________. valueless

Talking with him is a waste of my ________ valuable time.

variation (n.) (Line 87, Para. 12) a change in degree, amount, or quantity 变更, 变化, 变异, 变种
Translation

我们必须密切注意速度的变化。

We must keep a close watch at the variations in speed. The Australian English is actually one of the variations of the British English.
澳大利亚英语实际上是英国英语的一个变种。

词义辨析

variety (n.) difference in quantity, type, or character 多样化,指一类当中的多样或多 种(常用结构 a variety of=various 各
种各样的;种种)
Translation

We should try to give variety to our performance.
我们应该尽量使我们的表演变得丰富多彩。

A variety of diamond products can be seen at the exhibition.
在那个展览会上可以看到各种 各样的钻石制品。

variable (n.) something that can vary in quantity or size变数, 可变物, 变量

Translation

There are too many variables to predict the result of the election.
由于诸多变数的存在,很难预测选举的结果。

The victory of the match depends on a number of variables, such as the weather.
比赛的胜利依赖于包括天气在内的很多因素。

Exercise

请用 variation , variety或 variable填空。

The result of the match variables relies on lots of ________.
There was a _______ variety of

dishes on the menu.

variation of temperature today is 10 degrees. The ________

clarification (n.) (Line 95, Para. 12) added information to make something easier to understand 澄清;阐明
Exercise

请完成下面的句子。

They asked for ________________ further clarification of the statements of the company.
他们要求得到关于公司声明的进一步的解释。

printed clarifications of the incorrect That newspaper _________________ statements about the effect of that medicine on its front page.
那家报纸在其头版澄清了对于那种药效的错误的声明。

clarify (v.) make something easier to understand by explaining it more fully 澄清;阐明;使??明白

Translation

澄清真相是警察的责任。

It is the policemen’s responsibility to clarify matters.
你必须在会上阐明自己的立场。

You are supposed to clarify your stand at the meeting.

persist (vi.) (Line 102, Para. 13) to continue to exist; last
继续存在

Translation

On the top of very high mountains snow persists throughout a year.
高山顶上,积雪终年不化。

Fog will persist for several days, so drivers are warned to be careful.
雾还有几天才能散,所以提醒司机谨慎驾驶。

(2) (-in) to continue doing something with determination in spite of opposition
坚持; 执意

Exercise

请完成下面的句子。

如果你的弟弟继续制造麻烦,公司就不得不解雇他。

If your brother ___

___________________, persists in causing trouble the company may have to dismiss him. persists in The US president George. W. Bush _________ _________________ sending more troops to Iraq.
美国总统布什坚持派更多军队前往伊拉克。

persistence (n.) persisting or being persistent
坚持;固执;持续;存留

Translation

He showed such persistence that they finally had to give him a job.
他表现出很大的毅力,最终他们不得不给了他那份 工作。

His persistence was rewarded when they finally agreed to resume discussions.
他们终于同意继续谈判,这是他坚持不懈的结果。

形容词形式:persistent

adj. persisting, continuing, occurring again and again 坚持的;固执的;持续的;一再发生的
词义辨析

insist 和

persist

这两个动词短语都有“坚持”的意思,它们之间的区 别是: 1)insist“坚决主张”或“要求”,指坚持自己的 观点不容拒绝或反对;( 如果后接宾语从句要用 虚拟语气) persist 则指不顾别人的劝告、反对、 或 “不 畏困难继续做某事”和“继续存在”的意思。 2)后边搭配的介词不同 (insist on; persist in)

Exercise

请用 insist 或 persist 填空。

persist for the rest of the The cold weather will _______ week.

insists on the importance of being She always _________
punctual (严格守时的,准时的). I _______ insisted he come with us. persisted in singing although her friends Mary __________ asked her not to.

这出于自己的喜好。

It has been a labor of love.
有些人比别人更有幽默感,就像有些人更有音乐 天赋一样。

Some people have a better sense of humor than others just as some people have more musical talent.
你又上了我的当。

I fooled you again.
它广为不同年龄和不同文化背景的人所喜爱。

It appeals to all ages and all cultures.

几乎每一位滑稽说笑演员都以这样或那样的方式 讲过下面这个笑话。

Nearly every comedian has used the following joke in one form or another.
无论是在乡村的舞台上,还是在北京最大的剧院里, 或是在广播、电视上, 随处都能听到相声。

Cross-talk can be heard anywhere from small village stages to the largest Beijing theaters, and to radio and television.

丁聪是位调皮话大师。

Ding Cong is a master of word play.
我认为这不是幽默的 过错。

I don’t think humor is to be blamed for that.


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